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Adolescents sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024824/body-mass-index-and-fitness-in-high-functioning-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-what-happened-over-a-decade
#1
Maremka Zwinkels, Tim Takken, Thijs Ruyten, Anne Visser-Meily, Olaf Verschuren
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, improving fitness has become an important goal in rehabilitation medicine in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). AIMS: To compare body mass index (BMI), performance-related fitness, and cardiorespiratory fitness of children with CP measured in 2014 with a comparable sample from 2004. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In total, 25 high-functioning children with CP (i.e., GMFCS I-II) measured in 2004 (13 boys; mean age 13...
October 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989074/safety-of-active-rehabilitation-for-persistent-symptoms-after-pediatric-sport-related-concussion-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Catherine Chan, Grant L Iverson, Jacqueline Purtzki, Kathy Wong, Vivian Kwan, Isabelle Gagnon, Noah D Silverberg
OBJECTIVE: To examine the safety and tolerability of an active rehabilitation program for adolescents who are slow to recover from a sport-related concussion. A secondary objective was to estimate the treatment effect for this intervention. DESIGN: Single-site parallel open-label randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing treatment as usual (TAU) to TAU plus active rehabilitation. SETTING: Outpatient concussion clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents aged 12-18 with postconcussion symptoms lasting >1 month after a sports-related concussion...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987451/smoking-prevention-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-individualized-interventions
#3
REVIEW
Lindsay R Duncan, Erin S Pearson, Ralph Maddison
OBJECTIVE: This study systematically reviewed the literature to determine what type of cognitive-behavioral based interventions administered outside of formal school settings effectively prevent smoking initiation among children and adolescents. METHODS: Applying the PRISMA guidelines we searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINHAL, Pub Med, SCOPUS, and Sport Discus. Article review, data extraction, and assessment of risk of bias were conducted by two independent reviewers...
September 21, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977318/lifestyle-indicators-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adolescents
#4
Eduardo Rossato de Victo, Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, João Pedro da Silva, Timóteo Leandro Araújo, Victor Keihan Rodrigues Matsudo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the lifestyle indicators associated with cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescents from Ilhabela, São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The sample consisted of 181 adolescents (53% male) from the Mixed Longitudinal Project on Growth, Development, and Physical Fitness of Ilhabela. Body composition (weight, height, and body mass index, or BMI), school transportation, time spent sitting, physical activity, sports, television time (TV), having a TV in the bedroom, sleep, health perception, diet, and economic status (ES) were analyzed...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977134/exergames-as-a-tool-for-the-acquisition-and-development-of-motor-skills-and-abilities-a-systematic-review
#5
Pâmella de Medeiros, Renata Capistrano, Marcela Almeida Zequinão, Siomara Aparecida da Silva, Thais Silva Beltrame, Fernando Luiz Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the literature on the effectiveness of exergames in physical education classes and in the acquisition and development of motor skills and abilities. DATA SOURCE: The analyses were carried out by two independent evaluators, limited to English and Portuguese, in four databases: Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus and PubMed, without restrictions related with year. The keywords used were: "Exergames and motor learning and motor skill" and "Exergames and motor skill and physical education"...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971855/cluster-randomised-control-trial-for-cricket-injury-prevention-programme-cipp-a-protocol-paper
#6
Najeebullah Soomro, Nina Chua, Jonathan Freeston, Rene E D Ferdinands, Ross Sanders
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention programmes (IPPs) are effective in reducing injuries among adolescent team sports. However, there is no validated cricket-specific IPP despite the high incidence of musculoskeletal injuries among amateur cricketers. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a cricket injury prevention programme (CIPP) as a pretraining warm-up or post-training cool-down can reduce injury rates in amateur cricket players. METHODS: CIPP is a cluster randomised controlled trial which includes 36 male amateur club teams having cricket players aged 14-40 years to be randomly assigned to three study arms: warm-up, cool-down and control (n=12 teams, 136 players in each arm)...
September 28, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969286/traumatic-dental-injuries-prevalence-and-their-impact-on-self-esteem-among-adolescents-in-india-a-comparative-study
#7
Nikita Goyal, Simarpreet Singh, Anmol Mathur, Diljot Kaur Makkar, Vikram Pal Aggarwal, Anshika Sharma, Puneet Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents are mostly injured during sport activities, traffic accidents and some forms of violence which may lead to traumatic injuries. Traumatic injuries not only pose a health risk worldwide but are also regarded among serious social problems. Poor oral health has been related to poor social relationships that affect the ability to learn and grow which may lead to reduced self-esteem. AIM: This study was conducted to compare self-esteem of adolescents with and without anterior Traumatic Dental Injury (TDI)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967339/increased-substance-use-and-poorer-mental-health-in-adolescents-with-problematic-musculoskeletal-pain
#8
Nicola McLaren, Steven J Kamper, Rebecca Hodder, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden, Jennifer Bowman, Elizabeth Campbell, Julia Dray, Christopher M Williams
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background Adolescents with musculoskeletal pain are thought to be at greater risk of modifiable health risk behaviors, but little is known about these behaviors in adolescents with problematic pain. Objective To describe the prevalence of substance use (tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and illicit drugs) and poor mental health in adolescents with problematic musculoskeletal pain, compared to those without such pain. Methods Data on self-reported pain, substance use, and poor mental health were collected from 1831 year 9 students (age range, 14-16 years)...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967338/lumbar-spine-osteomyelitis-in-an-adolescent-girl-with-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#9
Christopher M Wall, Mark V Paterno, Peter F Sturm
A 13-year-old adolescent girl presented to the emergency department with low back pain of acute onset after bending forward. Lumbar spine radiographs were taken and found to be unremarkable, and the patient was referred to physical therapy. Following examination, the patient was referred to her physician for a suspected nonmechanical cause. Magnetic resonance imaging assessment revealed L3-4 discitis, with osteomyelitis extending into the adjacent right iliopsoas muscle. Further testing and bone biopsy confirmed osteomyelitis...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967337/musculoskeletal-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-a-way-forward
#10
Steven J Kamper, Christopher M Williams
There are substantial gaps in our understanding of musculoskeletal pain in children and adolescents. While there are challenges to performing research in this space, the prevalence, burden, and lack of available evidence to inform clinical practice mean that overcoming these challenges is important. The editors see the collection of work in this special issue as a step in the right direction. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(10):702-704. doi:10.2519/jospt.2017.0109.
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967336/a-broader-perspective-of-musculoskeletal-conditions-in-children
#11
Christopher M Williams, Steven J Kamper
Musculoskeletal conditions are responsible for a significant disability burden, and recent data show that this is also the case for children and adolescents. Importantly, though, musculoskeletal conditions rarely occur in isolation; they often coexist with other health issues. There is potentially great benefit of an approach to research and practice that considers musculoskeletal pain in children and adolescents from a broader perspective. Considering the role of musculoskeletal pain in the broader picture of child and adolescent health offers new perspectives for researchers and clinicians in the public health and clinical fields...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964824/spine-kinematics-exhibited-during-the-stop-jump-by-physically-active-individuals-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-and-spinal-fusion
#12
Rumit Singh Kakar, Yumeng Li, Cathleen N Brown, Seock-Ho Kim, Timothy S Oswald, Kathy J Simpson
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: After spinal fusion, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis individuals (SF-AIS) often return to exercise and sport. However, the movements SF-AIS use to compensate for the loss of spinal flexibility during high-effort tasks are not known. PURPOSE: To compare, between SF-AIS and healthy controls (CON) groups, the spinal kinematics of the trunk segments displayed during the stop-jump, a maximal effort task. STUDY DESIGN: Case Controlled design METHODS: Ten SF-AIS (physically active; posterior-approach spinal fusion: 11...
September 27, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963803/resting-metabolic-rate-of-indian-junior-soccer-players-testing-agreement-between-measured-versus-selected-predictive-equations
#13
Keren Susan Cherian, Faaiza Shahkar, Ashok Sainoji, Nagalla Balakrishna, Venkata Ramana Yagnambhatt
OBJECTIVES: Owing to a dearth of research related to Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) among adolescent athletes in India, our study aimed to document RMR among junior soccer players (JSP) and to identify suitable RMR predictive models for JSP from nine existing equations. METHODS: Forty Indian JSP (Boys = 21, Girls = 19) representing the under-12 and under-16 age categories were assessed for body composition (skinfold technique) and RMR (oxycon mobile). Two-way ANOVA and ANCOVA were used to examine the differences across age and sex...
September 30, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963384/simultaneous-combined-complete-tear-of-radial-and-ulnar-collateral-ligaments-of-thumb-in-an-adolescent
#14
Anil K Bhat, Prajwal Prabhudev Mane, Ashwath Acharya, Sandesh Madi
Isolated tear of collateral ligaments of thumb are common but combined injuries of both radial and ulnar collateral ligaments are rare. These cases are reported in athletes involved in high-impact sports. Here, we report a case of a 15-year-old boy with pain at base of the thumb and instability following low-impact sporting activity. On subsequent clinicoradiological assessment, simultaneous combined complete tear of both radial and ulnar collateral ligaments of the thumb was noted. Delayed primary repair of both collateral ligaments was done...
September 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962956/call-to-action-a-study-to-determine-the-etiology-of-catastrophic-brain-injuries-in-high-impact-sporting-activities-within-the-adolescent-population
#15
Vimal Patel, Julian E Bailes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961710/the-age-variable-in-childhood-concussion-management-a-systematic-review
#16
Rosemarie Scolaro Moser, Gavin A Davis, Philip Schatz
Background: Sports-related concussion in young children has become a significant international public health issue. This paper reviews the research literature in an effort to shed light on the question, "At what age should young children be managed differently than adults or older adolescents?" Method: A systematic review, registered with PROSPERO and using PRISMA guidelines, was conducted rendering 37 sports concussion original research studies that examined age as a variable (5-18 years), and which met specific inclusion/exclusion criteria...
August 31, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958780/differential-impacts-of-participation-in-organized-activities-and-maltreatment-types-on-adolescent-academic-and-socioemotional-development
#17
Yoonyoung Kwak, Brittany Mihalec-Adkins, Aura A Mishra, Sharon L Christ
Participation in organized activities has been largely regarded as beneficial for academic and socioemotional development for adolescents, but the impacts of various types of organized activities for adolescents at risk for maltreatment have been rarely tested. In this study, we investigated the differential impacts of five types of maltreatment exposure (physical maltreatment, sexual maltreatment, neglect, other type, and multiple types) on the associations between four types of organized activities (mentored groups, art and music clubs, sport clubs, and academic clubs) and academic and socioemotional development (school engagement, delinquency, depressive symptoms, and trauma symptoms) of adolescents who were investigated by Child Protective Services (CPS) for maltreatment exposure...
September 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958664/faster-stronger-healthier-adolescent-stated-reasons-for-dietary-supplementation
#18
Katja Zdešar Kotnik, Gregor Jurak, Gregor Starc, Petra Golja
OBJECTIVE: Examine the underlying reasons and sources of recommendation for dietary supplement (DS) use among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of children's development in Slovenia in September to October, 2014. SETTING: Nationally recruited sample. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents aged 14-19 years enrolled in 15 high schools (n = 1,463). VARIABLES MEASURED: Reasons for and sources of recommendation for DS use, sports club membership, sports discipline, and extent of physical activity (PA) were self-reported data...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952852/effects-of-self-myofascial-release-on-shoulder-function-and-perception-in-adolescent-tennis-players
#19
Julien Le Gal, Mickael Begon, Benoit Gillet, Isabelle Rogowski
CONTEXT: Tennis induces a decreased internal rotation range of motion at the dominant glenohumeral joint. The effects of self-myofascial release have not yet been investigated to restore glenohumeral range of motion. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating the effects of self-myofascial release on the shoulder function and perception in adolescent tennis players. DESIGN: Test-retest design. SETTING: Tennis training sport facilities...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951440/a-sports-based-youth-development-program-teen-mental-health-and-physical-fitness-an-rct
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Lobo Hung Tak Louie, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Ko Ling Chan, Agnes Tiwari, Chun Bong Chow, Walter Ho, William Wong, Meanne Chan, Eric Yu Hai Chen, Yiu Fai Cheung, Patrick Ip
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a positive youth development (PYD)-based sports mentorship program on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents recruited in a community setting. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial in which we recruited students from 12 secondary schools in Hong Kong, China. Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to an intervention or a control arm after stratification for school from October 2013 to June 2014...
October 2017: Pediatrics
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