keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

legislations and policies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155288/investigation-of-the-practices-legislation-supply-chain-and-regulation-of-opioids-for-clinical-pain-management-in-southern-africa-a-multi-sectoral-cross-national-mixed-methods-study
#1
Eve Namisango, Matthew J Allsop, Richard A Powell, Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, Emmanuel Bk Luyirika, Fatia Kiyange, Edward Mukooza, Chris Ntege, Eunice Garanganga, Mavis Ntombifuthi Ginindza-Mdluli, Faith Mwangi-Powell, Lidia Justino Mondlane, Richard Harding
CONTEXT: Sub-Saharan Africa faces an increasing incidence and prevalence of life-limiting and life-threatening conditions. These conditions are associated with a significant burden of pain linked to high morbidity and disability that is poorly assessed and undertreated. Barriers to effective pain management partly relate to lack of access to opioid analgesia and challenges in their administration. OBJECTIVES: To identify country-specific and broader regional barriers to access, as well as the administration of opioids, and generate recommendations for advancing pain management in Southern Africa...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146104/an-innovative-approach-to-participatory-health-policy-development-in-bulgaria-the-conception-and-first-achievements-of-the-partnership-for-health
#2
Antoniya Dimova, Maria Rohova, Stanimir Hasardzhiev, Anne Spranger
The Bulgarian Partnership for Health was established in 2015 as a new forum for health policy formulation and discussion. The Partnership presents a new approach of structured and sustained stakeholder involvement to overcome the lack of public participation in health policy development and implementation. Constituted as a permanent consultative body to the Council of Ministers, the Partnership engages a wide variety of stakeholders and professionals to shape and improve health policies. The shared governance of the Partnership between the Minister of Health and a patient organisation supports the elaboration of legislative acts based on the stakeholders' collaboration in priority areas...
November 11, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145594/wellbeing-of-gay-fathers-with-children-born-through-surrogacy-a-comparison-with-lesbian-mother-families-and-heterosexual-ivf-parent-families
#3
L Van Rijn-van Gelderen, H W M Bos, T D Jorgensen, K Ellis-Davies, A Winstanley, S Golombok, B Rubio, M Gross, O Vecho, M E Lamb
STUDY QUESTION: Are there differences in levels of parental wellbeing (parental stress, psychological adjustment and partner relationship satisfaction) between gay-father families with infants born through surrogacy, lesbian-mother families with infants born through donor insemination, and heterosexual-parent families with infants born through IVF? SUMMARY ANSWER: There were no differences in parental wellbeing. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The only other study of parental wellbeing in gay-father families formed through surrogacy (mean age children: 4 years old) found no difference in couple relationship satisfaction between these families and lesbian-mother families formed through donor insemination and heterosexual-parent families formed without assisted reproductive technologies...
November 14, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143655/consent-ethics-and-genetic-biobanks-the-case-of-the-athlome-project
#4
REVIEW
Rachel Thompson, Michael J McNamee
This article provides a critical overview of the ethics and governance of genetic biobank research, using the Athlome Consortium as a large scale instance of collaborative sports genetic biobanking. We present a traditional model of written informed consent for the acquisition, storage, sharing and analysis of genetic data and articulate the challenges to it from new research practices such as genetic biobanking. We then articulate six possible alternative consent models: verbal consent, blanket consent, broad consent, meta consent, dynamic consent and waived consent...
November 14, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143444/the-subversion-of-mill-and-the-ultimate-aim-of-nursing
#5
Paul C Snelling
This is lightly edited and referenced version of a presentation given at the 20th International Philosophy of Nursing conference in Quebec on 23rd August 2016. Philosophical texts are not given the same prominence in nurse education as their more valued younger sibling, primary research evidence, but they can influence practice through guidelines, codes and espoused values. John Stuart Mill's harm principle, found in On Liberty, is not a universal law, and only a thoroughgoing libertarian would defend it as such, though it, or its remnants, can be seen can be seen in policy documents...
November 15, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141197/medical-abortion-reversal-science-and-politics-meet
#6
Khadijah Z Bhatti, Antoinette T Nguyen, Gretchen S Stuart
Medical abortion is a safe, effective, and acceptable option for patients seeking an early non-surgical abortion. In 2014, medical abortion accounted for nearly one-third (31%) of all abortions performed in the United States. State-level attempts to restrict reproductive and sexual health have recently included bills that require physicians to inform women that a medical abortion is reversible. In this commentary, we will review the history, current evidence-based regimen, and regulation of medical abortion...
November 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140658/killing-u-s-slowly-curing-the-epidemic-rise-of-cancer-drug-prices
#7
Emily K White
In August 2015, more than 110 U.S. oncologists published an article detailing the deleterious effects of rising cancer drugs prices and calling for numerous reforms to our prescription drug system. These prices are the result of decades of political maneuvering; they reflect the way our country has chosen to pay for healthcare, to foster and reward innovation, and to promote a national free market system. While these choices have resulted in immense profits for pharmaceutical companies—and subsidized the development of prescription drugs globally—they have also left many cancer patients unable to afford their medications...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136493/systems-thinking-and-simulation-modeling-to-inform-childhood-obesity-policy-and-practice
#8
Kenneth E Powell, Debra L Kibbe, Rachel Ferencik, Chris Soderquist, Mary Ann Phillips, Emily Anne Vall, Karen J Minyard
OBJECTIVES: In 2007, 31.7% of Georgia adolescents in grades 9-12 were overweight or obese. Understanding the impact of policies and interventions on obesity prevalence among young people can help determine statewide public health and policy strategies. This article describes a systems model, originally launched in 2008 and updated in 2014, that simulates the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034. METHODS: In 2008, using information from peer-reviewed reports and quantitative estimates by experts in childhood obesity, physical activity, nutrition, and health economics and policy, a group of legislators, legislative staff members, and experts trained in systems thinking and system dynamics modeling constructed a model simulating the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136490/adopting-state-level-policy-to-support-physical-activity-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-georgia-s-shape-act
#9
Rodney S Lyn, Erica R Sheldon, Michael P Eriksen
Physical inactivity among children is a public health problem associated with low levels of fitness, obesity, and increased risk of chronic diseases. Public health experts have identified policies targeting physical activity as a promising strategy to address this challenge. Understanding the process by which such policies are adopted may help to facilitate progress nationally. To examine lessons learned from the passage of the Student Health and Physical Education Act in Georgia, we conducted 15 interviews with people engaged in the adoption of the act...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133312/exploring-perceptions-and-experiences-of-patients-who-have-chronic-pain-as-state-prescription-opioid-policies-change-a-qualitative-study-in-indiana
#10
Morhaf Al Achkar, Debra Revere, Barbara Dennis, Palmer MacKie, Sumedha Gupta, Shaun Grannis
OBJECTIVES: The misuse and abuse of prescription opioids (POs) is an epidemic in the USA today. Many states have implemented legislation to curb the use of POs resulting from inappropriate prescribing. Indiana legislated opioid prescribing rules that went into effect in December 2013. The rules changed how chronic pain is managed by healthcare providers. This qualitative study aims to evaluate the impact of Indiana's opioid prescription legislation on the patient experiences around pain management...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129193/experiences-of-three-states-implementing-the-medicaid-health-home-model-to-address-opioid-use-disorder-case-studies-in-maryland-rhode-island-and-vermont
#11
Lisa Clemans-Cope, Jane B Wishner, Eva H Allen, Nicole Lallemand, Marni Epstein, Brenda C Spillman
PURPOSE: The United States is facing an unprecedented opioid epidemic. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) included several provisions designed to increase care coordination in state Medicaid programs and improve outcomes for those with chronic conditions, including substance use disorders. Three states-Maryland, Rhode Island, and Vermont - adopted the ACA's optional Medicaid health home model for individuals with opioid use disorder. The model coordinates opioid use disorder treatment that features opioid agonist therapy provided at opioid treatment programs (OTPs) and Office-based Opioid Treatment (OBOT) with medical and behavioral health care and other services, including those addressing social determinants of health...
December 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125021/organizational-policies-and-programs-to-reduce-job-stress-and-risk-of-workplace-violence-among-k-12-education-staff
#12
Paul Landsbergis, Jeanette Zoeckler, Zerin Kashem, Bianca Rivera, Darryl Alexander, Amy Bahruth
We examine strategies, programs, and policies that educators have developed to reduce work stressors and thus health risks. First, we review twenty-seven empirical studies and review papers on organizational programs and policies in K-12 education published from 1990 to 2015 and find some evidence that mentoring, induction, and Peer Assistance and Review programs can increase support, skill development, decision-making authority, and perhaps job security, for teachers-and thus have the potential to reduce job stressors...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124908/review-of-transmission-routes-of-24-infectious-diseases-preventable-by-biosecurity-measures-and-comparison-of-the-implementation-of-these-measures-in-pig-herds-in-six-european-countries
#13
REVIEW
M E Filippitzi, A Brinch Kruse, M Postma, S Sarrazin, D Maes, L Alban, L R Nielsen, J Dewulf
This study aimed to review the transmission routes of important infectious pig diseases and to translate these into biosecurity measures preventing or reducing the transmission between and within pig herds. Furthermore, it aimed to identify the level of implementation of these measures in different European countries and discuss the observed variations to identify potentials for improvement. First, a literature review was performed to show which direct and indirect transmission routes of 24 infectious pig diseases can be prevented through different biosecurity measures...
November 9, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117642/policy-change-and-the-national-essential-medicines-list-development-process-in-brazil-between-2000-and-2014-has-the-essential-medicine-concept-been-abandoned
#14
Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro, Thiago Botelho Azeredo, Vera Lúcia Edais Pepe, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Sueli Yamauti, Brian Godman, Lars L Gustafsson
Brazil has had a National Essential Medicines List (EML) since 1964. From 2000 to 2010, five consecutive evidence-based editions were produced, building on the essential medicines concept. In 2012, the government changed course to establish a new paradigm, introducing adoption of new medicines as the main aim within the recommendation process. The objective of the paper is to report efforts to develop Brazil's national EML, policy changes from 2000 to 2014, discussing results, challenges and perspectives. Brazilian EML history and development process were collected from legislation, minutes, reports and legal ordinances, from 2000 to 2014...
November 8, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111620/readying-community-water-fluoridation-advocates-through-training-surveillance-and-empowerment
#15
C Veschusio, M K Jones, J Mercer, A B Martin
This paper describes the Community Water Fluoridation Advocacy Training Project that was designed to develop networks of community water fluoridation advocates in rural communities. The South Carolina (SC) Department of Health and Environmental Control Division of Oral Health staff and the SC Dental Association were responsible for developing and facilitating the training sessions for key policy influencers, which included medical and dental providers, early childhood educators, and water system operators and managers...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110538/victims-attitudes-toward-sex-offenders-and-sex-offender-legislation
#16
Susanne Spoo, Leah E Kaylor, Sarah Schaaf, Michelle Rosselli, Anniken Laake, Christina Johnson, Elizabeth L Jeglic
It is commonly assumed that victims of sexual abuse feel more negatively toward sex offenders and advocate for harsher punishments than individuals who have not been victimized. This belief was examined by comparing attitudes toward sex offenders and their treatment, support of registration, notification, and residence restriction policies, as well as general knowledge about sex offenders between a sample of 129 individuals who reported sexual victimization and a sample of 841 individuals who did not report sexual victimization...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110235/automotive-brake-wear-a-review
#17
Syed M S Wahid
Road transport systems generate toxic particulate matter (PM) when in motion, that ultimately finds its way to the atmosphere. The PM produced by road transport systems can be broadly classified as exhaust and non-exhaust emissions. Exhaust emission is primarily due to product of combustion, as is the case of internal combustion engines and the PM is released to the atmosphere through the tail. Non-exhaust PM sources can be classified as sources such as emissions due to brake wear, tyre wear, road surface wear and resuspension...
November 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108142/euthanasia-in-belgium-legal-historical-and-political-review
#18
Toni C Saad
This article describes and evaluates the Belgian euthanasia experience by considering its practice and policy, both before and after the formal decriminalisation of euthanasia in 2002. The pre-legal practice of euthanasia, the evolution of euthanasia legislation, criticism of this legislation, the influence of politics, and later changes to the 2002 Act on Euthanasia are discussed, as well as the subject of euthanasia of minors and the matter of organ procurement. It is argued that the Belgian euthanasia experience is characterised by political expedition, and that the 2002 Act and its later amendments suffer from practical and conceptual flaws...
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100668/remaking-collective-knowledge-an-analysis-of-the-complex-and-multiple-effects-of-inquiries-into-historical-institutional-child-abuse
#19
Katie Wright
This article provides an overview and critical analysis of inquiries into historical institutional child abuse and examines their multiple functions and complex effects. The article takes a broadly international view but focuses primarily on Australia, the UK and Ireland, jurisdictions in which there have been major national inquiries. Drawing on sociological and other social science literature, it begins by considering the forms, functions, and purposes of inquiries. An overview of emergent concerns with institutional abuse in the 1980s and 1990s is then provided, followed by an examination of the response of many governments since that time in establishing inquiries...
October 31, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100222/trends-in-abortion-incidence-and-availability-in-north-carolina-1980-2013
#20
Jeniece Alvey, Amy G Bryant, Siân Curtis, Ilene S Speizer, S Philip Morgan, Rebecca Tippett, Jennifer C Hodgkinson, Krista Perreira
OBJECTIVES: Abortion incidence has declined nationally during the last decade. In recent years, many states, including North Carolina, have passed legislation related to the provision of abortion services. Despite the changing political environment, there is no comprehensive analysis on past and current trends related to unintended pregnancy and abortion in North Carolina. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of vital registration data made publicly available by the North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics...
November 2017: Southern Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
81362
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"