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Enterococcus meningitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109928/ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-associated-vancomycin-resistant-meningitis-complicating-a-patient-undergoing-plasmapheresis-for-presumed-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-associated-transverse-myelitis
#1
Adam John Covach, William Nicholas Rose
Objectives  We report a patient who had a working diagnosis of transverse myelitis secondary to a lupus exacerbation. As his clinical course evolved, continued vigilance clarified that he was in fact suffering from a nosocomial infection caused by vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE). Methods  We performed a retrospective review of the patient's medical record. Results  Despite radiographic improvement, he did not improve clinically following immunosuppressive therapy including plasma exchange. Once meningitis was diagnosed and treated, he improved rapidly...
October 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059358/daptomycin
#2
Mohsen Heidary, Azar Dohkt Khosravi, Saeed Khoshnood, Mohammad Javad Nasiri, Saleh Soleimani, Mehdi Goudarzi
Daptomycin is a cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic used for the treatment of Gram-positive infections including complicated skin and skin structure infections, right-sided infective endocarditis, bacteraemia, meningitis, sepsis and urinary tract infections. Daptomycin has distinct mechanisms of action, disrupting multiple aspects of cell membrane function and inhibiting protein, DNA and RNA synthesis. Although daptomycin resistance in Gram-positive bacteria is uncommon, there are increasing reports of daptomycin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634536/telavancin-a-novel-semisynthetic-lipoglycopeptide-agent-to-counter-the-challenge-of-resistant-gram-positive-pathogens
#3
REVIEW
Biswadeep Das, Chayna Sarkar, Debasmita Das, Amit Gupta, Arnav Kalra, Shubham Sahni
Telavancin (TD-6424), a semisynthetic lipoglycopeptide vancomycin-derivative, is a novel antimicrobial agent developed by Theravance for overcoming resistant Gram-positive bacterial infections, specifically methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) had approved telavancin in 2009 for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSIs) caused by Gram-positive bacteria, including MRSA (S. aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus anginosus group, or Enterococcus faecalis)...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439602/antibiogram-profile-of-septic-meningitis-among-children-in-duhok-iraq
#4
Abdulrahman T Saadi, Nadir A Garjees, Aveen H Rasool
  To determine the prevalence of bacteria in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and the antibiogram profile in pediatric patients with suspected meningitis. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted between January 2014 and January 2016 in the Hevi Paediatric Teaching Hospital in Duhok, Iraq. The CSF samples were withdrawn from 432 pediatric patients suspected of meningitis. The samples were cultured, and antibiotic sensitivity tests were performed.  Results: There were 33 (7.6%) culture positive cases among 432 CSF samples...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348798/primary-pyogenic-ventriculitis-caused-by-neisseria-meningitidis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Firza Gronthoud, Ibrahim Hassan, Pippa Newton
Background. Pyogenic ventriculitis is a well-known complication of meningitis, brain abscesses and intraventricular drains. Primary pyogenic ventriculitis is a rare entity and few cases have been described so far. We report the first case of primary pyogenic ventriculitis in an adult caused by Neisseria meningitidis and present an overview of all reported adult primary pyogenic ventriculitis cases in the English literature. Methods. A PubMed search was performed using the terms ependymitis, ventricular empyema, pyocephalus and ventriculitis...
January 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867829/intrathecal-intraventricular-linezolid-in-multidrug-resistant-enterococcus-faecalis-ventriculitis
#6
Brian F Lich, Andrew K Conner, Joshua D Burks, Chad A Glenn, Michael E Sughrue
Background The use of intrathecal antibiotic therapy for the treatment of ventriculitis and/or meningitis has demonstrated efficacy especially when sterilization of the cerebrospinal fluid is not possible with intravenous antibiotics alone. Case Description We describe the successful treatment of Enterococcus faecalis ventriculitis utilizing intrathecal linezolid in a 32-year-old female patient with severe allergy to vancomycin, prohibitive bacterial susceptibilities, and failure of previous attempts to sterilize the cerebrospinal fluid despite multimodal treatment...
October 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460295/bacteremia-due-to-streptococcus-tigurinus-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Jun Hirai, Daisuke Sakanashi, Mao Hagihara, Shusaku Haranaga, Kohei Uechi, Hideo Kato, Hiroyuki Hamada, Naoya Nishiyama, Yusuke Koizumi, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Yuka Yamagishi, Jiro Fujita, Hiroshige Mikamo
Gene sequence analysis methods, including 16S rRNA identification, allows accurate identification of Streptococcus species, which include phenotypically closely related species that are difficult to differentiate using conventional chemical methods. We report a case of bacteremia due to Streptococcus tigurinus, identified by 16S rRNA, in a 72-year-old woman with gastrointestinal cancer and ascites. She was hospitalized to undergo elective tumor-related surgery. Five days prior to undergoing surgery, she developed a fever with no obvious source of infection...
November 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452172/clinical-and-pathogenic-analysis-of-507-children-with-bacterial-meningitis-in-beijing-2010-2014
#8
Ling-Yun Guo, Zhi-Xiao Zhang, Xi Wang, Ping-Ping Zhang, Wei Shi, Kai-Hu Yao, Lin-Lin Liu, Gang Liu, Yong-Hong Yang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical characteristics and analyze the pathogens of bacterial meningitis in children. METHODS: Bacterial meningitis cases occurring from January 2010 through December 2014 at Beijing Children's Hospital were reviewed retrospectively. The records of all patients, including data on clinical features and laboratory information, were obtained and analyzed. RESULTS: In total, the cases of 507 pediatric patients seen over a 5-year period were analyzed; 220 of these cases were etiologically confirmed...
September 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308888/detection-and-dna-quantification-of-enterococcus-casseliflavus-in-a-foal-with-septic-meningitis
#9
Valentina Stefanetti, Francesca Beccati, Fabrizio Passamonti, Elisa Sgariglia, Mauro Coletti, Matteo Vuerich, Maria Luisa Marenzoni
CASE DESCRIPTION A 3-month-old 180-kg (396-lb) Hanoverian colt was examined because of fever, lethargy, inappetence, drooping of the left ear, and stiff neck posture. Initial treatment included empirical antimicrobial treatment and NSAIDs. CLINICAL FINDINGS Initial findings were consistent with CNS anomalies. Endoscopy revealed hyperemia, ecchymosis, and some mucopurulent exudate in the right guttural pouch. Hematologic findings were consistent with neutrophilic inflammation. On the third day of hospitalization, severe neurologic signs were observed...
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274400/intracranial-subdural-empyema-after-surgery-for-lumbar-lipomyelomeningocele-a-rare-complication
#10
Ha Son Nguyen, Andrew Foy, Peter Havens
BACKGROUND: Surgery is routinely recommended for lumbar lipomyelomeningocele, especially in the setting of tethered cord syndrome. The most common complications are wound infections and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, which remain confined to the surgical site. To the best of our knowledge, there have been no prior reports relating an intracranial subdural empyema following detethering surgery. Prompt diagnosis is essential since subdural empyema is a neurosurgical emergency. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was an 11-month-old male who underwent detethering surgery for a lumbar lipomyelomeningocele...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27226704/postneurosurgical-central-nervous-system-infection-due-to-enterococcus-faecalis-successfully-treated-with-intraventricular-vancomycin
#11
Trisha Patel, Mark E Lewis, Michelle L Niesley, Mashiul Chowdhury
Infections from Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium are uncommon in the post-neurosurgical intervention setting., [1, 2, 3, 4] Intraventricular antibiotics are recommended when standard intravenous therapy fails. [5] Here we present a case of post-neurosurgical ventriculitis, meningitis, and cerebritis in an oncology patient caused by refractory Enterococcus faecalis successfully treated with intraventricular vancomycin.
May 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097275/broad-range-pcr-for-early-diagnosis-of-nosocomial-enterococcus-gallinarum-meningitis
#12
Po-Yi Paul Su, Steve Miller, Rachel Lena Rutishauser, Jennifer Babik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094847/results-of-four-year-rectal-vancomycin-resistant-enterococci-surveillance-in-a-pediatric-hematology-oncology-ward-from-colonization-to-infection
#13
Hacer Aktürk, Murat Sütçü, Ayper Somer, Serap Karaman, Manolya Acar, Ayşegül Ünüvar, Sema Anak, Zeynep Karakaş, Aslı Özdemir, Kutay Sarsar, Derya Aydın, Nuran Salman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical impact of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) colonization in patients with hematologic malignancies and associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients colonized and infected with VRE were identified from an institutional surveillance database between January 2010 and December 2013. A retrospective case-control study was performed to identify the risk factors associated with development of VRE infection in VRE-colonized patients...
September 5, 2016: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065040/cultivation-independent-approach-for-the-direct-detection-of-bacteria-in-human-clinical-specimens-as-a-tool-for-analysing-culture-negative-samples-a-prospective-study
#14
Ma Guadalupe Aguilera-Arreola, Marcos Daniel Martínez-Peña, Fabiola Hernández-Martínez, Sara R Juárez Enriques, Beatriz Rico Verdín, Cristina Majalca-Martínez, Graciela Castro-Escarpulli, Enrique Albarrán-Fernández, S Cecilia Serrano-López
Administration of empirical antibiotic therapy prior to microbiological diagnosis is thought to be associated the failure of subsequent bacterial growth in culture. The aim of this study was to detect bacterial pathogens via direct amplification and sequencing of the 16S rDNA gene in samples showing negative culture results as alternative diagnostic tools to troubleshoot difficult samples. Twenty-three (7.66 %) positive samples were detected, most of which were monomicrobial infections; 15 of the cases were identified as HAIs, 6 had catheter colonisation, and 2 had sample colonisation...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26980752/a-meta-analysis-of-the-rates-of-listeria-monocytogenes-and-enterococcus-in-febrile-infants
#15
REVIEW
Rianna Leazer, Amy M Perkins, Kyrie Shomaker, Bryan Fine
CONTEXT: A change in the epidemiology of pathogens causing serious bacterial infection (SBI) has been noted since original recommendations were made for the empirical antibiotic choices for young infants with fever. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of SBI caused by Listeria monocytogenes and Enterococcus species. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted on keywords related to SBI, L. monocytogenes, and Enterococcus spp. infections...
April 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26238274/acute-pyelonephritis-in-children
#16
REVIEW
William Morello, Claudio La Scola, Irene Alberici, Giovanni Montini
Acute pyelonephritis is one of the most serious bacterial illnesses during childhood. Escherichia coli is responsible in most cases, however other organisms including Klebsiella, Enterococcus, Enterobacter, Proteus, and Pseudomonas species are being more frequently isolated. In infants, who are at major risk of complications such as sepsis and meningitis, symptoms are ambiguous and fever is not always useful in identifying those at high risk. A diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis is initially made on the basis of urinalysis; dipstick tests for nitrites and/or leukocyte esterase are the most accurate indicators of infection...
August 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25846292/persistent-strongyloidiasis-complicated-by-recurrent-meningitis-in-an-htlv-seropositive-peruvian-migrant-resettled-in-italy
#17
Lorenzo Zammarchi, Francesca Montagnani, Giacinta Tordini, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Zeno Bisoffi, Alessandro Bartoloni, Andrea De Luca
We describe a case of persistent strongyloidiasis complicated by recurrent meningitis, in a human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) seropositive Peruvian migrant adult resettled in Italy. He was admitted with signs and symptoms of acute bacterial meningitis, reporting four other meningitis episodes in the past 6 years, with an etiological diagnosis of Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecium in two cases. He had been previously treated with several antihelmintic regimens not including ivermectin, without eradication of strongyloidiasis, and he had never been tested for HTLV before...
June 2015: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25822235/empiric-antibiotics-for-serious-bacterial-infection-in-young-infants-opportunities-for-stewardship
#18
Joseph B Cantey, Eduardo Lopez-Medina, Sean Nguyen, Christopher Doern, Carla Garcia
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the causative agents of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in young infants and the optimal approach to empiric antibiotic therapy for infants with SBI. METHODS: From May 1, 2011, to December 1, 2013, pertinent clinical data were collected on previously well infants 60 days or younger with SBI as defined by a positive bacterial culture from a sterile site. Infants were identified by prospective surveillance of admissions and daily review of microbiology records...
August 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25748405/-analysis-of-pathogenic-bacteria-and-drug-resistance-in-neonatal-purulent-meningitis
#19
Minli Zhu, Qianhong Hu, Jingyun Mai, Zhenlang Lin
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical characteristics, pathogenic bacteria, and antibiotics resistance of neonatal purulent meningitis in order to provide the guide for early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. METHOD: A retrospective review was performed and a total of 112 cases of neonatal purulent meningitis (male 64, female 58) were identified in the neonatal intensive care unit of Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University seen from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2013...
January 2015: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25657770/neonatal-meningitis-risk-factors-causes-and-neurologic-complications
#20
Nasrin Khalessi, Ladan Afsharkhas
OBJECTIVE: Neonates are at greater risk for sepsis and meningitis than other ages and in spite of rapid diagnoses of pathogens and treatments, they still contribute to complications and mortality. This study determines risk factors, causes, and neurologic complications of neonatal meningitis in hospitalized neonates. MATERIAL & METHODS: In this descriptive, cross sectional study, we evaluated 415 neonates with sepsis and meningitis admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at our center between 2008 and 2012...
2014: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
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