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Overuse injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792280/resource-utilization-and-indications-for-helicopter-transport-of-head-injured-children
#1
Clay M Elswick, Deidre Wyrick, Lori A Gurien, Malik Rettiganti, Marie Gowen, Ambre' Pownall, Diaa Bahgat, R Todd Maxson, Eylem Öcal, Gregory W Albert
INTRODUCTION: Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) have provided benefit for severely injured patients. However, HEMS are likely overused for the transportation of both adult and pediatric trauma patients. In this study, we aim to evaluate the degree of overuse of helicopter as a mode of transport for head-injured children. In addition, we propose criteria that can be used to determine if a particular patient is suitable for air versus ground transport. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified patients who were transported to our facility for head injuries...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791183/a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-overuse-running-injuries-the-runners-and-injury-longitudinal-study-trails
#2
Stephen P Messier, David F Martin, Shannon L Mihalko, Edward Ip, Paul DeVita, D Wayne Cannon, Monica Love, Danielle Beringer, Santiago Saldana, Rebecca E Fellin, Joseph F Seay
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, noting flaws in previous running injury research, called for more rigorous prospective designs and comprehensive analyses to define the origin of running injuries. PURPOSE: To determine the risk factors that differentiate recreational runners who remain uninjured from those diagnosed with an overuse running injury during a 2-year observational period. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788209/musculoskeletal-injuries-among-female-soldiers-working-with-dogs
#3
Haggai Schermann, Isabella Karakis, Ran Ankory, Assaf Kadar, Victoria Yoffe, Amir Shlaifer, Ran Yanovich
Introduction: Female soldiers serving in the Israeli Defense Forces canine unit may be at increased risk of overuse injuries related to working with military dogs. We hypothesized that this particular type of occupational exposure may lead to an increased strain of the upper extremity due to such non-physiologic motions as pulling the dog's strap or resisting the sudden pulling by the dog, and may result in an increased rate of overuse injuries. Materials and Methods: We compared incidence of overuse injuries in a retrospective cohort of female soldiers who served either in the military working dogs' unit (MWD), or in the light infantry battalions (Infantry) from 2005 to 2015...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787473/factors-contributing-to-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-in-runners-a-prospective-study
#4
James Becker, Mimi Nakajima, Will F W Wu
PURPOSE: Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is one of the most common overuse injuries sustained by runners. Despite the prevalence of this injury, risk factors for developing MTSS remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate differences in passive range of motion, muscle strength, plantar pressure distributions, and running kinematics between runners who developed MTSS and those who did not. METHODS: 24 NCAA Division 1 cross country runners participated in this study...
May 22, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783763/integrated-framework-of-load-monitoring-by-a-combination-of-smartphone-applications-wearables-and-point-of-care-testing-provides-feedback-that-allows-individual-responsive-adjustments-to-activities-of-daily-living
#5
Peter Düking, Silvia Achtzehn, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Billy Sperlich
Athletes schedule their training and recovery in periods, often utilizing a pre-defined strategy. To avoid underperformance and/or compromised health, the external load during training should take into account the individual's physiological and perceptual responses. No single variable provides an adequate basis for planning, but continuous monitoring of a combination of several indicators of internal and external load during training, recovery and off-training as well may allow individual responsive adjustments of a training program in an effective manner...
May 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780846/epidemiology-of-hip-and-groin-injuries-in-collegiate-athletes-in-the-united-states
#6
Yehuda E Kerbel, Christopher M Smith, John P Prodromo, Michael I Nzeogu, Mary K Mulcahey
Background: Hip and groin pain is a common complaint among athletes. Few studies have examined the epidemiology of hip and groin injuries in collegiate athletes across multiple sports. Purpose: To describe the rates, mechanisms, sex-based differences, and severity of hip/groin injuries across 25 collegiate sports. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: Data from the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years were obtained from the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program (NCAA ISP)...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775090/evaluation-of-management-and-guideline-adherence-in-children-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Merel C Broers, Jikke-Mien F Niermeijer, Irene A W Kotsopoulos, Hester F Lingsma, Jos F M Bruinenberg, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets
AIM: To evaluate the management and guideline adherence in children with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) in emergency departments (ED) in the Netherlands. METHODS: A multicentre cohort study was conducted, including children younger than 18 years with MTBI who presented within 24 hours after trauma in the ED of hospitals in the southwest region of the Netherlands, in 2014. Primary outcome measures for management were percentages of performed computed tomography (CT) scans and hospital admissions...
May 18, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771483/managing-shoulder-injuries-in-the-emergency-department-fracture-dislocation-and-overuse
#8
Richard Pescatore, Andrew Nyce
The complex structures of the shoulder can be injured by fracture, dislocation, and overuse, and correctly identifying and classifying injury is essential to avoiding pain, disability, and life- and limb-threatening complications. This issue presents a systematic approach to classifying shoulder injuries based on the mechanism of injury and clinical presentation, choosing appropriate imaging, and determining the best strategies for treatment, including reduction, surgical consultation, or outpatient referral...
June 2018: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769829/creatine-supplementation-supports-the-rehabilitation-of-adolescent-fin-swimmers-in-tendon-overuse-injury-cases
#9
Imre Juhasz, Judit Plachy Kopkane, Pal Hajdu, Gabor Szalay, Bence Kopper, Jozsef Tihanyi
Our purpose was to investigate the effect of creatine (Cr) supplementation on regeneration periods in tendon overuse injury rehabilitation of adolescent fin swimmers. The participants of this study were injured adolescent competitive fin swimmers (n = 18). The subjects were randomly assigned the creatine (CR) or placebo (PL) groups with a double-blind research design. The subjects were given Cr supplementation or received the placebo as part of the conservative treatment of the tendinopathy. We measured the segmental lean mass (SLM;kg), the ankle plantar flexion peak torque (PFT;N·m), the pain intensity (NRS;values), prior to immobilization, after immobilization (R2) and after the 2nd (R4) and 4th (R6) weeks of the rehabilitation period of the injured limb...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762121/friction-syndromes-of-the-knee-the-iliotibial-band-and-anterior-fat-pads
#10
Robert D Wissman, Stephen J Pomeranz
As participation in sporting activities increases among the general population, the incidence of overuse injuries continues to rise. Friction syndromes of the knee are common and are often clinically diagnosed without the need for imaging. However, clinical symptoms may overlap with other joint abnormalities, and physical examination may be limited in individuals with excessive pain. Magnetic resonance imaging has remained the modality of choice for the evaluation of internal derangements of the joints and is a useful aid in the diagnosis of friction syndrome of the knee...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757716/us-assessment-of-sports-related-hip-injuries
#11
Eugen Lungu, Johan Michaud, Nathalie J Bureau
Traumatic and overuse hip injuries occur frequently in amateur and professional athletes. After clinical assessment, imaging plays an important role in diagnosis and in defining care management of these injuries. Ultrasonography (US) is being increasingly used in assessment of hip injuries because of the wide availability of US machines, the lower cost, and the unique real-time imaging capability, which allows both static and dynamic evaluation as well as guidance of point-of-care interventions such as fluid aspiration and steroid injection...
May 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746146/predictors-of-elbow-torque-among-youth-and-adolescent-baseball-pitchers
#12
Kelechi R Okoroha, Vincent A Lizzio, Fabien Meta, Christopher S Ahmad, Vasilios Moutzouros, Eric C Makhni
BACKGROUND: There has been an increasing incidence of overuse elbow injuries among youth and adolescent pitchers. Pitch type has been implicated as a risk factor for excess torque at the medial elbow; however, this has not been definitively demonstrated. PURPOSE: To assess predictors of torque across the medial elbow in youth and adolescent pitchers with a mobile sensor. In addition, the authors aimed to determine the differences in elbow torque produced according to pitch type (fastball, curveball, changeup) and pitcher demographics...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738486/shoe-insole-technology-for-injury-prevention-in-walking
#13
REVIEW
Hanatsu Nagano, Rezaul K Begg
Impaired walking increases injury risk during locomotion, including falls-related acute injuries and overuse damage to lower limb joints. Gait impairments seriously restrict voluntary, habitual engagement in injury prevention activities, such as recreational walking and exercise. There is, therefore, an urgent need for technology-based interventions for gait disorders that are cost effective, willingly taken-up, and provide immediate positive effects on walking. Gait control using shoe-insoles has potential as an effective population-based intervention, and new sensor technologies will enhance the effectiveness of these devices...
May 8, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738281/epidemiology-of-figure-skating-injuries-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Julie S Han, Ellen T Geminiani, Lyle J Micheli
CONTEXT: As the popularity and technical demands of figure skating increase, so will the number of athletes presenting with sport-related problems. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Searches were performed across PubMed from 1980 to 2017. The keywords searched were skating, skaters, incidence, and injuries. The search was limited to English-language articles and human participants. Relevant articles were cross-referenced. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728835/muscle-tendon-related-abnormalities-detected-by-ultrasonography-are-common-in-symptomatic-hip-dysplasia
#15
Julie Sandell Jacobsen, Lars Bolvig, Per Hölmich, Kristian Thorborg, Stig Storgaard Jakobsen, Kjeld Søballe, Inger Mechlenburg
INTRODUCTION: Hip dysplasia is characterized by reduced acetabular coverage of the femoral head leading to an increased mechanical load on the hip joint and the acting hip muscles. Potentially, the muscles and tendons functioning close to the hip joint may present with overuse-related ultrasonography findings. The primary aim was to report the prevalence of muscle-tendon-related abnormalities detected by ultrasonography in 100 patients with symptomatic hip dysplasia. The secondary aim was to investigate correlations between muscle-tendon-related abnormalities detected by ultrasonography and clinically identified pain related to muscles and tendons...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722771/effects-of-early-diagnosis-of-the-wrist-over-use-syndrome-on-the-treatment
#16
Adnana Talić Tanović, Edina Tanović, Mevludin Mekić, Ivanka Mađar Šimić, Adnan Papović, Hadžan Konjo
Aim To demonstrate the effects of early diagnosis of overuse syndrome in the wrist on healing, pain intensity and quick recovery to daily work and sport activities. Methods This clinical retrospective study included 60 patients of both sexes aged from 22 to 44 years, with pain in the wrist and clinical signs of creeping tenosynovitis. Patients were divided into two groups: the first group - persons doing sports activity, and the second group - patients who did not deal with sports activities. Results Females in 31 (51...
August 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712549/achilles-pain-stiffness-and-muscle-power-deficits-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-revision-2018-using-the-evidence-to-guide-physical-therapist-practice
#17
(no author information available yet)
Midportion Achilles tendinopathy is a relatively common, overuse, lower extremity soft tissue injury for individuals who are active and participate in sports. The clinical practice guideline published in the May 2018 issue of JOSPT, titled "Achilles Pain, Stiffness, and Muscle Power Deficits: Midportion Achilles Tendinopathy Revision 2018," can help physical therapists engage in evidence-informed practice and reduce unnecessary clinical variation. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(5):425-426. doi:10...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699823/accelerometer-based-prediction-of-running-injury-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-track-athletes
#18
Dovin Kiernan, David A Hawkins, Martin A C Manoukian, Madeline McKallip, Laura Oelsner, Charles F Caskey, Crystal L Coolbaugh
Running-related injuries (RRI) may result from accumulated microtrauma caused by combinations of high load magnitudes (vertical ground reaction forces; vGRFs) and numbers (strides). Yet relationships between vGRF and RRI remain unclear - potentially because previous research has largely been constrained to collecting vGRFs in laboratory settings and ignoring relationships between RRI and stride number. In this preliminary proof-of-concept study, we addressed these constraints: Over a 60-day period, each time collegiate athletes (n = 9) ran they wore a hip-mounted activity monitor that collected accelerations throughout the entire run...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679207/the-swimmer-s-shoulder-multi-directional-instability
#19
REVIEW
Ivan De Martino, Scott A Rodeo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Swimmer's shoulder is the term used to describe the problem of shoulder pain in swimmers. Originally described as supraspinatus tendon impingement under the coracoacromial arch, it is now understood that several different pathologies can cause shoulder pain in competitive swimmers, including subacromial impingement syndrome, overuse and subsequent muscle fatigue, scapular dyskinesis, and laxity and instability. RECENT FINDINGS: Swimmers may develop increased shoulder laxity over time due to repetitive use...
April 20, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671490/common-running-injuries-evaluation-and-management
#20
Michael J Arnold, Aaron L Moody
Running is a common form of exercise but predisposes athletes to several running-related injuries. Most running injuries are due to overuse and respond to conservative treatment. Tendinopathies in the patellar, Achilles, and hamstring tendons are common, and are primarily treated with eccentric exercise. Iliotibial band syndrome and patellofemoral pain syndrome are less common than patellar tendinopathy and are treated by strengthening exercises for the core and legs in addition to flexibility exercises. Acute hamstring strains and medial tibial stress syndrome require a period of relative rest, followed by stretching and graded return to activity...
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
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