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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430029/legal-mapping-analysis-of-state-telehealth-reimbursement-policies
#1
Kate E Trout, Sankeerth Rampa, Fernando A Wilson, Jim P Stimpson
BACKGROUND: There exists rapid growth and inconsistency in the telehealth policy environment, which makes it difficult to quantitatively evaluate the impact of telehealth reimbursement and other policies without the availability of a legal mapping database. INTRODUCTION: We describe the creation of a legal mapping database of state-level policies related to telehealth reimbursement of healthcare services. Trends and characteristics of these policies are presented...
April 21, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427952/anti-bullying-policies-and-disparities-in-bullying-a-state-level-analysis
#2
Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Javier E Flores, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Angela Onwuachi-Willig, Marizen R Ramirez
INTRODUCTION: Recent research suggests that anti-bullying laws may be effective in reducing risk of bullying victimization among youth, but no research has determined whether these laws are also effective in reducing disparities in bullying. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-bullying legislation in reducing disparities in sex- and weight-based bullying and cyberbullying victimization. METHODS: Data on anti-bullying legislation were obtained from the U...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426304/a-significant-and-quiet-threat-to-public-health-in-the-united-states-state-preemption
#3
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Mark Pertschuk
State and local governments traditionally protect the health and safety of their populations more strenuously than does the federal government. Preemption, when a higher level of government restricts or withdraws the authority of a lower level of government to act on a particular issue, was historically used as a point of negotiation in the legislative process. More recently, however, 3 new preemption-related issues have emerged that have direct implications for public health. First, multiple industries are working on a 50-state strategy to enact state laws preempting local regulation...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424568/teacher-awareness-and-attitudes-regarding-adolescent-risk-behaviours-a-sample-of-finnish-middle-and-high-school-teachers
#4
Sari Castrén, Caroline E Temcheff, Jeffrey Derevensky, Kim Josefsson, Hannu Alho, Anne H Salonen
Empirical evidence has shown that youth gamble on both regulated and unregulated games, despite legislative prohibitions. This study assesses middle and high school teachers' awareness and attitudes regarding adolescent gambling and other potentially high-risk behaviours in Finland. A convenience sample of teachers (N = 157) from 13 provinces participated in the survey. The results suggest that teachers in Finland were more knowledgeable of the age limits of other adolescent high-risk behaviours than the legal age for gambling...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421889/overall-assessment-of-human-research-and-ethics-committees-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#5
Mahera Abdulrahman, Satish Chandrasekhar Nair
Growing demand for human health research in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has prompted the need to develop a robust research ethics oversight. Examination of the structure, function, and practices of the human research ethics committees (HRECs), followed by evaluation of standards for measuring research output, was conducted. Results indicate that among the HRECs, 90% followed International Council for Harmonization-Good Clinical Practice guidelines, 66.6% have been in operation for more than 5 years, 95% reviewed proposals within 8 weeks, and 56% reviewed for scientific merit apart from ethics...
April 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421691/the-impact-of-maternal-employment-on-children-s-adiposity-evidence-from-china-s-labor-policy-reform
#6
Young Jo, Qing Wang
BACKGROUND: China has experienced a rapid growth in childhood adiposity in recent years. Although a large number of studies examine the effect of maternal employment on children's adiposity in developed countries, only a few studies investigate the issue in developing countries. Moreover, existing studies tend to suffer from a potential endogeneity issue. AIMS: We provide new evidence on the causal effect of maternal employment on children's adiposity in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We employ a difference-in-difference strategy that takes advantage of China's 1995 legislative change to labor regulations, which reduced the number of workdays from 6 to 5 days per week...
April 19, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419432/a-global-synthesis-of-managing-groundwater-dependent-ecosystems-under-sustainable-groundwater-policy
#7
Melissa M Rohde, Ray Froend, Jeanette Howard
Groundwater is a vital water supply worldwide for people and nature. However, species and ecosystems that depend on groundwater for some or all of their water needs, known as groundwater dependent ecosystems (GDEs), are increasingly becoming threatened worldwide due to growing human water demands. Over the past two decades, the protection and management of GDEs have been incorporated into several water management policy initiatives worldwide including jurisdictions within Australia, the European Union, South Africa, and the United States...
April 17, 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418755/recommendations-for-adopting-the-international-code-of-marketing-of-breast-milk-substitutes-into-u-s-policy
#8
Jessica Soldavini, Lindsey Smith Taillie
In 1981, the World Health Organization adopted the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes ( International Code), with subsequent resolutions adopted since then. The International Code contributes to the safe and adequate provision of nutrition for infants by protecting and promoting breastfeeding and ensuring that human milk substitutes, when necessary, are used properly through adequate information and appropriate marketing and distribution. Despite the World Health Organization recommendations for all member nations to implement the International Code in its entirety, the United States has yet to take action to translate it into any national measures...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416966/an-overview-of-mental-health-care-system-in-kilifi-kenya-results-from-an-initial-assessment-using-the-world-health-organization-s-assessment-instrument-for-mental-health-systems
#9
Mary A Bitta, Symon M Kariuki, Eddie Chengo, Charles R J C Newton
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the state of mental health systems in Kenya. In 2010, Kenya promulgated a new constitution, which devolved national government and the national health system to 47 counties including Kilifi County. There is need to provide evidence from mental health systems research to identify priority areas in Kilifi's mental health system for informing county health sector decision making. We conducted an initial assessment of state of mental health systems in Kilifi County and documented resources, policy and legislation and spectrum of mental, neurological and substance use disorders...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414981/claims-in-vapour-device-e-cigarette-regulation-a-narrative-policy-framework-analysis
#10
Renée O'Leary, Ron Borland, Tim Stockwell, Marjorie MacDonald
BACKGROUND: The electronic cigarette or e-cigarette (vapour device) is a consumer product undergoing rapid growth, and governments have been adopting regulations on the sale of the devices and their nicotine liquids. Competing claims about vapour devices have ignited a contentious debate in the public health community. What claims have been taken up in the state arena, and how have they possibly influenced regulatory outcomes? METHODS: This study utilized Narrative Policy Framework to analyze the claims made about vapour devices in legislation recommendation reports from Queensland Australia, Canada, and the European Union, and the 2016 deeming rule legislation from the United States, and examined the claims and the regulatory outcomes in these jurisdictions...
April 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412463/frameworks-for-adaptation-of-health-guidelines-a-methodological-survey
#11
REVIEW
Andrea Darzi, Elias A Abou-Jaoude, Arnav Agarwal, Chantal Lakis, Wojtek Wiercioch, Nancy Santesso, Hneine Brax, Fadi El-Jardali, Holger J Schünemann, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to identify and describe published frameworks for adaptation of clinical, public health and health services guidelines. METHODS: We included reports describing methods of adaptation of guidelines in sufficient detail to allow its reproducibility. We searched Medline, and EMBASE databases. We also searched personal files, as well manuals and handbooks of organizations and professional societies that proposed methods of adaptation and adoption of guidelines...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412166/palliative-care-development-in-european-care-homes-and-nursing-homes-application-of-a-typology-of-implementation
#12
Katherine Froggatt, Sheila Payne, Hazel Morbey, Michaela Edwards, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Giovanni Gambassi, H Roeline Pasman, Katarzyna Szczerbińska, Lieve Van den Block
BACKGROUND: The provision of institutional long-term care for older people varies across Europe reflecting different models of health care delivery. Care for dying residents requires integration of palliative care into current care work, but little is known internationally of the different ways in which palliative care is being implemented in the care home setting. OBJECTIVES: To identify and classify, using a new typology, the variety of different strategic, operational, and organizational activities related to palliative care implementation in care homes across Europe...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410759/state-level-immigration-and-immigrant-focused-policies-as-drivers-of-latino-health-disparities-in-the-united-states
#13
Morgan M Philbin, Morgan Flake, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Jennifer S Hirsch
There has been a great deal of state-level legislative activity focused on immigration and immigrants over the past decade in the United States. Some policies aim to improve access to education, transportation, benefits, and additional services while others constrain such access. From a social determinants of health perspective, social and economic policies are intrinsically health policies, but research on the relationship between state-level immigration-related policies and Latino health remains scarce. This paper summarizes the existing evidence about the range of state-level immigration policies that affect Latino health, indicates conceptually plausible but under-explored relationships between policy domains and Latino health, traces the mechanisms through which immigration policies might shape Latino health, and points to key areas for future research...
April 7, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406390/search-engine-imaginary-visions-and-values-in-the-co-production-of-search-technology-and-europe
#14
Astrid Mager
This article discusses the co-production of search technology and a European identity in the context of the EU data protection reform. The negotiations of the EU data protection legislation ran from 2012 until 2015 and resulted in a unified data protection legislation directly binding for all European member states. I employ a discourse analysis to examine EU policy documents and Austrian media materials related to the reform process. Using the concept 'sociotechnical imaginary', I show how a European imaginary of search engines is forming in the EU policy domain, how a European identity is constructed in the envisioned politics of control, and how national specificities contribute to the making and unmaking of a European identity...
April 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406360/comparing-alcohol-marketing-and-alcohol-warning-message-policies-across-canada
#15
Ashley Wettlaufer, Samantha N Cukier, Norman Giesbrecht
BACKGROUND: In order to reduce harms from alcohol, evidence-based policies are to be introduced and sustained. OBJECTIVES: To facilitate the dissemination of policies that reduce alcohol-related harms by documenting, comparing, and sharing information on effective alcohol polices related to restrictions on alcohol marketing and alcohol warning messaging in 10 Canadian provinces. METHODS: Team members developed measurable indicators to assess policies on (a) restrictions on alcohol marketing, and (b) alcohol warning messaging...
April 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401693/assessing-person-centredness-developing-the-updated-valuing-patients-as-individuals-scale-uvpais-for-use-in-an-adult-acute-hospital-setting-using-exploratory-factor-analysis
#16
Martyn C Jones, Brian Williams, Janice Rattray, Steve MacGillivray, Debbie Baldie, A-R Abubakari, Joanne Coyle, Susan Mackie, Eileen McKenna
BACKGROUND: Healthcare in the United Kingdom and beyond is required to deliver high quality, person-centred care that is clinically effective and safe. However, patient experience is not uniform, and complaints often focus on the way patients have been treated. Legislation in United Kingdom requires health services to gather and use patients' evaluations of care to improve services. OBJECTIVES: To update and re-validate the Valuing Patients as Individuals Scale for use as a patient appraisal of received healthcare...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400033/pre-hospital-policies-for-the-care-of-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-india-a-policy-document-analysis
#17
Amisha Patel, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Mark Berendsen, P P Mohanan, Mark D Huffman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death in India. In high-income countries, pre-hospital systems of care have been developed to manage acute manifestations of ischemic heart disease, such as acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, it is unknown whether guidelines, policies, regulations, or laws exist to guide pre-hospital ACS care in India. We undertook a nation-wide document analysis to address this gap in knowledge. METHODS AND RESULTS: From November 2014 to May 2016, we searched for publicly available emergency care guidelines and legislation addressing pre-hospital ACS care in all 29 Indian states and 7 Union Territories via Internet search and direct correspondence...
April 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394063/engaging-medical-students-in-health-policy-through-legislation
#18
Sylvia Peterson-Perry, Anne Mancini Buckmaster, Suzanne Funkhouser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393635/assessment-of-environmental-policy-implementation-in-solid-waste-management-in-kathmandu-nepal
#19
Mohan B Dangi, Erica Schoenberger, John J Boland
In Nepal, full-fledged environmental legislation was rare before the democratic constitution of 1990. The first law covering the environment and sustainability was the Environment Protection Act 1997. While the Solid Waste Act was introduced in 1987, the problem of solid waste management still surfaces in Kathmandu. In order to understand the bedrock of this unrelenting failure in solid waste management, the manuscript digs deeper into policy implementation by dissecting solid waste rules, environmental legislations, relevant local laws, and solid waste management practices in Kathmandu, Nepal...
April 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393587/addressing-discriminatory-benefit-design-for-people-living-with-hiv-a-california-case-study
#20
Sara B McMenamin, Riti Shimkhada, Sarah P Hiller, Garen Corbett, Ninez Ponce
Concern is growing in the United States regarding the potential for health insurance benefit designs to discriminate against persons living with HIV as research demonstrates that such practices are occurring. A recent complaint filed against health insurers in seven states alleges that some health insurance companies have been using benefit designs that discourage enrollment of people living with HIV either by not covering essential HIV medications or by requiring cost-sharing for these prohibitively expensive medications...
April 9, 2017: AIDS Care
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