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Overuse injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544949/the-influence-of-shoe-aging-on-children-running-biomechanics
#1
Alexis Herbaut, Pascale Chavet, Maxime Roux, Nils Guéguen, Franck Barbier, Emilie Simoneau-Buessinger
Athletic children are prone to overuse injuries, especially at the heel and knee. Since footwear is an extrinsic factor of lower limb injury risk, the aim of this study was to assess the influence of shoe aging on children running biomechanics. Fourteen children active in sports participated in a laboratory biomechanical evaluation. A new pair of shoes was provided to each participant at an inclusion visit. Four months later, the participants performed a running task and their kinematics and kinetics were assessed both with their used shoes and with a new pair of shoes identical to the first...
May 17, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535848/potential-predictors-of-injury-among-pre-professional-ballet-and-contemporary-dancers
#2
Rebecca K Yau, Yvonne M Golightly, David B Richardson, Cristin D Runfola, Anna E Waller, Stephen W Marshall
Injuries occur frequently among ballet and contemporary dancers. However, limited literature exists on injuries to pre-professional dancers in the USA. The goals of this study were to 1. provide a descriptive epidemiology of the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries in an adolescent and young adult dance population and 2. identify parsimonious regression models that could be potentially used to predict injury incidence. The study was based at the University of North Carolina School of the Arts (UNCSA) from Fall 2009 to Spring 2015...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527083/shared-mechanisms-of-epilepsy-migraine-and-affective-disorders
#3
Davide Zarcone, Simona Corbetta
Since the nineteenth century several clinical features have been observed in common between migraine and epilepsy (such as episodic attacks, triggering factors, presence of aura, frequent familiarity), but only in recent years researchers have really engaged in finding a common pathogenic mechanism. From studies of disease incidence, we understand how either migraine among patients with epilepsy or epilepsy among migraine patients are more frequent than in the general population. This association may result from a direct causality, by the same environmental risk factors and/or by a common genetic susceptibility...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526667/patient-centered-decision-support-formative-usability-evaluation-of-integrated-clinical-decision-support-with-a-patient-decision-aid-for-minor-head-injury-in-the-emergency-department
#4
Edward R Melnick, Erik P Hess, George Guo, Maggie Breslin, Kevin Lopez, Anthony J Pavlo, Fuad Abujarad, Seth M Powsner, Lori A Post
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Computed Tomography (CT) Head Rule, a clinical decision rule designed to safely reduce imaging in minor head injury, has been rigorously validated and implemented, and yet expected decreases in CT were unsuccessful. Recent work has identified empathic care as a key component in decreasing CT overuse. Health information technology can hinder the clinician-patient relationship. Patient-centered decision tools to support the clinician-patient relationship are needed to promote evidence-based decisions...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512432/whole-body-cryotherapy-in-athletes-from-therapy-to-stimulation-an-updated-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Giovanni Lombardi, Ewa Ziemann, Giuseppe Banfi
Nowadays, whole-body cryotherapy is a medical physical treatment widely used in sports medicine. Recovery from injuries (e.g., trauma, overuse) and after-season recovery are the main purposes for application. However, the most recent studies confirmed the anti-inflammatory, anti-analgesic, and anti-oxidant effects of this therapy by highlighting the underlying physiological responses. In addition to its therapeutic effects, whole-body cryotherapy has been demonstrated to be a preventive strategy against the deleterious effects of exercise-induced inflammation and soreness...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510641/community-level-football-injury-epidemiology-traumatic-injuries-treated-at-swedish-emergency-medical-facilities
#6
Toomas Timpka, Jan Schyllander, Diana Stark Ekman, Robert Ekman, Örjan Dahlström, Martin Hägglund, Karolina Kristenson, Jenny Jacobsson
Despite the popularity of the sport, few studies have investigated community-level football injury patterns. This study examines football injuries treated at emergency medical facilities using data from three Swedish counties. An open-cohort design was used based on residents aged 0-59 years in three Swedish counties (pop. 645 520). Data were collected from emergency medical facilities in the study counties between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2010. Injury frequencies and proportions for age groups stratified by sex were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) and displayed per diagnostic group and body location...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503539/differences-in-pes-planus-and-pes-cavus-subtalar-eversion-inversion-before-and-after-prolonged-running-using-a-two-dimensional-digital-analysis
#7
Charlotte Sinclair, Ulla Svantesson, Rita Sjöström, Marie Alricsson
In sports, there is a constant discussion about the hyper-pronation and supination of the foot during loading and its relation to injuries or discomfort. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possible differences in the subtalar joint in the midstance phase of running, between individuals with Pes Planus and Pes Cavus, after 5 min and 45 min of running. Thirty-four subjects, meeting the requirements for Pes Planus (30 feet) and Pes Cavus (35 feet), according to the criteria for Medial Longitudinal Arch-angle, were included in the study...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481686/lower-extremity-joint-loads-in-habitual-rearfoot-and-mid-forefoot-strike-runners-with-normal-and-shortened-stride-lengths
#8
Elizabeth R Boyer, Timothy R Derrick
Our purpose was to compare joint loads between habitual rearfoot (hRF) and habitual mid/forefoot strikers (hFF), rearfoot (RFS) and mid/forefoot strike (FFS) patterns, and shorter stride lengths (SLs). Thirty-eight hRF and hFF ran at their normal SL, 5% and 10% shorter, as well as with the opposite foot strike. Three-dimensional ankle, knee, patellofemoral (PF) and hip contact forces were calculated. Nearly all contact forces decreased with a shorter SL (1.2-14.9% relative to preferred SL). In general, hRF had higher PF (hRF-RFS: 10...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460179/manipulation-of-foot-strike-and-footwear-increases-achilles-tendon-loading-during-running
#9
Hannah Rice, Mubarak Patel
BACKGROUND: The Achilles tendon is the most common site of tendon overuse injury in humans. Running with a forefoot strike pattern and in minimal shoes is a topic of recent interest, yet evidence is currently limited regarding the combined influence of foot strike and footwear on Achilles tendon loading. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of both foot strike and footwear on Achilles tendon loading in habitual rearfoot strike runners. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439058/-calcium-and-bone-metabolism-across-women-s-life-stages-stress-fracture-in-female-athletes
#10
Kazuyoshi Yagishita
Stress fractures are common overuse injuries in athletes, especially in long-distance runner, jumping sports and gymnastics in female athletes. The pathology of stress fracture mainly includes repeated biomechanical loading, which leads to bone micro-damage and failure of bone structure. Female athlete triad(FAT), which includes low energy availability with or without an eating disorder, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and osteoporosis, is a serious healthcare concern in female athletes. For prevention and treatment of stress fracture, management of biomechanical factors modifying the load applied to a bone is important, and especially in female athletes, management for FAT is one of the important factors...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430016/the-use-of-intravenous-lidocaine-for-the-management-of-acute-pain-secondary-to-traumatic-ankle-injury
#11
Billy Sin, Diana Gritsenko, Grace Tam, Kimberly Koop, Eva Mok
Sports-related injuries are a frequent cause of visits to the emergency department (ED) across the United States. A majority of these injuries affect the lower extremities with the ankle as the most frequently reported site. Most sports-related injuries are not severe enough to require inpatient hospitalization; however, they often lead to acute distress and pain which require prompt treatment with analgesics. Approximately 22% of patients who presented to the ED required pharmacotherapy for acute pain management...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420998/instant-biofeedback-provided-by-wearable-sensor-technology-can-help-to-optimize-exercise-and-prevent-injury-and-overuse
#12
Peter Düking, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Billy Sperlich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411737/neck-posture-during-lifting-and-its-effect-on-trunk-muscle-activation-and-lumbar-spine-posture
#13
Thomas M Hlavenka, Vanessa F K Christner, Diane E Gregory
Neck and head posture have been found to have a significant influence on the posture of the lower spine region during lifting and both an extended/upward gaze and a flexed/downward gaze have been hypothesized to lead to increased pain and/or overuse of the neck musculature. As a result, strength training recommendations have turned to the use of a retracted neck posture as being the safer posture to assume during lifting. This study examined trunk and neck muscle activity and lumbar spine posture in seven participants while performing moderate load lifts using a retracted neck posture (chin drawn in posteriorly; recently gaining popularity among coaches, trainers, and physical therapists to reduce neck pain during lifting, and freestyle neck posture (no instructions given)...
July 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410572/incidence-of-infection-following-internal-fixation-of-open-and-closed-tibia-fractures-in-india-infiniti-a-multi-centre-observational-cohort-study
#14
Prakash Doshi, Hitesh Gopalan, Sheila Sprague, Chetan Pradhan, Sunil Kulkarni, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a major public health problem, particularly in India due to the country's rapid urbanization. Tibia fractures are a common and often complicated injury that is at risk of infection following surgical fixation. The primary objectives of this cohort study were to determine the incidence of infection within one year of surgery and to describe the distribution of infections by location and time of diagnosis for tibia fractures in India. METHODS: We conducted a multi-center, prospective cohort study...
April 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391750/incidence-aetiology-and-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-volleyball-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
O Kilic, M Maas, E Verhagen, J Zwerver, V Gouttebarge
Currently, there is no overview of the incidence and (volleyball-specific) risk factors of musculoskeletal injuries among volleyball players, nor any insight into the effect of preventive measures on the incidence of injuries in volleyball. This study aimed to review systematically the scientific evidence on the incidence, prevalence, aetiology and preventive measures of volleyball injuries. To this end, a highly sensitive search strategy was built based on two groups of keywords (and their synonyms). Two electronic databases were searched, namely Medline (biomedical literature) via Pubmed, and SPORTDiscus (sports and sports medicine literature) via EBSCOhost...
July 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391723/the-impact-of-patellar-tendinopathy-on-sports-and-work-performance-in-active-athletes
#16
Astrid J De Vries, Wendy Koolhaas, Johannes Zwerver, Ron L Diercks, Kari Nieuwenhuis, Henk Van Der Worp, Sandra Brouwer, Inge Van Den Akker-Scheek
Greater insight into sports and work performance of athletes with patellar tendinopathy (PT) will help establish the severity of this common overuse injury. Primary aim of this study is to investigate the impact of PT on sports and work performance. Seventy seven active athletes with PT (50 males; age 28.1 ± 8.2 years; Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment Patella 56.4 ± 12.3) participated in this survey. Sports performance, work ability and work productivity were assessed using the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center overuse injury questionnaire, the single-item Work Ability Index and the Quantity and Quality questionnaire, respectively...
April 10, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383282/epidemiology-of-quadriceps-strains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-athletes-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#17
Timothy G Eckard, Zachary Y Kerr, Darin A Padua, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT:   Few researchers have examined the rates and patterns of quadriceps strains in student-athletes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of quadriceps strains in 25 NCAA sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Convenience sample of NCAA programs from 25 sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
May 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376659/kappa-opioid-receptor-antagonists-a-possible-new-class-of-therapeutics-for-migraine-prevention
#18
Jennifer Y Xie, Milena De Felice, Caroline M Kopruszinski, Nathan Eyde, Justin LaVigne, Bethany Remeniuk, Pablo Hernandez, Xu Yue, Naomi Goshima, Michael Ossipov, Tamara King, John M Streicher, Edita Navratilova, David Dodick, Hugh Rosen, Ed Roberts, Frank Porreca
Background Stress is the most commonly reported migraine trigger. Dynorphin, an endogenous opioid peptide acting preferentially at kappa opioid receptors (KORs), is a key mediator of stress responses. The aim of this study was to use an injury-free rat model of functional cephalic pain with features of migraine and medication overuse headache (MOH) to test the possible preventive benefit of KOR blockade on stress-induced cephalic pain. Methods Following sumatriptan priming to model MOH, rats were hyper-responsive to environmental stress, demonstrating delayed cephalic and extracephalic allodynia and increased levels of CGRP in the jugular blood, consistent with commonly observed clinical outcomes during migraine...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364114/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-properties-testing-of-the-arabic-anterior-knee-pain-scale
#19
Abdullah Alshehri, Everett Lohman, Noha S Daher, Khalid Bahijri, Abdulmohsen Alghamdi, Nezar Altorairi, Arin Arnons, Abdullah Matar
BACKGROUND PFPS is one of the most frequently occurring overuse injuries affecting the lower limbs. A variety of functional and self-reported outcome measures have been used to assess clinical outcomes of patients with PFPS, however, only the Anterior Knee Pain Scale (AKPS) has been designed for PFPS patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We followed international recommendations to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the AKPS. The Arabic AKPS and the Arabic RAND 36-item Health Survey were administered to 40 patients who were diagnosed with PFPS...
April 1, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363610/unnecessary-overuse-study-of-inadvisable-practices-for-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#20
M M Ortiz, P Llamas, M Sanmartín, J A Egido, J Del Toro, M I Egocheaga, M S Estévez, I M Navarro, J J Mira
OBJECTIVE: To identify overuse (diagnostic, therapeutic and self-care practices that represent risks that outweigh the potential benefits) in patients with atrial fibrillation. METHOD: The study was based on qualitative research techniques. Using the "Metaplan" technique, we identified and ordered potentially inappropriate, ineffective and inefficient practices. By means of a consensus conference, we then established a number of "inadvisable practice" measures (relatively common practices that should be eliminated based on the scientific evidence or clinical experience)...
March 28, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
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