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Trauma dissociation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353179/features-of-borderline-personality-disorder-as-a-mediator-of-the-relation-between-childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-psychosis-like-experiences-in-patients-with-mood-disorder
#1
Ilya Baryshnikov, Kari Aaltonen, Jaana Suvisaari, Maaria Koivisto, Martti Heikkinen, Grigori Joffe, Erkki Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Psychosis-like experiences (PEs) are common in patients with non-psychotic disorders. Several factors predict reporting of PEs in mood disorders, including mood-associated cognitive biases, anxiety and features of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Childhood traumatic experiences (CEs), often reported by patients with BPD, are an important risk factor for mental disorders. We hypothesized that features of BPD may mediate the relationship between CEs and PEs. In this study, we investigated the relationships between self-reported PEs, CEs and features of BPD in patients with mood disorders...
January 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351709/-validation-of-the-screening-for-complex-ptsd-skptbs-revision
#2
Florence Dorr, Martin Sack, Jürgen Bengel
BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop further a screening instrument for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (cPTSD). The screening for cPTSD (SkPTBS) tests a) potential traumatic experiences, b) influential features and risk factors, and c) symptoms of cPTSD. The SkPTBS by Dorr et al. (2016) was revised according to the current ICD-11 criteria set proposal for cPTSD and is explored in its revised edition. METHOD: Impacts of long-lasting interpersonal trauma were tested in inpatients of psychosomatic rehabilitation and in patients consulting a university outpatient center for trauma therapy...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346239/factors-associated-with-development-of-dissociated-optic-nerve-fiber-layer-appearance-in-the-pioneer-intraoperative-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#3
Anne P Runkle, Sunil K Srivastava, Alex Yuan, Peter K Kaiser, Rishi P Singh, Jamie L Reese, Justis P Ehlers
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship of dissociated optic nerve fiber layer (DONFL) and intraoperative membrane-peeling dynamics as visualized using intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT), and to evaluate the functional implications of DONFL. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of eyes undergoing membrane peeling for vitreomacular interface disorders in the prospective PIONEER intraoperative OCT study. Retinal layer measurements in preincision and postpeel intraoperative OCT images were obtained...
January 16, 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295685/book-review-treating-trauma-related-dissociation-a-practical-integrative-approach-steele-k-boon-s-van-der-hart-o-2016-treating-trauma-related-dissociation-a-practical-integrative-approach-new-york-ny-w-w-norton-46-28-isbn-978-0393707595
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295027/intimate-partner-violence-among-patients-with-dissociative-disorders
#5
Aliya R Webermann, Bethany L Brand, Shaina A Kumar
Childhood trauma is common among survivors and perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). Although symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and dissociative disorders (DDs) are predictors of IPV victimization and perpetration, few studies explore IPV among those with DDs. The present study examined IPV and symptoms as predictors among participants in the Treatment of Patients With Dissociative Disorders (TOP DD) Network study, an educational intervention for individuals with DDs and their clinicians...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294860/the-importance-of-religious-ritual-abuse-as-a-traumatic-predictor-of-dissociation
#6
Habib Niyaraq Nobakht, Karl Yngvar Dale
This study aimed to ascertain the prevalence of different types of Religious/Ritual Abuse (RA) among Iranian young adults and to investigate the relationships between RA, childhood and recent trauma, and different patterns of dissociativity. A total of 100 male and 100 female university students completed and returned a 51-item questionnaire designed to detect the extent of dissociation, childhood and recent trauma history, and RA; 12.5% of participants reported history of RA. Pearson correlation analysis showed that RA strongly correlated with dissociativity...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294663/gender-differences-in-the-prediction-of-acute-stress-disorder-from-peritraumatic-dissociation-and-distress-among-victims-of-violent-crimes
#7
Julie Boisclair Demarble, Christophe Fortin, Bianca D'Antono, Stéphane Guay
Peritraumatic dissociation and distress are strong predictors of acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) development. However, there is limited data concerning gender differences in these relations, particularly among victims of violent crimes (VVC). The objective of this study is to examine whether peritraumatic dissociation and distress predict the number of ASD symptoms differently for men and women VVC. In all, 162 adults (97 women, M age = 39.6 years), 63% of whom experienced physical assaults, completed the Acute Stress Disorder Interview, the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experience Questionnaire, and the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285732/emerging-approaches-to-neurocircuits-in-ptsd-and-tbi-imaging-the-interplay-of-neural-and-emotional-trauma
#8
Andrea D Spadoni, Mingxiong Huang, Alan N Simmons
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) commonly co-occur in general and military populations and have a number of overlapping symptoms. While research suggests that TBI is risk factor for PTSD and that PTSD may mediate TBI-related outcomes, the mechanisms of these relationships are not well understood. Neuroimaging may help elucidate patterns of neurocircuitry both specific and common to PTSD and TBI and thus help define the nature of their interaction, refine diagnostic classification, and may potentially yield opportunities for targeted treatments...
December 29, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276971/child-abuse-and-neglect-in-institutional-settings-cumulative-lifetime-traumatization-and-psychopathological-long-term-correlates-in-adult-survivors-the-vienna-institutional-abuse-study
#9
Brigitte Lueger-Schuster, Matthias Knefel, Tobias M Glück, Reinhold Jagsch, Viktoria Kantor, Dina Weindl
Child maltreatment (CM) in foster care settings (i.e., institutional abuse, IA) is known to have negative effects on adult survivor's mental health. This study examines and compares the extent of CM (physical, emotional, and sexual abuse; physical and emotional neglect) and lifetime traumatization with regard to current adult mental health in a group of survivors of IA and a comparison group from the community. Participants in the foster care group (n = 220) were adult survivors of IA in Viennese foster care institutions, the comparison group (n = 234) consisted of persons from the Viennese population...
December 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258561/a-pilot-investigation-on-dna-methylation-modifications-associated-with-complex-posttraumatic-symptoms-in-elderly-traumatized-in-childhood
#10
Zoya Marinova, Andreas Maercker, Edna Grünblatt, Tomasz K Wojdacz, Susanne Walitza
OBJECTIVE: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) is a newly proposed diagnosis in the International Classification of Diseases-version 11, which is currently intensively investigated. Childhood trauma is regarded as main source of CPTSD symptoms, even in later life. Induction of DNA methylation changes by childhood trauma may contribute to its long-lasting adverse health consequences. The current study analyzed the correlation of genome-wide DNA methylation profiles with complex posttraumatic sequelae in buccal epithelial cells from 31 elderly former indentured child laborers (Verdingkinder) using the Infinium Illumina 450k Human DNA methylation chip...
December 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236543/rorschach-assessment-of-two-distinctive-personality-states-of-a-person-with-dissociative-identity-disorder
#11
Ellen Hartmann, Kirsten Benum
This case study used test data from a patient with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID; American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ) to illustrate how two main personality states of the patient ("Ann" and "Ben") seemed to function. The Rorschach Performance Assessment System (R-PAS; Meyer, Viglione, Mihura, Erard, & Erdberg, 2011 ) and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Circumplex (IIP-64; Horowitz, Alden, Wiggins, & Pincus, 2000 ), administered to Ann and Ben in separate settings, exposed two diverse R-PAS and IIP-64 profiles...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216558/maternal-support-following-childhood-sexual-abuse-relationships-to-child-reported
#12
Rachel Wamser-Nanney
Maternal support has been conceptualized as a key factor in predicting children's functioning following sexual abuse; however, empirical evidence for this assumption is rather limited. Prior studies may have failed to find a relationship between maternal support and children's outcomes due to the methodological weaknesses of the prior literature such as the use of maternal support measures without adequately reported psychometric properties. Moreover, relatively few studies have investigated whether maternal support corresponds with children's own self-reported symptoms...
December 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209466/peritraumatic-dissociation-predicts-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-via-dysfunctional-trauma-related-memory-among-war-affected-children
#13
Kirsi Peltonen, Samuli Kangaslampi, Jenni Saranpää, Samir Qouta, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Background: Among adults there is strong evidence about peritraumatic dissociation (PD) predicting posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet evidence among children is very limited. It has been suggested that disturbances in memory functioning might explain the association between PD and PTSD, but this has not yet been empirically tested. Objective: We aimed to test the hypotheses that greater PD would be associated with more posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and that some of this association would be mediated by disorganized and non-verbal memories about the traumatic event...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197206/characteristics-and-development-of-nonsuicidal-super-self-injury-among-borderline-inpatients
#14
Katalin Merza, Gábor Papp, Judit Molnár, Ildikó Kuritárné Szabó
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a key feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD), which is strongly associated with childhood traumatization. To the best of our knowledge, there has been a lack of studies investigating extensively the characteristics of borderline patients who engage in extremely high numbers of NSSI, and their features of NSSI, trauma history and psychopathology. The aim of this study is to identify groups of borderline inpatients on the basis of the lifetime number of NSSI, and to explore the characteristics of these groups regarding the onset, reasons and methods of NSSI, history of childhood traumatization, and severity of psychopathology...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194763/posttraumatic-stress-somatization-and-quality-of-life-among-ivorian-refugees
#15
Kossi B Kounou, Fabrice Brodard, Afèignindou Gnassingbe, Ayoko A Dogbe Foli, Julia C Sager, Laurent Schmitt, Eric Bui
The present study examined the relationship between peritraumatic reactions, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, somatization, and quality of life (QoL) in a sample of refugees, two years after the 2011 Ivory Coast sociopolitical crisis. Participants were 101 Ivorian adult refugees (mean age = 31.61 years, SD = 7.84; 45.5% women) who completed several questionnaires relating to peritraumatic reactions, PTSD symptoms, somatization, and QoL. Most participants (86.1%) scored above the cutoff for probable PTSD...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193613/integrating-trauma-informed-care-into-maternity-care-practice-conceptual-and-practical-issues
#16
REVIEW
Mickey Sperlich, Julia S Seng, Yang Li, Julie Taylor, Caroline Bradbury-Jones
Adverse childhood experiences have a strong negative impact on health and are a significant public health concern. Adverse childhood experiences, including various forms of child maltreatment, together with their mental health sequelae (eg, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, dissociation) also contribute to adverse pregnancy outcomes (eg, preterm birth, low birth weight), poor postpartum mental health, and impaired or delayed bonding. Intergenerational patterns of maltreatment and mental health disorders have been reported that could be addressed in the childbearing year...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183659/are-there-gender-differences-in-those-diagnosed-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures
#17
Lorna Myers, Robert Trobliger, Kirsty Bortnik, Marcelo Lancman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether male and female populations of patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) differ, in terms of demographic, social/clinical, and etiological factors as well as psychological measures. BACKGROUND: Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures are overrepresented by females; therefore, information about PNES in males is limited. Only a handful of studies have examined PNES and gender, and of those, one was a literature review and with the exception of two, most have had small sample sizes...
November 25, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179046/enhanced-accessibility-of-ignored-neutral-and-negative-items-in-nonclinical-dissociative-individuals
#18
Chui-De Chiu
While clinical studies showed paradoxical memory phenomena, including the intrusion and amnesia of stressful experiences that are features of dissociation, the results of laboratory studies on dissociative individuals' forgetting of experimental stimuli through cognitive control varied. Some studies demonstrated ineffective inhibition, and others found that dissociative individuals could remember fewer trauma words in a divided-attention context. Dissociative individuals may utilize superior cognitive disengagement to forget the representations...
November 24, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178535/peritraumatic-assessment-of-autobiographical-memory-after-exposure-to-a-traumatic-event
#19
Sophie Billoux, Virginie Voltzenlogel, Norbert Telmon, Philippe Birmes, Christophe Arbus
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is commonly acknowledged to be associated with reduced specificity of autobiographical memory (AM). However, very few studies have assessed AM in the peritraumatic phase. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the AM impairment reported in PTSD is present a few days after a traumatic event. We assessed AM in 41 participants who had recently been exposed to trauma, and 34 controls who had never experienced a traumatic situation. The trauma-exposed participants also completed the Impact of Event Scale-R (IES-R), the Inventory of Peritraumatic Distress, and the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175262/gestational-and-postnatal-cortisol-profiles-of-women-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-the-dissociative-subtype
#20
Julia S Seng, Yang Li, James J Yang, Anthony P King, Lisa M Kane Low, Mickey Sperlich, Heather Rowe, Hyunhwa Lee, Maria Muzik, Julian D Ford, Israel Liberzon
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have greater salivary cortisol levels across the diurnal curve and throughout gestation, birth, and the postpartum period than women who do not have PTSD. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, biobehavioral cohort study. SETTING: Prenatal clinics at academic health centers in the Midwest region of the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Women expecting their first infants who fit with one of four cohorts: a nonexposed control group, a trauma-exposed control group, a group with PTSD, and a group with the dissociative subtype of PTSD...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
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