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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319671/amelioration-of-oxidative-stress-by-dietary-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-l-seeds-is-potentiated-by-onion-allium-cepa-l-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#1
Seetur R Pradeep, Krishnapura Srinivasan
Oxidative stress has a crucial role in the progression of diabetes and its complications. Soluble fibre-rich fenugreek seeds (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) are understood to have a beneficial effect in the management of diabetes. Previously, we have shown that the amelioration of diabetic hyperglycemia and related metabolic abnormalities was potentiated by onion (Allium cepa L.) in experimental rats. The present study evaluated the additive beneficial effect of dietary fenugreek seeds (10%) and onion (3%) on oxidative stress in diabetic rats...
March 20, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300729/comparison-of-silicon-nanoparticles-and-silicate-treatments-in-fenugreek
#2
Sanam Nazaralian, Ahmad Majd, Saeed Irian, Farzaneh Najafi, Farrokh Ghahremaninejad, Tommy Landberg, Maria Greger
Silicon (Si) fertilization improves crop cultivation and is commonly added in the form of soluble silicates. However, most natural plant-available Si originates from plant formed amorphous SiO2 particles, phytoliths, similar to SiO2-nanoparticles (SiNP). In this work we, therefore, compared the effect by sodium silicate and that of SiNP on Si accumulation, activity of antioxidative stress enzymes catalase, peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, lignification of xylem cell walls and activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) as well as expression of genes for the putative silicon transporter (PST), defensive (Tfgd 1) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) and protein in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L...
March 14, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283520/biogeography-of-a-novel-clade-of-ensifer-meliloti-associated-with-the-australian-legume-trigonella-suavissima
#3
Bertrand Eardly, Patrick Elia, John Brockwell, Daniel Golemboski, Peter van Berkum
Here we describe a novel clade within Ensifer meliloti and consider how geographic and ecological isolation contributed to the limited distribution of this group. Members of the genus Ensifer are best known for their ability to form nitrogen-fixing symbioses with forage legumes of three related genera, Medicago L., Melilotus Mill., and Trigonella L., which are members of the tribe Trifoleae. They have a natural distribution extending from the Mediterranean basin through west Asia, where there is an unsurpassed number of species belonging to these genera...
March 10, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278666/the-constituents-of-essential-oil-in-leaves-of-karaj-accession-of-trigonella-foenum-graecum
#4
Mehrnaz Riasat, Ali Ashraf Jafari, Atefeh Bahmanzadegan, Ahmad Hatami, Faraneh Zareiyan
The chemical composition of the essential oils of Karaj accession of Trigonella foenum graecum leaves was detected by hydro-distillation and analysed by gas chromatography (GC-FID) and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) apparatuses for first time. Thirty-six compounds representing 95.3% of the total components were identified. The patterns of the main compounds were (2E)-Hexenal (26.61%), n-Hexadecanoic acid (10.14%) and (E)-b-Ionone (7.99%). Other notable constituents were Thymol (4.79%), 6,10,14-trimethyl-2-Pentadecanone (4...
February 15, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270141/pharmacological-basis-for-the-medicinal-use-of-polyherbal-formulation-and-its-ingredients-in-cardiovascular-disorders-using-rodents
#5
Abdul Malik, Malik Hassan Mehmood, Hajra Channa, Muhammad Shoaib Akhtar, Anwarul-Hassan Gilani
BACKGROUND: A compound herbal formulation (POL4) has been used in the indigenous system of medicine to treat cardiometabolic disorders like diabetes and associated hypertension. POL4 and most of its constituents have not been studied widely for its therapeutic use in hypertension. This study is aimed to determine the efficacy and possible insight into mechanism(s) for the medicinal use of POL4 and its ingredients in hypertension. METHODS: The aqueous methanolic extracts of POL4 (POL4...
March 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269780/fenugreek-seed-powder-attenuated-aluminum-chloride-induced-tau-pathology-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-a-rat-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Asokan Prema, Arokiasamy Justin Thenmozhi, Thamilarasan Manivasagam, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, Gilles J Guillemin
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder that mainly affects the aged population and is characterized by the progressive loss of the hippocampal and cortical neurons, which results in memory and cognitive impairments. Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) has been reported to have hypoglycemic, hypocholesterolemic, hyperinsulinemic and anti-diabetic properties. Traditionally, it was used as a galactagogue and to treat anorexia, fever gastritis, gastric ulcers, and various nervous disorders...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266134/a-small-plant-with-big-benefits-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-linn-for-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion
#7
REVIEW
Kalyan C Nagulapalli Venkata, Debasis Bagchi, Anupam Bishayee
Plant-derived natural products have long-standing utility towards treating degenerative diseases. It is estimated that about two-third of world population depend on traditional medicine for primary medical needs. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn.), a short-living annual medicinal plant belonging to Fabaceae family, is used extensively in various parts of the world as herb, food, spice and traditional medicine. Fenugreek is considered as one of the oldest medicinal plants and its health-promoting effects have been cited in Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214690/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-polyherbal-formulation-for-the-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-hyperglycemia-in-patients-with-advanced-stage-of-type-2-diabetes
#8
Mahdi Zarvandi, Hassan Rakhshandeh, Mohammad Abazari, Reza Shafiee-Nick, Ahmad Ghorbani
The present clinical trial was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a polyherbal formulation (PHF) consisted of Allium sativum, Aloe vera, Nigella sativa, Plantago psyllium, Silybum marianum and Trigonella foenum-graecum for controlling dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia in patients with advanced-stage of type-2 diabetes. An open-label phase I trial was carried out on 30 patients who had hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia before the beginning of the trial in spite of receiving statins and oral hypoglycemic drugs...
February 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199188/trigonella-seed-extract-ameliorates-inflammation-via-regulation-of-the-inflammasome-adaptor-protein-asc
#9
Nidhi Sharma, Samyuktha Suresh, Ananya Debnath, Sushmita Jha
Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) is an important medicinal plant, well known for its anti-inflammatory properties. However, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms of its action remain largely unknown. The apoptosis associated speck like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (CARD) (ASC) is central to inflammatory and cell death pathways in innate and adaptive immunity. Here, we show that fenugreek seed extract provides cytoprotection to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inflammed and nanosilica-treated fibroblasts via a reactive oxygen species independent pathway...
March 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161815/next-generation-sequencing-of-representational-difference-analysis-products-for-identification-of-genes-involved-in-diosgenin-biosynthesis-in-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum
#10
Joanna Ciura, Magdalena Szeliga, Michalina Grzesik, Mirosław Tyrka
Representational difference analysis of cDNA was performed and differential products were sequenced and annotated. Candidate genes involved in biosynthesis of diosgenin in fenugreek were identified. Detailed mechanism of diosgenin synthesis was proposed. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) is a valuable medicinal and crop plant. It belongs to Fabaceae family and has a unique potential to synthesize valuable steroidal saponins, e.g., diosgenin. Elicitation (methyl jasmonate) and precursor feeding (cholesterol and squalene) were used to enhance the content of sterols and steroidal sapogenins in in vitro grown plants for representational difference analysis of cDNA (cDNA-RDA)...
February 4, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157172/extraction-of-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graceum-l-seed-oil-using-subcritical-butane-characterization-and-process-optimization
#11
Ling-Biao Gu, Xiao-Ning Liu, Hua-Min Liu, Hui-Li Pang, Guang-Yong Qin
In this study, the subcritical butane extraction process of fenugreek seed oil was optimized using response surface methodology with a Box-Behnken design. The optimum conditions for extracted oil from fenugreek seed was as follows: extraction temperature of 43.24 °C , extraction time of 32.80 min, and particle size of 0.26 mm. No significant differences were found between the experimental and predicted values. The physical and chemical properties of the oil showed that the oil could be used as edible oil. Fatty acid composition of oils obtained by subcritical butane under the optimum conditions and by accelerated solvent extraction showed negligible difference...
February 2, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143746/structure-functional-and-antioxidant-properties-in-tunisian-beef-sausage-of-a-novel-polysaccharide-from-trigonella-foenum-graecum-seeds
#12
Naourez Ktari, Amal Feki, Imen Trabelsi, Mehdi Triki, Hana Maalej, Sirine Ben Slima, Moncef Nasri, Ibtissem Ben Amara, Riadh Ben Salah
A novel polysaccharide named Fenugreek Water-Soluble Polysaccharide (FWSP), consisting of a gluconic acid polymer, was isolated from fenugreek seeds. It was structurally characterized by Fourier transformed infrared (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), High performance liquid chromatograpy (HPLC), and Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies. FT-IR and NMR spectra showed the characteristic bands of polysaccharides. According to XRD spectrum, FWSP is a semi-crystalline polymer. Functional properties of FWSP were investigated based on Water Holding Capacity (WHC), Oil Holding Capacity (OHC), emulsification activity, and foaming ability...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138310/efficacy-of-furosap-tm-a-novel-trigonella-foenum-graecum-seed-extract-in-enhancing-testosterone-level-and-improving-sperm-profile-in-male-volunteers
#13
Anuj Maheshwari, Narsingh Verma, Anand Swaroop, Manashi Bagchi, Harry G Preuss, Kiran Tiwari, Debasis Bagchi
Background: Dietary fiber rich fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seeds have exhibited cardioprotective, hypolipidemic and other health benefits. Furosap (FS), an innovative, patented, 20% protodioscin-enriched extract was developed in our laboratory from fenugreek seeds. This study examined the free and total testosterone levels, sperm profile and morphology, sexual health, mood and mental alertness, and broad spectrum safety parameters of FS in 50 male volunteers following supplementation over a period of 12 weeks...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126941/genome-sequence-of-the-symbiotic-type-strain-rhizobium-tibeticum-ccbau85039t
#14
Gonzalo Torres Tejerizo, Daniel Wibberg, Anika Winkler, Ernesto Ormeño-Orrillo, Esperanza Martínez-Romero, Karsten Niehaus, Alfred Pühler, Jörn Kalinowski, Antonio Lagares, Andreas Schlüter, Mariano Pistorio
Rhizobium tibeticum was originally isolated from root nodules of Trigonella archiducis-nicolai grown in Tibet, China. This species is also able to nodulate Medicago sativa and Phaseolus vulgaris The whole-genome sequence of the type strain, R. tibeticum CCBAU85039(T), is reported in this study.
January 26, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107731/natural-amelioration-of-zinc-oxide-nanoparticle-toxicity-in-fenugreek%C3%A2-trigonella-foenum-gracum-by-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-glomus-intraradices-secretion-of-glomalin
#15
Narges Ghasemi Siani, Seyfollah Fallah, Lok Raj Pokhrel, Ali Rostamnejadi
Owing to rising production and use of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) in the myriad of consumer applications, ENPs are being released into the environment where their potential fate and effects have remained unclear. With naturally occurring arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF; Glomus intraradices) in soils, their influence (positive or negative) on ENPs toxicity in plants is not well documented. Herein, we investigated potential influence of AMF on the growth and development in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) under varied Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) treatments (0, 125, 250, 375 and 500 μg g(-1))...
January 3, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092841/phytochemical-study-and-protective-effect-of-trigonella-foenum-graecum-fenugreek-seeds-against-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-toxicity-in-liver-and-kidney-of-male-rat
#16
Sakhria Mbarki, Hichem Alimi, Hafsia Bouzenna, Abdelfettah Elfeki, Najla Hfaiedh
Liver and kidney diseases are a global concern, therefore considerable efforts to obtain fine herbs useful as drugs from medicinal plants are currently in progress. The aim of this work was to study the antioxidant effects of previous supplementation with fenugreek seeds (FS) against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) toxicity in the liver and kidney. CCl4 toxicity was induced by one dose (i.g. 5ml CCl4/kg of body weight, 50% CCl4 in olive oil) after 7 weeks of normal diet or diet rich in 10% of grinded fenugreek seeds (20g of pellet rat food/rat/day)...
April 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088256/ethnobotanics-used-in-folk-medicine-of-tamil-culture-in-sri-lanka-a-scientific-review
#17
REVIEW
Anternite Shanthi Jesuthasan, Deepthi Inoka Uluwaduge
Tamil culture has recognized the potential use of plant herbs for prevention and treatment of different diseases. These folk remedies have been practiced by Sri Lankan Tamils even after modernization. This review focuses on frequently used medicinal plants among Sri Lankan Tamil communities, such as Cuminum cyminum, Azadirechta indica, Coriandrum sativum, Sesamum indicum, Zingiber officinale, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Moringa oleifera, Plectranthus amboinicus, Allium sativum and Curcuma longa, for their documented medicinal properties, which include antimicrobial, antioxidant, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, hypocholesterolemic, antidiabetic and diuretic effects...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049474/ethnopharmacological-survey-of-medicinal-plants-used-by-patients-with-psoriasis-in-the-west-bank-of-palestine
#18
Ramzi Shawahna, Nidal Amin Jaradat
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a frequent skin inflammatory disorder that inflicts millions of patients around the globe. To meet their healthcare needs, patients with psoriasis often seek treatment outside the allopathic paradigm. Use of medicinal plants has emerged as one of the most common and preferred modalities of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). The aim of this study was to investigate the use of medicinal plants by patients with psoriasis in the West Bank of Palestine. METHODS: The current study was a questionnaire based cross-sectional descriptive study on the use of medicinal plants by psoriasis patients in the West Bank of Palestine...
January 3, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975996/enhancement-of-diosgenin-extraction-from-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-with-a-new-ionic-liquid-based-assisted-method
#19
S Aminkar, A Shojaeiyan, M Ayyari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939889/trigonella-foenum-graecum-alleviates-airway-inflammation-of-allergic-asthma-in-ovalbumin-induced-mouse-model
#20
Chun Hua Piao, Thi Tho Bui, Chang Ho Song, Hee Soon Shin, Dong-Hwa Shon, Ok Hee Chai
Trigonella foenum-graecum, a member oldest medicinal plant in the fabaceae (legumes) family, is used as a herb, spice, and vegetable, and known for its olfactory, laxative, and galactogogue effects. However, the inhibitory effect of Trigonella foenum-graecum on allergic inflammatory response remains unclear, therefore, we investigated the precise role of Trigonella foenum-graecum in the allergic asthma and revealed the effects of Trigonella foenum-graecum in regulating airway inflammation and its possible mechanism...
January 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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