keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Interpersonal violence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315981/the-development-of-severe-and-chronic-violence-among-youth-the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-and-reward-processing
#1
Dennis E Reidy, Elizabeth Krusemark, David S Kosson, Megan C Kearns, Joanne Smith-Darden, Kent A Kiehl
Psychopathic traits are a manifestation of a personality pathology that comprises a core affective-interpersonal dysfunction (callous-unemotional traits) and an impulsive-antisocial behavioral component. Of particular importance, psychopathic traits are associated with the perpetration of some of the most severe acts of violence, and they appear to indicate a subset of youth at risk for earlier onset, greater frequency, and persistence of violent offending. Although these youth represent a minority of the population, they commit a significant proportion of the violence in the general community...
March 18, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314422/maxillofacial-and-mandibular-fractures-in-sports
#2
REVIEW
Christopher F Viozzi
Sports account for 3% to 29% of facial injuries and 10% to 42% of facial fractures. Fractures of the facial skeleton most commonly occur owing to interpersonal violence or motor vehicle crashes. Facial fractures from sporting activities has clearly decreased over time owing to better preventive measures. However, this decreasing trend is offset by the emergence of more dangerous sports activities, or "pushing the envelope" of traditional sports activities. Fractures can occur from contact between athletes, and between athletes and their surroundings...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279899/the-connection-between-animal-abuse-and-interpersonal-violence-a-review-from-the-veterinary-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Stefany Monsalve, Fernando Ferreira, Rita Garcia
Several studies have reported a connection between animal abuse and interpersonal violence. The importance of veterinarians in recognizing and intervening in the cycle of violence has been debated in different articles. This review outlines the findings about this connection around the world and describes the role veterinarians play in this field. We looked up electronic databases and analyzed articles published between 1960 and 2016. Publications were classified into three categories: area of publication, topic of the study and continent where the study had been conducted...
March 1, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279546/rct-testing-bystander-effectiveness-to-reduce-violence
#4
Ann L Coker, Heather M Bush, Patricia G Cook-Craig, Sarah A DeGue, Emily R Clear, Candace J Brancato, Bonnie S Fisher, Eileen A Recktenwald
INTRODUCTION: Bystander-based programs have shown promise to reduce interpersonal violence at colleges, yet limited rigorous evaluations have addressed bystander intervention effectiveness in high schools. This study evaluated the Green Dot bystander intervention to reduce sexual violence and related forms of interpersonal violence in 26 high schools over 5 years. DESIGN: A cluster RCT was conducted. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Kentucky high schools were randomized to intervention or control (wait list) conditions...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276255/evaluation-of-an-evidence-based-intervention-implemented-with-african-american-women-to-prevent-substance-abuse-strengthen-relationship-skills-and-reduce-risk-for-hiv-aids
#5
David A Collins, Stephen R Shamblen, Ted N Strader, Brooke B Arnold
African-American females in the U.S. are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS, and a large majority of new infections in this population are attributed to heterosexual contact. Risk factors include substance abuse, lack of knowledge about male partners' possible HIV infection risk, incarceration, disruptions of social networks, and intimate partner violence. This study assessed the effects of a comprehensive, evidence-based prevention intervention, Creating Lasting Family Connections (CLFC) that was implemented with sensitivity to African-American females, using a quasi-experimental design...
February 7, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274485/a-model-for-evaluating-academic-research-centers-case-study-of-the-asian-pacific-islander-youth-violence-prevention-center
#6
Stephanie T Nishimura, Earl S Hishinuma, Deborah A Goebert, Jane M M Onoye, Jeanelle J Sugimoto-Matsuda
OBJECTIVES: To provide one model for evaluating academic research centers, given their vital role in addressing public health issues. METHODS: A theoretical framework is described for a comprehensive evaluation plan for research centers. This framework is applied to one specific center by describing the center's Logic Model and Evaluation Plan, including a sample of the center's activities. RESULTS: Formative and summative evaluation information is summarized...
February 20, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272852/trauma-unit-attendance-is-there-a-relationship-with-weather-sporting-events-and-week-month-end-times-an-audit-at-an-urban-tertiary-trauma-unit-in-cape-town
#7
K L Milford, P H Navsaria, A J Nicol, S Edu
BACKGROUND: The Groote Schuur Hospital Trauma Unit is a high-volume referral center where patient volumes may be related to temporal and environmental factors. OBJECTIVE: This audit aimed to determine if numbers of patients presenting after motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) and interpersonal violence (IPV) were related to temporal factors, weather variables and important soccer matches. METHOD: Numbers of patients presenting to the unit per shift over 17 months were obtained from unit logs...
November 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242410/the-effect-of-trauma-on-the-severity-of-obsessive-compulsive-spectrum-symptoms-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Michelle L Miller, Rebecca L Brock
It is important to consider trauma-related sequelae in the etiology and maintenance of psychopathology, namely understudied disorders such as those belonging to the Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum (OCS). This meta-analysis examined the association between past trauma exposure and current severity of OCS disorder symptoms. A systematic literature search was conducted with 24 (N=4557) articles meeting inclusion criteria. A significant overall effect size was obtained (r=0.20), indicating that exposure to past trauma is associated with a higher severity of OCS symptoms, with a stronger association for females (β=0...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240673/survey-of-american-college-of-surgeons-committee-on-trauma-members-on-firearm-injury-consensus-and-opportunities
#9
Deborah A Kuhls, Brendan T Campbell, Peter A Burke, Lisa Allee, Ashley Hink, Robert W Letton, Peter T Masiakos, Michael Coburn, Maria Alvi, Trudy J Lerer, Barbara A Gaines, Michael L Nance, Douglas J E Schuerer, Tina L Palmieri, James W Davis, Douglas M Geehan, James K Elsey, Beth H Sutton, Mark P McAndrew, Ronald I Gross, Donald N Reed, Donald H Van Boerum, Thomas J Esposito, Roxie M Albrecht, Babak Sarani, David S Shapiro, Katie Wiggins-Dohlvik, Ronald M Stewart
BACKGROUND: In the U.S. there is a perceived divide regarding the benefits and risks of firearm ownership. The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma Injury Prevention and Control Committee designed a survey to evaluate Committee on Trauma (COT) member attitudes about firearm ownership, freedom, responsibility, physician-patient freedom and policy, with the objective of using survey results to inform firearm injury prevention policy development. METHODS: A 32 question survey was sent to 254 current U...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238997/a-two-year-retrospective-study-on-the-pattern-of-dental-trauma-and-its-etiology-northwest-ethiopia
#10
Amare Teshome, Abebe Muche
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia traumatic dental injury (TDI) is seriously neglected, regardless of its current increased incidence rate. OBJECTIVE: To determine the etiology and types of TDIs among traumatized patients admitted to Gondar University Hospital Dental Clinic (GUHDC) between September 2013 and August 2015. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study design was conducted using previous medical records of 309 patients. Records were retrieved, reviewed and analyzed...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219960/comparison-of-substance-use-subjective-well-being-and-interpersonal-relationships-among-young-people-in-foster-care-and-private-households-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-school-health-research-network-survey-in-wales
#11
Sara Jayne Long, Rhiannon E Evans, Adam Fletcher, Gillian Hewitt, Simon Murphy, Honor Young, Graham F Moore
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of living in foster care (FC) with substance use and subjective well-being in a sample of secondary school students (11-16 years) in Wales in 2015/16, and to examine whether these associations are attenuated by the perceived quality of interpersonal relationships. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, population-based health behaviour and lifestyle questionnaire. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Wales, UK; young people who took part in the 2015/16 School Health Research Network (SHRN) questionnaire (n=32 479)...
February 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219026/cognitive-remediation-and-social-cognitive-training-for-violence-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
A significant correlation exists between violence and schizophrenia (SCZ). Recent studies matched some cognitive deficits like strong risk factors for violence with interesting applications in terms of treatment. Our objective was to conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of cognitive remediation (CR) and social cognitive training (SCT) in the management of violent and aggressive behaviors in SCZ. METHODS: The electronic databases Pubmed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and ScienceDirect were searched in, using combinations of terms relating to SCZ, CR and violence...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186637/perceived-burdensomeness-thwarted-belongingness-and-fearlessness-about-death-associations-with-suicidal-ideation-among-female-veterans-exposed-to-military-sexual-trauma
#13
Lindsey L Monteith, Nazanin H Bahraini, Deleene S Menefee
OBJECTIVE: Military sexual trauma (MST) is prevalent among female Veterans and is associated with increased risk for suicidal self-directed violence. Yet research examining processes which contribute to suicidal ideation and attempts among MST survivors has been sparse, focusing primarily on psychiatric symptoms or diagnoses, rather than employing a theory-driven approach. The interpersonal-psychological theory (Joiner, 2005) is a leading theory of suicide that may be particularly relevant for understanding suicidal ideation among female Veterans who have experienced MST...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165281/parenting-in-poverty-attention-bias-and-anxiety-interact-to-predict-parents-perceptions-of-daily-parenting-hassles
#14
Eric D Finegood, C Cybele Raver, Meriah L DeJoseph, Clancy Blair
Research has long acknowledged the centrality of parents' subjective experiences in the caregiving role for the organization of parenting behaviors and family functioning. Recent scientific advances in cognitive process models and in the neurobiology of parenting indicate that parenting is shaped in part by conscious and nonconscious cognitive processes. This study extends a growing literature on neurocognitive models of parenting by exploring the extent to which attention processes in parents operate independently and interactively with intrapsychic processes, proximal interpersonal stressors, and the larger socioeconomic context to predict perceptions of parenting hassles in primarily low-income Latino/a parents of young children living in urban areas of concentrated disadvantage (N = 185)...
February 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161609/patient-characteristics-associated-with-aggression-in-mental-health-units
#15
Tegan Podubinski, Stuart Lee, Yitzchak Hollander, Michael Daffern
Aggression in mental health units is a significant and pervasive problem. However, the characteristics of patients associated with increased aggression propensity remain unclear and there are few attempts to expand understanding of these characteristics by drawing upon contemporary aggression theory. This study assessed the influence of interpersonal (hostile-dominance) and personality (psychopathy), General Aggression Model-specified (aggressive script rehearsal, attitudes towards violence, and trait anger), and clinical (psychiatric symptoms) factors on aggression during psychiatric hospitalization in 200 inpatients (132 men and 68 women; 19-64 years, M=38...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150975/witnessing-domestic-violence-during-childhood-is-associated-with-psychopathic-traits-in-adult-male-criminal-offenders
#16
Monika Dargis, Michael Koenigs
While there is growing evidence that suffering physical abuse during childhood is subsequently associated with psychopathic traits in both juvenile and adult offenders, there is considerably less research on whether exposure to domestic violence as a witness, rather than as a direct victim, influences the subsequent presentation of psychopathic traits in adulthood. Accordingly, the current study examined the relationship between witnessing domestic violence during childhood (i.e., witnessing, hearing, or intervening in abuse against a parent/sibling) and psychopathic traits in adulthood in a sample of n = 127 incarcerated male offenders...
February 2, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135995/the-intersection-of-interpersonal-and-self-directed-violence-among-general-adult-college-student-and-sexually-diverse-samples
#17
Robert J Cramer, Sarah L Desmarais, Kiersten L Johnson, Tess M Gemberling, Matt R Nobles, Sarah R Holley, Susan Wright, Richard Van Dorn
BACKGROUND: Suicide and interpersonal violence (i.e. victimization and perpetration) represent pressing public health problems, and yet remain mostly addressed as separate topics. AIMS: To identify the (1) frequency and overlap of suicide and interpersonal violence and (2) characteristics differentiating subgroups of violence-related experiences. METHODS: A health survey was completed by 2,175 respondents comprised of three groups: college students ( n = 702), adult members of a sexuality special interest organization ( n = 816) and a community adult sample ( n = 657)...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134015/transforming-narratives-into-educational-tools-the-collaborative-development-of-a-transformative-learning-tool-based-on-nicaraguan-adolescents-creative-writing-about-intimate-partner-violence
#18
Robyn Singleton, María de la Paz Picado Araúz, Kathleen Trocin, Kate Winskell
The use of narrative has become increasingly popular in the public health, community development, and education fields. Via emotionally engaging plotlines with authentic, captivating characters, stories provide an opportunity for participants to be carried away imaginatively into the characters' world while connecting the story with their own lived experiences. Stories have been highlighted as valuable tools in transformative learning. However, little published literature exists demonstrating applications of stories in group-based transformative learning curricula...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121674/violence-related-versus-terror-related-stabbings-significant-differences-in-injury-characteristics
#19
Michael Rozenfeld, Adi Givon, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the gap between injury epidemiology of terror-related stabbings (TRS) and non-terror-related intentional stabbings. BACKGROUND: Terror attacks with sharp instruments have multiplied recently, with many victims of these incidents presented to hospitals with penetrating injuries. Because most practical experience of surgeons with intentional stabbing injuries comes from treating victims of interpersonal violence, potential gaps in knowledge may exist if injuries from TRS significantly differ from interpersonal stabbings (IPS)...
January 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119172/a-test-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide-among-arrested-domestic-violence-offenders
#20
Caitlin Wolford-Clevenger, Meagan J Brem, JoAnna Elmquist, Autumn Rae Florimbio, Phillip N Smith, Gregory L Stuart
Little is known about risk factors for suicide ideation and attempts among domestic violence offenders. Guided by the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide, this cross-sectional study examined risk factors for suicide ideation and attempts among 312 men and 84 women arrested for domestic violence and mandated to attend batterer intervention programs. Men reported greater capability for suicide, but no gender differences were found in perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. After controlling for correlates of suicide ideation, perceived burdensomeness-but not thwarted belongingness or its interaction with perceived burdensomeness-associated with suicide ideation...
March 2017: Psychiatry Research
keyword
keyword
81276
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"