keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

legislations and policies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630551/exploring-legal-restrictions-regulatory-reform-and-geographic-disparities-in-abortion-access-in-thailand
#1
Grady Arnott, Grace Sheehy, Orawee Chinthakanan, Angel M Foster
Despite decades of advocacy among Thai governmental and nongovernmental actors to remove abortion from the country's 1957 Criminal Code, this medically necessary service remains significantly legally restricted. In 2005, in the most recent regulatory reform to date, the Thai Medical Council established regulatory measures to allow a degree of physician interpretation within the confines of the existing law. Drawing on findings from a review of institutional policies and legislative materials, key informant interviews, and informal discussions with health service providers, government representatives, and nonprofit stakeholders, this article explores how legal reforms and health policies have shaped the abortion landscape in Thailand and influenced geographic disparities in availability and accessibility...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630546/the-battle-over-abortion-rights-in-brazil-s-state-arenas-1995-2006
#2
Marta Rodriguez De Assis Machado, Débora Alves Maciel
This article proposes a relational approach to the study of abortion law reform in Brazil. It focuses on the interaction of pro-choice and anti-abortion movements in different state arenas and political contexts. It details the emergence of a strategic action field on abortion during the Brazilian re-democratization process and the National Constituent Assembly. We offer analysis on pro-choice and anti-abortion mobilization in state arenas-mainly in the executive and legislative powers-during the two terms of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC), 1995-1998 and 1999-2002, and the first term of President Luís Inácio Lula da Silva (Lula), 2003-2006...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622111/caregiving-for-the-elderly-person-discourses-embedded-in-the-brazilian-practical-guide-for-the-caregiver
#3
Meiriel Tavares Araujo, Isabela Cancio Velloso, Christine Ceci, Mary Ellen Purkis
It is estimated that in 2025, Brazil will have the sixth largest elderly population in the world. Beyond the economic consequences of this projection, this changing demographic portends significant changes in the social realm. The aim of this study was to review and consider a range of government documents directed towards elderly Brazilian citizens that have been developed over the past thirty years to explore the ways that caregivers of older persons are positioned in daily care practices through the discourses such documents deploy...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617239/bifurcation-of-health-policy-regimes-a-study-of-sleep-apnea-care-and-benefits-coverage-in-saskatchewan
#4
Gregory P Marchildon, Caroline A Beck, Tarun R Katapally, Sylvia Abonyi, James A Dosman, Jo-Ann Episkenew
BACKGROUND: A complex, poorly understood bifurcated health policy regime exists for Canada's First Nations people for extended health benefits coverage. This research adds to a small body of literature on the regime's impact on access and quality of care and its role in perpetuating health inequities in First Nations populations. METHODS: Using a case study of sleep apnea care in Saskatchewan, we identified issues of health service access and coverage through a literature review of extended benefits programs, legislation and policies and through 10 key informant interviews with federal and provincial extended benefit program administrators and sleep medicine physicians...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616255/global-health-governance-in-the-sustainable-development-goals-is-it-grounded-in-the-right-to-health
#5
Remco Van de Pas, Peter S Hill, Rachel Hammonds, Gorik Ooms, Lisa Forman, Attiya Waris, Claire E Brolan, Martin McKee, Devi Sridhar
This paper explores the extent to which global health governance - in the context of the early implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals is grounded in the right to health. The essential components of the right to health in relation to global health are unpacked. Four essential functions of the global health system are assessed from a normative, rights-based, analysis on how each of these governance functions should operate. These essential functions are: the production of global public goods, the management of externalities across countries, the mobilization of global solidarity, and stewardship...
January 2017: Global Chall
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614464/assessment-of-current-occupational-safety-and-health-regulations-and-legislation-in-the-caribbean
#6
Muge Akpinar-Elci, MyNgoc Nguyen, Marvin Randall, Satesh Bidaisee, Omur Elci, Olaniyi Olayinka, Julieta Rodriguez Guzman
Neglecting occupational safety and health (OSH) can have adverse and even deadly consequences. While OSH is important in any nation, the issue is particularly concerning in developing countries, including ones in the Caribbean. The purpose of this study, which was carried out in 2012 and 2013, was to examine the reasons for an apparent fundamental lack of awareness of OSH in the Caribbean. We conducted a descriptive study, in which a questionnaire was administered, via telephone, to key policy-making representatives from six English-speaking Caribbean nations, in order to assess the current OSH environment in their countries...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612900/italian-law-on-the-vehicular-homicide-medical-legal-issues-and-comparative-analysis
#7
G Montanari Vergallo, E Marinelli, N M di Luca, V Masotti, R Cecchi, S Zaami
Law no. 41/2016, enacted after a parliamentary debate characterized by a strong media pressure, intends to give a strong response to the growing social alarm caused by road accidents causing deaths. In this perspective, it introduced the categories of road homicide and road injuries within the Penal Code and the new hypotheses of mandatory and facultative arrest in flagrante delicto. This paper aims at comparing the rules by which the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Germany and Italy protect people's lives and safety of vehicular traffic in order to highlight strengths and weaknesses with a view to future reforms...
May 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610400/shammah-smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health
#8
Abdulsallam Bakdash
Shammah is a preparation of smokeless tobacco (ST) that is frequently used in the Arabian Peninsula, especially in Saudi Arabia. A mixture of powdered tobacco, lime, ash, black pepper, oils and flavorings, shammah in is placed in the buccal cavity or lower labial vestibule of the mouth. The user (or dipper) spits out insoluble debris. ST is linked to a number of harmful effects such as dental disease, oral cancer, oesophagus cancer, and pancreas cancer. It also causes adverse reproductive effects including stillbirth, premature birth and low birth weight...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607245/opportunities-in-oral-health-policy-for-timor-leste
#9
Lucio F Babo Soares, Silvana S Bettiol, Isaac J Dalla-Fontana, Penny Allen, Leonard A Crocombe
Timor-Leste faces an urgent set of challenges in oral health. The impact of oral diseases in terms of reduced quality of life and cost of treatment is considerable. This paper reviews progress on policy recommendations since the National Oral Health Survey in 2002, the first such national survey. Few proposals have been implemented to date, owing to (i) lack of local support for the recommendations, particularly on promotion of oral health; (ii) lack of financial and budgetary provisions for oral health; (iii) lack of focus on services, human resources and dental personnel; (iv) poor focus, design and implementation of policy and planning in oral health; and (v) lack of transport to facilitate health-care workers' access to remote areas...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603549/current-situations-and-future-directions-for-mental-health-system-governance-in-nepal-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#10
Nawaraj Upadhaya, Mark J D Jordans, Ruja Pokhrel, Dristy Gurung, Ramesh P Adhikari, Inge Petersen, Ivan H Komproe
BACKGROUND: Assessing and understanding health systems governance is crucial to ensure accountability and transparency, and to improve the performance of mental health systems. There is a lack of systematic procedures to assess governance in mental health systems at a country level. The aim of this study was to appraise mental health systems governance in Nepal, with the view to making recommendations for improvements. METHODS: In-depth individual interviews were conducted with national-level policymakers (n = 17) and district-level planners (n = 11)...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597852/mental-health-policies-in-south-east-asia-and-the-public-health-role-of-screening-instruments-for-depression
#11
Pratap Sharan, Rajesh Sagar, Saurabh Kumar
The World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region, which contributes one quarter of the world's population, has a significant burden due to mental illnesses. Mental health has been a low priority in most countries of the region. Although most of these countries have national mental health policies, implementation at ground level remains a huge challenge. Many countries in the region lack mental health legislation that can safeguard the rights of people with mental illnesses, and governments have allocated low budgets for mental health services...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592209/breastfeeding-patterns-among-employees-at-a-land-grant-university
#12
Joan D Paddock
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months of life, and up to 1 year with complementary food. Breastfeeding rates have improved over the last 20 years, but exclusive breastfeeding, and breastfeeding to 6 months have not yet met Healthy People 2020 goals. Given that the majority of women return to work shortly after delivery, workplace support for breastfeeding could facilitate breastfeeding continuance. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) was the first federal legislation to address breastfeeding in the workplace...
June 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589021/earned-print-media-in-advancing-tobacco-control-in-himachal-pradesh-india-a-descriptive-study
#13
Renu Sharma, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Balasubramaniam Gopalan, Ramesh Kumar Badrel, Jugdeep Singh Rana
BACKGROUND: The Union-Bloomberg Initiative tobacco control projects were implemented in Himachal Pradesh (a hilly state in North India) from 2007 to 2014. The project focused on the establishment of an administrative framework; increasing the capacity of stakeholders; enforcement of legislation; coalition and networking with multiple stakeholders; awareness generation with focus on earned media and monitoring and evaluation with policy-focussed research. This study aimed to systematically analyse all earned print news items related to the projects...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584657/personalisation-and-social-care-assessment-the-care-act-2014
#14
REVIEW
Deb Barnes, Billy Boland, Kathryn Linhart, Katherine Wilson
The Care Act 2014 represents a significant change in legislation in England. For the first time it brings together various aspects of adult social care into a single statute succeeding earlier acts and policy. Given its importance to the lives of service users and carers, clinicians need to have a clear understanding of its implications. We provide an overview of why it was developed, its underlying principles and international comparisons, as well as implications for assessments, interventions and outcomes...
June 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581631/public-participation-moving-beyond-the-four-walls-of-therapy
#15
Lorien S Jordan, Desiree M Seponski
Family therapists have an ethical responsibility for public participation, to work toward creating a better society. Serving the public interest and developing laws to promote the profession and the public good can be achieved through policy advocacy and political participation. Political and policy work are important but overlooked aspects of family therapy, which is significant given the consequences differing policies have for clients and the profession. This paper reports on results from a random, national survey of licensed family therapists' (N = 174) advocacy actions...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580879/anti-homosexual-legislation-and-hiv-related-stigma-in-african-nations-what-has-been-the-role-of-pepfar
#16
Amy Hagopian, Deepa Rao, Aaron Katz, Sallie Sanford, Scott Barnhart
BACKGROUND: Gay men and other men who have sex with men are disproportionately burdened by HIV infection. Laws that penalize same-sex intercourse contribute to a cycle of stigma, homonegativity and discrimination. In many African nations, laws criminalizing homosexuality may be fueling the epidemic, as they dissuade key populations from seeking treatment and health care providers from offering it. OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the ways in which policies and practices of the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) program addressed pervasively harsh anti-homosexuality laws across Africa...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574183/quantitative-tools-for-implementing-the-new-definition-of-significant-portion-of-the-range-in-the-endangered-species-act
#17
REVIEW
Julia E Earl, Sam Nicol, Ruscena Wiederholt, Jay E Diffendorfer, Darius Semmens, D T Tyler Flockhart, Brady J Mattsson, Gary McCracken, D Ryan Norris, Wayne E Thogmartin, Laura López-Hoffman
In July 2014, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service announced a new policy interpretation for the Endangered Species Act. According to the Act, a species must be listed as threatened or endangered if it is determined to be threatened or endangered in a significant portion of its range. The 1973 law does not define "significant portion of its range," leading to concerns that interpretations of "significant" by federal agencies and the courts could be inconsistent. The 2014 policy seeks to provide consistency by establishing that a portion of the range should be considered significant if the associated individuals' "removal would cause the entire species to become endangered or threatened...
June 2, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573355/a-6-year-update-of-the-health-policy-and-advocacy-priorities-of-the-society-of-behavioral-medicine
#18
Joanna Buscemi, Gary G Bennett, Sherri Sheinfeld Gorin, Sherry L Pagoto, James F Sallis, Dawn K Wilson, Marian L Fitzgibbon
Government policy affects virtually every topic of interest to health behavior researchers, from research funding to reimbursement for clinical services to application of evidence to impact health outcomes. This paper provides a 6-year update on the expansion of Society of Behavioral Medicine's (SBM) public policy and advocacy agenda and proposed future directions. SBM's Health Policy Council is responsible for ensuring coordination of the policy-related activities of the Health Policy Committee (HPC), the Civic and Public Engagement Committee (CPEC), and the Scientific and Professional Liaison Council (SPLC)...
June 1, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571045/new-zealand-doctors-and-nurses-views-on-legalising-assisted-dying-in-new-zealand
#19
Pam Oliver, Michael Wilson, Phillipa Malpas
BACKGROUND: Assisted dying (AD) has been legalised by statute or court decisions in at least 15 jurisdictions internationally. Nonetheless, only three medical professional bodies (and none in nursing) across those jurisdictions have proactively developed authorised policy, practice standards, guidelines or protocols, or other professional supports for health practitioners who may legally participate in AD services, and the majority internationally remain formally opposed to AD. There is a perceived likelihood that AD may be legalised in New Zealand soon...
June 2, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567502/application-challenges-of-the-new-eu-clinical-trials-regulation
#20
REVIEW
Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, Jurate Lekstutiene, Vilma Lukaseviciene
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the challenges of the upcoming policy change in the field of clinical drug trials due to the shift from the Clinical Trials Directive 2001/20/EC to the new Clinical Trials Regulation 536/2014, adopted in 2014. Although it is expected that the new EU Clinical Trials Regulation will increase Europe's competitiveness in clinical research, the paper argues that some measures to assure protection of research subjects should be taken before the Regulation comes into application in 2018...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
81362
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"