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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352514/an-integrative-review-exploring-the-physical-and-psychological-harm-inherent-in-using-restraint-in-mental-health-inpatient-settings
#1
Pauline Cusack, Frank Patrick Cusack, Sue McAndrew, Mick McKeown, Joy Duxbury
In Western society, policy and legislation seeks to minimize restrictive interventions, including physical restraint; yet research suggests the use of such practices continues to raise concerns. Whilst international agreement has sought to define physical restraint, diversity in the way in which countries use restraint remains disparate. Research to date has reported on statistics regarding restraint, how and why it is used, and staff and service user perspectives about its use. However, there is limited evidence directly exploring the physical and psychological harm restraint may cause to people being cared for within mental health inpatient settings...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351023/does-talking-on-a-cell-phone-with-a-passenger-or-dialing-affect-driving-performance-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-experimental-studies
#2
Jeff K Caird, Sarah M Simmons, Katelyn Wiley, Kate A Johnston, William J Horrey
Objective An up-to-date meta-analysis of experimental research on talking and driving is needed to provide a comprehensive, empirical, and credible basis for policy, legislation, countermeasures, and future research. Background The effects of cell, mobile, and smart phone use on driving safety continues to be a contentious societal issue. Method All available studies that measured the effects of cell phone use on driving were identified through a variety of search methods and databases. A total of 93 studies containing 106 experiments met the inclusion criteria...
February 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349551/medical-marijuana-current-concepts-pharmacological-actions-of-cannabinoid-receptor-mediated-activation-and-societal-implications
#3
REVIEW
Nalini Vadivelu, Alice M Kai, Gopal Kodumudi, Julie Sramcik, Alan D Kaye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the following review is to summarize the history and current policies related to marijuana use and prevalence, basic and clinical science pharmacological literature regarding efficacy, subpopulations of concern, and varying policies regarding its use at present. RECENT FINDINGS: With the increasingly widespread utilization of marijuana, there is also a growing complexity of public health policy, regulation, and necessity to further assess the medical indications and adverse long-term effects of marijuana use...
January 18, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349231/improving-population-health-by-reducing-poverty-new-york-s-earned-income-tax-credit
#4
Jeannette Wicks-Lim, Peter S Arno
Despite the established relationship between adverse health outcomes and low socioeconomic status, researchers rarely test the link between health improvements and poverty-alleviating economic policies. New research, however, links individual-level health improvements to the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), a broad-based income support policy. We build on these findings by examining whether the EITC has ecological, neighborhood-level health effects. We use a difference-in-difference analysis to measure child health outcomes in 90 low- and middle- income neighborhoods before and after the expansion of New York State and New York City's EITC policy between 1997-2010...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349211/who-votes-for-public-health-u-s-senator-characteristics-associated-with-voting-in-concordance-with-public-health-policy-recommendations-1998-2013
#5
Jonathan Purtle, Neal D Goldstein, Eli Edson, Annamarie Hand
Background: The voting behaviors of elected officials shape the public's health. Little is known, however, about the characteristics of elected officials who vote in concordance with public health policy recommendations. This article presents the results of study conducted with the aims of: 1) testing the hypothesis that US Democrat Senators vote in concordance with American Public Health Association (APHA) policy recommendations more frequently than US Republican Senators, 2) identifying US Senator characteristics independently associated with voting in concordance with APHA, and 3) assessing trends in APHA voting concordance by political party...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338904/pain-and-its-impact-on-the-functional-ability-in-children-treated-at-the-children-s-cancer-center-of-lebanon
#6
Dina Madi, Michael Clinton
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of pain in children under treatment at the Children Cancer Centre of Lebanon at the American University of Beirut Medical Centre. Design and Methods A cross-sectional correlational survey was used. The Adolescent Pediatric Pain Tool and the Functional Disability Inventory were used to examine the characteristics of pain experienced in a consecutive sample of children treated at the CCCL and its impact on their functional abilities...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338539/primary-care-provider-experience-with-breast-density-legislation-in-massachusetts
#7
Christine M Gunn, Nancy R Kressin, Kristina Cooper, Cinthya Marturano, Karen M Freund, Tracy A Battaglia
BACKGROUND: Dense breasts on mammography independently increases breast cancer risk and decreases mammography sensitivity. Thirty-two states have adopted notification laws to raise awareness among women with dense breasts about supplemental screening. Little is known about these policies' impact on clinical practice among primary care providers (PCPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study explores PCP attitudes, knowledge, and the impact of the Massachusetts dense breast notification legislation on clinical practice after its enactment in 2015...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334882/federal-parity-and-access-to-behavioral-health-care-in-private-health-plans
#8
Dominic Hodgkin, Constance M Horgan, Maureen T Stewart, Amity E Quinn, Timothy B Creedon, Sharon Reif, Deborah W Garnick
OBJECTIVE: The 2008 Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) sought to improve access to behavioral health care by regulating health plans' coverage and management of services. Health plans have some discretion in how to achieve compliance with MHPAEA, leaving questions about its likely effects on health plan policies. In this study, the authors' objective was to determine how private health plans' coverage and management of behavioral health treatment changed after the federal parity law's full implementation...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334653/depletion-study-withdrawal-period-calculation-and-bioaccumulation-of-sulfamethazine-in-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-treated-with-medicated-feed
#9
Kátia S D Nunes, José H Vallim, Márcia R Assalin, Sonia C N Queiroz, Lourival C Paraíba, Claudio M Jonsson, Felix G R Reyes
The residue depletion of sulfamethazine (SMZ) was evaluated in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) after 11 days of administration of medicated feed containing SMZ, at the dose of 422 mg/kg body weight (bw). The determination of SMZ in feed and tilapia fillet was carried out using the QuEChERS approach for sample preparation, and high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QToF-MS) for quantitation, respectively...
January 9, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332536/the-rise-of-the-crime-victim-and-punitive-policies-changes-to-the-legal-regulation-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-finland
#10
Riikka Kotanen
This article examines intimate partnership violence as a question of criminal justice policy in Finland, and contributes to criminological discussions regarding oft-stated connections between the politicization of the victim, the treatment of offenders, and repressive criminal justice policies. In this discussion, legislation aiming to regulate and prevent violence against women has often been utilized as an example of such punitive policies. Although criminal policies in Nordic countries differ significantly from more punitive Anglophone policies, punitive tendencies, it has been argued, have increased in the former, too...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330250/the-intersection-of-national-immigration-and-healthcare-policy
#11
Jeffrey Douaiher, Douglas J Inciarte, Edibaldo Silva
Immigration policy and health care policy remain principal undertakings of the federal government. The two have recently been pursued independently in the judicial and legislative arenas. Unbeknownst to many policymakers, however, national immigration policy and health care policy are linked in ways that, if unattended, could undermine the well-being of a significant portion of the US population, specifically medically underserved rural and urban populations. Using current data from a workforce report of the Association of American Colleges and the published literature, we demonstrate the significant impact that contemporary immigration policy directives may have on the number and distribution of international medical graduates who currently provide-and by the year 2025 will provide-a significant portion of primary health care in the United States, especially in underserved small urban and rural communities...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328871/achieving-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorder-treatment-parity-a-quarter-century-of-policy-making-and-research
#12
Emma Peterson, Susan Busch
The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) of 2008 changed the landscape of mental health and substance use disorder coverage in the United States. The MHPAEA's comprehensiveness compared with past parity laws, including its extension of parity to plan management strategies, the so-called nonquantitative treatment limitations (NQTL), led to significant improvements in mental health care coverage. In this article, we review the history of this landmark legislation and its recent expansions to new populations, describe past research on the effects of this and other mental health/substance use disorder parity laws, and describe some directions for future research, including NQTL compliance issues, effects of parity on individuals with severe mental illness, and measurement of benefits other than mental health care use...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326413/-impact-of-increased-supply-of-newly-licensed-nurses-on-hospital-nurse-staffing-and-policy-implications
#13
Yunmi Kim, Sunju You, Jinhyun Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the impact of increasing the supply of newly licensed nurses on improving the hospital nurse staffing grades for the period of 2009~2014. METHODS: Using public administrative data, we analyzed the effect of newly licensed nurses on staffing in 1,594 hospitals using Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) ordered logistic regression, and of supply variation on improving staffing grades in 1,042 hospitals using GEE logistic regression...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322578/the-different-outcomes-of-legislative-versus-advocacy-led-development-of-cannabis-policy
#14
Stephen Rolles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321273/how-tobacco-companies-in-the-uk-prepared-for-and-responded-to-standardised-packaging-of-cigarettes-and-rolling-tobacco
#15
Crawford Moodie, Kathryn Angus, Danielle Mitchell, Nathan Critchlow
INTRODUCTION: As a result of the Standardised Packaging of Tobacco Products Regulations and Tobacco Products Directive, all packs of cigarettes (factory-made and hand-rolled) in the UK must be drab brown, display pictorial warnings on the principal display areas and contain no less than 20 cigarettes or 30 g of tobacco. The legislation was phased in between May 2016 and May 2017. Our objective was to monitor pack, brand and product changes preimplementation and postimplementation. METHODS: Our surveillance of the cigarette market involved a review of the trade press, a monthly monitor of online supermarkets and regular visits to stores, from May 2015 to June 2017...
January 10, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319585/which-us-states-pose-the-greatest-threats-to-military-readiness-and-public-health-public-health-policy-implications-for-a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-body-mass-index-and-injuries-among-us-army-recruits
#16
Daniel B Bornstein, George L Grieve, Morgan N Clennin, Alexander C McLain, Laurie P Whitsel, Michael W Beets, Keith G Hauret, Bruce H Jones, Mark A Sarzynski
OBJECTIVE: Many states in the southern region of the United States are recognized for higher rates of obesity, physical inactivity, and chronic disease. These states are therefore recognized for their disproportionate public health burden. The purpose of this study was to investigate state-level distributions of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI), and injuries among US Army recruits in order to determine whether or not certain states may also pose disproportionate threats to military readiness and national security...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316617/impact-of-smoking-ban-on-passive-smoke-exposure-in-pregnant-non-smokers-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#17
Julia C Schechter, Bernard F Fuemmeler, Cathrine Hoyo, Susan K Murphy, Junfeng Jim Zhang, Scott H Kollins
Prenatal passive smoke exposure raises risk for negative birth outcomes. Legislation regulating public smoking has been shown to impact exposure levels, though fewer studies involving pregnant women have been conducted within the U.S. where bans are inconsistent across regions. This study examined the effect of a ban enacted in the southeastern U.S. on pregnant women's cotinine levels. Additional analyses compared self-reported exposure to cotinine and identified characteristics associated with passive exposure...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314356/the-alcohol-environment-protocol-a-new-tool-for-alcohol-policy
#18
Sally Casswell, Neo Morojele, Petal Petersen Williams, Surasak Chaiyasong, Ross Gordon, Gaile Gray-Philip, Pham Viet Cuong, Anne-Marie MacKintosh, Sharon Halliday, Renee Railton, Steve Randerson, Charles D H Parry
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: To report data on the implementation of alcohol policies regarding availability and marketing, and drink driving, along with ratings of enforcement from two small high-income to three high-middle income countries, and one low-middle income country. METHOD: This study uses the Alcohol Environment Protocol, an International Alcohol Control study research tool, which documents the alcohol policy environment by standardised collection of data from administrative sources, observational studies and interviews with key informants to allow for cross-country comparison and change over time...
January 4, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306873/a-critical-review-of-conscientious-objection-and-decriminalisation-of-abortion-in-chile
#19
Adela Montero, Raúl Villarroel
From 1989 through September 2017, Chile's highly restrictive abortion laws exposed women to victimisation and needlessly threatened their health, freedom and even lives. However, after decades of unsuccessful attempts to decriminalise abortion, legislation regulating pregnancy termination on three grounds was recently enacted. In the aftermath, an aggressive conservative drive designed to turn conscientious objection into a pivotal new obstacle, mounted during the congressional debate, has led to extensive, complex arguments about the validity and legitimacy of conscientious objection...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297091/from-state-controlled-to-polycentric-governance-in-forest-landscape-restoration-the-case-of-the-ecological-forest-purchase-program-in-yong-an-municipality-of-china
#20
Hexing Long, Jinlong Liu, Chengyue Tu, Yimin Fu
Forest landscape restoration is emerging as an effective approach to restore degraded forests for the provision of ecosystem services and to minimize trade-offs between conservation and rural livelihoods. Policy and institutional innovations in China illustrate the governance transformation of forest landscape restoration from state-controlled to polycentric governance. Based on a case study of the Ecological Forest Purchase Program in Yong'an municipality, China's Fujian Province, this paper explores how such forest governance transformation has evolved and how it has shaped the outcomes of forest landscape restoration in terms of multi-dimensionality and actor configurations...
January 2, 2018: Environmental Management
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