keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

trafficking in persons

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412070/implications-of-human-trafficking-in-asia-a-scoping-review-of-aftercare-initiatives-centered-on-economic-development
#1
Meghan A Camp, John R Barner, David Okech
The trafficking of persons is one of the most egregious violations of human rights in modern society. Given the disproportionate effects across demographic categories of age and gender, as well as concentrated impacts within the developing world, there is a strong need for research and literature on program effectiveness and appropriate aftercare efforts for those persons whose lives and livelihoods have been impacted by trafficking. The purpose of this article is to provide a scoping review of what is known about effectively helping survivors of human trafficking experiencing lack of economic opportunity and the implications for practice and future research regarding the absence of literature...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383027/inflammatory-bowel-disease-towards-a-personalized-medicine
#2
REVIEW
Mathurin Flamant, Xavier Roblin
The management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been transformed over the last two decades by the arrival of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonist agents. Recently, alternative drugs have been approved, directed at leukocyte-trafficking molecules (vedolizumab) or other inflammatory cytokines (ustekinumab). New therapeutics are currently being developed in IBD and represent promising targets as they involve other mechanisms of action (JAK molecules, Smad 7 antisense oligonucleotide etc.). Beyond TNF antagonist agents, these alternative drugs are needed for early-stage treatment of patients with aggressive IBD or when the disease is resistant to conventional therapy...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377354/redirecting-adult-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-to-the-brain-a-new-approach-for-treating-cns-autoimmunity-and-neuroinflammation
#3
REVIEW
Jasmine J Wilson, Kerrie Foyle, Jade Foeng, Todd Norton, Duncan R McKenzie, Natalie Payne, Claude C Bernard, Shaun R McColl, Iain Comerford
Mesenchymal stromal cells or stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to participate in tissue repair and are immunomodulatory in neuropathological settings. Given this, their potential use in developing a new generation of personalized therapies for autoimmune and inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) will be explored. To effectively exert these effector functions, MSCs must first gain entry into damaged neural tissues, a process that has been demonstrated to be a limiting factor in their therapeutic efficacy...
January 29, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327391/molecular-phenotype-of-slc4a11-missense-mutants-setting-the-stage-for-personalized-medicine-in-corneal-dystrophies
#4
Kumari Alka, Joseph R Casey
SLC4A11 mutations cause cases of congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy (CHED), Harboyan syndrome (HS), and Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD). Defective water reabsorption from corneal stroma by corneal endothelial cells (CECs) leads to these corneal dystrophies. SLC4A11, in the CEC basolateral membrane facilitates transmembrane movement of H2 O, NH3 and H+ -equivalents. Some SLC4A11 disease mutants have impaired folding, leading to a failure to move to the cell surface, which in some cases can be corrected by the drug, Glafenine...
January 11, 2018: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320614/deep-tumor-penetrating-bioparticulates-inspired-burst-intracelluar-drug-release-for-precision-chemo-phototherapy
#5
Ruoning Wang, Yue Han, Bo Sun, Ziqiang Zhao, Yaw Opoku-Damoah, Hao Cheng, Huaqing Zhang, Jianping Zhou, Yang Ding
The relevance of personalized medicine has inspired research for individually concerted diagnosis and therapy. Numerous efforts are devoted to designing drug particulates with capabilities of tumor penetrating and subcellular trafficking to concurrently discharge theranostics in response to multistimulations. In this study, a bioinspired particulate, formulated with whole components of native high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) and decorated with the tumor-penetrating peptide iRGD, is proposed to promote tumor penetration of HDLs (pHDLs) together with payloads...
January 10, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299208/the-relationship-between-personality-disorders-and-the-type-of-crime-committed-and-substance-used-among-prisoners
#6
Shahin Fakhrzadegan, Hossein Gholami-Doon, Bagher Shamloo, Solmaz Shokouhi-Moqhaddam
Background: Prisoners are a vulnerable group within societies, and also threaten society due to their dangerous behavior. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between prisoners' personality disorders and their crime and substance use. Methods: This was a descriptive-correlational study. The statistical population consisted of all prisoners of Kerman, Iran. Through stratified random sampling, 228 prisoners (114 women and 114 men) were selected as the study subjects...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294728/trafficking-experiences-and-psychosocial-features-of-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-victims
#7
Jessica L Moore, Christopher Houck, Priyadarshini Hirway, Christine E Barron, Amy P Goldberg
Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) is an increasingly recognized traumatic crime premised upon the control, abuse, and exploitation of youth. By definition, DMST is the "recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act" within domestic borders, in which the person is a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident under the age of 18 years. The present study described the demographics, psychosocial features, and trafficking experiences (e.g., environments of recruitment, relationship to trafficker, solicitation) of DMST victims...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242522/amyloid-%C3%AE-and-tau-complexity-towards-improved-biomarkers-and-targeted-therapies
#8
REVIEW
Juan Carlos Polanco, Chuanzhou Li, Liviu-Gabriel Bodea, Ramon Martinez-Marmol, Frederic A Meunier, Jürgen Götz
Most neurodegenerative diseases are proteinopathies, which are characterized by the aggregation of misfolded proteins. Although many proteins have an intrinsic propensity to aggregate, particularly when cellular clearance systems start to fail in the context of ageing, only a few form fibrillar aggregates. In Alzheimer disease, the peptide amyloid-β (Aβ) and the protein tau aggregate to form plaques and tangles, respectively, which comprise the histopathological hallmarks of this disease. This Review discusses the complexity of Aβ biogenesis, trafficking, post-translational modifications and aggregation states...
January 2018: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223888/neighborhood-crime-undermines-parenting-violence-in-the-vicinity-of-households-as-a-predictor-of-aggressive-discipline
#9
Jorge Cuartas
Child discipline is a central component of parent-child interactions. Evidence suggests corporal discipline impairs children's physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development and compromises their future chances, especially since it is more frequently used against at-risk children. Using geocoded data for 1209 children under the age of five and their mothers, this study analyses the relation between the occurrence of crimes in close proximity to households in four major urban municipalities of Colombia and a particularly violent corporal discipline practice: hitting children with objects...
February 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196472/first-person-ana-nascimento
#10
(no author information available yet)
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Ana Nascimento is the first author on 'KIF13A mediates trafficking of influenza A virus ribonucleoproteins', published in Journal of Cell Science. Ana conducted the work in this article in Maria João Amorim's lab at the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Portugal. She is now a PhD student in the lab of Beate Sodeik at the Institute of Virology at Hannover Medical School, investigating host-pathogen interactions, particularly involving viruses...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166394/maternity-care-for-trafficked-women-survivor-experiences-and-clinicians-perspectives-in-the-united-kingdom-s-national-health-service
#11
Debra Bick, Louise M Howard, Sian Oram, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Although trafficked women and adolescents are at risk of unprotected or forced sex, there is little research on maternity care among trafficking survivors. We explored health care needs, service use and challenges among women who became pregnant while in the trafficking situation in the United Kingdom (UK) and clinicians' perspectives of maternity care for trafficked persons. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey and qualitative interviews with trafficking survivors recruited from statutory and voluntary sector organisations in England and qualitative interviews with maternity clinicians and family doctors undertaken to offer further insight into experiences reported by these women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095121/survivors-voices-complex-needs-of-sex-trafficking-survivors-in-the-midwest
#12
Sriyani Tidball, Shireen S Rajaram
Human trafficking is a serious public health issue and has long-term physical, mental, social, and economic consequences for survivors, their families, and communities. The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 defines sex trafficking as a commercial sex act that is induced by force, fraud or coercion, or when a commercial sex act involves a person below 18 years of age. There is inadequate research from the perspectives of survivors. The purpose of this study was to gather data from survivors on their complex needs...
November 2, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027216/the-long-pentraxin-ptx3-a-prototypical-sensor-of-tissue-injury-and-a-regulator-of-homeostasis
#13
REVIEW
Marco Erreni, Angelo A Manfredi, Cecilia Garlanda, Alberto Mantovani, Patrizia Rovere-Querini
Tissue damage frequently occurs. The immune system senses it and enforces homeostatic responses that lead to regeneration and repair. The synthesis of acute phase molecules is emerging as a crucial event in this program. The prototypic long pentraxin PTX3 orchestrates the recruitment of leukocytes, stabilizes the provisional matrix in order to facilitate leukocyte and stem progenitor cells trafficking, promotes swift and safe clearance of dying cells and of autoantigens, limiting autoimmunity and protecting the vasculature...
November 2017: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024922/isolation-and-whole-genome-analysis-of-endospore-forming-bacteria-from-heroin
#14
Jörn Kalinowski, Björn Ahrens, Arwa Al-Dilaimi, Anika Winkler, Daniel Wibberg, Uwe Schleenbecker, Christian Rückert, Roman Wölfel, Gregor Grass
Infections caused by endospore-forming bacteria have been associated with severe illness and death among persons who inject drugs. Analysis of the bacteria residing in heroin has thus been biased towards species that affect human health. Similarly, exploration of the bacterial diversity of seized street market heroin correlated with the skin microflora of recreational heroin users insofar as different Staphylococus spp. or typical environmental endospore formers including Bacillus cereus and other Bacilli outside the B...
October 4, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966163/first-person-brandy-hyndman-and-mathieu-crupi
#15
(no author information available yet)
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Brandy Hyndman and Mathieu Crupi are co-first authors on 'Differential recruitment of E3 ubiquitin ligase complexes regulates RET isoform internalization', published in Journal of Cell Science. Brandy is a Research Associate and Mathieu is a PhD student, both in the lab of Dr Lois Mulligan at the Queen's University Cancer Research Institute in Kingston, ON, Canada, investigating the ubiquitylation and trafficking of RET receptor tyrosine kinase isoforms...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945674/trafficking-and-trauma-insight-and-advice-for-the-healthcare-system-from-sex-trafficked-women-incarcerated-on-rikers-island
#16
Anita Ravi, Megan R Pfeiffer, Zachary Rosner, Judy A Shea
BACKGROUND: Sex-trafficked persons experience significant trauma while exploited, resulting in complex health issues and barriers to health care. Incorporating survivor perspectives is critical in optimizing health care delivery for this population. OBJECTIVES: We interviewed sex-trafficking survivors regarding their experiences with trauma while being trafficked and elicited advice about health care delivery. RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative interviews were conducted in New York City's Rikers Island jail from July to September 2015...
December 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904806/do-clinicians-receive-adequate-training-to-identify-trafficked-persons-a-scoping-review-of-nhs-foundation-trusts
#17
Charles Dr Thompson, Arun Mahay, David Stuckler, Sarah Steele
OBJECTIVE: We investigate whether physicians in secondary care in the English NHS receive adequate training to recognise and appropriately refer for services those persons suspected to be victims of human trafficking. DESIGN: Freedom of Information requests were sent to the 105 England's NHS Trusts delivering acute care in England. SETTING: NHS Trusts providing secondary care in England. PARTICIPANTS: English NHS Trusts...
September 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833117/an-evidence-based-forensic-taxonomy-of-windows-phone-communication-apps
#18
Niken Dwi Wahyu Cahyani, Ben Martini, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo, Nurul Hidayah Ab Rahman, Helen Ashman
Communication apps can be an important source of evidence in a forensic investigation (e.g., in the investigation of a drug trafficking or terrorism case where the communications apps were used by the accused persons during the transactions or planning activities). This study presents the first evidence-based forensic taxonomy of Windows Phone communication apps, using an existing two-dimensional Android forensic taxonomy as a baseline. Specifically, 30 Windows Phone communication apps, including Instant Messaging (IM) and Voice over IP (VoIP) apps, are examined...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806461/talking-to-adolescents-about-social-media
#19
Rachel S Dawson
I see a large number of adolescents in my clinic with issues related to their social media use. These issues range from lack of sleep, to depression, to cyberbullying, and even sex trafficking, all secondary to constant social media exposure. Pediatricians should ask about social media use when they see children and adolescents who already have access to electronic devices. They should also ask parents about controls that are set in place to monitor social media use, content, and friend connections on those sites...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800810/international-emergency-psychiatry-challenges-disaster-medicine-war-human-trafficking-displaced-persons
#20
REVIEW
Michael Jaung, Suni Jani, Sophia Banu, Joy M Mackey
Mental health disorders are a major cause of morbidity and a growing burden in low-income and middle-income countries; but there is little existing literature on the detailed epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment in low-resource settings. Special situations with vulnerable populations, such as those created by international humanitarian emergencies, refugees or internally displaced people, and victims of human trafficking, are increasing in prevalence. These victims are often resettled in developed countries and come to the emergency department seeking care...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
keyword
keyword
81446
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"