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Hydrogen sulphide donors

M Cebová, M Košútová, O Pecháňová
Gasotransmitters represent a subfamily of the endogenous gaseous signaling molecules that include nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrogen sulphide (H(2)S). These particular gases share many common features in their production and function, but they fulfill their physiological tasks in unique ways that differ from those of classical signaling molecules found in tissues and organs. These gasotransmitters may antagonize or potentiate each other's cellular effects at the level of their production, their downstream molecular targets and their direct interactions...
October 24, 2016: Physiological Research
Lara Testai, Alice Marino, Ilaria Piano, Vincenzo Brancaleone, Kengo Tomita, Lorenzo Di Cesare Mannelli, Alma Martelli, Valentina Citi, Maria C Breschi, Roberto Levi, Claudia Gargini, Mariarosaria Bucci, Giuseppe Cirino, Carla Ghelardini, Vincenzo Calderone
The endogenous gasotransmitter hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is an important regulator of the cardiovascular system, particularly of myocardial function. Moreover, H2S exhibits cardioprotective activity against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) or hypoxic injury, and is considered an important mediator of "ischemic preconditioning", through activation of mitochondrial potassium channels, reduction of oxidative stress, activation of the endogenous "anti-oxidant machinery" and limitation of inflammatory responses. Accordingly, H2S-donors, i...
September 9, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Na Li, Ming-Jie Wang, Sheng Jin, Ya-Dan Bai, Cui-Lan Hou, Fen-Fen Ma, Xing-Hui Li, Yi-Chun Zhu
Aims. To examine the expression patterns of hydrogen sulphide- (H2S-) producing enzymes in ischaemic heart tissue and plasma levels of H2S after 2 weeks of NaHS treatment after myocardial infarction (MI) and to clarify the role of endogenous H2S in the MI process. Results. After MI surgery, 2 weeks of treatment with the H2S donor NaHS alleviated ischaemic injury. Meanwhile, in ischemia myocardium, three H2S-producing enzymes, cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE), cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS), and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3-MST) significantly increased...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Yu-Si Cheng, De-Zai Dai, Yin Dai, Dong-Dong Zhu, Bi-Cheng Liu
OBJECTIVES: Hydrogen sulphide (H2 S) has been found to be involved in cardiovascular diseases, but the exact mechanism has not been clarified. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sodium hydrogen sulphide (NaHS), the donor of H2 S, can improve diabetic cardiomyopathy by reversing disordered calcium-handling system in sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). METHODS: Sprague Dawley rats were injected with streptozotocin (STZ, 60 mg/kg, i.p.) to build diabetic model...
March 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Ashfaq Ahmad, Munavvar A Sattar, Hassaan A Rathore, Mohammed H Abdulla, Safia A Khan, Maleeha Azam, Nor A Abdullah, Edward J Johns
Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is an emerging molecule in many cardiovascular complications but its role in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is unknown. The present study explored the effect of exogenous H2S administration in the regression of LVH by modulating oxidative stress, arterial stiffness and expression of cystathione γ lyase (CSE) in the myocardium. Animals were divided into four groups: Control, LVH, Control-H2S and LVH-H2S. LVH was induced by administering isoprenaline (5mg/kg, every 72 hours, S/C) and caffeine in drinking water (62mg/L) for 2 weeks...
2016: PloS One
Sharyn Gaskin, Linda Heath, Dino Pisaniello, Richard Evans, John W Edwards, Michael Logan, Christina Baxter
Accidental or intentional releases of toxic gases can have significant public health consequences and emergency resource demands. Management of exposed individuals during hazardous material incidents should be risk and evidence based, but there are knowledge gaps in relation to dermal absorption of gases and management advice for potentially exposed individuals. Using a modified Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in vitro toxicology protocol with human donor skin, this article reports on two common and odorous chemicals, hydrogen sulphide and phosphine...
March 3, 2016: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Carlo Dionisi-Vici, Daria Diodato, Giuliano Torre, Stefano Picca, Rosanna Pariante, Sergio Giuseppe Picardo, Ivano Di Meo, Cristiano Rizzo, Valeria Tiranti, Massimo Zeviani, Jean De Ville De Goyet
Ethylmalonic encephalopathy is a fatal, rapidly progressive mitochondrial disorder caused by ETHE1 mutations, whose peculiar clinical and biochemical features are due to the toxic accumulation of hydrogen sulphide and of its metabolites, including thiosulphate. In mice with ethylmalonic encephalopathy, liver-targeted adeno-associated virus-mediated ETHE1 gene transfer dramatically improved both clinical course and metabolic abnormalities. Reasoning that the same achievement could be accomplished by liver transplantation, we performed living donor-liver transplantation in an infant with ethylmalonic encephalopathy...
April 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Steve Perry, Y Kumai, C S Porteus, V Tzaneva, R W M Kwong
Three gases comprising nitric oxide, carbon monoxide and hydrogen sulphide, collectively are termed gasotransmitters. The gasotransmitters control several physiological functions in fish by acting as intracellular signaling molecules. Hydrogen sulphide, first implicated in vasomotor control in fish, plays a critical role in oxygen chemoreception owing to its production and downstream effects within the oxygen chemosensory cells, the neuroepithelial cells. Indeed, there is emerging evidence that hydrogen sulphide may contribute to oxygen sensing in both fish and mammals by promoting membrane depolarization of the chemosensory cells...
February 2016: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
Bridget K Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
Manpreet Kaur, Shilpi Sachdeva, Onkar Bedi, Tavleen Kaur, Puneet Kumar
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40200-015-0185-7.].
2015: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Diego A Suarez-Zuluaga, Peer H A Timmers, Caroline M Plugge, Alfons J M Stams, Cees J N Buisman, Jan Weijma
The use of methane and acetate as electron donors for biological reduction of thiosulphate in a 5-L laboratory membrane bioreactor was studied and compared to disproportionation of thiosulphate as competing biological reaction. The reactor was operated for 454 days in semi-batch mode; 30 % of its liquid phase was removed and periodically replenished (days 77, 119, 166, 258, 312 and 385). Although the reactor was operated under conditions favourable to promote thiosulphate reduction coupled to methane oxidation, thiosulphate disproportionation was the dominant microbial process...
February 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hai-bin Dai, Xiangjun Ji, Si-hai Zhu, Yi-min Hu, Li-dong Zhang, Xiao-lei Miao, Ru-Meng Ma, Man-lin Duan, Wei-yan Li
BACKGROUND: Both hydrogen sulphide (H2S) and mild hypothermia have been reported to prevent brain damage caused by reperfusion assault through regulating the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). However, the relationship between the two treatments and how they exert neuro-protective effects through NMDARs remain to be elucidated. METHODS: Transient cerebral ischemia was induced using the Pulsinelli four-vessel occlusion method. We used sodium hydrosulphide (NaHS) as the H2S donor...
2015: BMC Anesthesiology
Yanjie Xu, Xiongwei Dai, Danxia Zhu, Xiaoli Xu, Cao Gao, Changping Wu
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been reported to be interwined in multiple systems, specifically in the cardiovascular system. However, the mechanisms underlying remain controversial. In the present study, we assessed the cardio-protective effects of H2S in the rat hemorrhagic shock model. Hemorrhagic shock was induced in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats by drawing blood from the femoral artery to maintain the mean arterial pressure at 35-40 mmHg for 1.5 h. The rats were assigned to four groups and the H2S donor, NaHS (28 μmol/kg, i...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Manpreet Kaur, Shilpi Sachdeva, Onkar Bedi, Tavleen Kaur, Puneet Kumar
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the complex complications of Diabetes Mellitus (DM). The present study has been designed to examine protective role of hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) donor against streptozotocin (STZ) -induced behavioral, oxidative abnormalities and its DN like symptoms in rats. METHODS: For the induction of DN single intraperitoneal administration of STZ (45 mg/kg) was given till third week. Behavioral parameters were measured on 1st, 7th, 21st and 42nd days and biochemical parameters were performed on 42nd day...
2015: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Juan Chen, Fei-Hua Wu, Yu-Ting Shang, Wen-Hua Wang, Wen-Jun Hu, Martin Simon, Xiang Liu, Zhou-Ping Shangguan, Hai-Lei Zheng
Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is emerging as a potential molecule involved in physiological regulation in plants. However, whether H2S regulates iron-shortage responses in plants is largely unknown. Here, the role of H2S in modulating iron availability in maize (Zea mays L. cv Canner) seedlings grown in iron-deficient culture solution is reported. The main results are as follows: Firstly, NaHS, a donor of H2S, completely prevented leaf interveinal chlorosis in maize seedlings grown in iron-deficient culture solution...
November 2015: Journal of Experimental Botany
Lilian Lohninger, Lenka Tomasova, Monika Praschberger, Michael Hintersteininger, Thomas Erker, Bernhard M K Gmeiner, Hilde Laggner
The transcription factor HIF-1α regulates the adaptive response of cells to hypoxia and oxidative stress. In addition, an important regulatory role for HIF-1α in immune reactions and inflammation is suggested. The present study attempts to investigate the effect of the gaseous signalling molecule hydrogen sulphide (H2S) on HIF-1α in THP-1 macrophages using the slow H2S releasing donor GYY4137. We found that H2S induced HIF-1α protein accumulation in THP-1 macrophages in a concentration-dependent manner...
May 2015: Biochimie
N-N Ping, S Li, Y-N Mi, L Cao, Y-X Cao
AIM: Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) exhibits a dual modulation of isolated artery tension. This study investigated the vasoconstrictive effect of sulphur sodium hydride (NaHS), a donor of gaseous H2S, on rat coronary artery. METHODS: The contractile response of isolated arteries was recorded using a wire myograph. Fluo-3/AM was used to load vascular smooth muscle, and intracellular calcium was determined using confocal laser microscopy. The protein expression of Rho kinase was examined using Western blot...
May 2015: Acta Physiologica
S Takır, G Z Ortaköylü, A Toprak, B S Uydeş-Doğan
Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is known to be produced endogenously in ocular tissues with the highest levels in the retina and cornea. However, it is yet unclear whether it can modulate retinal arterial tone. Herein, we aimed to investigate the effectiveness and the mechanism of the action of H2S in the isolated bovine retinal arteries. For this purpose, the probable vasorelaxant and inhibitory effects of H2S on vascular reactivity were tested comparatively in the retinal arteries by using the donor, sodium hydrosulphide (NaHS)...
March 2015: Experimental Eye Research
M Martinez-Cutillas, V Gil, N Mañé, P Clavé, D Gallego, M T Martin, M Jimenez
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is an endogenous signalling molecule that might play a physiologically relevant role in gastrointestinal motility. Cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE) are two enzymes responsible for H2S production. d,l-Propargylglycine (PAG) is a CSE inhibitor whereas both aminooxyacetic acid (AOAA) and hydroxylamine (HA) are CBS inhibitors. The characterization of H2S responses and its mechanism of action are crucial to define H2S function...
March 2015: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Salvatore Salomone, Roberta Foresti, Ambra Villari, Giovanni Giurdanella, Filippo Drago, Claudio Bucolo
Nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen sulphide (H2S) modulate vascular tone. In view of their therapeutic potential for ocular diseases, we examined the effect of exogenous CO and H2S on tone of isolated rabbit ophthalmic artery and their interaction with endogenous and exogenous NO. Ophthalmic artery segments mounted on a wire myograph were challenged with cumulative concentrations of phenylephrine (PE) in the presence or absence of NG-nitro-L-arginine (LNNA) to inhibit production of NO, the CO-releasing molecules CORMs or the H2S-donor GYY4137...
December 15, 2014: Biochemical Pharmacology
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