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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789918/recent-experience-and-follow-up-after-surgical-closure-of-secundum-atrial-septal-defect-in-120-children
#1
Geoffroy de Beco, Natasha Mambour, Christophe Vô, Laetitia Vanhoutte, Stéphane Moniotte, Alain Poncelet, Thierry Sluysmans
While percutaneous catheter closure proves an effective treatment for secundum atrial septal defect (ASD2), some child patients require surgical closure. We assessed the risks associated with isolated surgical ASD2 closure by reviewing the outcomes of 120 children operated on between 1999 and 2011 (mean age 4.6 ± 3.9 years, mean weight 17 ± 12 kg). Direct sutures were performed in 4% and patch closures in 96%. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass duration was 38 ± 14 min, aortic cross-clamp time 19 ± 9 min, intensive care unit length of stay 1...
May 22, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745099/incidence-and-risk-assessment-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-cancer-patients-admitted-to-intensive-care-unit-for-postoperative-care
#2
Jia-Xuan Xu, Jun Dong, Hong Ren, Xiao-Jie Chen, Yong Yang, Ren-Xiong Chen, Guo-Dong Wang, Hong-Zhi Wang
PURPOSE: Cancer patients undergoing surgery are at high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The occurrence of VTE in Chinese cancer patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) for postoperative care is poorly characterized. This study was designed to investigate the incidence of VTE in this population and to evaluate the utility of the Caprini score in risk stratification. METHODS: 2127 consecutive adult patients admitted to a 10-bed surgical ICU (SICU) in a tertiary care academic hospital during a 4-year period (January 1, 2013 - December 31, 2016) were enrolled...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730148/mri-derived-regional-biventricular-function-in-patients-with-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-before-and-after-pulmonary-endarterectomy
#3
Sabine K Maschke, Christian O Schoenfeld, Till F Kaireit, Serghei Cebotari, Karen Olsson, Marius Hoeper, Frank Wacker, Jens Vogel-Claussen
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess regional myocardial function in patients with chronic thromboembolic hypertension (CTEPH) before and after successful pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) using magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with CTEPH underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging before and 12 (11, 17) days after PEA. Mean pulmonary artery pressure was evaluated preoperatively by right heart catheterization and during post-PEA intensive care unit-stay using a Swan-Ganz catheter...
May 2, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718002/vertebral-artery-dissection-masquerading-as-concussion-in-an-adolescent
#4
Gogi Kumar, Bryan Ludwig, Vipul V Patel
OBJECTIVE: Educate providers about the clinical presentation and consequences of delaying diagnosis of traumatic vertebral artery dissection with thromboembolic ischemic strokes in the pediatric population. Vertebral artery dissection is often difficult to diagnose and can be a potentially devastating cause of ischemic stroke. METHODS: Review of the chart, peer review/discussion, and imaging interpretation. RESULTS: A 16-year-old boy was admitted with confusion after a head and neck trauma was sustained while wrestling...
May 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713575/an-evaluation-of-complications-in-femoral-arterial-sheaths-maintained-post-neuroangiographic-procedures
#5
Zalan Khan, Premkumar Nattanamai, Premkumar Keerthivaas, Christopher R Newey
BACKGROUND: Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is a frequently used technique in the neuro-diagnosis and treatment of cerebrovascular diseases. The routine use of femoral arterial sheaths (FAS) peri-procedurally has become standard. The maintenance of a FAS post-procedure may be warranted while awaiting the normalization of coagulopathy or to reaccess emergently. We retrospectively reviewed our stroke dataset to evaluate for complications associated with the prolonged use of FAS post-procedure...
February 26, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703467/morbidity-mortality-and-costs-associated-with-venous-thromboembolism-in-hospitalized-patients-with-cancer
#6
Gary H Lyman, Eva Culakova, Marek S Poniewierski, Nicole M Kuderer
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) represents a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with cancer. METHODS: Hospitalization data reported on adult cancer patients at US medical centers between 1995 and 2012 were analyzed. Cancer diagnosis, presence of VTE, comorbidities, and infectious complications were based on ICD-9-CM codes. RESULTS: Nearly six million hospitalizations of 3,146,388 individual patients with cancer were reported with VTE observed in 8...
April 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661275/preinjury-statin-use-and-thromboembolic-events-in-trauma-a-10-year-retrospective-evaluation
#7
Ryan A McMahon, John L Fletcher, James K Aden, Seth R Holland, Scott T Trexler, Lorne H Blackbourne
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is well known to increase the risk of venous thromboembolic events (VTEs), occurring in up to 58% of trauma patients. Statin medications have significant anti-inflammatory properties and have been shown to reduce the risk of VTE. We hypothesized that trauma patients who received statin medication before injury would have a lower incidence of VTE after injury. METHODS: A 10-y retrospective review identified all patients admitted to our trauma service with an injury severity score >9 and an intensive care unit stay of >3 d...
June 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620660/nurses-objective-knowledge-regarding-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-a-national-survey-study
#8
Yu-Fen Ma, Yuan Xu, Ya-Ping Chen, Xiao-Jie Wang, Hai-Bo Deng, Yu He, Xin-Juan Wu
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common vascular disorder with high mortality and morbidity. Clinical nurses are a pivotal group that can serve as first-line health care providers. Lack of knowledge about VTE is an important barrier to effective nursing performance. This study aimed to determine nurses' knowledge of VTE prophylaxis through a nationwide survey across China, to understand gaps between current knowledge, and guidelines, and to help improve clinical nursing.The survey included 5 topics with 68 items on VTE, including basic knowledge, risk assessment, basic prophylaxis, physical prophylaxis, and pharmacological prophylaxis...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619338/three-versus-four-factor-prothrombin-complex-concentrate-for-the-reversal-of-warfarin-induced-bleeding
#9
Tara Holt, Scott Taylor, Prasad Abraham, Wesley Mcmillian, Serena Harris, James Curtis, Tai Elder
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 3-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (3F-PCC) compared to 4-factor PCC (4F-PCC) in warfarin-associated bleeding. Methods: This multicenter, retrospective, cohort study analyzed data from patients admitted between May 2011 and October 2014 who received PCC for warfarin-associated bleeding. The primary outcome was the rate of international normalized ratio (INR) normalization, defined as an INR ≤1...
January 2018: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605581/hematological-complications-in-children-subjected-to-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#10
M J Santiago, C Gómez, I Magaña, V Muñoz, P Saiz, A Sánchez, J López-Herce
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the hematological complications and need for transfusions in children receiving extracorporeal life support (ECLS). DESIGN: A retrospective study was carried out. SETTING: A pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Children under 18 years of age treated with ECLS between September 2006 and November 2015. INTERVENTIONS: None. VARIABLES OF INTEREST: Patient and ECLS characteristics, anticoagulation, hematological and coagulation parameters, transfusions and clinical course...
March 29, 2018: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602588/-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-perioperative-period-guiding-the-decision-making-during-hemodynamic-instability-due-to-atrial-fibrillation
#11
João Paulo Jordão Pontes, Aline Tonin Dos Santos, Marcello Fonseca Salgado Filho
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, which may occur during the perioperative period and lead to hemodynamic instability due to loss of atrial systolic function. During atrial fibrillation management, electrical cardioversion is one of the therapeutic options in the presence of hemodynamic instability; however, it exposes the patient to thromboembolic event risks. Transesophageal echocardiography is a diagnostic tool for thrombi in the left atrium and left atrial appendage with high sensitivity and specificity, allowing early and safe cardioversion...
March 27, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579573/cardiovascular-ultrasonography-detection-of-embolic-sources-in-trauma
#12
Theodosios Saranteas, Andreas F Mavrogenis, John Poularas, Andreas Kostroglou, Christina Mandila, Fotios Panou
Venous thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism) and bone cement implantation syndrome are major sources of embolic events in trauma patients. In these patients, embolic events due to venous thromboembolism and bone cement implantation syndrome have been detected with cardiac and vascular ultrasonography in the emergency setting, during the perioperative period, and in the intensive care unit. This article discusses the ultrasonography modalities and imaging findings of embolic events related to venous thromboembolism and bone cement implantation syndrome...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571640/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-between-general-anesthesiologists-and-cardiac-anesthesiologists-in-the-management-of-left-ventricular-assist-device-patients-in-noncardiac-surgeries-and-procedures
#13
Tod A Brown, Jocelyn Kerpelman, Bethany J Wolf, Julie R McSwain
OBJECTIVE: To describe the authors' experience and comparative results after introducing noncardiac fellowship-trained anesthesiologists to a service previously managed by fellowship-trained cardiac anesthesiologists caring for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) patients undergoing low-risk noncardiac procedures with anesthesia. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review. SETTING: Single-site academic medical center in the United States. INTERVENTIONS: Anesthesia and intraoperative therapy...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552792/incidence-and-risk-assessment-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-cancer-patients-admitted-to-intensive-care-unit-for-postoperative-care
#14
Jia-Xuan Xu, Jun Dong, Hong Ren, Xiao-Jie Chen, Yong Yang, Ren-Xiong Chen, Guo-Dong Wang, Hong-Zhi Wang
PURPOSE: The occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Chinese cancer patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) for postoperative care is poorly characterized. This study was designed to investigate the incidence of VTE in this polulation and to evaluate the utility of the Caprini score in risk stratification. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 2127 consecutive adult patients admitted to a 10-bed surgical ICU in a tertiary care academic hospital during a 4-year period (January 1,2013 to December 31,2016)...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518516/paraplegia-of-lower-limbs-caused-by-a-segmental-thrombosis-of-the-descending-thoracic-aorta-reversed-with-endovascular-treatment-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Dafne Braga Diamante Leiderman, Nelson Wolosker, Marcos Vieira de Melo Oliveira, Heitor Andrei Miranda de Carvalho, Felipe Trajano de Freitas Barão, Antonio Eduardo Zerati, Nelson De Luccia, Pedro Puech-Leão
BACKGROUND: Transient paraplegia of the lower limbs is a rare condition and, when has a vascular etiology, is usually associated with thromboembolic events, aortic dissection, aortic aneurysms, or as a complication of the surgical correction of those diseases. There is no case reported of acute paraplegia caused by a segmental thrombotic subocclusion of the descending thoracic aorta. CASE REPORT: We report a not yet described clinical situation of a young patient (51 years) admitted to the emergency care department for treatment of systemic arterial hypertension of difficult control with 4 antihypertensive medication classes...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503096/which-postoperative-complications-matter-most-after-bariatric-surgery-prioritizing-quality-improvement-efforts-to-improve-national-outcomes
#16
Christopher R Daigle, Stacy A Brethauer, Chao Tu, Anthony T Petrick, John M Morton, Philip R Schauer, Ali Aminian
BACKGROUND: National quality programs have been implemented to decrease the burden of adverse events on key outcomes in bariatric surgery. However, it is not well understood which complications have the most impact on patient health. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the impact of specific bariatric surgery complications on key clinical outcomes. SETTING: The Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) database...
January 12, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489489/mysurgeryrisk-development-and-validation-of-a-machine-learning-risk-algorithm-for-major-complications-and-death-after-surgery
#17
Azra Bihorac, Tezcan Ozrazgat-Baslanti, Ashkan Ebadi, Amir Motaei, Mohcine Madkour, Panagote M Pardalos, Gloria Lipori, William R Hogan, Philip A Efron, Frederick Moore, Lyle L Moldawer, Daisy Zhe Wang, Charles E Hobson, Parisa Rashidi, Xiaolin Li, Petar Momcilovic
MINI: In a single-center cohort of 51,457 adult surgical patients, we have developed and validated an automated machine-learning algorithm that uses existing clinical data in electronic health records to forecast the risk for major complications and death after any type of surgery with high sensitivity and high specificity. OBJECTIVE: To accurately calculate the risk for postoperative complications and death after surgery in the preoperative period using machine-learning modeling of clinical data...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480088/resource-utilization-and-charges-of-patients-with-and-without-diagnosed-venous-thromboembolism-during-primary-hospitalization-and-after-elective-inpatient-surgery-a-retrospective-study
#18
Aryana Sepassi, Francine Chingcuanco, Ronald Gordon, Angela Meier, Victoria Divino, Mitch DeKoven, Rami Ben-Joseph
AIMS: To assess incremental charges of patients experiencing venous thromboembolisms (VTE) across various types of elective inpatient surgical procedures with administration of general anesthesia in the US. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective study utilizing data from a nationwide hospital operational records database from July 2014 through June 2015 to compare a group of inpatients experiencing a VTE event post-operatively to a propensity score matched group of inpatients who did not experience a VTE...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431623/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-venous-thromboembolism-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-an-administrative-database-study
#19
Riten Kumar, Joseph Stanek, Susan Creary, Amy Dunn, Sarah H O'Brien
A hypercoagulable state resulting in increased venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been described in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD), but similar data for children are lacking. The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to describe the rate of VTE and risk factors associated with VTE in children with SCD across tertiary-care children's hospitals in the United States between the years 2009 and 2015. We used the Pediatric Health Information System database to investigate all pediatric patients with SCD admitted to 1 of 48 participating institutions between 1 January 2009 and 30 September 2015...
February 13, 2018: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398052/risk-factors-for-neonatal-venous-and-arterial-thromboembolism-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-case-control-study
#20
Rukhmi Bhat, Riten Kumar, Soyang Kwon, Karna Murthy, Robert I Liem
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors associated with venous and arterial thrombosis in sick neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study was conducted at 2 centers between January 2010 and March 2014 using the Children's Hospital Neonatal Database dataset. Cases were neonates diagnosed with either arterial or venous thrombosis during their neonatal intensive care unit stay; controls were matched in a 1:4 ratio by gestational age and presence or absence of central access devices...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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