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Overuse injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936414/the-health-benefits-and-constraints-of-exercise-therapy-for-wheelchair-users-a-clinical-commentary
#1
Terry J Ellapen, Henriëtte V Hammill, Mariette Swanepoel, Gert L Strydom
BACKGROUND: There are approximately 1 billion people living with chronic lower limb disability, many of whom are wheelchair users. OBJECTIVES: Review cardiometabolic and neuromuscular risk profiles of wheelchair users, benefits of regular exercise and the causes of neuromuscular upper limb and hip injuries that hinder regular adherence. METHOD: Literature published between 2013 and 2017 was adopted according to the standard practices for systematic reviews (PRISMA) through Crossref Metadata and Google Scholar searches...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931491/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-neurological-disorders-during-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions. In this systematic analysis, we quantified the global disease burden due to neurological disorders in 2015 and its relationship with country development level...
September 15, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928496/dorsal-scapular-nerve-neuropathy-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#3
Brad Muir
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to elucidate this little known cause of upper back pain through a narrative review of the literature and to discuss the possible role of the dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) in the etiopathology of other similar diagnoses in this area including cervicogenic dorsalgia (CD), notalgia paresthetica (NP), SICK scapula and a posterolateral arm pain pattern. BACKGROUND: Dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) neuropathy has been a rarely thought of differential diagnosis for mid scapular, upper to mid back and costovertebral pain...
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918787/-running-and-causes-of-running-related-injuries
#4
Camilla Kjær Cullum, Peter Hung Thanh Tran, Simon Døssing
Running is one of the most popular sports among the adult Danish population. Overuse injuries of the knee, such as runners knee, jumpers knee, patello-femoral pain syndrome and patello-femoral pre-arthrosis, are common and cause reduction of the health beneficial physical activity. Treatment should primarily focus on adjustment of training habits and physiotherapeutic guided rehabilitation. Other treatment options include changing landing pattern during running, corticosteroid injections, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs and ultimately surgery...
September 18, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912731/long-term-athletic-development-in-youth-alpine-ski-racing-the-effect-of-physical-fitness-ski-racing-technique-anthropometrics-and-biological-maturity-status-on-injuries
#5
Lisa Müller, Carolin Hildebrandt, Erich Müller, Christian Fink, Christian Raschner
Alpine ski racing is known to be a sport with a high risk of injuries. Because most studies have focused mainly on top-level athletes and on traumatic injuries, limited research exists about injury risk factors among youth ski racers. The aim of this study was to determine the intrinsic risk factors (anthropometrics, biological maturity, physical fitness, racing technique) for injury among youth alpine ski racers. Study participants were 81 youth ski racers attending a ski boarding school (50 males, 31 females; 9-14 years)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912661/effectiveness-of-movement-therapy-interventions-and-training-modifications-for-preventing-running-injuries-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
Žiga Kozinc, Nejc Šarabon
Runners are at relatively high risk for sustaining an overuse injury. While many risk factors have been documented so far, previous reviews have mostly failed to identify effective interventions to lower injury risk in runners. To review the high-quality evidence on two types of preventive interventions - movement therapy interventions and training-modification interventions, regarding running-related injury prevention. Pubmed (MEDLINE), PEDro and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched in April 2017, with no date or language restrictions, using following search terms: running injury prevention, running injury therapy, running injury incidence, running injury exercise and running injury risk...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902754/wrist-pain-in-gymnasts-a-review-of-common-overuse-wrist-pathology-in-the-gymnastics-athlete
#7
Holly J Benjamin, Sean C Engel, Debra Chudzik
Injury rates among gymnasts are among the highest of any sport at the high school and collegiate level per athletic exposure. The wrist has increased injury risk due to repetitive physical stresses predisposing it to acute injury, overuse, and degenerative damage. This article will review the most common overuse wrist injuries seen in gymnasts. Prompt evaluation and management is necessary to avoid the negative sequelae that can often accompany these injuries. Little is known about effective sport-specific injury prevention strategies, but general guidelines for overuse injury prevention including limiting excessive loading of the wrist, maintaining wrist joint flexibility, an emphasis on proper technique, and incorporating wrist and general core strengthening seem beneficial...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902753/nonoperative-management-and-novel-imaging-for-posterior-circumflex-humeral-artery-injury-in-volleyball
#8
Daan van de Pol, R Nils Planken, Aart Terpstra, Marja Pannekoek-Hekman, P Paul F M Kuijer, Mario Maas
We report on a 34-yr-old male elite volleyball player with symptomatic emboli in the spiking hand from a partially thrombosed aneurysm of the posterior circumflex humeral artery (PCHA) in his dominant shoulder. At initial diagnosis and follow-up, a combination of time-resolved and high-resolution steady state contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) enabled detailed visualization of: (1) emboli that were not detectable by vascular ultrasound; and (2) the PCHA aneurysm, including compression during abduction and external rotation (ABER provocation)...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895620/epidemiology-of-overuse-injuries-in-youth-team-sports-a-3-year-prospective-study
#9
Mari Leppänen, Kati Pasanen, Pekka Kannus, Tommi Vasankari, Urho M Kujala, Ari Heinonen, Jari Parkkari
Prospective studies on overuse injuries and their impact on athletic training among youth team sports are scarce. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence, severity and player related risk factors of overuse injuries among young (12-20 years) basketball and floorball players. A total of 387 players participated in a 3-year prospective study. Each player completed a baseline questionnaire regarding their background information. Overuse injuries that prevented players to fully or partly participate in their regular training were collected...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893394/biceps-tenotomy-in-the-presence-of-a-supraspinatus-tear-alters-the-adjacent-intact-tendons-and-glenoid-cartilage
#10
Zakary M Beach, Jennica J Tucker, Stephen J Thomas, Katherine E Reuther, Chancellor F Gray, Chang-Soo Lee, David L Glaser, Louis J Soslowsky
A rotator cuff tear is a common injury in athletes and workers who repeatedly perform overhead movements, and it is not uncommon for this demographic to return to activity shortly after treatment. A biceps tenotomy is often performed in the presence of a rotator cuff tear to help reduce pain and improve joint function. However, the effect of this procedure on the surrounding tissues in the glenohumeral joint is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a biceps tenotomy in the presence of a supraspinatus rotator cuff tear followed by overuse activity on ambulatory function and mechanical and histologic properties of the remaining rotator cuff tendons and glenoid cartilage...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875127/synthesis-of-evidence-for-the-treatment-of-intersection-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Konstantine Balakatounis, Antonios G Angoules, Nikolaos A Angoules, Kalomoira Panagiotopoulou
Intersection syndrome is a rare sports overuse injury occurring through friction at the intersection of the first and second compartment of the forearm. Differential diagnosis must be carefully made, especially from De Quervain tendonsynovitis. Clinical examination provides with the necessary information for diagnosis, still magnetic resonance imaging scans and ultrasonography may assist in diagnosis. Treatment consists mainly of rest, use of a thumb spica splint, analgetic and oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and after 2-3 wk progressive stretching and muscle strengthening...
August 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872394/abdominal-circumference-versus-body-mass-index-as-predictors-of-lower-extremity-overuse-injury-risk
#12
Nathaniel S Nye, Drew S Kafer, Cara H Olsen, David H Carnahan, Paul F Crawford
BACKGROUND: Abdominal circumference (AC) is superior to body mass index (BMI) as a measure of risk for various health outcomes. Our objective was to compare AC and BMI as predictors of lower extremity overuse injury (LEOI) risk. METHODS: Retrospective review of electronic medical records of 79,868 United States Air Force personnel over a 7-year period (2005-2011) for incidence of new LEOI. Subjects were stratified by BMI and AC. Injury risk for BMI/AC subgroups was calculated using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards regression...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855793/the-use-of-compression-tack-and-flossing-along-with-lacrosse-ball-massage-to-treat-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy-in-an-adolescent-athlete-a-case-report
#13
Jennifer Borda, Mitchell Selhorst
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy is an overuse injury that often affects individuals engaged in recreational or competitive level activity. Although most patients experience satisfactory results with therapy, a substantial portion fail to respond to traditional treatment. The purpose of this case study is to describe the successful use of compression tack and flossing (CTF) with lacrosse ball massage (LBM) in the treatment of an adolescent athlete with Achilles tendinopathy who had failed to respond to traditional treatment...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835511/retrospective-analysis-of-four-year-injury-data-from-the-infantry-training-centre-catterick
#14
Robert Heagerty, J Sharma, J Cayton, N Goodwin
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal injury (MSKI) represents a considerable threat to the effectiveness and productivity of military organisations globally. The impact on the medical chain, occupational disposal with associated loss of working days and associated financial burden have far-reaching consequence. The moral and legal responsibility to reduce avoidable injuries through risk assessment and prevention strategies is fundamental to governance and a key component of best practice. METHODS: A retrospective observational analysis was performed of 4101 MSKIs presenting from a total inflow of 10 498 British Army Infantry recruits recorded over four consecutive training years between 2012 and 2016...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813363/psychosocial-factors-and-sport-injuries-prediction-prevention-and-future-research-directions
#15
REVIEW
Urban Johnson, Andreas Ivarsson
This review provides an overview of recent theoretical and empirical developments regarding psychosocial factors related to the prediction and prevention of sport injuries, and highlights some of the most interesting areas of investigation that have been carried out in the past few years. For instance, a systematic review of the most cited and used theoretical framework in the field has recently been performed, which supports the model's suggestion that psychosocial variables, as well as psychologically based interventions, can influence injury risk among athletes...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810990/gait-and-functional-outcomes-for-young-active-males-with-traumatic-unilateral-transfemoral-limb-loss
#16
Caitlin E Mahon, Alison L Pruziner, Brad D Hendershot, Erik J Wolf, Benjamin J Darter, K Bo Foreman, Joseph B Webster
OBJECTIVE: Altered body structures that occur with the loss of a lower limb can impact mobility and quality of life. Specifically, biomechanical changes that result from wearing a prosthesis have been associated with an increased risk of falls or joint degeneration, as well as increased energy demands. While previous studies describing these outcomes are typically limited by number of outcome measures and/or small, diverse patient groups, recent military conflicts present a unique opportunity to collect outcomes from a relatively homogenous, active patient population with limb loss...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804727/development-of-a-prediction-model-for-stress-fracture-during-an-intensive-physical-training-program-the-royal-marines-commandos
#17
Maria T Sanchez-Santos, Trish Davey, Kirsten M Leyland, Adrian J Allsopp, Susan A Lanham-New, Andrew Judge, Nigel K Arden, Joanne L Fallowfield
BACKGROUND: Stress fractures (SFs) are one of the more severe overuse injuries in military training, and therefore, knowledge of potential risk factors is needed to assist in developing mitigating strategies. PURPOSE: To develop a prediction model for risk of SF in Royal Marines (RM) recruits during an arduous military training program. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: RM recruits (N = 1082; age range, 16-33 years) who enrolled between September 2009 and July 2010 were prospectively followed through the 32-week RM training program...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800005/the-effects-of-british-army-footwear-on-ground-reaction-force-and-temporal-parameters-of-british-army-foot-drill
#18
Alex J Rawcliffe, Scott M Graham, Richard J Simpson, Gavin L Moir, Russell Jj Martindale, Stelios G Psycharakis, Chris Connaboy
High rates of occupational training-related lower-limb musculoskeletal [MSK] overuse injuries are reported for British Army recruits during basic training. Foot-drill is a repetitive impact loading occupational activity and involves striking the ground violently with an extended-knee [straight-leg] landing. Foot-drill produces vertical ground reaction forces [vGRF] equal to and/or greater than those reported for high-level plyometric exercises/activities. Shock absorbing footwear aid in the attenuation of the magnitude of vGRF, resulting in a reduced risk of lower-limb MSK overuse injury when running...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795014/evaluation-and-management-of-lower-back-pain-in-young-athletes
#19
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Elizabeth Kinsella
Lower back pain in young athletes is a common problem. The prevalence of back pain from different causes in adolescent age group is between 20% and 30%. However, the incidence of low back pain in young athletes varies widely in different sports. Overuse injuries are the most common cause of low back pain in young athletes. In case of overuse injuries, the cause and effect relationship between back pain and specific condition is often difficult to establish. In adolescent athletes, the most common underlying identified cause of low back pain is lumbar spondylolysis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795010/evaluation-and-management-of-knee-pain-in-young-athletes-overuse-injuries-of-the-knee
#20
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Ana Villalobos
Recurrent or chronic activity related knee pain is common in young athletes. Numerous intrinsic conditions affecting the knee can cause such pain. In addition, knee pain can be referred pain from low back, hip or pelvic pathology. The most common cause of knee pain in young athletes is patellofemoral pain syndrome, or more appropriately termed idiopathic anterior knee pain. Although, numerous anatomical and biomechanical factors have been postulated to contribute the knee pain in young athletes, the most common underlying reason is overuse injury...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
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