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Peer Löbmann
There are different approaches for the preparation of porous antireflective λ/4 MgF₂ films from liquid precursors. Among these, the non-aqueous fluorolytic synthesis of precursor solutions offers many advantages in terms of processing simplicity and scalability. In this paper, the structural features and optical performance of the resulting films are highlighted, and their specific interactions with different inorganic substrates are discussed. Due to their excellent abrasion resistance, coatings have a high potential for applications on glass...
May 2, 2018: Nanomaterials
Luis V Rodríguez De Marcos, Juan I Larruquert, José A Méndez, Nuria Gutiérrez-Luna, Lucía Espinosa-Yáñez, Carlos Honrado-Benítez, José Chavero-Royán, Belén Perea-Abarca
Progress towards far UV (FUV) coatings with enhanced reflectance is invaluable for future space missions, such as LUVOIR. This research starts with the procedure developed to enhance MgF2 -protected Al reflectance through depositing MgF2 on a heated aluminized substrate [Quijada et al., Proc. SPIE 8450, 84502H (2012)] and it establishes the optimum deposition temperature of the MgF2 protective film for Al mirrors with a reflectance as high as ~90% at 121.6 nm. Al films were deposited at room temperature and protected with a MgF2 film deposited at various temperatures ranging from room temperature to 350°C...
April 2, 2018: Optics Express
Jie-Feng Geng, Xing Liu, Hai-Biao Zhao, Wen-Fei Fan, Jun-Jie Geng, Xian-Zhi Liu
BACKGROUND: Both LncRNA UCA1 and miR-495 are crucial gene regulators in various disorders. This study aims to investigate their role in epilepsy and seizure-induced brain injury. METHODS: In this research, rat model of epilepsy was established by pilocarpine induction. The RNA and protein expression in hippocampal tissues and neurons were determined by qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. The hippocampal neurons were isolated from hippocampal tissues, and treated with magnesium-free (MGF) physiological solution for epileptiform activity induction...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Jian Li, Mengyang Liu, Haiyang Yu, Wei Wang, Lifeng Han, Qian Chen, Jingya Ruan, Shaoshi Wen, Yi Zhang, Tao Wang
Objective: Mangiferin (MGF) is a natural xanthone, with regulation effect on lipid metabolism. However, the molecular mechanism remains unclear. We purposed after oral administration, MGF is converted to its active metabolite(s), which contributes to the effects on lipid metabolism. Methods: KK-Ay mice were used to validate the effects of MGF on lipid metabolic disorders. Liver biochemical indices and gene expressions were determined. MGF metabolites were isolated from MGF administrated rat urine. Mechanism studies were carried out using HepG2 cells treated by MGF and its metabolite with or without inhibitors or small interfering RNA (siRNA)...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Raquel Portugal, Alexandre Leitão, Carlos Martins
ASFV causes an important disease of domestic swine and wild boar. Currently no vaccine is available, highlighting the necessity to understand ASFV modulation of innate immune responses in natural host cells. With this aim, macrophage cultures enriched in SWC9 and CD163 differentiation markers were infected in parallel with high virulent ASFV/L60 and low virulent ASFV/NHV, the latter lacking MGF 360 and 505/530 genes associated with type I interferon (IFN I) control. IFN I production and signaling were studied after completion of the viral cycles...
March 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Wei Liu, Zhijie Yan, Xiaolu Ma, Tie Geng, Haihong Wu, Zhongyue Li
Surface modification on Mg alloys is highly promising for their application in the field of bone repair. In this study, a new metal-organic framework/MgF₂ (Mg-MOF-74/MgF₂) composite coating was prepared on the surface of AZ31B Mg alloy via pre-treatment of hydrofluoric acid and in situ hydrothermal synthesis methods. The surface topography of the composite coating is compact and homogeneous, and Mg-MOF-74 has good crystallinity. The corrosion resistance of this composite coating was investigated through Tafel polarization test and immersion test in simulated body fluid at 37 °C...
March 7, 2018: Materials
Xingzhi Jing, Yaping Ye, Yuan Bao, Jinming Zhang, Junming Huang, Rui Wang, Jiachao Guo, Fengjing Guo
Epiphyseal growth plate is highly dynamic tissue which is controlled by a variety of endocrine, paracrine hormones, and by complex local signaling loops and mechanical loading. Mechano growth factor (MGF), the splice variant of the IGF-I gene, has been discovered to play important roles in tissue growth and repair. However, the effect of MGF on the growth plate remains unclear. In the present study, we found that MGF mRNA expression of growth plate chondrocytes was upregulated in response to mechanical stimuli...
May 15, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Sanaz Amin, Raphael S Werner, Per Lav Madsen, George Krasopoulos, David P Taggart
BACKGROUND: Differing perfusion of the left and right ventricular coronary territory may influence flow-profiles of saphenous vein grafts (SVGs). We compared flow parameters, measured by transit-time flowmetry (TTFM), in left- and right-sided SVGs during coronary artery by-pass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Routine TTFM measurements were obtained in 167 SVGs to the left territory (55%) and 134 SVGs to the right territory (total of 301 SVGs in 207 patients). The four standard TTFM parameters, [mean graft flow (MGF), pulsatility index (PI), percentage diastolic filling (%DF), and percentage backward flow (%BF)] were compared...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Aline Salgado Dionizio, Carina Guimarães Souza Melo, Isabela Tomazini Sabino-Arias, Talita Mendes Silva Ventura, Aline Lima Leite, Sara Raquel Garcia Souza, Erika Xavier Santos, Alessandro Domingues Heubel, Juliana Gadelha Souza, Juliana Vanessa Colombo Martins Perles, Jacqueline Nelisis Zanoni, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf
Gastrointestinal symptoms are the first signs of fluoride (F) toxicity. In the present study, the jejunum of rats chronically exposed to F was evaluated by proteomics, as well as by morphological analysis. Wistar rats received water containing 0, 10 or 50 mgF/L during 30 days. HuC/D, neuronal Nitric Oxide (nNOS), Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP), Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide (CGRP), and Substance P (SP) were detected in the myenteric plexus of the jejunum by immunofluorescence. The density of nNOS-IR neurons was significantly decreased (compared to both control and 10 mgF/L groups), while the VIP-IR varicosities were significantly increased (compared to control) in the group treated with the highest F concentration...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yongqiang Sha, Li Yang, Yonggang Lv
Severe hypoxia inhibits the adhesion and mobility of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and limits their application in bone tissue engineering. In this study, CoCl2 was used to simulate severe hypoxia and the effects of mechano-growth factor (MGF) E peptide on the morphology, adhesion, migration, and proangiogenic capacity of BMSCs under hypoxia were measured. It was demonstrated that severe hypoxia (500-μM CoCl2 ) significantly caused cell contraction and reduced cell area, roundness, adhesion, and migration of BMSCs...
April 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Lopamudra Dutta, Biswajit Mukherjee, Tapash Chakraborty, Malay Kumar Das, Laboni Mondal, Sanchari Bhattacharya, Raghuvir H Gaonkar, Mita Chatterjee Debnath
Delivering highly water soluble drugs across blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a crucial challenge for the formulation scientists. A successful therapeutic intervention by developing a suitable drug delivery system may revolutionize treatment across BBB. Efforts were given here to unravel the capability of a newly developed fatty acid combination (stearic acid:oleic acid:palmitic acid = 8.08:4.13:1) (ML) as fundamental component of nanocarrier to deliver highly water soluble zidovudine (AZT) as a model drug into brain across BBB...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Cilia Mejia-Lancheros, John Mehegan, Ricardo Segurado, Celine Murrin, Cecily Kelleher
Exposure to deprived socioeconomic conditions during the peri-conception and early childhood periods can have a negative long-term impact on individuals' health and that of their progeny. We aimed to examine whether relatives' birth period affected index-child (grand-child) birthweight status in the Lifeways Cross-Generation Cohort in the Republic of Ireland. Participants were 943 mothers and offspring, 890 fathers, 938 maternal grandmothers (MGM), 700 maternal grandfathers (MGF) 537 paternal grandmothers (PGM) and 553 paternal grandfathers (PGF)...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
Kenji Ikeda, Nobukiyo Kobayashi, Ken-Ichi Arai, Shin Yabukami
The magnetoelectric effect is a key issue for material science and is particularly significant in the high frequency band, where it is indispensable in industrial applications. Here, we present for the first time, a study of the high frequency tunneling magneto-dielectric (TMD) effect in nanogranular FeCo-MgF films, consisting of nanometer-sized magnetic FeCo granules dispersed in an MgF insulator matrix. Dielectric relaxation and the TMD effect are confirmed at frequencies over 10 MHz. The frequency dependence of dielectric relaxation is described by the Debye-Fröhlich model, taking relaxation time dispersion into account, which reflects variations in the nature of the microstructure, such as granule size, and the inter-spacing between the granules that affect the dielectric response...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Zhongbo Liu, Pasha Apontes, Ekaterina V Fomenko, Nan Chi, Victor L Schuster, Irwin J Kurland, Jeffrey E Pessin, Yuling Chi
One of the main causes of hyperglycemia is inefficient or impaired glucose utilization by skeletal muscle, which can be exacerbated by chronic high caloric intake. Previously, we identified a natural compound, mangiferin (MGF) that improved glucose utilization in high fat diet (HFD)-induced insulin resistant mice. To further identify the molecular mechanisms of MGF action on glucose metabolism, we conducted targeted metabolomics and transcriptomics studies of glycolyic and mitochondrial bioenergetics pathways in skeletal muscle...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Eugene Kotomin, Vladimir Kuzovkov, Anatoli I Popov, Joachim Maier, Rafael Vila
The annealing kinetics of the primary electronic F-type color centers (oxygen vacancies with trapped one or two electrons) is analyzed for three ionic materials (Al2 O3 , MgO, and MgF2 ) exposed to intensive irradiation by electrons, neutrons, and heavy swift ions. Phenomenological theory of diffusion-controlled recombination of the F-type centers with much more mobile interstitial ions (complementary hole centers) allows us to extract from experimental data the migration energy of interstitials and pre-exponential factor of diffusion...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Jeffrey Crawford, Pamela Sue Becker, James O Armitage, Douglas W Blayney, Julio Chavez, Peter Curtin, Shira Dinner, Thomas Fynan, Ivana Gojo, Elizabeth A Griffiths, Shannon Hough, Dwight D Kloth, David J Kuter, Gary H Lyman, Mary Mably, Sudipto Mukherjee, Shiven Patel, Lia E Perez, Adam Poust, Raajit Rampal, Vivek Roy, Hope S Rugo, Ayman A Saad, Lee S Schwartzberg, Sepideh Shayani, Mahsa Talbott, Saroj Vadhan-Raj, Sumithira Vasu, Martha Wadleigh, Peter Westervelt, Jennifer L Burns, Lenora Pluchino
Myeloid growth factors (MGFs) are given as supportive care to patients receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy to reduce the incidence of neutropenia. This selection from the NCCN Guidelines for MGFs focuses on the evaluation of regimen- and patient-specific risk factors for the development of febrile neutropenia (FN), the prophylactic use of MGFs for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced FN, and assessing the risks and benefits of MGF use in clinical practice.
December 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Pamela Maree Ramirez, Barry Peterson, Christine Holtshopple, Kristina Borja, Vincent Torres, Lucille Valdivia-Peppers, Julio Harriague, Melanie D Joe
PURPOSE: Four incident reports involving missed doses of myeloid growth factors (MGFs) triggered the need for an outcome-driven initiative. From March 1, 2015, to February 29, 2016, at University of California Irvine Health Chao Infusion Center, 116 of 3,300 MGF doses were missed (3.52%), including pegfilgrastim, filgrastim, and sargramostim. We hypothesized that with the application of Lean Six Sigma methodology, we would achieve our primary objective of reducing the number of missed MGF doses to < 0...
December 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
Marco A S Fortes, Maria V M Scervino, Gabriel N Marzuca-Nassr, Kaio F Vitzel, Carlos H da Justa Pinheiro, Rui Curi
Diabetes mellitus induces a reduction in skeletal muscle mass and strength. Strength training is prescribed as part of treatment since it improves glycemic control and promotes increase of skeletal muscle mass. The mechanisms involved in overload-induced muscle hypertrophy elicited at the establishment of the type I diabetic state was investigated in Wistar rats. The purpose was to examine whether the overload-induced hypertrophy can counteract the hypotrophy associated to the diabetic state. The experiments were performed in oxidative (soleus) or glycolytic (EDL) muscles...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Alexander Rehmer, Kerstin Scheurell, Gudrun Scholz, Erhard Kemnitz
The fluorolytic sol-gel synthesis for binary metal fluorides (AlF₃, CaF₂, MgF₂) has been extended to ternary and quaternary alkaline earth metal fluorides (CaAlF₅, Ca₂AlF₇, LiMgAlF₆). The formation and crystallization of nanoscopic ternary CaAlF₅ and Ca₂AlF₇ sols in ethanol were studied by19 F liquid and solid state NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy, as well as transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The crystalline phases of the annealed CaAlF₅, Ca₂AlF₇, and LiMgAlF₆ xerogels between 500 and 700 °C could be determined by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and19 F solid state NMR spectroscopy...
November 2, 2017: Nanomaterials
A L Rusanov, N A Petushkova, E V Poverennaya, K V Nakhod, O V Larina, A V Lisitsa, N G Luzgina
The effects of sodium dodecyl sulfate (25 mg/ml) and Triton X-100 (12.5 mg/ml and 25 mg/ml) on the HaCaT immortalized keratinocytes exposed to these surfactants for 48 h were studied. Using shotgun proteomics, a comparative analysis of the proteomic profiles of control and experimental cells after surfactants exposure was carried out. 260 common proteins were identified in control and experimental cells; 33 proteins were found in cells exposed to all three treatments, but not in control cells. These 33 proteins apparently reflect a nonspecific (universal) response of cells to toxic damage by the surfactants...
October 2017: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
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