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Pseudomonas and childs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869430/-sepsis-due-to-pseudomona-as-a-debut-of-a-primary-immunodeficiency-in-a-child
#1
M Cristina Vera Sáez-Benito, Marta López Úbeda, Paula Madurga Revilla, Antonio de Arriba Muñoz, Matilde Bustillo Alonso, Carmen Rodríguez-Vigil Iturrate
X-linked agammaglobulinemia is a primary humoral immunodeficiency. It is a recessive X-linked disorder characterized by low or absent circulating mature B cells, hypo/agammaglobulinemia and no humoral response to immunizations due to mutations along chromosome X. It is characterized by severe, recurrent and difficult treatment infections. It is diagnosed in the first 6 months of life in children; the only sign of alarm is the absent or decreased size of tonsils and lymph nodes, but it is not always present...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664282/multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infection-in-a-child-with-cystic-fibrosis
#2
Jocelyn Y Ang, Nahed Abdel-Haq, Frank Zhu, Abrar K Thabit, David P Nicolau, Michael J Satlin, David van Duin
We describe a pediatric cystic fibrosis patient who developed a pulmonary exacerbation due to two multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates. In addition to these MDR organisms, the case was further complicated by β-lactam allergy. Despite the MDR phenotype, both isolates were susceptible to an antimicrobial combination.
October 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642149/-antibiotic-consumption-and-bacterial-sensitivity-in-a-teaching-hospital-a-5-year-study
#3
C Cotteret, E Vallières, H Roy, P Ovetchkine, J Longtin, J-F Bussières
INTRODUCTION: To reduce risks of antibiotic resistance, governmental and learned societies decreed the optimal use of antibiotics. The relation between antibiotic consumption and bacterial resistance increase has been clearly demonstrated over the last several years. Antibiotic consumption data and bacterial sensitivity data are regularly published, but very few publications have searched for a correlation between these two variables. This study focused on antibiotic use and consumption as well as bacterial sensitivity to these antibiotics...
October 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636723/bacterial-fungal-interactions-including-quorum-sensing-between-two-opportunistic-pathogens-resulting-in-post-traumatic-sepsis-in-a-child-presenting-with-a-closed-femoral-fracture
#4
Rebecca Bradford, Alice Munro, Bhavdeep R Jani, Surendra Singham, Kate O'Loughlin, Janette Cansick
: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P.aeruginosa) and Candida albicans (C.albicans) are opportunistic pathogens that cause systemic infections in immune-suppressed patients. They show important bacterial-fungal interactions including quorum sensing. This involves cell-signaling to communicate between the cells of their own colony as well as the cells of rival microbes or the host. It is thought that this phenomenon is vital in the potential competition and virulence of the organisms. We report a case of a previously healthy 2 year old boy, where an accidental injury had been sustained resulting in a closed fracture of femur...
September 15, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358550/acanthamoeba-infection-in-a-drowning-child
#5
Prastiya Indra Gunawan, Areta Idarto, Darto Saharso
BACKGROUND: Acanthamoeba infection is a potential life-threatening complication of drowning. The management of drowning-associated Acanthamoeba infection remains controversial. Survival reports on Acanthamoeba infection have been on case reports only. CASE DETAILS: A 2-year-old, previously healthy Indonesian boy presented with decreased consciousness and inadequate breathing, followingdrowning. The event was unsupervised with unknown estimated time of submersion...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328921/association-between-uropathogen-and-pyuria
#6
Nader Shaikh, Timothy R Shope, Alejandro Hoberman, Alyssa Vigliotti, Marcia Kurs-Lasky, Judith M Martin
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine factors associated with the absence of pyuria in symptomatic children whose urine culture was positive for a known uropathogen. METHODS: We obtained data on children evaluated at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh emergency department between 2007 and 2013 with symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) who had paired urinalysis and urine cultures. We excluded children with an unknown or bag urine collection method, major genitourinary anomalies, immunocompromising conditions, or with multiple organisms on culture...
July 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265353/daily-co-trimoxazole-prophylaxis-to-prevent-mortality-in-children-with-complicated-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#7
James A Berkley, Moses Ngari, Johnstone Thitiri, Laura Mwalekwa, Molline Timbwa, Fauzat Hamid, Rehema Ali, Jimmy Shangala, Neema Mturi, Kelsey D J Jones, Hassan Alphan, Beatrice Mutai, Victor Bandika, Twahir Hemed, Ken Awuondo, Susan Morpeth, Samuel Kariuki, Gregory Fegan
BACKGROUND: Children with complicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have a greatly increased risk of mortality from infections while in hospital and after discharge. In HIV-infected children, mortality and admission to hospital are prevented by daily co-trimoxazole prophylaxis, despite locally reported bacterial resistance to co-trimoxazole. We aimed to assess the efficacy of daily co-trimoxazole prophylaxis on survival in children without HIV being treated for complicated SAM. METHODS: We did a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled study in four hospitals in Kenya (two rural hospitals in Kilifi and Malindi, and two urban hospitals in Mombasa and Nairobi) with children aged 60 days to 59 months without HIV admitted to hospital and diagnosed with SAM...
July 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27133552/inhalation-of-tobramycin-using-simulated-cystic-fibrosis-patient-profiles
#8
Alfred Haynes, David Geller, Jeffry Weers, Brian Ament, Richard Pavkov, Richard Malcolmson, Laurie Debonnett, Paul Mastoridis, Anthony Yadao, Silvia Heuerding
INTRODUCTION: TOBI(®) Podhaler™ is a capsule-based drug-device combination (tobramycin inhalation powder [TIP] 28 mg capsules via unit-dose dry powder T-326 Inhaler [Podhaler™]) developed for treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in cystic fibrosis (CF). We explored how inspiratory flow profiles and mouth-throat geometries affect drug delivery with the T-326 Inhaler. METHODS: Inspiratory flow profiles were recorded from 38 subjects aged 6-71 who had CF and varying degrees of lung function impairment...
May 1, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26980392/problem-based-learning-discussion-medical-treatment-of-pediatric-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#9
Daniel L Hamilos
This problem-based learning case focused on the approach to evaluation and management of a 5-year old girl who was "always sick" with sinus infections. The discussion unfolds in a "real life" scenario, i.e., based on information available to the clinician initially and after the acquisition of laboratory data, and, ultimately, after sinus surgery. Emphasis is placed on the differential diagnosis of the patient's symptoms, discussion of the initial management strategy for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), evolution from acute rhinosinusitis to CRS, the prevalence of and differential diagnosis of nasal polyps in children, treatment considerations specific for CRS with nasal polyps, the significance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa sinus infection, the significance of an abnormal sweat chloride test in a young child with nasal polyposis, special considerations in children with CRS who have cystic fibrosis, treatment considerations after endoscopic sinus surgery, and, finally, prognostic factors that impact the outcomes of endoscopic sinus surgery...
March 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26937178/inhaled-antibiotics-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infection-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients-challenges-to-treatment-adherence-and-strategies-to-improve-outcomes
#10
REVIEW
Réka Bodnár, Ágnes Mészáros, Máté Oláh, Tamás Ágh
BACKGROUND: Inhaled antibiotics (ABs) are recommended for use in the therapy of chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). The aim of this systematic literature review was to identify level of adherence to inhaled ABs and to determine predictors and consequences of nonadherence in CF. METHODS: A systematic literature search of English-language articles was conducted in April 2015 using Medline and Embase. No publication date limit was applied...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26797965/bronchoscopy-guided-antimicrobial-therapy-for-cystic-fibrosis
#11
REVIEW
Kamini Jain, Claire Wainwright, Alan R Smyth
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and treatment of lower respiratory tract infections are the mainstay of management of lung disease in cystic fibrosis. When sputum samples are unavailable, treatment relies mainly on cultures from oropharyngeal specimens; however, there are concerns regarding the sensitivity of these to identify lower respiratory organisms.Bronchoscopy and related procedures (including bronchoalveolar lavage) though invasive, allow the collection of lower respiratory specimens from non-sputum producers...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26459977/ecthyma-gangrenosum-like-lesions-secondary-to-methicillin-sensitive-staphylococcus-aureus-in-an-immunocompetent-child
#12
Silvia S Song, Catalina Matiz, Wynnis L Tom, Antoanella Calame, Andrew C Krakowski, Sheila F Friedlander
We describe a previously healthy 15-month-old girl who developed ecthyma gangrenosum (EG)-like lesions secondary to methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). Her systemic symptoms and negative blood cultures suggested MSSA toxin-mediated effects. When toxin-mediated systemic symptoms accompany such lesions, pathogens other than Pseudomonas aeruginosa should be considered.
November 2015: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26408070/antibiotics-for-preventing-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-high-risk-children-aged-12-years-and-under
#13
REVIEW
Igho J Onakpoya, Gail Hayward, Carl J Heneghan
BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in young children account for 1.4 million deaths annually worldwide. Antibiotics could be beneficial in preventing LRTIs in high-risk children, and may also help prevent school absenteeism and work days missed by children and/or carers. While it is well documented that the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis for RTIs decreases over time, there are no reviews that describe the use of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent LRTIs in high-risk children aged 12 years and under...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26388518/diagnostic-accuracy-and-distress-associated-with-oropharyngeal-suction-in-cystic-fibrosis
#14
Michael Doumit, Yvonne Belessis, Sacha Stelzer-Braid, Kylie-Ann Mallitt, William Rawlinson, Adam Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Early detection of bacterial pathogens in the lower airway is an important part of managing CF. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of oropharyngeal suction (OPS) samples in obtaining airway bacterial cultures in young children with cystic fibrosis (CF), and the level of child distress caused by obtaining OPS samples. METHODS: Young children with CF undergoing broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) as part of concurrent research or routine annual surveillance were studied...
July 2016: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26288214/-diagnostics-of-citelli-s-abscess-by-means-of-ultrasound-scanning
#15
K V Ryzhikova, M V Subbotina, T P Lagunova, A A Diukov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26271423/-infectious-complications-after-kindred-kidney-allotransplantation
#16
E P Volynchik, N S Bogomolova, S M Kuznetsova, L V Bol'shakov
It was analyzed the medical records of 231 patients who underwent living kindred donor kidney transplantation. Early postoperative complications were observed in 51 (22%) patients including infectious events in 30 cases namely pyelonephritis (13), pneumonia (6), sepsis (5), wound infection (3), pulmonary tuberculosis (2) and esophageal mycosis (1). Microflora investigation revealed predominantly gram-negative bacteria including enterobacteriaceae (K. pneumoniae, E. coli and E. cloacae) and nonfermentable bacteria (P...
2015: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26223146/preliminary-study-of-the-baseline-characteristics-of-patients-etiological-agents-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-and-mortality-in-ibadan-nigeria
#17
O M Ige, A O Okesola
BACKGROUND: Studies relating the baseline characteristics of patients with community-acquired pneumonia and the bacterial etiological agents to the mortality of the disease are scanty in our environment. This study therefore aimed at determining the contribution of the baseline characteristics of patients with community-acquired pneumonia, the bacterial etiological agents to the mortality in our environment. METHODS: Data of patients with community-acquired pneumonia were retrieved and the effects of these on mortality were studied retrospectively...
September 2014: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26201554/cerebrospinal-fluid-otorrhea-and-pseudomonal-meningitis-in-a-child-with-mondini-dysplasia-case-report
#18
R Nick Hernandez, Abhinav R Changa, Luigi Bassani, Robert W Jyung, James K Liu
PURPOSE: Mondini dysplasia is a rare congenital inner ear malformation that presents with abnormal cochlear development with accompanied vestibular dilation and vestibular aqueduct enlargement. This dysfunctional anatomy provides the potential for sensorineural hearing deficits, cerebrospinal fluid leaks, and severe cases of recurrent meningitis. METHODS: We present the case of a child with Mondini dysplasia who presented with unilateral hearing loss and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea that was surgically repaired through a combined middle fossa/transmeatal middle ear approach to alleviate any recurrence of infection and cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea...
September 2015: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26061926/health-related-quality-of-life-in-indian-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#19
Devika Kir, Sumita Gupta, George Jolly, M Kalaivani, Rakesh Lodha, S K Kabra
OBJECTIVE: This study was devised to translate Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire-Revised to Hindi and administer it to Indian children and adolescents diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: This study was carried out in cystic fibrosis patients attending Pediatric Chest Clinic of a tertiary-care hospital in Northern India from July 2012 to December 2012. PARTICIPANTS: 45 children (6-13 years) and their parents, and 14 adolescents...
May 2015: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26055736/bacteremia-among-febrile-ugandan-children-treated-with-antimalarials-despite-a-negative-malaria-test
#20
Afizi Kibuuka, Pauline Byakika-Kibwika, Jane Achan, Adoke Yeka, Joan N Nalyazi, Arthur Mpimbaza, Philip J Rosenthal, Moses R Kamya
Bacteremia may be inappropriately treated as malaria in children admitted with a febrile illness in Africa. We determined the prevalence, clinical features, and spectrum of bacteremia among febrile children younger than 5 years of age admitted with a negative malaria test, but prescribed antimalarials at a referral hospital in Jinja, Uganda. After initial evaluation, a blood sample was drawn from 250 children for a complete blood count and bacterial culture. Of 250 samples cultured, 15 grew organisms presumed to be skin contaminants, and of the remaining 235 samples, 45 (19...
August 2015: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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