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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146077/finite-analytic-method-for-modeling-variably-saturated-flows
#1
Zaiyong Zhang, Wenke Wang, Chengcheng Gong, Tian-Chyi Jim Yeh, Zhoufeng Wang, Yu-Li Wang, Li Chen
This paper develops a finite analytic method (FAM) for solving the two-dimensional Richards' equation. The FAM incorporates the analytic solution in local elements to formulate the algebraic representation of the partial differential equation of unsaturated flow so as to effectively control both numerical oscillation and dispersion. The FAM model is then verified using four examples, in which the numerical solutions are compared with analytical solutions, solutions from VSAFT2, and observational data from a field experiment...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131422/translation-and-validation-of-the-danish-version-of-the-brief-family-assessment-measure-iii-in-a-sample-of-acutely-admitted-elderly-medical-patients
#2
Mahdi Shamali, Hanne Konradsen, Jørgen T Lauridsen, Birte Østergaard
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Family functioning plays a pivotal role in the adaptation to illness of both individuals and families, especially among elderly patients. The Brief Family Assessment Measure Third Edition (Brief FAM-III) is among the most frequently used self-report instruments that measures family functioning. However, no Danish translation or measure of its psychometric properties in a Danish population is available. The purpose of this study was to translate the Brief FAM-III into Danish and then evaluate its psychometric properties in elderly patients...
November 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127523/identification-of-quantitative-trait-loci-for-resistance-to-rsivd-in-red-sea-bream-pagrus-major
#3
Eitaro Sawayama, Shiho Tanizawa, Shin-Ichi Kitamura, Kei Nakayama, Kohei Ohta, Akiyuki Ozaki, Motohiro Takagi
Red sea bream iridoviral disease (RSIVD) is a major viral disease in red sea bream farming in Japan. Previously, we identified one candidate male individual of red sea bream that was significantly associated with convalescent individuals after RSIVD. The purpose of this study is to identify the quantitative trait loci (QTL) linked to the RSIVD-resistant trait for future marker-assisted selection (MAS). Two test families were developed using the candidate male in 2014 (Fam-2014) and 2015 (Fam-2015). These test families were challenged with RSIV, and phenotypes were evaluated...
November 10, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118545/imaging-modalities-for-an-uncommon-inguinal-scrotal-pathology-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Koo Hao Chun, Fam Xeng Inn, Erica Yee Hing, Goh Eng Hong
Inguinal scrotal swelling is a common presentation to surgical clinic with various differential diagnoses. In most circumstances, a good clinical assessment is sufficient to identify the diagnosis. Imaging is necessary when diagnostic difficulty was encountered. The choice of imaging study could affect the management and outcome. A 60-year-old male presented with an enlarging right inguinal scrotal swelling for 5 years. Clinical examination showed a swelling extended from the right inguinal region down to the right scrotum, firm, not reducible, and not separable from the right testis...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116108/precision-targeting-of-tumor-macrophages-with-a-cd206-binding-peptide
#5
Pablo Scodeller, Lorena Simón-Gracia, Sergei Kopanchuk, Allan Tobi, Kalle Kilk, Pille Säälik, Kaarel Kurm, Mario Leonardo Squadrito, Venkata Ramana Kotamraju, Ago Rinken, Michele De Palma, Erkki Ruoslahti, Tambet Teesalu
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) expressing the multi-ligand endocytic receptor mannose receptor (CD206/MRC1) contribute to tumor immunosuppression, angiogenesis, metastasis, and relapse. Here, we describe a peptide that selectively targets MRC1-expressing TAMs (MEMs). We performed in vivo peptide phage display screens in mice bearing 4T1 metastatic breast tumors to identify peptides that target peritoneal macrophages. Deep sequencing of the peptide-encoding inserts in the selected phage pool revealed enrichment of the peptide CSPGAKVRC (codenamed "UNO")...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094284/predictive-value-of-the-fear-avoidance-model-on-functional-capacity-evaluation
#6
Johanne Tüscher, Cyrille Burrus, Philippe Vuistiner, Bertrand Léger, Gilles Rivier, François Luthi
Purpose Measuring the predictive value of the Fear-Avoidance Model (FAM) on lifting tasks in Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE), and on reasons for stopping the evaluation (safe maximal effort, versus self-limited). Methods A monocentric prospective study was conducted on 298 consecutive inpatients. Components of the FAM were analyzed using the Cumulative Psychosocial Factor Index (CPFI: kinesiophobia, catastrophizing, depressive mood) and perceived disability (Hand/Spinal Function Sort: HFS/SFS). Floor-to-waist, waist-to-overhead and dominant-hand lifting tests were measured according to the FCE guidelines...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055278/enhanced-sensitivity-to-detection-nanomolar-level-of-cu-2-compared-to-spectrophotometry-method-by-functionalized-gold-nanoparticles-design-of-sensor-assisted-by-exploiting-first-order-data-with-chemometrics
#7
Zolaikha Rasouli, Raouf Ghavami
A simple, sensitive and efficient colorimetric assay platform for the determination of Cu(2+) was proposed with the aim of developing sensitive detection based on the aggregation of AuNPs in presence of a histamine H2-receptor antagonist (famotidine, FAM) as recognition site. This study is the first to demonstrate that the molar extinction coefficients of the complexes formed by FAM and Cu(2+) are very low (by analyzing the chemometrics methods on the first order data arising from different metal to ligand ratio method), leading to the undesirable sensitivity of FAM-based assays...
October 12, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044539/cervicofacial-facial-artery-myocutaneous-flap-c-fam-flap-a-novel-flap-in-oral-cavity-reconstruction
#8
Chandrasekhara Rao S L M, Nusrath Syed, Hemantkumar O Nemade, Jonathan Gondi T, Krantikumar Gangiti, Subramanyeshwar Rao T
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction is an integral part of the surgical management of oral cancer. Local flaps are one of the options in reconstruction of small to moderate sized defects of oral cavity. Reconstruction is an integral part of the surgical management of oral cancer. Every defect needs to be assessed individually to tailor made the reconstruction because of its multidimensionality and complexity. Varieties of autologous tissues are being used in reconstruction like local, regional, or free flaps which can be simple or complex tissues...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044197/development-of-a-multiplex-probe-combination-based-one-step-real-time-reverse-transcription-pcr-for-na-subtype-typing-of-avian-influenza-virus
#9
Zhihao Sun, Tao Qin, Feifei Meng, Sujuan Chen, Daxin Peng, Xiufan Liu
Nine influenza virus neuraminidase (NA) subtypes have been identified in poultry and wild birds. Few methods are available for rapid and simple NA subtyping. Here we developed a multiplex probe combination-based one-step real-time reverse transcriptase PCR (rRT-PCR) to detect nine avian influenza virus NA subtypes. Nine primer-probe pairs were assigned to three groups based on the different fluorescent dyes of the probes (FAM, HEX, or Texas Red). Each probe detected only one NA subtype, without cross reactivity...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043304/a-single-stranded-fluorescent-peptide-probe-for-targeting-collagen-in-connective-tissues
#10
Xiangdong Cai, Zhao Liu, Sha Zhao, Chen Song, Shouliang Dong, Jianxi Xiao
We herein report the construction of a novel single stranded fluorescent collagen mimetic peptide by introducing a bulky FAM dye in the central region rather than the N terminus. Without the need for any prior thermal or ultraviolet treatment, the peptide probe can be conveniently applied to specifically target collagen in connective tissues for fluorescence imaging.
October 18, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039745/profiling-the-fatty-acids-content-of-ornamental-camellia-seeds-cultivated-in-galicia-by-an-optimized-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-extraction
#11
Carmen Garcia-Jares, Marta Sanchez-Nande, Juan Pablo Lamas, Marta Lores
Camellia (genus of flowering plants of fam. Theaceae) is one of the main crops in Asia, where tea and oil from leaves and seeds have been utilized for thousands of years. This plant is excellently adapted to the climate and soil of Galicia (northwestern Spain) and northern Portugal where it is grown not only as an ornamental plant, but to be evaluated as a source of bioactive compounds. In this work, the main fatty acids were extracted from Camellia seeds of four varieties of Camellia: sasanqua, reticulata, japonica and sinensis, by means of matrix-solid phase dispersion (MSPD), and analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) with MS detection of the corresponding methyl esters...
October 17, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034851/nitrosopumilus-maritimus-gen-nov-sp-nov-nitrosopumilus-cobalaminigenes-sp-nov-nitrosopumilus-oxyclinae-sp-nov-and-nitrosopumilus-ureiphilus-sp-nov-four-marine-ammonia-oxidizing-archaea-of-the-phylum-thaumarchaeota
#12
Wei Qin, Katherine R Heal, Rasika Ramdasi, Julia N Kobelt, Willm Martens-Habbena, Anthony D Bertagnolli, Shady A Amin, Christopher B Walker, Hidetoshi Urakawa, Martin Könneke, Allan H Devol, James W Moffett, E Virginia Armbrust, Grant J Jensen, Anitra E Ingalls, David A Stahl
Four mesophilic, neutrophilic, and aerobic marine ammonia-oxidizing archaea, designated strains SCM1(T), HCA1(T), HCE1(T) and PS0(T), were isolated from a tropical marine fish tank, dimly lit deep coastal waters, the lower euphotic zone of coastal waters, and near-surface sediment in the Puget Sound estuary, respectively. Cells are straight or slightly curved small rods, 0.15-0.26 µm in diameter and 0.50-1.59 µm in length. Motility was not observed, although strain PS0(T) possesses genes associated with archaeal flagella and chemotaxis, suggesting it may be motile under some conditions...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027938/palladium-nanoparticles-based-fluorescence-resonance-energy-transfer-aptasensor-for-highly-sensitive-detection-of-aflatoxin-m%C3%A2-in-milk
#13
Hui Li, Daibin Yang, Peiwu Li, Qi Zhang, Wen Zhang, Xiaoxia Ding, Jin Mao, Jing Wu
A highly sensitive aptasensor for aflatoxin M₁ (AFM₁) detection was constructed based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between 5-carboxyfluorescein (FAM) and palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs). PdNPs (33 nm) were synthesized through a seed-mediated growth method and exhibited broad and strong absorption in the whole ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) range. The strong coordination interaction between nitrogen functional groups of the AFM₁ aptamer and PdNPs brought FAM and PdNPs in close proximity, which resulted in the fluorescence quenching of FAM to a maximum extent of 95%...
October 13, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027787/detection-of-t4-polynucleotide-kinase-via-allosteric-aptamer-probe-platform
#14
Mingxuan Gao, Jingjing Guo, Yanling Song, Zhi Zhu, Chaoyong James Yang
As a vital enzyme in DNA phosphorylation and restoration, T4 polynucleotide kinase (T4 PNK) has aroused great interest in recent years. Therefore, numerous strategies have been established for highly sensitive detection of T4 PNK based on diverse signal amplification techniques. However, they often need sophisticated design, a variety of auxiliary reagents and enzymes, or cumbersome manipulations. We have designed a new kind of allosteric aptamer probe (AAP) consisting of streptavidin (SA) aptamer and the complementary DNA (cDNA) for simple detection of T4 PNK without signal amplification and with minimized interference in complex biological samples...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022546/erratum-proposal-for-the-reclassification-of-obligately-purine-fermenting-bacteria-clostridium-acidurici-barker-1938-and-clostridium-purinilyticum-d%C3%A3-rre-et-al-1981-as-gottschalkia-acidurici-gen-nov-comb-nov-and-gottschalkia-purinilytica-comb-nov-and-of-eubacterium
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989733/the-shrimp-superfamily-sergestoidea-a-global-phylogeny-with-definition-of-new-families-and-an-assessment-of-the-pathways-into-principal-biotopes
#16
A L Vereshchaka
The phylogenetic analysis of Sergestoidea based on 253 morphological characters and encompassing all 99 valid species confirmed all previously recognized genus-level clades. Analysis retrieved five major robust clades that correspond to families Luciferidae, Sergestidae, Acetidae fam.n., Sicyonellidae fam.n. and Petalidiumidae fam.n. Synonymy, emended diagnoses and composition of revealed family-level clades are provided. Three types of morphological characters were important in the phylogeny of the Sergestoidea: general external characters, copulatory organs, and photophores...
September 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985627/anaeramoebidae-fam-nov-a-novel-lineage-of-anaerobic-amoebae-and-amoeboflagellates-of-uncertain-phylogenetic-position
#17
Petr Táborský, Tomáš Pánek, Ivan Čepička
We report discovery of a new lineage of anaerobic marine amoebae and amoeboflagellates, Anaeramoeba gen. nov., represented by six newly described species. The trophic form of Anaeramoeba spp. is an amoeba corresponding to the uncommon flabellate or flamellian morphotype - it is fan-shaped and produces an anterior, flattened hyaline zone and posterior hyaline projections. In contrast to other representatives of these morphotypes, cells of Anaeramoeba spp. possess acristate mitochondrion-related organelles associated with prokaryotic symbionts, and a large acentriolar centrosome...
August 2, 2017: Protist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984159/longer-term-effectiveness-of-inpatient-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-ms-patients-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-the-danish-ms-hospitals-rehabilitation-study
#18
Finn Boesen, Michael Nørgaard, Philipp Trénel, Peter Vestergaard Rasmussen, Thor Petersen, Brita Løvendahl, Jan Sørensen
BACKGROUND: There is insufficient evidence to support the effectiveness of multidisciplinary rehabilitation on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of MS patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the longer term effectiveness of inpatient multidisciplinary rehabilitation on the HRQoL of MS patients. METHODS: The study was a two-hospital, pragmatic, randomized controlled trial with a 6-month follow-up. Patients aged 18-65 years with MS and Expanded Disability Status Scale scores ≤7...
October 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982563/the-international-multicenter-trivalve%C3%A2-registry-which-patients-are-undergoing-transcatheter-tricuspid-repair
#19
Maurizio Taramasso, Rebecca T Hahn, Hannes Alessandrini, Azeem Latib, Adrian Attinger-Toller, Daniel Braun, Eric Brochet, Kim A Connelly, Paolo Denti, Florian Deuschl, Andrea Englmaier, Neil Fam, Christian Frerker, Joerg Hausleiter, Jean-Michel Juliard, Ryan Kaple, Felix Kreidel, Karl Heinz Kuck, Shingo Kuwata, Marco Ancona, Margarita Malasa, Tamim Nazif, Georg Nickenig, Fabian Nietlispach, Alberto Pozzoli, Ulrich Schäfer, Joachim Schofer, Robert Schueler, Gilbert Tang, Alec Vahanian, John G Webb, Ermela Yzeiraj, Francesco Maisano, Martin B Leon
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to develop a large, international registry to evaluate the diffusion of these approaches and investigate patient characteristics and initial clinical results. BACKGROUND: Several transcatheter tricuspid valve therapies are emerging as therapeutic options for patients with severe symptomatic tricuspid regurgitation (TR), generally a high-risk surgical population. METHODS: The TriValve (Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Therapies) registry included 106 high-risk patients (76 ± 9 years of age; 60...
October 9, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982556/early-outcomes-of-percutaneous-transvenous-transseptal-transcatheter-valve-implantation-in-failed-bioprosthetic-mitral-valves-ring-annuloplasty-and%C3%A2-severe-mitral-annular-calcification
#20
Mackram F Eleid, Brian K Whisenant, Allison K Cabalka, Mathew R Williams, Mohammed Nejjari, David Attias, Neil Fam, Nicholas Amoroso, Thomas A Foley, Peter M Pollak, Oluseun O Alli, Sorin V Pislaru, Sameh M Said, Joseph A Dearani, Charanjit S Rihal
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine 1-year outcomes of transseptal balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valve implantation in failed mitral bioprosthesis, ring annuloplasty, and mitral annular calcification (MAC). BACKGROUND: Immediate outcomes following transseptal mitral valve implantation in failed bioprostheses are favorable, but data on subsequent outcomes are lacking. METHODS: Percutaneous transseptal implantation of balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valves was performed in 87 patients with degenerated mitral bioprostheses (valve in valve [VIV]) (n = 60), previous ring annuloplasty (valve in ring) (n = 15), and severe MAC (valve in MAC) (n = 12)...
October 9, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
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