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Overuse injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342723/effects-of-eccentric-overload-training-on-patellar-tendon-and-vastus-lateralis-in-three-days-of-consecutive-running
#1
Fernando Sanz-López, César Berzosa, Fidel Hita-Contreras, Antonio Martínez-Amat
BACKGROUND: The analysis of structural changes in patellar tendon and muscle of healthy subjects in response to mechanical loads provides useful insight into the mechanism underlying overuse injuries. METHODS: Changes produced in tendon and muscles structures after eccentric overload training and three consecutive running days were examined. Twenty healthy subjects were recruited and divided into two groups. One group (ECC) performed eccentric overload squat training (six weeks)...
March 22, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298481/categorization-of-national-pediatric-quality-measures
#2
Samantha A House, Eric R Coon, Alan R Schroeder, Shawn L Ralston
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The number of quality measures has grown dramatically in recent years. This growth has outpaced research characterizing content and impact of these metrics. Our study aimed to identify and classify nationally promoted quality metrics applicable to children, both by type and by content, and to analyze the representation of common pediatric issues among available measures. METHODS: We identified nationally applicable quality measure collections from organizational databases or clearinghouses, federal Web sites, and key informant interviews and then screened each measure for pediatric applicability...
March 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298059/groin-problems-in-male-soccer-players-are-more-common-than-previously-reported
#3
Joar Harøy, Ben Clarsen, Kristian Thorborg, Per Hölmich, Roald Bahr, Thor Einar Andersen
BACKGROUND: The majority of surveillance studies in soccer have used a time-;loss injury definition, and many groin problems result from overuse, leading to gradually increasing pain and/or reduced performance without necessarily causing an absence from soccer training or match play. Thus, the magnitude of groin problems in soccer has probably been underestimated in previous studies based on traditional injury surveillance methods. PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of groin problems among soccer players of both sexes and among male soccer players at different levels of play through a new surveillance method developed to capture acute and overuse problems...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288281/the-association-of-sport-specialization-and-training-volume-with-injury-history-in-youth-athletes
#4
Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Jeremy W Riekena, Scott Hetzel, Timothy A McGuine, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell
BACKGROUND: Recommendations exist to encourage safe youth participation in sport. These recommendations include not specializing in 1 sport, limiting participation to less than 8 months per year, and limiting participation to fewer hours per week than a child's age. However, limited evidence exists to support or refute these recommendations. HYPOTHESIS: High levels of specialization will be associated with a history of injuries and especially overuse injuries, independent of age, sex, or weekly sport training hours...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287685/care-of-shoulder-pain-in-the-overhead-athlete
#5
Joseph Chorley, Richard E Eccles, Armand Scurfield
Shoulder complaints are common in the overhead athlete. Understanding the biomechanics of throwing and swimming requires understanding the importance of maintaining the glenohumeral relationship of the shoulder. Capsular laxity, humeral retrotorsion, glenoid retroversion, glenohumeral internal rotation deficit, and scapular dyskinesis can all contribute to shoulder dysfunction and pain. Injuries are more likely during peak height velocity, especially when coupled with overuse, previous injuries not adequately treated, or change in the demands on the shoulder such as a new technique, bigger field, or longer race...
March 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282745/overuse-wrist-injuries-in-young-athletes-what-do-sports-physicians-consider-important-signals-and-functional-limitations
#6
Laura S Kox, P Paul F M Kuijer, Jip Opperman, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Mario Maas, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
This study's objective was to collect items from experienced sports physicians, relating to the presence and severity of overuse wrist injuries in young athletes, for developing a measurement instrument for signals of overuse wrist injury. Seven Dutch elite sports physicians involved in guidance and treatment of young athletes in wrist-loading sports (gymnastics, tennis, judo, field hockey, volleyball and rowing) participated in a focus group. They discussed signals and limitations related to overuse wrist injuries in young athletes...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282471/how-much-training-is-too-much
#7
EDITORIAL
Bronwen J Ackermann
Managing training practices in elite performance domains is recognised to play an important role in preventing musculoskeletal overload, and hence reducing the risk of overuse-related injuries. In international studies spanning four decades, the duration of playing, especially in combination with sudden increases in playing and inadequate rest breaks, remains one of the most common causes of injuries. With musculoskeletal performance in occupational and sports domains, both the work:rest ratio and the acute:chronic workload ratio are considered critical in making an approximate determination in the length of training sessions...
March 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253031/the-relationship-between-training-load-and-injury-in-men-s-professional-basketball-players
#8
Kaitlyn J Weiss, Sian V Allen, Mike R McGuigan, Chris S Whatman
PURPOSE: To establish the relationship between the acute:chronic workload ratio and lower extremity overuse injuries in professional basketball players over the course of a competitive season. METHODS: The acute:chronic workload ratio was determined by calculating the sum of the current week's session rate of perceived exertion (sRPE) training load (acute load) and dividing it by the average weekly training load over the previous four weeks (chronic load). All injuries were recorded weekly using a self-reported injury questionnaire (Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre Injury Questionnaire(20)) Workload ratios were modelled against injury data using a logistic regression model with unique intercepts for each player...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242569/uphill-walking-biomechanical-demand-on-the-lower-extremities-of-obese-adolescents
#9
Gerda Strutzenberger, Nathalie Alexander, Dominik Bamboschek, Elisabeth Claas, Helmut Langhof, Hermann Schwameder
The number of obesity prevalence in adolescents is still increasing. Obesity treatment programs typically include physical activity with walking being recommended as appropriate activity, but limited information exists on the demand uphill walking places on the joint loading and power of obese adolescents. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different inclinations on step characteristics, sagittal and frontal joint angles, joint moments and joint power of obese adolescents in comparison to their normal-weight peers...
February 20, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236094/-diseases-and-overuse-injuries-of-the-lower-extremities-in-long-distance-runners
#10
REVIEW
M Tschopp, F Brunner
Running is one of the most popular sports worldwide, with running events attracting hundreds of thousands of runners of all age groups. Running is an effective way to improve health but is also associated with a high risk of injuries. Up to 50% of regular runners report having more than one injury each year. Some injuries are caused by an accident but most are caused by overuse. The most frequent diagnoses are patellofemoral pain syndrome, tibial stress syndrome (shin splint), Achilles tendinopathy, iliotibial band friction syndrome (runner's knee), plantar fasciitis and stress fractures of the metatarsals and tibia...
February 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228895/obturator-internus-muscle-strains
#11
Caoimhe Byrne, Abdullah Alkhayat, Pat O'Neill, Stephen Eustace, Eoin Kavanagh
We report 2 cases of obturator internus muscle strains. The injuries occurred in young male athletes involved in kicking sports. Case 1 details an acute obturator internus muscle strain with associated adductor longus strain. Case 2 details an overuse injury of the bilateral obturator internus muscles. In each case, magnetic resonance imaging played a crucial role in accurate diagnosis.
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217804/-changes-of-perimysial-junctional-plates-induced-by-excessive-eccentric%C3%A2-training-and-the-effects-of-acupuncture-intervention
#12
Mei Kong, Xiang Zhang, Mei-Ling Ye, Xue-Lin Zhang
This study aimed to investigate the effects of acupuncture intervention on excessive eccentric training-induced changes of perimysial junctional plates (PJPs) domain. Thirty healthy male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to 5 groups: control group, four-week training group, four-week training + 1-week recovery group and four-week training + 1-week acupuncture group. Rats were subjected to continuous excessive eccentric training for 4 weeks (incline -16°, speed 16-20 m/min, 60-90 min/d, 5 day per week), and then were subjected to one-week spontaneous recovery or one-week recovery with acupuncture intervention (a piece of filiform needle for 4 min every day)...
February 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209569/injury-rates-in-recreational-tennis-players-do-not-differ-between-different-playing-surfaces
#13
Babette M Pluim, Benjamin Clarsen, Evert Verhagen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in the prevalence of tennis injuries between the four most common court surfaces in the Netherlands, including hard court, clay, sand-fill artificial grass and red-sand-fill artificial grass. Natural grass was not included in this study. METHODS: This was a repeated cross-sectional study over 6 months, involving members of the Royal Netherlands Lawn Tennis Association (KNLTB). A monthly questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 20 000 KNLTB members, stratified by their club's playing surface...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165873/overuse-physeal-injuries-in-youth-athletes
#14
Amanda Arnold, Charles A Thigpen, Paul F Beattie, Michael J Kissenberth, Ellen Shanley
CONTEXT: Despite rising awareness of the risks associated with sports participation, overuse injuries continue to increase in youth athlete populations. Physeal injuries are one type of overuse injury exclusive to pediatric populations that are often sustained during athletic practice or competition. Overuse physeal injuries are, in theory, preventable; however, little consensus has been reached surrounding the risk factors, prevention, and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review summarizes the best available evidence concerning overuse physeal injuries in youth and adolescent athletes...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163572/knee-problems-and-its-associated-factors-among-active-cyclists-in-eastern-province-saudi-arabia
#15
Abdullatif K Althunyan, Magdy A Darwish, Moataza M Abdel Wahab
INTRODUCTION: Bicycling is one of the most enjoyable aerobic exercises recommended for the promotion of an individual's health. The Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia has seen a huge increase in the number of people who cycle. People have different goals for bicycling, but the injuries they sustain are common. Most of them relate to overuse, particularly of lower body joints. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of knee problems and factors associated with knee pain in cyclists...
January 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160810/non-battle-injuries-among-u-s-army-soldiers-deployed-to-afghanistan-and-iraq-2001-2013
#16
Avni A Patel, Keith G Hauret, Bonnie J Taylor, Bruce H Jones
INTRODUCTION: Many non-battle injuries among deployed soldiers are due to occupational-related tasks. Given that non-battle injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, occupational safety and health are of great concern to the military. Some of the leading causes of non-battle injuries in the military are also common in non-military occupational settings. Nationally, falls and motor-vehicle accidents are leading causes of non-fatal occupational injuries in the civilian workforce...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155066/pediatric-musculoskeletal-injuries-role-of-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#17
REVIEW
C L Piccolo, M Galluzzo, S Ianniello, M Trinci, A Russo, E Rossi, M Zeccolini, A Laporta, G Guglielmi, V Miele
Pediatric musculoskeletal system is particularly prone to traumatic and sports-related injuries, both acute and chronic, i.e., overuse injuries, because of inherent conditions of weakness, such as the open physis, representing the weakest aspect within the bone, the ligamentous supports and changing biomechanics. Being aware that a quick diagnosis is essential to preserve the good functionality of the limb involved, it is mandatory for the radiologist to recognize the most common patterns of these injuries, identifying those requiring a prompt surgery, as well as be confident with the technique performed, and be supported by an important background experience and knowledge skills...
March 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139042/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-injuries-and-their-impact-on-academic-success-a-prospective-study-in-pete-students
#18
S Bliekendaal, L Goossens, J H Stubbe
Injuries can have a major impact on the physical performance and academic career of physical education teacher education (PETE) students. To investigate the injury problem, risk factors, and the impact of injuries on academic success, 252 PETE students were followed during their first semester. Risk factor analysis was conducted by means of logistic regression analysis with a differentiation for upper body, lower body, acute, overuse, and severe injuries. An incidence of 1.26 injuries/student/semester was found...
January 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137443/extra-articular-subcutaneous-inverted-king-post-truss-ligament-reconstruction-for-severe-swan-neck-deformity-snapping-finger
#19
X de Soras, P de Mourgues, P Pradel, J-P Urien, E Beaudoin
A swan neck deformity (SND) can be well tolerated for a long time, until the appearance of a disabling "snapping finger". In its most advanced condition, the other hand is needed to initiate finger flexion. We propose a technique of extra-articular, subcutaneous ligament reconstruction with an "inverted king post-truss" configuration use in roofs and to reinforce railway bridges. An artificial ligament (MaxBraid™ polyethylene surgical suture, 5 metric, Biomet) makes a figure of eight between transosseous tunnels in the proximal and middle phalanges, crossing over top of the A3 pulley...
February 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101329/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are often described as overuse or traumatic. Little is known about the frequency of overuse injuries and, in particular, if they vary between different types of sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses of overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) and anatomical areas most likely to be injured in adults and to compare these findings with those reported in youngsters, as identified in a previous review...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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