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Adolescents sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662910/outcomes-and-return-to-sport-after-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-adolescent-athletes
#1
Michael Saper, Stephanie Pearce, Joseph Shung, Robert Zondervan, Roger Ostrander, James R Andrews
Background: The number of adolescent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries is rising with increased participation in higher level athletics at earlier ages. With an increasing number of primary ACL reconstructions (ACLRs) comes a rise in the incidence of revision ACLRs. Purpose: To evaluate the clinical results of revision ACLR across a group of high-level adolescent athletes with at least 2-year follow-up. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648936/the-importance-of-adolescents-participation-in-organized-sport-according-to-vo-2-peak-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Pål Lagestad, Ingar Mehus
Research from several countries has documented a decline in physical activity (PA) levels and in participation in organized sport with increasing age, indicating that organized sport may be of importance to adolescents' cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine how regular participation in organized and unorganized PA affected the development of adolescents' CRF (peak oxygen consumption [VO2 peak]), when controlled for sex interaction. METHOD: Data on direct measures of VO2 peak and participation in organized PA among adolescents organized into 3 groups (participation in organized sport, participation in unorganized PA, and no weekly PA) were collected from 76 students (39 boys and 37 girls), when they were aged 14 and 19 years old...
April 12, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648924/operative-treatment-of-isolated-meniscus-injuries-in-adolescent-patients-a-meta-analysis-and-review
#3
Gina M Mosich, Virginia Lieu, Edward Ebramzadeh, Jennifer J Beck
CONTEXT: With the rise in sports participation and increased athleticism in the adolescent population, there is an ever-growing need to better understand adolescent meniscus pathology and treatment. OBJECTIVE: To better understand the operative management of meniscus tears in the adolescent population. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of PubMed (MEDLINE) and Google Scholar was performed for all archived years. STUDY SELECTION: Studies that reported on isolated meniscus tears in adolescent patients (age, 10-19 years) were included...
April 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648462/a-systematic-review-of-neuroimaging-findings-in-children-and-adolescents-with-sports-related-concussion
#4
Emilie Chamard, Jonathan D Lichtenstein
BACKGROUND: Sport-related concussion (SRC) generally does not result in structural anomalies revealed through clinical imaging techniques such as MRI and CT. While advanced neuroimaging techniques offer another avenue to investigate the subtle alterations following SRC, the current pediatric literature in this area has yet to be reviewed. The aim of this review is to systematically explore the literature on magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and cortical thickness following SRC in children and adolescents...
April 12, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643054/wearable-activity-tracker-use-among-australian-adolescents-usability-and-acceptability-study
#5
Nicola D Ridgers, Anna Timperio, Helen Brown, Kylie Ball, Susie Macfarlane, Samuel K Lai, Kara Richards, Kelly A Mackintosh, Melitta A McNarry, Megan Foster, Jo Salmon
BACKGROUND: Wearable activity trackers have the potential to be integrated into physical activity interventions, yet little is known about how adolescents use these devices or perceive their acceptability. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the usability and acceptability of a wearable activity tracker among adolescents. A secondary aim was to determine adolescents' awareness and use of the different functions and features in the wearable activity tracker and accompanying app...
April 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628891/training-load-immune-status-and-clinical-outcomes-in-young-athletes-a-controlled-prospective-longitudinal-study
#6
Katharina Blume, Nina Körber, Dieter Hoffmann, Bernd Wolfarth
Introduction: Beside positive effects on athlete's health, competitive sport can be linked with an increased risk of illness and injury. Because of high relative increases in training, additional physical and psychological strains, and an earlier specialization and professionalization, adolescent athletes needs an increased attention. Training can alter the immune system by inducing a temporary immunosuppression, finally developing infection symptoms. Previous studies identified Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) as potential indicator for the immune status...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628708/management-of-displaced-midshaft-clavicle-fractures-in-adolescent-patients-using-intramedullary-flexible-nails-a-case-series
#7
Emmanuel D Eisenstein, Jennifer J Misenhimer, Ahmed Kotb, Ahmed M Thabet, Amr A Abdelgawad
Introduction: Clavicle fractures are common injuries in adolescent patients. In this study we present our technique and results for treating non-comminuted displaced midshaft clavicle fractures using flexible intra medullary nails. Methods: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data using the electronic medical record was performed. Adolescent patients presenting to a level one pediatric trauma center with acute displaced non comminuted clavicular shaft fractures who were treated with intra medullary flexible nails were included in this study...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625732/healthcare-use-patterns-and-economic-burden-of-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-in-children-before-diagnosis
#8
Frances Tian, Patsy Guittar, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Gloria Higgins, Stacy P Ardoin, Charles H Spencer, Karla Jones, Bethanne Thomas, Shoghik Akoghlanian, Sharon Bout-Tabaku
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the healthcare use and costs of amplified musculoskeletal pain syndrome (AMPS) in children before diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study in children with AMPS at a pediatric rheumatology clinic between 2010 and 2014. Data were abstracted on 80 patients after primary rheumatic diseases were excluded. Healthcare visits, medications and diagnostic testing that occurred in the years before diagnosis were collected. The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey was used to estimate visit costs...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622262/editorial-commentary-shoulder-instability-outcome-reporting-requires-standardization
#9
EDITORIAL
Mininder S Kocher
A recent review highlights outcomes reported after arthroscopic anterior shoulder instability repair in adolescents and shows great variability in the reporting of outcome in terms of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), recurrence, return to sport, satisfaction, pain, and physical examination findings. These findings highlight the importance of more standardized outcome reporting including using consistent measures between studies, using validated PROMs, and using age-appropriate PROMs.
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621016/impact-normative-data-of-ethnically-diverse-adolescent-athletes
#10
William T Tsushima, Vincent G Tsushima, Nathan M Murata
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to develop preliminary norms for the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) administered to a large sample of adolescent athletes from diverse ethnic backgrounds. DESIGN: A retrospective records review. SETTING: Middle and high school athletic departments. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 5741 male and female adolescent athletes in Hawaii, aged 13 to 18 years, in grades 9 to 12 were included in the study...
April 4, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620687/size-as-an-important-determinant-of-chest-blow-induced-commotio-cordis
#11
Christopher Madias, Barry J Maron, Nathan Dau, N A Mark Estes, Cynthia Bir, Mark S Link
PURPOSE: Commotio cordis is sudden cardiac death caused by a relatively innocent blow to the left chest wall. Adolescents account for the majority of the cases; whether this is due to the higher frequency of adolescents playing ball sports or whether there is some maturational reduction of risk is not known. METHODS: In a swine model of commotio cordis, the effect of body weight/size (directly related to age) to the susceptibility of chest impact induced ventricular fibrillation (VF) is examined...
April 3, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618327/overweight-adolescents-views-on-physical-activity-experiences-of-participants-in-an-internet-based-intervention-a-qualitative-study
#12
Turid Kristin Bigum Sundar, Knut Løndal, Per Lagerløv, Kari Galvin, Sølvi Helseth
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese adolescents are reported to be less physically active than their peers. Research-based knowledge about their views may contribute to a better understanding of key factors that may foster or undermine motivation for physical activity, and provide knowledge for the future development of interventions. This paper explores experiences of physical activity among overweight adolescents, age 13-14 years, participants in Young & Active, a web-based controlled trial intervention to increase physical activity (ClinicalTrials...
April 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618222/adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-is-associated-with-parent-intake-not-knowledge-of-health-risks
#13
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Stephen Onufrak, Solveig Cunningham, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations of adolescent sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake with parent SSB intake and parent and adolescent knowledge of SSB-related health risks. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional. SETTING: 2014 SummerStyles survey. SUBJECTS: Nine hundred and ninety parent and adolescent (12-17 years) pairs. MEASURES: The outcome was self-reported adolescent intake (0, >0 to <1, or ≥1 time/day) of SSBs (soda, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, other SSBs)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610828/interactions-between-physicians-and-skilled-home-health-care-agencies-in-the-certification-of-medicare-beneficiaries-plans-of-care-results-of-a-nationally-representative-survey
#14
Cynthia M Boyd, Bruce Leff, Julia Bellantoni, Navpreet Rana, Jennifer L Wolff, David L Roth, Kim Carl, Orla C Sheehan
Background: Physicians are required to certify a plan of care for patients who receive Medicare skilled home health care (SHHC) services. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services form 485 (CMS-485) is typically used for certification of SHHC plans of care and for interactions between SHHC agencies and physicians. Little is known about how physicians use the CMS-485 or their perceptions of its usefulness with respect to coordinating care with SHHC agencies. Objective: To determine how physicians interact with SHHC agencies and use the CMS-485 in care coordination for patients receiving SHHC services...
April 3, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607462/injury-prevalence-across-sports-a-descriptive-analysis-on-a-representative-sample-of-the-danish-population
#15
A M Bueno, M Pilgaard, A Hulme, P Forsberg, D Ramskov, C Damsted, R O Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity plays an important role in public health, owing to a range of health-related benefits that it provides. Sports-related injuries are known to be an important barrier to continued physical activity. Still, the prevalence of injuries on a general population level has not yet been explored in a descriptive epidemiological investigation. The purpose of the questionnaire-based study, therefore, was to describe the prevalence of injury in a representative sample of the Danish population...
April 2, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602303/hop-distance-symmetry-does-not-indicate-normal-landing-biomechanics-in-adolescent-athletes-with-recent-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#16
Tishya A L Wren, Nicole M Mueske, Christopher H Brophy, J Lee Pace, Mia J Katzel, Bianca R Edison, Curtis D VandenBerg, Tracy L Zaslow
Study Design Retrospective cohort. Background Return to sport (RTS) protocols after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) often include assessment of hop distance symmetry. However, it is unclear if movement deficits are present regardless of hop symmetry. Objectives To assess biomechanics and symmetry of adolescent athletes following ACLR during a single leg hop for distance. Methods Forty-six patients with ACLR (5-12 months post-surgery; 27 female; age 15.6, SD 1.7 years) were classified as asymmetric (operative limb hop distance <90% of non-operative limb; n=17) or symmetric (n=29)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601343/a-preliminary-investigation-of-accelerometer-derived-sleep-and-physical-activity-following-sport-related-concussion
#17
Alicia M Sufrinko, Erin K Howie, R J Elbin, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
OBJECTIVE: Describe changes in postconcussion activity levels and sleep throughout recovery in a sample of pediatric sport-related concussion (SRC) patients, and examine the predictive value of accelerometer-derived activity and sleep on subsequent clinical outcomes at a follow-up clinic visit. SETTING: Outpatient concussion clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty athletes aged 12 to 19 years with diagnosed SRC. METHODS: Prospective study including visit 1 (<72 hours postinjury) and visit 2 (6-18 days postinjury)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594178/arthroscopic-management-of-pigmented-villonodular-synovitis-of-the-hip-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
S Clifton Willimon, Tim Schrader, Crystal A Perkins
Background: Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a benign proliferative synovial disorder most commonly described to affect the knee in adults. Literature describing PVNS in the pediatric population is limited to 2 small case series and a handful of single-patient case reports. Within these studies, only 2 patients with PVNS of the hip are described. Purpose: To describe the presentation, management, and outcomes of a single-center series of pediatric patients with PVNS of the hip treated with arthroscopic synovectomy...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593182/high-defect-stage-contralateral-defects-and-poor-flexibility-are-negative-predictive-factors-of-bone-union-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-athletes-with-spondylolysis
#19
Kazufumi Yamazaki, Shintaro Kota, Daisuke Oikawa, Yoshiji Suzuki
PURPOSE: To identify predisposition to spondylolysis and physical characteristics associated with "bone union" following conservative spondylolysis treatment among pediatric and adolescent athletes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed pediatric and adolescent athletes with spondylolysis who underwent conservative treatment and rehabilitation for three or more consecutive months following sports activity cessation. Patients with terminal spondylolysis or who did not discontinue sports activities were excluded...
2018: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588986/young-people-with-epilepsy-have-an-increased-risk-of-eating-disorder-and-poor-quality-diet
#20
Eivind Kolstad, Marte Bjørk, Nils Erik Gilhus, Kristin Alfstad, Jocelyn Clench-Aas, Morten Lossius
Objective: To investigate whether adolescents with epilepsy are at increased risk of having self-reported eating disorder symptoms and poor quality diet compared to young people from the general population. Methods: We used data from the Health Profile for Children and Youth in Akershus Study, a cross-sectional population-based study based on a voluntary self-reported questionnaire. There were 19,995 participants (response rate 85%) aged 13-19 years; 247 (1.2%) reported a lifetime diagnosis of epilepsy...
March 2018: Epilepsia Open
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