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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343741/species-distribution-modelling-contrasting-presence-only-models-with-plot-abundance-data
#1
Vitor H F Gomes, Stéphanie D IJff, Niels Raes, Iêda Leão Amaral, Rafael P Salomão, Luiz de Souza Coelho, Francisca Dionízia de Almeida Matos, Carolina V Castilho, Diogenes de Andrade Lima Filho, Dairon Cárdenas López, Juan Ernesto Guevara, William E Magnusson, Oliver L Phillips, Florian Wittmann, Marcelo de Jesus Veiga Carim, Maria Pires Martins, Mariana Victória Irume, Daniel Sabatier, Jean-François Molino, Olaf S Bánki, José Renan da Silva Guimarães, Nigel C A Pitman, Maria Teresa Fernandez Piedade, Abel Monteagudo Mendoza, Bruno Garcia Luize, Eduardo Martins Venticinque, Evlyn Márcia Moraes de Leão Novo, Percy Núñez Vargas, Thiago Sanna Freire Silva, Angelo Gilberto Manzatto, John Terborgh, Neidiane Farias Costa Reis, Juan Carlos Montero, Katia Regina Casula, Beatriz S Marimon, Ben-Hur Marimon, Euridice N Honorio Coronado, Ted R Feldpausch, Alvaro Duque, Charles Eugene Zartman, Nicolás Castaño Arboleda, Timothy J Killeen, Bonifacio Mostacedo, Rodolfo Vasquez, Jochen Schöngart, Rafael L Assis, Marcelo Brilhante Medeiros, Marcelo Fragomeni Simon, Ana Andrade, William F Laurance, José Luís Camargo, Layon O Demarchi, Susan G W Laurance, Emanuelle de Sousa Farias, Henrique Eduardo Mendonça Nascimento, Juan David Cardenas Revilla, Adriano Quaresma, Flavia R C Costa, Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira, Bruno Barçante Ladvocat Cintra, Hernán Castellanos, Roel Brienen, Pablo R Stevenson, Yuri Feitosa, Joost F Duivenvoorden, Gerardo A Aymard C, Hugo F Mogollón, Natalia Targhetta, James A Comiskey, Alberto Vicentini, Aline Lopes, Gabriel Damasco, Nállarett Dávila, Roosevelt García-Villacorta, Carolina Levis, Juliana Schietti, Priscila Souza, Thaise Emilio, Alfonso Alonso, David Neill, Francisco Dallmeier, Leandro Valle Ferreira, Alejandro Araujo-Murakami, Daniel Praia, Dário Dantas do Amaral, Fernanda Antunes Carvalho, Fernanda Coelho de Souza, Kenneth Feeley, Luzmila Arroyo, Marcelo Petratti Pansonato, Rogerio Gribel, Boris Villa, Juan Carlos Licona, Paul V A Fine, Carlos Cerón, Chris Baraloto, Eliana M Jimenez, Juliana Stropp, Julien Engel, Marcos Silveira, Maria Cristina Peñuela Mora, Pascal Petronelli, Paul Maas, Raquel Thomas-Caesar, Terry W Henkel, Doug Daly, Marcos Ríos Paredes, Tim R Baker, Alfredo Fuentes, Carlos A Peres, Jerome Chave, Jose Luis Marcelo Pena, Kyle G Dexter, Miles R Silman, Peter Møller Jørgensen, Toby Pennington, Anthony Di Fiore, Fernando Cornejo Valverde, Juan Fernando Phillips, Gonzalo Rivas-Torres, Patricio von Hildebrand, Tinde R van Andel, Ademir R Ruschel, Adriana Prieto, Agustín Rudas, Bruce Hoffman, César I A Vela, Edelcilio Marques Barbosa, Egleé L Zent, George Pepe Gallardo Gonzales, Hilda Paulette Dávila Doza, Ires Paula de Andrade Miranda, Jean-Louis Guillaumet, Linder Felipe Mozombite Pinto, Luiz Carlos de Matos Bonates, Natalino Silva, Ricardo Zárate Gómez, Stanford Zent, Therany Gonzales, Vincent A Vos, Yadvinder Malhi, Alexandre A Oliveira, Angela Cano, Bianca Weiss Albuquerque, Corine Vriesendorp, Diego Felipe Correa, Emilio Vilanova Torre, Geertje van der Heijden, Hirma Ramirez-Angulo, José Ferreira Ramos, Kenneth R Young, Maira Rocha, Marcelo Trindade Nascimento, Maria Natalia Umaña Medina, Milton Tirado, Ophelia Wang, Rodrigo Sierra, Armando Torres-Lezama, Casimiro Mendoza, Cid Ferreira, Cláudia Baider, Daniel Villarroel, Henrik Balslev, Italo Mesones, Ligia Estela Urrego Giraldo, Luisa Fernanda Casas, Manuel Augusto Ahuite Reategui, Reynaldo Linares-Palomino, Roderick Zagt, Sasha Cárdenas, William Farfan-Rios, Adeilza Felipe Sampaio, Daniela Pauletto, Elvis H Valderrama Sandoval, Freddy Ramirez Arevalo, Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Karina Garcia-Cabrera, Lionel Hernandez, Luis Valenzuela Gamarra, Miguel N Alexiades, Susamar Pansini, Walter Palacios Cuenca, William Milliken, Joana Ricardo, Gabriela Lopez-Gonzalez, Edwin Pos, Hans Ter Steege
Species distribution models (SDMs) are widely used in ecology and conservation. Presence-only SDMs such as MaxEnt frequently use natural history collections (NHCs) as occurrence data, given their huge numbers and accessibility. NHCs are often spatially biased which may generate inaccuracies in SDMs. Here, we test how the distribution of NHCs and MaxEnt predictions relates to a spatial abundance model, based on a large plot dataset for Amazonian tree species, using inverse distance weighting (IDW). We also propose a new pipeline to deal with inconsistencies in NHCs and to limit the area of occupancy of the species...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338665/adjuvant-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-advanced-stage-iii-iv-improves-the-outcome-in-the-rituximab-era
#2
Agustin Avilès, Maria-Jesus Nambo, Angel Calva, Natividad Neri, Sergio Cleto, Luis Silva
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and toxicity of adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and nodal bulky disease, on complete response, after six cycles of RCHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone), we began an open-label clinical trial in a large cohort with longer follow-up to evaluate the outcome measured from progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2010, 258 consecutive patients with DLBCL and nodal bulky disease (tumor mass >10 cm) were randomly assigned to receive either RT (involved field, 30 Gy) (127 patients) or no (control group) (131 patients)...
January 17, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332802/total-%C3%AE-1-acid-glycoprotein-determination-in-serum-samples-using-disposable-screen-printed-electrodes-and-osmium-vi-as-electrochemical-tag
#3
Tania Sierra, María Cristina González, Begoña Moreno, Agustin G Crevillen, Alberto Escarpa
Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) or Orosomucoid is a serum glycoprotein which belongs to the group of acute phase proteins. It is a potential biomarker for inflammatory bowel diseases. In this sense, there is a need for developing fast and cheap analytical methods for diagnosis, prognosis and follow-up of these diseases. In this work, we propose a simple and cheap electrochemical method for total AGP determination using disposable carbon screen-printed electrodes (SPE) and using a selective acidic precipitation of the rest of proteins...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331261/necrotizing-granulomatous-inflammation-with-airway-tissue-destruction
#4
María Dolores Almenara Escribano, Agustín Colodro Ruiz, María Martín Armada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329916/impact-of-the-international-nosocomial-infection-control-consortium-s-multidimensional-approach-on-rates-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-14-intensive-care-units-in-11-hospitals-of-5-cities-within-argentina
#5
Victor Daniel Rosenthal, Javier Desse, Diego Marcelo Maurizi, Gustavo Jorge Chaparro, Pablo Wenceslao Orellano, Viviana Chediack, Rafael Cabrera, Daniel Golschmid, Cristina Graciela Silva, Julio Cesar Vimercati, Juan Pablo Stagnaro, Ivanna Perez, María Laura Spadaro, Adriana Miriam Montanini, Dina Pedersen, Teresa Laura Paniccia, Ana María Ríos Aguilera, Raul Cermesoni, Juan Ignacio Mele, Ernesto Alda, Analía Edith Paldoro, Agustín Román Ortta, Bettina Cooke, María Cecilia García, Mora Nair Obed, Cecilia Verónica Domínguez, Pablo Alejandro Saúl, María Cecilia Rodríguez Del Valle, Alberto Claudio Bianchi, Gustavo Alvarez, Ricardo Pérez, Carolina Oyola
BACKGROUND: To analyze the impact of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) multidimensional approach (IMA) on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates in 11 hospitals within 5 cities of Argentina from January 2014-April 2017. METHODS: A multicenter, prospective, before-after surveillance study was conducted through the use of International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium Surveillance Online System. During baseline, we performed outcome surveillance of VAP applying the definitions of the Centers for Disease Control andPrevention's National Healthcare Safety Network...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328321/anti-waveguiding-vertical-cavity-surface-emitting-laser-at-850-nm-from-concept-to-advances-in-high-speed-data-transmission
#6
N N Ledentsov, V A Shchukin, V P Kalosha, N N Ledentsov, J-R Kropp, M Agustin, Ł Chorchos, G Stępniak, J P Turkiewicz, J-W Shi
Oxide-confined vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) with anti-waveguiding AlAs-rich core presently attract a lot of attention. Anti-waveguiding cavity enables the maximum possible optical confinement of the VCSEL mode ("λ/2 design"), increases its oscillator strength and reduces dramatically the optical power accumulated in the VCSEL mesa regions outside the aperture. VCSEL designs are suggested that favor single transverse mode operation. Modeling including current-induced and absorption-induced overheating shows that the preference for the transverse fundamental mode persists up to 10 mA current at 5 µm aperture diameter...
January 8, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328264/mid-infrared-supercontinuum-generation-from-1-6-to-11%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m-using-concatenated-step-index-fluoride-and-chalcogenide-fibers
#7
Ramon A Martinez, Genevieve Plant, Kaiwen Guo, Brian Janiszewski, Michael J Freeman, Robert L Maynard, Mohammed N Islam, Fred L Terry, Oseas Alvarez, Francois Chenard, Robert Bedford, Ricky Gibson, Agustin I Ifarraguerri
We demonstrate an all-fiber supercontinuum source that generates a continuous spectrum from 1.6 μm to >11  μm with 417 mW on-time average power at 33% duty cycle. By utilizing a master oscillator power amplifier pump with three amplification stages and concatenating solid core ZBLAN, arsenic sulfide, and arsenic selenide fibers, we shift 1550 nm light to ∼4.5  μm, ∼6.5  μm, and >11  μm, respectively. With 69 mW past 7.5 μm, this source provides both high power and broad spectral expansion, while outputting a single fundamental mode...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327385/ultrathin-semiconductor-superabsorbers-from-the-visible-to-the-near-infrared
#8
Pau Molet, Juan Luis Garcia-Pomar, Cristiano Matricardi, Miquel Garriga, Maria Isabel Alonso, Agustín Mihi
The design of ultrathin semiconducting materials that achieve broadband absorption is a long-sought-after goal of crucial importance for optoelectronic applications. To date, attempts to tackle this problem consisted either of the use of strong-but narrowband-or broader-but moderate-light-trapping mechanisms. Here, a strategy that achieves broadband optimal absorption in arbitrarily thin semiconductor materials for all energies above their bandgap is presented. This stems from the strong interplay between Brewster modes, sustained by judiciously nanostructured thin semiconductors on metal films, and photonic crystal modes...
January 12, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326803/treatment-of-early-stages-hodgkin-lymphoma-during-pregnancy
#9
Agustin Avilés, Maria-Jesus Nambo, Natividad Neri
Background: To assess maternal and fetal outcome of women and newborns who received chemotherapy during pregnancy to treat Hodgkin lymphoma (HL)in early stages (IA, IIA), we performed a retrospective analysis of a cohort of 44 pregnant women with HL and early stages, diagnosed and treated between 1988 to 2013, at a tertiary reference cancer center. Methods: We analyzed data on HL characteristics and treatment, with a particular attention to maternal and fetal complications; in children, we performed a longer follow-up to detect any anomaly in physical development, scholar performance, psychological, cardiac, neurological function, and intelligence tests...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320490/the-glutamine-synthetase-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-is-required-for-its-resistance-to-ammonium-accumulation-and-evasion-of-the-parasitophorous-vacuole-during-host-cell-infection
#10
Marcell Crispim, Flávia Silva Damasceno, Agustín Hernández, María Julia Barisón, Ismael Pretto Sauter, Raphael Souza Pavani, Alexandre Santos Moura, Elizabeth Mieko Furusho Pral, Mauro Cortez, Maria Carolina Elias, Ariel Mariano Silber
Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease, consumes glucose and amino acids depending on the environmental availability of each nutrient during its complex life cycle. For example, amino acids are the major energy and carbon sources in the intracellular stages of the T. cruzi parasite, but their consumption produces an accumulation of NH4+ in the environment, which is toxic. These parasites do not have a functional urea cycle to secrete excess nitrogen as low-toxicity waste. Glutamine synthetase (GS) plays a central role in regulating the carbon/nitrogen balance in the metabolism of most living organisms...
January 10, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320219/modified-latarjet-without-capsulolabral-repair-in-rugby-players-with-recurrent-anterior-glenohumeral-instability-and-significant-glenoid-bone-loss
#11
Maximiliano Ranalletta, Luciano A Rossi, Agustin Bertona, Ignacio Tanoira, Ignacio Alonso Hidalgo, Gastón D Maignon, Santiago L Bongiovanni
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of recurrent anterior shoulder instability with significant glenoid bone loss in high-demand collision athletes remains a challenge. PURPOSE: To analyze the time to return to sport, clinical outcomes, and recurrences following a modified Latarjet procedure without capsulolabral repair in rugby players with recurrent anterior shoulder instability and significant glenoid bone loss. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319020/rib-desmoplastic-fibroblastoma-video-assisted-resection
#12
Agustin Buero, Walter Sebastian Nardi, Gustavo Alejandro Lyons, Pablo Dezanzo
A 46-year-old man was referred to our department due to chronic chest pain. A computed tomography showed an exophytic image arising from 5th rib that was projected on the middle lobule. The patient underwent an exploratory videothoracoscopic because we couldn't discard lung compromise. A corneal-like lesion emerging from the inner side of the 5th rib was revealed. Complete video-assited resection was done. Histopathology examination revealed a desmoplastic fibroblastoma. To our knowledge this is the first case of desmoplastic fibroblastoma arising from a rib and the second case published in all literature of chest wall involvement...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318927/cost-effectiveness-of-evaluation-of-children-with-epilepsy-in-the-emergency-department-need-for-investment-in-patient-education
#13
Karen S Carvalho, Anthony L Fine, Christopher J Haines, Ignacio Valencia, Divya S Khurana, Agustin Legido
We aimed to study cost-effectiveness of seizure evaluation of children with epilepsy in the emergency department (ED). We reviewed epilepsy patients seen at our ED for 1 year. Age, laboratory and neuroimaging results, treatment, disposition, and usefulness of the visit (need for hospitalization, clinical improvement) were analyzed. We identified 330 patients, aged 23 days-21 years, 190 (57.5%) had blood tests, 45 (13.6%) urinalysis, 2 (0.6%) cerebrospinal fluid testing, and 44 neuroimaging studies (13.3%)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318581/prostanoids-for-critical-limb-ischaemia
#14
REVIEW
Valeria Vietto, Juan Va Franco, Victoria Saenz, Denise Cytryn, Jose Chas, Agustín Ciapponi
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease in the general population. Although numerous treatments have been adopted for patients at different disease stages, no option other than amputation is available for patients presenting with critical limb ischaemia (CLI) unsuitable for rescue or reconstructive intervention. In this regard, prostanoids have been proposed as a therapeutic alternative, with the aim of increasing blood supply to the limb with occluded arteries through their vasodilatory, antithrombotic, and anti-inflammatory effects...
January 10, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317881/neospora-caninum-infection-during-the-first-gestation-of-holstein-heifers-that-consume-food-contaminated-naturally-with-zearalenone-under-field-conditions
#15
Carlos Cruz-Vázquez, Juan Vital-Gutiérrez, Leticia Medina-Esparza, Luis Ortega-Mora, Arturo Valdivia-Flores, Teódulo Quezada-Tristán, Agustín Orihuela-Trujillo
Background: This work studied the natural infection of Neospora caninum during the first gestation of heifers in a dairy farm in animals consuming a ration co ntaminated naturally with Zearalenone (ZEA), and to find out effect of mycotoxin in the levels of estrogen (E) and progesterone (P4) and that's relation to the infection to N. caninum and in the abortions. Methods: The study was conducted in a dairy farm located in El Llano municipality, in Aguascalientes, Mexico, in 2013...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316302/oxygen-supply-did-not-affect-how-lizards-responded-to-thermal-stress
#16
Agustin Camacho Guerrero, John M VandenBrooks, Angela Riley, Rory S Telemeco, Michael J Angilletta
Zoologists rely on mechanistic niche models of behavioral thermoregulation to understand how animals respond to climate change. These models predict that species will need to disperse to higher altitudes to persist in a warmer world. However, thermal stress and thus thermoregulatory behavior may depend on atmospheric oxygen as well as environmental temperatures. Severe hypoxia causes animals to prefer lower body temperatures, which could be interpreted as evidence that oxygen supply limits heat tolerance. Such a constraint could prevent animals from successfully dispersing to high elevations during climate change...
January 9, 2018: Integrative Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315575/the-appswe-ps1a246e-mutations-in-an-astrocytic-cell-line-leads-to-increased-vulnerability-to-oxygen-and-glucose-deprivation-ca2-dysregulation-and-mitochondrial-abnormalities
#17
María Dolores Martin-de-Saavedra, Elisa Navarro, Ana J Moreno-Ortega, Mauricio P Cunha, Izaskun Buendia, Pablo Hernansanz-Agustín, Rafael León, María F Cano-Abad, Antonio Martínez-Ruiz, Ricardo Martínez-Murillo, Michael R Duchen, Manuela G López
Growing evidence suggests a close relationship between Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and cerebral hypoxia. Astrocytes play a key role in brain homeostasis and disease states, while some of the earliest changes in AD occur in astrocytes. We have therefore asked whether mutations associated with AD increase astrocyte vulnerability to ischemia. Two astroglioma cell lines derived from APPSWE /PS1A246E (APP, amyloid precursor protein; PS1, presenilin 1) transgenic mice and controls from normal mice were subjected to oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD), an in vitro model of ischemia...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313148/rapid-prototyping-prosthetic-hand-acting-by-a-low-cost-shape-memory-alloy-actuator
#18
Enrique Soriano-Heras, Fernando Blaya-Haro, Carlos Molino, José María de Agustín Del Burgo
The purpose of this article is to develop a new concept of modular and operative prosthetic hand based on rapid prototyping and a novel shape-memory-alloy (SMA) actuator, thus minimizing the manufacturing costs. An underactuated mechanism was needed for the design of the prosthesis to use only one input source. Taking into account the state of the art, an underactuated mechanism prosthetic hand was chosen so as to implement the modifications required for including the external SMA actuator. A modular design of a new prosthesis was developed which incorporated a novel SMA actuator for the index finger movement...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308699/posterior-cortical-atrophy-a-single-case-cognitive-and-radiological-follow-up
#19
Sol Esteves, Diana Andrea Ramirez Romero, Teresa Torralva, Macarena Martínez Cuitiño, Shannon Herndon, Blas Couto, Agustín Ibañez, Facundo Manes, María Roca
Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) is a rare neurodegenerative syndrome characterized by initial predominant visuoperceptual deficits followed by a progressive decline in other cognitive functions. This syndrome has not been as thoroughly described as other dementias, particularly from a neuropsychological evolution perspective with only a few studies describing the evolution of its cognitive progression. In this investigation we review the literature on this rare condition and we perform a 7-year neuropsychological and neuroradiological follow-up of a 64-year-old man with PCA...
January 8, 2018: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308573/exposure-and-risk-analysis-to-particulate-matter-metals-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-at-different-workplaces-in-argentina
#20
Jorge Esteban Colman Lerner, Maria Lucila Elordi, Marcos Agustin Orte, Daniela Giuliani, Maria de Los Angeles Gutierrez, EricaYanina Sanchez, Jorge Enrique Sambeth, Atilio Andres Porta
In order to estimate air quality at work environments from small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), we determined both the concentration of particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) and the presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), as the heavy metals in the composition of the particulate matter. Three SMEs located in the city of La Plata, Argentina, were selected: an electromechanical repair and car painting center (ERCP), a sewing work room (SWR), and a chemical analysis laboratory (CAL). The results evidenced high levels of PM exceeding the limits allowed by the USEPA and the presence of benzo(k)fluoranthene in all the analyzed sites and benzo(a)pyrene in the most contaminated site (ERCP)...
January 7, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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