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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728353/estimation-of-rate-and-number-of-under-reporting-deliberate-self-poisoning-attempts-in-western-iran-2015
#1
Mehdi Moradinazar, Farid Najafi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
Objectives: Rates of Deliberate Self-Poisoning (DSP) attempts are subjected to under-counting, under-reporting, and denying suicide attempts. In this study, therefore, we seek to estimate the rate of under-reported DSPs, which is the most common way of suicide attempts in Iran. Methods: Using truncated count models, we estimated rates and numbers of under-counted DSP attempts in western part of Iran in 2015. By this method, n0, namely the number of people attempted DSP, but not referring to any health care centers, was calculated through data connection...
June 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700591/trends-in-traumatic-brain-injury-mortality-in-china-2006-2013-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#2
Peixia Cheng, Peng Yin, Peishan Ning, Lijun Wang, Xunjie Cheng, Yunning Liu, David C Schwebel, Jiangmei Liu, Jinlei Qi, Guoqing Hu, Maigeng Zhou
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant global public health problem, but has received minimal attention from researchers and policy-makers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Epidemiological evidence of TBI morbidity and mortality is absent at the national level for most LMICs, including China. Using data from China's Disease Surveillance Points (DSPs) system, we conducted a population-based longitudinal analysis to examine TBI mortality, and mortality differences by sex, age group, location (urban/rural), and external cause of injury, from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2013 in China...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670116/treatment-trends-in-patients-with-asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome-in-a-copd-cohort-findings-from-a-real-world-survey
#3
Bo Ding, Mark Small
BACKGROUND: Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is an increasingly recognized phenotype. Few randomized clinical trials have been conducted in patients with ACOS; therefore, scientific evidence concerning ACOS is scarce and a therapeutic approach remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate current treatment trends for patients with ACOS, identified as those with a dual definition of asthma and COPD, in a real-world COPD cohort. METHODS: Data were analyzed from patients with asthma and COPD in the USA, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK who participated in the 2012 and 2013 Adelphi Respiratory Disease Specific Programmes (DSPs)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648359/evidence-for-the-efficacy-of-melatonin-in-the-treatment-of-primary-adult-sleep-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Fiona Auld, Emily L Maschauer, Ian Morrison, Debra J Skene, Renata L Riha
Melatonin is a physiological hormone involved in sleep timing and is currently used exogenously in the treatment of primary and secondary sleep disorders with empirical evidence of efficacy, but very little evidence from randomised, controlled studies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the evidence base for the therapeutic effects of exogenous melatonin in treating primary sleep disorders. An electronic literature review search of MEDLINE (1950-present) Embase (1980- present), PsycINFO (1987- present), and Scopus (1990- present), along with a hand-searching of key journals was performed in July 2013 and then again in May 2015...
July 20, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640360/decision-support-networks-of-women-newly-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#5
Lauren P Wallner, Yun Li, M Chandler McLeod, Ann S Hamilton, Kevin C Ward, Christine M Veenstra, Lawrence C An, Nancy K Janz, Steven J Katz, Sarah T Hawley
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the size and characteristics of the decision-support networks of women newly diagnosed with breast cancer and whether their involvement improves breast cancer treatment decisions. METHODS: A population-based sample of patients newly diagnosed with breast cancer in 2014 and 2015, as reported to the Georgia and Los Angeles Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registries, were surveyed approximately 7 months after diagnosis (N = 2502; response rate, 68%)...
June 22, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462547/changing-adolescent-sleep-patterns-factors-affecting-them-and-the-related-problems
#6
Harpreet Kaur, Harpreet Singh Bhoday
Sleep affects physical growth, behavior and emotional development besides determining cognitive functioning, learning and attention especially of a growing child. Adolescence represents one of the critical transitions in the life span and is characterized by a tremendous pace in growth and change that is second only to that of infancy. Adolescent sleep patterns deserve particular attention because of the potential impact on school performance. Average sleep period in adolescents is reduced during school days to around seven hours...
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240944/a-brief-tool-to-differentiate-factors-contributing-to-insomnia-complaints
#7
Donald Townsend, Louis Kazaglis, Kay Savik, Adam Smerud, Conrad Iber
OBJECTIVE: A complaint of insomnia may have many causes. A brief tool examining contributing factors may be useful for nonsleep specialists. This study describes the development of the Insomnia Symptoms Assessment (ISA) for examining insomnia complaints. METHOD: ISA questions were designed to identify symptoms that may represent 1 of 8 possible factors contributing to insomnia symptoms, including delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS), shift work sleep disorder (SWSD), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), mental health, chronic pain, restless leg syndrome (RLS), poor sleep hygiene, and psychophysiological insomnia (PI)...
March 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113707/ula-op-256-a-256-channel-open-scanner-for-development-and-real-time-implementation-of-new-ultrasound-methods
#8
E Boni, L Bassi, A Dallai, F Guidi, V Meacci, A Ramalli, S Ricci, P Tortoli
Open scanners offer an increasing support to the ultrasound researchers who are involved in the experimental test of novel methods. Each system presents specific performance in terms of number of channels, flexibility, processing power, data storage capability and overall dimensions. This paper reports the design criteria and hardware/software implementation details of a new 256-channel ULtrasound Advanced Open Platform (ULA-OP 256). This system is organized in a modular architecture including multiple front-end boards, interconnected by a high-speed (80 Gbit/s) ring, capable of finely controlling all transmit and receive signals...
May 11, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843332/trends-in-medication-use-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-long-term-view-of-real-world-treatment-between-2000-and-2015
#9
Victoria Higgins, James Piercy, Adam Roughley, Gary Milligan, Andrea Leith, James Siddall, Mike Benford
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of a variety of treatments, many patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are not achieving glucose control. We analyzed successive waves of the Adelphi Real World Diabetes Disease Specific Programmes (DSPs) to assess treatment patterns reported by primary care physicians (PCPs) and specialists and the effect of treatment on levels of glucose control. METHODS: Data were collected between 2000 and 2015 in the US and EU5 (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK)...
2016: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575657/a-design-space-exploration-for-control-of-critical-quality-attributes-of-mab
#10
Hemlata Bhatia, Erik Read, Cyrus Agarabi, Kurt Brorson, Scott Lute, Seongkyu Yoon
A unique "design space (DSp) exploration strategy," defined as a function of four key scenarios, was successfully integrated and validated to enhance the DSp building exercise, by increasing the accuracy of analyses and interpretation of processed data. The four key scenarios, defining the strategy, were based on cumulative analyses of individual models developed for the Critical Quality Attributes (23 Glycan Profiles) considered for the study. The analyses of the CQA estimates and model performances were interpreted as (1) Inside Specification/Significant Model (2) Inside Specification/Non-significant Model (3) Outside Specification/Significant Model (4) Outside Specification/Non-significant Model...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544998/hericium-erinaceus-extracts-alter-behavioral-rhythm-in-mice
#11
Shoko Furuta, Rika Kuwahara, Eri Hiraki, Koichiro Ohnuki, Shinobu Yasuo, Kuniyoshi Shimizu
Hericium erinaceus (HE), an edible mushroom, has been used as a herbal medicine in several Asian countries since ancient times. HE has potential as a medicine for the treatment and prevention of dementia, a disorder closely linked with circadian rhythm. This study investigated the effects of the intake of HE extracts on behavioral rhythm, photosensitivity of the circadian clock, and clock gene mRNA expression in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), a central clock, in mice. Although the HE ethanol extract only affected the offset time of activity, the HE water extract advanced the sleep-wake cycle without affecting the free-running period, photosensitivity, or the clock gene mRNA expression in SCN...
2016: Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514814/functional-analysis-of-dual-specificity-protein-phosphatases-in-angiogenesis
#12
Mathieu Amand, Charlotte Erpicum, Christine Gilles, Agnès Noël, Souad Rahmouni
Therapeutic perspectives targeting angiogenesis in cancer stimulated an intense investigation of the mechanisms triggering and governing angiogenic processes. Several publications have highlighted the importance of typical dual-specificity phosphatases (DSPs) or MKPs in endothelial cells and their role in controlling different biological functions implicated in angiogenesis such as migration, proliferation, apoptosis, tubulogenesis, and cell adhesion. However, among atypical DSPs, the only one investigated in angiogenesis was DUSP3...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308960/circadian-disruption-new-clinical-perspective-of-disease-pathology-and-basis-for-chronotherapeutic-intervention
#13
Michael H Smolensky, Ramon C Hermida, Alain Reinberg, Linda Sackett-Lundeen, Francesco Portaluppi
Biological processes are organized in time as innate rhythms defined by the period (τ), phase (peak [Φ] and trough time), amplitude (A, peak-trough difference) and mean level. The human time structure in its entirety is comprised of ultradian (τ < 20 h), circadian (20 h > τ < 28 h) and infradian (τ > 28 h) bioperiodicities. The circadian time structure (CTS) of human beings, which is more complicated than in lower animals, is orchestrated and staged by a brain central multioscillator system that includes a prominent pacemaker - the suprachiasmatic nuclei of the hypothalamus...
2016: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280102/a-case-of-undiagnosed-sleep-disorder-with-hearing-difficulty-and-dizziness
#14
Fumiyuki Goto, Miki Arai, Mitusru Kitamura, Tomoko Otomo, Ryoto Nagai, Shuujiro Minami, Takanobu Shimada, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Kouichi Tsunoda, Masato Fujii
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this case report was to investigate the relationship between sleep disorders and audio vestibular symptoms. CASE REPORT: A case of undiagnosed sleep disorder, presenting as a temporary auditory processing difficulty, is presented. The disorder was initially treated as sudden deafness with dizziness. A 23-year-old male patient complained of acute hearing disturbance despite normal results on pure tone audiometry. The patient was initially administered a steroid injection in the hospital...
March 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187952/ula-op-256-a-256-channel-open-scanner-for-development-and-real-time-implementation-of-new-ultrasound-methods
#15
E Boni, L Bassi, A Dallai, F Guidi, V Meacci, A Ramalli, S Ricci, P Tortoli
Open scanners offer an increasing support to the ultrasound researchers who are involved in the experimental test of novel methods. Each system presents specific performance in terms of number of channels, flexibility, processing power, data storage capability and overall dimensions. This paper reports the design criteria and hardware/software implementation details of a new 256-channel ULtrasound Advanced Open Platform (ULA-OP 256). This system is organized in a modular architecture including multiple front-end boards, interconnected by a high-speed (80 Gbit/s) ring, capable of finely controlling all transmit and receive signals...
May 11, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142678/genetic-variants-in-rbfox3-are-associated-with-sleep-latency
#16
Najaf Amin, Karla V Allebrandt, Ashley van der Spek, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Karin Hek, Maris Teder-Laving, Caroline Hayward, Tõnu Esko, Josine G van Mill, Hamdi Mbarek, Nathaniel F Watson, Scott A Melville, Fabiola M Del Greco, Enda M Byrne, Edwin Oole, Ivana Kolcic, Ting-Hsu Chen, Daniel S Evans, Josef Coresh, Nicole Vogelzangs, Juha Karjalainen, Gonneke Willemsen, Sina A Gharib, Lina Zgaga, Evelin Mihailov, Katie L Stone, Harry Campbell, Rutger Ww Brouwer, Ayse Demirkan, Aaron Isaacs, Zoran Dogas, Kristin D Marciante, Susan Campbell, Fran Borovecki, Annemarie I Luik, Man Li, Jouke Jan Hottenga, Jennifer E Huffman, Mirjam Cgn van den Hout, Steven R Cummings, Yurii S Aulchenko, Philip R Gehrman, André G Uitterlinden, Heinz-Erich Wichmann, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Rudolf Sn Fehrmann, Grant W Montgomery, Albert Hofman, Wen Hong Linda Kao, Ben A Oostra, Alan F Wright, Jacqueline M Vink, James F Wilson, Peter P Pramstaller, Andrew A Hicks, Ozren Polasek, Naresh M Punjabi, Susan Redline, Bruce M Psaty, Andrew C Heath, Martha Merrow, Gregory J Tranah, Daniel J Gottlieb, Dorret I Boomsma, Nicholas G Martin, Igor Rudan, Henning Tiemeier, Wilfred Fj van IJcken, Brenda W Penninx, Andres Metspalu, Thomas Meitinger, Lude Franke, Till Roenneberg, Cornelia M van Duijn
Time to fall asleep (sleep latency) is a major determinant of sleep quality. Chronic, long sleep latency is a major characteristic of sleep-onset insomnia and/or delayed sleep phase syndrome. In this study we aimed to discover common polymorphisms that contribute to the genetics of sleep latency. We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) including 2 572 737 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) established in seven European cohorts including 4242 individuals. We found a cluster of three highly correlated variants (rs9900428, rs9907432 and rs7211029) in the RNA-binding protein fox-1 homolog 3 gene (RBFOX3) associated with sleep latency (P-values=5...
October 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128360/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-add-risk-to-circadian-rhythm-sleep-problems-in-depression-and-anxiety
#17
T I Bron, D Bijlenga, J J S Kooij, S W N Vogel, D Wynchank, A T F Beekman, B W J H Penninx
BACKGROUND: Comorbid ADHD symptoms may partly account for circadian rhythm disturbances in depression and anxiety disorders. METHODS: Self-reported sleep characteristics of 2090 participants in the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety were assessed using the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire. We defined 3 groups: healthy controls (HC), persons with lifetime depression and/or anxiety disorders (LDA), and those with both LDA and high ADHD symptoms (LDA+ADHD), using the Conner's Adult ADHD Rating Scale...
August 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27076541/sleep-related-melatonin-use-in-healthy-children
#18
Irvin Janjua, Ran D Goldman
QUESTION: A mother brought her 12-year-old son into my office because she is concerned that he has difficulty falling asleep almost every night. Her job involves shift work and she uses melatonin herself to help her fall asleep. She asked if her son could take melatonin. What are the recommendations and considerations for using melatonin in otherwise healthy children and adolescents? ANSWER: Insomnia is reported in up to a quarter of healthy children and in three-quarters of children with neurodevelopmental and psychiatric conditions, resulting in negative consequences...
April 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26999577/temporal-trends-and-geographic-variations-in-dementia-mortality-in-china-between-2006-and-2012-multilevel-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#19
Peng Yin, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt, Andrew Page, Jiangmei Liu, Yunning Liu, Shiwei Liu, Lijun Wang, Limin Wang, Maigeng Zhou
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the temporal trends and geographic variations in dementia mortality in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Annual dementia mortality counts (years 2006 to 2012) in 161 counties and districts (Disease Surveillance Points, DSP) were extracted from the nationally representative China Mortality Surveillance System and stratified by 5-year age group (aged >65), sex, and time. These counts were linked to annually adjusted denominator populations...
October 2016: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26962298/role-of-protein-tyrosine-phosphatases-in-plants
#20
Alka Shankar, Nisha Agrawal, Manisha Sharma, Amita Pandey, Margarita Girdhar K Pandey
Reversible protein phosphorylation is a crucial regulatory mechanism that controls many biological processes in eukaryotes. In plants, phosphorylation events primarily occur on serine (Ser) and threonine (Thr) residues, while in certain cases, it was also discovered on tyrosine (Tyr) residues. In contrary to plants, extensive reports on Tyr phosphorylation regulating a large numbers of biological processes exist in animals. Despite of such prodigious function in animals, Tyr phosphorylation is a least studied mechanism of protein regulation in plants...
August 2015: Current Genomics
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