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British Journal of Pharmacology

Wen-Bin Ou, Minmin Lu, Grant Eilers, Hailong Li, Jiongyan Ding, Xuli Meng, Yuehong Wu, Quan He, Qing Sheng, Hai-Meng Zhou, Jonathan A Fletcher
BACKGROUND: Improved mesothelioma patient survival will require development of novel and more effective pharmacological interventions. TP53 genomic mutations are uncommon in mesothelioma, and recent data indicate that p53 remains functional, and therefore is a potential therapeutic target in these cancers. In addition, the tumour suppressor NF2 is inactivated by genomic mechanisms in more than 80% of mesothelioma, causing upregulation of FAK activity. Because FAK is a negative regulator of p53, NF2 regulation of FAK-p53-MDM2 signalling loops were evaluated...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
R J Summers
This themed issue of the British Journal of Pharmacology stems from the eighth in the series of meetings on the Molecular Pharmacology of G protein coupled receptors (MPGPCR) held as part of a joint meeting with the Australasian Society of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacologists and Toxicologists (ASCEPT) in Melbourne Australia from 7 to 11 December 2014. Linked Articles This article is part of a themed section on Molecular Pharmacology of G Protein-Coupled Receptors. To view the other articles in this section visit http://onlinelibrary...
October 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Sachin Satpute, Manthan Mehta, Sandeep Bhete, Dnyneshwar Kurle
BACKGROUND: The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement is a device to standardize reporting and improve the quality of controlled trials. However, little attention is paid to the statistical components in the CONSORT checklist. The present study evaluates the randomized controlled trials [RCTs] published in five high impact pharmacology journals with respect to its statistical methods. METHODS: Randomized Controlled Trials [RCTs] published in the years 2013 & 2014 in five pharmacology journals with high impact factor, The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (JCP), British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (BJCP), European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (EJCP), Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics (JPP) and Indian Journal of Pharmacology (IJP) were assessed for adherence to the statistical components of CONSORT statement...
July 2016: Perspectives in Clinical Research
Francis W Hunter, Bradly G Wouters, William R Wilson
Tumour hypoxia has been pursued as a cancer drug target for over 30 years, most notably using bioreductive (hypoxia-activated) prodrugs that target antineoplastic agents to low-oxygen tumour compartments. Despite compelling evidence linking hypoxia with treatment resistance and adverse prognosis, a number of such prodrugs have recently failed to demonstrate efficacy in pivotal clinical trials; an outcome that demands reflection on the discovery and development of these compounds. In this review, we discuss a clear disconnect between the pathobiology of tumour hypoxia, the pharmacology of hypoxia-activated prodrugs and the manner in which they have been taken into clinical development...
May 10, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
A G Stewart, P M Beart
The continued focus of attention on the diversity of mechanisms underpinning inflammation has improved our understanding of the potential to target specific pathways in the inflammatory network to achieve meaningful therapeutic gains. In this themed issue of the British Journal of Pharmacology our scope was deliberately broad, ranging across both acute and chronic disease in various organs. Pro- and anti-inflammatory mechanisms receive attention as does the phenotype of macrophages. Whilst the manifestations of neuro-inflammation are less obvious than those in peripheral tissues, central innate and adaptive immunity in brain and the M1/M2 phenotypes of microglia are topics of special interest...
February 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Leonard W Seymour, Kerry D Fisher
Oncolytic viruses can be found at the confluence of virology, genetic engineering and pharmacology where versatile platforms for molecularly targeted anticancer agents can be designed and optimised. Oncolytic viruses offer several important advantages over traditional approaches, including the following. (1) Amplification of the active agent (infectious virus particles) within the tumour. This avoids unnecessary exposure to normal tissues experienced during delivery of traditional stoichiometric chemotherapy and maximises the therapeutic index...
February 16, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Christopher Southan, Joanna L Sharman, Helen E Benson, Elena Faccenda, Adam J Pawson, Stephen P H Alexander, O Peter Buneman, Anthony P Davenport, John C McGrath, John A Peters, Michael Spedding, William A Catterall, Doriano Fabbro, Jamie A Davies
The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY (GtoPdb, provides expert-curated molecular interactions between successful and potential drugs and their targets in the human genome. Developed by the International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (IUPHAR) and the British Pharmacological Society (BPS), this resource, and its earlier incarnation as IUPHAR-DB, is described in our 2014 publication. This update incorporates changes over the intervening seven database releases. The unique model of content capture is based on established and new target class subcommittees collaborating with in-house curators...
January 4, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Victor U Ekpu, Abraham K Brown
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is the cause of many preventable diseases and premature deaths in the UK and around the world. It poses enormous health- and non-health-related costs to the affected individuals, employers, and the society at large. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that, globally, smoking causes over US$500 billion in economic damage each year. OBJECTIVES: This paper examines global and UK evidence on the economic impact of smoking prevalence and evaluates the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of smoking cessation measures...
2015: Tobacco Use Insights
Peter Holzer, Angelo A Izzo
This themed issue of the British Journal of Pharmacology contains review and research articles on recent advances in transient receptor potential (TRP) channel pharmacology. The review articles, written by a panel of distinguished experts, address the rapid progress in TRP channel research in fields as diverse as oncology, urology, dermatology, migraine, inflammation and pain. These reviews are complemented by original research reports focusing, among others, on the emerging roles of TRPV1 in osteoporosis and cystitis and on evodiamine as a lead structure for the development of potent TRPV1 agonists/desensitizers...
May 2014: British Journal of Pharmacology
S M Davidson, G D Lopaschuk, M Spedding, P M Beart
While the mitochondrion has long fascinated biologists and the sheer diversity of druggable targets has made it attractive for potential drug development, there has been little success translatable to the clinic. Given the diversity of inborn errors of metabolism and mitochondrial diseases, mitochondrially mediated oxidative stress (myopathies, reperfusion injury, Parkinson's disease, ageing) and the consequences of disturbed energetics (circulatory shock, diabetes, cancer), the potential for meaningful gain with novel drugs targeting mitochondrial mechanisms is huge both in terms of patient quality of life and health care costs...
April 2014: British Journal of Pharmacology
R J Summers
This themed issue of the British Journal of Pharmacology stems from the 7th in the series of meetings on the Molecular Pharmacology of G Protein-Coupled Receptors (MPGPCR) held at the Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Melbourne Australia from the 6th-8th December 2012.
March 2014: British Journal of Pharmacology
E Vardy, T Kenakin
In this issue of the British Journal of Pharmacology, a new article by Kozuska et al. discusses the multiple salt bridges in the intracellular domain of the 5HT3A receptor. These interactions increase the overall rigidity of the receptor, stabilize its low conducting state and affect the ligand cooperativity. The authors suggest that the allosteric effects of these regions on the receptor may be involved in a possible 'reverse' allosteric modulation of 5HT3 receptors.
April 2014: British Journal of Pharmacology
Jane Brooks
AIMS: This article explores the care British nurses provided to victims of typhus during the Second World War. BACKGROUND: Typhus is associated with poverty and overcrowding. During wars in the pre-antibiotic era, civilians were particularly susceptible to epidemics, which military governments feared would spread to their troops. DESIGN: This discussion paper draws on archival data from three typhus epidemics in the Second World War to examine the expert work of British nurses in caring for victims during these potential public health disasters...
July 2014: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Julie Keeble
UNLABELLED: A meeting of the British Pharmacological Society in association with the European Neuropeptide Club and Americal Summer Neuropeptide Conference in June 2012 led to this themed issue on neuropetides. A wide range of neuropeptides are discussed, in various physiological and pathophysiological conditions, with respect to their upstream and downstream pathways. It is clear, at this point in time, that targeting neuropeptides has therapeutic potential in pathologies ranging from migraine to obesity...
December 2013: British Journal of Pharmacology
Mathew Zacharias, Mohan Mugawar, G Peter Herbison, Robert J Walker, Karen Hovhannisyan, Pal Sivalingam, Niamh P Conlon
BACKGROUND: Various methods have been used to try to protect kidney function in patients undergoing surgery. These most often include pharmacological interventions such as dopamine and its analogues, diuretics, calcium channel blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), sodium bicarbonate, antioxidants and erythropoietin (EPO). OBJECTIVES: This review is aimed at determining the effectiveness of various measures advocated to protect patients' kidneys during the perioperative period...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
C S Leonard, J P Kukkonen
Multiple homeostatic systems are regulated by orexin (hypocretin) peptides and their two known GPCRs. Activation of orexin receptors promotes waking and is essential for expression of normal sleep and waking behaviour, with the sleep disorder narcolepsy resulting from the absence of orexin signalling. Orexin receptors also influence systems regulating appetite/metabolism, stress and reward, and are found in several peripheral tissues. Nevertheless, much remains unknown about the signalling pathways and targets engaged by native receptors...
January 2014: British Journal of Pharmacology
Alasdair Rooney, Robin Grant
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 3, 2010.Patients with a primary brain tumour often experience depression, for which drug treatment may be prescribed. However, these patients are also at high risk of epileptic seizures, cognitive impairment and fatigue, all of which are potential side effects of antidepressants. The benefit, or harm, of pharmacological treatment of depression in brain tumour patients is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of pharmacological treatment of depression in patients with a primary brain tumour...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Nicola McCleary, Eilidh M Duncan, Fiona Stewart, Jill J Francis
Key components of healthcare interventions include 'active ingredients' (intervention components that can be specifically linked to effects on outcomes such that, were they omitted, the intervention would be ineffective). These should be reported in titles and abstracts of published reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). However, reporting of non-pharmacologic interventions (NPIs), particularly behaviour change interventions (BCIs), is difficult, owing to their complexity. This illustrative review compares how pharmacologic interventions (PIs), NPIs and BCIs are specified in titles and abstracts to clarify how reporting of NPIs and BCIs can be improved...
2013: Trials
Evangelia S Papavasiliou, Sarah G Brearley, Jane E Seymour, Jayne Brown, Sheila A Payne
CONTEXT: Numerous attempts have been made to describe and define sedation in end-of-life care over time. However, confusion and inconsistency in the use of terms and definitions persevere in the literature, making interpretation, comparison, and extrapolation of many studies and case analyses problematic. OBJECTIVES: This evidence review aims to address and account for the conceptual debate over the terminology and definitions ascribed to sedation at the end of life over time...
November 2013: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Eric Solary
UNLABELLED: Tubulin-binding agents are potent cytotoxic drugs that are largely used to treat haematological malignancies and solid tumours. In this issue of British Journal of Pharmacology, doxorubicin was shown to decrease the activity of vincristine when administered simultaneously, unless cell cycle arrest mechanisms were disrupted. This observation emphasizes the need to better explore schedule-dependent antagonist effects in anticancer drug combination therapies. LINKED ARTICLE: This article is a commentary on the research paper by Ehrhardt et al...
April 2013: British Journal of Pharmacology
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