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Ming-Shyen Yen, Jen-Ruei Chen, Peng-Hui Wang, Kuo-Chang Wen, Yi-Jen Chen, Heung-Tat Ng
Uterine sarcoma is a very aggressive and highly lethal disease. Even after a comprehensive staging surgery or en block cytoreduction surgery followed by multimodality therapy (often chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy), many patients relapse or present with distant metastases, and finally die of diseases. The worst outcome of uterine sarcomas is partly because of their rarity, unknown etiology, and highly divergent genetic aberration. Uterine sarcomas are often classified into four distinct subtypes, including uterine leiomyosarcoma, low-grade uterine endometrial stromal sarcoma, high-grade uterine endometrial stromal sarcoma, and undifferentiated uterine sarcoma...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Michael M Neeki, Christine Au, Aurora Richard, Carlos Peace, Sharon Jaques, Jens Johansson
PURPOSE: We aimed to describe a case of an incarcerated adolescent with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) presenting as acute psychosis. METHODS: This was a retrospective case report followed with chart and literature review. MAIN FINDINGS: An adolescent with ADEM presented with drastic behavior and personality changes that led to her incarceration for serious charges. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis leads to neuropsychiatric effects and can be seen with magnetic resonance imaging as a large mass effect that may result in a poor prognosis...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Magenta B Simmons, Aurora Elmes, Joanne E McKenzie, Lyndal Trevena, Sarah E Hetrick
BACKGROUND: Appropriate treatment for youth depression is an important public health priority. Shared decision making has been recommended, yet no decision aids exist to facilitate this. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to evaluate an online decision aid for youth depression. DESIGN: An uncontrolled cohort study with pre-decision, immediately post-decision and follow-up measurements. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Young people (n=66) aged 12-25 years with mild, mild-moderate or moderate-severe depression were recruited from two enhanced primary care services...
October 17, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Diana-Mirela Cândea, Aurora Szentágotai-Tătar
Evidence shows that people with high social anxiety levels ruminate about distressing social events, which contributes to the maintenance of social anxiety symptoms. The present study aimed to explore the role of shame in maintaining post-event rumination (PER) following a negative social event (an impromptu speech with negative feedback) in a student sample (N = 104). Participants reported negative rumination related to the event one day and one week after the speech. PER measured one day after the speech was not associated with social anxiety symptoms and state anxiety...
October 15, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
Philip W Hedrick, Aurora Garcia-Dorado
Inbreeding depression, the reduction of fitness caused by inbreeding, is a nearly universal phenomenon that depends on past mutation, selection, and genetic drift. Recent estimates suggest that its impact on individual fitness is even greater than previously thought. Genomic information is contributing to its detection and can enlighten important aspects of its genetic architecture. In natural populations, purging and genetic rescue mitigate fitness decline during inbreeding periods, and might be critical to population survival, thus, both mechanisms should be considered when assessing extinction risks...
October 12, 2016: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
Silvia Colella, Marco Mazzeo, Aurora Rizzo, Giuseppe Gigli, Andrea Listorti
Incubating in the rise of the perovskite photovoltaic era, an intelligent material design allows now for a fine tune of the properties, targeting also light-emitting applications. Herein benefits derive from the use of low dimensional and nanostructured perovskites, marginally exploited in photovoltaic devices, allowing for exciton engineering and for intrinsic resonating structures. By evaluating halide perovskites, envisioning light-emitting applications, particular attention is dedicated to the role that this material can effectively play in the field...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Michele R Colonna, Giuseppe Tallarida, Francesco Stagno d'Alcontres, Salvatore Noto, Aurora Parodi, Alberto Tagliafico
Five years after both right ulnar and median nerve decompression for paraesthesias and palsy, a patient, coming from Nigeria but living in Italy, came to our unit claiming to have persistent pain and combined median and ulnar palsy. Under suspicion of leprosy, skin and left sural nerve biopsy were performed. Skin tests were negative, but Schwann cells resulted as positive for acid-fast bacilli (AFB), leading to the diagnosis of Pure Neuritic Leprosy (PNL). The patient was given PB multidrug therapy and recovered from pain in two months...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Dominic J Pollard, Joanna C Young, Valentina Covarelli, Silvia Herrera-León, Thomas R Connor, Maria Fookes, Danielle Walker, Aurora Echeita, Nicholas R Thomson, Cedric N Berger, Gad Frankel
Salmonella spp. utilize type III secretion systems (T3SS) to translocate effectors into the cytosol of mammalian host cells, subverting cell signaling and facilitating the onset of gastroenteritis. In this study we compared a draft genome assembly of S. enterica subsp. salamae strain 3588/07 (S. salamae) against the genomes of S. enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium strain LT2 and S. bongori strain 12419. S. salamae encode the Salmonella pathogenicity island (SPI)-1; SPI-2 and the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) T3SSs...
October 10, 2016: Infection and Immunity
Mai Takagi, Takuya Sakamoto, Ritsuko Suzuki, Keiichirou Nemoto, Takeshi Obayashi, Takeshi Hirakawa, Tomoko M Matsunaga, Daisuke Kurihara, Yuko Nariai, Takeshi Urano, Tatsuya Sawasaki, Sachihiro Matsunaga
Aurora kinase (AUR) is a well-known mitotic serine/threonine kinase that regulates centromere formation, chromosome segregation, and cytokinesis in eukaryotes. In addition to regulating mitotic events, AUR has been shown to regulate protein dynamics during interphase in animal cells. In contrast, there has been no identification and characterization of substrates and/or interacting proteins during interphase in plants. The Arabidopsis thaliana genome encodes three AUR paralogues, AtAUR1, AtAUR2, and AtAUR3...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Plant Research
Aurora Ibarra-Arce, Tania Albavera-Giles, Beatriz Zavaleta-Villa, Gabriela Ortiz de Zárate-Alarcón, Laura Flores-Peña, María Del Carmen Sierra-Romero, Mirza Romero-Valdovinos, Angélica Olivo-Díaz
OBJECTIVE: Non-syndromic cleft lip/palate malformation (CL/P) is one of the most common birth defects in humans and has a complex etiology involving genetic and environmental factors. Mutations in the MSX1 gene are critical during craniofacial development. The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of MSX1 gene polymorphisms to the risk of developing CL/P in a sample of Mexican patients. METHODS: The sample consisted of 282 subjects (69 cases and 213 relatives)...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Eduardo Romero-Montalvo, José Manuel Guevara-Vela, Aurora Costales, Ángel Martín Pendás, Tomás Rocha-Rinza
We analyzed non-additive effects in resonance assisted hydrogen bonds (RAHBs) in different β-enolones, which are archetypal compounds of these types of interactions. For this purpose, we used (i) potential energy curves to compute the formation energy, ΔE, of the RAHBs of interest in different circumstances along with (ii) tools offered by quantum chemical topology, namely, the Quantum Theory of Atoms In Molecules (QTAIM) and the Interacting Quantum Atoms (IQA) electronic energy partition. We established the effect that a given H-bond exerts over ΔE associated with another RAHB, determining in this way the cooperativity or the anticooperativity of these interactions...
September 21, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
In-Sook Cho, Davaajargal Igori, Seungmo Lim, Gug-Seoun Choi, John Hammond, Hyoun-Sub Lim, Jae Sun Moon
Deep sequencing has generated 52 contigs derived from five viruses; Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV), Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV), Apple stem pitting virus (ASPV), Apple green crinkle associated virus (AGCaV), and Apricot latent virus (ApLV) were identified from eight apple samples showing small leaves and/or growth retardation. Nucleotide (nt) sequence identity of the assembled contigs was from 68% to 99% compared to the reference sequences of the five respective viral genomes. Sequences of ASPV and ASGV were the most abundantly represented by the 52 contigs assembled...
October 2016: Plant Pathology Journal
W Bruinsma, M Aprelia, I García-Santisteban, J Kool, Y J Xu, R H Medema
When cells in G2 phase are challenged with DNA damage, several key mitotic regulators such as Cdk1/Cyclin B, Aurora A and Plk1 are inhibited to prevent entry into mitosis. Here we have studied how inhibition of Plk1 is established after DNA damage. Using a Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based biosensor for Plk1 activity, we show that inhibition of Plk1 after DNA damage occurs with relatively slow kinetics and is entirely dependent on loss of Plk1-T210 phosphorylation. As T210 is phosphorylated by the kinase Aurora A in conjunction with its co-factor Bora, we investigated how they are affected by DNA damage...
October 10, 2016: Oncogene
Emanuele D'Amico, Aurora Zanghì, Francesco Patti, Mario Zappia
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive disease of the central nervous system with unknown etiology. It could be associated with severe disability and losses of physical, psychological and social role functioning over time. People with MS share experiences in common with people affected by diseases with a shorter and clearer terminal phase. Therefore, it is appropriate to offer a palliative care approach to people with severe MS and their caregivers. Areas covered: Benefits for severe MS patients and their caregivers were shown when palliative care was included in their care...
October 8, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Jonathan Coronel-León, Aurora Pinazo, Lourdes Pérez, Mª José Espuny, Ana Mª Marqués, Angeles Manresa
Recently it has been demonstrated that catanionic mixtures of oppositely charged surfactants have improved physicochemical-biological properties compared to the individual components. Isotherms of mixtures of an anionic biosurfactant (lichenysin) and a cationic aminoacid surfactant (C3(LA)2) indicate a strong interaction suggesting the formation of a new "pseudo-surfactant". The antimicrobial properties of the mixture lichenysin and C3(LA)2 M80:20, indicate a synergistic effect of the components. The mechanism of action on the bacterial envelope was assessed by flow cytometry and Transmission Electron Microscopy...
October 4, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Gian Matteo Rigolin, Elena Saccenti, Cristian Bassi, Laura Lupini, Francesca Maria Quaglia, Maurizio Cavallari, Sara Martinelli, Luca Formigaro, Enrico Lista, Maria Antonella Bardi, Eleonora Volta, Elisa Tammiso, Aurora Melandri, Antonio Urso, Francesco Cavazzini, Massimo Negrini, Antonio Cuneo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Vicki Flenady, Aleena M Wojcieszek, Ingvild Fjeldheim, Ingrid K Friberg, Victoria Nankabirwa, Jagrati V Jani, Sonja Myhre, Philippa Middleton, Caroline Crowther, David Ellwood, David Tudehope, Robert Pattinson, Jacqueline Ho, Jiji Matthews, Aurora Bermudez Ortega, Mahima Venkateswaran, Doris Chou, Lale Say, Garret Mehl, J Frederik Frøen
BACKGROUND: Electronic health registries - eRegistries - can systematically collect relevant information at the point of care for reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH). However, a suite of process and outcome indicators is needed for RMNCH to monitor care and to ensure comparability between settings. Here we report on the assessment of current global indicators and the development of a suite of indicators for the WHO Essential Interventions for use at various levels of health care systems nationally and globally...
September 30, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Yoo Hong Min, Wootae Kim, Ja-Eun Kim
Mitotic progression is crucial for the maintenance of chromosomal stability. A proper progression is ensured by the activities of multiple kinases. One of these enzymes, the serine/threonine kinase Aurora A, is required for proper mitosis through the regulation of centrosome and spindle assembly. In this study, we functionally characterized a newly developed Aurora kinase A inhibitor, TC-A2317. In human lung cancer cells, TC-A2317 slowed proliferation by causing aberrant formation of centrosome and microtubule spindles and prolonging the duration of mitosis...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Francisco F García-Prieto, Aurora Muñoz-Losa, M Luz Sánchez, M Elena Martín, Manuel A Aguilar
In an attempt to shed light on the environmental effects on the deactivation channels of the PYP chromophore, radiative and non-radiative deactivation mechanisms of the anionic p-coumaric acid methyl ester (pCE(-)) in the gas phase and water solution are compared at the CASPT2//CASSCF/cc-pVDZ level and, when necessary, at the CASPT2//CASPT2/cc-pVDZ level. We find that the solvent produces dramatic modifications on the free energy profile of the S1 state. Two twisted structures that are minima in the gas phase could not be localized in aqueous solution...
October 5, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Rosella Gallo, Alessio Signori, Sonia Gervasio, Silvia Riva, Aurora Parodi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Contact Dermatitis
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