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Natural family planning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882391/-palliative-care-for-patients-with-turkish-or-arabic-migration-background-in-lower-saxony-a%C3%A2-survey-from-palliative-care-professionals-perspective
#1
Maximiliane Jansky, Sonja Owusu-Boakye, Friedemann Nauck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: People with a migration background (MB) are an important part of German society. If and how they use specialised palliative care (SPC) has not been studied. We aimed to assess the current SPC for patients with Turkish or Arabic MB (the largest group of immigrants in Germany with a shared ascribed culture) from the point of view of healthcare professionals (HCP) in Lower Saxony. METHOD: All HCPs in institutions providing SPC (n = 90) were invited to participate in an anonymous online survey which contained closed and open questions about care for this patient group, characteristics of the last patient with Turkish or Arabic MB they cared for, and resources and strategies to care for these patients...
November 23, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852317/the-relationship-between-the-maria-da-penha-law-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-two-brazilian-states
#2
Mariana V Gattegno, Jasmine D Wilkins, Dabney P Evans
BACKGROUND: Globally, inequality between men and women manifests in a variety of ways. In particular, gender inequality increases the risk of perpetration of violence against women (VAW), especially intimate partner violence (IPV), by males. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 35 % of women have experienced physical, psychological and/or sexual IPV at least once in their lives, making IPV unacceptably common. In 2006, the Maria da Penha Law on Domestic and Family Violence, became the first federal law to regulate VAW and punish perpetrators in Brazil...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833183/couple-beads-an-integrated-method-of-natural-family-planning
#3
George Mulcaire-Jones, Richard J Fehring, Megan Bradshaw, Karen Brower, Gonzaga Lubega, Paskazia Lubega
Various fertility indicators are used by natural family planning methods to identify the fertile and infertile phases of a woman's menstrual cycle: mucus observations, cycle-day probabilities, basal body temperature readings, and hormonal measures of LH and estrogen. Simplified NFP methods generally make use of a single fertility indicator such as cycle-day probabilities (Standard Days Method) or mucus observations (Billings Ovulation Method). The Couple Bead Method integrates the two simplest fertility indicators, cycle-day probabilities and mucus observations, expanding its applicability to all women, regardless of cycle regularity and length...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818397/critical-issues-in-the-lives-of-children-and-youth-who-are-deafblind
#4
Catherine Nelson, Susan M Bruce
The coeditors of an American Annals of the Deaf special issue on deaf-blindness introduce readers to critical issues surrounding children and youth who are deafblind. These issues-early identification, communication, social-emotional needs, family and multicultural issues, universal design and assistive technology, transition planning, and personnel preparation-are explored further in the articles that follow. By way of introduction, the present article provides definitions of deafblindness and a discussion of the heterogeneous nature of the population...
2016: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816330/men-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-and-end-of-life-planning
#5
David Abbott, Helen Prescott, Karen Forbes, James Fraser, Anirban Majumdar
There is very limited evidence about the views of men with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and end of life issues including death and dying. Studies have shown the physiological and psychological benefits of talking about and planning for end of life. Despite policy documents and guidance in the UK about end of life planning, there is consensus on the need for improvement. The study reported here is a qualitative one with 15 men with DMD (aged 20-45 years). Participants could not recall any significant conversations with clinicians about end of life and assumed that clinicians were reluctant to discuss the issue...
September 28, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793838/cohort-profile-examining-neighbourhood-activities-in-built-living-environments-in-london-the-enable-london-olympic-park-cohort
#6
Bina Ram, Claire M Nightingale, Mohammed T Hudda, Venediktos V Kapetanakis, Anne Ellaway, Ashley R Cooper, Angie Page, Daniel Lewis, Steven Cummins, Billie Giles-Corti, Peter H Whincup, Derek G Cook, Alicja R Rudnicka, Christopher G Owen
PURPOSE: The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) project is a natural experiment which aims to establish whether physical activity and other health behaviours show sustained changes among individuals and families relocating to East Village (formerly the London 2012 Olympics Athletes' Village), when compared with a control population living outside East Village throughout. PARTICIPANTS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, 1497 individuals from 1006 households were recruited and assessed (at baseline) (including 392 households seeking social housing, 421 seeking intermediate and 193 seeking market rent homes)...
October 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783059/the-other-side-how-does-informed-choice-affect-induced-abortions-among-reproductive-age-immigrant-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Chuanning Yu, Junqing Wu, Yuyan Li, Ying Zhou, Rui Zhao, Honglei Ji, Yi-Ran Li, Ying Han, Qi Tong
This study attempted to explore how informed choice on contraceptive methods influenced induced abortions among reproductive-age immigrant women in China. A total of 3230 participants were recruited in Beijing, Shanghai, and Chongqing. Information on informed choice was collected by questionnaires. The annual incidence rate (spells) of induced abortions was 0.46 (1500/3230) among the participants. The sequence from the highest score to the lowest was long-term, short-term and natural contraceptive methods (p < 0...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774584/montefiore-einstein-center-for-the-aging-brain-preliminary-data
#8
Joe Verghese, Rubina Malik, Jessica Zwerling
Given the multifaceted nature of dementia care management, an interdisciplinary comprehensive clinical approach is necessary. We describe our one-year experience with outpatient based dementia care at the Montefiore-Einstein Center for the Aging Brain (CAB) involving an multispecialty team of geriatricians, neurologists, and neuropsychologists, supported by geriatric psychiatrists, physiatrists, and social services. The goals of the CAB is to maximize dementia outcomes, including regular monitoring of patient's health and cognition, education and support to patients, their families and caregivers; initiation of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments as appropriate, and the facilitation of access to clinical trials...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737481/ultrasound-collaboration-across-europe-an-efsumb-success-story-in-politically-troubled-times
#9
P S Sidhu
In these days of political vagueness, to use a kinder term, although many would describe the situation as turmoil, in Europe, there are success stories to be lauded. Notwithstanding the direction individual countries choose in relation to closer or not so close co-operation in Europe and the direction the political agenda will travel over the next few years, I believe science and in particular medicine has benefited enormously form close co-operation across the European Union and with colleagues outside this political and trading block of nations...
October 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731825/anxiolytic-and-antidepressant-activity-of-different-methanolic-extracts-of-melia-azedarach-linn
#10
Humera Ishaq
Present study was planned to search for neuropharmacological properties of methanolic extracts of different parts of Melia azedarach Linn. because conventional medicine shows adverse effects. Recently natural products are studied worldwide, as safer alternatives, which are not duly supported with scientifically proved data. Melia azedarach (Bakayan, China berry tree) is medium sized tree belonging to family Meliaceae. Traditional use of plant is as anthelmintic, antilithic and diuretic. Topical application of oil for cramps and rheumatism is beneficial...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701707/children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-their-families-a-future-view-of-nature-plus-nurture-and-new-technologies-for-comprehensive-language-intervention-strategies
#11
Mabel L Rice
Future perspectives on children with language impairments are framed from what is known about children with specific language impairment (SLI). A summary of the current state of services is followed by discussion of how these children can be overlooked and misunderstood and consideration of why it is so hard for some children to acquire language when it is effortless for most children. Genetic influences are highlighted, with the suggestion that nature plus nurture should be considered in present as well as future intervention approaches...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697140/individual-fertility-assessment-and-counselling-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#12
Kathrine Birch Petersen
The overall aim of this thesis was to validate the new concept of the Fertility Assessment and Counselling (FAC) Clinic at Rigshospitalet. The intention was to: explore the prognostic value of fertility risk factors by a risk score and provide an estimate of female fecundity, to quantify the impact of oral contraception (OC) on ovarian reserve parameters defined as Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH), Antral Follicle Count (AFC) and ovarian volume, and to gain knowledge of attitudes and considerations toward family formation in women of advanced age...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693759/design-and-evaluation-of-a-park-prescription-program-for-stress-reduction-and-health-promotion-in-low-income-families-the-stay-healthy-in-nature-everyday-shine-study-protocol
#13
Nooshin Razani, Michael A Kohn, Nancy M Wells, Doug Thompson, Hanna Hamilton Flores, George W Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Contact with nature improves human health; stress reduction is a mediating pathway. Stay Healthy in Nature Everyday (SHINE) is a stress reduction and health promotion intervention for low-income families at an urban Federally Qualified Health Center. We plan to evaluate two service-delivery models for SHINE and present here the intervention design and evaluation protocol. METHODS: Behavioral change theory and environmental education literature informed the intervention...
September 29, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680304/predictors-of-hiv-related-risk-perception-and-prep-acceptability-among-young-adult-female-family-planning-patients
#14
Danielle B Garfinkel, Kamila A Alexander, Reagan McDonald-Mosley, Tiara C Willie, Michele R Decker
HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) presents new opportunities for HIV prevention. While women comprise approximately 20% of new HIV infections in the US, significant questions remain about how to most effectively facilitate PrEP uptake for this population. Family planning clinics are a dominant source of health care for young women and support an estimated 4.5 million women annually. We explore characteristics associated with HIV risk perception and PrEP acceptability among young adult women seeking reproductive health services in a high-prevalence setting...
September 29, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676237/an-interim-analysis-of-an-advance-care-planning-intervention-in-the-nursing-home-setting
#15
Susan E Hickman, Kathleen T Unroe, Mary T Ersek, Bryce Buente, Arif Nazir, Greg A Sachs
OBJECTIVES: To describe processes and preliminary outcomes from the implementation of a systematic advance care planning (ACP) intervention in the nursing home setting. DESIGN: Specially trained project nurses were embedded in 19 nursing homes and engaged in ACP as part of larger demonstration project to reduce potentially avoidable hospitalizations. SETTING: Nursing homes. PARTICIPANTS: Residents enrolled in the demonstration project for a minimum of 30 days between August 2013 and December 2014 (n = 2,709) and residents currently enrolled in March 2015 (n = 1,591)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670148/keeping-all-options-open-parents-approaches-to-advance-care-planning
#16
Emma Beecham, Linda Oostendorp, Joanna Crocker, Paula Kelly, Andrew Dinsdale, June Hemsley, Jessica Russell, Louise Jones, Myra Bluebond-Langner
BACKGROUND: Early engagement in advance care planning (ACP) is seen as fundamental for ensuring the highest standard of care for children and young people with a life-limiting condition (LLC). However, most families have little knowledge or experience of ACP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how parents of children and young people with LLCs approach and experience ACP. METHODS: Open-ended, semi-structured interviews were conducted with parents of 18 children; nine children who were currently receiving palliative care services, and nine children who had received palliative care and died...
September 26, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668987/ingredients-for-a-dutch-radon-action-plan-based-on-a-national-survey-in-more-than-2500-dwellings
#17
R C G M Ronald Smetsers, R O Roelf Blaauboer, S A J Fieke Dekkers
A new Euratom directive demands that Member States establish a national action plan for indoor radon. Important requirements are a national reference level for the radon concentration in dwellings, actions to identify dwellings with radon concentrations that might exceed this reference level and the encouragement of appropriate measures to reduce the radon concentrations in dwellings where these are high. This paper provides ingredients and recommendations for a national action plan for radon in dwellings, applicable to the Netherlands...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664956/chronic-stress-accelerates-the-development-of-endometriosis-in-mouse-through-adrenergic-receptor-%C3%AE-2
#18
Qiqi Long, Xishi Liu, Qiuming Qi, Sun-Wei Guo
STUDY QUESTION: Does chronic stress in mice accelerate the development of endometriosis, and, if so, through what mechanism? SUMMARY ANSWER: Exposure to chronic stress accelerates the development of endometriosis and exacerbates the endometriosis-associated generalized hyperalgesia, most likely through activation of the adrenoceptor β2 (ADRB2) and cAMP responsive element-binding protein (CREB). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Women with endometriosis tend to have higher levels of psychological stress, which is known to impact negatively on health in general and to promote tumor growth and metastasis in particular...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664103/development-of-a-mother-and-baby-unit-contraception-assessment-tool
#19
Chrishanthy Grace Jayarajah, Trudi Seneviratne
Unplanned pregnancies are a unique, yet significant risk factor in perinatal mental health. Our aim was to create an assessment tool to assess mother's views on contraception as part of the discharge planning process. We used a quantitative-qualitative approach. A clinician-guided questionnaire was completed by patients prior to their discharge from hospital and analysed using Microsoft Excel. Semi-structured interviews were used to explore views regarding family planning in greater depth. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim onto Microsoft Word...
September 23, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663043/-sociodemographic-and-mental-health-risk-factors-global-and-local-conditions-according-to-the-survey-results-mental-health-in-the-general-population-in-18%C3%A2-international-locations
#20
F Chabaud, I Benradia, R Bouet, A Caria, J L Roelandt
INTRODUCTION: Mental Health in General Population survey (MHGP) is a socio-anthropological and epidemiological multicentre research carried out by the WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Mental Health (Lille, France). It assessed the prevalence of major mental disorders in the general population with 15,747 people aged 18 years and above in 18 sites worldwide: 6 European sites, 4 sites in the Maghreb, 4 sites in the Indian Ocean, 2 sites in the Caribbean and two sites in the Pacific Ocean...
September 20, 2016: L'Encéphale
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