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Enterococcus meningitis

Brian F Lich, Andrew K Conner, Joshua D Burks, Chad A Glenn, Michael E Sughrue
Background The use of intrathecal antibiotic therapy for the treatment of ventriculitis and/or meningitis has demonstrated efficacy especially when sterilization of the cerebrospinal fluid is not possible with intravenous antibiotics alone. Case Description We describe the successful treatment of Enterococcus faecalis ventriculitis utilizing intrathecal linezolid in a 32-year-old female patient with severe allergy to vancomycin, prohibitive bacterial susceptibilities, and failure of previous attempts to sterilize the cerebrospinal fluid despite multimodal treatment...
October 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Jun Hirai, Daisuke Sakanashi, Mao Hagihara, Shusaku Haranaga, Kohei Uechi, Hideo Kato, Hiroyuki Hamada, Naoya Nishiyama, Yusuke Koizumi, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Yuka Yamagishi, Jiro Fujita, Hiroshige Mikamo
Gene sequence analysis methods, including 16S rRNA identification, allows accurate identification of Streptococcus species, which include phenotypically closely related species that are difficult to differentiate using conventional chemical methods. We report a case of bacteremia due to Streptococcus tigurinus, identified by 16S rRNA, in a 72-year-old woman with gastrointestinal cancer and ascites. She was hospitalized to undergo elective tumor-related surgery. Five days prior to undergoing surgery, she developed a fever with no obvious source of infection...
November 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Ling-Yun Guo, Zhi-Xiao Zhang, Xi Wang, Ping-Ping Zhang, Wei Shi, Kai-Hu Yao, Lin-Lin Liu, Gang Liu, Yong-Hong Yang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical characteristics and analyze the pathogens of bacterial meningitis in children. METHODS: Bacterial meningitis cases occurring from January 2010 through December 2014 at Beijing Children's Hospital were reviewed retrospectively. The records of all patients, including data on clinical features and laboratory information, were obtained and analyzed. RESULTS: In total, the cases of 507 pediatric patients seen over a 5-year period were analyzed; 220 of these cases were etiologically confirmed...
September 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Valentina Stefanetti, Francesca Beccati, Fabrizio Passamonti, Elisa Sgariglia, Mauro Coletti, Matteo Vuerich, Maria Luisa Marenzoni
CASE DESCRIPTION A 3-month-old 180-kg (396-lb) Hanoverian colt was examined because of fever, lethargy, inappetence, drooping of the left ear, and stiff neck posture. Initial treatment included empirical antimicrobial treatment and NSAIDs. CLINICAL FINDINGS Initial findings were consistent with CNS anomalies. Endoscopy revealed hyperemia, ecchymosis, and some mucopurulent exudate in the right guttural pouch. Hematologic findings were consistent with neutrophilic inflammation. On the third day of hospitalization, severe neurologic signs were observed...
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Ha Son Nguyen, Andrew Foy, Peter Havens
BACKGROUND: Surgery is routinely recommended for lumbar lipomyelomeningocele, especially in the setting of tethered cord syndrome. The most common complications are wound infections and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, which remain confined to the surgical site. To the best of our knowledge, there have been no prior reports relating an intracranial subdural empyema following detethering surgery. Prompt diagnosis is essential since subdural empyema is a neurosurgical emergency. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was an 11-month-old male who underwent detethering surgery for a lumbar lipomyelomeningocele...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
Trisha Patel, Mark E Lewis, Michelle L Niesley, Mashiul Chowdhury
Infections from Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium are uncommon in the post-neurosurgical intervention setting., [1, 2, 3, 4] Intraventricular antibiotics are recommended when standard intravenous therapy fails. [5] Here we present a case of post-neurosurgical ventriculitis, meningitis, and cerebritis in an oncology patient caused by refractory Enterococcus faecalis successfully treated with intraventricular vancomycin.
May 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Po-Yi Paul Su, Steve Miller, Rachel Lena Rutishauser, Jennifer Babik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Infectious Diseases
Hacer Aktürk, Murat Sütçü, Ayper Somer, Serap Karaman, Manolya Acar, Ayşegül Ünüvar, Sema Anak, Zeynep Karakaş, Aslı Özdemir, Kutay Sarsar, Derya Aydın, Nuran Salman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical impact of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) colonization in patients with hematologic malignancies and associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients colonized and infected with VRE were identified from an institutional surveillance database between January 2010 and December 2013. A retrospective case-control study was performed to identify the risk factors associated with development of VRE infection in VRE-colonized patients...
September 5, 2016: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
Ma Guadalupe Aguilera-Arreola, Marcos Daniel Martínez-Peña, Fabiola Hernández-Martínez, Sara R Juárez Enriques, Beatriz Rico Verdín, Cristina Majalca-Martínez, Graciela Castro-Escarpulli, Enrique Albarrán-Fernández, S Cecilia Serrano-López
Administration of empirical antibiotic therapy prior to microbiological diagnosis is thought to be associated the failure of subsequent bacterial growth in culture. The aim of this study was to detect bacterial pathogens via direct amplification and sequencing of the 16S rDNA gene in samples showing negative culture results as alternative diagnostic tools to troubleshoot difficult samples. Twenty-three (7.66 %) positive samples were detected, most of which were monomicrobial infections; 15 of the cases were identified as HAIs, 6 had catheter colonisation, and 2 had sample colonisation...
2016: SpringerPlus
Rianna Leazer, Amy M Perkins, Kyrie Shomaker, Bryan Fine
CONTEXT: A change in the epidemiology of pathogens causing serious bacterial infection (SBI) has been noted since original recommendations were made for the empirical antibiotic choices for young infants with fever. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of SBI caused by Listeria monocytogenes and Enterococcus species. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted on keywords related to SBI, L. monocytogenes, and Enterococcus spp. infections...
April 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
William Morello, Claudio La Scola, Irene Alberici, Giovanni Montini
Acute pyelonephritis is one of the most serious bacterial illnesses during childhood. Escherichia coli is responsible in most cases, however other organisms including Klebsiella, Enterococcus, Enterobacter, Proteus, and Pseudomonas species are being more frequently isolated. In infants, who are at major risk of complications such as sepsis and meningitis, symptoms are ambiguous and fever is not always useful in identifying those at high risk. A diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis is initially made on the basis of urinalysis; dipstick tests for nitrites and/or leukocyte esterase are the most accurate indicators of infection...
August 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Lorenzo Zammarchi, Francesca Montagnani, Giacinta Tordini, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Zeno Bisoffi, Alessandro Bartoloni, Andrea De Luca
We describe a case of persistent strongyloidiasis complicated by recurrent meningitis, in a human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) seropositive Peruvian migrant adult resettled in Italy. He was admitted with signs and symptoms of acute bacterial meningitis, reporting four other meningitis episodes in the past 6 years, with an etiological diagnosis of Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecium in two cases. He had been previously treated with several antihelmintic regimens not including ivermectin, without eradication of strongyloidiasis, and he had never been tested for HTLV before...
June 2015: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Joseph B Cantey, Eduardo Lopez-Medina, Sean Nguyen, Christopher Doern, Carla Garcia
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the causative agents of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in young infants and the optimal approach to empiric antibiotic therapy for infants with SBI. METHODS: From May 1, 2011, to December 1, 2013, pertinent clinical data were collected on previously well infants 60 days or younger with SBI as defined by a positive bacterial culture from a sterile site. Infants were identified by prospective surveillance of admissions and daily review of microbiology records...
August 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Minli Zhu, Qianhong Hu, Jingyun Mai, Zhenlang Lin
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical characteristics, pathogenic bacteria, and antibiotics resistance of neonatal purulent meningitis in order to provide the guide for early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. METHOD: A retrospective review was performed and a total of 112 cases of neonatal purulent meningitis (male 64, female 58) were identified in the neonatal intensive care unit of Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University seen from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2013...
January 2015: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Nasrin Khalessi, Ladan Afsharkhas
OBJECTIVE: Neonates are at greater risk for sepsis and meningitis than other ages and in spite of rapid diagnoses of pathogens and treatments, they still contribute to complications and mortality. This study determines risk factors, causes, and neurologic complications of neonatal meningitis in hospitalized neonates. MATERIAL & METHODS: In this descriptive, cross sectional study, we evaluated 415 neonates with sepsis and meningitis admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at our center between 2008 and 2012...
2014: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
A Morgenstern Isaak, A Bach Faig, S Martínez, A Martín-Nalda, E Vázquez Méndez, F Pumarola Segura, P Soler-Palacín
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent meningitis is a rare disease. Anatomical abnormalities and immunodeficiency states are predisposing factors. Four cases, in which immunodeficiency was excluded, are presented. The causal microorganism led to the detection of the anatomical defect responsible for the recurrences. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 4 cases with clinical diagnosis of recurrent bacterial meningitis. RESULTS: Case 1: a thirty month-old boy with unilateral hearing loss, diagnosed with Mondini abnormality by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after 2 episodes of Haemophilus influenzae meningitis...
June 2015: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Naho Ikeda, Hiroki Suganuma, Natsuki Ohkawa, Satoru Nagata, Hiromichi Shoji, Toshiaki Shimizu
Enterococcus faecalis is rarely involved in neonatal meningitis. Several studies have indicated that the cytokines related to bacterial infection may induce nerve cell damage; therefore, the cytokine levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) could represent a valuable hallmark for rapid recognition of the disease and evaluation of the degree of neurological involvement. We analyzed cytokine levels in the CSF of a neonate with E. faecalis meningitis over time. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) tended to be elevated during the acute phase of infection, and then decreased during the convalescent stage after treatment...
August 2014: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Davood Yadegarynia, Latif Gachkar, Alireza Fatemi, Alireza Zali, Niloufar Nobari, Mitra Asoodeh, Zahra Parsaieyan
BACKGROUND: The rates of postneurosurgical infections, particularly meningitis and the most common pathogens have been reported variable during the recent years. The aim of this research was to determine the prevalence of postneurosurgical meningitis and its current spectrum of infectious agent. METHODS: In a descriptive study, the postneurosurgical patients' cerebrospinal fluid was cultured on blood and MacConkey agar plates and evaluated at Microbiology Laboratory...
2014: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Asif Najmuddin, Sarah Hadique, John Parker
Strongyloidiasis is a major global health challenge that is often underestimated in many countries. In immuno-compromised hosts, an autoinfection can go unchecked with large numbers of invasive Strongyloides larvae disseminating widely and causing hyperinfection, with fatal consequences. This review will highlight a case of gram negative bacteremia complicated by meningitis and Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) as a fatal outcome of Strongyloides hyperinfection, commonly known to occur in the setting of immunosuppression...
January 2012: West Virginia Medical Journal
Chen Chen, Bingyan Zhang, Shenglei Yu, Feng Sun, Qiaoling Ruan, Wenhong Zhang, Lingyun Shao, Shu Chen
BACKGROUND: Meningitis after neurosurgery can result in severe morbidity and high mortality. Incidence varies among regions and limited data are focused on meningitis after major craniotomy. AIM: This retrospective cohort study aimed to determine the incidence, risk factors and microbiological spectrum of postcraniotomy meningitis in a large clinical center of Neurosurgery in China. METHODS: Patients who underwent neurosurgeries at the Department of Neurosurgery in Huashan Hospital, the largest neurosurgery center in Asia and the Pacific, between 1st January and 31st December, 2008 were selected...
2014: PloS One
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