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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238328/international-policies-to-reduce-plastic-marine-pollution-from-single-use-plastics-plastic-bags-and-microbeads-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Dirk Xanthos, Tony R Walker
Marine plastic pollution has been a growing concern for decades. Single-use plastics (plastic bags and microbeads) are a significant source of this pollution. Although research outlining environmental, social, and economic impacts of marine plastic pollution is growing, few studies have examined policy and legislative tools to reduce plastic pollution, particularly single-use plastics (plastic bags and microbeads). This paper reviews current international market-based strategies and policies to reduce plastic bags and microbeads...
February 18, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226336/educational-outreach-to-opioid-prescribers-the-case-for-academic-detailing
#2
Margot Trotter Davis, Brian Bateman, Jerry Avorn
Nonmedical use of opioid medications constitutes a serious health threat as the rates of addiction, overdoses, and deaths have risen in recent years. Increasingly, inappropriate and excessively liberal prescribing of opioids by physicians is understood to be a central part of the crisis. Public health officials, hospital systems, and legislators are developing programs and regulations to address the problem in sustained and systematic ways that both insures effective treatment of pain and appropriate limits on the availability of opioids...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218340/world-health-organization-global-disability-action-plan-the-mongolian-perspective
#3
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Baljnnyam Avirmed, Yoon Kyoung Yi, Batchimeg Shirmen, Geoff Abbott, Mary P Galea
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on disability and rehabilitation in Mongolia, and to identify potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP). METHODS: A 4-member rehabilitation team from the Royal Melbourne Hospital conducted an intensive 6-day workshop at the Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, for local healthcare professionals (n = 77) from medical rehabilitation facilities (urban/rural, public/private) and non-governmental organizations...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217723/cancer-nurses-in-africa-finding-their-footing
#4
EDITORIAL
David Makumi
David Makumi is an award-winning cancer control leader. The US Oncology Nursing Society. (ONS) awarded him the prestigious Distinguished Award for contribution to cancer care in 2011. The following year, the International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care presented him with the Past President Award for his work in designing low-cost models of increasing access to breast cancer screening. David is the East Africa Regional Cancer Programs Manager for the Aga Khan University Hospital. He has been involved in cancer advocacy on policy and legislation for over 10 years...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216767/mental-health-and-the-law-an-overview-and-need-to-develop-and-strengthen-the-discipline-of-forensic-psychiatry-in-india
#5
REVIEW
Pratima Murthy, B C Malathesh, C Naveen Kumar, Suresh Bada Math
Human rights and mental health care of vulnerable population need supportive legislations and policies. Both "hard" and "soft" laws relevant to mental health care have been devised internationally and locally. Amendments in laws and the formulation of new laws are often required and have been seen to occur in the area of mental health care in India. So far, reform in mental health care has largely been reactive, but newer legislations and policies carry the hope of proactive reform. The lack of trained human resources is one of the biggest problems in effective mental health care delivery in India...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213395/the-politics-of-evidence-use-in-health-policy-making-in-germany-the-case-of-regulating-hospital-minimum-volumes
#6
Stefanie Ettelt
This article examines the role of scientific evidence in informing health policy decisions in Germany, using minimum volumes policy as a case study. It argues that scientific evidence was used strategically at various stages of the policy process both by individual corporatist actors and by the Federal Joint Committee as the regulator. Minimum volumes regulation was inspired by scientific evidence suggesting a positive relationship between service volume and patient outcomes for complex surgical interventions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212504/-kicked-out-lgbtq-youths-bathroom-experiences-and-preferences
#7
Carolyn M Porta, Amy L Gower, Christopher J Mehus, Xiaohui Yu, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Marla E Eisenberg
Attention toward who can use which gender binary, multi-stall bathroom has brought to the forefront, once again, the ways in which youth are supported or marginalized. No study has documented sexual and gender minority youths' experiences with and perspectives about bathrooms. We collected qualitative data in 2014-2015. Participants were 25 lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth, aged 14-19, in the United States and Canada. Their comments describe first- and second-hand bathroom experiences, identify advocacy efforts, and highlight the roles of peers and adults in making bathrooms safe (or not)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211039/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-epidemiological-review
#8
REVIEW
A C Green, C M Olsen
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a common cancer in white populations and its disease burden is often substantially underestimated. SCC occurs more often in men than women and increases dramatically with age; those affected often develop multiple primaries over time, which increases the burden. The main external cause is solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with immunosuppression being the other established risk factor, shown by the high SCC rates in organ transplant recipients. Sunbed use and certain genetic disorders and medical conditions are also associated with SCC, while associations with human papillomavirus infection and high bodyweight are not established...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207807/how-much-is-a-child-worth-providers-and-patients-views-and-responses-concerning-ethical-and-policy-challenges-in-paying-for-art
#9
Robert Klitzman
Infertility treatments remain expensive and in many countries are covered by little, if any, insurance, raising critical questions concerning how patients and providers view and make decisions regarding these challenges. In-depth semi-structured interviews of approximately 1 hour were conducted with 37 IVF providers and 10 patients (17 physicians, 10 other providers and 10 patients), and were systematically analyzed. These data suggest current insurance policies and legislation pose critical ethical and logistical challenges for both patients and providers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202929/prohibition-of-e-cigarettes-in-the-us-are-prohibitions-where-alcohol-is-consumed-related-to-lower-alcohol-consumption
#10
Alexandra R Hershberger, Kenny A Karyadi, Melissa A Cyders
Recently, research has suggested negative consequences related to electronic cigarette (e-cig) use, including the increased risk for alcohol use and abuse. Previous work found that cigarette smoking ban legislation lowered overall smoking and alcohol use rates; however, researchers have not yet examined the potential effects of prohibiting e-cig use. The present study surveyed 617 individuals from a community-based online sample in the US (mean age = 33.33, SD = 10.50, 54.7 per cent female) who reported their smoking/e-cig use status, alcohol consumption, and the presence of e-cig prohibitions where they consume alcohol...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188797/a-14-year-longitudinal-study-of-the-impact-of-clean-indoor-air-legislation-on-state-smoking-prevalence-usa-1997-2010
#11
Craig M Becker, Joseph G L Lee, Suzanne Hudson, Jeanne Hoover, Donald Civils
While clean indoor air legislation at the state level is an evidence-based recommendation, only limited evidence exists regarding the impact of clean indoor air policies on state smoking prevalence. Using state smoking prevalence data from 1997 to 2010, a repeated measures observational analysis assessed the association between clean indoor air policies (i.e., workplace, restaurant, and bar) and state smoking prevalence while controlling for state cigarette taxes and year. The impacts from the number of previous years with any clean indoor air policy, the number of policies in effect during the current year, and the number of policies in effect the previous year were analyzed...
February 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183806/commissioning-through-competition-and-cooperation-in-the-english-nhs-under-the-health-and-social-care-act-2012-evidence-from-a-qualitative-study-of-four-clinical-commissioning-groups
#12
Pauline Allen, Dorota Osipovič, Elizabeth Shepherd, Anna Coleman, Neil Perkins, Emma Garnett, Lorraine Williams
OBJECTIVE: The Health and Social Care Act 2012 ('HSCA 2012') introduced a new, statutory, form of regulation of competition into the National Health Service (NHS), while at the same time recognising that cooperation was necessary. NHS England's policy document, The Five Year Forward View ('5YFV') of 2014 placed less emphasis on competition without altering the legislation. We explored how commissioners and providers understand the complex regulatory framework, and how they behave in relation to competition and cooperation...
February 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182156/how-do-demographic-transitions-and-public-health-policies-affect-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-brazil
#13
REVIEW
Tânia M Bovolenta, Andre C Felicio
Brazil is currently experiencing a significant demographic transition characterized by a decrease in fertility rates and an exponential increase in the number of elderly citizens, which presents a special challenge for the health care professionals. More than other portions of the population, the elderly are most commonly affected by chronic diseases such as Parkinson's disease. Policymakers contend that Brazil is reasonably well-prepared regarding elderly health care, with policies that aim to ensure the quality of life and the well-being of this portion of the population...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181724/freshwater-ecosystems-could-become-the-biggest-losers-of-the-paris-agreement
#14
Virgilio Hermoso
Securing access to energy for a growing population under the international commitment of reduction of greenhouse emissions requires increasing the contribution of renewable sources to the global share. Hydropower energy, which accounts for > 80% of green energy, is experiencing a boom fostered by international investment mainly in developing countries. This boom could be further accelerated by the recent climate agreement reached in Paris. Despite its flexibility, hydropower production entails social, economic and ecological risks that need to be carefully considered before investing in the development of potentially thousands of planned hydropower projects worldwide...
February 9, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181109/a-retrospective-review-of-farm-injuries-presenting-to-an-irish-hospital-emergency-department-in-2013
#15
A Abdulkarim, P Carroll, P Coffey, E Sheehan
BACKGROUND: The agricultural and equestrian businesses are an important source of employment in the Midlands. This is a retrospective study examining the demographics, characteristics, and outcomes of agricultural and equestrian related injuries presenting to the Midland Regional Hospital, Tullamore, Co. Offaly. There were a total of 30,700 attendances to the Emergency Department for 2013. AIMS: This study is an epidemiological review of agricultural injuries, their mechanisms, and consequences presenting to a rural regional hospital over a 1 year period...
February 8, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173766/factors-influencing-decision-of-general-practitioners-and-managers-to-train-and-employ-a-nurse-practitioner-or-physician-assistant-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#16
Mieke van der Biezen, Emmy Derckx, Michel Wensing, Miranda Laurant
BACKGROUND: Due to the increasing demand on primary care, it is not only debated whether there are enough general practitioners (GPs) to comply with these demands but also whether specific tasks can be performed by other care providers. Although changing the workforce skill mix care by employing Physician Assistants (PAs) and Nurse Practitioners (NPs) has proven to be both effective and safe, the implementation of those professionals differs widely between and within countries. To support policy making regarding PAs/NPs in primary care, the aim of this study is to provide insight into factors influencing the decision of GPs and managers to train and employ a PA/NP within their organisation...
February 7, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171783/attitudes-regarding-the-national-forensic-dna-database-survey-data-from-the-general-public-prison-inmates-and-prosecutors-offices-in-the-republic-of-serbia
#17
Smilja Teodorović, Dragan Mijović, Una Radovanović Nenadić, Marina Savić
Worldwide, the establishment of national forensic DNA databases has transformed personal identification in the criminal justice system over the past two decades. It has also stimulated much debate centering on ethical issues, human rights, individual privacy, lack of safeguards and other standards. Therefore, a balance between effectiveness and intrusiveness of a national DNA repository is an imperative and needs to be achieved through a suitable legal framework. On its path to the European Union (EU), the Republic of Serbia is required to harmonize its national policies and legislation with the EU...
January 21, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166892/a-qualitative-review-of-existing-national-and-international-occupational-safety-and-health-policies-relating-to-occupational-sedentary-behaviour
#18
REVIEW
Pieter Coenen, Nicholas Gilson, Genevieve N Healy, David W Dunstan, Leon M Straker
Prolonged sedentary time is now recognised as an emergent ergonomics issue. We aimed to review current occupational safety and health policies relevant to occupational sedentary behaviour. An electronic search for documents was conducted on websites of ergonomics and occupational safety and health organisations from 10 countries and six international/pan-European agencies. Additionally, 43 informants (nine countries) were contacted and an international conference workshop held. 119 documents (e.g. legislation, guidelines, codes of practice) were identified...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165848/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-workplace-violence-toward-mental-health-staff-departments-in-jordanian-hospitals
#19
Manar Al-Azzam, Loai Tawalbeh, Mohammad Sulaiman, Ahmad Yahya Al-Sagarat, Eman Harb
A cross-sectional study (n = 262) was conducted to assess the prevalence of workplace violence among mental health departments staff in Jordan. The findings showed that 67.2% of the respondents were victims of at least one violent incident in the last year. Verbal abuse was the most reported type of violence. Patients were considered as the main source of violence. The contributing factors to workplace violence include being unmarried and working longer shifts. Sadly, just being a healthcare worker was found to also be a factor in the incidence of increased workplace violence...
February 6, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161674/advocacy-coalitions-involved-in-california-s-menu-labeling-policy-debate-exploring-coalition-structure-policy-beliefs-resources-and-strategies
#20
Denise D Payán, LaVonna B Lewis, Michael R Cousineau, Michael B Nichol
Advocacy coalitions often play an important role in the state health policymaking process, yet little is known about their structure, composition, and behavior. In 2008, California became the first state to enact a menu labeling law. Using the advocacy coalition framework, we examine different facets of the coalitions involved in California's menu labeling policy debate. We use a qualitative research approach to identify coalition members and explore their expressed beliefs and policy arguments, resources, and strategies by analyzing legislative documents (n = 87) and newspaper articles (n = 78) produced between 1999 and 2009...
January 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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