keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Counter current

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103276/comparison-of-the-effect-of-two-kinds-of-iranian-honey-and-diphenhydramine-on-nocturnal-cough-and-the-sleep-quality-in-coughing-children-and-their-parents
#1
Parviz Ayazi, Abolfazl Mahyar, Mahdieh Yousef-Zanjani, Abbas Allami, Neda Esmailzadehha, Taraneh Beyhaghi
Coughing in a child induced by upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) can be a problem, both for the child and its parents. Current studies show a lack of proven efficacy for over-the counter (OTC) medications, but promising data support the use of honey for children. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two kinds of Iranian honey with diphenhydramine (DPH) on nocturnal pediatric coughs and the sleep quality of children and their parents. This was a clinical trial (registered in IRCT; No...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097532/medication-overuse-in-chronic-pain
#2
REVIEW
Eric S Hsu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic pain is usually managed by various pharmacotherapies after exhausting the conservative modalities such as over-the-counter choices. The goal of this review is to investigate current state of opioids and non-opioid medication overuse that includes NSAIDs, skeletal muscle relaxants, antidepressants, membrane stabilization agents, and benzodiazepine. How to minimize medication overuse and achieve better outcome in chronic pain management? RECENT FINDINGS: Although antidepressants and membrane stabilization agents contribute to the crucial components for neuromodulation, opioids were frequently designated as a rescue remedy in chronic pain since adjunct analgesics usually do not provide instantaneous relief...
January 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093442/rococo-study-a-real-world-evaluation-of-an-over-the-counter-medicine-in-acute-cough-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-study
#3
S S Birring, J Brew, A Kilbourn, V Edwards, R Wilson, A H Morice
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy and safety of CS1002, an over-the-counter cough treatment containing diphenhydramine, ammonium chloride and levomenthol in a cocoa-based demulcent. DESIGN: A multicentre, randomised, parallel group, controlled, single-blinded study in participants with acute upper respiratory tract infection-associated cough. SETTING: 4 general practitioner (GP) surgeries and 14 pharmacies in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: Participants aged ≥18 years who self-referred to a GP or pharmacist with acute cough of <7 days' duration...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090796/impact-of-c-rel-inhibition-of-cord-blood-derived-b-t-and-nk-cells
#4
Shirin Fallahi, Seyede Momeneh Mohammadi, Hamid Tayefi Nasrabadi, Alireza Alihemmati, Naser Samadi, Sanaz Gholami, Dariush Shanehbandi, Hojjatollah Nozad Charoudeh
The c-Rel transcription factor is a unique member of the nuclear factor (NF)-κB family that has a role in curtailing the proliferation, differentiation, cytokine production, and overall activity of B- and T-cells. In addition, c-Rel is a key regulator of apoptosis in that it influences the expression of anti-apoptotic genes such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL; conversely, inhibition of c-Rel increases cell apoptosis. To better understand the relationship between c-Rel expression and effects on B- and T-cell expansion, the current study evaluated c-Rel expression in cord blood mononuclear cells...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089551/seasonal-circulation-assessments-of-the-northern-arabian-persian-gulf
#5
Y Alosairi, T Pokavanich
Due to the continuous human activities linked to economic expansion in the Arabian Gulf area (also known as Persian Gulf), various activities have had an adverse impact on the coastal environment. Furthermore, reduction of precipitation and river flows has resulted in alterations to the hydro-environment regime at various levels. The current study uses a detailed numerical model that was validated with recent field measurements to determine the comprehensive seasonal circulations of the Northern Arabian/Persian Gulf (NAG)...
January 12, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081033/performance-aspects-and-physiological-responses-in-male-amateur-boxing-competitions-a-brief-review
#6
Maamer Slimani, Helmi Chaabène, Philip Davis, Emerson Franchini, Karim Chamari
Boxing is one of the most popular striking combat sports in the world. The aim of this review was to present data concerning performance analysis (time-motion and technical/tactical analysis) and physiological responses (i.e., blood lactate concentration [BLC], heart rate and/or oxygen consumption) during novice and elite male simulated and official amateur boxing competitions in any age category. The present review shows that boxing competition is a high-intensity intermittent striking combat sport. Typically, the activity-to-rest ratio was higher in elite (18:1) than novice (9:1) boxers and significant differences were observed between rounds (1 round=16:1, 2 round=8:1, and 3 round=6:1) in novice boxers...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075360/design-and-integration-for-high-performance-robotic-systems-based-on-decomposition-and-hybridization-approaches
#7
Dan Zhang, Bin Wei
Currently, the uses of robotics are limited with respect to performance capabilities. Improving the performance of robotic mechanisms is and still will be the main research topic in the next decade. In this paper, design and integration for improving performance of robotic systems are achieved through three different approaches, i.e., structure synthesis design approach, dynamic balancing approach, and adaptive control approach. The purpose of robotic mechanism structure synthesis design is to propose certain mechanism that has better kinematic and dynamic performance as compared to the old ones...
January 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072464/genistein-and-tyrphostin-ag556-decrease-human-atrial-ultra-rapidly-activating-delayed-rectifier-potassium-current-by-inhibiting-egfr-tyrosine-kinase
#8
Guo-Sheng Xiao, Yan-Hui Zhang, Wei Wu, Hai-Ying Sun, Yan Wang, Gui-Rong Li
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The ultra-rapidly activating delayed rectifier K(+) current IKur (encoded by Kv1.5 or KCNA5) plays an important role in human atrial repolarization. The present study investigates the regulation of this current by protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Whole-cell patch voltage-clamp technique, and immunoprecipitation/western blotting analysis were used to investigate whether the PTK inhibitors genistein, Tyrphostin AG556 (AG556) and PP2 regulate human atrial IKur , and hKv1...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068851/counter-and-complicit-masculine-discourse-among-men-s-shed-members
#9
Corey S Mackenzie, Kerstin Roger, Steve Robertson, John L Oliffe, Mary Anne Nurmi, James Urquhart
Men's Sheds is a growing international movement aimed at providing men with places and activities that facilitate social connectedness. Despite Men's Sheds' focus on males, little attention has been paid to masculinities within the specific context of these settings. The current study used a gender relations framework to explore the ways in which attendees discussed Men's Sheds, with particular attention to discussions that were complicit and counter to traditional, hegemonic views of masculinity, and diverse positions in between these binaries...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064187/genetics-and-adaptation-of-soybean-cyst-nematode-to-broad-spectrum-soybean-resistance
#10
Michael Gardner, Robert Heinz, Jianying Wang, Melissa G Mitchum
The soybean cyst nematode (SCN) Heterodera glycines is a major threat to soybean production made more challenging by the current limitations of natural resistance for managing this pathogen. The use of resistant host cultivars is effective but over time results in the generation of virulent nematode populations able to robustly parasitize the resistant host. In order to understand how virulence develops in SCN we utilized a single backcrossed BC1F2 strategy to mate a highly virulent inbred population (TN20) capable of reproducing on all current sources of resistance with an avirulent one (PA3) unable to reproduce on any of the resistant soybean lines...
January 6, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063129/rates-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-use-in-patients-with-established-cardiovascular-disease-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study-from-nhanes-2009-2010
#11
Gregory Castelli, Ashley Petrone, Jun Xiang, Carl Shrader, Dana King
PURPOSE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to treat pain, inflammation, and fever in the USA. Unfortunately, NSAIDs have been associated with an increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events, especially among NSAID users with established cardiovascular disease (CVD). In 2005, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released an initial warning regarding NSAID use and CVD risk, and recently, in July 2015, released an updated statement strengthening this initial warning...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062311/trpa1-and-trpv1-antagonists-do-not-inhibit-human-acidosis-induced-pain
#12
Matthias G Schwarz, Barbara Namer, Peter W Reeh, Michael J M Fischer
: Acidosis occurs in a variety of pathophysiological and painful conditions where it is thought to excite or contribute to excitation of nociceptive neurons. Despite potential clinical relevance the principal receptor for sensing acidosis is unclear, but several receptors have been proposed. We investigated the contribution of the acid sensing ion channels, TRPV1 and TRPA1 to peripheral pain signaling. We first established a human pain model using intra-epidermal injection of TRPA1 agonist carvacrol...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061943/the-effects-of-awareness-and-secondary-task-demands-on-stroop-performance-in-the-pre-cued-lists-paradigm
#13
Julie M Bugg, Nathaniel T Diede
Prior research has demonstrated that explicit pre-cues informing participants of the proportion congruence of an upcoming list of Stroop trials affect performance in mostly congruent lists but not mostly incongruent lists. This pattern suggests a limited role for expectations in influencing Stroop performance. An alternative explanation, however, is that the effects of pre-cues may be masked by a bleed-over of awareness (of the proportion congruence manipulation) from cued to uncued lists given use of a within-subjects manipulation of cueing in prior research...
January 4, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058619/cyber-attacks-and-terrorism-a-twenty-first-century-conundrum
#14
Marwan Albahar
In the recent years, an alarming rise in the incidence of cyber attacks has made cyber security a major concern for nations across the globe. Given the current volatile socio-political environment and the massive increase in the incidence of terrorism, it is imperative that government agencies rapidly realize the possibility of cyber space exploitation by terrorist organizations and state players to disrupt the normal way of life. The threat level of cyber terrorism has never been as high as it is today, and this has created a lot of insecurity and fear...
January 5, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056169/concomitant-leaching-and-electrochemical-extraction-of-rare-earth-elements-from-monazite
#15
Synthia Maes, Wei-Qin Zhuang, Korneel Rabaey, Lisa Alvarez-Cohen, Tom Hennebel
Rare earth elements (REEs) have become increasingly important in modern day technologies. Unfortunately, their recycling is currently limited, and the conventional technologies for their extraction and purification are exceedingly energy and chemical intensive. New sustainable technologies for REE extraction from both primary and secondary resources would be extremely beneficial. This research investigated a two-stage recovery strategy focused on the recovery of neodymium (Nd) and lanthanum (La) from monazite ore that combines microbially based leaching (using citric acid and spent fungal supernatant) with electrochemical extraction...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049583/purification-of-semiconducting-single-walled-carbon-nanotubes-by-spiral-counter-current-chromatography
#16
Martha Knight, Rodrigo Lazo-Portugal, Saeyoung Nate Ahn, Steingrimur Stefansson
Over the last decade man-made carbon nanostructures have shown great promise in electronic applications, but they are produced as very heterogeneous mixtures with different properties so the achievement of a significant commercial application has been elusive. The dimensions of single-wall carbon nanotubes are generally a nanometer wide, up to hundreds of microns long and the carbon nanotubes have anisotropic structures. They are processed to have shorter lengths but they need to be sorted by diameter and chirality...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048287/th-d-brc-00-educational-point-counter-point-has-photon-rt-hit-the-limits
#17
Bulent Aydogan
: Interest in proton therapy has increased dramatically in the past couple of years, especially in the United States. There certainly is an important place for proton therapy in the arsenal of cancer treatments. Its dosimetric advantage and potential for low toxicity makes it the perfect partner for photons and other cancer treatment modalities. Often there is a belief that the new technology ought to be better but many believe that they should be widely adopted in the clinic only after evidence has shown that they are at least as safe and efficacious as existing technologies, which are often less expensive...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048122/su-f-j-182-investigation-of-systems-for-improved-accuracy-in-clinical-y-90-percent-delivered-calculations
#18
R McBeth, D Elder, A Kesner
PURPOSE: Y-90 Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT) is used to treat liver tumors, and by nature has variability in the percent of the intended dose that is actually delivered. To determine the quality of the administration, pre and post activity measurements are taken, and used to infer percent delivered. Vendor specifications indicate the use of an ion chamber to take these measurements. In our work, we investigated the accuracy of ion chambers, and compared them to other detector systems...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047485/su-f-i-56-high-precision-gamma-ray-analysis-of-medical-isotopes
#19
N Chopra, T Chillery, E McCutchan, P Chowdhury, C Smith, C Lister
PURPOSE: Advanced, time-resolved, Compton-suppressed gamma-ray spectroscopy with germanium detectors is implemented for assaying medical isotopes to study the radioactive decay process leading to a more accurate appraisal of the received dose and treatment planning. Lowell's Array for Radiological Assay (LARA), a detector array that is comprised of six Compton-suppressed high-purity germanium detectors, is currently under development at UMass-Lowell which combines Compton-suppression and time-and-angle correlations to allow for highly efficient and highly sensitive measurements...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042734/vulvar-and-vaginal-atrophy-as-viewed-by-the-spanish-revive-participants-symptoms-management-and-treatment-perceptions
#20
S Palacios, M J Cancelo, C Castelo Branco, P Llaneza, F Molero, R Sanchez Borrego
OBJECTIVES: To gain a deeper comprehension of current vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) knowledge among Spanish postmenopausal women. METHODS: An online survey (REVIVE) was conducted in four European countries with an overall sample of 768 participants included in Spain. Perceptions, experiences and needs of Spanish postmenopausal women in terms of sexual and vaginal health were reported. RESULTS: Vaginal dryness was the most common VVA symptom in Spain (81%)...
January 2, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
keyword
keyword
81267
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"