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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924201/central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-the-intensive-care-unit-importance-of-the-care-bundle
#1
Aynur Atilla, Zahide Doğanay, Hale Kefeli Çelik, Leman Tomak, Özgür Günal, S Sırrı Kılıç
BACKGROUND: The importance and efficacy of a care bundle for preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) and infectious complications related to placing a central venous catheter (CVC) in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A care bundle was implemented from July 2013 to June 2014 in a medical ICU and surgical ICU. Data were divided into three periods: the prior period (July 2012-June 2013), the intervention period (July 2013-June 2014; first and second periods), and the post-intervention period (July 2014-December 2014; third period)...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920421/a-missing-guide-wire-after-placement-of-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheter
#2
Muhammad Kashif, Hafiz Hashmi, Preeti Jadhav, Misbahuddin Khaja
BACKGROUND Central venous catheterization is a common tool used in critically ill patients to monitor central venous pressure and administer fluids and medications such as vasopressors. Here we present a case of a missing guide wire after placement of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC), which was incidentally picked up by bedside ultrasound in the intensive care unit.  CASE REPORT A 50-year-old Hispanic male was admitted to the intensive care unit for alcohol intoxication. He was managed for septic shock and required placement of a peripherally inserted central line in his left upper extremity for antibiotics and vasopressor administration...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913268/haemodialysis-catheters-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#3
Laetitia Huriaux, Paul Costille, Hervé Quintard, Didier Journois, John A Kellum, Thomas Rimmelé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913267/a-comparison-between-intravascular-and-traditional-cooling-for-inducing-and-maintaining-temperature-control-in-patients-following-cardiac-arrest-traditional-or-modern-therapeutic-hypothermia-after-cardiac-arrest
#4
Jeremy Rosman, Maxime Hentzien, Moustapha Dramé, Vincent Roussel, Bernard Just, Damien Jolly, Philippe Mateu
: Therapeutic temperature control has been widely used during the last decade to improve clinical outcomes. We conducted this retrospective observational study to compare traditional cooling with endovascular cooling in post-cardiac arrest comatose survivors and to compare results with current guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients admitted to our ICU for cardiac arrest and for whom temperature control was performed were included. Traditional cooling included cold infusions, ice packs and cooling blankets...
November 29, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908954/chlorhexidine-impregnated-dressings-and-prevention-of-catheter-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#5
Duygu Sönmez Düzkaya, Nejla Canbulat Sahiner, Gülzade Uysal, Tülay Yakut, Agop Çitak
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections related to use of catheters are associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates, prolonged hospital lengths of stay, and increased medical costs. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of chlorhexidine-impregnated dressings with that of standard dressings in preventing catheter-related bloodstream infections. METHODS: A total of 100 children were randomly divided into 2 groups of 50 each: a chlorhexidine group and a standard group...
December 2016: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904815/pneumorrhachis-resulting-in-transient-paresis-after-picc-line-insertion-into-the-ascending-lumbar-vein
#6
Russell Payne, Emily P Sieg, Arabinda Choudhary, Mark Iantosca
Obtaining intravascular access in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is not only critical but also technically challenging. Malposition of the catheter tip is a known and well-documented complication. Specifically, peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC) line insertion into the ascending lumbar vein can lead to neurological dysfunction and, in some cases, even death. We present the first reported case of pneumorrhachis (PR) following PICC line insertion into the ascending lumbar vein. Our patient presented with lower extremity weakness and imaging confirmed the presence of air within the spinal canal...
October 17, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902412/the-staff-education-to-reducing-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#7
Gurdal Yilmaz, Hava Aydin, Mustafa Aydin, Sedat Saylan, Hulya Ulusoy, Iftihar Koksal
Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-saving invasive procedure performed in intensive care units (ICUs) where critical patients are given advanced support. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of personnel training on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The study, performed prospectively in the ICU, was planned in two periods. In both periods, patient's characteristics were recorded on patient data forms. In the second period, ICU physicians and assistant health personnel were given regular theoretical and practical training...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890335/device-associated-infections-in-a-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-in-pakistan
#8
A Haque, S A Ahmed, Z Rafique, Q Abbas, H Jurair, S A Ali
This study assessed the effect of implementation of active infection control and surveillance on the occurrence of device-associated infections (DAIs) in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) from 2012 to 2015. There were 1378 patients, equating to 4632 patient-days, on the PICU, and 29 DAI episodes, giving an incidence rate of 2.1% and an incidence density rate of 6.26 per 1000 patient-days. The rates of central-line-associated bloodstream infections, ventilator-associated pneumonia and catheter-related urinary tract infections were 7/1000 central-line-days, 1...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884157/manual-versus-automated-monitoring-accuracy-of-glucose-ii-manage-ii
#9
Cláudia Righy Shinotsuka, Alexandre Brasseur, David Fagnoul, Timothy So, Jean-Louis Vincent, Jean-Charles Preiser
BACKGROUND: Intravascular continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) may facilitate glycemic control in the intensive care unit (ICU). We compared the accuracy of a CGM device (OptiScanner®) with a standard reference method. METHODS: Adult patients who had blood glucose (BG) levels >150 mg/dl and required insertion of an arterial and central venous catheter were included. The OptiScanner® was inserted into a multiple-lumen central venous catheter. Patients were treated using a dynamic-scale insulin algorithm to achieve BG values between 80 and 150 mg/dl...
November 25, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881213/impact-and-limitations-of-the-2015-national-health-and-safety-network-case-definition-on-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-rates
#10
Ana Cecilia Bardossy, Rachna Jayaprakash, Anjali C Alangaden, Patricia Starr, Odaliz Abreu-Lanfranco, Katherine Reyes, Marcus J Zervos, George J Alangaden
Application of the new 2015 NHSN definition of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) in intensive care units reduced CAUTI rates by ~50%, primarily due to exclusion of candiduria. This significant reduction in CAUTI rates resulting from the changes in the definition must be considered when evaluating effectiveness of CAUTI prevention programs. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016;1-3.
November 24, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878445/can-non-invasive-ventilation-modify-central-venous-pressure-comparison-between-invasive-measurement-and-ultrasonographic-evaluation
#11
Maurizio Zanobetti, Alessio Prota, Alessandro Coppa, Laura Giordano, Sofia Bigiarini, Peiman Nazerian, Francesca Innocenti, Alberto Conti, Federica Trausi, Simone Vanni, Giuseppe Pepe, Riccardo Pini
Central venous pressure (CVP) is primarily measured to assess intravascular volume status and heart preload. In clinical practice, the measuring device most commonly used in emergency departments and intensive care units, is an electronic transducer that interconnects a central venous catheter (CVC) with a monitoring system. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) consists in a breathing support that supplies a positive pressure in airways through a mask or a cask though not using an endotracheal prosthesis. In emergency settings, non-invasive ultrasonography evaluation of CVP, and hence of intravascular volume status entail the measurement by a subxiphoid approach of inferior vena cava diameter and its variations in relation to respiratory activity...
November 22, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877098/accidental-epidural-injection-of-rocuronium-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Ting-Ting Wu, David S Hoff
Accidental administration of non-epidural drugs into the epidural or subarachnoid spaces may be associated with unexpected pain, morbidity, adverse effects, increased level of care, prolonged hospital stay, and mortality. We describe a 12-month-old admitted for secondary-stage hypospadias reconstruction. General anesthesia was induced with sevofiurane and a peripheral catheter was placed. Instead of ropivacaine, rocuronium (80 mg; 6.3 mg/kg) was injected into the epidural space by the caudal route. Surgery was uneventful and was completed 160 minutes after rocuronium was given...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876075/chlorhexidine-bathing-and-health-care-associated-infections-among-adult-intensive-care-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Steven A Frost, Mari-Cris Alogso, Lauren Metcalfe, Joan M Lynch, Leanne Hunt, Ritesh Sanghavi, Evan Alexandrou, Kenneth M Hillman
BACKGROUND: Health care-associated infections (HAI) have been shown to increase length of stay, the cost of care, and rates of hospital deaths (Kaye and Marchaim, J Am Geriatr Soc 62(2):306-11, 2014; Roberts and Scott, Med Care 48(11):1026-35, 2010; Warren and Quadir, Crit Care Med 34(8):2084-9, 2006; Zimlichman and Henderson, JAMA Intern Med 173(22):2039-46, 2013). Importantly, infections acquired during a hospital stay have been shown to be preventable (Loveday and Wilson, J Hosp Infect 86:S1-70, 2014)...
November 23, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871508/perineural-catheter-infection-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Davide Nicolotti, Enrico Iotti, Guido Fanelli, Christian Compagnone
Perineural catheter infection is a rare but potentially dramatic complication of continuous peripheral nerve block. Different risk factors have been identified and the incidence of infection is increased in trauma victims, intensive care unit patients, immunodeficient individuals, and diabetic patients. Also, postoperative hyperglycemia, the absence of antibiotic prophylaxis, and catheter lasting more than 48 hours seem to be associated with a greater risk of infection. Skin disinfection and a strict aseptic technique during catheter placement are fundamental...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869407/community-acquired-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-in-children-a-cohort-study-for-2010-2014
#15
Guadalupe Pérez, Soledad Martiren, Vanesa Reijtman, Romina Romero, Alejandra Mastroianni, Lidia Casimir, Rosa Bologna
INTRODUCTION: Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections are a common, serious problem in pediatrics. OBJETIVE: To describe antibiotic resistance in community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus (SA) bacteremias. To compare the characteristics of SA bacteremias in terms of methicillin resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective cohort enrolled between January 2010 and December 2014. Inclusion criteria: infants and children between 30 days old and 16 years old hospitalized at the Hospital de Pediatria J...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865217/-multidimensional-strategy-regarding-the-reduction-of-central-line-associated-infection-in-pediatric-intensive-care
#16
Jorge Rodrigues, Andrea Dias, Guiomar Oliveira, José Farela Neves
INTRODUCTION: To determine the central-line associated bloodstream infection rate after implementation of central venous catheter-care practice bundles and guidelines and to compare it with the previous central-line associated bloodstream infection rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal, observational descriptive study with an exploratory component was performed in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit during five months. The universe was composed of every child admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Unit who inserted a central venous catheter...
June 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852668/less-invasive-surfactant-administration-versus-intubation-for-surfactant-delivery-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Jose C Aldana-Aguirre, Merlin Pinto, Robin M Featherstone, Manoj Kumar
CONTEXT: In spontaneously breathing preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) receiving nasal continuous positive airway pressure, a method of less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) using a thin catheter has been described as an alternative to endotracheal intubation for surfactant delivery to reduce lung injury. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing LISA with the standard method of surfactant delivery for clinical outcomes...
November 15, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852525/optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-measurement-a-means-of-detecting-raised-intracranial-pressure-in-adult-traumatic-and-non-traumatic-neurosurgical-patients
#18
Mohd Raffiz, Jafri M Abdullah
INTRODUCTION: Bedside ultrasound measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is emerging as a non-invasive technique to evaluate and predict raised intracranial pressure (ICP). It has been shown in previous literature that ONSD measurement has good correlation with surrogate findings of raised ICP such as clinical and radiological findings suggestive of raised ICP. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to find a correlation between sonographic measurements of ONSD value with ICP value measured via the gold standard invasive intracranial ICP catheter, and to find the cut-off value of ONSD measurement in predicting raised ICP, along with its sensitivity and specificity value...
September 23, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852357/a-multifaceted-approach-to-reduction-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-in-the-intensive-care-unit-with-an-emphasis-on-stewardship-of-culturing
#19
Katherine M Mullin, Christopher S Kovacs, Cynthia Fatica, Colette Einloth, Elizabeth A Neuner, Jorge A Guzman, Eric Kaiser, Venu Menon, Leticia Castillo, Marc J Popovich, Edward M Manno, Steven M Gordon, Thomas G Fraser
BACKGROUND Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are among the most common hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). Reducing CAUTI rates has become a major focus of attention due to increasing public health concerns and reimbursement implications. OBJECTIVE To implement and describe a multifaceted intervention to decrease CAUTIs in our ICUs with an emphasis on indications for obtaining a urine culture. METHODS A project team composed of all critical care disciplines was assembled to address an institutional goal of decreasing CAUTIs...
November 17, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850899/1263-intervention-for-prevention-reducing-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-the-icu
#20
Elise Kumar, Paul Yodice, Fariborz Rezai, Kristin Fless, Nirav Mistry, Vagram Ovnanian, Kaitlin Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
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