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Natural family planning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446229/expanding-protection-motivation-theory-investigating-an-application-to-animal-owners-and-emergency-responders-in-bushfire-emergencies
#1
Rachel Westcott, Kevin Ronan, Hilary Bambrick, Melanie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) was developed by Rogers in 1975, to describe how individuals are motivated to react in a self-protective way towards a perceived health threat. Rogers expected the use of PMT to diversify over time, which has proved true over four decades. The purpose of this paper is to explore how PMT can be used and expanded to inform and improve public safety strategies in natural hazards. As global climate change impacts on the Australian environment, natural hazards seem to be increasing in scale and frequency, and Emergency Services' public education campaigns have necessarily escalated to keep pace with perceived public threat...
April 26, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442189/exploring-how-residents-who-partially-participate-in-family-planning-training-determine-their-level-of-participation
#2
Jema K Turk, Felisa Preskill, Alecia Fields, Uta Landy, Jody E Steinauer
OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires that obstetrics and gynecology residency programs provide access to abortion training, though residents may elect to opt out of participating due to religious or moral objections. While clinical benefits of partial participation have previously been explored, our study aimed to explore how residents navigate partial participation in abortion training and determine their limits. STUDY DESIGN: This study was qualitative in nature...
April 22, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420191/designing-effective-interactions-for-concordance-around-end-of-life-care-decisions-lessons-from-hospice-admission-nurses
#3
Carey Candrian, Channing Tate, Kirsten Broadfoot, Alexandra Tsantes, Daniel Matlock, Jean Kutner
Near the end of life, hospice care reduces symptom-related distress and hospitalizations while improving caregiving outcomes. However, it takes time for a person to gain a sufficient understanding of hospice and decide to enroll. This decision is influenced by knowledge of hospice and its services, emotion and fear, cultural and religious beliefs, and an individual's acceptance of diagnosis. Hospice admission interactions, a key influence in shaping decisions regarding hospice care, happen particularly late in the illness trajectory and are often complex, unpredictable, and highly variable...
April 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401937/progesterone-based-compounds-affect-immune-responses-and-susceptibility-to-infections-at-diverse-mucosal-sites
#4
REVIEW
Olivia J Hall, Sabra L Klein
Over 100 million women worldwide are currently on progesterone-based contraceptives to improve their health outcomes through reduced maternal mortality and family planning. In addition to their role in reproduction, progesterone-based compounds modulate immune responses throughout the body, particularly at mucosal sites. By binding to receptors located in immune cells, including natural killer cells, macrophages, dendritic cells, and T cells, as well in non-immune cells, such as epithelial and endothelial cells, progesterone-based compounds alter cellular signaling and activity to affect the outcome of infections at diverse mucosal sites, including the genital, gastrointestinal, and respiratory tracts...
April 12, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396404/eight-minute-self-regulation-intervention-raises-educational-attainment-at-scale-in-individualist-but-not-collectivist-cultures
#5
René F Kizilcec, Geoffrey L Cohen
Academic credentials open up a wealth of opportunities. However, many people drop out of educational programs, such as community college and online courses. Prior research found that a brief self-regulation strategy can improve self-discipline and academic outcomes. Could this strategy support learners at large scale? Mental contrasting with implementation intentions (MCII) involves writing about positive outcomes associated with a goal, the obstacles to achieving it, and concrete if-then plans to overcome them...
April 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395673/rural-community-disaster-preparedness-and-risk-perception-in-trujillo-peru
#6
Matthew Stewart, Bridget Grahmann, Ariel Fillmore, L Scott Benson
Introduction Disasters will continue to occur throughout the world and it is the responsibility of the government, health care systems, and communities to adequately prepare for potential catastrophic scenarios. Unfortunately, low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) are especially vulnerable following a disaster. By understanding disaster preparedness and risk perception, interventions can be developed to improve community preparedness and avoid unnecessary mortality and morbidity following a natural disaster...
April 11, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373749/influencing-factors-of-inpatient-expenditure-pattern-for-cancer-in-china-2015
#7
Lan Lan, Yue Cai, Tao Zhang, Ruixian Wu, Ming Xue, Qun Meng
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the proportion of cancer-caused hospitalization expenses in total hospitalization expenses from national authoritative data and explored influencing factors of the proportion so as to provide effective data information for more rational utilization of health resources. METHODS: Two-level lineal regression model was used to explore influencing factors of ratios of the cancer inpatient expenditure over the total inpatient expenditure of hospitals in China in 2015...
February 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349048/use-of-natural-family-planning-nfp-and-its-effect-on-couple-relationships-and-sexual-satisfaction-a-multi-country-survey-of-nfp-users-from-us-and-europe
#8
Matthias Unseld, Elisabeth Rötzer, Roman Weigl, Eva K Masel, Michael D Manhart
PURPOSE: Birth control is a persistent global health concern. Natural family planning (NFP) comprises methods to achieve or avoid pregnancy independent of mechanical or pharmacological intervention. The sympto-thermal method (STM) of NFP employs daily observation of cervical fluids and measurement of basal body temperature. This multi-country study was undertaken to describe the characteristics of STM users, understand their perceptions of NFP, and its perceived impact on relationships...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330398/mental-health-consequences-and-social-issues-after-the-fukushima-disaster
#9
Masaharu Maeda, Misari Oe
The Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent nuclear power plant accident caused multidimensional and long-term effects on the mental health condition of people living in Fukushima. In this article, focusing on the influence of the nuclear disaster, we present an overview of studies regarding the psychosocial consequences of people in Fukushima. Studies revealed that the experiences of the explosions at the plant as well as the tsunami are deeply embedded in their memory, leading to posttraumatic responses...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306228/diagnosis-natural-history-and-management-in-vascular-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#10
Peter H Byers, John Belmont, James Black, Julie De Backer, Michael Frank, Xavier Jeunemaitre, Diana Johnson, Melanie Pepin, Leema Robert, Lynn Sanders, Nigel Wheeldon
Vascular Ehlers Danlos syndrome (vEDS) is an uncommon genetic disorders characterized by arterial aneurysm, dissection and rupture, bowel rupture, and rupture of the gravid uterus. The frequency is estimated as 1/50,000-1/200,000 and results from pathogenic variants in COL3A1, which encodes the chains of type III procollagen, a major protein in vessel walls and hollow organs. Initial diagnosis depends on the recognitions of clinical features, including family history. Management is complex and requires multiple specialists who can respond to and manage the major complications...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300761/incorporating-hypnosis-into-pediatric-clinical-encounters
#11
Robert A Pendergrast
Increasing numbers of licensed health professionals who care for children have been trained in clinical hypnosis. The evidence base for the safety and efficacy of this therapeutic approach in a wide variety of conditions is also growing. Pediatricians and other health professionals who have received training may wish to apply these skills in appropriate clinical scenarios but still may be unsure of the practical matters of how to incorporate this skill-set into day to day practice. Moreover, the practical application of such skills will take very different forms depending on the practice setting, types of acute or chronic conditions, patient and family preferences, and the developmental stages of the child or teen...
March 16, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299201/lyssaviruses-and-rabies-current-conundrums-concerns-contradictions-and-controversies
#12
REVIEW
Charles Rupprecht, Ivan Kuzmin, Francois Meslin
Lyssaviruses are bullet-shaped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses and the causative agents of the ancient zoonosis rabies. Africa is the likely home to the ancestors of taxa residing within the Genus Lyssavirus, Family Rhabdoviridae. Diverse lyssaviruses are envisioned as co-evolving with bats, as the ultimate reservoirs, over seemingly millions of years. In terms of relative distribution, overt abundance, and resulting progeny, rabies virus is the most successful lyssavirus species today, but for unknown reasons...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290934/health-related-coping-behaviors-and-mental-health-in-military-personnel
#13
Jessica Kelley Morgan, Laurel Hourani, Stephen Tueller
BACKGROUND: Our previous research has highlighted the important link between coping behaviors and mental health symptoms in military personnel. This study seeks to extend these findings by examining each coping behavior and mental health issue individually. This study has four specific aims: (1) test cross-sectional relationships between coping and mental health at baseline and follow-up, (2) examine stability of each variable over time, (3) determine the predictive nature of baseline mental health and coping on subsequent mental health and coping, (4) assess the magnitude of each effect to evaluate the differential predictive value of coping behaviors and mental health symptoms...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284702/the-role-of-registries-in-rare-genetic-lipid-disorders-review-and-introduction-of-the-first-global-registry-in-lipoprotein-lipase-deficiency
#14
REVIEW
Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Erik Stroes, Handrean Soran, Colin Johnson, Philippe Moulin, Giorgio Iotti, Marco Zibellini, Bas Ossenkoppele, Michaela Dippel, Maurizio R Averna
A good understanding of the natural history of rare genetic lipid disorders is a pre-requisite for successful patient management. Disease registries have been helpful in this regard. Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency (LPLD) is a rare, autosomal-recessive lipid disorder characterized by severe hypertriglyceridemia and a very high risk for recurrent acute pancreatitis, however, only limited data are available on its natural course. Alipogene tiparvovec (Glybera(®)) is the first gene therapy to receive Marketing Authorization in the European Union; GENIALL (GENetherapy In the MAnagement of Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency), a 15-year registry focusing on LPLD was launched in 2014 as part of its Risk Management Plan...
August 21, 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283146/health-libraries-and-information-services-in-tanzania-a-strategic-assessment
#15
Hussein Haruna, Majaliwa Mtoroki, Dan D Gerendasy, Ellen G Detlefsen
BACKGROUND: The intention of the Government of Tanzania is to establish more health information resource canters in all health facilities. With this regard, health information science personnel are needed to provide adequate and accurate health information services. However, availability of these personnel remains to be a challenge because of their non-existence. OBJECTIVE: To identify the current status and local impact of health sciences libraries and user perception of these libraries, as a prerequisite to the development of a competence-based curriculum for health information science training in Tanzania...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263272/the-emotional-well-being-of-nurses-and-nurse-leaders-in-crisis
#16
Karen Livornese, Jena Vedder
In a world after 9/11, Hurricane Katrina, and Sandy Hook, plenty of literature has emerged on the subject of disaster management, but little is specific to the emotional well-being of the health care staff dedicated to serve during a crisis. Disasters, whether natural or man-made, are episodic but becoming more frequent. Nurses may find themselves in hospitals affected by a disaster, awaiting a surge of patients while supplied with only limited resources. Or, they may be deployed to austere environments where they are challenged to operate clinics, surrounded by the rubble of an earthquake...
April 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229521/microbial-potential-for-carbon-and-nutrient-cycling-in-a-geogenic-supercritical-carbon-dioxide-reservoir
#17
Adam J E Freedman, BoonFei Tan, Janelle R Thompson
Microorganisms catalyze carbon cycling and biogeochemical reactions in the deep subsurface and thus may be expected to influence the fate of injected supercritical (sc) CO2 following geological carbon sequestration (GCS). We hypothesized that natural subsurface scCO2 reservoirs, which serve as analogs for the long-term fate of sequestered scCO2 , harbor a "deep carbonated biosphere" with carbon cycling potential. We sampled subsurface fluids from scCO2 -water separators at a natural scCO2 reservoir at McElmo Dome, Colorado for analysis of 16S rRNA gene diversity and metagenome content...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226395/healthcare-professionals-accounts-of-challenges-in-managing-motor-neurone-disease-in-primary-healthcare-a-qualitative-study
#18
Sverre Vigeland Lerum, Kari Nyheim Solbraekke, Jan C Frich
Motor neurone disease (MND) is a progressive neurological disease causing muscle wasting, gradual paralysis and respiratory failure, with a life expectancy of 2-4 years. In order to better understand how MND is managed in the community, we conducted a qualitative study to explore the challenges healthcare professionals encounter when managing MND in primary healthcare. Based on data from 15 semi-structured interviews with primary healthcare professionals in Norway, we found that MND is viewed as a condition that requires exceptional effort and detailed planning...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222493/mobilising-culture-against-domestic-violence-in-migrant-and-ethnic-communities-practitioner-perspectives-from-aotearoa-new-zealand
#19
Rachel Simon-Kumar, Priya A Kurian, Faith Young-Silcock, Nirmala Narasimhan
Studies on domestic violence in ethnic minority communities highlight that social norms, family structures and cultural practices are among the key triggers of violence against women. Not surprisingly, most anti-violence interventions in these communities aim to redeem women from the oppressive features of these cultures. More recently, however, emergent scholarship advocates mobilising, rather than erasing, culture within existing anti-violence strategies. This paper explores the nature of culturally informed interventions used by front-line workers...
February 21, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149979/a-look-at-the-burden-of-opioid-management-in-primary-care
#20
Morteza Khodaee, Brandy Deffenbacher
PURPOSE: Pain management with opioids in primary care is challenging. The objective of this study was to identify the number of opioid-related tasks in our clinics and determine whether opioid-related tasks occur more often in a residency setting. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational review of an electronic health record (EHR) system to evaluate tasks related to the use of opioids and other controlled substances. Tasks are created in the EHR when patients call the clinic; the task-box system is a means of communication within the EHR...
December 2016: Journal of Family Practice
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