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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625957/studies-on-antihyperlipidemic-and-endothelium-modulatory-activities-of-polyherbal-formulation-pol4-and-its-ingredients-in-high-fat-diet-fed-rats
#1
Abdul Malik, Malik Hassan Mehmood, Muhammad Shoaib Akhtar, Ghulam Haider, Anwarul Hassan Gilani
A compound herbal formulation (POL4) is used traditionally in interior parts (Distt. Badin) of Sindh, Pakistan, for the treatment of metabolic disorders like diabetes and hyperlipidemia. This study is aimed to determine the effectiveness of POL4 and its ingredients in hyperlipidemia and associated endothelial dysfunction and hypertension. POL4 is composed of equal proportion of Nigella sativa, Cichorium intybus, Trigonella foenum graecum and Gymnema sylvestre mixed in powdered form. Chronic (6 to 7 weeks) administration of POL4 and its ingredients mixed in diet caused a notable attenuation in total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, atherogenic index, C-reactive protein and glucose, while it has increased high density lipoprotein levels...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618121/specificity-traits-consistent-with-legume-rhizobia-coevolution-displayed-by-ensifer-meliloti-rhizosphere-colonization
#2
María Eugenia Salas, Mauricio Javier Lozano, José Luis López, Walter Draghi, Javier Serrania, Gonzalo Arturo Torres Tejerizo, Francisco Javier Albicoro, Juliet Fernanda Nilsson, Mariano Pistorio, María Florencia Del Papa, Gustavo Parisi, Anke Becker, Antonio Lagares
Rhizobia are α- and ß-Proteobacteria that associate with legumes in symbiosis to fix atmospheric nitrogen. The chemical communication between roots and rhizobia begins in the rhizosphere. Using signature-tagged-Tn5 mutagenesis (STM) we performed a genome-wide screening for Ensifer meliloti genes that participate in colonizing the rhizospheres of alfalfa and other legumes. The analysis of ca. 6,000 mutants indicated that genes relevant for rhizosphere colonization account for nearly 2% of the rhizobial genome and that most (ca...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599386/amelioration-of-hyperglycemia-and-associated-metabolic-abnormalities-by-a-combination-of-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-seeds-and-onion-allium-cepa-in-experimental-diabetes
#3
Seetur R Pradeep, Krishnapura Srinivasan
BACKGROUND: Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seeds and onion (Allium cepa) are independently known to have antidiabetic effects through different mechanisms. The beeneficial influence of a combination of dietary fenugreek seeds and onion on hyperglycemia and its associated metabolic abnormalities were evaluated in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. METHODS: Diabetes was experimentally induced with streptozotocin and diabetic rats were fed with 10% fenugreek or 3% onion or their combination for 6 weeks...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584446/antimicrobial-activity-of-various-ethanolic-plant-extracts-against-pathogenic-multi-drug-resistant-candida-spp
#4
Shaista Khan, Mohd Imran, Mohammed Imran, Nuzhat Pindari
A total of 50 Candida isolates were isolated and identified from clinical specimens and these were tested for resistance to various antifungal drugs. It was observed multi-drug resistance in all candida isolates by 84%, 62%, 60%, 76%, 46, 30%, and 22% against fluconazole, clotrimazole, Amphotericin B, itraconazole, ketoconazole, miconazole and nystatin tested respectively. The isolates, which were found to be resistant to antifungal drugs were selected and subjected to antifungal testing against six ethanolic plants, extract namely Azadiracta indica, Allium sativum, Cordia dichotoma Ocimum sanctum, Syzygium cumini and Trigonella foenum grecum...
2017: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558255/anti-inflammatory-subfractions-separated-from-acidified-chloroform-fraction-of-fenugreek-seeds-trigonella-foenum-graecum-l
#5
Mostafa Pournamdari, Ali Mandegary, Fariba Sharififar, Ghazaleh Zarei, Rahele Zareshahi, Amir Asadi, Mohammad Mehdipour
Considering the side effects of current anti-inflammatory drugs, novel therapeutic agents are desired. We have succeeded in separating flavonoid-rich fractions with anti-inflammatory effect from fenugreek seeds (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). In this work, we aimed to carry out further fractionation to find active anti-inflammatory subfractions. Trigonelline content of the plant was determined by spectrophotometric method. Fenugreek seeds were extracted consecutively with petroleum ether, acidified chloroform (ACC), alkaline chloroform (AKC), methanol, and water...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539737/preclinical-toxicological-evaluation-of-idm01-the-botanical-composition-of-4-hydroxyisoleucine-and-trigonelline-based-standardized-fenugreek-seed-extract
#6
Pallavi O Deshpande, Vishwaraman Mohan, Prasad Arvind Thakurdesai
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate acute oral toxicity (AOT), subchronic (90-day repeated dose) toxicity, mutagenicity, and genotoxicity potential of IDM01, the botanical composition of 4-hydroxyisoleucine- and trigonelline-based standardized fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L) seed extract in laboratory rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The AOT and subchronic (90-day repeated dose) toxicity were evaluated using Sprague-Dawley rats as per the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) guidelines No...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504078/a-review-on-therapeutic-potentials-of-trigonella-foenum-graecum-fenugreek-and-its-chemical-constituents-in-neurological-disorders-complementary-roles-to-its-hypolipidemic-hypoglycemic-and-antioxidant-potential
#7
Saima Zameer, Abul Kalam Najmi, Divya Vohora, Mohd Akhtar
OBJECTIVES: The growing rate of neurological disorders is a major concern in today's scenario. Today's research is focusing on therapeutic interventions providing benefits in these disorders. Presently, drugs of natural origin have gained more interest for the treatment of central nervous system disorders for their efficacy and less/ no side effects. This review is emphasizing the cited roles of Trigonella foenum graecum (fenugreek) and its constituents in different neurological manifestations...
May 15, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433714/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-fenugreek-seeds-alone-or-in-combination-with-probiotics-on-gilthead-seabream-sparus-aurata-l-skin-mucosal-immunity
#8
F A Guardiola, A Bahi, A Bakhrouf, M A Esteban
Despite increasing interest in modulating the immune response of fish, providing a combination of probiotics and herbal immunostimulants in aquafeed has rarely has been studied. The effects on gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) of the dietary administration of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) seeds alone (FE), or combined with one of the following probiotic strains: Bacillus licheniformis (FEBL), Lactobacillus plantarum (FELP) or Bacillus subtilis (FEBS) were evaluated. Fish were fed a control or one of the supplemented diets for 3 weeks...
April 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407664/fenugreek-a-potent-hypoglycaemic-herb-can-cause-central-hypothyroidism-via-leptin-a-threat-to-diabetes-phytotherapy
#9
Jayjeet Majumdar, Pratip Chakraborty, Analava Mitra, Nirmal Kumar Sarkar, Supriti Sarkar
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum), a medicinal herb with potent antihyperglycaemic and hypoglycaemic effects, is used to treat diabetes. This study is aimed to explore the interaction of fenugreek seed extract (FSE) and HPT (hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid) axis in context of leptin secretion which have important role in normal and type-1 diabetic subjects. FSE (confirmed to contain trigonelline, diosgenin, 4 hydroxyisoleucine) was gavaged (0.25 gm/kg body weight/day) to normal and alloxan-induced type-1 diabetic rats for 4 weeks...
April 13, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391170/anticancer-potential-of-trigonella-foenum-graecum-cellular-and-molecular-targets
#10
REVIEW
Khalid El Bairi, Mounir Ouzir, Najda Agnieszka, Loubna Khalki
A growing body of evidence supported by numerous studies on tumorigenesis confirms that it is possible to target various hallmarks of cancer. Recent studies have shown that plant-derived molecules may be used in targeting different signaling pathways for cancer drug discovery. The present paper gives an insight into the anticancer potential of fenugreek and lists the existing studies that have been carried out to demonstrate the advantages of the use of fenugreek in cancer treatment and prevention. It also aims at opening up new perspectives in the development of new drugs of natural origins in the future clinical trials...
June 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344500/plant-growth-and-diosgenin-enhancement-effect-of-silver-nanoparticles-in-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-l
#11
B Jasim, Roshmi Thomas, Jyothis Mathew, E K Radhakrishnan
Various methods have been used to enhance production of chemically diverse phytochemicals especially medicinal natural products. With the advancement in nanotechnology, nanoparticles have been reported to have varying impact in plant growth and inducibility of phytochemical composition. Major objective of the study was to study the secondary metabolite modulatory effect of silver nanoparticles. In the current study, treatment of fenugreek seedlings with biosynthesized silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) was found to have significant impact on its growth parameters such as leaf number, root length, shoot length and wet weight...
March 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319671/amelioration-of-oxidative-stress-by-dietary-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-l-seeds-is-potentiated-by-onion-allium-cepa-l-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#12
Seetur R Pradeep, Krishnapura Srinivasan
Oxidative stress has a crucial role in the progression of diabetes and its complications. Soluble fibre-rich fenugreek seeds (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) are understood to have a beneficial effect in the management of diabetes. Previously, we have shown that the amelioration of diabetic hyperglycemia and related metabolic abnormalities was potentiated by onion (Allium cepa L.) in experimental rats. The present study evaluated the additive beneficial effect of dietary fenugreek seeds (10%) and onion (3%) on oxidative stress in diabetic rats...
March 20, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300729/comparison-of-silicon-nanoparticles-and-silicate-treatments-in-fenugreek
#13
Sanam Nazaralian, Ahmad Majd, Saeed Irian, Farzaneh Najafi, Farrokh Ghahremaninejad, Tommy Landberg, Maria Greger
Silicon (Si) fertilization improves crop cultivation and is commonly added in the form of soluble silicates. However, most natural plant-available Si originates from plant formed amorphous SiO2 particles, phytoliths, similar to SiO2-nanoparticles (SiNP). In this work we, therefore, compared the effect by sodium silicate and that of SiNP on Si accumulation, activity of antioxidative stress enzymes catalase, peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, lignification of xylem cell walls and activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) as well as expression of genes for the putative silicon transporter (PST), defensive (Tfgd 1) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) and protein in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L...
June 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283520/biogeography-of-a-novel-ensifer-meliloti-clade-associated-with-the-australian-legume-trigonella-suavissima
#14
Bertrand Eardly, Patrick Elia, John Brockwell, Daniel Golemboski, Peter van Berkum
Here, we describe a novel clade within Ensifer meliloti and consider how geographic and ecological isolation contributed to the limited distribution of this group. Members of the genus Ensifer are best known for their ability to form nitrogen-fixing symbioses with forage legumes of three related genera, Medicago L., Melilotus Mill., and Trigonella L., which are members of the tribe Trifolieae. These legumes have a natural distribution extending from the Mediterranean Basin through western Asia, where there is an unsurpassed number of species belonging to these genera...
May 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278666/the-constituents-of-essential-oil-in-leaves-of-karaj-accession-of-trigonella-foenum-graecum
#15
Mehrnaz Riasat, Ali Ashraf Jafari, Atefeh Bahmanzadegan, Ahmad Hatami, Faraneh Zareiyan
The chemical composition of the essential oils of Karaj accession of Trigonella foenum graecum leaves was detected by hydro-distillation and analysed by gas chromatography (GC-FID) and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) apparatuses for first time. Thirty-six compounds representing 95.3% of the total components were identified. The patterns of the main compounds were (2E)-Hexenal (26.61%), n-Hexadecanoic acid (10.14%) and (E)-b-Ionone (7.99%). Other notable constituents were Thymol (4.79%), 6,10,14-trimethyl-2-Pentadecanone (4...
July 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270141/pharmacological-basis-for-the-medicinal-use-of-polyherbal-formulation-and-its-ingredients-in-cardiovascular-disorders-using-rodents
#16
Abdul Malik, Malik Hassan Mehmood, Hajra Channa, Muhammad Shoaib Akhtar, Anwarul-Hassan Gilani
BACKGROUND: A compound herbal formulation (POL4) has been used in the indigenous system of medicine to treat cardiometabolic disorders like diabetes and associated hypertension. POL4 and most of its constituents have not been studied widely for its therapeutic use in hypertension. This study is aimed to determine the efficacy and possible insight into mechanism(s) for the medicinal use of POL4 and its ingredients in hypertension. METHODS: The aqueous methanolic extracts of POL4 (POL4...
March 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269780/fenugreek-seed-powder-attenuated-aluminum-chloride-induced-tau-pathology-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-a-rat-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Asokan Prema, Arokiasamy Justin Thenmozhi, Thamilarasan Manivasagam, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, Gilles J Guillemin
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder that mainly affects the aged population and is characterized by the progressive loss of the hippocampal and cortical neurons, which results in memory and cognitive impairments. Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) has been reported to have hypoglycemic, hypocholesterolemic, hyperinsulinemic and anti-diabetic properties. Traditionally, it was used as a galactagogue and to treat anorexia, fever gastritis, gastric ulcers, and various nervous disorders...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266134/a-small-plant-with-big-benefits-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-linn-for-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion
#18
REVIEW
Kalyan C Nagulapalli Venkata, Anand Swaroop, Debasis Bagchi, Anupam Bishayee
Plant-derived natural products have long-standing utility toward treating degenerative diseases. It is estimated that about two-thirds of world population depend on traditional medicine for primary medical needs. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn.), a short-living annual medicinal plant belonging to Fabaceae family, is used extensively in various parts of the world as herb, food, spice, and traditional medicine. Fenugreek is considered as one of the oldest medicinal plants and its health-promoting effects have been cited in Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine...
June 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214690/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-polyherbal-formulation-for-the-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-hyperglycemia-in-patients-with-advanced-stage-of-type-2-diabetes
#19
Mahdi Zarvandi, Hassan Rakhshandeh, Mohammad Abazari, Reza Shafiee-Nick, Ahmad Ghorbani
The present clinical trial was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a polyherbal formulation (PHF) consisted of Allium sativum, Aloe vera, Nigella sativa, Plantago psyllium, Silybum marianum and Trigonella foenum-graecum for controlling dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia in patients with advanced-stage of type-2 diabetes. An open-label phase I trial was carried out on 30 patients who had hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia before the beginning of the trial in spite of receiving statins and oral hypoglycemic drugs...
May 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199188/trigonella-seed-extract-ameliorates-inflammation-via-regulation-of-the-inflammasome-adaptor-protein-asc
#20
Nidhi Sharma, Samyuktha Suresh, Ananya Debnath, Sushmita Jha
Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) is an important medicinal plant, well known for its anti-inflammatory properties. However, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms of its action remain largely unknown. The apoptosis associated speck like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (CARD) (ASC) is central to inflammatory and cell death pathways in innate and adaptive immunity. Here, we show that fenugreek seed extract provides cytoprotection to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inflammed and nanosilica-treated fibroblasts via a reactive oxygen species independent pathway...
March 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
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