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Pediatric sleep apnea

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739361/gender-affects-long-term-neurologic%C3%A2-outcome-of-neonates
#1
Amir Freud, Eyal Sheiner, Tamar Wainstock, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the possible association between fetal gender and long-term pediatric neurological morbidity. METHODS: We performed a population-based retrospective cohort analysis comparing the risk of long-term neurological morbidity (up to age 18 years) of children born during the years 1991 to 2013 according to their gender. Neurological morbidity evaluated included hospitalizations in childhood involving pervasive developmental disorder, obstructive sleep apnea, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and infantile spasms and disorders of eating as recorded in the hospital files...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738322/pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-where-do-we-stand
#2
Yu-Shu Huang, Christian Guilleminault
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was initially described in 1976. In 1981, Dr. Guilleminault emphasized that pediatric OSA was different from the clinical presentation reported in adults. It was characterized by more disturbed nocturnal sleep than excessive daytime sleepiness, and presented more behavioral problems, particularly school problems, hyperactivity, nocturnal enuresis, sleep terrors, depression, insomnia, and psychiatric problems. The underlying causes of pediatric OSA are complex. Such factors as adenotonsillar hypertrophy, obesity, anatomical and neuromuscular factors, and hypotonic neuromuscular disease are also involved...
2017: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708880/pediatric-sleep-apnea-and-depressive-disorders-risk-a-population-based-15-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Chun-Hung Chang, Shaw-Ji Chen, Chieh-Yu Liu
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown a higher risk of depressive disorders in children with sleep apnea than in those without sleep apnea. However, the association between sleep apnea and subsequent depressive disorders in the pediatric population remains undetermined. Thus, this study investigated the risk of depressive disorders among pediatric patients with sleep apnea. METHODS: In this study, the population-based National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan was used to identify patients who had first been diagnosed with sleep apnea between 1999 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681043/pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing-%C3%A2-role-of-the-dentist
#4
Shirley Leibovitz, Yaron Haviv, Yair Sharav, Galit Almoznino, Doron Aframian, Uri Zilberman
OBJECTIVE: In this review article, the role of the dentist in the evaluation and treatment of snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) in children is described. Snoring and OSAS in children is receiving increased awareness, with reported rates approximating 10% of children who regularly snore, and up to 4% who suffer from OSAS. OSAS in children may have serious developmental and behavioral consequences. Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI) is the main outcome of the polysomnography test, but its diagnostic values differ from children to adults, as do treatment approaches...
July 4, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675097/adenotonsillectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-quality-of-life-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Cameron A Todd, Anna K Bareiss, Edward D McCoul, Kimsey H Rodriguez
Objective To determine the impact of adenotonsillectomy on the quality of life of pediatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and to identify gaps in the current research. Data Sources The MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were systematically searched via the Ovid portal on June 18, 2016, for English-language articles. Review Methods Full-text articles were selected that studied boys and girls <18 years of age who underwent adenotonsillectomy for OSA or sleep-disordered breathing and that recorded validated, quantitative quality-of-life outcomes...
June 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651794/airflow-shape-is-associated-with-the-pharyngeal-structure-causing-osa
#6
Pedro R Genta, Scott A Sands, James P Butler, Stephen H Loring, Eliot S Katz, B Gail Demko, Eric J Kezirian, David P White, Andrew Wellman
BACKGROUND: OSA results from the collapse of different pharyngeal structures (soft palate, tongue, lateral walls, and epiglottis). The structure involved in collapse has been shown to impact non-CPAP OSA treatment. Different inspiratory airflow shapes are also observed among patients with OSA. We hypothesized that inspiratory flow shape reflects the underlying pharyngeal structure involved in airway collapse. METHODS: Subjects with OSA were studied with a pediatric endoscope and simultaneous nasal flow and pharyngeal pressure recordings during natural sleep...
June 23, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645463/etiologies-of-chronic-cough-in-pediatric-cohorts-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#7
Anne B Chang, John J Oppenheimer, Miles Weinberger, Cameron C Grant, Bruce K Rubin, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: In children (aged ≤14-years) there is no published systematic review on the etiologies of chronic cough or, the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic cough. We thus undertook systematic reviews based on key questions (KQs) using the PICO format. The KQs were: Among children with chronic (>4 weeks) cough: (1) are the common etiologies different from adults? (2) are the common etiologies age and/or setting dependent? and; (3) is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) an etiology of chronic cough in children? METHODS: We used the CHEST expert cough panel's protocol and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and GRADE framework...
June 20, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598799/clinical-outcomes-of-an-inpatient-pediatric-obesity-treatment-program-in-the-usa
#8
Sharonda J Alston Taylor, Kimberly Rennie, Cindy Jon
Background When treating recalcitrant and severe childhood obesity, pharmaceutical options are limited and few patients qualify for bariatric surgery. A prolonged inpatient program serves as an alternative treatment. The purpose of this project was to describe the development of a medically supervised inpatient weight management program and evaluate its effectiveness. Methods This is a retrospective chart review of 18 patients [4-18 years, mean body mass index (BMI) 50.2 kg/m2] admitted to an inpatient pediatric weight management program from October 2011 through December 31, 2012 to evaluate the biometric, laboratory, sleep and behavioral changes that occurred from admission to discharge from the program...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587728/incidence-of-children-at-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-undergoing-common-day-surgery-procedures
#9
Emma M Holmes, Heena H K Singh, Valerie G Kirk, Mary Brindle, Jeremy Luntley, Bryce A Weber, Warren K Yunker
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) in children undergoing elective day surgery procedures. METHODS: A validated Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) was distributed to the parents of children aged 2months to 18 years who met inclusion criteria and were undergoing urologic, otolaryngologic, and general surgical day surgery procedures a 3-month period of time. The prevalence of children at risk for pediatric SRBD was determined from PSQ results...
May 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586543/acute-fatigue-predicts-sickness-absence-in-the-workplace-a-1-year-retrospective-cohort-study-in-pediatric-nurses
#10
Knar Sagherian, George J Unick, Shijun Zhu, Debra Derickson, Pamela S Hinds, Jeanne Geiger-Brown
AIMS: To examine the relationship between fatigue and sickness absence in nurses from a pediatric hospital over 12 months of follow-up. A secondary aim was to identify other work and personal factors that predict sickness absence. BACKGROUND: Sickness absence is often related to worker-fatigue, yet few studies have explored this relationship in nurses despite documented high fatigue levels. DESIGN: The study used retrospective cohort design...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583490/polysomnography-results-versus-clinical-factors-to-predict-post-operative-respiratory-complications-following-pediatric-adenotonsillectomy
#11
REVIEW
John S Saur, Scott E Brietzke
OBJECTIVE: Systematically review the published literature comparing the presence of clinical features (age, BMI, co-morbidities, etc.) versus polysomnogram (PSG) results in the prediction of major post-operative respiratory complications following pediatric adenotonsillectomy (T/A) for the treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). METHODS: A systematic review of the PUBMED and EMBASE databases was performed to identify studies containing both clinical and PSG data predicting major post-operative respiratory complications following T/A...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578441/prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Tahani Al-Otaibi, Mansour Al-Qwaiee, Huda Faraidi, Fatima Batniji, Faisal Al-Otaibi, Adel Al-Harbi
To assess the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in Saudi children with sickle cell disease at a tertiary hospital in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) using nocturnal polysomnography. Methods: A prospective cross-section study was conducted between 2012 and 2016 in 65 children aged between 2-14 years at Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, KSA with sickle cell disease. Patients answered a pediatric sleep questionnaire with the help of an accompanying caregiver and underwent polysomnography in the same night...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576543/pycnodysostosis-at-otorhinolaryngology
#13
Tekin Baglam, Adem Binnetoglu, Muhammet Fatih Topuz, Nilay Baş Ikizoglu, Refika Ersu, Serap Turan, Murat Sarı
AIM: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal, recessive, skeletal dysplasia caused by a mutation in the cathepsin k gene. Pycnodysostosis is characterized by short stature, characteristic facial appearance (delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, mandibular hypoplasia and angle disorder, blue sclera), and acroosteolysis of the distal phalanges. Our aim was to describe the otorhinolaryngologic findings, differential diagnoses, various treatment options, and followup in eight cases of pycnodysostosis...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576540/refractory-sleep-apnea-caused-by-tubal-tonsillar-hypertrophy
#14
Seok Chan Hong, Hyun Jin Min, Kyung Soo Kim
Snoring/sleep apnea are usual symptoms of adenotonsillar hypertrophy, and adenotonsillectomy is usually recommended. In rare cases, symptoms remain after surgery, and tubal tonsil hypertrophy could be the cause. We experienced a pediatric patient whose symptoms were refratory snoring/sleep apnea although he previously underwent three times of adenotonsillectomy. We diagnosed tubal tonsil hypertrophy which was the cause of refractory symptoms, and decided to perform volume reduction with radiofrequency ablation...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576523/clinical-symptoms-that-predict-the-presence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
Kevin C Lewis, James W Schroeder, Bushra Ayub, Bharat Bhushan
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a set of clinical symptoms can help in determining the presence and severity of OSA. SETTING: Tertiary urban pediatric hospital. METHODS: Parents of children undergoing an overnight PSG answered a 56 item questionnaire based on their child's symptoms. The responses to the questionnaire were compared between patients with different severities of OSA (s determined by PSG) and those without OSA. Responses to questionnaire were also analyzed between obese and non-obese patients...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555665/international-spinal-cord-injury-core-data-set-version-2-0-including-standardization-of-reporting
#16
F Biering-Sørensen, M J DeVivo, S Charlifue, Y Chen, P W New, V Noonan, M W M Post, L Vogel
STUDY DESIGN: The study design includes expert opinion, feedback, revisions and final consensus. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to present the new knowledge obtained since the International Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Core Data Set (Version 1.0) published in 2006, and describe the adjustments made in Version 2.0, including standardization of data reporting. SETTING: International. METHODS: Comments received from the SCI community were discussed in a working group (WG); suggestions from the WG were reviewed and revisions were made...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553682/glycated-hemoglobin-and-sleep-apnea-syndrome-in-children-beyond-the-apnea-hypopnea-index
#17
J A Peña-Zarza, M De la Peña, A Yañez, J M Bauça, D Morell-Garcia, M Caimari, A Barceló, J Figuerola
PURPOSE: Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) are frequent conditions in pediatrics. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) is a useful homeostatic biomarker of glycemia and may reflect alterations deriving from sleep breathing disorders. The aim of this study was to relate the severity of OSA with blood HbA1C levels in children. METHODS: A descriptive observational study in snoring patients was performed. All patients underwent a sleep study and classified either as simple snorers (apnea-hypopnea index; AHI ≤ 1 episodies/h) or as OSA patients (AHI > 1 episodes/h)...
May 29, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541508/self-efficacy-and-short-term-adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-in-children
#18
Melissa S Xanthopoulos, Ji Young Kim, Michael Blechner, Ming-Yu Chang, Mary Kate Menello, Christina Brown, Edward Matthews, Terri E Weaver, Justine Shults, Carole L Marcus
Study Objectives: Infants, children and adolescents are increasingly being prescribed continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS), yet adherence is often poor. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between caregiver and patient-reported health cognitions about CPAP prior to starting CPAP, and CPAP adherence at one month. We hypothesized that greater caregiver-reported self-efficacy would be positively associated with CPAP adherence in children...
May 24, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522103/urinary-biomarkers-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-down-syndrome
#19
Ibrahim Elsharkawi, David Gozal, Eric A Macklin, Lauren Voelz, Gil Weintraub, Brian G Skotko
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to compare urinary biomarkers in patients with Down syndrome (DS) with and without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to those of age- and sex-matched neurotypically developing healthy controls (HC). We further investigated whether we could predict OSA in patients with DS using these biomarkers. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from 58 patients with DS the night before or the morning after their scheduled overnight polysomnogram or both, of whom 47 could be age- and sex-matched to a sample of 43 HC...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490038/pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing-an-update-on-diagnostic-testing
#20
Brian McGrath, Jerrold Lerman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent advances in diagnostic testing for obstructive sleep apnea in children have refined the standard tests while identifying several new tools that hold promise to radically change how we diagnose sleep apnea. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have demonstrated that the polysomnogram may be modified to permit home assessment of sleep disturbed breathing in children to ensure more widespread access to the test. Alternately, questionnaires, nocturnal oximetry, and diagnostic urinary biomarkers have shown great promise as both sensitive and specific tools to diagnose sleep apnea in children as well as track the severity of the disease...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
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