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Yong-Kang Yang, Chao Yang, Waipan Chan, Zhaoquan Wang, Katelynn E Deibel, Joel L Pomerantz
The activation of NF-κB downstream of T Cell Receptor (TCR) engagement is a key signaling step required for normal lymphocyte function during the adaptive immune response. During TCR signaling, the adaptor protein Bcl10 is inducibly recruited to the CARD11 scaffold protein as part of a multicomponent complex that induces IKK kinase activity and NF-κB activation. Here we show that a consequence of this recruitment is the TCR-induced conjugation of Bcl10 with linear-linked polyubiquitin chains, to generate the signaling intermediate Lin(Ub)n-Bcl10, which is required for the association of Bcl10 with the NEMO subunit of the IKK complex...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Berthe Katrine Fiil, Mads Gyrd-Hansen
Ubiquitin chains assembled via the N-terminal methionine (Met1 or linear ubiquitin), conjugated by the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC), participate in NF-κΒ-dependent inflammatory signaling and immune responses. A recent report in Cell finds that OTULIN, a deubiquitinase that selectively cleaves Met1-linked ubiquitin chains, is essential for restraining inflammation in vivo.
September 30, 2016: Cell Research
Donghyun Joo, Yong Tang, Marzenna Blonska, Jianping Jin, Xueqiang Zhao, Xin Lin
Cell death and survival signaling pathways have opposed but fundamental functions for various cellular processes and crosstalk to each other to maintain cell homeostasis. Here, we report the novel mechanism between these two pathways through the cleavage of RNF31 by caspases. RNF31, a component of the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC), regulates cell survival by inducing linear ubiquitination of NF-κB signaling components. We found that RNF31 is cleaved in apoptosis condition through various stimulations...
September 26, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Paul R Elliott, Derek Leske, Matous Hrdinka, Katrin Bagola, Berthe K Fiil, Stephen H McLaughlin, Jane Wagstaff, Norbert Volkmar, John C Christianson, Benedikt M Kessler, Stefan M V Freund, David Komander, Mads Gyrd-Hansen
The linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) regulates immune signaling, and its function is regulated by the deubiquitinases OTULIN and CYLD, which associate with the catalytic subunit HOIP. However, the mechanism through which CYLD interacts with HOIP is unclear. We here show that CYLD interacts with HOIP via spermatogenesis-associated protein 2 (SPATA2). SPATA2 interacts with CYLD through its non-canonical PUB domain, which binds the catalytic CYLD USP domain in a CYLD B-box-dependent manner. Significantly, SPATA2 binding activates CYLD-mediated hydrolysis of ubiquitin chains...
September 15, 2016: Molecular Cell
Maarten F de Jong, Zixu Liu, Didi Chen, Neal M Alto
The linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) is a multimeric E3 ligase that catalyses M1 or linear ubiquitination of activated immune receptor signalling complexes (RSCs). Mutations that disrupt linear ubiquitin assembly lead to complex disease pathologies including immunodeficiency and autoinflammation in both humans and mice, but microbial toxins that target LUBAC function have not yet been discovered. Here, we report the identification of two homologous Shigella flexneri type III secretion system effector E3 ligases IpaH1...
2016: Nature Microbiology
Sebastian Kupka, Diego De Miguel, Peter Draber, Luigi Martino, Silvia Surinova, Katrin Rittinger, Henning Walczak
Recruitment of the deubiquitinase CYLD to signaling complexes is mediated by its interaction with HOIP, the catalytically active component of the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC). Here, we identify SPATA2 as a constitutive direct binding partner of HOIP that bridges the interaction between CYLD and HOIP. SPATA2 recruitment to TNFR1- and NOD2-signaling complexes is dependent on HOIP, and loss of SPATA2 abolishes CYLD recruitment. Deficiency in SPATA2 exerts limited effects on gene activation pathways but diminishes necroptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF), resembling loss of CYLD...
August 30, 2016: Cell Reports
Rune Busk Damgaard, Jennifer A Walker, Paola Marco-Casanova, Neil V Morgan, Hannah L Titheradge, Paul R Elliott, Duncan McHale, Eamonn R Maher, Andrew N J McKenzie, David Komander
Methionine-1 (M1)-linked ubiquitin chains regulate the activity of NF-κB, immune homeostasis, and responses to infection. The importance of negative regulators of M1-linked chains in vivo remains poorly understood. Here, we show that the M1-specific deubiquitinase OTULIN is essential for preventing TNF-associated systemic inflammation in humans and mice. A homozygous hypomorphic mutation in human OTULIN causes a potentially fatal autoinflammatory condition termed OTULIN-related autoinflammatory syndrome (ORAS)...
August 25, 2016: Cell
Lisa Schlicher, Manuela Wissler, Florian Preiss, Prisca Brauns-Schubert, Celia Jakob, Veronica Dumit, Christoph Borner, Joern Dengjel, Ulrich Maurer
K63- and Met1-linked ubiquitylation are crucial posttranslational modifications for TNF receptor signaling. These non-degradative ubiquitylations are counteracted by deubiquitinases (DUBs), such as the enzyme CYLD, resulting in an appropriate signal strength, but the regulation of this process remains incompletely understood. Here, we describe an interaction partner of CYLD, SPATA2, which we identified by a mass spectrometry screen. We find that SPATA2 interacts via its PUB domain with CYLD, while a PUB interaction motif (PIM) of SPATA2 interacts with the PUB domain of the LUBAC component HOIP SPATA2 is required for the recruitment of CYLD to the TNF receptor signaling complex upon TNFR stimulation...
October 2016: EMBO Reports
Mohsin Khan, Gulam Hussain Syed, Seong-Jun Kim, Aleem Siddiqui
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) suppresses innate immune signaling to establish persistent infection. Although HBV is a DNA virus, its pre-genomic RNA (pgRNA) can be sensed by RIG-I and activates MAVS to mediate interferon (IFN) λ synthesis. Despite of the activation of RIG-I-MAVS axis by pgRNA, the underlying mechanism explaining how HBV infection fails to induce interferon-αβ (IFN) synthesis remained uncharacterized. We demonstrate that HBV induced parkin is able to recruit the linear ubiquitin assembly complex (LUBAC) to mitochondria and abrogates IFN β synthesis...
June 2016: PLoS Pathogens
F Phocas, C Belloc, J Bidanel, L Delaby, J Y Dourmad, B Dumont, P Ezanno, L Fortun-Lamothe, G Foucras, B Frappat, E González-García, D Hazard, C Larzul, S Lubac, S Mignon-Grasteau, C R Moreno, M Tixier-Boichard, M Brochard
Agroecology uses ecological processes and local resources rather than chemical inputs to develop productive and resilient livestock and crop production systems. In this context, breeding innovations are necessary to obtain animals that are both productive and adapted to a broad range of local contexts and diversity of systems. Breeding strategies to promote agroecological systems are similar for different animal species. However, current practices differ regarding the breeding of ruminants, pigs and poultry...
June 13, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Saurabh Chattopadhyay, Teodora Kuzmanovic, Ying Zhang, Jaime L Wetzel, Ganes C Sen
The transcription factor IRF-3 mediates cellular antiviral response by inducing the expression of interferon and other antiviral proteins. In RNA-virus infected cells, IRF-3's transcriptional activation is triggered primarily by RIG-I-like receptors (RLR), which can also activate the RLR-induced IRF-3-mediated pathway of apoptosis (RIPA). Here, we have reported that the pathway of IRF-3 activation in RIPA was independent of and distinct from the known pathway of transcriptional activation of IRF-3. It required linear polyubiquitination of two specific lysine residues of IRF-3 by LUBAC, the linear polyubiquitinating enzyme complex, which bound IRF-3 in signal-dependent fashion...
May 17, 2016: Immunity
F Phocas, C Belloc, J Bidanel, L Delaby, J Y Dourmad, B Dumont, P Ezanno, L Fortun-Lamothe, G Foucras, B Frappat, E González-García, D Hazard, C Larzul, S Lubac, S Mignon-Grasteau, C R Moreno, M Tixier-Boichard, M Brochard
Agroecology uses natural processes and local resources rather than chemical inputs to ensure production while limiting the environmental footprint of livestock and crop production systems. Selecting to achieve a maximization of target production criteria has long proved detrimental to fitness traits. However, since the 1990s, developments in animal breeding have also focussed on animal robustness by balancing production and functional traits within overall breeding goals. We discuss here how an agroecological perspective should further shift breeding goals towards functional traits rather than production traits...
May 12, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Yibin Yang, Priscilla Kelly, Arthur L Shaffer, Roland Schmitz, Hee Min Yoo, Xinyue Liu, Da Wei Huang, Daniel Webster, Ryan M Young, Masao Nakagawa, Michele Ceribelli, George W Wright, Yandan Yang, Hong Zhao, Xin Yu, Weihong Xu, Wing C Chan, Elaine S Jaffe, Randy D Gascoyne, Elias Campo, Andreas Rosenwald, German Ott, Jan Delabie, Lisa Rimsza, Louis M Staudt
Chronic active B cell receptor (BCR) signaling, a hallmark of the activated B cell-like (ABC) subtype of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), engages the CARD11-MALT1-BCL10 (CBM) adapter complex to activate IκB kinase (IKK) and the classical NF-κB pathway. Here we show that the CBM complex includes the E3 ubiquitin ligases cIAP1 and cIAP2, which are essential mediators of BCR-dependent NF-κB activity in ABC DLBCL. cIAP1/2 attach K63-linked polyubiquitin chains on themselves and on BCL10, resulting in the recruitment of IKK and the linear ubiquitin chain ligase LUBAC, which is essential for IKK activation...
April 11, 2016: Cancer Cell
Tiphaine Douanne, Julie Gavard, Nicolas Bidère
Antigen-receptor-mediated activation of lymphocytes relies on a signalosome comprising CARMA1 (also known as CARD11), BCL10 and MALT1 (the CBM complex). The CBM activates nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) transcription factors by recruiting the 'linear ubiquitin assembly complex' (LUBAC), and unleashes MALT1 paracaspase activity. Although MALT1 enzyme shapes NF-κB signaling, lymphocyte activation and contributes to lymphoma growth, the identity of its substrates continues to be elucidated. Here, we report that the LUBAC subunit HOIL1 (also known as RBCK1) is cleaved by MALT1 following antigen receptor engagement...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
Matous Hrdinka, Berthe Katrine Fiil, Mattia Zucca, Derek Leske, Katrin Bagola, Monica Yabal, Paul R Elliott, Rune Busk Damgaard, David Komander, Philipp J Jost, Mads Gyrd-Hansen
Innate immune signaling relies on the deposition of non-degradative polyubiquitin at receptor-signaling complexes, but how these ubiquitin modifications are regulated by deubiquitinases remains incompletely understood. Met1-linked ubiquitin (Met1-Ub) is assembled by the linear ubiquitin assembly complex (LUBAC), and this is counteracted by the Met1-Ub-specific deubiquitinase OTULIN, which binds to the catalytic LUBAC subunit HOIP. In this study, we report that HOIP also interacts with the deubiquitinase CYLD but that CYLD does not regulate ubiquitination of LUBAC components...
March 29, 2016: Cell Reports
Satoshi Shimizu, Hiroaki Fujita, Yoshiteru Sasaki, Tatsuaki Tsuruyama, Kazuhiko Fukuda, Kazuhiro Iwai
The linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) participates in NF-κB activation and cell death protection. Loss of any of the three LUBAC subunits (catalytic HOIP, accessory HOIL-1L, or accessory SHARPIN subunit) leads to distinct phenotypes in mice and human. cpdm mice (chronic proliferative dermatitis in mice [cpdm]) that lack SHARPIN exhibit chronic inflammatory phenotypes, whereas HOIL-1L knockout mice exhibit no overt phenotypes, despite sharing highly homologous ubiquitin-like (UBL) and Npl4 zinc finger (NZF) domains...
May 15, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Madalina-Viviana Nastase, Jinyang Zeng-Brouwers, Helena Frey, Louise Tzung-Harn Hsieh, Chiara Poluzzi, Janet Beckmann, Nina Schroeder, Josef Pfeilschifter, Jaime Lopez-Mosqueda, Jan Mersmann, Fumiyo Ikeda, Renato V Iozzo, Ivan Dikic, Liliana Schaefer
Sepsis is burdened by high mortality due to uncontrolled inflammatory response to pathogens. Increased caspase 1 activation causing maturation of IL1β/18 remains a therapeutic challenge in sepsis. SHARPIN (shank-associated regulator of G-protein signaling homology domain-interacting protein), a component of the LUBAC (linear ubiquitin chain-assembly complex), regulates inflammation, with unknown effects on caspase 1 activation. Mice lacking Casp1, Casp11, or both in a Sharpin-deficient background were generated, exposed to lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxemia, and injected with caspase 1 inhibitor...
May 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Vanessa Redecke, Vandana Chaturvedi, Jeeba Kuriakose, Hans Häcker
SHARPIN is an essential component of the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) complex that controls signalling pathways of various receptors, including the tumour necrosis factor receptor (TNFR), Toll-like receptor (TLR) and antigen receptor, in part by synthesis of linear, non-degrading ubiquitin chains. Consistent with SHARPIN's function in different receptor pathways, the phenotype of SHARPIN-deficient mice is complex, including the development of inflammatory systemic and skin diseases, the latter of which depend on TNFR signal transduction...
June 2016: Immunology
Nieves Peltzer, Maurice Darding, Henning Walczak
The kinase RIPK1 is an essential signaling node in various innate immune signaling pathways being most extensively studied in the TNFR1 signaling pathway. TNF signaling can result in different biological outcomes including gene activation and cell death induction in the form of apoptosis or necroptosis. RIPK1 is believed to be crucial for regulating the balance between these opposing outcomes. It is therefore not surprising that RIPK1 is highly regulated, most notably by phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and their respective reversals...
June 2016: Trends in Cell Biology
Mehdi Baratchian, Christopher A Davis, Akira Shimizu, David Escors, Claire Bagnéris, Tracey Barrett, Mary K Collins
The viral FLICE-like inhibitory protein (FLIP) protein from Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus activates the NF-κB pathway by forming a stable complex with a central region (amino acids 150-272) of the inhibitor of NF-κB kinase (IKK) γ subunits, thereby activating IKK. Cellular FLIP (cFLIP) forms are also known to activate the NF-κB pathway via IKK activation. Here we demonstrate that cFLIPL, cFLIPS, and their proteolytic product p22-FLIP all require the C-terminal region of NEMO/IKKγ (amino acids 272-419) and its ubiquitin binding function for activation of the IKK kinase (or kinase complex), but none form a stable complex with IKKγ...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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