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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693477/clinical-consequences-of-untreated-dental-caries-assessed-using-pufa-index-and-its-covariates-in-children-residing-in-orphanages-of-pakistan
#1
Ramsha Kamran, Warda Farooq, Mehreen Riaz Faisal, Faisal Jahangir
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical effects of untreated dental caries in Pakistani children residing in orphanages using the DMFT and PUFA index; association of decay and untreated dental caries with demographics including type of orphanage; behavioural and dental visiting pattern; and association of dental pain experience and type of orphanage with dental visiting. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a total of 753 orphan children belonging to 4-17 years of age group residing in twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683579/communication-disability-in-fiji-community-self-help-and-help-seeking-support
#2
Suzanne C Hopf, Sharynne McLeod, Sarah H McDonagh, Cen Wang, Epenisa N Rakanace
PURPOSE: To understand how a Fijian community supports people with communication disability (PWCD) and whether their support is associated with participant demographics. METHOD: Thematic analysis of 144 questionnaires that asked about participants' actions to support a fictional child and adult with communication disability. RESULT: Participant responses fell into two categories: what they would do directly (self-help) and people and places where they would seek assistance (help-seeking)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657250/hearing-voices-lessons-from-the-history-of-psychiatry-in-ireland
#3
B D Kelly
The history of psychiatry is a history of therapeutic enthusiasm, with all of the triumph and tragedy, hubris and humility that such enthusiasm brings. During the 1800s and early 1900s, Ireland-s public asylums were routinely overcrowded, unhygienic and, quite commonly, fatal. The asylums became all-too-convenient options for a society with an apparently insatiable hunger for institutions, incarceration and control. The emergence of clinical professionals, both medical and nursing, was inevitably a factor in this complex mix, but the effects of any search for professional prestige were dwarfed by asylum doctors' clear outrage at what the asylum system became...
March 10, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654741/intestinal-parasites-in-stool-samples-and-perianal-swabs-examined-by-the-voivodeship-sanitary-epidemiological-station-in-bydgoszcz-between-2000-2014
#4
Jerzy Kasprzak, Bożena Szaładzińska, Małgorzata Smoguła, Marcin Ziuziakowski
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological conditions are changing due to the modifications in human behavior and environment. Parasitic diseases are most often caused by intestinal parasites. The frequency of Echinococcus multilocularis and tropical diseases increases in Poland. AIM OF STUDY: Analysis of intestinal parasites’ occurrence in stool samples and perianal swabs tested in Medical Diagnostics Department of The Voivodeship Sanitary-Epidemiological Station in Bydgoszcz between 2000-2014...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571277/periodontal-and-dentition-status-among-orphans-and-children-with-parents-in-mysore-city-india-a-comparative-study
#5
Ravi Kumar Thetakala, S Sunitha, B R Chandrashekar, Priyanka Sharma, N C Krupa, Y Srilatha
INTRODUCTION: Oral health symbolises the general health and quality of life of an individual. The socioeconomic status of the parents shows direct impact on oral health status of children. Thus, it can be hypothesised that the pattern of oral diseases would be different among children living with parents and orphans. AIM: To explore periodontal and dentition status among orphans and children with parents in Mysore city, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among six to 15-year-old children residing in eight orphanages...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511375/impact-of-nutritional-status-on-cognition-in-institutionalized-orphans-a-pilot-study
#6
Sanjana M Kamath, Kavana G Venkatappa, Ergod Manjunath Sparshadeep
INTRODUCTION: Proper nutrition is critical for maximizing brain function and enhancing learning. There is accumulating evidence that early malnutrition, marked by stunting, is associated with long-term deficits in cognitive and academic performance, even when social and psychological differences are controlled. All over the world, children living without permanent parental care are at a heightened risk for under-nutrition, putting their health and development in great jeopardy. AIM: To assess the nutritional and cognitive status in institutionalized orphans which might help to formulate effective interventions for improving the nutritional status of vulnerable children in future...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421143/the-dual-burden-of-malnutrition-and-associated-dietary-and-lifestyle-habits-among-lebanese-school-age-children-living-in-orphanages-in-north-lebanon
#7
Germine El-Kassas, Fouad Ziade
Childhood is a crucial period affecting physical and intellectual development. Although children living in orphanages are among the most vulnerable groups at risk of malnutrition, there is scarcity of data concerning their nutritional status in Lebanon. To investigate these data, a cross-sectional survey was conducted including a sample of 153 institutionalized children aged 5-14 years from all orphanages in Tripoli. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric, clinical, and dietary tools. Interpretation of anthropometric data showed that 13...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315972/emotional-health-and-self-esteem-among-adolescents-in-malaysian-orphanages
#8
Marjan Mohammadzadeh, Hamidin Awang, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Suriani Ismail
This study aimed to assess the prevalence and risk factors of depression, anxiety, stress and low self-esteem among institutional Malaysian adolescents. This cross-sectional descriptive study included 287 adolescents aged 12-18 years living in six selected orphan homes. Study's instruments included Socio-demographic questionnaire, validated Malay version of Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The findings revealed that 85.2, 80.1 and 84.7% of participants had depression, anxiety and stress respectively...
March 18, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236315/impact-of-a-support-group-for-the-caregivers-at-an-orphanage-in-turkey
#9
Zeynep Çatay, Dilşad Koloğlugil
This study examined the effectiveness of a 20-session training and supervision support group for caregivers working at an orphanage in Istanbul. The support group's goals were to promote sensitive and responsive caregiving in an institutional setting, to decrease the stress level of the caregivers, and to increase the quality of the relationship between caregivers and children. Thirty-six children (15-37 months) and 24 caregivers participated in this study. Comparison of the pre- and posttest measures of the caregiver intervention and control groups indicated that the intervention yielded successful outcomes...
March 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170387/early-growth-faltering-in-post-institutionalized-youth-and-later-anthropometric-and-pubertal-development
#10
Brie M Reid, Bradley S Miller, Lorah D Dorn, Christopher Desjardins, Bonny Donzella, Megan Gunnar
BackgroundEarly-life adversity that increases the risk of growth stunting is hypothesized to increase the risk of obesity and, in girls, early-onset puberty. This hypothesis was tested in children adopted from orphanages.MethodsPost-institutionalized (PI) youth were compared with youth reared in comparable families (non-adopted; NA) on height, weight, pubertal stage, and fat mass (127 PI, 80 female; 156 NA, 85 female, aged 7-14 years). Anthropometric findings at adoption were obtained from first US clinic visits...
August 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155305/culturally-sensitive-adaptation-of-the-concept-of-relational-communication-therapy-as-a-support-to-language-development-an-exploratory-study-in-collaboration-with-a-tanzanian-orphanage
#11
Ulrike Schütte
BACKGROUND: Orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) who grow up in institutional care often show communication and language problems. The caregivers lack training, and there are few language didactics programmes aimed at supporting communication and language development in OVC in institutional care in Tanzania. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to adapt the German concept of relational communication therapy (RCT) as a support to language development in a Tanzanian early childhood education context in a culturally sensitive way...
November 7, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141706/attached-to-a-diagnosis-the-quandary-of-social-deficits-and-reactive-attachment-disorder
#12
Randall Phelps, Debra Eisert, Susan Schulz, Marilyn Augustyn
Alex is a 9-year-old boy brought to you, his primary care provider, for a "fifth opinion." You have cared for Alex since he was adopted from a Romanian orphanage at 3 years of age. He has been physically healthy with normal growth parameters and no evidence of fetal alcohol syndrome. Alex has long-standing history of social difficulties, impulsivity, lying, controlling, manipulative behaviors, violent outbursts at home with subsequent lack of remorse, and excessive chatter. You referred Alex to an interdisciplinary child development clinic 2 years ago, where he was diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127170/dental-caries-status-of-institutionalized-orphan-children-from-jammu-and-kashmir-india
#13
Aasim F Shah, Pradeep Tangade, T L Ravishankar, Amit Tirth, Sumit Pal, Manu Batra
INTRODUCTION: It has been well documented that the absence of family support influences the general and oral health of the children. Factors that lead to the development of disease at a given point in time are likely to have their roots in a complex chain of environmental events that may have begun years before. A number of studies have examined the relationship between dental caries and material deprivation and found a positive association between them. Though orphans contribute to 2% of world's population, literature regarding their oral health status is very scarce...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064527/child-violence-experiences-in-institutionalised-orphanage-care
#14
Lorraine Sherr, Kathryn J Roberts, Natasha Gandhi
Institutions are not necessarily good environments for children. In the face of challenges such as HIV, Ebola, poverty, conflict and disaster the numbers have grown rather than reduced. Some countries have closed institutions down -driven by findings that cognitive developmental delay is associated with institutional care. Yet insight into abuse and violence within institutionalised settings is neglected. Maltreatment -violence and abuse -may be an issue. This systematic review series addresses violence and abuse experiences in institutionalised care, exploring firstly the frequency of abuse/violence in institutions, secondly any interventions to reduce such violence or abuse and thirdly the perpetrators of such violence or abuse...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994619/some-risk-factors-of-chronic-functional-constipation-identified-in-a-pediatric-population-sample-from-romania
#15
Claudia Olaru, Smaranda Diaconescu, Laura Trandafir, Nicoleta Gimiga, Gabriela Stefanescu, Gabriela Ciubotariu, Marin Burlea
We conducted an observational study over a 1-year period, including 234 children aged 4-18 years and their caregivers and a matching control group. 60.73% of the children from the study group were males. Average age for the onset of constipation was 26.39 months. The frequency of defecation was 1/4.59 days (1/1.13 days in the control group). 38.49% of the patients in the sample group had a positive family history of functional constipation. The majority of children with functional constipation come from single-parent families, are raised by relatives, or come from orphanages...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971785/is-the-orphanage-filling-up-projecting-the-growth-and-budget-impact-of-orphan-drugs-in-europe
#16
S Flostrand, I Rodriguez, B Maddox, L Finch, S Belulaj, A Gould
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870192/-effective-volunteerism-helping-child-caregivers-in-developing-countries
#17
Alexandra Murray Harrison
This article proposes a method of volunteering mental health consultation to child caregivers in developing countries in the context of episodic visits and a long-term relationship. It is derived from the author's experience doing this work for approximately 12 years. The two foundational features of the method-the role of a consultant and a long-term relationship-are described. The method is then elaborated in two settings: consultation to caregivers in an orphanage in Central America and at a hospital in India...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805890/dental-treatment-needs-among-children-and-adolescents-residing-in-an-ugandan-orphanage
#18
Pessia Friedman Rubin, Ephraim Winocur, Assaf Erez, Ravit Birenboim-Wilensky, Benjamin Peretz
BACKGROUND: Previous studies focused on the dental caries status of East African children and not on their overall dental needs. Urban children consume more sugar-rich foods. OBJECTIVES: To assess overall dental treatment needs of children living in an orphanage in Uganda. STUDY DESIGN: Teeth were diagnosed as needing treatment by obvious frank carious lesions (WHO criteria), temporary fillings, staining, or very deep pit and/or fissures possibly requiring sealants...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680007/chemical-assessment-of-lead-cadmium-nitrate-and-nitrite-intakes-with-daily-diets-of-children-and-adolescents-from-orphanages-in-krakow-poland
#19
Katarzyna Pysz, Teresa Leszczyńska, Renata Bieżanowska-Kopeć, Aneta Kopeć
The aim of this study has been to measure the level of lead, cadmium, nitrates, and nitrites in the daily diets of children and adolescents from orphanages located in Krakow (Poland). Diets were collected over four seasons of 2009. The content of cadmium and lead was measured with flameless atomic absorption spectrometry. Nitrates and nitrites in diets were measured using the Griess colorimetric method. In all orphanages, the average intake of lead with daily diets, regardless of the season, ranged from 1.11 ± 0...
December 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665491/reproductive-performance-of-the-largest-captive-asian-elephant-elephas-maximus-population-in-sri-lanka
#20
P G A Pushpakumara, R C Rajapakse, B M A O Perera, J L Brown
The Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage (PEO) in Sri Lanka maintains one of the largest captive Asian elephant (Elephas maximus maximus) populations in the world, with a total of 79 animals (45 females and 34 males) at present. It was established in 1975 as an orphanage for rescued wild calves, and commenced natural breeding under controlled conditions when they reached breeding age. This study summarizes reproductive data of 65 live births from 38 years of records at PEO. The age at first calving (n=31) was 14.6±0...
November 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
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