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Endotracheal intubation

Hua-Wei Huang, Li-Mei Yan, Yan-Lin Yang, Xuan He, Xiu-Mei Sun, Yu-Mei Wang, Guo-Bin Zhang, Jian-Xin Zhou
Postoperative agitation frequently occurs after general anesthesia and may be associated with serious consequences. However, studies in neurosurgical patients have been inadequate. We aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors for early postoperative agitation in patients after craniotomy, specifically focusing on the association between postoperative pneumocephalus and agitation. Adult intensive care unit admitted patients after elective craniotomy under general anesthesia were consecutively enrolled...
2018: PloS One
Benoit Jacques Bibas, Paulo Francisco Guerreiro Cardoso, Helio Minamoto, Paulo Manoel Pêgo-Fernandes
Benign tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) results from an abnormal communication between the posterior wall of the trachea or bronchi and the adjacent anterior wall of the esophagus. It can be acquired or congenital. The onset of the TEF has a negative impact on the patient's health status and quality of life because of swallowing difficulties, recurrent aspiration pneumonia, and severe weight loss. Several acquired conditions may cause TEF. The most frequent is prolonged orotracheal intubation (75% of the cases)...
June 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
Teresa A Volsko, Neil L McNinch, Donald S Prough, Michael T Bigham
BACKGROUND: Adherence to guidelines for endotracheal tube (ETT) insertion depth may not be sufficient to prevent malposition or harm to the patient. To obtain an estimate of ETT malpositioning, we evaluated initial postintubation chest radiographs and hypothesized that many ETTs in multiple intubation settings would be malpositioned despite adherence to Pediatric Advanced Life Support and Neonatal Resuscitation Program guidelines. METHODS: In a random subset (randomization table) of 2,000 initial chest radiographs obtained from January 1, 2009, to May 5, 2012, we recorded height, weight, age, sex, ETT inner diameter, and cm marking at the lip from the electronic health record...
July 17, 2018: Respiratory Care
Wei-Qiang Chen, Na Guo, Shan-Shan Wang, Ren Wang, Fei Huang, Shang-Rong Li
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perioperative outcomes and hemodynamic effects at induction of general laryngeal mask airway (LMA) anesthesia with lumbar plexus-sciatic nerve block (LPSB) and general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation (ET) in elderly patients undergoing hip surgery. METHODS: A total of 63 patients having open reduction internal fixation of an intertrochanteric fracture were randomly assigned to receive LMA anesthesia with LPSB or general anesthesia with ET...
July 7, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Yuki Shindo, Shinichi Toda, Kanta Kido, Eiji Masaki
Introduction: Intubation can sometimes be difficult in patients with lesions in the mouth floor. Ameloblastoma is a frequently encountered tumor of the maxillofacial area. An extensive lesion might occupy the floor of the mouth, prevent displacement of the tongue, limiting the space for inserting a laryngoscope blade and resulting in difficult intubation even with fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Case presentation: A 66-year-old man (67 kg; 171 cm) with a mental swelling was diagnosed with ameloblastoma and scheduled for surgical resection...
August 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Joanna M Le Parc, Jason J Bischof, Andrew M King, Sarah Greenberger, David P Way, Ashish R Panchal, Geoffrey I Finnegan, Thomas E Terndrup
Introduction: Emergency endotracheal intubation (ETI) is a common and critical procedure performed in both prehospital and in-hospital settings. Studies of prehospital providers have demonstrated that rescuer position influences ETI outcomes. However, studies of in-hospital rescuer position for ETI are limited. While we adhere to strict standards for the administration of ETI, we posited that perhaps requiring in-hospital rescuers to stand for ETI is an obstacle to effectiveness. Our objective was to compare in-hospital emergency medicine (EM) trainees' performance on ETI delivered from both the seated and standing positions...
July 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Bruce Benjamin
Laryngeal trauma from prolonged endotracheal intubation occurs in patients of all ages. Most changes are superficial and heal quickly. Injuries that are found consistently during intubation include nonspecific changes, edema, granulation tissue, ulceration, and othermiscellaneous injuries. In thispapersignificant, severe, and lasting trauma of the larynx has been classified on thebasis of theknown factors in pathogenesis, observations made atendoscopy, and photographic documentation. This classification has required introduction of new descriptive terminology: "tongues of granulation tissue," "ulcerated troughs," "healed furrows," and "healed fibrous nodule...
August 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Lars Michel, Pia Stock, Christos Rammos, Matthias Totzeck, Tienush Rassaf, Ulrike B Hendgen-Cotta
Acute myocardial infarction can lead to acute heart failure and cardiogenic shock. The evaluation of hemodynamics is critical for the evaluation of any potential therapeutic approach directed against acute left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Current imaging modalities (e.g., echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging) have several limitations since data on LV pressure cannot directly be measured. LV catheterization in mice undergoing coronary artery occlusion could serve as a novel method for a real-time evaluation of LV function...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Yuko Ono, Koichi Tanigawa, Takeyasu Kakamu, Kazuaki Shinohara, Ken Iseki
OBJECTIVE: Clinical procedural experience and confidence are both important when performing complex medical procedures. Since out-of-hospital endotracheal intubation (ETI) is a complex intervention, we sought to clarify clinical ETI experience among prehospital rescuers as well as their confidence in performing ETI and confidence-associated factors. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study conducted from January to September 2017. SETTING: Northern Japan, including eight prefectures...
July 13, 2018: BMJ Open
Basar Erdivanli, Ahmet Sen, Sule Batcik, Tolga Koyuncu, Hizir Kazdal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We compared the efficiency of the King Vision video laryngoscope and the Macintosh laryngoscope, when used by experienced anesthesiologists on adult patients with varying intubating conditions, in a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial. METHODS: A total of 388 patients with an American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status of I or II, scheduled for general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. Each patient was intubated with both laryngoscopes successively, in a randomized order...
July 10, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Wenjun Liu, Qian Huang, Duomao Lin, Liyun Zhao, Jun Ma
Background: Mechanical ventilation, especially large tidal volume (Vt) one-lung ventilation (OLV), can cause ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) that can stimulate cytokines. Meanwhile, cytokines are considered very important factor influencing coronary heart disease (CHD) patient prognosis. So minimization of pulmonary inflammatory responses by reduction of cytokine levels for CHD undergoing lung resection during OLV should be a priority. Because previous studies have demonstrated that lung-protective ventilation (LPV) reduced lung inflammation, this ventilation approach was studied for CHD patients undergoing lung resection here to evaluate the effects of LPV on pulmonary inflammatory responses...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
X G Niu, K P Liu, X F Ren, J Li
Objective: To analyze the clinical applications of high frequency jet ventilation(HFJV) in cryotherapy of the trachea and bronchial neoplasms by the rigid bronchoscope. Methods: The clinical data of 35 patients who were treated with tracheal neoplasms cryotherapy by the rigid bronchoscopy under HFJV were collected in China-Japan Friendship Hospital from August 2008 to February 2015.Under general anesthesia, HFJV was used in all patients. The mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rates (HR), pulse oxygen saturation (SpO(2)), results of arterial blood gas analysis and the incidence of complications during the procedure were recorded...
June 26, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Filomena S Lombardi, Antonella Cotoia, Rocco Petta, Marcus Schultz, Gilda Cinnella, Janneke Horn
INTRODUCTION: Extubation failure (EF) refers to the inability to maintain spontaneous breathing after removal of endotracheal tube. The aim of this review is to identify the best parameter to predict EF in adult intensive care patients. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched for publications in PubMed (2000-2016). Studies of patients intubated and mechanically ventilated for more than 24 hours were included and divided in groups basing on the extubation method. 2x2 tables were performed to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity and the predictive values only for those parameters investigated in more than three studies...
July 9, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
Dominique N Price, Pavan Muttil
Pulmonary delivery in animal models can be performed using either direct administration methods or by passive inhalation. Direct pulmonary delivery requires the animal to be endotracheally intubated, whereas passive delivery uses a nose-only or a whole-body chamber. Endotracheal delivery of therapeutics and vaccines allows investigators to deliver the payload directly into the lung without the limitations associated with passive pulmonary administration methods. Additionally, endotracheal delivery can achieve deep lung delivery without the involvement of other exposure routes and is more reproducible and quantitative than passive pulmonary delivery in terms of accurate dosing...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Bingdong Tao, Kun Liu, Dandan Wang, Yiming Liu, Hong Yin
BACKGROUND: GlideScope video laryngoscope (GS) has been widely used to facilitate tracheal intubation in adults and pediatric patients because it can improve glottic view. Several investigations performed in pediatric patients have shown that GS provides a better view of the glottis than direct laryngoscope (DL). However, to date, there are no studies assessing the use of GS in neonates. Therefore, we conducted a prospective study to compare time to intubate (TTI) when either GS or DL was used for endotracheal intubation in neonates...
July 6, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Yuko Ono, Takeyasu Kakamu, Hiroaki Kikuchi, Yusuke Mori, Yui Watanabe, Kazuaki Shinohara
The aim of this study was to determine complication rates and possible risk factors of expert-performed endotracheal intubation (ETI) in patients with trauma, in both the prehospital setting and the emergency department. We also investigated how the occurrence of ETI-related complications affected the survival of trauma patients. This single-center retrospective observational study included all injured patients who underwent anesthesiologist-performed ETI from 2007 to 2017. ETI-related complications were defined as hypoxemia, unrecognized esophageal intubation, regurgitation, cardiac arrest, ETI failure rescued by emergency surgical airway, dental trauma, cuff leak, and mainstem bronchus intubation...
2018: Emergency Medicine International
Ji-Hye Kwon, Young Hee Shin, Nam-Su Gil, Hyean Yeo, Ji Seon Jeong
The narrowest portions of the pediatric larynx are the glottis and subglottic region. However, the pliable and paralyzed subglottic region, acting like a curtain, is no resistance when passing an endotracheal tube. Therefore, the 'functionally' portion of the pediatric upper airway, which may be the most vulnerable to damage during intubation, is the unyielding portion below the cricoid cartilage. We investigated the functionally-narrowest portion below the cricoid cartilage.Computed tomography (CT) was performed under deep sedation...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Georg M Schmölzer, Charles Christoph C Roehr
BACKGROUND: The success rate of correct endotracheal tube (ETT) placement for junior medical staff is less than 50% and accidental oesophageal intubation is common. Rapid confirmation of correct tube placement is important because tube malposition is associated with serious adverse outcomes including hypoxaemia, death, pneumothorax and right upper lobe collapse.ETT position can be confirmed using chest radiography, but this is often delayed; hence, a number of rapid point-of-care methods to confirm correct tube placement have been developed...
July 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Camiel A Wijngaarde, Marloes Stam, Floor A S de Kort, Renske I Wadman, W Ludo van der Pol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Hannah Kinoshita, Leon Grant, Konstantine Xoinis, Prashant J Purohit
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is rarely reported in pediatric patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). We report this case of a 16-year-old female with new onset diabetes presenting with DKA, who received aggressive fluid resuscitation and sodium bicarbonate in the emergency department. Later she developed altered mental status concerning for cerebral edema and received hyperosmolar therapy with only transient improvement. Soon she became apneic requiring emergent endotracheal intubation. MRI brain showed cerebral edema, CPM, and subdural hemorrhage...
2018: Case Reports in Critical Care
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