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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220602/an-observational-study-of-treatment-seeking-users-of-natural-opiates-from-india
#1
Arpit Parmar, Vaibhav Patil, Siddharth Sarkar, Ravindra Rao
BACKGROUND: The type of opioid used influences the severity and complications experienced. Natural opiates (opium and poppy husk) use is a socio-culturally accepted phenomenon reported in India. However, studies on their profile, quality of life, and addiction severity are limited. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this cross-sectional, observational study was to assess the socio-demographic profile, clinical profile, addiction severity, and quality of life of treatment-seeking natural opiate users...
December 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214563/rare-diseases-joining-mainstream-research-and-treatment-based-on-reliable-epidemiological-data
#2
Stephen C Groft, Manuel Posada de la Paz
Despite growing acceptance of patient registries and natural history studies to provide useful information, the rare disease community suffers from the absence of reliable epidemiological data on the prevalence and incidence of most rare diseases in national and global populations. Likewise, the patients and health care providers lack adequate information on the pathophysiology of rare diseases and expected outcomes of these disorders. The rare diseases community includes all of the stakeholders involved in the research and development and dissemination of products and information for the diagnosis, prevention or treatment of rare diseases or conditions...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193041/early-nurse-attrition-in-new-zealand-and-associated-policy-implications
#3
L Walker, J Clendon
AIM: To examine the factors contributing to nurses choosing to exit the nursing profession before retirement age. BACKGROUND: Population growth, ageing and growing demand for health services mean increased demand for nurses. Better retention could help meet this demand, yet little work has been done in New Zealand to understand early attrition. METHODS: An online survey of registered and enrolled nurses and nurse practitioners who had left nursing was used...
November 28, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181874/using-a-statewide-survey-methodology-to-prioritize-pediatric-cardiology-core-content
#4
Ashley E Neal, Elizabeth Lehto, Karen Hughes Miller, Craig Ziegler, Erin Davis
OBJECTIVE: Although pediatrician-reported relevance of Canadian cardiology-specific objectives has been studied, similar data are not available for the 2016 American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) cardiology-specific objectives. This study asked Kentucky trainees, pediatricians, and pediatric cardiologists to identify "most important" content within these objectives. DESIGN, METHODS, OUTCOME MEASURES: This cross-sectional study used an original, online survey instrument based on the 2016 ABP cardiology-specific objectives...
November 27, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180054/-a-therapeutic-education-program-for-parents-of-children-with-asd-preliminary-results-about-the-effectiveness-of-the-etap-program
#5
C Derguy, M Poumeyreau, S Pingault, K M'bailara
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are characterized by particularities of cognitive and socio-adaptive functioning. Daily, they require specific interventions for the disabled person as well as support for parents who often report deterioration in their physical and mental health. To this end, the latest Autism Plan 2013-2017 highlights the need "to help families to be present and active alongside their loved ones, to avoid situations of exhaustion and stress and to enable them to play their role fully in the long term"...
November 24, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178814/natural-hazards-preparedness-in-taiwan-a-comparison-between-households-with-and-without-disabled-members
#6
Ziqiang Han, Hong Wang, Qingyue Du, Yongyi Zeng
People with disabilities are one of the most vulnerable groups to natural hazards. Preparedness is critical to protect life and reduce disaster impact. This article discusses the knowledge of the disaster preparedness behaviors of people with disabilities using updated, representative data from Taiwan (2013 Taiwan Social Change Survey), with a comparison to households without disabled members. The adoption of 6 preparedness activities-relocating vehicles or valuable things to a safer place, purchasing insurance, securing furniture, preparing an emergency kit, planning evacuation, and participating in drills-are used separately as dependent variables...
November 27, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171640/nutritional-supplements-in-anxiety-disorder
#7
Mónica Fernández-Rodríguez, Isabel Rodríguez-Legorburu, María I López-Ibor Alcocer
In recent years, a direct relation between the occurrence of anxiety disorders, sleep disturbances, and mood disorders has been observed as a consequence of poor or inadequate diet. Eating habits in Western societies have greatly changed in recent decades, with an increase in the consumption of foods low in vitamin and mineral content, high in caloric value, and rapidly prepared and easily consumed. It may be that the new lifestyles that directly affect family organization and planning interfere with following a proper diet...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158038/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-and-related-health-information-on-pregnancy-resource-center-websites-a%C3%A2-statewide-content-analysis
#8
Andrea Swartzendruber, Anna Newton-Levinson, Ashley E Feuchs, Ashley L Phillips, Jennifer Hickey, Riley J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy resource centers (PRCs) are nonprofit organizations with a primary mission of promoting childbirth among pregnant women. Given a new state grant program to publicly fund PRCs, we analyzed Georgia PRC websites to describe advertised services and related health information. METHODS: We systematically identified all accessible Georgia PRC websites available from April to June 2016. Entire websites were obtained and coded using defined protocols...
November 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114263/the-current-status-and-factors-associated-with-implanon-service-provision-by-the-health-extension-workers-at-the-health-post-level-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ketsela Desalegn, Eskindir Loha, Mengistu Meskele
Objective: Family Planning is often taken as one of the "Magic Bullet" interventions owing to its high impact and wide reaching nature in achieving multiple goals. This study aimed to assess the current status and the factors associated with health post level Implanon service provision through trained health extension workers in Wolaita zone, southern Ethiopia. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among trained health extension workers in Wolaita zone in February 2013. A simple random sampling technique was used to identify a total of 285 trained HEWs...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113532/the-grounded-theory-of-trust-building
#10
Monir Ramezani, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Eesa Mohammadi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing importance of spiritual care, the delivery of spiritual care is still an area of disagreement among healthcare providers. OBJECTIVE: To develop a grounded theory about spiritual care delivery based on Iranian nurses' perceptions and experiences. A grounded theory approach: A qualitative study using the grounded theory approach. Participants and research context: Data were collected through holding 27 interviews with 25 participants (17 staff nurses, 3 physicians, 3 patients, 1 family member, and 1 nurse assistant)...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096410/review-of-education-focused-health-impact-assessments-conducted-in-the-united-states
#11
Lauren N Gase, Amelia R DeFosset, Maxim Gakh, Celia Harris, Susan R Weisman, Andrew L Dannenberg
BACKGROUND: Health impact assessment (HIA) provides a structured process for examining the potential health impacts of proposed policies, plans, programs, and projects. This study systematically reviewed HIAs conducted in the United States on prekindergarten, primary, and secondary education-focused decisions. METHODS: Relevant HIA reports were identified from web sources in late 2015. Key data elements were abstracted from each report. Four case studies were selected to highlight diversity of topics, methods, and impacts of the assessment process...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043709/estimation-of-day-specific-probabilities-of-conception-during-natural-cycle-in-women-from-babylon
#12
Hanan Al-Taee, Ban J Edan
Background: Identifying predictors of the probabilities of conception related to the timing and frequency of intercourse in the menstrual cycle is essential for couples attempting pregnancy, users of natural family planning methods, and clinicians diagnosing for possible causes of infertility. The aim of this study is to estimate the days in which the likelihood of conception happened by using first trimester ultrasound fetal biometry in natural cycles and spontaneous pregnancy, and to explore some factors that may affect them...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039035/temporal-dynamics-of-land-use-land-cover-change-and-its-prediction-using-ca-ann-model-for-southwestern-coastal-bangladesh
#13
M Tauhid Ur Rahman, Faheemah Tabassum, Md Rasheduzzaman, Humayra Saba, Lina Sarkar, Jannatul Ferdous, Syed Zia Uddin, A Z M Zahedul Islam
Change analysis of land use and land cover (LULC) is a technique to study the environmental degradation and to control the unplanned development. Analysis of the past changing trend of LULC along with modeling future LULC provides a combined opportunity to evaluate and guide the present and future land use policy. The southwest coastal region of Bangladesh, especially Assasuni Upazila of Satkhira District, is the most vulnerable to natural disasters and has faced notable changes in its LULC due to the combined effects of natural and anthropogenic causes...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038071/contraceptive-method-use-in-the-united-states-trends-and-characteristics-between-2008-2012-and-2014
#14
Megan L Kavanaugh, Jenna Jerman
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine levels of, correlates of and changes in the use of individual and grouped methods of contraception among US females aged 15-44 from 2008 to 2014. STUDY DESIGN: Using three rounds of the National Survey of Family Growth, we analyzed samples of 12,279 (2008), 5601 (2012) and 5699 (2014) females. We conducted simple and multivariable logistic regression analyses to identify associations between demographic characteristics and contraceptive use, as well as between characteristics and changes in use patterns...
October 13, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989230/delivering-parent-teen-therapy-for-adhd-through-videoconferencing-a-preliminary-investigation
#15
Margaret H Sibley, Jonathan S Comer, Jaife Gonzalez
Adolescents with ADHD demonstrate notoriously poor treatment utilization. Barriers to access have been partially addressed through tailored therapy content and therapist delivery style; yet, additional challenges to engaging this population remain. To leverage modern technology in support of this aim, the current study investigates parent-teen therapy for ADHD delivered over a videoconferencing format. In this preliminary feasibility study, teens and parents (N=20) received an empirically supported dyadic therapy that incorporates skills-based modules with motivational interviewing...
September 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985192/incorporating-supportive-care-into-the-hemodialysis-unit
#16
Rebecca J Schmidt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Advance care planning is underutilized in patients with dialysis-dependent kidney failure and the provision of high intensity rather than supportive care is a standard practice in most hemodialysis units wherever challenges to incorporating palliative or supportive care into unit processes remain formidable. RECENT FINDINGS: The practice of advance care planning empowers patients, families and physicians and drives decisions about future treatment that align with patients' values, wishes and changing clinical circumstances...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975026/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-trends-and-determinants-of-hiv-aids-knowledge-among-the-bangladeshi-women-based-on-bangladesh-demographic-and-health-surveys-2007-2014
#17
Md Tuhin Sheikh, Md Nizam Uddin, Jahidur Rahman Khan
BACKGROUND: South-Asian countries are considered to be a potential breeding ground for HIV epidemic. Although the prevalence of this incurable disease is low in Bangladesh, women still have been identified as more vulnerable group. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge about HIV/AIDS: its trends and associated factors among the women in Bangladesh. METHODS: We analysed the nationally representative repeatedly cross-sectional Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys (BDHSs) data: 2007, 2011, and 2014...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972519/the-journey-to-become-a-health-literate-organization-a-snapshot-of-health-system-improvement
#18
Cindy Brach
A health literate health care organization is one that makes it easy for people to navigate, understand, and use information and services to take care of their health. This chapter explores the journey that a growing number of organizations are taking to become health literate. Health literacy improvement has increasingly been viewed as a systems issue, one that moves beyond siloed efforts by recognizing that action is required on multiple levels. To help operationalize the shift to a systems perspective, members of the U...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944223/enrollment-childbearing-motivations-and-intentions-of-couples-in-the-creighton-model-effectiveness-intentions-and-behaviors-assessment-ceiba-study
#19
Joseph B Stanford, Christina A Porucznik
CONTEXT: The Creighton Model FertilityCare(TM) System (CrM) is a standardized approach for educating women about the biomarkers of their fertility. Couples can use this information for timing intercourse during "fertile" or "infertile" days in order to try to conceive or to avoid pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: The study of Creighton Model Effectiveness, Intentions, and Behaviors Assessment (CEIBA) was conducted to assess fertility motivations, intentions, fertility-related sexual behaviors, and their impact on effectiveness to avoid and to conceive among new users of the CrM...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938739/sequence-variants-of-khdrbs1-as-high-penetrance-susceptibility-risks-for-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-by-mis-regulating-mrna-alternative-splicing
#20
Binbin Wang, Lin Li, Ying Zhu, Wei Zhang, Xi Wang, Beili Chen, Tengyan Li, Hong Pan, Jing Wang, Kehkooi Kee, Yunxia Cao
STUDY QUESTION: Does a novel heterozygous KHDRBS1 variant, identified using whole-exome sequencing (WES) in two patients with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) in a pedigree, cause defects in mRNA alternative splicing? SUMMARY ANSWER: The heterozygous variant of KHDRBS1 was confirmed to cause defects in alternative splicing of many genes involved in DNA replication and repair. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Studies in mice revealed that Khdrbs1 deficient females are subfertile, which manifests as delayed sexual maturity and significantly reduced numbers of secondary and pre-antral follicles...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
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