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Natural family planning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043709/estimation-of-day-specific-probabilities-of-conception-during-natural-cycle-in-women-from-babylon
#1
Hanan Al-Taee, Ban J Edan
Background: Identifying predictors of the probabilities of conception related to the timing and frequency of intercourse in the menstrual cycle is essential for couples attempting pregnancy, users of natural family planning methods, and clinicians diagnosing for possible causes of infertility. The aim of this study is to estimate the days in which the likelihood of conception happened by using first trimester ultrasound fetal biometry in natural cycles and spontaneous pregnancy, and to explore some factors that may affect them...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039035/temporal-dynamics-of-land-use-land-cover-change-and-its-prediction-using-ca-ann-model-for-southwestern-coastal-bangladesh
#2
M Tauhid Ur Rahman, Faheemah Tabassum, Md Rasheduzzaman, Humayra Saba, Lina Sarkar, Jannatul Ferdous, Syed Zia Uddin, A Z M Zahedul Islam
Change analysis of land use and land cover (LULC) is a technique to study the environmental degradation and to control the unplanned development. Analysis of the past changing trend of LULC along with modeling future LULC provides a combined opportunity to evaluate and guide the present and future land use policy. The southwest coastal region of Bangladesh, especially Assasuni Upazila of Satkhira District, is the most vulnerable to natural disasters and has faced notable changes in its LULC due to the combined effects of natural and anthropogenic causes...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038071/contraceptive-method-use-in-the-united-states-trends-and-characteristics-between-2008-2012-and-2014
#3
Megan L Kavanaugh, Jenna Jerman
OBJECTIVE: To examine levels of, correlates of, and changes in the use of individual and grouped methods of contraception among U.S. females aged 15-44 from 2008 to 2014. STUDY DESIGN: Using three rounds of the National Survey of Family Growth, we analyzed samples of 12,279 (2008), 5,601 (2012), and 5,699 (2014) females. We conducted simple and multivariable logistic regression analyses to identify associations between demographic characteristics and contraceptive use, as well as between characteristics and changes in use patterns...
October 13, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989230/delivering-parent-teen-therapy-for-adhd-through-videoconferencing-a-preliminary-investigation
#4
Margaret H Sibley, Jonathan S Comer, Jaife Gonzalez
Adolescents with ADHD demonstrate notoriously poor treatment utilization. Barriers to access have been partially addressed through tailored therapy content and therapist delivery style; yet, additional challenges to engaging this population remain. To leverage modern technology in support of this aim, the current study investigates parent-teen therapy for ADHD delivered over a videoconferencing format. In this preliminary feasibility study, teens and parents (N=20) received an empirically supported dyadic therapy that incorporates skills-based modules with motivational interviewing...
September 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985192/incorporating-supportive-care-into-the-hemodialysis-unit
#5
Rebecca J Schmidt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Advance care planning is underutilized in patients with dialysis-dependent kidney failure and the provision of high intensity rather than supportive care is a standard practice in most hemodialysis units wherever challenges to incorporating palliative or supportive care into unit processes remain formidable. RECENT FINDINGS: The practice of advance care planning empowers patients, families and physicians and drives decisions about future treatment that align with patients' values, wishes and changing clinical circumstances...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975026/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-trends-and-determinants-of-hiv-aids-knowledge-among-the-bangladeshi-women-based-on-bangladesh-demographic-and-health-surveys-2007-2014
#6
Md Tuhin Sheikh, Md Nizam Uddin, Jahidur Rahman Khan
BACKGROUND: South-Asian countries are considered to be a potential breeding ground for HIV epidemic. Although the prevalence of this incurable disease is low in Bangladesh, women still have been identified as more vulnerable group. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge about HIV/AIDS: its trends and associated factors among the women in Bangladesh. METHODS: We analysed the nationally representative repeatedly cross-sectional Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys (BDHSs) data: 2007, 2011, and 2014...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972519/the-journey-to-become-a-health-literate-organization-a-snapshot-of-health-system-improvement
#7
Cindy Brach
A health literate health care organization is one that makes it easy for people to navigate, understand, and use information and services to take care of their health. This chapter explores the journey that a growing number of organizations are taking to become health literate. Health literacy improvement has increasingly been viewed as a systems issue, one that moves beyond siloed efforts by recognizing that action is required on multiple levels. To help operationalize the shift to a systems perspective, members of the U...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944223/enrollment-childbearing-motivations-and-intentions-of-couples-in-the-creighton-model-effectiveness-intentions-and-behaviors-assessment-ceiba-study
#8
Joseph B Stanford, Christina A Porucznik
CONTEXT: The Creighton Model FertilityCare(TM) System (CrM) is a standardized approach for educating women about the biomarkers of their fertility. Couples can use this information for timing intercourse during "fertile" or "infertile" days in order to try to conceive or to avoid pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: The study of Creighton Model Effectiveness, Intentions, and Behaviors Assessment (CEIBA) was conducted to assess fertility motivations, intentions, fertility-related sexual behaviors, and their impact on effectiveness to avoid and to conceive among new users of the CrM...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938739/sequence-variants-of-khdrbs1-as-high-penetrance-susceptibility-risks-for-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-by-mis-regulating-mrna-alternative-splicing
#9
Binbin Wang, Lin Li, Ying Zhu, Wei Zhang, Xi Wang, Beili Chen, Tengyan Li, Hong Pan, Jing Wang, Kehkooi Kee, Yunxia Cao
STUDY QUESTION: Does a novel heterozygous KHDRBS1 variant, identified using whole-exome sequencing (WES) in two patients with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) in a pedigree, cause defects in mRNA alternative splicing? SUMMARY ANSWER: The heterozygous variant of KHDRBS1 was confirmed to cause defects in alternative splicing of many genes involved in DNA replication and repair. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Studies in mice revealed that Khdrbs1 deficient females are subfertile, which manifests as delayed sexual maturity and significantly reduced numbers of secondary and pre-antral follicles...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935629/paediatric-advance-care-planning-survey-a-cross-sectional-examination-of-congruence-and-discordance-between-adolescents-with-hiv-aids-and-their-families
#10
Maureen E Lyon, Ronald H Dallas, Patricia A Garvie, Megan L Wilkins, Ana Garcia, Yao Iris Cheng, Jichuan Wang
OBJECTIVES: To identify patient-reported paediatric advance care planning (pACP) needs of adolescents living with HIV and to examine the congruence with their family's perception of their needs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among six paediatric hospital-based outpatient HIV specialty clinics. Participants included 48 adolescent/family dyads (n=96 participants) within a larger study facilitating pACP. The main outcome measure was the Lyon Advance Care Planning Survey - Adolescent and Surrogate Versions-Revised...
September 21, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932318/khan-krum-the-fearsome-a-noble-bulgarian-with-iris-fibroma
#11
Georgi Tchernev, Hristo Mangarov, Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva
A 40-year-old Caucasian, the otherwise healthy male patient, presented with 3-years history of a prominent tumor-like formation, located on his back, without subjective complaints. Initially, the lesion was 1-2 cm in size but gradually increased to a visible-pronounced tumor-like formation. No other dermatologic diseases, neither other known abnormalities were reported for the medical and family history. Softly-elastic on palpation tumor-like formation was established in the left infrascapular area of the back, measuring 8/9 cm in diameter...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930624/the-relationship-between-ambivalent-and-indifferent-pregnancy-desires-and-contraceptive-use-among-malawian-women
#12
Sarah Huber, Allahna Esber, Sarah Garver, Venson Banda, Alison Norris
CONTEXT: Pregnancy ambivalence and pregnancy indifference are thought to be associated with nonuse of contraceptives, but their conceptualization and measurement vary, and their relationship to contraceptive use in developing countries is poorly understood. METHODS: Data from the Umoyo wa Thanzi research program in rural Lilongwe, Malawi, were used to classify the pregnancy desires of 592 women aged 15-39 as antinatal, pronatal, ambivalent or indifferent, according to both the women's desire to conceive and their desire to avoid pregnancy...
July 5, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925878/genistein-induces-alterations-of-epigenetic-modulatory-signatures-in-human-cervical-cancer-cells
#13
Madhumitha Kedhari Sundaram, Mohammad Zeeshan Ansari, Abdullah Al Mutery, Maryam Ashraf, Reem Nasab, Sheethal Rai, Naushad Rais, Arif Hussain
Introduction Epidemiological studies indicate that diet rich in fruits and vegetables are associated with decreased cancer risk thereby indicating that dietary polyphenols can be potential chemo-preventive agents. The reversible nature of epigenetic modifications makes them a favorable target for cancer prevention. Polyphenols have been shown to reverse aberrant epigenetic patterns by targeting the regulatory enzymes, DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs). In vitro and in silico studies of DNMTs and HDACs were planned to examine genistein's role as a natural epigenetic modifier in human cervical cancer cells, HeLa...
September 18, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911749/effect-of-participatory-women-s-groups-and-counselling-through-home-visits-on-children-s-linear-growth-in-rural-eastern-india-caring-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, H S Sachdev, Hemanta Pradhan, Sanghita Bhattacharyya, Rajkumar Gope, Sumitra Gagrai, Shibanand Rath, Suchitra Rath, Rajesh Sinha, Swati Sarbani Roy, Suhas Shewale, Vijay Singh, Aradhana Srivastava, Anthony Costello, Andrew Copas, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Naomi Saville, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: Around 30% of the world's stunted children live in India. The Government of India has proposed a new cadre of community-based workers to improve nutrition in 200 districts. We aimed to find out the effect of such a worker carrying out home visits and participatory group meetings on children's linear growth. METHODS: We did a cluster-randomised controlled trial in two adjoining districts of Jharkhand and Odisha, India. 120 clusters (around 1000 people each) were randomly allocated to intervention or control using a lottery...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902245/tooth-resorptions-are-not-hereditary
#15
Alberto Consolaro, Débora de Almeida Bianco
Root resorptions caused by orthodontic movement are not supported by consistent scientific evidence that correlate them with heredity, individual predisposition and genetic or familial susceptibility. Current studies are undermined by methodological and interpretative errors, especially regarding the diagnosis and measurements of root resorption from orthopantomographs and cephalograms. Samples are heterogeneous insofar as they comprise different clinical operators, varied types of planning, and in insufficient number, in view of the prevalence of tooth resorptions in the population...
July 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882650/does-access-to-green-space-impact-the-mental-well-being-of-children-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Rachel McCormick
PROBLEM: An increasing body of research is showing associations between green space and overall health. Children are spending more time indoors while pediatric mental and behavioral health problems are increasing. A systematic review of the literature was done to examine the association between access to green space and the mental well-being of children. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Articles were limited to English language, ages 0-18 years, and publish date 2012-2017...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874157/male-involvement-in-maternal-healthcare-through-community-based-health-planning-and-services-the-views-of-the-men-in-rural-ghana
#17
Bassoumah Bougangue, How Kee Ling
BACKGROUND: The need to promote maternal health in Ghana has committed the government to extend maternal healthcare services to the door steps of rural families through the community-based Health Planning and Services. Based on the concerns raised in previous studies that male spouses were indifferent towards maternal healthcare, this study sought the views of men on their involvement in maternal healthcare in their respective communities and at the household levels in the various Community-based Health Planning and Services zones in Awutu-Senya West District in the Central Region of Ghana...
September 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861408/a-latent-markov-model-with-covariates-to-study-unobserved-heterogeneity-among-fertility-patterns-of-couples-employing-natural-family-planning-methods
#18
Fulvia Pennoni, Michele Barbato, Serena Del Zoppo
PURPOSE: We use the historical data from the European Study of Daily Fecundability and we develop an algorithm to determine the fertile window in a woman's cycle according to the rules of the C.A.Me.N. symptothermal method proposed by the Centro Ambrosiano Metodi Naturali. Our aim is to identify variables acting on the probability of conception by considering the fertile window and factors that cannot be explained by employing the observed covariates of individuals and couples. METHODS: We adopt the latent Markov model with covariates tailored for data collected at times when a latent process detects the dependence across fertile periods of each woman's cycle...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854888/principles-and-processes-behind-promoting-awareness-of-rights-for-quality-maternal-care-services-a-synthesis-of-stakeholder-experiences-and-implementation-factors
#19
Asha S George, Casey Branchini
BACKGROUND: Promoting awareness of rights is a value-based process that entails a different way of thinking and acting, which is at times misunderstood or deemed as aspirational. METHODS: Guided by the SURE framework, we undertook a secondary analysis of 26 documents identified by an earlier systematic review on promoting awareness of rights to increase use of maternity care services. We thematically analysed stakeholder experiences and implementation factors across the diverse initiatives to derive common elements to guide future efforts...
August 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851786/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-a-community-based-multidisciplinary-family-focused-childhood-weight-management-programme-in-ireland-a-qualitative-study
#20
Emily Kelleher, Janas M Harrington, Frances Shiely, Ivan J Perry, Sheena M McHugh
OBJECTIVE: To explore the barriers and facilitators experienced by those implementing a government-funded, community-based childhood weight management programme. DESIGN: Qualitative using semistructured interviews. SETTING: Two geographical regions in the south and west of Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 29 national-level and local-level stakeholders responsible for implementing the programme, including professionals from dietetics, psychology, public health nursing, physiotherapy, health promotion and administration...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
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