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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353245/new-who-violence-prevention-information-system-an-interactive-knowledge-platform-of-scientific-findings-on-violence
#1
REVIEW
Stephanie Burrows, Alexander Butchart, Nadia Butler, Zara Quigg, Mark A Bellis, Christopher Mikton
Scientific information on violence can be difficult to compile and understand. It is scattered across websites, databases, technical reports and academic journals, and rarely addresses all types of violence. In response, in October 2017 WHO released the Violence Prevention Information System or Violence Info, an online interactive collection of scientific information about the prevalence, consequences, risk factors and preventability of all forms of interpersonal violence. It covers homicide, child maltreatment, youth violence, intimate partner violence, elder abuse and sexual violence...
January 20, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352400/project-date-smart-a-dating-violence-dv-and-sexual-risk-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-with-prior-dv-exposure
#2
Christie J Rizzo, Meredith Joppa, David Barker, Charlene Collibee, Caron Zlotnick, Larry K Brown
This study assessed the initial feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an intervention aimed at reducing dating violence and sexual risk behavior in a sample of adolescent girls (ages 14-17) with prior exposure to physical dating violence (DV). One hundred and nine girls were randomly assigned to Date SMART (Skills to Manage Aggression in Relationships for Teens) or a Knowledge-only (KO) comparison group. Both intervention arms consisted of six, weekly 2-h sessions and one "booster" session 6 weeks later...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350571/intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-corresponds-to-a-dorsal-ventral-gradient-in-medial-pfc-reactivity-to-interpersonal-provocation
#3
David S Chester, C Nathan DeWall
Intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration is often preceded by perceived interpersonal provocations such as slights, insults, and rejections. Yet the neural mechanisms that link provocation to IPV remain unclear. In the context of interactions with strangers, the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) has been repeatedly shown to respond to provocation, with more dorsal activation associated with more aggressive reactions and more ventral activation associated with less aggressive reactions. We used functional brain imaging to test whether this dorsal-ventral MPFC reactivity gradient would also correlate with greater aggression towards an unexamined target: intimate partners...
January 19, 2018: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347837/child-maltreatment-and-physical-victimization-does-heavy-drinking-mediate-the-relationship
#4
Kathryn Z Smith, Philip H Smith, Lindsay M Oberleitner, Emily R Grekin, Sherry A McKee
Past studies examining the child maltreatment (CM)/victimization pathway have been limited by their focus on sexual victimization, narrow windows of assessment, and failure to examine gender differences. In the current study, we sought to examine (1) the impact of CM on physical victimization (PV) trajectories from adolescence to young adulthood and (2) the extent to which heavy drinking mediated the relationship between CM and later PV. Using three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we found that CM was associated with a 69% greater odds of later PV for both genders, after the inclusion of control variables, and that the risk continued into adulthood...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338922/alcohol-consumption-masculinity-and-alcohol-related-violence-and-anti-social-behaviour-in-sportspeople
#5
Kerry S O'Brien, Walter Forrest, Iain Greenlees, Daniel Rhind, Sophia Jowett, Ilana Pinsky, Albert Espelt, Marina Bosque-Prous, Anders Larrabee Sonderlund, Matteo Vergani, Muhammad Iqbal
OBJECTIVES: There is no research examining alcohol-related aggression and anti-social behaviour in UK or European sportspeople (athletes), and no research has examined relationships between masculinity, alcohol consumption, and alcohol-related aggression and antisocial behaviour in sportspeople (athletes). This study addresses this gap. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: A sample (N=2048; women=892, 44%) of in season sportspeople enrolled at UK universities (response 83%), completed measures of masculinity, alcohol consumption, within-sport (on-field) violence, and having been the perpetrator and/or victim of alcohol-related violent/aggressive and antisocial behaviour (e...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338660/social-ecological-factors-associated-with-selling-sex-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-jamaica-results-from-a-cross-sectional-tablet-based-survey
#6
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Kathleen S Kenny, Kandasi Levermore, Nicolette Jones, Stefan D Baral, Ying Wang, Annecka Marshall, Peter A Newman
BACKGROUND: Globally, men who have sex with men (MSM) experience social marginalization and criminalization that increase HIV vulnerability by constraining access to HIV prevention and care. People who sell sex also experience criminalization, rights violations, and violence, which elevate HIV exposure. MSM who sell sex may experience intersectional stigma and intensified social marginalization, yet have largely been overlooked in epidemiological and social HIV research. In Jamaica, where same sex practices and sex work are criminalized, scant research has investigated sex selling among MSM, including associations with HIV vulnerability...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332520/gender-based-violence-among-hiv-positive-women-in-kazakhstan-prevalence-types-and-associated-risk-and-protective-factors
#7
Tina Jiwatram-Negrón, Nabila El-Bassel, Sholpan Primbetova, Assel Terlikbayeva
This article examines the prevalence and associated multilevel risk and protective factors of intimate and nonintimate partner violence among a sample of 249 HIV-positive women in Kazakhstan. We found high prevalence of both lifetime intimate partner violence (52%) and nonintimate partner violence (30%). Together, nearly 60% experienced at least one incident of violence by either an intimate or nonintimate partner (gender-based violence [GBV]). In the multivariate analyses, we found associations between several individual, interpersonal, and socio-structural risk factors and GBV...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324301/depression-and-fatigue-in-multiple-sclerosis-relation-to-exposure-to-violence-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-immunomarkers
#8
Philip Brenner, Mathias Granqvist, Johan Königsson, Faiez Al Nimer, Fredrik Piehl, Jussi Jokinen
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neuroinflammatory condition characterized by chronic dysregulation of immune responses leading to repeated episodes of inflammation in the central nervous system. Depression and fatigue are common among MS patients, even in early disease phases, and the disease course can be negatively affected by stressful events. IL-6 and IL-8 have been associated with depression and stressful life events in non-MS patients. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between depression, fatigue, and exposure to violence, with IL-6 and IL-8 levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of MS patients...
January 4, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322159/interpersonal-violence-among-the-chalcolithic-and-bronze-ages-inhabitants-living-on-the-central-plateau-of-iran-a-voice-from-tepe-hissar
#9
Zahra Afshar, Charlotte Roberts, Andrew Millard
The site of Tepe Hissar (Iran) experienced widespread cultural and economic changes during the Chalcolithic and Bronze Ages (5th to the 2nd millennium B.C.). The discovery of evidence of burning, including charred human remains, the destruction of buildings (Periods II and III), and the presence of several mass-burials with comingling of human skeletal remains consisting of ten or more individuals (Period III), suggests interpersonal violence during these periods. The original excavator of Tepe Hissar, Erich Schmidt, suggested that phenomena such as war, massacres, epidemics, or similar catastrophes, may have been responsible for the excavated archaeological evidence...
January 10, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316458/self-reported-violent-ideation-and-its-link-to-interpersonal-violence-among-offenders-with-mental-disorders-and-general-psychiatric-patients
#10
Mats Persson, Joakim Sturup, Henrik Belfrage, Marianne Kristiansson
This study aims at comparing mentally disordered offenders and general psychiatric patients regarding violent ideation and at exploring its association with interpersonal violence. We recruited 200 detainees undergoing forensic psychiatric evaluation and 390 general psychiatric patients at discharge. At baseline, they were asked about violent ideation; at the 20-week follow-up, information about violent acts was gathered from crime conviction registry, interviews, and records. The lifetime prevalence of violent ideation was 32...
January 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313797/suicidality-and-other-health-risk-behaviors-among-female-youth-in-juvenile-detention
#11
Schnavia Smith Hatcher, Dione Moultrie King, Anne Nordberg, Dante Bryant, Christopher C Woolen
This study investigates suicidality and health-risk behaviors among female juvenile detainees and identifies the extent to which suicidal behaviors are correlated with other risky activities. This study also explores 12 health risk behaviors, their prevalence, and relative associations to suicidal behaviors within the sample-population. Researchers collected data from 104 female adolescents, ages 12 to 20, residing in a long-term, detention center in the southeastern region of the United States. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were utilized...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310741/childhood-interpersonal-violence-and-adult-alcohol-cannabis-and-tobacco-use-disorders-variation-by-race-ethnicity
#12
Jacquelyn L Meyers, Carolyn E Sartor, Kimberly B Werner, Karestan C Koenen, Bridget F Grant, Deborah Hasin
BACKGROUND: Exposure to child maltreatment has been shown to increase lifetime risk for substance use disorders (SUD). However, this has not been systematically examined among race/ethnic groups, for whom rates of exposure to assaultive violence and SUD differ. This study examined variation by race/ethnicity and gender in associations of alcohol (AUD), cannabis (CUD), and tobacco (TUD) use disorders with three types of childhood interpersonal violence (cIPV): physical abuse, sexual abuse, and witnessing parental violence...
January 9, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301563/factors-related-to-negative-feelings-experienced-by-emergency-department-patients-and-accompanying-persons-an-israeli-study
#13
Simha F Landau, Judy Bendalak, Gila Amitay, Ohad Marcus
BACKGROUND: Studies on hospital violence have emphasized the importance of staff- service recipient interaction in leading to violent incidents. These incidents are the extreme result of service recipients' frustration and anger in their interaction with staff. The aim of this study was to analyze factors related to negative experiences of emergency department (ED) patients and accompanying persons in Israeli hospitals. METHODS: Structured interviews with 692 participants in seven major general Israeli hospitals: 322 patients and 370 accompanying persons...
January 4, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295037/a-qualitative-meta-synthesis-of-interpersonal-violence-prevention-programs-focused-on-males
#14
Naiema Taliep, Sandy Lazarus, Anthony V Naidoo
Exceptionally high levels of interpersonal violence have triggered a call by many experts for the need to determine effective ways to address the onset and effects of exposure to interpersonal violence. The specific aim of this study was to identify and draw on existing promising practices to make a more informed decision on strategies to develop a contextually relevant intervention that focused on the promotion of positive forms of masculinity to create safety and peace. This study used a qualitative meta-synthesis (QMS) technique to integrate and interpret findings from various intervention studies that focused on males and/or gender...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295025/does-gender-matter-an-exploratory-study-of-cultural-betrayal-trauma-and-hallucinations-in-latino-undergraduates-at-a-predominantly-white-university
#15
Jennifer M Gómez
Violence victimization, such as physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, has been linked with hallucinations. How abuse-related distress manifests is dependent on a host of factors, including gender, ethnicity, and societal inequality. Cultural betrayal trauma theory may provide insight into hallucinatory experiences for Latinos in the United States, as it is a contextualized framework that identifies societal trauma (e.g., discrimination) as a contributor to the harm of within-group interpersonal violence victimization in minority populations...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295024/moderating-effects-of-resilience-on-depression-psychological-distress-and-suicidal-ideation-associated-with-interpersonal-violence
#16
Lisa Fedina, Boyoung Nam, Hyun-Jin Jun, Roma Shah, Tara Von Mach, Charlotte L Bright, Jordan DeVylder
Resilience has been found to attenuate the effects of negative mental health symptomology associated with interpersonal victimization; however, existing research has largely focused on resilience traits, such as individual cognitive and environmental factors that promote resilience. In addition, empirical knowledge on the extent to which resilience mitigates suicidal symptomology associated with interpersonal violence victimization is particularly limited. This study assesses whether the relationship between interpersonal violence (i...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295016/cyberbullying-among-adolescents-the-influence-of-different-modes-of-inquiry
#17
Sandra Brochado, Sílvia Fraga, Sara Soares, Elisabete Ramos, Henrique Barros
The use of different modes of inquiry about interpersonal violence experiences may result in different frequency estimates. Thus, we measured the frequency and identified the factors associated with cyberbullying among urban school-going adolescents using different tools. Participants were enrolled at the four largest public schools in Porto for seventh- to 12th-grade students and were evaluated during the 2014-2015 academic year. We studied 2,624 adolescents (1,186 males and 1,438 females), 60% of all eligible students...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295007/a-study-of-the-impact-of-screening-for-poly-victimization-in-juvenile-justice-the-rocky-road-to-a-successful-investigation-in-the-real-world
#18
Julian D Ford, Keith R Cruise, Damion J Grasso, Evan Holloway
Poly-victimization during formative developmental periods represents an important focus for screening and assessment in settings and populations in which interpersonal violence is pervasive. This article describes the multistage evolution of a research project designed to empirically test a poly-victimization enhancement of a widely used and validated behavioral health screening tool for youth using retrospective and prospective archival juvenile justice system outcome data. Several operational and methodological revisions to the project's design and procedures were necessitated by barriers that arose as a result of unforeseen shifts in the host juvenile justice system's policies and personnel...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294922/violence-and-disability-experiences-and-perceptions-of-victimization-among-deaf-people
#19
Amanda Admire, Blanca Ramirez
Research on the unique experiences of deaf people is rare, and limited information exists regarding the nature and extent of violence against this population. Existing scholarship highlights the increased vulnerabilities of deaf individuals; however, there remains a paucity of research that examines how deaf and hard of hearing individuals perceive their own victimization. Also lacking is research on the experiences of deaf individuals outside of the United States, where cultural norms and the status of the deaf may be quite different...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294914/childhood-trauma-gender-inequitable-attitudes-alcohol-use-and-multiple-sexual-partners-correlates-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-northern-tanzania
#20
Lisa J Messersmith, Nafisa Halim, Ester Steven Mzilangwe, Naomi Reich, Lilian Badi, Nelson Bingham Holmes, Maria Servidone, Elizabeth Simmons, Philbert Kawemama
Intimate partner violence (IPV), including physical, sexual, emotional, and economic violence, has profound immediate and long-term effects on individuals and communities worldwide. To date, few studies have focused on couples' reporting of IPV. The aim of this article is to present the results of a survey of couples' reporting of IPV and the individual, interpersonal, and social correlates of IPV in northern Tanzania. Four hundred fifty couples from Karatu District, Tanzania, completed a questionnaire measuring attitudes on gender norms and relations, men's experience of childhood trauma, and men's perpetration and women's experience of IPV...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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