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Natural family planning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721677/the-pervasive-nature-of-uncertainty-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-and-their-informal-caregivers
#1
Valerie Shilling, Rachel Starkings, Valerie Jenkins, Lesley Fallowfield
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the impact of extended cancer survival on broader aspects of life and wellbeing such as occupational, financial and family life for patients with advanced cancer and their nominated informal caregivers. METHODS: In-depth qualitative interviews were transcribed verbatim. A thematic framework was developed from an initial process of open coding and tested iteratively as new data were collected. RESULTS: Twenty-four patient-caregiver dyads with advanced ovarian (9), melanoma (9) or lung cancer (6)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706369/improving-the-knowledge-and-attitude-on-standard-days-method-of-family-planning-through-a-promotional-program-among-indian-postgraduate-students
#2
Philby Babu Menachery, Judith Angelitta Noronha, Sweety Fernanades
INTRODUCTION: The 'Standard Days Method' is a fertility awareness-based method of family planning that identifies day 8 through day 19 of the menstrual cycle as fertile days during which a woman is likely to conceive with unprotected intercourse. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of a promotional program on the 'Standard Days Method' in terms of improving the knowledge scores and attitude scores. DESIGN: A pre-experimental one-group pretest-posttest research design was adopted...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706368/knowledge-and-behaviour-regarding-birth-prevention-of-healthcare-providers
#3
Smriti Bhargava, Nupur Hooja, Rajani Nawal, Bhomraj Kumawat, Avantika Sharma, Richa Manish
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare providers are an important link with the general public to impart knowledge regarding contraception. They are an important source of providing information regarding different methods of contraception, their proper use and removing the myths from the couple's mind. However, their own attitude and practice of contraception are often lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the attitude and practice of contraception over the last 1 year of nurses in a tertiary care hospital in Jaipur...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701898/aspects-of-family-caregiving-as-addressed-in-planned-discussions-between-nurses-patients-with-chronic-diseases-and-family-caregivers-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#4
E I Hagedoorn, W Paans, T Jaarsma, J C Keers, C van der Schans, M Louise Luttik
BACKGROUND: Caregiving by family members of elderly with chronic conditions is currently intensifying in the context of an aging population and health care reform in the Netherlands. It is essential that nurses have attention for supporting roles of family caregivers of older patients and address family caregiving aspects on behalf of the continuity of care. This study aims to explore what aspects of family caregiving were addressed during planned discussions between nurses, patients and family caregivers in the hospital...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700588/years-of-life-lost-due-to-traumatic-brain-injury-in-europe-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-16-countries
#5
Marek Majdan, Dominika Plancikova, Andrew Maas, Suzanne Polinder, Valery Feigin, Alice Theadom, Martin Rusnak, Alexandra Brazinova, Juanita Haagsma
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are a major public health, medical, and societal challenge globally. They present a substantial burden to victims, their families, and the society as a whole. Although indicators such as incidence or death rates provide insight into the occurrence and outcome of TBIs in various populations, they fail to quantify the full extent of their public health and societal impact. Measures such as years of life lost (YLLs), which quantifies the number of years of life lost because the person dies prematurely due to a disease or injury, should be employed to better quantify the population impact...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678168/the-influences-of-landscape-features-on-visitation-of-hospital-green-spaces-a-choice-experiment-approach
#6
Kaowen Grace Chang, Hungju Chien
Studies have suggested that visiting and viewing landscaping at hospitals accelerates patient's recovery from surgery and help staff's recovery from mental fatigue. To plan and construct such landscapes, we need to unravel landscape features desirable to different groups so that the space can benefit a wide range of hospital users. Using discrete choice modeling, we developed experimental choice sets to investigate how landscape features influence the visitations of different users in a large regional hospital in Taiwan...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650599/anti-mullerian-hormone-a-marker-of-upcoming-menopause-or-a-questionable-guesswork
#7
(no author information available yet)
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a protein produced by pre-antral and small antral ovarian follicles. It is an acknowledged marker of ovarian reserve and remaining reproductive capacity, commonly used in reproductive medicine. From the third decade of life, AMH serum levels decrease consecutively up to menopause. Since the standardization of commercial assays, novel contributions of that parameter are being observed. Up to date, there is no screening tool for predicting the age of natural menopause (ANM). The following literature review evaluates the utility of AMH measurement in predicting ANM...
May 26, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619034/evaluation-of-two-intervention-models-on-contraceptive-attitudes-and-behaviors-among-nulliparous-women-in-shanghai-china-a-clustered-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Yuan He, Ning Zhang, Jue Wang, Na He, Yan Du, Jing-Xin Ding, Ying Zhang, Xiao-Tian Li, Jian Huang, Ke-Qin Hua
BACKGROUND: With increasing acceptance of premarital sex among young Chinese women, the rates of unintended pregnancies and induced abortions are becoming alarmingly high, suggesting the needs of educating women with adequate contraceptive knowledge and providing them with accessible contraceptive services. Previous studies have shown that knowledge and attitudes towards contraception could be modified through intervention strategies. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of two community intervention models on modifying contraceptive attitudes and behaviors among nulliparous women...
June 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614148/race-and-ethnicity-has-a-mixed-effect-on-the-treatment-of-tibial-plateau-fractures
#9
Adam Driesman, Siddharth A Mahure, Albit Paoli, Christian A Pean, Sanjit R Konda, Kenneth A Egol
OBJECTIVES: To determine if racial or economic disparities are associated with short term complications and outcomes in tibial plateau fracture care. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study SETTING:: All New York State hospital admissions from 2000 to 2014, as recorded by the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: Thirteen thousand five hundred eighteen inpatients with isolated tibial plateau fractures (AO/OTA 44), stratified in four groups: Caucasian, African-American, Hispanic, and Other...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613174/mulog-or-how-to-apply-gaussian-denoisers-to-multi-channel-sar-speckle-reduction
#10
Charles-Alban Deledalle, Loic Denis, Sonia Tabti, Florence Tupin
Speckle reduction is a longstanding topic in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging. Since most current and planned SAR imaging satellites operate in polarimetric, interferometric, or tomographic modes, SAR images are multi-channel and speckle reduction techniques must jointly process all channels to recover polarimetric and interferometric information. The distinctive nature of SAR signal (complex-valued, corrupted by multiplicative fluctuations) calls for the development of specialized methods for speckle reduction...
September 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592445/lymphocyte-galactocerebrosidase-activity-by-lc-ms-ms-for-post-newborn-screening-evaluation-of-krabbe-disease
#11
Hsuan-Chieh Liao, Zdenek Spacil, Farideh Ghomashchi, Maria L Escolar, Joanne Kurtzberg, Joseph J Orsini, Frantisek Turecek, C Ronald Scott, Michael H Gelb
BACKGROUND: Deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme galactosylcerebrosidase (GALC) causes Krabbe disease. Newborn screening for Krabbe disease is ongoing, but improved methods for follow-up analysis of screen-positive babies are needed to better advise families and to optimize treatment. We report a new assay for the enzymatic activity of GALC in lymphocytes. METHODS: T lymphocytes were isolated from venous blood by magnetic bead technology. The assay used a close structural analog of the natural substrate and LC-MS/MS to quantify the amount of product with the aid of a chemically identical internal standard...
June 7, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586636/effectiveness-of-an-online-natural-family-planning-program-for-breastfeeding-women
#12
Richard J Fehring, Mary Schneider, Thomas Bouchard
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effectiveness of an online, nurse-managed natural family planning (NFP) program among breastfeeding women and subgroups of these women. DESIGN: Longitudinal comparative cohort study. SETTING: A university-based online NFP education program and menstrual cycle charting system. PARTICIPANTS: Women (N = 816) with a mean age of 30.3 years (standard deviation = 4.5) who registered to use the online NFP system and indicated they were breastfeeding...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562402/artificial-nutrition-and-hydration-in-people-with-late-stage-dementia
#13
Lenora Smith, Rita Ferguson
The progressive nature of dementia marks this disease as a terminal illness in the advanced stage, and palliative care rather than curative treatment is indicated. The use of feeding tubes to deliver artificial nutrition and hydration at end of life is often part of the plan of care for people with dementia. Current evidence, however, suggests that tube feeding in advanced dementia is not beneficial and the burdens of the procedure and the feedings themselves outweigh any benefits. Evidence also reveals that healthcare providers may lack evidence-based knowledge about artificial nutrition and hydration to adequately inform families and surrogate decision makers...
June 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552191/measuring-geographical-accessibility-to-rural-and-remote-health-care-services-challenges-and-considerations
#14
Tayyab Ikram Shah, Stephan Milosavljevic, Brenna Bath
This research is focused on methodological challenges and considerations associated with the estimation of the geographical aspects of access to healthcare with a focus on rural and remote areas. With the assumption that GIS-based accessibility measures for rural healthcare services will vary across geographic units of analysis and estimation techniques, which could influence the interpretation of spatial access to rural healthcare services. Estimations of geographical accessibility depend on variations of the following three parameters: 1) quality of input data; 2) accessibility method; and 3) geographical area...
June 2017: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546668/tale-of-the-tails-the-missing-postpartum-iucd-strings
#15
Sujnanendra Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Using an intrauterine device (IUD) is many times safer than pregnancy and more effective in preventing pregnancy than oral contraceptives, condoms, spermicidal, any barrier method, or natural family planning. Benefits of healthy timing and spacing of pregnancy are many. Postpartum contraception is becoming popular after introduction of PPIUCD services. OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence, management, clinical outcome of missing strings cases in post-placental and intra-cesarean IUCD...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542894/risk-factors-of-falls-among-inpatients-with-cancer
#16
M D Jun, K M Lee, S A Park
AIM: To investigate the risk factors and predictors of falls according to the general characteristics, conscious state, physical condition and treatment of hospitalized patients with cancer. BACKGROUND: Inpatients with cancer experience falls more frequently than those without cancer, and the degree of injuries is more severe among inpatients with cancer. A specific fall prevention strategy is needed for each patient. Prevention of falls in patients with cancer is very important for improving the quality of nursing care...
May 25, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524458/forelimb-myology-of-carnivorous-marsupials-marsupialia-dasyuridae-implications-for-the-ancestral-body-plan-of-the-australidelphia
#17
Natalie M Warburton, Charlie-Rose Marchal
Carnivorous marsupials of the family Dasyuridae represent a more generalized anatomical condition of both craniodental and postcranial features in comparison to other groups of Australidelphian marsupials. Plesiomorphic characters include polyprotodont dentition, didactylous (rather than syndactylous) pedal morphology, the retention of clavicles and epipubic bones, and an unossified patelloid. In light of the anatomy of the postcranial skeleton, we hypothesized that the muscular anatomy of the Dasyuridae would likely display a range of plesiomorphic traits...
May 19, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514522/use-of-reversible-contraceptive-methods-among-u-s-women-with-physical-or-sensory-disabilities
#18
Justine P Wu, Kimberly S McKee, Michael M McKee, Michelle A Meade, Melissa A Plegue, Ananda Sen
CONTEXT: Women with disabilities experience a higher rate of adverse pregnancy outcomes than women without disabilities. Preventing or delaying pregnancy when that is the best choice for a woman is a critical strategy to reducing pregnancy-related disparities, yet little is known about current contraceptive use among women with disabilities. METHODS: A cohort of 545 reproductive-age women with physical disabilities (i.e., difficulty walking, climbing, dressing or bathing) or sensory disabilities (i...
May 17, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505083/family-planning-and-the-samburu-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-thoughts-of-men-on-a-population-health-and-environment-programme-in-rural-kenya
#19
Loren Kock, Audrey Prost
Population Health and Environment (PHE) strategies are argued to improve ecosystem and human health by addressing family size and its effects on natural resource use, food security, and reproductive health. This study investigates men's views on a PHE family planning (FP) programme delivered among the pastoral Samburu tribe in rural northern Kenya. Three focus group discussions and nine semi-structured interviews were conducted with 27 Samburu men. These discussions revealed support for environmentally-sensitised family planning promotion...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500017/tablet-based-well-being-check-for-the-elderly-development-and-evaluation-of-usability-and-acceptability
#20
Pradeep Ray, Junhua Li, Arni Ariani, Vasvi Kapadia
BACKGROUND: Many elderly people prefer to live at home independently. One of the major concerns raised by the family members is the safety and well-being of their elderly family members when living independently in a home environment. To address this issue, assistive technology solutions have been available in the market. Despite their availability and proliferation, these types of solutions are not popular with the elderly due to their intrusive nature, privacy-related issues, social stigma, and fear of losing human interaction...
May 12, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
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