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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053955/the-met1-linked-ubiquitin-machinery-emerging-themes-of-de-regulation
#1
REVIEW
Matous Hrdinka, Mads Gyrd-Hansen
The linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex, LUBAC, is the only known mammalian ubiquitin ligase that makes methionine 1 (Met1)-linked polyubiquitin (also referred to as linear ubiquitin). A decade after LUBAC was discovered as a cellular activity of unknown function, there are now many lines of evidence connecting Met1-linked polyubiquitin to NF-κB signaling, cell death, inflammation, immunity, and cancer. We now know that Met1-linked polyubiquitin has potent signaling functions and that its deregulation is connected to disease...
October 19, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040328/integrin-beta-1-inhibition-alleviates-the-chronic-hyperproliferative-dermatitis-phenotype-of-sharpin-deficient-mice
#2
Emilia Peuhu, Siiri I Salomaa, Nicola De Franceschi, Christopher S Potter, John P Sundberg, Jeroen Pouwels
SHARPIN (Shank-Associated RH Domain-Interacting Protein) is a component of the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC), which enhances TNF-induced NF-κB activity. SHARPIN-deficient (Sharpincpdm/cpdm) mice display multi-organ inflammation and chronic proliferative dermatitis (cpdm) due to TNF-induced keratinocyte apoptosis. In cells, SHARPIN also inhibits integrins independently of LUBAC, but it has remained enigmatic whether elevated integrin activity levels in the dermis of Sharpincpdm/cpdm mice is due to increased integrin activity or is secondary to inflammation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978479/structural-insights-into-sharpin-mediated-activation-of-hoip-for-the-linear-ubiquitin-chain-assembly
#3
Jianping Liu, Yingli Wang, Yukang Gong, Tao Fu, Shichen Hu, Zixuan Zhou, Lifeng Pan
The linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) is the sole identified E3 ligase complex that catalyzes the formation of linear ubiquitin chain, and it is composed of HOIP, HOIL-1L, and SHARPIN. The E3 activity of HOIP can be effectively activated by HOIL-1L or SHARPIN, deficiency of which leads to severe immune system disorders. However, the underlying mechanism governing the HOIP-SHARPIN interaction and the SHARPIN-mediated activation of HOIP remains elusive. Here, we biochemically and structurally demonstrate that the UBL domain of SHARPIN specifically binds to the UBA domain of HOIP and thereby associates with and activates HOIP...
October 3, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919039/a-linear-diubiquitin-based-probe-for-efficient-and-selective-detection-of-the-deubiquitinating-enzyme-otulin
#4
Aurelia Weber, Paul R Elliott, Adan Pinto-Fernandez, Sarah Bonham, Benedikt M Kessler, David Komander, Farid El Oualid, Daniel Krappmann
The methionine 1 (M1)-specific deubiquitinase (DUB) OTULIN acts as a negative regulator of nuclear factor κB signaling and immune homeostasis. By replacing Gly76 in distal ubiquitin (Ub) by dehydroalanine we designed the diubiquitin (diUb) activity-based probe UbG76Dha-Ub (OTULIN activity-based probe [ABP]) that couples to the catalytic site of OTULIN and thereby captures OTULIN in its active conformation. The OTULIN ABP displays high selectivity for OTULIN and does not label other M1-cleaving DUBs, including CYLD...
October 19, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903384/a-novel-sharpin-prmt5-h3r2me1-axis-is-essential-for-lung-cancer-cell-invasion
#5
Tingxiong Fu, Xiuwei Lv, Qingzhi Kong, Changjing Yuan
SHARPIN (Shank-associated RH domain interacting protein) is the main component of the linear ubiquitin chain activation complex (LUBAC). SHARPIN is involved in regulating inflammation and cancer progression. However, whether SHARPIN plays an important role in lung cancer metastasis and the potential underlying mechanism are still unknown. Here, for the first time, we reported that SHARPIN expression is closely related to lung cancer progression. Moreover, SHARPIN plays a central role in controlling lung cancer cell metastasis...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775156/the-sharpin-interactome-reveals-a-role-for-sharpin-in-lamellipodium-formation-via-the-arp2-3-complex
#6
Meraj H Khan, Siiri I Salomaa, Guillaume Jacquemet, Umar Butt, Mitro Miihkinen, Takahiro Deguchi, Elena Kremneva, Pekka Lappalainen, Martin J Humphries, Jeroen Pouwels
Sharpin, a multifunctional adaptor protein, regulates several signalling pathways. For example, Sharpin enhances signal-induced NF-κB signalling as part of the linear ubiquitin assembly complex (LUBAC) and inhibits integrins, the T cell receptor, caspase 1 and PTEN. However, despite recent insights into Sharpin and LUBAC function, a systematic approach to identify the signalling pathways regulated by Sharpin has not been reported. Here, we present the first 'Sharpin interactome', which identifies a large number of novel potential Sharpin interactors in addition to several known ones...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723619/a-novel-sharpin-prmt5-h3r2me1-axis-is-essential-for-lung-cancer-cell-invasion
#7
Tingxiong Fu, Xiuwei Lv, Qingzhi Kong, Changjing Yuan
SHARPIN (Shank-associated RH domain interacting protein) is the main component of the linear ubiquitin chain activation complex (LUBAC). SHARPIN is involved in regulating inflammation and cancer progression. However, whether SHARPIN plays an important role in lung cancer metastasis and the potential underlying mechanism are still unknown. Here, for the first time, we reported that SHARPIN expression is closely related to lung cancer progression. Moreover, SHARPIN plays a central role in controlling lung cancer cell metastasis...
July 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701375/spata2-regulates-the-activation-of-ripk1-by-modulating-linear-ubiquitination
#8
Ran Wei, Lily Wen Xu, Jianping Liu, Yanxia Li, Pei Zhang, Bing Shan, Xiaojuan Lu, Lihui Qian, Zheming Wu, Kangyun Dong, Hong Zhu, Lifeng Pan, Junying Yuan, Heling Pan
Stimulation of cells with TNFα leads to the formation of the TNF-R1 signaling complex (TNF-RSC) to mediate downstream cellular fate decision. Activation of the TNF-RSC is modulated by different types of ubiquitination and may lead to cell death, including apoptosis and necroptosis, in both RIPK1-dependent and RIPK1-independent manners. Spata2 (spermatogenesis-associated 2) is an adaptor protein recruited into the TNF-RSC to modulate the interaction between the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) and the deubiquitinase CYLD (cylindromatosis)...
June 1, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647349/inhibitor-of-apoptosis-proteins-iaps-limit-ripk1-mediated-skin-inflammation
#9
Holly Anderton, James A Rickard, George A Varigos, Najoua Lalaoui, John Silke
Inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) are critical regulators of cell death and survival pathways. Mice lacking cIAP1 and either cIAP2 or XIAP die in utero, and myeloid lineage-specific deletion of all IAPs causes sterile inflammation, but their role in the skin is unknown. We generated epidermal-specific IAP-deficient mice and found that combined genetic deletion of cIAP1 (epidermal knockout [EKO]) in keratinocytes and ubiquitous cIAP2 deletion (cIap1(EKO/EKO).cIap2(-/-)) caused profound skin inflammation and keratinocyte death, lethal by postpartum day 10...
November 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481331/lubac-synthesized-linear-ubiquitin-chains-restrict-cytosol-invading-bacteria-by-activating-autophagy-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#10
Jessica Noad, Alexander von der Malsburg, Claudio Pathe, Martin A Michel, David Komander, Felix Randow
Cell-autonomous immunity relies on the ubiquitin coat surrounding cytosol-invading bacteria functioning as an 'eat-me' signal for xenophagy. The origin, composition and precise mode of action of the ubiquitin coat remain incompletely understood. Here, by studying Salmonella Typhimurium, we show that the E3 ligase LUBAC generates linear (M1-linked) polyubiquitin patches in the ubiquitin coat, which serve as antibacterial and pro-inflammatory signalling platforms. LUBAC is recruited via its subunit HOIP to bacterial surfaces that are no longer shielded by host membranes and are already displaying ubiquitin, suggesting that LUBAC amplifies and refashions the ubiquitin coat...
May 8, 2017: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475177/the-role-of-hybrid-ubiquitin-chains-in-the-myd88-and-other-innate-immune-signalling-pathways
#11
REVIEW
Philip Cohen, Sam Strickson
The adaptor protein MyD88 is required for signal transmission by toll-like receptors and receptors of the interleukin-1 family of cytokines. MyD88 signalling triggers the formation of Lys63-linked and Met1-linked ubiquitin (K63-Ub, M1-Ub) chains within minutes. The K63-Ub chains, which are formed by the E3 ubiquitin ligases TRAF6, Pellino1 and Pellino2, activate TAK1, the master kinase that switches on mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascades and initiates activation of the canonical IκB kinase (IKK) complex...
July 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475174/diverse-ubiquitin-linkages-regulate-rip-kinases-mediated-inflammatory-and-cell-death-signaling
#12
REVIEW
Axel Witt, Domagoj Vucic
Members of the RIP kinase family are key regulators of inflammation and cell death signaling implicated in maintaining immune responses and proper tissue homeostasis. Increasing evidence points to post-translational modifications of RIP1, RIP2 and RIP3 as being critical for regulating their function. Ubiquitination and the E3 ligases, such as inhibitors of apoptosis (IAP) proteins and LUBAC, that direct substrate selectivity as well as the deubiquitinating enzymes, such as A20 and OTULIN, that reverse these modifications dictate the outcome of RIP kinase signaling...
July 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469620/nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-autoinflammatory-diseases-dysregulation-of-protein-modifications-by-ubiquitin-defines-a-new-category-of-autoinflammatory-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Ivona Aksentijevich, Qing Zhou
Autoinflammatory diseases are caused by defects in genes that regulate the innate immunity. Recently, the scope of autoinflammation has been broadened to include diseases that result from dysregulations in protein modifications by the highly conserved ubiquitin (Ub) peptides. Thus far these diseases consist of linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) and OTULIN deficiencies, and haploinsufficiency of A20. The LUBAC is critical for linear ubiquitination of key signaling molecules in immune response pathways, while deubiquitinase enzymes, OTULIN and TNFAIP3/A20, reverse the effects of ubiquitination by hydrolyzing linear (Met1) and Lys63 (K63) Ub moieties, respectively, from conjugated proteins...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446710/linear-ubiquitin-chains-enzymes-mechanisms-and-biology
#14
REVIEW
Katrin Rittinger, Fumiyo Ikeda
Ubiquitination is a versatile post-translational modification that regulates a multitude of cellular processes. Its versatility is based on the ability of ubiquitin to form multiple types of polyubiquitin chains, which are recognized by specific ubiquitin receptors to induce the required cellular response. Linear ubiquitin chains are linked through Met 1 and have been established as important players of inflammatory signalling and apoptotic cell death. These chains are generated by a ubiquitin E3 ligase complex called the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) that is thus far the only E3 ligase capable of forming linear ubiquitin chains...
April 2017: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325627/tlrs-go-linear-on-the-ubiquitin-edge
#15
Julia Zinngrebe, Henning Walczak
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are crucial in protecting the host from pathogens. However, their exact role in disease remains incompletely understood. TLR signaling is tightly controlled because too little or too much TLR activation can result in immunodeficiency or autoinflammation, respectively. There is increasing evidence that linear ubiquitination, mediated by the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC), plays a pivotal role in the regulation of TLR signaling. Recent advances have identified an intricate interaction between LUBAC and TLRs, with immunological consequences for infection and the development of autoinflammation in the host...
April 2017: Trends in Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319114/internally-tagged-ubiquitin-a-tool-to-identify-linear-polyubiquitin-modified-proteins-by-mass-spectrometry
#16
Katarzyna Kliza, Christoph Taumer, Irene Pinzuti, Mirita Franz-Wachtel, Simone Kunzelmann, Benjamin Stieglitz, Boris Macek, Koraljka Husnjak
Ubiquitination controls a plethora of cellular processes. Modifications by linear polyubiquitin have so far been linked with acquired and innate immunity, lymphocyte development and genotoxic stress response. Until now, a single E3 ligase complex (LUBAC), one specific deubiquitinase (OTULIN) and a very few linear polyubiquitinated substrates have been identified. Current methods for studying lysine-based polyubiquitination are not suitable for the detection of linear polyubiquitin-modified proteins. Here, we present an approach to discovering linear polyubiquitin-modified substrates by combining a lysine-less internally tagged ubiquitin (INT-Ub...
May 2017: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258062/the-linear-ubiquitin-chain-assembly-complex-regulates-trail-induced-gene-activation-and-cell%C3%A2-death
#17
Elodie Lafont, Chahrazade Kantari-Mimoun, Peter Draber, Diego De Miguel, Torsten Hartwig, Matthias Reichert, Sebastian Kupka, Yutaka Shimizu, Lucia Taraborrelli, Maureen Spit, Martin R Sprick, Henning Walczak
The linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) is the only known E3 ubiquitin ligase which catalyses the generation of linear ubiquitin linkages de novo LUBAC is a crucial component of various immune receptor signalling pathways. Here, we show that LUBAC forms part of the TRAIL-R-associated complex I as well as of the cytoplasmic TRAIL-induced complex II In both of these complexes, HOIP limits caspase-8 activity and, consequently, apoptosis whilst being itself cleaved in a caspase-8-dependent manner. Yet, by limiting the formation of a RIPK1/RIPK3/MLKL-containing complex, LUBAC also restricts TRAIL-induced necroptosis...
May 2, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230260/elevation-of-sharpin-protein-levels-in-prostate-adenocarcinomas-promotes-metastasis-and-impairs-patient-survivals
#18
Hai Huang, Tao Du, Yiming Zhang, Yiming Lai, Kaiwen Li, Xinxing Fan, Dingjun Zhu, Tianxin Lin, Kewei Xu, Jian Huang, Leyuan Liu, Zhenghui Guo
BACKGROUND: SHARPIN, SHANK-associated RH domain interacting protein, associates with a linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) to regulate inflammation and immunity. It has been reported that SHARPIN is highly expressed in several human tumors including ovarian cancer and liver cancer. We found that SHARPIN is also highly expressed in prostate cancer cell lines of DU145, LNCAP, and PC-3. Suppression of SHARPIN caused an inhibition of NF-κB signal and decreases in tumorigenesis of cultured cells in NOD/SCID mouse model...
May 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165393/reduced-sharpin-and-lubac-formation-may-contribute-to-ccl%C3%A2-or-acetaminophen-induced-liver-cirrhosis-in-mice
#19
Takeshi Yamamotoya, Yusuke Nakatsu, Yasuka Matsunaga, Toshiaki Fukushima, Hiroki Yamazaki, Sunao Kaneko, Midori Fujishiro, Takako Kikuchi, Akifumi Kushiyama, Fuminori Tokunaga, Tomoichiro Asano, Hideyuki Sakoda
Linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC), composed of SHARPIN (SHANK-associated RH domain-interacting protein), HOIL-1L (longer isoform of heme-oxidized iron-regulatory protein 2 ubiquitin ligase-1), and HOIP (HOIL-1L interacting protein), forms linear ubiquitin on nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) essential modulator (NEMO) and induces NF-κB pathway activation. SHARPIN expression and LUBAC formation were significantly reduced in the livers of mice 24 h after the injection of either carbon tetrachloride (CCl₄) or acetaminophen (APAP), both of which produced the fulminant hepatitis phenotype...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120397/the-linear-ubiquitin-chain-assembly-complex-acts-as-a-liver-tumor-suppressor-and-inhibits-hepatocyte-apoptosis-and-hepatitis
#20
Yutaka Shimizu, Nieves Peltzer, Alexandra Sevko, Elodie Lafont, Aida Sarr, Helena Draberova, Henning Walczak
Linear ubiquitination is a key posttranslational modification that regulates immune signaling and cell death pathways, notably tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) signaling. The only known enzyme complex capable of forming linear ubiquitin chains under native conditions to date is the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex, of which the catalytic core component is heme-oxidized iron regulatory protein 2 ubiquitin ligase-1-interacting protein (HOIP). To understand the underlying mechanisms of maintenance of liver homeostasis and the role of linear ubiquitination specifically in liver parenchymal cells, we investigated the physiological role of HOIP in the liver parenchyma...
June 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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