keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

legislations and policies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735347/the-impact-of-eldercare-on-adult-children-s-health-and-employment-in-transitional-china
#1
Xiaomei Pei, Hao Luo, Zhiyong Lin, Norah Keating, Janet Fast
This paper explores the content and extent of the burden of caregiving for Chinese families in transition. It sets out to understand how Chinese families manage to balance family caregiving responsibilities with employment, the impact of the existing social institutions on family caregiving practices, and the risks that caregivers have to face. Data were collected from a sample of 214 workers from 14 manufacturing companies in an industrialized city in central China in 2013. Analysis revealed that common types of eldercare were assisting with activities of daily living and medical related care; middle aged employed respondents were most likely to be the caregivers to older family members; financial and time demands of care were challenging for caregivers, but women with more education and a secure job responded to the pressure of care giving better than those with less education and insecure jobs...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733068/effects-of-eu-harmonization-policies-on-national-public-supervision-of-clinical-trials-a-dynamic-cycle-of-institutional-change-and-institutional-work
#2
Jacqueline C F van Oijen, Kor J Grit, Hester M van de Bovenkamp, Roland A Bal
BACKGROUND: The EU Clinical Trials Directive (EUCTD) and the EU Clinical Trials Regulation aim to harmonize good clinical practice (GCP) of clinical trials across Member States. Using the Netherlands as a case study, this paper analyzes how endeavours to implement the EUCTD set in motion a dynamic process of institutional change and institutional work. This process lead to substantial differences between policy and actual practice; therefore, it is important to learn more about the implementation of harmonization policies...
June 30, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731550/food-allergy-in-schools-the-importance-of-government-involvement
#3
Tanya Lawlis, Sarah Bakonyi, Lauren T Williams
AIM: Children have the highest rates of food-related allergic reactions. While 85% of children outgrow allergies including cow's milk and eggs by five years of age, allergies to peanuts and seafood continue into adulthood. The school setting poses a high-risk environment for allergen exposure. The aim of the present study was to examine the availability, drivers and communication of school food allergy awareness and management policies/guidelines in one Australian education jurisdiction...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728524/what-s-at-stake-in-u-s-health-reform-a-guide-to-the-affordable-care-act-and-value-based-care
#4
Betty A Rambur
The U.S. presidential election of 2016 accentuated the divided perspectives on the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, commonly known as Obamacare. The perspectives included a pledge from then candidate Donald J. Trump to "repeal and replace on day one"; Republican congressional leaders' more temperate suggestions in the first weeks of the Trump administration to "repair" the Affordable Care Act (ACA); and President Trump's February 5, 2017 statement-16 days after inauguration-that a Republican replacement for the ACA may not be ready until late 2017 or 2018...
January 1, 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724142/the-aging-physician-and-the-medical-profession-a-review
#5
E Patchen Dellinger, Carlos A Pellegrini, Thomas H Gallagher
Importance: The issue of the aging physician and when to cease practice has been controversial for many years. There are reports of prominent physicians who practiced after becoming dangerous in old age, but the profession has not demonstrated the ability to prevent this. A mandatory retirement age could be discriminatory and take many competent physicians out of practice and risk a physician shortage. An increasing body of evidence regarding the relationship between physicians' age and performance has led organizations, such as the American College of Surgeons, to revisit this challenge...
July 19, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722784/the-universal-collaborative-dynamic-model-of-specialist-and-advanced-nursing-and-midwifery-practice-a-way-forward
#6
Laserina O'Connor, Mary Casey, Rita Smith, Gerard Michael Fealy, Denise O' Brien, Denise O'Leary, Diarmuid Stokes, Martin S McNamara, Mary Ellen Glasgow, Andrew Cashin
BACKGROUND: There is a sizable body of empirical literature supporting the unique contributions of specialist and advanced practice roles to health care. However, there is very little international evidence to inform the integration of a future model for advanced or specialist practice in the Irish health care system. AIM: The aim of this study was to inform and guide the development of a future model of specialist and advanced nursing and midwifery practice. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted to initiate this important area of inquiry...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715164/sexual-harassment-policies-and-training-in-state-legislatures
#7
Jonathan Griffin
(1) Sexual harassment is a violation of The Civil Rights Act of 1964. (2) Most states do not require employers to conduct sexual harassment training. (3) Most sexual harassment training for state legislators occurs at their orientation.
July 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713265/a-comparison-of-reimbursement-recommendations-by-european-hta-agencies-is-there-opportunity-for-further-alignment
#8
Nicola Allen, Lawrence Liberti, Stuart R Walker, Sam Salek
Introduction: In Europe and beyond, the rising costs of healthcare and limited healthcare resources have resulted in the implementation of health technology assessment (HTA) to inform health policy and reimbursement decision-making. European legislation has provided a harmonized route for the regulatory process with the European Medicines Agency, but reimbursement decision-making still remains the responsibility of each country. There is a recognized need to move toward a more objective and collaborative reimbursement environment for new medicines in Europe...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711887/advertising-of-medical-devices-foreign-experience-and-ukrainian-practice
#9
Vitalii Pashkov, Andrii Harkusha, Oleksii Bytiak
INTRODUCTION: Chosen European foreign policy vector for Ukraine establishes its obligation to enforce the process of adaptation of the EU law regulations in the internal legal policy. The approximation of Ukrainian law to the European Union (EU) "acquis communautaire" is not only the instrument for deepening our economic cooperation with the European Union, but also the important measure to enhance further development of Ukraine in general. National legislation, which regulate advertising and promotion of medical devices (MD), is not an exception...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710327/smoke-free-signage-in-public-parks-impacts-on-smoking-behaviour
#10
Heather N Platter, Steven B Pokorny
OBJECTIVE: Behavioural interventions, such as smoke-free signage, are used to support air quality in public outdoor spaces that are not protected by a smoke-free policy, such as states with preemptive clause legislation. However, there is little evidence of the effectiveness of these interventions. This paper is an evaluation of whether smoke-free signage posted in public parks altered smoking behaviours of park patrons. METHODS: A time-series quasi-experimental design was used...
July 14, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706085/effectiveness-of-government-anti-smoking-policy-on-non-smoking-youth-in-korea-a-4-year-trend-analysis-of-national-survey-data
#11
Jueun Kwak, Hyunsuk Jeong, Sungha Chun, Ji Hoon Bahk, Misun Park, Youngseol Byun, Jina Lee, Hyeon Woo Yim
OBJECTIVES: Since the Health Promotion Act was introduced in Korea in 1995, anti-smoking policies and regulations have undergone numerous revisions, and non-smoking areas have gradually been expanded. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a partial legislative ban on adolescent exposure to secondhand smoke using objective urinary cotinine levels in a nationwide representative sample. METHODS: Urine cotinine levels were measured in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2011...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705016/education-and-social-inclusion-of-people-with-disabilities-in-five-countries-in-west-africa-a-literature-review
#12
Emma Jolley, Paul Lynch, Bhavisha Virendrakumar, Stacy Rowe, Elena Schmidt
PURPOSE: An estimated 1 billion people worldwide live with some form of disability. With the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals and the "Leave no one behind" agenda, there is a global momentum to ensure that disadvantaged groups, not least people with disabilities, are included and accounted for, in mainstream development efforts. However, in many low-income settings little is known about disability and the policies and programs in place to improve the lives of those affected...
July 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699416/interview-with-david-tauben-university-of-washington-chief-of-the-division-of-pain-medicine
#13
David Tauben
Dr Tauben is Clinical Professor jointly appointed in the Departments of Medicine and Anesthesia & Pain Medicine, and is the Hughes M & Katherine G Blake Endowed Professor, board certified in both Internal Medicine and Pain Medicine. He is also University of Washington (UW) Director of Medical Student and Resident Education in Pain Medicine, and Medical Director of UW TelePain, a tele-video-conferencing program intended to provide innovative pain education and consultative support to a five-state northwest regional primary care providers...
July 12, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696403/preschool-and-school-meal-policies-an-overview-of-what-we-know-about-regulation-implementation-and-impact-on-diet-in-the-uk-sweden-and-australia
#14
REVIEW
Patricia Jane Lucas, Emma Patterson, Gary Sacks, Natassja Billich, Charlotte Elizabeth Louise Evans
School meals make significant contributions to healthy dietary behaviour, at a time when eating habits and food preferences are being formed. We provide an overview of the approaches to the provision, regulation, and improvement of preschool and primary school meals in the UK, Sweden, and Australia, three countries which vary in their degree of centralisation and regulation of school meals. Sweden has a centralised approach; all children receive free meals, and a pedagogical approach to meals is encouraged...
July 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692612/occupational-safety-and-health-and-healthy-housing-a-review-of-opportunities-and-challenges
#15
David E Jacobs, Linda Forst
PURPOSE: Occupational safety and health (OSH) risks in construction of healthy housing (HH) have not been examined and collaboration between HH and OSH professionals is inadequate. The World Health Organization is developing international HH guidelines and the International Labour Organization is working to improve OSH in construction globally. METHODS: We searched for exemplary reports (including gray literature) on construction hazards; preventive measures for occupants and workers; OSH frameworks, laws, and regulations; definitions; and HH...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690668/white-opioids-pharmaceutical-race-and-the-war-on-drugs-that-wasn-t
#16
Julie Netherland, Helena Hansen
The US 'War on Drugs' has had a profound role in reinforcing racial hierarchies. Although Black Americans are no more likely than Whites to use illicit drugs, they are 6-10 times more likely to be incarcerated for drug offenses. Meanwhile, a very different system for responding to the drug use of Whites has emerged. This article uses the recent history of White opioids - the synthetic opiates such as OxyContin(®) that gained notoriety starting in the 1990s in connection with epidemic prescription medication abuse among White, suburban and rural Americans and Suboxone(®) that came on the market as an addiction treatment in the 2000s - to show how American drug policy is racialized, using the lesser known lens of decriminalized White drugs...
June 2017: BioSocieties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689708/the-growing-role-of-biologics-and-biosimilars-in-the-united-states-perspectives-from-the-apha-biologics-and-biosimilars-stakeholder-conference
#17
Judy Crespi-Lofton, Jann B Skelton
OBJECTIVES: The American Pharmacists Association (APhA) convened the Biologics and Biosimilars Stakeholder Conference on November 30, 2016, in Washington DC. The objectives of the Conference were to determine the key issues and challenges within the marketplace for biologics, follow-on biologics (FOBs), and biosimilars, identify potential roles and responsibilities of pharmacists regarding biologic and biosimilar medications, and identify actions or activities that pharmacists may take to optimize the safe and cost-effective use of biologics and biosimilars...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688939/mapping-geospatial-gaps-in-early-identification-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Pamela B DeGuzman, Paige Altrui, Marcus Allen, Cornelia Ramsey Deagle, Jessica Keim-Malpass
Despite the known developmental benefits of early intervention for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), diagnosis before age 5 years is often not achieved. Research suggests that lack of health insurance and living in rural areas and areas of severe provider shortages contribute significantly to these delays. The purpose of this project was to conduct a geospatial evaluation of potential gaps in early ASD diagnosis of uninsured children in Virginia. A secondary purpose was to show the use of geospatial analysis by pediatric nurse practitioners for policy advocacy...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688168/-hidden-identities-perceptions-of-sexual-identity-in-beijing
#19
Toby Miles-Johnson, Yurong Wang
This article draws upon responses given by volunteers who work in the Beijing LGBT Centre regarding perceptions of sexual identity, and how Chinese culture affects hidden or open sexual identities of Chinese lesbian and gay people in this region. The insights gained from those working carefully to create social change offers an important and original contribution to the field of gay and lesbian studies in China. The findings indicate the volunteers at the Beijing LGBT Centre are frustrated by the lack of acceptance of non-heterosexual relationships among Chinese culture and society, and by the disregard of lesbian gay and bisexual (LGB) people by the Chinese government...
July 8, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687634/laboratory-developed-tests-a-legislative-and-regulatory-review
#20
REVIEW
Jonathan R Genzen, Jeffrey S Mohlman, Jerry L Lynch, Michael W Squires, Ronald L Weiss
BACKGROUND: Twenty-five years ago, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) asserted in a draft document that "home brew" tests-now commonly referred to as laboratory-developed tests (LDTs)-are subject to the same regulatory oversight as other in vitro diagnostics (IVDs)(4). In 2010, the FDA began work on developing a proposed framework for future LDT oversight. Released in 2014, the draft guidance sparked an intense debate over potential LDT regulation. While the proposed guidance has not been implemented, many questions regarding LDT oversight remain unresolved...
July 7, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
keyword
keyword
81362
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"