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Adolescents sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453890/the-co-developmental-dynamic-of-sport-and-school-burnout-among-student-athletes-the-role-of-achievement-goals
#1
Matilda Sorkkila, Kaisa Aunola, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Asko Tolvanen, Tatiana V Ryba
Student-athletes who strive for success in high level sports while pursuing upper secondary education may be prone to sport and school burnout. The present study examined the co-developmental dynamic of sport and school burnout in Finnish adolescent student-athletes (N time 1 = 391; N time 2 = 373) across the first year of upper secondary school by using cross-lagged structural equation modeling (SEM). Furthermore, we used sport and school-related achievement goals as predictors of sport and school burnout, namely, sport and school-related exhaustion, cynicism, and feelings of inadequacy...
February 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451452/epidemiology-of-spinal-injury-in-childhood-and-adolescence-in-the-united-states-1997-2012
#2
Joseph Piatt, Nicholas Imperato
OBJECTIVE There has been no successful study of trends in population-based incidences of pediatric spinal injury in the United States. The goal of the current study was to develop robust data to correct this deficiency in contemporary trauma epidemiology. METHODS Discharges coded for spinal injury were extracted from the Kids' Inpatient Database for 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 for patients younger than 18 years. Childhood was defined as ages 0 through 14 years and adolescence as ages 15, 16, and 17 years...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450207/fixation-of-traumatic-chondral-only-fragments-of-the-knee-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-athletes-a-retrospective-multicenter-report
#3
Peter D Fabricant, Yi-Meng Yen, Dennis E Kramer, Mininder S Kocher, Lyle J Micheli, J Todd R Lawrence, Theodore J Ganley, Benton E Heyworth
Background: While traditional biological principles have suggested that fragments consisting of cartilage alone cannot be reaffixed to bone with expectable long-term healing, case reports of successful healing after fixation in younger patients indicate that this concept remains incompletely explored. Purpose: To evaluate the presenting features, techniques, healing rates, and clinical and radiological results in a cohort of pediatric and adolescent athletes who underwent fixation of traumatic chondral-only fragments in the knee...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448928/prevalence-of-adolescent-physical-activity-related-injuries-in-sports-leisure-time-and-school-the-national-physical-activity-behaviour-study-for-children-and-adolescents
#4
Anu M Räisänen, Sami Kokko, Kati Pasanen, Mari Leppänen, Arja Rimpelä, Jari Villberg, Jari Parkkari
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of adolescent physical activity-related injuries in sports club activities, leisure time physical activity and school-based physical activity. The secondary aim was to investigate the differences in the prevalence of physical activity -related injuries between years 2014 and 2016. In addition, we set out to study the associations between age, sex and the frequency of physical activity and injury prevalence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study is based on the National Physical Activity Behaviour Study for Children and Adolescents (LIITU in Finnish) conducted in years 2014 and 2016...
February 15, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438628/rotator-cuff-repair-in-adolescent-athletes
#5
Michael G Azzam, Jeffrey R Dugas, James R Andrews, Samuel R Goldstein, Benton A Emblom, E Lyle Cain
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are rare injuries in adolescents but cause significant morbidity if unrecognized. Previous literature on rotator cuff repairs in adolescents is limited to small case series, with few data to guide treatment. HYPOTHESIS: Adolescent patients would have excellent functional outcome scores and return to the same level of sports participation after rotator cuff repair but would have some difficulty with returning to overhead sports. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence 4...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431592/in-season-changes-in-ventricular-morphology-and-systolic-function-in-adolescent-female-athletes
#6
Andrew M Watson, Carol Coutinho, Kristin Haraldsdottir, Stacey Brickson, Warren Dunn, Marlowe Eldridge
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of physical maturity on the changes in ventricular morphology and function with sport training in female youth athletes. METHODS: Thirty-two female athletes (age 13-18 years) underwent height and weight measurement and 2-D echocardiographic evaluation immediately prior to, and following, a 20-week soccer season. Pre- and post-season left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), ejection fraction (LVEF), stroke volume (LVSV), mass (LVM), and posterior wall thickness (LVPWT), right ventricular end-diastolic diameter (RVEDD), end-diastolic area (RVEDA), and fractional area change (RVFAC), and interventricular septal thickness (IVST) were compared...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426310/barriers-to-voluntary-participation-in-sport-for-children-a-systematic-review
#7
Sarah Somerset, Derek J Hoare
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have detailed the physical health benefits of children's participation in sport and a growing body of research also highlights the benefits for mental health. Children who participate in sport have also been shown to be advantaged academically. However, despite the benefits there is evidence that children are leading increasingly sedentary lifestyles and are at greater risk of chronic disease than those with active lifestyles. Sport provides an important means for children to achieve their recommended amount of daily physical activity...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425188/a-longitudinal-study-of-predictors-for-adolescent-electronic-cigarette-experimentation-and-comparison-with-conventional-smoking
#8
Jaana M Kinnunen, Hanna Ollila, Jaana Minkkinen, Pirjo L Lindfors, Arja H Rimpelä
Little is known of the predictors of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among adolescents, even though the use is increasing. We studied here the predictors for e-cigarette experimentation (tried and tried more than twice) and compared them with predictors for conventional smoking. A baseline school survey was conducted in the Helsinki metropolitan area, Finland, in 2011 for seventh graders (12 to 13-year-olds). Response rate was 73%. The same students were followed up in 2014 (9th grade, 15 to 16-year-olds), N = 5742...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424276/growth-maturation-and-exercise-during-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#9
Jaak Jürimäe
For "The Year That Was 2017," I have selected 3 papers in the area of growth, maturation, and exercise during youth. The first paper has been chosen because it provides for the first time the relative age, maturation, and anthropometric biases on position allocation in elite youth soccer players participating in talent identification programs in professional soccer league. Specific anthropometrical attributes characterized playing positions with a bias toward these athletes who are comparatively tall and heavy for their age already in younger ages, whereas position-specific physical attributes do not become apparent until the later stages of talent development...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424273/neuromuscular-physiology-exercise-and-training-during-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#10
David G Behm
The pressure for children to excel and succeed in sport continues to mount. Although resistance training for youth was in disfavor by many organizations even into the early 21st century, children's training programs are more closely resembling the volume and intensity of adult programs. The physiological maturation of adolescent youth may impact their response to advanced training programs. Furthermore, the pressure to specialize in specific sports rather than engage in a variety of sporting activities may affect not only training responses but also injury incidence...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423771/inherited-cardiomyopathies-and-sports-participation
#11
REVIEW
A Zorzi, A Pelliccia, D Corrado
Competitive sports activity is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiovascular death in adolescents and young adults with inherited cardiomyopathies. Many young subjects aspire to continue competitive sport after a diagnosis of cardiomyopathy and the clinician is frequently confronted with the problem of eligibility and the request of designing specific exercise programs. Since inherited cardiomyopathies are the leading cause of sudden cardiovascular death during sports performance, a conservative approach implying disqualification of affected athletes from most competitive athletic disciplines is recommended by all the available international guidelines...
February 8, 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420685/gender-differences-in-symptom-reporting-on-baseline-sport-concussion-testing-across-the-youth-age-span
#12
Rosemarie Scolaro Moser, Lauren Olek, Philip Schatz
Background: Little is known regarding gender differences in concussion symptom reporting developmentally across the age span, specifically in pre-adolescent athletes. The present study asks: Do boys and girls differ in symptom reporting across the pre-adolescent to post-adolescent age span? Method: This retrospective study utilized baseline assessments from 11,695 10-22 year-old athletes assigned to 3 independent groups: Pre-adolescent 10-12 year olds (n = 1,367; 12%), Adolescent 13-17 year olds (n = 2,974; 25%), and Late Adolescent 18-22 year olds (n = 7,354; 63%)...
February 6, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420313/preliminary-use-of-the-paness-for-detecting-subtle-motor-signs-in-adolescents-with-sport-related-concussion-a-brief-report
#13
Jaclyn A Stephens, Martha B Denckla, Teri McCambridge, Beth S Slomine, E Mark Mahone, Stacy J Suskauer
Sensitive examination tools are needed to optimize evaluation after sport-related concussion (SRC). We preliminarily examined the Physical and Neurological Examination of Subtle Signs (PANESS) for sensitivity to motor changes in a pilot cohort of adolescents aged 13-17 with SRC. 15 Adolescents (5 females) with SRC were evaluated up to 3 times: within 2 weeks of injury, approximately 1 month later (mean 35 days between visits), and for those not recovered at the second visit, again following clinical recovery (mean 70 days between first and last visits for all participants)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418040/male-gender-school-attendance-and-sports-participation-are-positively-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-congenital-bleeding-disorders
#14
P F Limperg, M M H Joosten, K Fijnvandraat, M Peters, M A Grootenhuis, L Haverman
BACKGROUND: This study assesses health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and variables associated with HRQOL, in children and adolescents with haemophilia and congenital bleeding disorders (CBD) in the Netherlands. METHODS: Patients <18 years with CBD under treatment at the Hemophilia Comprehensive Care Center of the Academic Medical Center were included. Participants completed generic HRQOL questionnaires (TAPQOL 0-5 years; PedsQL 6-18 years). Differences and effect sizes in HRQOL compared to healthy peers, and between hemophilia severity groups, were tested using Mann Whitney U-tests...
February 8, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413771/population-based-epidemiology-of-9767-ankle-fractures
#15
Rasmus Elsoe, Svend E Ostgaard, Peter Larsen
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to provide up-to-date information concerning the incidence of ankle fractures in a large and complete population including all age groups, spanning a decade, and report the distribution of fractures, trauma mechanism and patient baseline demographics. METHODS: Population-based epidemiological study of all patients treated for an ankle fracture in a 10-year period from 2005 to 2014. RESULTS: A total of 9767 patients with ankle fractures were treated between 2005 and 2014...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412695/high-injury-burden-in-elite-adolescent-athletes-a-52-week-prospective-study
#16
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne, Anna Frohm, Cecilia Friden, Anders Kottorp
CONTEXT:   Our understanding of the injury burden in elite adolescent athletes in most sports is limited or unknown because of the lack of prospective, long-term injury studies. OBJECTIVE:   To describe injury patterns in terms of type, location, prevalence and incidence, recurrence, and severity grade; time to first injury; and prevalence of illness in elite adolescent athletes and to compare differences in injury data by sex and sport type. DESIGN:   Cohort study...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412432/bone-geometry-and-physical-activity-in-children-and-adolescents-systematic-review
#17
Tathyane Krahenbühl, Roseane de Fátima Guimarães, Antonio de Azevedo Barros Filho, Ezequiel Moreira Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review on the practice of physical activity and/or sports in health and its influence on bone geometry of healthy children and adolescents. DATA SOURCE: The method used as reference was the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Databases searched for articles published from 2006 to 2016, with "Bone geometry" AND (Sport* OR Exercise* OR "Physical Activity") as descriptors, were PubMed, BIREME/LILACS and SciELO...
January 15, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409340/exercise-addiction-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-validation-of-a-youth-version-of-the-exercise-addiction-inventory
#18
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Mark D Griffiths, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
Background Behavioral addictions often onset in adolescence and increase the risk of psychological and social problems later in life. The core symptoms of addiction are tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, lack of control, and compulsive occupation with the behavior. Psychometrically validated tools are required for detection and early intervention. Adolescent screening instruments exist for several behavioral addictions including gambling and video gaming addiction but not for exercise addiction. Given recent empirical and clinical evidence that a minority of teenagers appear to be experiencing exercise addiction, a psychometrically robust screening instrument is required...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405460/one-explanation-to-rule-them-all-identifying-sub-groups-of-non-drinking-swedish-ninth-graders
#19
Jonas Raninen, Michael Livingston, Patrik Karlsson, Håkan Leifman, Ulf Guttormsson, Johan Svensson, Peter Larm
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Researchers in a number of countries have recently identified major changes in adolescent alcohol consumption since the early 2000s, with the prevalence of teenage drinking more than halving in some countries. The major aims of the current study are to examine if there are sub-groups among non-drinking Swedish ninth graders and to describe how the prevalence of these groups has changed during the period 1999 to 2015. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from five waves of the Swedish European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs study was used...
February 6, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405367/the-influence-of-evolution-on-cam-deformity-and-its-impact-on-biomechanics-of-the-human-hip-joint
#20
REVIEW
Helen Anwander, Martin Beck, Lorenz Büchler
Anatomy and biomechanics of the human hip joint are a consequence of the evolution of permanent bipedal gait. Habitat and behaviour have an impact on hip morphology and significant differences are present even within the same biological family. The forces acting upon the hip joint are mainly a function of gravitation and strength of the muscles. Acetabular and femoral anatomy ensure an inherently stable hip with a wide range of motion. The femoral head in first human ancestors with upright gait was spherical (coxa rotunda)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
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