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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414479/group-education-sessions-for-women-veterans-who-experienced-sexual-violence-qualitative-findings
#1
Joanna Dognin, Erica Sedlander, Melanie Jay, Veronica Ades
INTRODUCTION: The impact of sexual violence (SV) on mental health, self-care, and interpersonal relationships is profound and poses special challenges to health care delivery. Reproductive health care merits special attention because the care required may be linked to reminders of past abuse. We explored facilitators and barriers affecting the use of reproductive health services among women veterans with a history of SV. METHOD: Between June and September 2015, we conducted 2 focus groups and 3 general education sessions with 27 female veterans with a history of SV at 1 medical center...
April 17, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406598/factors-associated-with-sex-work-involvement-among-transgender-women-in-jamaica-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Carmen H Logie, Ying Wang, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Nicolette Jones, Uzma Ahmed, Kandasi Levermore, Ava Neil, Tyrone Ellis, Nicolette Bryan, Annecka Marshall, Peter A Newman
INTRODUCTION: Transgender women are disproportionately impacted by HIV. Transgender women involved in sex work may experience exacerbated violence, social exclusion, and HIV vulnerabilities, in comparison with non-sex work-involved transgender women. Scant research has investigated sex work among transgender women in the Caribbean, including Jamaica, where transgender women report pervasive violence. The study objective was to examine factors associated with sex work involvement among transgender women in Jamaica...
April 6, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398912/sharp-force-trauma-death-in-a-young-individual-from-medieval-gloucester
#3
Satu Valoriani, Constantine Eliopoulos, Matteo Borrini
The authors of the present work evaluate the trauma observed on the skeletal remains of an individual from medieval Gloucester and reconstruct the events that led to his death. The almost complete skeleton was recovered from the cemetery of St Owen and dates to the late medieval period. Several methods were used to determine the sex and age of the individual. The anthropological examination showed that the remains belonged to a young male, between the ages of 17 and 19 years. The young man also had antemortem pathologies that were related to his diet and lifestyle, as he appears to have had iron-deficiency anemia and Schmorl nodes...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395357/development-of-the-safety-score-a-clinical-screening-tool-for-predicting-future-firearm-violence-risk
#4
Jason E Goldstick, Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Linda L Dahlberg, Steven A Sumner, Marc A Zimmerman, Rebecca M Cunningham
Background: Interpersonal firearm violence among youth is a substantial public health problem, and emergency department (ED) physicians require a clinical screening tool to identify high-risk youth. Objective: To derive a clinically feasible risk index for firearm violence. Design: 24-month prospective cohort study. Setting: Urban level 1 ED. Participants: Substance-using youths, age 14 to 24 years, seeking ED care for an assault-related injury and a proportionately sampled group of non-assault-injured youth enrolled from September 2009 through December 2011...
April 11, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395046/a-qualitative-study-of-survival-strategies-used-by-low-income-black-women-who-experience-intimate-partner-violence
#5
Noelle M St Vil, Bushra Sabri, Vania Nwokolo, Kamila A Alexander, Jacquelyn C Campbell
Women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) are often portrayed as helpless victims. Yet many women who experience IPV implement strategies to help them survive the abuse. This qualitative study sought to explore the survivor strategies used by low-income black women who experience IPV. Authors used a semistructured interview guide to survey 26 survivors who reported being in an IPV relationship in the past two years. Thematic analysis revealed three types of survivor strategies used by low-income black women: (1) internal (use of religion and becoming self-reliant), (2) interpersonal (leave the abuser or fight back), and (3) external (reliance on informal, formal, or both kinds of sources of support)...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394718/psychosocial-risk-and-protective-factors-for-depression-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-queer-youth-a-systematic-review
#6
William J Hall
Many lesbian, gay, bisexual, or queer (LGBQ) youth suffer from depression. Identifying modifiable risk and protective factors for depression can inform the development of psychosocial interventions. The aim of this review is to evaluate the methodological characteristics and summarize the substantive findings of studies examining psychosocial risk and protective factors for depression among LGBQ youth. Eight bibliographic databases were searched, and 35 studies that met all inclusion criteria were included for review...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394506/lithium-levels-in-tap-water-and-the-mental-health-problems-of-adolescents-an-individual-level-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Shuntaro Ando, Shinsuke Koike, Shinji Shimodera, Ryosuke Fujito, Ken Sawada, Takeshi Terao, Toshi A Furukawa, Tsukasa Sasaki, Shimpei Inoue, Nozomu Asukai, Yuji Okazaki, Atsushi Nishida
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between lithium level in tap water and mental health problems, including depressive symptoms, anxiety, and aggressive and suicidal behaviors, in a general population of adolescents using a large individual-level dataset. METHODS: A school-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in Kochi Prefecture in Japan between 2008 and 2009. Students in 24 public junior high schools were asked to anonymously complete a self-report questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391069/insulin-and-glucagon-in-plasma-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-in-suicide-attempters-and-healthy-controls
#8
Marie Bendix, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Maria Petersson, Viktor Kaldo, Marie Åsberg, Jussi Jokinen
Mental disorders and related behaviors such as suicidality and violence have been associated to dysregulation of e g carbohydrate metabolism. We hypothesized that patients after suicide attempt, compared to healthy controls, would have higher insulin and lower glucagon levels in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid and that these changes would be associated to violent behavior. Twenty-eight medication-free patients (10 women, 18 men), hospitalized after suicide attempt, and 19 healthy controls (7 women, 12 men) were recruited with the aim to study risk factors for suicidal behavior...
March 23, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383978/toward-a-psychology-of-humiliation-in-asymmetric-conflict
#9
Clark McCauley
Humiliation is often cited in attempts to understand the origins of asymmetric conflicts, especially conflicts involving terrorism. This article reviews common usage, expert opinion, and experiences in interpersonal and intergroup conflicts to suggest a construct definition of humiliation as a combination of anger and shame. Following appraisal theory, this definition distinguishes between the situational appraisals associated with humiliation (insult and injury; failure to retaliate) and the emotional experience of humiliation (in which the combination of anger and shame may be more synergism than summation)...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380289/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-accelerated-aging-ptsd-and-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-a-sample-of-civilian-women
#10
Andrea L Roberts, Karestan C Koenen, Qixuan Chen, Paola Gilsanz, Susan M Mason, Jennifer Prescott, Andrew Ratanatharathorn, Eric B Rimm, Jennifer A Sumner, Ashley Winning, Immaculata De Vivo, Laura D Kubzansky
BACKGROUND: Studies in male combat veterans have suggested posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with shorter telomere length (TL). We examined the cross-sectional association of PTSD with TL in women exposed to traumas common in civilian life. METHODS: Data are from a substudy of the Nurses' Health Study II (N = 116). PTSD and subclinical PTSD were assessed in trauma-exposed women using diagnostic interviews. An array of health behaviors and conditions were assessed...
April 5, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379816/improving-family-medicine-with-thoughtful-research
#11
EDITORIAL
Anne Victoria Neale, Marjorie A Bowman, Dean A Seehusen
This issue is about improving primary health care outcomes, from behavioral health to opioid issues to diagnosing hypertension to providing hope for childhood obesity. It includes hints for integrating behavioral health and care managers into family medicine practices. Opiate prescribing practices vary considerably between Japan and the United States, with helpful insights for our opiate abuse epidemic. Suicidality is high among patients taking opiates. Diagnosing hypertension the recommended way is not easily accomplished...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367257/sexual-minority-youth-of-color-a-content-analysis-and-critical-review-of-the-literature
#12
Russell B Toomey, Virginia W Huynh, Samantha K Jones, Sophia Lee, Michelle Revels-Macalinao
This study analyzed the content of 125 unique reports published since 1990 that have examined the health and well-being-as well as the interpersonal and contextual experiences-of sexual minority youth of color (SMYoC). One-half of reports sampled only young men, 73% were noncomparative samples of sexual minority youth, and 68% of samples included multiple racial-ethnic groups (i.e., 32% of samples were mono-racial/ethnic). Most reports focused on health-related outcomes (i.e., sexual and mental health, substance use), while substantially fewer attended to normative developmental processes (i...
2017: Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351880/preventing-peer-violence-against-children-methods-and-baseline-data-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-pakistan
#13
Judith McFarlane, Rozina Karmaliani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Saleema Gulzar, Rozina Somani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Yasmeen H Somani, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Ryan D Krone, Rene M Paulson, Atta Muhammad, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Violence against and among children is a global public health problem that annually affects 50% of youth worldwide with major impacts on child development, education, and health including increased probability of major causes of morbidity and mortality in adulthood. It is also associated with the experience of and perpetration of later violence against women. The aim of this article is to describe the intervention, study design, methods, and baseline findings of a cluster randomized controlled trial underway in Pakistan to evaluate a school-based play intervention aiming to reduce peer violence and enhance mental health...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343446/responding-to-aggression-and-reactive-behaviours-in-the-home
#14
Rachel V Herron, Mark W Rosenberg
Behaviours such as hitting, spitting, swearing and kicking can be a common response to personal, social and environmental challenges experienced by people with dementia. Little attention, however, has been given to how partners in care experience and respond to these behaviours in the home. This paper examines the emerging theme of 'aggression,' in seven interviews with nine former partners in care of people with dementia in Ontario, Canada. We explore how partners in care talk about, interpret and respond to these behaviours drawing on recent conceptualizations of structural and interpersonal violence in health and social geography and contributing to the growing body of research on relational care...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339991/seeing-deaths-resulting-from-interpersonal-violence-as-a-function-of-state-violence-time-for-a-health-disparities-paradigm-shift
#15
Llewellyn J Cornelius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333477/perceived-discrimination-cultural-identity-development-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-a-sample-of-hispanic-young-adults
#16
Myriam Forster, Timothy J Grigsby, Daniel W Soto, Steve Y Sussman, Jennifer B Unger
OBJECTIVE: Despite the prevalence of interpersonal violence (IPV), scientific understanding of the risk and protective factors for unidirectional and bidirectional IPV, and especially the role of sociocultural variables in these behaviors, is limited. This study investigates the association between ethnic-identity search, ethnic-identity affirmation, perceived discrimination, and unidirectional (victimization only, perpetration only) and bidirectional (reciprocal violence) IPV behaviors among foreign-born and U...
March 23, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326453/violent-trauma-recidivism-does-all-violence-escalate
#17
R M Nygaard, A P Marek, S R Daly, J M Van Camp
PURPOSE: Rates of trauma patients presenting with history of prior trauma range from 25 to 44%. Outcomes involving recidivists in the setting of intentional trauma, especially penetrating trauma, are conflicting. We hypothesized that if violence does escalate with successive incidence, then injuries due to successive violence should escalate or become increasingly severe with successive admissions. METHODS: The trauma registry from an urban level I adult and pediatric trauma center was queried for injuries due to blunt assault, stabbing, and firearm injury...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320355/severe-war-related-trauma-and-personality-pathology-a-case-control-study
#18
Jasna Munjiza, Dolores Britvic, Maja Radman, Mike J Crawford
BACKGROUND: Exposure to war-related trauma has long been recognised to have an adverse effect on mental health. We attempted to investigate whether people who have clinically significant personality-related problems 15 years after a war are more likely to have been exposed to severe war-related trauma than those who do not have significant personality difficulties. METHODS: A case -control study was conducted in southern Croatia, fifteen years after the 1991-1995 war...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315981/the-development-of-severe-and-chronic-violence-among-youth-the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-and-reward-processing
#19
Dennis E Reidy, Elizabeth Krusemark, David S Kosson, Megan C Kearns, Joanne Smith-Darden, Kent A Kiehl
Psychopathic traits are a manifestation of a personality pathology that comprises a core affective-interpersonal dysfunction (callous-unemotional traits) and an impulsive-antisocial behavioral component. Of particular importance, psychopathic traits are associated with the perpetration of some of the most severe acts of violence, and they appear to indicate a subset of youth at risk for earlier onset, greater frequency, and persistence of violent offending. Although these youth represent a minority of the population, they commit a significant proportion of the violence in the general community...
March 18, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314422/maxillofacial-and-mandibular-fractures-in-sports
#20
REVIEW
Christopher F Viozzi
Sports account for 3% to 29% of facial injuries and 10% to 42% of facial fractures. Fractures of the facial skeleton most commonly occur owing to interpersonal violence or motor vehicle crashes. Facial fractures from sporting activities has clearly decreased over time owing to better preventive measures. However, this decreasing trend is offset by the emergence of more dangerous sports activities, or "pushing the envelope" of traditional sports activities. Fractures can occur from contact between athletes, and between athletes and their surroundings...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
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