keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

surgical infections

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160896/influence-of-fracture-stability-on-staphylococcus-epidermidis-and-staphylococcus-aureus-infection-in-a-murine-femoral-fracture-model
#1
M Sabaté Brescó, L O'Mahony, S Zeiter, K Kluge, M Ziegler, C Berset, D Nehrbass, R G Richards, T F Moriarty
Fracture-related infection (FRI) is a major complication in surgically fixed fractures. Instability of the fracture after fixation is considered a risk factor for infection; however, few experimental data are available confirming this belief. To study whether stable fractures led to higher infection clearance, mouse femoral osteotomies were fixed with either stable or unstable fixation and the surgical site was contaminated with either Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis)or Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus)clinical isolates...
November 21, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160638/tissue-repair-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-surgery-analysis-on-infections-in-surgically-implanted-natural-biomaterials
#2
Amulya K Saxena, Piotr Soltysiak
INTRODUCTION: Over the past 4 decades commercially available natural and synthetic biomaterials have been employed for various reconstructive procedures in the pediatric population. The aim of this study was to identify the types of commercially available natural biomaterials and their areas of application in the pediatric age group. Furthermore, to perform an analysis to identify areas of application and types of biomaterials those have increased susceptibility to infections in the pediatric population...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160525/colonic-basidiobolomycosis-with-liver-involvement-masquerading-as-gastrointestinal-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Omid Reza Zekavat, Babak Abdolkarimi, Gholamreza Pouladfar, Gholamreza Fathpour, Maral Mokhtari, Nader Shakibazad
Basidiobolomycosis is an unusual fungal skin infection that rarely involves the gastrointestinal tract. This study reported a 5-year-old boy with gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis that had been misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal lymphoma. He was treated by surgical resection and a combination of posaconazole and amphotericin B deoxycholate with an acceptable response and no recurrence.
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159658/lung-necrosectomy-in-pediatric-patients-with-necrotizing-pneumonia
#4
Francina V Bolaños-Morales, Emmanuel Peña Gómez-Portugal, María E Aguilar-Mena, Patricio J Santillán-Doherty, Avelina Sotres-Vega, J Alfredo Santibáñez-Salgado
INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing pneumonia is the consolidation of lung parenchyma with destruction and necrosis, forming solitary or multiloculated radiolucent foci. When antibiotic treatment fails and clinical course does not improve, patients might need lung tissue resection: segmentectomy, lobectomy or bilobectomy. We have performed a more conservative surgical approach in pediatric patients with necrotizing pneumonia, lung necrosectomy: resection of unviable necrotic tissue, to preserve more healthy and potentially recoverable lung parenchyma...
November 20, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159490/-prewarming-according-to-the-awmf-s3-guidelines-on-preventing-inadvertant-perioperative-hypothermia-2014-retrospective-analysis-of-7786-patients
#5
R Grote, A J Wetz, A Bräuer, M Menzel
BACKGROUND: Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia, which is defined as a core body temperature of less than 36.0 °C, can have serious consequences in surgery patients. These include cardiac complications, increased blood loss, wound infections and postoperative shivering; therefore, the scientific evidence that inadvertent perioperative hypothermia should be avoided is undisputed and several national guidelines have been published summarizing the scientific evidence and recommending specific procedures...
November 20, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158999/recurrent-primary-suprahepatic-abscess-due-to-providencia-stuartii-a-rare-phenomenon
#6
Kyawzaw Lin, Aung Naing Lin, Sandar Linn, Madhavi Reddy, Anjali Bakshi
Gram-negative urease-producing bacilli, Providencia stuartii (P. stuartii), is reported in urinary tract infections, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia in humans but they rarely present with a hepatic abscess. We present a rare case of a recurrent suprahepatic cyst due to P. stuartii in a 45-year-old female, intravenous ( IV) heroin abuser with chronic hepatitis B and C. A 45-year-old female with 10 days status post right suprahepatic abscess drainage presented with recurrent, right, upper quadrant abdominal pain for one day...
September 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158975/assessment-of-perioperative-stress-in-colorectal-cancer-by-use-of-in-vitro-cell-models-a-systematic-review
#7
Tove Kirkegaard, Mikail Gögenur, Ismail Gögenur
Background: The perioperative period is important for patient outcome. Colorectal cancer surgery can lead to metastatic disease due to release of disseminated tumor cells and the induction of surgical stress response. To explore the overall effects on surgically-induced changes in serum composition, in vitro model systems are useful. Methods: A systematic search in PubMed and EMBASE was performed to identify studies describing in vitro models used to investigate cancer cell growth/proliferation, cell migration, cell invasion and cell death of serum taken pre- and postoperatively from patients undergoing colorectal tumor resection...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158903/severe-cushing-s-syndrome-and-bilateral-pulmonary-nodules-beyond-ectopic-acth
#8
Carlos Tavares Bello, Emma van der Poest Clement, Richard Feelders
Cushing's syndrome is a rare disease that results from prolonged exposure to supraphysiological levels of glucocorticoids. Severe and rapidly progressive cases are often, but not exclusively, attributable to ectopic ACTH secretion. Extreme hypercortisolism usually has florid metabolic consequences and is associated with an increased infectious and thrombotic risk. The authors report on a case of a 51-year-old male that presented with severe Cushing's syndrome secondary to an ACTH-secreting pituitary macroadenoma, whose diagnostic workup was affected by concurrent subclinical multifocal pulmonary infectious nodules...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158867/hepatic-fascioliasis-presenting-with-bile-duct-obstruction-a-case-report
#9
Rachid Lefryekh, Ahmed Bensaad, Fatimazahra Bensardi, Khalid Elhattabi, Mounir Bouali, Bessam Daif, Abdelaziz Fadil, Zakaria Jaouhari, Tazi Hicham, Aziz Hamdani, Maha Soussi Abdalaoui
Fascioliasis is a zoonotic infection caused by a liver trematode: fasciola hepatica; which commonly affects cattle and sheep, humans are accidental hosts. Several cases have been reported in the literature worldwide with a large geographical distribution. We present a case of bile duct obstruction due to a hepatic fascioliasis, successfully treated with both a combined surgical and medical approaches. A high index of suspicion should be kept in mind for all cases of obstructive jaundice, especially in areas in which human fascioliasis infection is repeatedly reported...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158030/the-role-of-ayurveda-management-in-preventing-surgical-site-infections-instead-of-surgical-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#10
Subhash Yadav, Sanjay Jain, Jatinder Chaudhary, Rahul Bansal, Manoj Sharma
It is probably for the first time in the history of modern surgery that Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) surgery which belongs to 'clean contaminated' class and requires at least 3 doses of prophylactic antibiotic as per recommendations by American Urology Association, was done without the use of any as the patient had a history of severe intolerance to them. The case was an 83 year old male patient presenting with acute urinary retention. He was a known case of BPH being managed continuously on Ayurvedic therapy for many years...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157955/development-of-a-goat-model-for-evaluation-of-withaferin-a-cervical-implants-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#11
Leslie C Sherwood, Farrukh Aqil, Manicka V Vadhanam, Jeyaprakash Jeyabalan, Radha Munagala, David Hoetker, Sanjay Srivastava, Inder P Singh, Scott Cambron, Martin O'Toole, Wendy Spencer, Lynn P Parker, Ramesh C Gupta
Cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). The disease develops over many years through a series of precancerous lesions. Cervical cancer can be prevented by HPV-vaccination, screening and treatment of precancer before development of cervical cancer. The treatment of high-grade cervical dysplasia (CIN(2+)) has traditionally been by cervical conization. Surgical procedures are associated with increased risk of undesirable side effects including bleeding, infection, scarring (stenosis), infertility and complications in later pregnancies...
November 17, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157786/the-seasonal-variability-of-surgical-site-infections-in-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty
#12
Chris A Anthony, Ryan A Peterson, Daniel K Sewell, Linnea A Polgreen, Jacob E Simmering, John J Callaghan, Philip M Polgreen
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) after total knee (TKA) and total hip (THA) arthroplasty are devastating to patients and costly to healthcare systems. The purpose of this study is to investigate the seasonality of TKA and THA SSIs at a national level. METHODS: All data were extracted from the National Readmission Database for 2013 and 2014. Patients were included if they had undergone TKA or THA. We modeled the odds of having a primary diagnosis of SSI as a function of discharge date by month, payer status, hospital size, and various patient co-morbidities...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156861/intraoperative-boost-radiation-effects-on-early-wound-complications-in-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-breast-conserving-surgery
#13
Mehmet Ali Gülçelik, Lütfi Doğan, Niyazi Karaman, Müjdat Turan, Yavuz Selim Kahraman, Gökhan Giray Akgül, Cihangir Özaslan
Background/aim: Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) may pose a risk for wound complications. All technical aspects of IORT regarding early wound complications were evaluated. Materials and methods: Ninety-three consecutive patients operated on with the same surgical technique and given (study group) or not given (control group) IORT were included. Wound complications were evaluated in two groups. Results: Forty-three patients were treated with boost dose IORT and 50 patients were treated with breast-conserving surgery without IORT...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156811/fcgbp-was-upregulated-by-hpv-infection-and-correlated-to-longer-survival-time-of-hnscc-patients
#14
Yating Wang, Yan Liu, Huiqiao Liu, Qingan Zhang, Hongyan Song, Jianliang Tang, Jiangtao Fu, Xiaofei Wang
FcGBP was normally found in intestinal and colonic epithelia, gallbladder, cystic duct, bronchus, submandibular gland, cervix uteri and in fluids secreted by these cells in humans, and was down-regulated during colon carcinogenesis. We found FcGBP gene expression was decreased in HNSCC tissues compared to surgical safety border tissues while TGF-β expression level increased in HNSCC tissues, and higher FcGBP expression level was correlated to longer OS time of HNSCC patients. FcGBP expression level was higher in HPV-positive HNSCC tissues compared to HPV-negative HNSCC tissues, while TGF-β expression level was lower in HPV-positive HNSCC tissues...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156232/use-of-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-after-infection-and-flap-dehiscence-in-radical-vulvectomy-a-case-report
#15
Antoni Llueca, Jose Luis Herraiz, Raquel Del Moral, Dolors Piquer, Yasmine Maazouzi, Blanca Segarra, Jordan Barres, Anna Serra
INTRODUCTION: Vulvar cancer has a lower incidence in high income countries, but is rising, in part, due to the high life expectancy in these societies. Radical vulvectomy is still the standard treatment in initial stages. Wound dehiscence contitututes one of the most common postoperative complications. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 76year old patient with a squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva, FIGO staged, IIIb is presented. Radical vulvectomy and bilateral inguinal lymph node dissection with lotus petal flaps reconstruction are performed as the first treatment...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155339/body-mass-index-predicts-risk-of-complications-in-lumbar-spine-surgery-based-on-surgical-invasiveness
#16
Olivia J Bono, Gregory W Poorman, Norah Foster, Cyrus M Jalai, Samantha R Horn, Jonathan Oren, Alexandra Soroceanu, Subaraman Ramachandran, Taylor E Purvis, Deeptee Jain, Shaleen Vira, Bassel G Diebo, Breton Line, Daniel M Sciubba, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Aaron J Buckland, Thomas J Errico, Virginie Lafage, Shay Bess, Peter G Passias
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Obesity as a comorbidity in spine pathology may increase the risk of complications following surgical treatment. The BMI threshold at which obesity becomes clinically relevant, and the exact nature of that effect, remains poorly understood. PURPOSE: Identify the body mass index (BMI) that independently predicts risk of postoperative complications following lumbar spine surgery. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective review of the National Surgery Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) years 2011-2013...
November 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155268/new-5-factor-modified-frailty-index-using-american-college-of-surgeons-nsqip-data
#17
Sneha Subramaniam, Jeffrey J Aalberg, Rainier P Soriano, Celia M Divino
BACKGROUND: The modified frailty index (mFI-11) is a NSQIP based 11-factor index that has been proven to adequately reflect frailty and predict mortality and morbidity. These 11 factors, made of 16 variables, map to the original 70 item Canada Study of Health and Aging Frailty Index. In the past years, certain NSQIP variables have been removed from the database; as of 2015, only 5 out of the original 11 factors remain. The predictive power and usefulness of these five factors in an index (mFI-5) have not been proven in past literature...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155250/surgical-management-of-acute-appendicitis-in-adults-a-review-of-current-techniques
#18
REVIEW
Maximilian Sohn, Ayman Agha, Stefan Bremer, Kai S Lehmann, Marcus Bormann, Alfred Hochrein
Acute appendicitis is one of the most frequent disorders in abdominal surgery. Therefore, appendectomy is a matter of significant interest in that field. Yet, four different techniques are available: open appendectomy, (conventional) laparoscopic appendectomy, single port laparoscopic appendectomy and NOTES-appendectomy with its different variations. To evaluate the current state of the art in appendectomy a bibliographic search was conducted. All prospectively randomized trials and national register cohort studies published between 1/2010 and 5/2016 were included into the analysis...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155205/cystic-echinococcosis-in-turkana-kenya-30-years-of-imaging-in-an-endemic-region
#19
N Solomon, E Zeyhle, K Subramanian, P J Fields, T Romig, P Kern, J Y Carter, J Wachira, A Mengiste, C N L Macpherson
Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a widespread, complex zoonosis, causes chronic disease associated with high morbidity. The pastoral Turkana people of Kenya have one of the highest prevalence rates of CE in the world. Between 1983 and 2015, a CE control program in the Turkana region used ultrasound (US) screening surveys and surgical outreach visits to evaluate CE prevalence and treat those with the disease. As the gold standard modality for diagnosing CE, US reveals a great deal of information about the disease in affected populations...
November 16, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155193/is-removal-of-the-pressure-regulating-balloon-necessary-after-artificial-urinary-sphincter-cuff-erosion
#20
Alexander T Rozanski, Boyd R Viers, Nabeel A Shakir, Travis J Pagliara, Jeremy M Scott, Allen F Morey
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the risk of delayed infectious complications from retained pressure regulating balloons (PRB) after artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) cuff erosion. METHODS: From our database of 530 AUS cases between 2007-2016, we identified 40 total AUS cuff erosions. Twenty-four (60%) presented without evidence of gross device infection and underwent explant of cuff and pump without removal of the PRB. Space of Retzius (SoR) and high submuscular (HSM) balloon locations were analyzed to assess for ease of removal...
November 16, 2017: Urology
keyword
keyword
81327
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"