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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315972/emotional-health-and-self-esteem-among-adolescents-in-malaysian-orphanages
#1
Marjan Mohammadzadeh, Hamidin Awang, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Suriani Ismail
This study aimed to assess the prevalence and risk factors of depression, anxiety, stress and low self-esteem among institutional Malaysian adolescents. This cross-sectional descriptive study included 287 adolescents aged 12-18 years living in six selected orphan homes. Study's instruments included Socio-demographic questionnaire, validated Malay version of Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The findings revealed that 85.2, 80.1 and 84.7% of participants had depression, anxiety and stress respectively...
March 18, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236315/impact-of-a-support-group-for-the-caregivers-at-an-orphanage-in-turkey
#2
Zeynep Çatay, Dilşad Koloğlugil
This study examined the effectiveness of a 20-session training and supervision support group for caregivers working at an orphanage in Istanbul. The support group's goals were to promote sensitive and responsive caregiving in an institutional setting, to decrease the stress level of the caregivers, and to increase the quality of the relationship between caregivers and children. Thirty-six children (15-37 months) and 24 caregivers participated in this study. Comparison of the pre- and posttest measures of the caregiver intervention and control groups indicated that the intervention yielded successful outcomes...
March 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170387/early-growth-faltering-in-post-institutionalized-youth-and-later-anthropometric-and-pubertal-development
#3
Brie M Reid, Bradley S Miller, Lorah D Dorn, Christopher Desjardins, Bonny Donzella, Megan Gunnar
BACKGROUND: Early life adversity that increases the risk of growth stunting is hypothesized to increase the risk of obesity and, in girls, early onset puberty. This hypothesis was tested in children adopted from orphanages. METHODS: Post-institutionalized (PI) youth were compared with youth reared in comparable families (non-adopted; NA) on height, weight, pubertal stage, and fat mass (127 PI, 80 female; 156 NA, 85 female, aged 7-14 years). Anthropometrics at adoption were obtained from first US clinic visits...
February 7, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155305/culturally-sensitive-adaptation-of-the-concept-of-relational-communication-therapy-as-a-support-to-language-development-an-exploratory-study-in-collaboration-with-a-tanzanian-orphanage
#4
Ulrike Schütte
BACKGROUND: Orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) who grow up in institutional care often show communication and language problems. The caregivers lack training, and there are few language didactics programmes aimed at supporting communication and language development in OVC in institutional care in Tanzania. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to adapt the German concept of relational communication therapy (RCT) as a support to language development in a Tanzanian early childhood education context in a culturally sensitive way...
November 7, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141706/attached-to-a-diagnosis-the-quandary-of-social-deficits-and-reactive-attachment-disorder
#5
Randall Phelps, Debra Eisert, Susan Schulz, Marilyn Augustyn
Alex is a 9-year-old boy brought to you, his primary care provider, for a "fifth opinion." You have cared for Alex since he was adopted from a Romanian orphanage at 3 years of age. He has been physically healthy with normal growth parameters and no evidence of fetal alcohol syndrome. Alex has long-standing history of social difficulties, impulsivity, lying, controlling, manipulative behaviors, violent outbursts at home with subsequent lack of remorse, and excessive chatter. You referred Alex to an interdisciplinary child development clinic 2 years ago, where he was diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127170/dental-caries-status-of-institutionalized-orphan-children-from-jammu-and-kashmir-india
#6
Aasim F Shah, Pradeep Tangade, T L Ravishankar, Amit Tirth, Sumit Pal, Manu Batra
INTRODUCTION: It has been well documented that the absence of family support influences the general and oral health of the children. Factors that lead to the development of disease at a given point in time are likely to have their roots in a complex chain of environmental events that may have begun years before. A number of studies have examined the relationship between dental caries and material deprivation and found a positive association between them. Though orphans contribute to 2% of world's population, literature regarding their oral health status is very scarce...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064527/child-violence-experiences-in-institutionalised-orphanage-care
#7
Lorraine Sherr, Kathryn J Roberts, Natasha Gandhi
Institutions are not necessarily good environments for children. In the face of challenges such as HIV, Ebola, poverty, conflict and disaster the numbers have grown rather than reduced. Some countries have closed institutions down -driven by findings that cognitive developmental delay is associated with institutional care. Yet insight into abuse and violence within institutionalised settings is neglected. Maltreatment -violence and abuse -may be an issue. This systematic review series addresses violence and abuse experiences in institutionalised care, exploring firstly the frequency of abuse/violence in institutions, secondly any interventions to reduce such violence or abuse and thirdly the perpetrators of such violence or abuse...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994619/some-risk-factors-of-chronic-functional-constipation-identified-in-a-pediatric-population-sample-from-romania
#8
Claudia Olaru, Smaranda Diaconescu, Laura Trandafir, Nicoleta Gimiga, Gabriela Stefanescu, Gabriela Ciubotariu, Marin Burlea
We conducted an observational study over a 1-year period, including 234 children aged 4-18 years and their caregivers and a matching control group. 60.73% of the children from the study group were males. Average age for the onset of constipation was 26.39 months. The frequency of defecation was 1/4.59 days (1/1.13 days in the control group). 38.49% of the patients in the sample group had a positive family history of functional constipation. The majority of children with functional constipation come from single-parent families, are raised by relatives, or come from orphanages...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971785/is-the-orphanage-filling-up-projecting-the-growth-and-budget-impact-of-orphan-drugs-in-europe
#9
S Flostrand, I Rodriguez, B Maddox, L Finch, S Belulaj, A Gould
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870192/-effective-volunteerism-helping-child-caregivers-in-developing-countries
#10
Alexandra Murray Harrison
This article proposes a method of volunteering mental health consultation to child caregivers in developing countries in the context of episodic visits and a long-term relationship. It is derived from the author's experience doing this work for approximately 12 years. The two foundational features of the method-the role of a consultant and a long-term relationship-are described. The method is then elaborated in two settings: consultation to caregivers in an orphanage in Central America and at a hospital in India...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805890/dental-treatment-needs-among-children-and-adolescents-residing-in-an-ugandan-orphanage
#11
Pessia Friedman Rubin, Ephraim Winocur, Assaf Erez, Ravit Birenboim-Wilensky, Benjamin Peretz
BACKGROUND: Previous studies focused on the dental caries status of East African children and not on their overall dental needs. Urban children consume more sugar-rich foods. OBJECTIVES: To assess overall dental treatment needs of children living in an orphanage in Uganda. STUDY DESIGN: Teeth were diagnosed as needing treatment by obvious frank carious lesions (WHO criteria), temporary fillings, staining, or very deep pit and/or fissures possibly requiring sealants...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680007/chemical-assessment-of-lead-cadmium-nitrate-and-nitrite-intakes-with-daily-diets-of-children-and-adolescents-from-orphanages-in-krakow-poland
#12
Katarzyna Pysz, Teresa Leszczyńska, Renata Bieżanowska-Kopeć, Aneta Kopeć
The aim of this study has been to measure the level of lead, cadmium, nitrates, and nitrites in the daily diets of children and adolescents from orphanages located in Krakow (Poland). Diets were collected over four seasons of 2009. The content of cadmium and lead was measured with flameless atomic absorption spectrometry. Nitrates and nitrites in diets were measured using the Griess colorimetric method. In all orphanages, the average intake of lead with daily diets, regardless of the season, ranged from 1.11 ± 0...
December 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665491/reproductive-performance-of-the-largest-captive-asian-elephant-elephas-maximus-population-in-sri-lanka
#13
P G A Pushpakumara, R C Rajapakse, B M A O Perera, J L Brown
The Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage (PEO) in Sri Lanka maintains one of the largest captive Asian elephant (Elephas maximus maximus) populations in the world, with a total of 79 animals (45 females and 34 males) at present. It was established in 1975 as an orphanage for rescued wild calves, and commenced natural breeding under controlled conditions when they reached breeding age. This study summarizes reproductive data of 65 live births from 38 years of records at PEO. The age at first calving (n=31) was 14.6±0...
November 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661279/-physical-development-of-children-in-orphanages
#14
Ph Kalatozishvili, N Davituliani, H Phagava, V Beridze, K Pagava
Aim - to define the parameters of physical development of children in orphanages. 72 children (45 boys, 27 girls) without chronic debilitating diseases and condition aged from 1 to 6 years from Tbilisi and Makhinjauri orphanages (Georgia) were assessed. Height and weight of all subjects were measured and BMI, height SDS (standard deviation score) and weight SDS were calculated. Data were compared to the normal values (national data). The retardation of the physical development were seen along almost all findings...
July 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589500/sensitive-periods-of-emotion-regulation-influences-of-parental-care-on-frontoamygdala-circuitry-and-plasticity
#15
REVIEW
Dylan G Gee
Early caregiving experiences play a central role in shaping emotional development, stress physiology, and refinement of limbic circuitry. Converging evidence across species delineates a sensitive period of heightened neuroplasticity when frontoamygdala circuitry is especially amenable to caregiver inputs early in life. During this period, parental buffering regulates emotional behaviors and stress physiology as emotion regulation circuitry continues to mature. By contrast, disorganized or poor quality caregiving has profound and lasting consequences on the maturation of frontoamygdala circuitry essential for emotion regulation, even following termination of this early life stressor (e...
September 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367200/-oral-health-status-in-children-with-intellectual-disability-living-in-organized-groups
#16
O G Avraamova, Yu V Pakhomova
The aim of the study was to assess oral health status in in children with intellectual disability (ID) living in Moscow Orphanage №15. The study involved 91 children aged 12 (39 children) and 15 (52 children). Caries incidence and DMFT index, periodontal disease incidence, OHI-S and PMA index, malocclusions incidence were assessed at baseline examination. Caries incidence in 12 and 15 y.o. was moderate (53.85% and 56.0%, correspondingly), as well as DMFT (2.77±0.52 и 2.94±0.53 correspondingly). In 2 children with rumination syndrome all teeth were affected by caries and these children received dental treatment under general anesthesia 7 times during last 60 months...
2016: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346127/psychosocial-needs-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-youths-in-thailand-lessons-learnt-from-instructive-counseling
#17
B Manaboriboon, R Lolekha, K Chokephaibulkit, P Leowsrisook, T Naiwatanakul, J Tarugsa, Y Durier, N Aunjit, W Punpanich Vandepitte, V Boon-Yasidhi
Identifying psychosocial needs of perinatally HIV-infected (pHIV) youth is a key step in ensuring good mental health care. We report psychosocial needs of pHIV youth identified using the "Youth Counseling Needs Survey" (YCS) and during individual counseling (IC) sessions. pHIV youth receiving care at two tertiary-care hospitals in Bangkok or at an orphanage in Lopburi province were invited to participate IC sessions. The youths' psychosocial needs were assessed using instructive IC sessions in four main areas: general health, reproductive health, mood, and psychosocial concerns...
December 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271856/severe-psychosocial-deprivation-in-early-childhood-is-associated-with-increased-dna-methylation-across-a-region-spanning-the-transcription-start-site-of-cyp2e1
#18
R Kumsta, S J Marzi, J Viana, E L Dempster, B Crawford, M Rutter, J Mill, E J S Sonuga-Barke
Exposure to adverse rearing environments including institutional deprivation and severe childhood abuse is associated with an increased risk for mental and physical health problems across the lifespan. Although the mechanisms mediating these effects are not known, recent work in rodent models suggests that epigenetic processes may be involved. We studied the impact of severe early-life adversity on epigenetic variation in a sample of adolescents adopted from the severely depriving orphanages of the Romanian communist era in the 1980s...
June 7, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264475/early-severe-institutional-deprivation-is-associated-with-a-persistent-variant-of-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-clinical-presentation-developmental-continuities-and-life-circumstances-in-the-english-and-romanian-adoptees-study
#19
Mark Kennedy, Jana Kreppner, Nicky Knights, Robert Kumsta, Barbara Maughan, Dennis Golm, Michael Rutter, Wolff Schlotz, Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
BACKGROUND: Early-life institutional deprivation is associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) later in childhood and adolescence. In this article, we examine, for the first time, the persistence of deprivation-related ADHD into young adulthood in a sample of individuals adopted as young children by UK families after periods in extremely depriving Romanian orphanages. METHODS: We estimated rates of ADHD at age 15 years and in young adulthood (ages 22-25 years) in individuals at low (LoDep; nondeprived UK adoptees and Romanian adoptees with less than 6-month institutional exposure) and high deprivation-related risk (HiDep; Romanian adoptees with more than 6-month exposure)...
October 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247964/is-early-experience-destiny-review-of-research-on-long-term-outcomes-following-international-adoption-with-special-reference-to-the-british-chinese-adoption-study
#20
REVIEW
Margaret Grant, Alan Rushton, John Simmonds
The pathway from adverse early experience to adulthood for internationally adopted children is complex in identifying key influences, impacts, and outcomes. This review arose from the authors' involvement in the British Chinese Adoption Study, a recent outcomes study that explored the links between early orphanage care, adoptive experiences, and midadulthood. It differs from previous reviews in focusing on a greater length of time since adoption. Both quantitative and qualitative studies were included to allow for examination of a fuller range of adult-related outcomes rather than mental health scores alone...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
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