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Swapnil Bhuktare, Arnab Bose, Hanuman Singh, Ashwin A Tulapurkar
A gyrator is a non-reciprocal two port device with 180° phase shift in the transmissions between two ports. Though electromagnetic realizations of gyrators have been well studied, devices based on other forms of interaction are relatively unexplored. Here we demonstrate a device in which signal is transmitted via magneto-elastic coupling, can function as a gyrator. The device is built on a piezoelectric substrate: one port of this device has interdigital transducers (IDTs) and the other port has a periodic array of nickel/gold lines...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ting-Tso Yeh, Tsung-Yu Huang, Takuo Tanaka, Ta-Jen Yen
We design and construct a three-dimensional (3D) negative index medium (NIM) composed of gold hemispherical shells to supplant an integration of a split-ring resonator and a discrete plasmonic wire for both negative permeability and permittivity at THz gap. With the proposed highly symmetric gold hemispherical shells, the negative index is preserved at multiple incident angles ranging from 0° to 85° for both TE and TM waves, which is further evidenced by negative phase flows in animated field distributions and outweighs conventional fishnet structures with operating frequency shifts when varying incident angles...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
Zhifeng Du, Raphael E F de Paiva, Kristina Nelson, Nicholas P Farrell
Traveling wave ion mobility (TWIM) mass spectrometry (MS) is a powerful method for the structural and conformational analysis of proteins and peptides, enabling the differentiation of isomeric peptides (or proteins) that have the same sequence but are modified at different residues. In this study, the TWIM-MS technique was used to separate isomeric Au(I) metallopeptide ions that were formed by Zn(II) displacement from the parent zinc fingers (ZFs). The synthetic gold finger peptides were derived from the C-terminus of the HIV nucleocapsid p7 protein (NCp7-F2) and finger 3 of the Sp1 transcription factor (Sp1-F3)...
March 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Craig Formby, Peggy Korczak, LaGuinn P Sherlock, Monica L Hawley, Susan Gold
In this report of three cases, we consider electrophysiologic measures from three hyperacusic hearing-impaired individuals who, prior to treatment to expand their dynamic ranges for loudness, were problematic hearing aid candidates because of their diminished sound tolerance and reduced dynamic ranges. Two of these individuals were treated with structured counseling combined with low-level broadband sound therapy from bilateral sound generators and the third case received structured counseling in combination with a short-acting placebo sound therapy...
February 2017: Seminars in Hearing
M Flesch, M Pernot, J Provost, G Ferin, A Nguyen-Dinh, M Tanter, T Deffieux
4D ultrafast ultrasound imaging was recently shown using a 2D matrix (i.e. fully populated) connected to a 1024-channel ultrafast ultrasound scanner. In this study, we investigate the row-column addressing (RCA) matrix approach, which allows a reduction of independent channels from N  ×  N to N  +  N, with a dedicated beamforming strategy for ultrafast ultrasound imaging based on the coherent compounding of orthogonal plane wave (OPW). OPW is based on coherent compounding of plane wave transmissions in one direction with receive beamforming along the orthogonal direction and its orthogonal companion sequence...
March 1, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Wei-Wei Ren, Xiao-Long Li, Ya-Ping He, Dan-Dan Li, Dan Wang, Chong-Ke Zhao, Xiao-Wan Bo, Bo-Ji Liu, Wen-Wen Yue, Hui-Xiong Xu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of two different shear wave elastography (SWE) techniques in distinguishing malignant breast lesions from benign ones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2016 to May 2016, a total of 153 breast lesions (mean diameter, 16.8 mm±10.5; range 4.1-90.0 mm) in 153 patients (mean age, 46.4 years±15.1; age range 20-86 years) were separately performed by two different SWE techniques (i.e. T-SWE, Aplio500, Toshiba Medical System, Tochigi, Japan; and S-SWE, the Aixplorer US system, SuperSonic Imagine, Provence, France)...
2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
E Guarini, S Bellissima, U Bafile, E Farhi, A De Francesco, F Formisano, F Barocchi
We show that by exploiting multi-Lorentzian fits of the self-dynamic structure factor at various wave vectors it is possible to carefully perform the Q→0 extrapolation required to determine the spectrum Z(ω) of the velocity autocorrelation function of a liquid. The smooth Q dependence of the fit parameters makes their extrapolation to Q=0 a simple procedure from which Z(ω) becomes computable, with the great advantage of solving the problems related to resolution broadening of either experimental or simulated self-spectra...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
Jian Wu, Dao Xiang, Reuven Gordon
We monitor in situ gold nanoparticle growth in aqueous solution by probing the acoustic vibrations with four-wave mixing. We observe two acoustic vibrational modes of gold nanoparticles from the nonlinear optical response: an extensional mode with longitudinal expansion and transverse contraction and a breathing mode with radial expansion and contraction. The mode frequencies, which show an inverse dependence on the nanoparticle diameter, allow one to monitor the nanoparticle size and size distribution during synthesis...
January 30, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Kavitha Rani P R, Annette Fernandez, Shiny P Laila, Arunkumar B, Sreelakshmi C S, Vishnu V S
A phenaxazone compound [5H-Benzo[a]phenoxazin-5-one (BP)]along with an aminoquinone[2-[(o-hydroxyphenyl)amino]-1,4-naphthaquinone (HAN)] derivatives were synthesized from lawsone using ultrasound irradiation technique. The structure of the compounds were characterized by elemental analysis and various spectral studies. Optoelectronic properties were studied using Schrodinger material science suit (2015). The compounds exhibit fluorescence emission in longer wave length it may find applications in photodynamic therapy...
January 22, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Amanda M Goodman, Nathaniel J Hogan, Samuel Gottheim, Carrie Li, Susan E Clare, Naomi J Halas
Nanoparticle-based platforms for gene therapy and drug delivery are gaining popularity for cancer treatment. To improve therapeutic selectivity, one important strategy is to remotely trigger the release of a therapeutic cargo from a specially designed gene- or drug-laden near-infrared (NIR) absorbing gold nanoparticle complex with NIR light. While there have been multiple demonstrations of NIR nanoparticle-based release platforms, our understanding of how light-triggered release works in such complexes is still limited...
January 24, 2017: ACS Nano
Trine Seeberg, James Orr, Hanne Austad, Morten Roed, Steffen Dalgard, David Houghton, David Jones, Frode Strisland
OBJECTIVE: One promising approach for a continuous, non-invasive, cuff-less ambulatory BP monitor is to measure the pulse wave velocity or the inversely proportional pulse transit time (PTT), based on electrical and optical physiological measurements in the chest area. A device termed IsenseU-BP+ has been developed for measuring continuous BP, as well as other physiological data. The objective of this paper is to present results from the first clinical evaluation with a wide range of patients...
September 12, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Ranjit Chaudhary, Kulwant Singh, Chirag S Dausage, Nidhi Jain
A 55-year-old male presented, in June 2013, with left flank pain. Investigations revealed a complete staghorn stone. He had undergone two sittings of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in 2008 for left renal stone. One year subsequent to this, he was diagnosed with hypertension and diabetes. The management of complete staghorn stones in a single sitting is a difficult proposition. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the gold standard to manage such stones. The patient was subjected to PCNL, and complete clearance was achieved in one sitting...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Eduard Carbonell-Sanromà, Pedro Brandimarte, Richard Balog, Martina Corso, Shigeki Kawai, Aran Garcia-Lekue, Shohei Saito, Shigehiro Yamaguchi, Ernst Meyer, Daniel Sánchez-Portal, Jose Ignacio Pascual
Bottom-up chemical reactions of selected molecular precursors on a gold surface can produce high quality graphene nanoribbons (GNRs). Here, we report on the formation of quantum dots embedded in an armchair GNR by substitutional inclusion of pairs of boron atoms into the GNR backbone. The boron inclusion is achieved through the addition of a small amount of boron substituted precursors during the formation of pristine GNRs. In the pristine region between two boron pairs, the nanoribbons show a discretization of their valence band into confined modes compatible with a Fabry-Perot resonator...
January 11, 2017: Nano Letters
Rui Cong, Jing Li, Song Guo
OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy of qualitative shear wave elastography (SWE) in the classification and evaluation of solid breast masses, and to compare this method with conventional ultrasonograghy (US), quantitative SWE parameters and qualitative SWE classification proposed before. METHODS: From April 2015 to March 2016, 314 consecutive females with 325 breast masses who decided to undergo core needle biopsy and/or surgical biopsy were enrolled. Conventional US and SWE were previously performed in all enrolled subjects...
February 2017: European Journal of Radiology
Syed Shams Ul Hassan, Abdul Lateef Shaikh
Marine actinobacteria have been considered as a gold mine with respect to great potential regarding their secondary metabolites. Most of the researches have been conducted on actinobacteria's derived secondary metabolites to examine its pharmacological properties. Actinobacteria have a potential to provide future drugs against crucial diseases, such as drug-resistance bacteria, cancer, a range of viral illnesses, malaria, several infections and inflammations. Although, the mode of action of many bio molecules are still untapped, for a tangible number of compounds by which they interfere with human pathogenesis are reported here with detailed diagrammed illustrations...
March 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Agnese Giacomino, Andrea Ruo Redda, Stefania Squadrone, Marco Rizzi, Maria Cesarina Abete, Carmela La Gioia, Rosanna Toniolo, Ornella Abollino, Mery Malandrino
The applicability to the determination of mercury in tuna of square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SW-ASV) conducted at both solid gold electrode (SGE) and a gold nanoparticle-modified glassy carbon electrode (AuNPs-GCE) was demonstrated. Mercury content in two certified materials and in ten samples of canned tuna was measured. The performances of the electrodes were compared with one another as well as with two spectroscopic techniques, namely cold vapour atomic absorption spectroscopy (CV-AAS) and a direct mercury analyser (DMA)...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Yann Desailly, Anne-Marie Tissier, Jean-Michel Correas, Frédéric Wintzenrieth, Mickaël Tanter, Olivier Couture
Contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) takes advantage of the nonlinear behaviour of injected microbubbles. If these contrast techniques yield good specificity between bubbles and tissues, they suffer some drawbacks, inherently linked to their dependence on nonlinear content. In recent years, plane-wave ultrasound reached frame rates of up to 20 000 fps. In this study we propose a linear technique for CEUS that takes advantage of these very high frame rates to separate bubbles from tissue without requiring nonlinearities...
January 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Pin Chieh Wu, Wei-Yi Tsai, Wei Ting Chen, Yao-Wei Huang, Ting-Yu Chen, Jia-Wern Chen, Chun Yen Liao, Cheng Hung Chu, Greg Sun, Din Ping Tsai
All forms of light manipulation rely on light-matter interaction, the primary mechanism of which is the modulation of its electromagnetic fields by the localized electromagnetic fields of atoms. One of the important factors that influence the strength of interaction is the polarization of the electromagnetic field. The generation and manipulation of light polarization have been traditionally accomplished with bulky optical components such as waveplates, polarizers, and polarization beam splitters that are optically thick...
December 8, 2016: Nano Letters
Yuichi Hayashi, Yasushi Iwasaki, Akira Takekoshi, Nobuaki Yoshikura, Takahiko Asano, Maya Mimuro, Akio Kimura, Katsuya Satoh, Tetsuyuki Kitamoto, Mari Yoshida, Takashi Inuzuka
Here we report an autopsy-verified case of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD)-transactivation responsive region (TAR) DNA binding protein (TDP) type A with upper motor neuron-predominant motor neuron disease mimicking MM2-thalamic-type sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD). A 69-year-old woman presented with an 11-month history of progressive dementia, irritability, insomnia, and gait disturbance without a family history of dementia or prion disease. Neurological examination revealed severe dementia, frontal signs, and exaggerated bilateral tendon reflexes...
November 2016: Prion
Fang Liu, Lin Wei, Shanshan Wang, Bin Huang
Objective: To compare transient elastorgaphy (FibroTouch) and acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) in diagnosis of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B. Methods: One hundred and forty five patients with chronic hepatitis B underwent FibroTouch and ARFI examinations in Xixi Hospital of Hangzhou from January to November 2015. The liver stiffness (LSM) was detected by FibroTouch and the liver shear wave velocity (VTQ) was detected by ARFI; liver biopsy was performed in all patients. With biopsy results as gold standards, the diagnostic values of FibroTouch and ARFI for liver fibrosis were analyzed with Spearman correlation analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
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