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María Rubí Vargas, Efraín Alonso Terrazas-Medina, Ahideé Guadalupe Leyva-López, Sandra Lidia Peralta-Peña, Lea Aurora Cupul-Uicab
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies suggest that low consumption as well as low serum levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) omega-3 and a high omega-6/omega-3 ratio may be implicated in the etiology of depressive disorders, however, epidemiologic evidence is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship of serum levels of omega-3 fatty acids (docosahexaenoic [DHA], eicosapentaenoic [EPA], alpha-linolenic fatty acid [ALA]) and the omega-6 (arachidonic acid [AA])/EPA ratio with depressive symptoms among Mexican college students...
November 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Alessandro Pileri, Claudio Agostinelli, Francesca Bruni, Vieri Grandi, Aurora Alessandrini, Nicola Pimpinelli, Bianca M Piraccini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Emanuele Cozzani, Giulia Ciccarese, Francesco Drago, Daniela Gerbaldo, Aurora Parodi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Luigi Principe, Aurora Piazza, Carola Mauri, Adriano Anesi, Silvia Bracco, Gioconda Brigante, Erminia Casari, Carlo Agrappi, Mariasofia Caltagirone, Federica Novazzi, Roberta Migliavacca, Laura Pagani, Francesco Luzzaro
Background: The emergence of the plasmid-mediated colistin resistance mechanism in Escherichia coli has raised concern among public health experts as colistin is a last-line antimicrobial resort. The primary aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of this resistance trait in E. coli isolates circulating in the Lombardy region, Northern Italy. The presence of mcr -type genes and their genetic relationship were also studied. Materials and methods: A prospective study was performed during a 4-month period (May to August, 2016) in six acute care Hospitals...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Xingmei Duan, Minjie Mu, Junfeng Yan, Lan Bai, Lei Zhong, Yuxuan Zhu, Haixia Pan, Mei Zhang, Jianyou Shi
Background: The newly synthesized Aurora-A kinase inhibitor XY-4 is a potential anti-cancer agent, but its hydrophobicity and limited efficiency restrict further application. Nanotechnology based combined therapy provides an optimized strategy for solving these issues. Methods: In this study, the newly synthesized Aurora-A kinase inhibitor XY-4 and Bcl-xl targeted siRNA were co-delivered by cationic liposomes, creating an injectable co-delivery formulation. The anti-cancer ability and mechanisms of XY-4/Bcl-xl siRNA co-loaded cationic liposomes were studied both in vitro and in vivo...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Laura Monteonofrio, Davide Valente, Manuela Ferrara, Serena Camerini, Roberta Miscione, Marco Crescenzi, Cinzia Rinaldo, Silvia Soddu
Cytokinesis, the final phase of cell division, is necessary to form two distinct daughter cells with correct distribution of genomic and cytoplasmic materials. Its failure provokes genetically unstable states, such as tetraploidization and polyploidization, which can contribute to tumorigenesis. Aurora-B kinase controls multiple cytokinetic events, from chromosome condensation to abscission when the midbody is severed. We have previously shown that HIPK2, a kinase involved in DNA damage response and development, localizes at the midbody and contributes to abscission by phosphorylating extrachromosomal histone H2B at Ser14...
March 22, 2018: Oncogene
Itziar Ibarlucea-Benitez, Luke S Ferro, David G Drubin, Georjana Barnes
Mitotic spindle disassembly after chromosome separation is as important as spindle assembly, yet the molecular mechanisms for spindle disassembly are unclear. In this study, we investigated how the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC), which contains the Aurora B kinase Ipl1, swiftly concentrates at the spindle midzone in late anaphase, and we researched the role of this dramatic relocalization during spindle disassembly. We showed that the kinesins Kip1 and Kip3 are essential for CPC relocalization. In cells lacking Kip1 and Kip3, spindle disassembly is severely delayed until after contraction of the cytokinetic ring...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Cell Biology
Alexander Baumann, Anna Maria S Buchberger, Guido Piontek, Dominik Schüttler, Martina Rudelius, Rudolf Reiter, Lena Gebel, Gerhard Piendl, Gero Brockhoff, Anja Pickhard
Recently the Aurora-Kinases (Aurk) moved into the focus as novel disease related biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Elevated Aurora-Kinase expression has been found in a number of malignancies, amongst them HNSCC. For esophageal cancer, the AurkA Phe31-Ile polymorphism has previously been associated with tumor progression. Here we evaluated the treatment efficiency of HNSCC cell radiation as a function of Aurora-Kinases in HNSCC cell lines. Moreover, we investigated a potential sensitization to radiation by a cell treatment with the inhibitors Alisertib, Barasertib, Docetaxel and VX-680...
February 27, 2018: Oncotarget
Thibault Courtheoux, Alghassimou Diallo, Arun Prasath Damodaran, David Reboutier, Erwan Watrin, Claude Prigent
During the prometaphase stage of mitosis, the cell builds a bipolar spindle of microtubules that mechanically segregates sister chromatids for two daughter cells in anaphase. The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) is a quality control mechanism that monitors proper attachment of microtubules to chromosome kinetochores during prometaphase. Segregation occurs only when each chromosome is bi-oriented with each kinetochore pair attached to microtubules emanating from opposite spindle poles. Overexpression of the protein kinase Aurora A is a feature of various cancers and is thought to enable tumour cells to bypass the SAC leading to aneuploidy...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
Loredana Campo, Eun-Kyoung Breuer
Studies have shown that transforming acidic coiled-coil protein 3 (TACC3), a key component of centrosome-microtubule dynamic networks, is significantly associated with various types of human cancer. We have recently reported that high levels of TACC3 are found in breast cancer, lead to the accumulation of spontaneous DNA damage due to defective DNA damage response signaling, and confer cellular sensitivity to radiation and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors. Although our study suggests a potential role of TACC3 as a biomarker in breast cancer detection and prediction of therapy outcome, its role as a therapeutic target in breast cancer is not well studied...
March 19, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Michael L Maitland, Sarina Piha-Paul, Gerald Falchook, Razelle Kurzrock, Ly Nguyen, Linda Janisch, Sanja Karovic, Mark McKee, Elizabeth Hoening, Shekman Wong, Wijith Munasinghe, Joann Palma, Cherrie Donawho, Guinan K Lian, Peter Ansell, Mark J Ratain, David Hong
BACKGROUND: Ilorasertib (ABT-348) inhibits Aurora and VEGF receptor (VEGFR) kinases. Patients with advanced solid tumours participated in a phase 1 dose-escalation trial to profile the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of ilorasertib. METHODS: Ilorasertib monotherapy was administered at 10-180 mg orally once daily (Arm I, n = 23), 40-340 mg orally twice daily (Arm II, n = 28), or 8-32 mg intravenously once daily (Arm III, n = 7), on days 1, 8, and 15 of each 28-day cycle...
March 19, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
María Del Mar Sáez Freire, Adrián Blanco Gómez, Sonia Castillo Lluva, Aurora Gómez Vecino, Julie Milena Galvis Jiménez, Carmen Martín Seisdedos, María Isidoro García, Lourdes Hontecillas Prieto, María Begoña García-Cenador, Francisco Javier García Criado, María Carmen Patino Alonso, Purificación Galindo Villardón, Jian-Hua Mao, Carlos Prieto, Andrés Castellanos Martín, Lars Kaderali, Jesús Pérez Losada
The incidence of breast cancer increases with age until menopause, and breast cancer is more aggressive in younger women. The existence of epidemiological links between breast cancer and aging indicates that both processes share some common mechanisms of development. Oxidative stress is associated with both cancer susceptibility and aging. Here we observed that ERBB2-positive breast cancer, which developed in genetically heterogeneous ERBB2-positive transgenic mice generated by a backcross, is more aggressive in chronologically younger than in older mice (differentiated by the median survival of the cohort that was 79 weeks), similar to what occurs in humans...
March 14, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Monika Raab, Mourad Sanhaji, Yves Matthess, Albrecht Hörlin, Ioana Lorenz, Christina Dötsch, Nils Habbe, Oliver Waidmann, Elisabeth Kurunci-Csacsko, Ron Firestein, Sven Becker, Klaus Strebhardt
The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) acts as a molecular safeguard in ensuring faithful chromosome transmission during mitosis, which is regulated by a complex interplay between phosphatases and kinases including PLK1. Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) germline mutations cause aneuploidy and are responsible for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Here we study the role of PLK1 in colon cancer cells with chromosomal instability promoted by APC truncation (APC-ΔC). The expression of APC-ΔC in colon cells reduces the accumulation of mitotic cells upon PLK1 inhibition, accelerates mitotic exit and increases the survival of cells with enhanced chromosomal abnormalities...
March 16, 2018: Nature Communications
Sofia Doello, Zhibin Liang, Il Kyu Cho, Jung Bong Kim, Qing X Li
Lung cancer is the second most prevalent cancer. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. The low efficacy in current chemotherapies impels to find new alternatives to prevent or treat NSCLC. Rice bran oil is cytotoxic to A549 cells, a NSCLC cell line. Here, we identified 24-methylenecyloartanyl ferulate (24-mCAF) as the main component responsible for the cytotoxicity in A549 cells. An iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics analysis revealed that 24-mCAF inhibits cell proliferation and activates cell death and apoptosis...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Emanuele Cozzani, Giovanni Di Zenzo, Margherita Cioni, Sanja Javor, Marco Altieri, Luca Anselmi, Aurora Parodi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
Elizabeth A MacDonald, Eric Donovan, Yukitoshi Nishimura, Nathan A Case, D Megan Gillies, Bea Gallardo-Lacourt, William E Archer, Emma L Spanswick, Notanee Bourassa, Martin Connors, Matthew Heavner, Brian Jackel, Burcu Kosar, David J Knudsen, Chris Ratzlaff, Ian Schofield
A glowing ribbon of purple light running east-west in the night sky has recently been observed by citizen scientists. This narrow, subauroral, visible structure, distinct from the traditional auroral oval, was largely undocumented in the scientific literature and little was known about its formation. Amateur photo sequences showed colors distinctly different from common types of aurora and occasionally indicated magnetic field-aligned substructures. Observations from the Swarm satellite as it crossed the arc have revealed an unusual level of electron temperature enhancement and density depletion, along with a strong westward ion flow, indicating that a pronounced subauroral ion drift (SAID) is associated with this structure...
March 2018: Science Advances
Danuta Jarocha, Karen K Vo, Randolph B Lyde, Vincent Hayes, Rodney M Camire, Mortimer Poncz
In vitro-grown megakaryocytes for generating platelets may have value in meeting the increasing demand for platelet transfusions. Remaining challenges have included the poor yield and quality of in vitro-generated platelets. We have shown that infusing megakaryocytes leads to intrapulmonary release of functional platelets. A Src kinase inhibitor (SU6656), a Rho-associated kinase inhibitor (Y27632), and an aurora B kinase inhibitor (AZD1152) have been shown to increase megakaryocyte ploidy and in vitro proplatelet release...
March 27, 2018: Blood Advances
Tao Yu, Yonglian Zhang, Angela D Kerekes, Jayaram R Tagat, Ronald J Doll, Yushi Xiao, Sara Esposite, Alan Hruza, David B Belanger, Matthew Voss, Matthew P Rainka, Andrea Basso, Ming Liu, Lianzhu Liang, Ning Sui, Daniel Prelusky, Diane Rindgen, Likang Zhang
Imidazo-[1, 2-a]pyrazine 1 is a potent inhibitor of Aurora A and B kinase in vitro and is effective in in vivo tumor models, but has poor oral bioavailbility and is unsuitable for oral dosing. We describe herein our effort to improve oral exposure in this class, resulting ultimately in the identification of a potent Aurora inhibitor 16, which exhibited good drug exposure levels across species upon oral dosing, and showed excellent in vivo efficacy in a mouse xenograft tumor model when dosed orally.
February 23, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Minle Li, Keyu Gao, Laili Chu, Junnian Zheng, Jing Yang
Aurora kinase A (Aurora-A), a member of the Aurora family of serine/threonine kinases, plays a critical role in multiple steps of mitotic progression, including microtubule stability during the G1 phase of the cell cycle, chromosome alignment and segregation, and cytokinesis and is aberrantly expressed in various types of human cancers. In addition to its classic functions, recent studies have indicated that Aurora-A is critical for controlling self-renewal of embryonic stem cells through negative regulation of p53...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Daniela Munro-Rojas, Esdras Fernandez-Morales, José Zarrabal-Meza, Ma Teresa Martínez-Cazares, Aurora Parissi-Crivelli, Javier Fuentes-Domínguez, Marie Nancy Séraphin, Michael Lauzardo, Jorge Alberto González-Y-Merchand, Sandra Rivera-Gutierrez, Roberto Zenteno-Cuevas
BACKGROUND: Mexico is one of the most important contributors of drug and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Latin America; however, knowledge of the genetic diversity of drug-resistant tuberculosis isolates is limited. METHODS: In this study, the genetic structure of 112 Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains from the southeastern Mexico was determined by spoligotyping and 24-loci MIRU-VNTRs. FINDINGS: The results show eight major lineages, the most of which was T1 (24%), followed by LAM (16%) and H (15%)...
2018: PloS One
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