keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

origin of life

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792943/the-development-of-a-screening-protocol-for-salmonella-spp-and-enteropathogenic-yersinia-spp-in-samples-from-wild-boar-sus-scrofa-also-generating-mlva-data-for-y-enterocolitica-and-y-pseudotuberculosis
#1
Axel Sannö, Magdalena Jacobson, Sandra Sterner, Susanne Thisted-Lambertz, Anna Aspán
Salmonellosis and yersiniosis are notifiable human diseases that are commonly associated with contaminated food. Domestic pigs as well as wild boars and other wild-life have been identified as reservoirs of these bacteria. Methods for cultivation and molecular epidemiological investigations of Salmonella spp. are well established, however, cultivation of enteropathogenic Yersinia spp. is time- consuming and the commonly used method for molecular epidemiological investigations, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, lack in discriminatory power...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792502/successful-validation-of-the-cat-mh-scales-in-a-sample-of-latin-american-migrants-in-the-united-states-and-spain
#2
Robert D Gibbons, Margarita Alegría, Li Cai, Lizbeth Herrera, Sheri Lapatin Markle, Francisco Collazos, Enrique Baca-García
We examined cultural differences in the item characteristic functions of self-reported of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and mania-hypomania in a Latino population taking Computerized Adaptive Tests for Mental Health (CAT-MH) in Spanish versus a non-Latino sample taking the tests in English. We studied differential item functioning (DIF) of the most common adaptively administered symptom items out of a bank of 1,008 items between Latino (n = 1276) and non-Latino (n = 798) subjects. For depression, we identified 4 items with DIF that were good discriminators for non-Latinos but poor discriminators for Latinos...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792482/discrimination-and-externalizing-problems-among-moroccan-and-romanian-origin-early-adolescents-in-italy-moderating-role-of-cultural-orientations-and-impulse-control
#3
Diana Miconi, Gianmarco Altoè, Silvia Salcuni, Daniela Di Riso, Sami Schiff, Ughetta Moscardino
OBJECTIVE: Although discrimination is a common stressor in the everyday life of immigrant youth, individuals are not equally susceptible to its adverse effects. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine whether cultural orientation preferences and impulse control (IC) moderate the association between perceived discrimination and externalizing problems among Moroccan- and Romanian-origin early adolescents in Italy. METHOD: The sample included 126 Moroccan and 126 Romanian youths (46% girls, 42% first-generation) aged 11-13 years and their parents...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792069/maternal-nutrition-and-the-developmental-origins-of-osteoporosis-in-offspring-potential-mechanisms-and-clinical-implications
#4
Jia Zheng, Qianyun Feng, Sheng Zheng, Xinhua Xiao
Osteoporosis, the most frequent metabolic disorder of bone, is a complex disease with a multifactorial origin that is influenced by genes and environments. However, the pathogenesis of osteoporosis has not been fully elucidated. The theory of "Developmental Origins of Health and Disease" indicates that early life environment exposure determines the risks of cardiometabolic diseases in adulthood. However, investigations into the effects of maternal nutrition and nutrition exposure during early life on the development of osteoporosis are limited...
January 1, 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791641/suicidal-ideation-and-attempt-of-older-women-in-northeastern-brazil
#5
Raimunda Magalhães da Silva, Girliani Silva de Sousa, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza Vieira, José Manuel Peixoto Caldas, Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo
OBJECTIVE: to associate the life experiences of older women from the Northeast of Brazil with their suicidal ideation and attempts. METHOD: Qualitative study with fourteen older adults from Piripiri (PI), Teresina (PI), Fortaleza (CE) and Recife (PE) who were interviewed between November 2013 and July 2014. The organization of data originated the themes: experiences of abuse throughout their lives; marital fractures and social isolation; weakened motherhood. RESULTS: The women were born and lived most of their life in the countryside, amid poverty and social exclusion...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791183/a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-overuse-running-injuries-the-runners-and-injury-longitudinal-study-trails
#6
Stephen P Messier, David F Martin, Shannon L Mihalko, Edward Ip, Paul DeVita, D Wayne Cannon, Monica Love, Danielle Beringer, Santiago Saldana, Rebecca E Fellin, Joseph F Seay
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, noting flaws in previous running injury research, called for more rigorous prospective designs and comprehensive analyses to define the origin of running injuries. PURPOSE: To determine the risk factors that differentiate recreational runners who remain uninjured from those diagnosed with an overuse running injury during a 2-year observational period. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790847/the-development-of-a-short-version-of-temps-a-in-hungarian-non-clinical-samples
#7
Andras Lang, Barbara Papp, Tamas Inancsi, Peter Dome, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Zsuzsanna Belteczki
BACKGROUND: The Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) is a widely used measure of affective temperaments. Affective temperaments refer to people's prevailing moods and are important precursors of affective disorders. With the two studies presented in this paper, we aimed to develop a short version of the Hungarian TEMPS-A. METHODS: A total number of 1857 university students participated in two studies. The original 110-item version and the newly developed short version of TEMPS-A, the anger, depression, and anxiety scales of the PROMIS Emotional Distress item bank, the Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale, the Satisfaction With Life Scale, and the Well-Being Index were administered to participants...
March 2018: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788931/the-prevalence-of-substance-use-among-russian-somali-and-kurdish-migrants-in-finland-a-population-based-study
#8
Essi Salama, Solja Niemelä, Jaana Suvisaari, Tiina Laatikainen, Päivikki Koponen, Anu E Castaneda
BACKGROUND: Substance use is a well-known public health problem, but population-based research on migrants' substance use in Europe is limited. Factors related to the cultural background and current life situation might influence substance use among migrants. Here, the prevalence of substance use in Russian, Somali and Kurdish migrants in Finland is reported in comparison with the general population, and the associations between substance use and socio-economic and migration-related background factors among migrants are analysed...
May 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788902/dystonia-deafness-syndrome-caused-by-actb-p-arg183trp-heterozygosity-shows-striatal-dopaminergic-dysfunction-and-response-to-pallidal-stimulation
#9
Inger Marie Skogseid, Oddveig Røsby, Ane Konglund, James P Connelly, Bård Nedregaard, Greg Eigner Jablonski, Nadja Kvernmo, Asbjørg Stray-Pedersen, Joel C Glover
BACKGROUND: Dystonia-deafness syndrome is a well-known clinical entity, with sensorineural deafness typically manifesting earlier than dystonia. ACTB p.Arg183Trp heterozygosity has been reported in six patients to cause combined infant-onset deafness and dystonia manifesting in adolescence or young adulthood. Three of these have received beneficial pallidal stimulation. Brain imaging to assess striatal function has not been reported previously, however. Nor has a comprehensive hypothesis been presented for how the pleiotropic manifestations of this specific beta-actin gene mutation originate developmentally...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788868/contribution-of-spinal-cord-oligodendrocytes-to-neuroinflammatory-diseases-and-pain
#10
Sergio M Borghi, Victor Fattori, Miriam S N Hohmann, Waldiceu A Verri
BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammatory diseases that affect spinal cord or associated spinal nerves represent challenging conditions for management in current medicine because of their complex pathology, poor prognosis, and high morbidity, which strikingly reduces the quality of life of patients. In this sense, a better understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of spinal cord neuroinflammation might contribute to the development of novel therapies. Oligodendrocytes have unique and vital biological properties in central nervous system (CNS) homeostasis and physiology...
May 21, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787534/a-metal-organic-framework-reduces-thrombus-formation-and-platelet-aggregation-ex-vivo
#11
Teryn R Roberts, Megan J Neufeld, Michael A Meledeo, Andrew P Cap, Leopoldo C Cancio, Melissa M Reynolds, Andriy I Batchinsky
BACKGROUND: Management of hemostasis is a key challenge during extracorporeal life support (ECLS). Metal organic frameworks are being investigated for use as nitric oxide (NO) catalysts for incorporation into ECLS circuitry to prevent thrombosis at the blood-biomaterial interface. A specific metal organic framework, CuBTTri, has been shown to accelerate NO-release from bioavailable donors like S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO). We hypothesized that CuBTTri would reduce thrombus formation in whole blood (WB) and inhibit platelet aggregation...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786863/acute-ammonia-toxicity-to-the-larvae-glochidia-of-the-tropical-australian-freshwater-mussel-velesunio-spp-using-a-modified-toxicity-test-protocol
#12
Linda S Kleinhenz, Melanie A Trenfield, Thomas J Mooney, Christopher L Humphrey, Rick A van Dam, Dayanthi Nugegoda, Andrew J Harford
Ammonia is recognised as a major pollutant worldwide, originating from natural and anthropogenic sources. Studies have reported that freshwater mussels are amongst the most sensitive taxa to ammonia, but there is a lack of data available on ammonia toxicity for the early life stages of freshwater mussels from tropical regions. This paper reports the modification of a 24-h acute toxicity test protocol for tropical freshwater mussels and application of the test using ammonia. Velesunio spp. from three different sites were used to assess the toxicity of ammonia at a targeted pH of 6...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786093/author-correction-high-speed-volumetric-imaging-of-neuronal-activity-in-freely-moving-rodents
#13
Oliver Skocek, Tobias Nöbauer, Lukas Weilguny, Francisca Martínez Traub, Chuying Naomi Xia, Maxim I Molodtsov, Abhinav Grama, Masahito Yamagata, Daniel Aharoni, David D Cox, Peyman Golshani, Alipasha Vaziri
In the version of this Brief Communication originally published online, ref. 21 included details for a conference paper (Pegard, N. C. et al. Paper presented at Novel Techniques in Microscopy: Optics in the Life Sciences, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 12-15 April 2015). The correct reference is the following: Pégard, N. C. et al. Optica 3, 517-524 (2016). This error has been corrected in the print, HTML and PDF versions of the paper.
May 21, 2018: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785961/trajectories-of-childhood-blood-pressure-and-adult-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#14
Tao Zhang, Shengxu Li, Lydia Bazzano, Jiang He, Paul Whelton, Wei Chen
This longitudinal study aims to characterize longitudinal blood pressure (BP) trajectories from childhood and examine the impact of level-independent childhood BP trajectories on adult left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and remodeling patterns. The longitudinal cohort consisted of 1154 adults (787 whites and 367 blacks) who had repeated measurements of BP 4 to 15 times from childhood (4-19 years) to adulthood (20-51 years) and assessment of echocardiographic LV dimensions in adulthood. Model-estimated levels and linear slopes of BP at childhood age points were calculated in 1-year intervals using the growth curve parameters and their first derivatives, respectively...
May 21, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785937/the-effect-of-enzyme-replacement-therapy-on-clinical-outcomes-in-paediatric-patients-with-fabry-disease-a-systematic-literature-review-by-a-european-panel-of-experts
#15
REVIEW
Marco Spada, Ralf Baron, Perry M Elliott, Bruno Falissard, Max J Hilz, Lorenzo Monserrat, Camilla Tøndel, Anna Tylki-Szymańska, Christoph Wanner, Dominique P Germain
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease is caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase, resulting in progressive accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (GL-3). The disease can manifest early during childhood and adolescence. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human α-galactosidase is the first specific treatment for Fabry disease and has been available in Europe since 2001. This paper presents the findings of a systematic literature review of clinical outcomes with ERT in paediatric patients with Fabry disease...
April 26, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785929/dissection-of-the-in-vitro-developmental-program-of-hammondia-hammondi-reveals-a-link-between-stress-sensitivity-and-life-cycle-flexibility-in-toxoplasma-gondii
#16
Sarah L Sokol, Abby S Primack, Sethu C Nair, Zhee S Wong, Maiwase Tembo, Shiv K Verma, Camila K Cerqueira-Cezar, J P Dubey, Jon P Boyle
Most eukaryotic parasites are obligately heteroxenous, requiring sequential infection of different host species in order to survive. Toxoplasma gondii is a rare exception to this rule, having a uniquely facultative heteroxenous life cycle. To understand the origins of this phenomenon, we compared development and stress responses in T. gondii to those of its its obligately heteroxenous relative, Hammondia hammondi and have identified multiple H. hammondi growth states that are distinct from those in T. gondii...
May 22, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784228/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-mindful-attention-awareness-scale-among-arab-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties and the theoretical structure of the mindful attention awareness scale (MAAS) with parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Jordan. METHOD: A sample of 104 parents of children with ASD in Jordan completed the study. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to assess the factor structure of MAAS. Internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. The convergent validity was assessed using Pearson's product-moment correlations between the MAAS and measures of psychological distress and Quality of life...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783869/is-hinduism-ambivalent-about-suicide
#18
Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Sujit John
BACKGROUND: Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world and has over 1.1 billion adherents comprising about 16% of the global population living mainly in India and Nepal. The stand of Hinduism on suicide has been ambiguous through the ages, on one hand, condemning general suicides, while condoning religious suicides on the other. This ambiguity is reflected in contemporary India and among the Indian diaspora. AIMS: To examine the stand of Hinduism as a religion in the context of suicide...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783046/bacterial-community-of-industrial-raw-sausage-packaged-in-modified-atmosphere-throughout-the-shelf-life
#19
Stefano Raimondi, Maria Rosaria Nappi, Tiziana Maria Sirangelo, Alan Leonardi, Alberto Amaretti, Alessandro Ulrici, Rudy Magnani, Chiara Montanari, Giulia Tabanelli, Fausto Gardini, Maddalena Rossi
Ten lots of industrial raw sausages in modified atmosphere (CO2 30%, O2 70%), produced in the same plant over 7 months, were analyzed at the day after production (S samples) and at the end of shelf life (E samples), after 12 days storage at 7 °C to simulate thermal abuse. Quality of the products was generally compromised by storage at 7 °C, with only 3 E samples without alterations. During the shelf life, the pH decreased for the accumulation of acetic and lactic acids. A few biogenic amines accumulated, remaining below acceptable limits...
April 28, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782279/-response-predictors-for-physical-training-hfref-patients
#20
V L Galenko, T A Lelyavina, M Y Sitnikova
PURPOSE: To identify different types and possible predictors of physical rehabilitation (PR) response in reduced ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF) patients, selected on the basis of achievement the lactate threshold during cardiopulmonary exercising test (CPET). METHODS: 64 patients, chronic heart failure (CHF) NYHA II-III functional class were included in our study. Mean age 54±12,5 years, body mass index (BMI) 26,5±6,4 kg/m2, ejection fraction (EF) 26,4±1,4 %, NYHA II: III (67 %: 33 % patients)...
2018: Kardiologiia
keyword
keyword
81412
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"