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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434054/patterns-of-gambling-activities-and-gambling-problems-among-italian-high-school-students-results-from-a-latent-class-analysis
#1
Nicola De Luigi, Dino Gibertoni, Emanuela Randon, Antonello E Scorcu
This study aims to provide an estimate of the prevalence of gambling among Italian adolescents and a description of their patterns of gambling activities (PGAs) using a latent class analysis on 13 different types of games. A nationwide sample of 10,959 Italian high school students was recruited in 2013. We assessed problem gambling using the South Oaks Gambling Screen: Revisited for Adolescent (SOGS-RA) scale. Approximately half (50.6%) of students reported gambling at least once in the previous year; 5.0% of them were problem gamblers and 9...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425977/prospective-analysis-of-the-influence-of-sport-and-educational-factors-on-the-prevalence-and-initiation-of-smoking-in-older-adolescents-from-croatia
#2
Natasa Zenic, Djivo Ban, Sanja Jurisic, Mladen Cubela, Jelena Rodek, Ljerka Ostojic, Mario Jelicic, Antonino Bianco, Damir Sekulic
The prevalence of smoking among Croatian adolescents is alarmingly high, but no previous study has prospectively examined the sport- and academic-factors associated with smoking and smoking initiation. This study aimed to prospectively examine the associations between scholastic (educational) achievement and sport factors and smoking in 16- to 18-year-old adolescents. This two-year prospective cohort study included 644 adolescents who were 16 years of age at baseline (46% females). Baseline testing was implemented at the beginning of the 3rd year of high school (September 2014) when participants were 16 years old...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422573/results-from-the-first-french-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-adolescents-2016
#3
Julien Aucouturier, Caroline Ganière, Salomé Aubert, Fabien Riviere, Corinne Praznoczy, Anne Vuillemin, Mark S Tremblay, Martine Duclos, David Thivel
BACKGROUND: Many countries publish periodic Report Cards on physical activity for children and youth. This paper presents the results from the first French Report Card providing a systematic synthesis and assessment of the national engagements to facilitate childhood physical activity. METHODS: A search for nationally representative data on 8 indicators of physical activity was conducted and the data were assessed by an expert panel according to international procedures...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420360/operative-versus-conservative-treatment-of-apophyseal-avulsion-fractures-of-the-pelvis-in-the-adolescents-a-systematical-review-with-meta-analysis-of-clinical-outcome-and-return-to-sports
#4
H Eberbach, L Hohloch, M J Feucht, L Konstantinidis, N P Südkamp, J Zwingmann
BACKGROUND: Avulsion fractures of the pelvic apophyses typically occur in adolescent athletes due to a sudden strong muscle contraction while growth plates are still open. The main goals of this systematic review with meta-analysis were to summarize the evidence on clinical outcome and determine the rate of return to sports after conservative versus operative treatment of avulsion fractures of the pelvis. METHODS: A systematic search of the Ovid database was performed in December 2016 to identify all published articles reporting outcome and return to preinjury sport-level after conservative or operative treatment of avulsion fractures of the pelvis in adolescent patients...
April 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413130/arthroscopic-treatment-of-labral-tears-of-the-hip-in-adolescents-patterns-of-clinical-presentation-intra-articular-derangements-radiological-associations-and-minimum-2-year-outcomes
#5
Sivashankar Chandrasekaran, Nader Darwish, Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, Parth Lodhia, Carlos Suarez-Ahedo, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: To report on patterns of clinical presentation, intra-articular derangements, radiological associations, and minimum 2-year outcomes after hip arthroscopy (HA) in patients 18 years or younger. METHODS: This study was a retrospective case series on patients 18 years or younger who had undergone HA for labral tears that had failed nonoperative management from April 2008 to April 2013 with a minimum 2-year follow-up. Exclusion criteria were previous hip conditions or surgery...
April 13, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412058/functional-outcomes-and-cam-recurrence-after-arthroscopic-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-adolescents
#6
Ryan M Degen, Stephanie W Mayer, Kara G Fields, Struan H Coleman, Bryan T Kelly, Danyal H Nawabi
PURPOSE: To compare the functional outcomes after arthroscopic treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in adolescent patients and non-adolescent patients, and to report on the rate of cam recurrence within 2 years after femoral osteoplasty in a limited sample of the adolescent group. METHODS: From 2010 to 2014, patients younger than 18 years with symptomatic FAI (alpha angle >50°) who underwent hip arthroscopy with minimum 2-year follow-up or reoperation were identified...
April 12, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410365/effects-of-physical-education-extracurricular-sports-activities-and-leisure-satisfaction-on-adolescent-aggressive-behavior-a-latent-growth-modeling-approach
#7
Sanghyun Park, Weisheng Chiu, Doyeon Won
The present study aimed to investigate the longitudinal influence of physical education classes, extracurricular sports activities, and leisure satisfaction on aggressive behavior among South Korean adolescents. Data were drawn from the Korea Youth Panel Survey. We used latent growth curve modeling to explain the growth trajectory of adolescent aggressive behaviors and a multi-group analysis to investigate gender differences in aggressive behavior. The results indicated that adolescents' aggressive behavior significantly changed with age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402984/contribution-of-hormonal-cytology-in-girls-and-adolescents-to-reproductive-health-a-traditional-technique-monitoring-recent-problems
#8
Jaroslava Dušková, Barbara Goldová, Lenka Matiášková, Alena Beková, Jana Skřenková
OBJECTIVE: To study the contribution of hormonal cytology in contemporary disturbances of fertility. DESIGN: Over a 10-year period (2006-2015), 6,688 vaginal fornix cytologies of 2,350 patients were investigated. For a more detailed analysis, a 3-year period from 2013 to 2015 was chosen. Four hundred and fifty-two patients were investigated, many of them several times and for a period longer than the 3 years analyzed. RESULTS: The main disorders examined and treated via a gentle hormonal medication support and life style corrections by a pediatric gynecologist were: pubertas praecox - thelarche praecox and early menarche; dysfunctional juvenile metrorrhagia; central and peripheral endocrine disorders; eating disorders - anorexia mentalis and bulimia; obesity; excessive sport activities; autoimmune disorders, and others...
April 13, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399586/-a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-interventions-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-methodology-and-first-results
#9
Karim Abu-Omar, Alfred Rütten, Ionut Burlacu, Sven Messing, Klaus Pfeifer, Ulrike Ungerer-Röhrich
As part of the development of recommendations for physical activity promotion, a review of reviews was performed. This article presents both the utilised methodology and first results.A systematic review of reviews was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Sport Discus, PsycInfo and other electronic databases. Reviews in English and German were included.213 reviews were identified for further analysis. A large number of reviews were identified for physical activity promotion among children and adolescents (74) and adults (66)...
March 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398942/acute-on-chronic-anterolateral-tibiofibular-joint-dislocation-in-a-child
#10
Jeewanjit S Gill, Amal Al-Shibli, Victor Istasy, Rodrick Lim
Tibiofibular joint injury in children is an uncommon injury. It is usually associated with acute injuries in sports that involve aggressive twisting of the knee, such as soccer and snowboarding. We present a case of a 17-year-old male adolescent who sustained an acute dislocation of the anterolateral tibiofibular joint with routine ambulation, who had a chronic history of subluxation. To our knowledge, this has not been previously reported. The diagnosis requires a high level of awareness and suspicion, and plain radiographs may aid in the diagnosis especially if contralateral comparison views are obtained...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394743/a-qualitative-analysis-of-male-eating-disorder-symptoms
#11
Katherine D Arnow, Talya Feldman, Elizabeth Fichtel, Iris Hsiao-Jung Lin, Amber Egan, James Lock, Marcus Westerman, Alison M Darcy
Insights into how males experience eating disorder symptoms early in the course of illness are important to improve detection efforts and may also provide valuable information for treatment. In this qualitative study, 10 adolescent males and 10 matched female patients completed standardized questionnaires and were interviewed. Results indicated that although there were many similarities between the genders, females were more likely to describe the involvement of family systems and males were more likely to describe involvement in sports as being catalysts for their disorders...
April 10, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393557/recurrent-stingers-in-an-adolescent-football-player-dilemmas-of-return-to-play-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Jason L Zaremski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Daniel C Herman
We present the case of a 16-year-old football linebacker with a history of recurrent stingers. Initial physical examination was normal as were cervical spine radiographs. MRI of the cervical spine revealed relative stenosis. Electrodiagnostic testing revealed chronic bilateral neurogenic changes of the superior trunk of the brachial plexus. A Kerr Collar was obtained to minimize head acceleration and force transmission through the neck. While there are return-to-play guidelines for recurrent stingers, there are inconsistencies with those recommendations...
April 10, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388494/energy-drink-and-alcohol-mixed-energy-drink-use-among-high-school-adolescents-association-with-risk-taking-behavior-social-characteristics
#13
REVIEW
Marco Scalese, Francesca Denoth, Valeria Siciliano, Luca Bastiani, Rodolfo Cotichini, Arianna Cutilli, Sabrina Molinaro
PURPOSE: The aims of the study were to: a) examine the prevalence of energy drink (ED) and alcohol mixed with energy drink (AmED) consumption; b) investigate the relationships between ED and AmED with alcohol, binge drinking and drugs accounting for at risk behaviors among a representative sample of Italian adolescents. METHODS: A representative sample of 30,588 Italian high school students, aged 15-19years, was studied. Binary and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the independent association of the potential predictors' characteristics with the ED and AmED drinking during the last year...
March 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384609/dual-task-gait-differences-in-female-and-male-adolescents-following-sport-related-concussion
#14
David R Howell, Andrea Stracciolini, Ellen Geminiani, William P Meehan
Concussion may affect females and males differentially. Identification of gender-related differences after concussion, therefore, may help clinicians with individualized evaluations. We examined potential differences in dual-task gait between females and males after concussion. Thirty-five participants diagnosed with a concussion (49% female, mean age=15.0±2.1 years, 7.5±3.0 days post-injury) and 51 controls (51% female, mean age=14.4±2.1 years) completed a symptom inventory and single/dual-task gait assessment...
April 1, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381107/impaired-cognitive-performance-in-youth-athletes-exposed-to-repetitive-head-impacts
#15
Inga Katharina Koerte, Elizabeth Nichols, Yorghos Tripodis, Vivian Schultz, Stefan Lehner, Randy Igbinoba, Alice Z Chuang, Michael Mayinger, Eliana Klier, Marc Muehlmann, David Kaufmann, Christian Lepage, Florian Heinen, Gerd Schulte-Koerne, Ross D Zafonte, Martha E Shenton, Anne B Sereno
BACKGROUND: Worldwide more than 22 million children and adolescents are exposed to repetitive head impacts (RHI) in soccer. Evidence indicates cumulative effects on brain structure, but it is not known whether exposure to RHI affects cognitive improvement in adolescents. To determine whether exposure to RHI while heading the ball in soccer affects improvement in cognitive performance in adolescents over time. METHODS: The study group consisted of a convenience sample of 16 male soccer players (mean age 15...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376970/energy-drink-use-linked-to-high-sugar-beverage-intake-and-bmi-among-teens
#16
Ronald D Williams, Jeff M Housman, Mary Odum, Alissa E Rivera
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relationship of energy drink, high-sugar, and low-sugar beverage consumption. METHODS: Mann-Whitney U, Cohen's d and effect sizes were used to examine data from 1737 adolescents in the United States who participated in the 2014 FLASHE Study. Secondary analysis examined consumption of energy drinks, high- and low-sugar beverages, and adolescents' BMIs. RESULTS: Among adolescents, 13.7% (N = 239) reported past 7-day energy drink consumption...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374647/the-associations-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-adiposity-and-sports-participation-with-arterial-stiffness-in-youth-with-chronic-diseases-or-physical-disabilities
#17
Eero A Haapala, Kristel Lankhorst, Janke de Groot, Maremka Zwinkels, Olaf Verschuren, Harriet Wittink, Frank Jg Backx, Anne Visser-Meily, Tim Takken
Background The evidence on the associations of cardiorespiratory fitness, body adiposity and sports participation with arterial stiffness in children and adolescents with chronic diseases or physical disabilities is limited. Methods Altogether 140 children and adolescents with chronic diseases or physical disabilities participated in this cross-sectional study. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed using maximal exercise test with respiratory gas analyses either using shuttle run, shuttle ride, or cycle ergometer test...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368321/sport-nutrition-knowledge-behaviors-and-beliefs-of-high-school-soccer-players
#18
Melinda M Manore, Megan M Patton-Lopez, Yu Meng, Siew Sun Wong
For adolescent athletes (14-18 years), data on sport nutrition knowledge, behaviors and beliefs are limited, especially based on sex, race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. High school soccer players (n = 535; 55% female; 51% White, 41% Latino; 41% National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participants (80% Latino)) completed two questionnaires (demographic/health history and sport nutrition). The sport nutrition knowledge score was 45.6% with higher scores in NSLP-Whites vs. NSLP-Latinos (p < 0.01). Supplement knowledge differed by sex (16% lower in females; p = 0...
April 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367697/life-lessons-after-classes-investigating-the-influence-of-an-afterschool-sport-program-on-adolescents-life-skills-development
#19
Okseon Lee, Mirim Park, Kyunghwan Jang, Yongnam Park
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of an afterschool sport program on adolescents' life skills development and to identify which characteristics of the program would have an influence on their life skills acquisition. The participants were six children (4 boys, 2 girls) who participated in a 12-week afterschool program implemented in two elementary schools, as well as the two program instructors who implemented the afterschool sport program. Data were collected from individual interviews with program participants and instructors...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362161/test-retest-reliability-of-the-king-devick-test-in-an-adolescent-population
#20
Bernadette L Olson, Tyler J Oberlander, Lee Weidauer
CONTEXT:   The King-Devick (KD) test is a screening tool designed to assess cognitive visual impairments, namely saccadic rhythm, postconcussion. Test-retest reliability of the KD in a healthy adolescent population has not yet been established. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the overall test-retest reliability of the KD among a sample of healthy adolescents. Additionally, we sought to determine if sex and age influenced reliability. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
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