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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136412/combining-lead-exposure-measurements-and-experts-judgment-through-a-bayesian-framework
#1
Dong-Hee Koh, Ju-Hyun Park, Sang-Gil Lee, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Sangjun Choi, Hyejung Jung, Dong-Uk Park
Objectives: CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX) is a carcinogen-surveillance system employed in many countries. To develop Korean CAREX, the intensity of exposure to lead, as an example, was estimated across industries. Methods: Airborne-lead measurement records were extracted from the work-environment measurement database (WEMD), which is a nationwide workplace-monitoring database. Lead measurements were log-transformed; then, the log-transformed geometric means (LGMs) and log-transformed geometric standard deviations (LGSDs) were calculated for each industry...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125982/disability-in-activities-of-daily-living-among-adults-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Josephine Neo, Lucy Fettes, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Matthew Maddocks
INTRODUCTION: People with cancer frequently report limitation in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs); essential activities required to live independently within society. Although several studies have assessed ADL related disability, variability in assessment, setting, and population means evidence is difficult to interpret. We aimed to determine the prevalence of ADL related disability, overall and by setting, and the most commonly affected ADLs in people living with cancer. METHODS: We searched twelve databases to June 2016 for observational studies assessing ADL disability in adults with cancer...
October 28, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118166/laboratory-focus-on-improving-the-culture-of-biosafety-statewide-risk-assessment-of-clinical-laboratories-that-process-specimens-for-microbiologic-analysis
#3
Erik Munson, Erin J Bowles, Richard Dern, Eric Beck, Raymond P Podzorski, Allen C Bateman, Timothy K Block, Joshua L Kropp, Tyler Radke, Karen Siebers, Brian Simmons, Mary A Smith, Frances Spray-Larson, David M Warshauer
The Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene challenged Wisconsin laboratories to examine their biosafety practices and improve their culture of biosafety. 103 clinical and public health laboratories completed a questionnaire-based, microbiology-focused biosafety risk assessment. Greater than 96% of respondents performed activities related to specimen processing, direct microscopic examination, and rapid non-molecular testing, while approximately 60% performed culture interpretation. Although important to assessing risk, data specific to patient occupation, symptoms, and travel history were often unavailable to the laboratory and, therefore, less contributory to microbiology biosafety risk assessment than information relative to specimen source and test requisition...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093579/-hygiene-and-legal-aspects-of-occupational-exposure-assessment-to-cytostatics
#4
REVIEW
Małgorzata Kupczewska-Dobecka, Anna Pałaszewska-Tkacz, Sławomir Czerczak, Katarzyna Konieczko
The employers responsibilities for the assessment of occupational exposure to cytostatics in the workplace were analyzed in the light of existing legal regulations. Cytostatics may pose a threat to health and life of workers taking care of patients treated oncologically, i.e., pharmacists, physicians, nurses and other personnel. The significant scale of occupational exposure to cytostatics in Poland is confirmed by the data collected in the Central Register of Data on Exposure to Carcinogenic or Mutagenic Substances, Mixtures, Agents or Technological Processes, maintained by the Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland...
October 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075519/evaluation-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-physicians-performing-ultrasound
#5
Paweł Wareluk, Wiesław Jakubowski
AIM OF THE STUDY: Owing to its wide availability, relatively low cost and lack of negative effect on the patient, ultrasound has become the most commonly and readily used imaging modality. However, scanning for increasingly long periods of time on a given day and in a given week tends to negatively affect sonographers' health, primarily resulting with the overuse of the musculoskeletal system, as multiple muscles and joints are engaged during scanning. This research has been aimed at evaluating the prevalence and type of musculoskeletal symptoms among diagnostic medical sonographers, as well as identifying their professional profile...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069694/-glove-disinfection-knowledge-experiences-and-attitudes-of-hygiene-team-members-and-company-physicians
#6
Sebastian Schulz-Stübner, Friedrich Hofmann, Martina Michalis
Background Chemical-resistant single-use gloves allow the practice of glove disinfection. However, there are different recommendations for their use. Material and Methods We conducted a standardized survey during an infection control meeting and an occupational health symposium in order to gain data on knowledge, experiences and attitudes of hygiene team members and occupational health physicians in hospitals with regard to glove disinfection by group comparison. Results 558 out of 1000 questionnaires were returned, among them 246 (44...
October 25, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058297/does-hospital-ownership-influence-hand-hygiene-compliance
#7
Li-Ping Ye, Xin-Ping Zhang, Xiao-Quan Lai
The issue as to whether hospital ownership has an impact on the quality of care has long been a serious concern. Hand hygiene (HH) compliance is regarded as an important indicator of the quality of care in the control of hospital-acquired infections. However, little information is available on whether hospital ownership influences HH compliance. In this study, of 229 hospitals selected from Hubei province in China, 152 were public and 77 were private hospitals. A total of 23 652 healthcare workers (HCWs) were surveyed, using a convenience sampling...
October 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051771/prevalence-predictors-and-economic-burden-of-morbidities-among-waste-pickers-of-mumbai-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Praveen Chokhandre, Shrikant Singh, Gyan Chandra Kashyap
BACKGROUND: The occupation of waste-picking characterised as 3Ds - dangerous, drudgery and demanding. In this context, the study aimed to assess occupational morbidities among the waste-pickers and attempts to identify potential individual level risk factors enhancing health risks. Additionally, economic burden of morbidities has been assessed. METHODS: The burden of the morbidities was assessed and compared with a comparison group through a cross-sectional survey...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046512/guidelines-for-personal-exposure-monitoring-of-chemicals-part-ii
#9
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health. Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041916/early-coordinated-rehabilitation-in-acute-phase-after-hip-fracture-a-model-for-increased-patient-participation
#10
Gillian Asplin, Gunnel Carlsson, Lena Zidén, Gunilla Kjellby-Wendt
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that patients with hip fracture treated in a Comprehensive Geriatric Care (CGC) unit report better results in comparison to orthopaedic care. Furthermore, involving patients in their healthcare by encouraging patient participation can result in better quality of care and improved outcomes. To our knowledge no study has been performed comparing rehabilitation programmes within a CGC unit during the acute phase after hip fracture with focus on improving patients' perceived participation and subsequent effect on patients' function...
October 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040709/occupational-asthma-caused-by-an-epoxy-amine-hardener
#11
O Vandenplas, C Rifflart, G Evrard, J Thimpont, M Seed, R Agius
We describe a 43-year-old epoxy floor layer who developed work-related asthma while exposed to an epoxy hardener based on isophorone diamine (IPDA). Challenge exposures to the curing of the epoxy resin system and subsequently to the polyfunctional amine hardener containing IPDA both elicited delayed asthmatic reactions. This report further indicates that exposure to epoxy hardeners containing polyfunctional amines should be considered as a potential cause of occupational asthma. Appropriate work hygiene measures should be implemented to minimize airborne exposure to these volatile compounds...
October 12, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039336/soil-transmitted-helminthiasis-in-different-occupational-groups-in-swat-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#12
Wali Khan, Noorun Nisa, Aly Khan
We investigated the prevalence of geohelminth parasites in farmers, education concerned and shepherd of Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. A total of 1041 stool samples were examined from January 2006 to December 2008 using direct smear (Normal saline and Lugol's Iodine solution) the concentration methods and procedures. Seven hundred and sixty three (73.2%) individuals were found infected with one or more than one geohelminth parasites. Four hundred and eighteen (54.7%) were infected with single parasite and three hundred forty five (45...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039319/heavy-metals-identification-and-exposure-at-workplace-environment-its-extent-of-accumulation-in-blood-of-iron-and-steel-recycling-foundry-workers-of-lahore-pakistan
#13
Muhammad Ahsan Riaz, Amtul Bari Tabinda Akhtar, Ayesha Riaz, Ghulam Mujtaba, Muhammad Ali, Beenish Ijaz
The determination of heavy metals in blood is an important occupational environmental toxicology screening procedure. The aim of study was to determine the concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cr and Ni in blood samples of iron and steel foundry workplace exposed workers under routine clinical laboratory conditions. The method was employed for the quantitative determination of lead, cadmium, chromium and nickel in workplace environment particulate matter blood samples from iron and steel foundry workers and in unexposed controls...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036866/the-prevalence-of-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-iran-a-meta-analysis-study
#14
Ayub Parno, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Mohsen Parno, Mohammad Khandan, Mohsen Poursadeghiyan, Maryam Maghsoudipour, Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WRMSDs) is crucial as they jeopardize the well-being of the workforce in workplaces and are prevalent in developed and developing countries. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of WRMSDs among Iranian workers. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of WRMSDs in Iran was performed by searching relevant keywords in authentic databases and search engines such as SID, Google Scholar, Medlib and PubMed...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032590/a-scoping-approach-to-systematically-review-published-reviews-adaptations-and-recommendations
#15
REVIEW
Annette Schultz, Leah Goertzen, Janet Rothney, Pamela Wener, Jennifer Enns, Gayle Halas, Alan Katz
Knowledge translation is a central focus of the health research community, which includes strategies to synthesize published research to support uptake within healthcare practice and policy arenas. Within the literature concerning review methodologies, a new discussion has emerged concerning methods that review and synthesize published review articles. In this paper, our multidisciplinary team from family medicine, nursing, dental hygiene, kinesiology, occupational therapy, physiology, population health, clinical psychology and library sciences contribute to this discussion by sharing our experiences in conducting three scoping reviews of published review studies...
October 15, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028251/monitoring-surface-contamination-by-antineoplastic-drugs-in-italian-hospitals-performance-based-hygienic-guidance-values-hgvs-project
#16
Cristina Sottani, Elena Grignani, Enrico Oddone, Beatrice Dezza, Sara Negri, Simona Villani, Danilo Cottica
Antineoplastic drugs (ADs) will continue to represent a potential risk for personnel involved in the handling of these compounds and great concerns have been raised by the presence of ADs in many surveyed workplaces. Eight hospitals were investigated by means of wipe sampling for surface residue determination. Each wipe sample was tested for five ADs considered suitable exposure markers. Cyclophosphamide (CP), gemcitabine (GEM), 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), platinum-containing drugs (Pt), and epi-doxorubicin (EPI) contamination levels were measured in 85 per cent of the studied pharmacies and 93 per cent of outpatient care units (OpCUs)...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979346/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-human-intestinal-parasites-in-roudehen-tehran-province-iran
#17
Nasrin Hemmati, Elham Razmjou, Saeideh Hashemi-Hafshejani, Abbas Motevalian, Lameh Akhlaghi, Ahmad Reza Meamar
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitic infections are among the most common infections and health problems worldwide. Due to the lack of epidemiologic information of such infections, the prevalence of, and the risk factors for, enteric parasites were investigated in residents of Roudehen, Tehran Province, Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 561 triple fecal samples were collected through a two-stage cluster-sampling protocol from Jun to Dec 2014. The samples were examined by formalin-ether concentration, culture, and with molecular methods...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972600/spirometric-and-hygienic-criteria-in-recognition-of-occupational-copd-in-poland-a-retrospective-analysis-of-medical-records
#18
Aneta Kleniewska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Kamila Szcześniak, Marta Wiszniewska
OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be work-related. It has been estimated that 15% of the population burden of COPD is attributable to occupational exposure. However, in Poland COPD is rarely recognized as an occupational disease. The aim of the study has been to analyze the causes of the low prevalence of work-related COPD in the context of the existing criteria as well as to analyze which part of the assessment - clinical or hygienic one - is responsible for such a low rate of occupational COPD recognitions...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951811/the-quality-control-program-for-industrial-hygiene-laboratories-in-korea
#19
Hae Dong Park, Eun Kyo Chung, Kiwoong Kim
In 1992, the quality control program was introduced in Republic of Korea to improve the reliability of the work environment monitoring, which was introduced in the 1980s. The commission entrusted by the Ministry of Employment and Labor, the Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute has conducted the program for industrial hygiene laboratories including designated monitoring institutions and spontaneously participating agencies. The number of institutions that participated in the program has increased from 30 to 161...
September 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949318/psychogeriatric-diagnoses-in-old-people-s-homes-and-negative-health-behavior
#20
Spomenka Tomek-Roksandić, Ivana Popek, Nada Tomasović Mrčela, Zvonimir Šostar, Branko Kolarić, Nina Smolej Narančić, Ana Stavljenić Rukavina, Mate Ljubičić
BACKGROUND: The study was designed as a gerontologic-public health analysis of the relationship between the leading and accompanying psychogeriatric diagnoses and negative health behaviors recorded in the old people's home users, with the aim to evaluate and redefine gerontologic-public health priorities and geroprophylactic measures, with special reference to persons suffering from Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Gerontologic-public health indicators obtained by monitoring health care needs of the elderly in specific institutional primary health care at 10 old people's homes (N=1185) in Croatia in 2013 were analyzed using the professional methodology developed at Department of Health Gerontology, Andrija Štampar Teaching Institute of Public Health (Registry List 1 that refers to monitoring specific primary health care needs of elderly at old people's homes)...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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