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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922934/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-menopause-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire
#1
Guangning Nie, Hongyan Yang, Jian Liu, ChunMei Zhao, Xiaoyun Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Menopause-Specific Quality-of-Life (MENQOL) questionnaire was developed as a specific tool to measure the health-related quality-of-life of postmenopausal women. Thus far, the Chinese version questionnaire has not been subjected to psychometric assessment with a large sample. This study aims to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the MENQOL specific to postmenopausal women in China. METHODS: A total of 1,137 menopausal symptomatic and 491 menopausal asymptomatic women from eight cities in China were recruited using a convenience sampling method...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922909/research-on-experiences-related-to-the-possibility-of-consciousness-beyond-the-brain-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-global-scientific-output
#2
Jorge Cecílio Daher, Rodolfo Furlan Damiano, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Alexander Moreira-Almeida, Giancarlo Lucchetti
This study aims to conduct a search of publications investigating experiences commonly associated with the possibility of the existence of a consciousness independent of the brain held on the main scientific databases (Pubmed, Web of Knowledge, PsycINFO, Science Direct, and Scopus). Of the 9065 articles retrieved, 1954 were included (598 near-death experiences, 223 out-of-body experiences, 56 end-of-life experiences, 224 possession, 244 memories suggestive of past lives, 565 mediumship, 44 others). Over the decades, there was an evident increase in the number of articles on all the areas of the field, with the exception of studies on mediumship that showed a decline during the late 20th century and subsequent rise in the early 21st century...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921231/the-cell-and-protoplasm-as-container-object-and-substance-1835-1861
#3
Daniel Liu
This article revisits the development of the protoplasm concept as it originally arose from critiques of the cell theory, and examines how the term "protoplasm" transformed from a botanical term of art in the 1840s to the so-called "living substance" and "the physical basis of life" two decades later. I show that there were two major shifts in biological materialism that needed to occur before protoplasm theory could be elevated to have equal status with cell theory in the nineteenth century. First, I argue that biologists had to accept that life could inhere in matter alone, regardless of form...
December 5, 2016: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921043/metabolic-vascular-syndrome-new-insights-into-a-multidimensional-network-of-risk-factors-and-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Gerhard H Scholz, Markolf Hanefeld
BACKGROUND: Since 1981, we have used the term metabolic syndrome to describe an association of a dysregulation in lipid metabolism (high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, disturbed glucose homeostasis (enhanced fasting and/or prandial glucose), gout, and hypertension), with android obesity being based on a common soil (overnutrition, reduced physical activity, sociocultural factors, and genetic predisposition). We hypothesized that main traits of the syndrome occur early and are tightly connected with hyperinsulinemia/insulin resistance, procoagulation, and cardiovascular diseases...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920861/colon-cancer-metastasis-to-the-sternum-palliative-treatment-with-radiofrequency-ablation-and-cement-injection
#5
Bryan E Wessel, Douglas Coldwell
Colon cancer metastasis to bone is extremely rare and has devastating consequences on patients' quality of life. Furthermore, radiofrequency ablation in conjunction with cementoplasty to nonweight bearing, flat bones has not been widely reported as palliative treatment for pain as a result of bone metastasis. Here, we present a case of a 47-year-old man who developed a sternal metastasis from an invasive adenocarcinoma of the colon originally diagnosed several years prior. The pain from the metastasis was originally treated with external beam radiation therapy, but after 6 weeks of continuous pain, it was retreated using radiofrequency ablation in conjunction with cementoplasty...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919535/occurrences-composition-profiles-and-source-identifications-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-pbdes-and-polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcbs-in-ship-ballast-sediments
#6
Peng-Hao Su, Bao-Yi Lv, Gregg T Tomy, Jin-Xiang Xu, Wen Tian, Chun-Yan Hou, Fang Yin, Yi-Fan Li, Dao-Lun Feng
The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in ship ballast sediments. The ballast sediment samples were collected from six merchant ships docked in 2015 in Jiangyin City, China. Ballast sediments represent a potential vector for the transport of POPs and invasive species between marine environments. An attempt was also made to determine the sources of these compounds in the ballast sediment...
December 2, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919168/the-mediterranean-healthy-eating-ageing-and-lifestyle-meal-study-rationale-and-study-design
#7
Giuseppe Grosso, Stefano Marventano, Maurizio D'Urso, Antonio Mistretta, Fabio Galvano
There is accumulating evidence suggesting that Mediterranean lifestyles, including nutrition and sleeping patterns as well as social integration, may play a role in reducing age-related diseases. However, the literature is mostly deficient of evidence provided by Italian Mediterranean islands that more closely adhered to the originally described lifestyles. In this paper, we described the rationale and the study design of the Mediterranean healthy Eating, Ageing, and Lifestyle (MEAL) study, a prospective population-based cohort established in Sicily, southern Italy...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918940/beyond-flexibility-controlling-stem-cells-in-an-ever-changing-environment
#8
REVIEW
Anne Pfeiffer, Christian Wenzl, Jan U Lohmann
Developmental plasticity is a defining feature of plants allowing them to colonize a wide range of different ecosystems by promoting environmental adaptation. Their postembryonic development requires life-long maintenance of stem cells, which are embedded into specialized tissues, called meristems. The shoot apical meristem gives rise to all above ground tissues and is a complex and dynamic three-dimensional structure harboring cells of different clonal origins and fates. Functionally divergent subdomains are stably maintained despite permanent cell division, however their relative sizes are modified in response to developmental and environmental signals...
December 2, 2016: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918455/targeting-on-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-related-nitric-oxide-reactive-oxygen-species-imbalance-to-reprogram-the-development-of-hypertension
#9
REVIEW
You-Lin Tain, Chien-Ning Hsu
Adult-onset diseases, including hypertension, can originate from early life, known as the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD). Because the developing kidney is vulnerable to early-life insults, renal programming is considered key in the developmental programming of hypertension. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, can regulate the NO-reactive oxygen species (ROS) balance, and is involved in the development of hypertension. Reprogramming interventions aimed at NO-ROS balance can be protective in both genetic and developmentally programmed hypertension...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918074/the-origin-of-animals-can-molecular-clocks-and-the-fossil-record-be-reconciled
#10
John A Cunningham, Alexander G Liu, Stefan Bengtson, Philip C J Donoghue
The evolutionary emergence of animals is one of the most significant episodes in the history of life, but its timing remains poorly constrained. Molecular clocks estimate that animals originated and began diversifying over 100 million years before the first definitive metazoan fossil evidence in the Cambrian. However, closer inspection reveals that clock estimates and the fossil record are less divergent than is often claimed. Modern clock analyses do not predict the presence of the crown-representatives of most animal phyla in the Neoproterozoic...
December 5, 2016: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917777/the-identification-and-treatment-of-women-with-hyperglycaemia-in-pregnancy-an-analysis-of-individual-participant-data-systematic-reviews-meta-analyses-and-an-economic-evaluation
#11
Diane Farrar, Mark Simmonds, Susan Griffin, Ana Duarte, Debbie A Lawlor, Mark Sculpher, Lesley Fairley, Su Golder, Derek Tuffnell, Martin Bland, Fidelma Dunne, Donald Whitelaw, John Wright, Trevor A Sheldon
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a higher risk of important adverse outcomes. Practice varies and the best strategy for identifying and treating GDM is unclear. AIM: To estimate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of strategies for identifying and treating women with GDM. METHODS: We analysed individual participant data (IPD) from birth cohorts and conducted systematic reviews to estimate the association of maternal glucose levels with adverse perinatal outcomes; GDM prevalence; maternal characteristics/risk factors for GDM; and the effectiveness and costs of treatments...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916723/surgical-treatment-of-metallic-foreign-body-embolization-in-the-middle-cerebral-artery-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Chuan Chen, Bo Hou, Lun Luo, Ying Guo
Intracranial artery embolization cases caused by foreign bodies are extremely clinically rare. Twenty-four cases in total have been reported in the literature; among them, 20 cases were caused by firearms, and only four cases originated from non-firearm injuries in daily life. Here, we report a fifth case of foreign body embolization in the cerebral artery caused by non-firearm injuries. We used microsurgery and successfully removed the metal piece that embolized the middle cerebral artery of a 30-year-old male patient in our center...
December 1, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914852/a-call-to-strengthen-the-global-strategy-against-schistosomiasis-and-soil-transmitted-helminthiasis-the-time-is-now
#13
REVIEW
Nathan C Lo, David G Addiss, Peter J Hotez, Charles H King, J Russell Stothard, Darin S Evans, Daniel G Colley, William Lin, Jean T Coulibaly, Amaya L Bustinduy, Giovanna Raso, Eran Bendavid, Isaac I Bogoch, Alan Fenwick, Lorenzo Savioli, David Molyneux, Jürg Utzinger, Jason R Andrews
In 2001, the World Health Assembly (WHA) passed the landmark WHA 54.19 resolution for global scale-up of mass administration of anthelmintic drugs for morbidity control of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis, which affect more than 1·5 billion of the world's poorest people. Since then, more than a decade of research and experience has yielded crucial knowledge on the control and elimination of these helminthiases. However, the global strategy has remained largely unchanged since the original 2001 WHA resolution and associated WHO guidelines on preventive chemotherapy...
November 30, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914317/the-disgust-related-images-dirti-database-validation-of-a-novel-standardized-set-of-disgust-pictures
#14
Anke Haberkamp, Julia Anna Glombiewski, Filipp Schmidt, Antonia Barke
Selecting appropriate stimuli is a major challenge of affective research. Although several standardized databases for affective pictures exist, none of them focus on discrete emotions such as disgust. Validated pictures inducing discrete emotions are still limited, and this presents a problem for researchers interested in studying different facets of disgust. In this paper, we introduce the DIsgust-RelaTed-Images (DIRTI) picture set. The set consists of 240 disgust-inducing pictures divided into six categories (food, animals, body products, injuries/infections, death, and hygiene)...
November 23, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913843/molecular-evolution-in-historical-perspective
#15
Edna Suárez-Díaz
In the 1960s, advances in protein chemistry and molecular genetics provided new means for the study of biological evolution. Amino acid sequencing, nucleic acid hybridization, zone gel electrophoresis, and immunochemistry were some of the experimental techniques that brought about new perspectives to the study of the patterns and mechanisms of evolution. New concepts, such as the molecular evolutionary clock, and the discovery of unexpected molecular phenomena, like the presence of repetitive sequences in eukaryotic genomes, eventually led to the realization that evolution might occur at a different pace at the organismic and the molecular levels, and according to different mechanisms...
December 2016: Journal of Molecular Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913842/alfonso-luis-herrera-and-the-beginnings-of-evolutionism-and-studies-in-the-origin-of-life-in-mexico
#16
Ismael Ledesma-Mateos, H James Cleaves
Alfonso Luis Herrera (1868-1942) was a Mexican biologist, and significant as the principal promoter of Darwinian thought in that country. However, Herrera's thinking went beyond the evolution of living beings, and extended to the question of the origin of life itself and the place of living phenomena in the larger context of the cosmos. Perhaps more significantly, though now largely forgotten, Herrera was among the first to embark on an experimental program to understand the origin of life, one which may be seen as foundational for later workers, most notably Sidney Fox and Alexander Oparin, and which has been resuscitated recently...
December 2016: Journal of Molecular Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913841/membranes-and-the-origin-of-life-a-century-of-conjecture
#17
REVIEW
David Deamer
Cells are the units of all life today, and are defined by their membranous boundaries. The membranes have multiple functions; the most obvious being that, in the absence of a boundary, the systems of functional macromolecular components of the cytosol would spill into the environment and disperse. Membranes also contain the pigments essential for photosynthesis, electron transport enzymes that pump and maintain proton gradients, the ATP synthase that uses proton gradients to produce energy for the cell, and enzymes that use ATP to maintain ion gradients essential for life...
December 2016: Journal of Molecular Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913262/neurosurgeons-in-japan-are-exclusively-brain-surgeons
#18
REVIEW
Shunji Asamoto
In Japan, neurosurgeons have mainly treated brain diseases, with most cases involving the spine and spinal diseases historically being treated by orthopedists. Nowadays, spinal surgery is just one of the many subspecialties in the neurosurgical field in Japan. Most patients with neurological deficits or suspected neurological diseases are taken to board-certified neurosurgeons or go to them directly in Japan, not through referrals from family doctors or specialists in other fields. Problems originating in the spine and spinal cord have been overlooked or misdiagnosed in these situations...
November 29, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911489/palliative-care-interventions-in-advanced-dementia
#19
REVIEW
Edel Murphy, Katherine Froggatt, Sheelah Connolly, Eamon O'Shea, Elizabeth L Sampson, Dympna Casey, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic, progressive and ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disease. Advanced dementia is characterised by profound cognitive impairment, inability to communicate verbally and complete functional dependence. Usual care of people with advanced dementia is not underpinned universally by a palliative approach. Palliative care has focused traditionally on care of people with cancer but for more than a decade, there have been increased calls worldwide to extend palliative care services to include all people with life-limiting illnesses in need of specialist care, including people with dementia...
December 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909020/the-design-and-transformation-of-biofundamentals-a-nonsurvey-introductory-evolutionary-and-molecular-biology-course
#20
Michael W Klymkowsky, Jeremy D Rentsch, Emina Begovic, Melanie M Cooper
Many introductory biology courses amount to superficial surveys of disconnected topics. Often, foundational observations and the concepts derived from them and students' ability to use these ideas appropriately are overlooked, leading to unrealistic expectations and unrecognized learning obstacles. The result can be a focus on memorization at the expense of the development of a meaningful framework within which to consider biological phenomena. About a decade ago, we began a reconsideration of what an introductory course should present to students and the skills they need to master...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
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