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V E Lobanov, G V Lihachev, N G Pavlov, A V Cherenkov, T J Kippenberg, M L Gorodetsky
Dissipative Kerr solitons have paved the way to broadband and fully coherent optical frequency combs in microresonators. Here, we demonstrate numerically that slow frequency tuning of the pump laser in conjunction with phase or amplitude modulation corresponding to the free spectral range of the microresonator, provides reliable convergence of an initially excited chaotic comb state to a single dissipative Kerr soliton (DKS) state. The efficiency of this approach depends on both frequency tuning speed and modulation depth...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
Magdalena Bonarowska, Maria Wojciechowska, Maciej Zieliński, Angelika Kiderys, Michał Zieliński, Piotr Winiarek, Zbigniew Karpiński
Pd/MgO, Pd/MgF₂ and Pd/MgO-MgF₂ catalysts were investigated in the reaction of CCl₄ hydrodechlorination. All the catalysts deactivated in time on stream, but the degree of deactivation varied from catalyst to catalyst. The MgF₂-supported palladium with relatively large metal particles appeared the best catalyst, characterized by good activity and selectivity to C₂-C₅ hydrocarbons. Investigation of post-reaction catalyst samples allowed to find several details associated with the working state of hydrodechlorination catalysts...
November 25, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiaoguang Liu, Yu Liu, Linlin Zhao, Zhigang Zeng, Weihua Xiao, Peijie Chen
Though macrophages are essential for skeletal muscle regeneration, which is a complex process, the roles and mechanisms of the macrophages in the process of muscle regeneration are still not fully understood. The objective of this study is to explore the roles of macrophages and the mechanisms involved in the regeneration of injured skeletal muscle. One hundred and twelve C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into muscle contusion and macrophages depleted groups. Their gastrocnemius muscles were harvested at the time points of 12h, 1, 3, 5, 7, 14d post-injury...
November 26, 2016: Cell Biology International
Meili Liu, Xufeng Niu, Gang Zhou, Zhengtai Jia, Ping Li, Yubo Fan
Establishing appropriate synaptic connections and plasticity is a critical need in neuronal regeneration and development. Mechano growth factor (MGF) and its C-terminal E-domain peptide with 24 amino acids, MGF-Ct24E, are potential neuroprotective agents. Our preliminary study indicates that Netrin-1 can guide axonal growth and its expression is sensitive to MGF, but how MGF regulates the expression of Netrin-1 and its receptor DCC is still unclear. Here, we investigate the effect of MGF-Ct24E on the expression of Netrin-1 and DCC in primary cultured cortical neurons in vitro and the adult rat brain in vivo...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Calum Williams, Girish Rughoobur, Andrew J Flewitt, Timothy D Wilkinson
A single-step fabrication method is presented for ultra-thin, linearly variable optical bandpass filters (LVBFs) based on a metal-insulator-metal arrangement using modified evaporation deposition techniques. This alternate process methodology offers reduced complexity and cost in comparison to conventional techniques for fabricating LVBFs. We are able to achieve linear variation of insulator thickness across a sample, by adjusting the geometrical parameters of a typical physical vapor deposition process. We demonstrate LVBFs with spectral selectivity from 400 to 850 nm based on Ag (25 nm) and MgF<sub>2</sub> (75-250 nm)...
November 10, 2016: Applied Optics
Changfang Chen, Minglei Shu, Yinglong Wang, Ming Yang, Chongqing Zhang
In this paper, exact closed-form expressions are derived for the outage probability (OP) of the maximal ratio combining (MRC) scheme in the κ-μ shadowed fading channels, in which both the independent and correlated shadowing components are considered. The scenario assumes the received desired signals are corrupted by the independent Rayleigh-faded co-channel interference (CCI) and background white Gaussian noise. To this end, first, the probability density function (PDF) of the κ-μ shadowed fading distribution is obtained in the form of a power series...
2016: PloS One
L D S Machado, F F D Santos, C K Togashi, D L D C Abreu, J C Pimentel, L Sesti, V L D A Pereira, E R D Nascimento
Mycoplasma gallisepticum causes coughing, ocular and nasal discharge, reduction in feed intake, lower and uneven growth, decline in egg production and quality, and increase in mortality. Among the attenuated vaccination strains, MGF can reduce clinical signs and lesions in layer hens, stimulate immune responses of cellular and humoral basis, act as an instrument of competitive exclusion in relation to field strains, and reduce the use of antimicrobials. This study aimed to investigate the effects of attenuated MG F-strain vaccination on egg quality in 3 groups of 30 hens each, being one control and 2 vaccinated...
October 12, 2016: Poultry Science
Sungsik Shin, Jung U Shin, Youngin Lee, Tae Gwang Kwon, Ju Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients who receive laser treatments may experience transient erythema, edema, and crusts for several days. Although a variety of growth factor-containing creams for promoting recovery after laser treatment are available, evidence for their efficacy remains insufficient. AIMS: We performed a randomized controlled split-face study to assess the effects of a multigrowth factor (MGF)-containing cream on patients recovering from laser treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients underwent treatment using an ablative fractional laser and were randomized with respect to the side of the face treated with an MGF-containing cream or control cream...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
C M Vivek Vardhan, M Srimurali
A novel sorbent, Lanthanum-Impregnated Bauxite (LIB), was prepared to remove fluoride from water. To understand the surface chemical composition and morphology, LIB was characterized using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy techniques. Experiments were performed to evaluate the sorption potential, dose of sorbent, kinetics, equilibrium sorption capacity, pH and influence of anions for defluoridation by LIB. Equilibrium isothermal studies were conducted to model the sorption and regeneration studies were carried out to evaluate the reusability of LIB...
2016: SpringerPlus
Hailong Chen, Ke Lv, Zhongquan Dai, Guohua Ji, Tingmei Wang, Yanli Wang, Yongliang Zhang, Guanghan Kan, Yinghui Li, Lina Qu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of memory-related antioxidant genes and miRNAs under simulated weightlessness and the regulation of mechano growth factor (MGF) E domain, the peptide preventing nerve damage. RESULTS: Igf-iea and mgf mRNA levels, expression of antioxidant genes sod1 and sod2 and levels of miR-134 and miR-125b-3p increased in rat hippocampus after 14 days tail suspension to simulate weightlessness which was inhibited with intramuscular injection of E domain peptide...
September 13, 2016: Biotechnology Letters
E L Peters, C Offringa, D Kos, W J Van der Laarse, R T Jaspers
A major problem in chronic heart failure is the inability of hypertrophied cardiomyocytes to maintain the required power output. A Hill-type oxygen diffusion model predicts that oxygen supply is limiting in hypertrophied cardiomyocytes at maximal rates of oxygen consumption and that this limitation can be reduced by increasing the myoglobin (Mb) concentration. We explored how cardiac hypertrophy, oxidative capacity, and Mb expression in right ventricular cardiomyocytes are regulated at the transcriptional and translational levels in an early stage of experimental pulmonary hypertension, in order to identify targets to improve the oxygen supply/demand ratio...
October 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Timsi Rao, Rui Gao, Saeko Takada, Muthana Al Abo, Xiang Chen, Kylie J Walters, Yves Pommier, Hideki Aihara
Tyrosyl DNA phosphodiesterase 2 (TDP2) is a multifunctional protein implicated in DNA repair, signal transduction and transcriptional regulation. In its DNA repair role, TDP2 safeguards genome integrity by hydrolyzing 5'-tyrosyl DNA adducts formed by abortive topoisomerase II (Top2) cleavage complexes to allow error-free repair of DNA double-strand breaks, thereby conferring cellular resistance against Top2 poisons. TDP2 consists of a C-terminal catalytic domain responsible for its phosphodiesterase activity, and a functionally uncharacterized N-terminal region...
August 19, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Carmen Infante-Garcia, Juan Jose Ramos-Rodriguez, Yolanda Marin-Zambrana, Maria Teresa Fernandez-Ponce, Lourdes Casas, Casimiro Mantell, Monica Garcia-Alloza
Epidemiological studies reveal that metabolic disorders, and specifically type 2 diabetes (T2D), are relevant risk factors to develop Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD), the most common causes of dementia. Due to the limited success of available treatments, AD patients are in a tremendous need of new therapeutic options. Natural polyphenols, and concretely Mangifera indica Linn extract (MGF), have been reported to have antiinflammatory, antioxidant and antidiabetic activities. We have analyzed the role of MGF in central complications associated with T2D, after long-term treatment of db/db mice with MGF...
August 18, 2016: Brain Pathology
Ekaterina Vladimirovna Fomenko, Yuling Chi
The recent emergence of a worldwide epidemic of metabolic disorders, such as obesity and diabetes, demands effective strategy to develop nutraceuticals or pharmaceuticals to halt this trend. Natural products have long been and continue to be an attractive source of nutritional and pharmacological therapeutics. One such natural product is mangiferin (MGF), the predominant constituent of extracts of the mango plant Mangifera indica L. Reports on biological and pharmacological effects of MGF increased exponentially in recent years...
August 18, 2016: BioFactors
Umer Javed, Di He, Peilin Liu
The transmission of signals in a hybrid satellite-terrestrial system (HSTS) in the presence of co-channel interference (CCI) is considered in this study. Specifically, we examine the problem of amplify-and-forward (AF)-based relaying in a hybrid satellite-terrestrial link, where the relay node is operating in the presence of a dominant co-channel interferer. It is assumed that direct connection between a source node (satellite) and a destination node (terrestrial receiver) is not available due to masking by obstacles in the surrounding...
2016: Sensors
Carmen Infante-Garcia, Juan Jose Ramos-Rodriguez, Irene Delgado-Olmos, Carlos Gamero-Carrasco, Maria Teresa Fernandez-Ponce, Lourdes Casas, Casimiro Mantell, Monica Garcia-Alloza
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia; however, available treatments have had limited success. Therefore AD patients are in tremendous need of new pharmacological approaches that may delay or slow the progression of the disease. In addition to the classical neuropathological features, immunological and inflammatory processes are also involved in AD pathogenesis. Naturally occurring compounds, such as Mangifera indica Linn (MGF) extracts have previously been shown to significantly reduce peripheral inflammatory processes...
July 21, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
A Carati, A M Maiocchi
We propose a new phenomenological law for the shape of the spectral lines in the infrared, which accounts for the exponential decay of the extinction coefficient in the high-frequency region, observed in many spectra. We apply this law to the measured infrared spectra of LiF, NaCl, and MgF<sub>2</sub>, finding good agreement over a wide range of frequencies.
June 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
Gabriele Di Giammarco, Daniele Marinelli, Massimiliano Foschi, Michele Di Mauro
Transit-time flow measurement (TTFM) is a reliable method to check the graft function intraoperatively in coronary surgery. The given parameters are: Mean Graft Flow (MGF); Pulsatility Index (PI) and Insufficiency Ratio (%BF). Some cutoffs of these parameters have been identified as predictors for unfair 1-y clinical outcome: mean graft flow (MGF) less than 20 ml/min and high pulsatility index greater than 5. Other cutoffs have been found as related to postoperative angiography: MGF 15 ml/min or less and pulsatility index at least 3 (sensitivity 94%; specificity 61%); MGF less than 15 ml/min and pulsatility index greater than 3 for left coronary artery or pulsatility index greater than 5 for right coronary artery (sensitivity 96%; specificity 77%); MGF 15 ml/min or less and pulsatility index at least 5...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Joseph A M J L Janssen
Physical exercise may be vital to the maintenance of the endocrine system with aging and its helps to restore loss of activity of the endocrine system with aging. There is evidence that physical exercise induces activity of the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor-1 axis and so produces anabolic effects in skeletal muscles. Mechano growth factor (MGF), a locally produced isoform of IGF-1, has been hypothesized to be important for the maintenance of skeletal muscles with aging. Short-term high-resistance exercise results in an increase of MGF mRNA in young but not in elderly subjects...
2016: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Bingyu Zhang, Qing Luo, Dongdong Kuang, Yang Ju, Guanbin Song
OBJECTIVES: To determine the possible beneficial effects of a synthetic mechano-growth factor E peptide (MGF-C25E) on the healing of rat Achilles tendon. RESULTS: A significantly increased Achilles functional index was found in the MGF-C25E-treated tendons relative to the saline-treated tendons. Macroscopic observation showed that the repair of MGF-C25E-treated (1000 ng/ml) tendons was superior to that of the saline-treated tendons. The mean value of the stiffness of the repaired tendons was significantly increased in the MGF-C25E-treated (1000 ng/ml) tendons relative to the saline-treated tendons...
October 2016: Biotechnology Letters
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