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Pediatric sleep apnea

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782200/impact-of-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-the-development-of-class-ii-hyperdivergent-patients-receiving-orthodontic-treatment-a-pilot-study
#1
Tingting Zhao, Peter Ngan, Fang Hua, Jie Zheng, Shunquan Zhou, Man Zhang, Hui Xiong, Hong He
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a pilot study to determine if the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) influences the orthodontic treatment outcome of Class II hyperdivergent patients receiving comprehensive orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients between the ages of 12 and 14 who received orthodontic treatment at the Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, China, were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: the OSA group and the control group, based on the outcome of pretreatment polysomnography findings and lateral cephalometric radiograph examination...
May 22, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775557/symptoms-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-nasal-obstruction-and-enuresis-in-children-with-nonsyndromic-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-prevalence-study
#2
Marilyse de Bragança Lopes Fernandes, Alícia Graziela Noronha Silva Salgueiro, Eliete Janaína Bueno Bighetti, Ivy Kiemle Trindade-Suedam, Inge Elly Kiemle Trindade
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), nasal obstruction, and enuresis in children with nonsyndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Referral care center. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred seventy-four children aged 6 to 12 years of both genders. INTERVENTIONS: Symptoms of OSA and nasal obstruction were investigated by analysis of scores obtained by the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC) and Congestion Quantifier (CQ-5)...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759275/sleep-related-drug-therapy-in-special-conditions-children
#3
REVIEW
Nicholas-Tiberio Economou, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Paschalis Steiropoulos
Sleep disorders in children may lead to neurodevelopmental and neurocognitive deficits; it is important to diagnose and treat them properly. Apart from the existing challenges in diagnosis, another drawback is that few therapies are currently approved. In this article, a comprehensive summary of the most common pediatric sleep disorders, along with the various pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches for their management, is presented. Special attention has been paid to the currently available treatment options for pediatric insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, parasomnias, narcolepsy, and restless legs syndrome, and comparisons are made with the corresponding treatment options for sleep disorders in adults...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752170/treating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-improves-the-severity-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children
#4
Shikha S Sundaram, Ann C Halbower, Jelena Klawitter, Zhaoxing Pan, Kristen Robbins, Kelley E Capocelli, Ronald J Sokol
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of treating obstructive sleep apnea/nocturnal hypoxia on pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) severity and oxidative stress. STUDY DESIGN: Biopsy proven participants (n = 9) with NAFLD and obstructive sleep apnea/hypoxia were studied before and after treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for sleep disordered breathing, including laboratory testing and markers of oxidative stress, urine F(2)-isoprostanes...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734976/characterizing-decisional-conflict-for-caregivers-of-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-without-tonsillar-hypertrophy
#5
Amy M Manning, Angela L Duggins, Karin A Tiemeyer, Lisa A Mullen, Joseph A Crisalli, Aliza P Cohen, Stacey L Ishman
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to (1) evaluate the degree of decisional conflict (DC) experienced by caregivers of children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) without tonsillar hypertrophy; and (2) describe the association between DC, quality of life (QOL), and OSA severity. METHODS: This study comprised children evaluated in the multidisciplinary upper airway center at the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center from December 2014 to May 2016...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701558/syringobulbia-in-pediatric-patients-with-chiari-malformation-type-i
#6
Arnold H Menezes, Jeremy D W Greenlee, Brian J Dlouhy
OBJECTIVE Syringobulbia (SB) is a rare entity, with few cases associated with Chiari malformation type I (CM-I) in the pediatric population. The authors reviewed all pediatric cases of CM-I-associated SB managed at their institution in order to better understand the presentation, treatment, and surgical outcomes of this condition. METHODS A prospectively maintained institutional database of craniovertebral junction abnormalities was analyzed to identify all cases of CM-I and SB from the MRI era (i.e., after 1984)...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698145/pre-fabricated-myofunctional-appliance-for-the-treatment-of-mild-to-moderate-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-preliminary-report
#7
Luca Levrini, Giuseppa Sara Salone, German O Ramirez-Yanez
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of the Myobrace/MyOSA myofunctional appliance for the treatment of mild to moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) in children, by means of the Apnea/Hypopnea Index (AHI). STUDY DESIGN: Nine children with a diagnosis of mild to moderate OSA were included in the study. The subjects wore the Myobrace/MyOSA myofunctional appliance for a period of 90 days. The initial AHI, determined by means of a sleep test, was used as baseline (To), and a second AHI, computed at the end of the experimental period, was used as final data (T1 )...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685083/follow-up-and-time-to-treatment-in-an-urban-cohort-of-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#8
Vandra C Harris, Anne R Links, Julia M Kim, Jonathan Walsh, David E Tunkel, Emily F Boss
Objective To evaluate follow-up and timing of sleep-disordered breathing diagnosis and treatment in urban children referred from primary care. Study Design Retrospective longitudinal cohort analysis. Setting Tertiary health system. Subjects and Methods Pediatric outpatients with sleep-disordered breathing, referred from primary care for subspecialty appointment or polysomnography in 2014, followed for 2 years. Timing of polysomnography or subspecialty appointments, loss to follow-up, and sleep-disordered breathing severity were main outcomes...
April 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680425/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-familial-dysautonomia
#9
Kanwaljit Singh, Jose-Alberto Palma, Horacio Kaufmann, Nataliya Tkachenko, Lucy Norcliffe-Kaufmann, Christy Spalink, Mikhail Kazachkov, Sanjeev V Kothare
OBJECTIVE: Familial dysautonomia (FD) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by impaired development of sensory and afferent autonomic nerves. Untreated sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) has been reported to increase the risk of sudden unexpected death in FD. We aimed to describe the prevalence and characteristics of SDB in FD. PATIENTS/METHODS: Seventy-five patients with FD (20 adults and 55 children) underwent in-lab polysomnography, including peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) and end-tidal capnography (EtCO2 ) measurements...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670412/the-effect-of-tonsillectomy-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#10
REVIEW
Lauren K Reckley, Camilo Fernandez-Salvador, Macario Camacho
Objective: Tonsillectomy with adenoidectomy is a combination surgery that has been used to treat pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). For adults, tonsillectomy has also been reported as a primary treatment modality when the tissue is hypertrophied. The objective of this study is to provide an overview of published systematic reviews and meta-analyses of tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy as used in the treatment of OSA in children and adults. Data sources: Nine databases, including PubMed/MEDLINE...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621011/central-sleep-apnea-post-vagal-nerve-manipulation-and-stimulation-during-neck-tumor-resection-a-case-report
#11
Camila B Walters, James M Kynes, Rhonda Tucker, James Netterville
We describe a pediatric patient who underwent neck dissection for removal of a tumor and had unexpected transient central sleep apnea in the recovery room. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in the existing literature of central sleep apnea after surgical manipulation of the vagal nerve under anesthesia.
March 31, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617152/comparison-of-pre-and-postoperative-sleep-studies-in-patients-undergoing-sphincter-pharyngoplasty
#12
Christina M Busuito, Nathan Vandjelovic, Diana M Flis, Arlene Rozzelle
OBJECTIVE: To determine if sphincter pharyngoplasty changes sleep study parameters on patients undergoing surgery for velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). DESIGN: Retrospective chart review on patients undergoing sphincter pharyngoplasty for VPI with pre- and postoperative polysomnography completed. SETTING: Institutional study at a tertiary pediatric hospital. PATIENTS: All patients who underwent sphincter pharyngoplasty over a 20-year period were reviewed; all patients with both pre- and postoperative sleep studies were collected for evaluation...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609717/sleep-disorders-and-their-management-in-children-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-referred-to-sleep-clinics
#13
Keren Armoni Domany, Sumalee Hantragool, David F Smith, Yuanfang Xu, Monir Hossain, Narong Simakajornboon
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The nature of sleep disorders in children with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is unknown. We aimed to describe the type, the management, and the short-term outcome of sleep disorders in children with EDS referred to sleep clinics. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of medical records and polysomnography tests of children with EDS younger than 18 years who were referred to the sleep clinic. Demographic information and medical history were collected, and polysomnography tests were reviewed...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554066/an-algorithm-for-airway-management-in-patients-with-pierre-robin-sequence
#14
Katherine E Hicks, Kathleen R Billings, Chad A Purnell, John M Carter, Bharat Bhushan, Arun K Gosain, Dana M Thompson, Jeffrey C Rastatter
PURPOSE: Airway management in neonates with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) can be challenging. The goal was to describe the algorithm developed by the authors over the past 8 years. METHODS: A retrospective case series analyzing airway management in neonates with PRS admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at a tertiary care pediatric hospital was performed. The utility of the proposed algorithm for airway management incorporating more consistent use of polysomnography (PSG), and airway assessment was assessed...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501352/validation-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-screening-tool-questionnaire
#15
Priscila J S Pires, Rita Mattiello, Magali S Lumertz, Thiago P Morsch, Simone C Fagondes, Magda L Nunes, David Gozal, Renato T Stein
OBJECTIVE: To validate the pediatric obstructive sleep apnea screening tool for use in Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Brazilian version of this questionnaire, originally validated and tested in the United States, was developed as follows: (a) translation; (b) back-translation; (c) completion of the final version; (d) pre-testing. The questionnaire was applied prior to polysomnography to children aged 3-9 years from October 2015 to October 2016, and its psychometric properties (i...
March 1, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501307/respiratory-events-after-adenotonsillectomy-requiring-escalated-admission-status-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
Alexandra M Arambula, Deborah X Xie, Amy S Whigham
OBJECTIVES: To characterize postoperative respiratory complications following adenotonsillectomy (AT) in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and to identify variables associated with pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 133 pediatric OSA patients with prior AT. Assessment of the postoperative hospital course informed patient stratification based on respiratory event severity, PICU admission status, and unscheduled escalation of care...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501304/sleep-endoscopy-findings-in-children-with-persistent-obstructive-sleep-apnea-after-adenotonsillectomy
#17
Steven W Coutras, Alexander Limjuco, Kristin E Davis, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVES: Describe the patterns of obstruction in persistent pediatric OSA and their relationship with patient weight. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: All pediatric DISE procedures performed at a tertiary care hospital between October 2010 and October 2015 were reviewed. Patients had polysomnography after adenotonsillectomy that confirmed persistent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Variables included age, gender, co-morbidities, and AHI...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501287/nationwide-readmissions-after-tonsillectomy-among-pediatric-patients-united-states
#18
Romaine F Johnson, Andrew Chang, Ron B Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: 1) Investigate incidence and predictors of readmissions after tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy (T&A) in children. 2) Identify factors that may predict readmission. SETTINGS: Nationwide cross-sectional survey of US hospital admissions. SUBJECTS: and Methods: The 2013 Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD) was used to examine all-cause readmissions within 30 days of T&A in children (age <18 years). Logistic regression was used to analyze the associations of demographics, diagnosis, insurance status, length of index stay, and median household income with readmission...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498980/does-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-cause-systemic-microvascular-dysfunction
#19
Hasan Emre Koçak, Ayşe Şermin Filiz Acipayam, Harun Acipayam, Bilgen Çakil Erdoğan, Mustafa Suphi Elbistanli, Kamil Hakan Kaya
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) secondary to adenoid hypertrophy causes systemic microvascular dysfunction. This is a prospective single-blinded case-control study. As the patient group, 81 patients diagnosed to have OSAS secondary to adenoid hypertrophy at our hospital between January 2016 and May 2016; as the control group, 26 healthy pediatric volunteers who presented to the hospital for health screening were included in this study. Three groups of OSAS patients were defined as mild, moderate, and severe respectively, according to the lateral nasopharynx x-ray...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487248/association-of-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-poor-academic-performance-a-school-based-study-from-india
#20
Abhishek Goyal, Abhijit P Pakhare, Girish C Bhatt, Bharat Choudhary, Rajesh Patil
Background: Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent but often neglected disorder. There is paucity of reports on the prevalence of pediatric OSA from India. This study was done to estimate the prevalence of OSA in school children aged 5-10 years and its association with academic performance. Methodology: This school-based cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted from July 2015 to November 2015. A questionnaire seeking information on sociodemographic variables, school performance, sleeping pattern, and a validated 22-item pediatrics sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD) scale was distributed to 1820 pupils in three primary schools...
March 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
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