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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783217/-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-professional-oral-hygiene
#1
Volodymyr S Melnik, Lyudmila F Horzov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Health care is important in all age groups. Good hygienic care is a vital aspect of it. The examination of the dental status in different groups of the adult population records low hygienic indicators, including those of young age. Against this backdrop, there is an urgent need to increase the role of professional hygiene of the oral cavity. The aim: The aim of the study. Identify the clinical and economic aspects of occupational hygiene in young people between the ages of 22 and 35...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#2
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781555/dependence-on-others-for-oral-hygiene-and-its-association-with-hand-deformities-and-functional-impairment-in-elders-with-a-history-of-leprosy
#3
Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Talita Xavier Gonçalves, Anna Rachel Dos Santos Soares, Luísa Rodrigues de Abreu Carvalho, Fernanda Lamounier Campos, Marco Túlio de Freitas Ribeiro, Andrea Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the frequency of dependence on others for oral hygiene and its association with hand deformities, frailty and dependence on others for basic activities of daily living (BADL) among elders with a history of leprosy. BACKGROUND: Dependence on others for oral hygiene has not been considered in multifunctional geriatric assessments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Edentulous elders with a history of leprosy who used complete dentures and resided in a former leprosy colony were classified as independent or partially/completely dependent on others for brushing their dentures or rinsing and for BADL, and as frail or robust...
May 21, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764520/investigation-of-a-typhoid-fever-epidemic-in-moyale-sub-county-kenya-2014-2015
#4
Dahabo Adi Galgallo, Zeinab Gura Roka, Waqo G Boru, Khalumi Abill, James Ransom
AIM: Typhoid fever is a vaccine-preventable bacterial disease that causes significant morbidity and mortality throughout Africa. This paper describes an upsurge of typhoid fever cases in Moyale Sub-County (MSC), Kenya, 2014-2015. METHODS: We conducted active hospital and health facility surveillance and laboratory and antimicrobial sensitivity testing for all patients presenting with headache, fever, stomach pains, diarrhea, or constipation at five MSC health facilities between December 2014 and January 2015...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760172/development-of-a-bar-code-based-exposure-assessment-method-to-evaluate-occupational-exposure-to-disinfectants-and-cleaning-products-a-pilot-study
#5
Catherine Quinot, Sylvie Amsellem-Dubourget, Sofia Temam, Etienne Sevin, Christine Barreto, Arzu Tackin, Jérémy Félicité, Sarah Lyon-Caen, Valérie Siroux, Raphaële Girard, Alexis Descatha, Nicole Le Moual, Orianne Dumas
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare workers are highly exposed to various types of disinfectants and cleaning products. Assessment of exposure to these products remains a challenge. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of a method, based on a smartphone application and bar codes, to improve occupational exposure assessment among hospital/cleaning workers in epidemiological studies. METHODS: A database of disinfectants and cleaning products used in French hospitals, including their names, bar codes and composition, was developed using several sources: ProdHyBase (a database of disinfectants managed by hospital hygiene experts), and specific regulatory agencies and industrial websites...
May 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717504/resources-for-nurturing-childcare-practices-in-urban-and-rural-settings-findings-from-the-colombia-2010-demographic-and-health-survey
#6
H B Urke, M B Mittelmark, D A Amugsi, D J Matanda
BACKGROUND: The health and development potential of young children is dependent on nurturing care (NC) provided by primary caregivers. NC encompasses attention to nutrition; symptom management; early learning, attachment, and socialization; and security and safety. Despite the importance of NC to child health and development, the measurement and study of NC are neglected. This has become a point of major concern in the public health field in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Colombia where many families are hard pressed for childcare resources...
May 1, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686867/nutritional-status-of-children-ages-0-5-and-5-10-years-old-in-households-headed-by-fisherfolks-in-the-philippines
#7
Mario V Capanzana, Divorah V Aguila, Glen Melvin P Gironella, Kristine V Montecillo
Background: The study aimed to analyze the nutritional status of Filipino children ages 0-60 months (0-5.0 years old) and 61-120 months (5.08-10.0 years old) in households headed by fisherfolks. Methods: The 8th National Nutrition Survey (NNS) data collected by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) was used in the study. There were 13,423 young children and 16,398 schoolchildren participants for anthropometry component...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669968/guidelines-for-personal-exposure-monitoring-of-chemicals-part-v
#8
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health. Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664909/higher-parental-occupational-social-contact-is-associated-with-a-reduced-risk-of-incident-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-mediation-through-molecular-enteroviral-indices
#9
Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Angela Pezic, Fergus J Cameron, Christine Rodda, Andrew S Kemp, John B Carlin, Heikki Hyoty, Amirbabak Sioofy-Khojine, Terence Dwyer, Justine A Ellis, Maria E Craig
We aimed to examine the association between parental occupational social contact and hygiene factors on type 1 diabetes (T1D) risk and possible mediation of these effects through child enteroviral infection. We interviewed 333 incident T1D cases and 660 controls from 2008-2011 in Melbourne, Australia. Enteroviral indices (ribonucleic acid by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Coxsackie B virus antibody levels) in peripheral blood were measured in nested case control samples. Parent occupational social contact was assessed by the number of well or sick children, adults or animals contacted daily through work...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603886/raccoon-roundworm-baylisascaris-procyonis-as-an-occupational-hazard-2-use-of-personal-protective-equipment-and-infection-control-practices-among-raccoon-rehabilitators
#10
S G H Sapp, B Murray, E R Hoover, G T Green, M J Yabsley
Baylisascaris procyonis, the raccoon roundworm, is a zoonotic ascarid of importance to human and animal health. Wildlife rehabilitators who care for raccoons may be at an increased risk for exposure to the parasite, especially if proper precautions are not taken. In a wider effort to evaluate awareness regarding B. procyonis in the wildlife rehabilitation community, an online survey (38-39 questions) including questions about B. procyonis knowledge and attitudes was developed and administered to wildlife rehabilitators...
March 30, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594340/work-ability-score-of-solvent-exposed-workers
#11
Heidi Furu, Markku Sainio, Hanna-Kaisa Hyvärinen, Ari Kaukiainen
PURPOSE: Occupational chronic solvent encephalopathy (CSE), characterized by neurocognitive dysfunction, often leads to early retirement. However, only the more severe cases are diagnosed with CSE, and little is known about the work ability of solvent-exposed workers in general. The aim was to study memory and concentration symptoms, work ability and the effect of both solvent-related and non-occupational factors on work ability, in an actively working solvent-exposed population. METHODS: A questionnaire on exposure and health was sent to 3640 workers in four solvent-exposed fields, i...
March 28, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580189/occupational-exposure-monitoring-data-collection-storage-and-use-among-state-based-and-private-workers-compensation-insurers
#12
Taylor M Shockey, Kelsey R Babik, Steven J Wurzelbacher, Libby L Moore, Michael S Bisesi
Despite substantial financial and personnel resources being devoted to occupational exposure monitoring (OEM) by employers, workers' compensation insurers, and other organizations, the United States (US) lacks comprehensive occupational exposure databases to use for research and surveillance activities. OEM data are necessary for determining the levels of workers' exposures; compliance with regulations; developing control measures; establishing worker exposure profiles; and improving preventive and responsive exposure surveillance and policy efforts...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548308/prevalence-of-periodontal-disease-among-mine-workers-of-zonguldak-kozlu-district-turkey-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Murat İnanç Cengiz, Büşra Zengin, Murat İçen, Firüzan Köktürk
BACKGROUND: Occupational injuries cause major health problems in all nations. Coal mining is one of the largest, oldest industries in the world. However, there is relatively little available literature concerning the health status of coal miners. The purpose of this work is to assess the prevalence of periodontal disease among coal miners and provide a basis for planning and evaluating the data from community oral health services. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted 106 men selected based on a stratified cluster sampling procedure...
March 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540970/effectiveness-of-awareness-package-on-occupational-health-hazards-among-ragpickers-of-new-delhi-india
#14
Rashmi Agarwalla, Rambha Pathak, Mitasha Singh, Farzana Islam, Mamta Parashar
Background: Ragpickers are informal workers who collect recyclable materials to earn a small wage on daily basis. They work in vulnerable conditions and awareness regarding occupational and environmental hazard is essential for them. Objective: To study the effectiveness of awareness program on various occupational health hazards among the ragpickers. Materials and Methods: This interventional study was conducted from May through October 2016 among the ragpickers living near field practice area of Department of Community Medicine and those living in slum areas around HAHC Hospital, New Delhi, India...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538712/health-survey-of-employees-regularly-using-3d-printers
#15
F L Chan, R House, I Kudla, J C Lipszyc, N Rajaram, S M Tarlo
Background: 3D printers emit potentially hazardous ultrafine particles and volatile organic compounds. Workers using 3D printing technologies may be at risk of respiratory illness from occupational exposure. Aims: To assess whether 3D printing is associated with health effects in occupational users. Methods: This was a preliminary survey. Workers in 17 companies using 3D printing, including commercial prototyping businesses, educational institutions and public libraries, in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada, were asked to complete survey questionnaires concerning demographic, occupational and health information...
May 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519525/staphylococcus-aureus-in-two-municipal-abattoirs-in-nigeria-risk-perception-spread-and-public-health-implications
#16
Ismail A Odetokun, Britta Ballhausen, Victoria O Adetunji, Ibraheem Ghali-Mohammed, Mukaila T Adelowo, Shakirat A Adetunji, Alexandra Fetsch
Staphylococcus aureus is a zoonotic pathogen of significant public health concern. Information on the prevalence and risk factors facilitating bacterial colonization and spread under abattoir settings in Nigeria are scarce. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine prevalence of S. aureus as well as risk factors on knowledge and practices facilitating pathogen carriage among workers and slaughter animals in two municipal abattoirs of Ilorin and Ibadan, Nigeria. Swab samples (n = 1671) from nostrils of cattle, goats, pigs and abattoir workers, and from meat tables and abattoir walls were collected for detection of S...
March 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512303/occupational-transmission-of-an-orthopoxvirus-infection-during-an-outbreak-in-a-colony-of-macaca-tonkeana-in-lazio-region-italy-2015
#17
V Puro, F M Fusco, C Castilletti, F Carletti, F Colavita, C Agrati, A Di Caro, M R Capobianchi, G Ippolito
Orthopoxviruses spill over from animal reservoirs to accidental hosts, sometimes causing human infections. We describe the surveillance and infection control measures undertaken during an outbreak due to an Orthopoxvirus occurred in January 2015 in a colony of Macaca tonkeana in the province of Rieti, Latio, Italy, which caused a human asymptomatic infection. According to the epidemiological investigation, the human transmission occurred after an unprotected exposure. The contacts among wild, captive and domestic animals and humans, together with decreased immunity against Orthopoxviruses in the community, may put animal handlers at risk of infection, especially after the cessation of smallpox vaccination...
March 7, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493302/intensity-time-dependence-dosing-criterion-in-the-emf-exposure-guidelines-in-russia
#18
Nina Rubtsova, Yuriy Paltsev, Sergey Perov, Elena Bogacheva
Major approaches of the Russian Federation in setting of exposure guidelines to electromagnetic fields (EMF) in occupational and public environments are discussed in this paper. EMF exposure guidelines in Russia are based on the results of hygienic, clinical, physiological, epidemiological and experimental studies and are frequency-dependent. The concept of a threshold principle of occupational and environmental factors due to hazardous exposure effects has been used to set permissible exposure levels of different EMF frequency ranges...
2018: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475850/association-of-hand-and-arm-disinfection-with-asthma-control-in-us-nurses
#19
Orianne Dumas, Raphäelle Varraso, Krislyn M Boggs, Alexis Descatha, Paul K Henneberger, Catherine Quinot, Frank E Speizer, Jan-Paul Zock, Nicole Le Moual, Carlos A Camargo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between occupational exposure to disinfectants/antiseptics used for hand hygiene and asthma control in nurses. METHODS: In 2014, we invited female nurses with asthma drawn from the Nurses' Health Study II to complete two supplemental questionnaires on their occupation and asthma (cross-sectional study, response rate: 80%). Among 4055 nurses (mean age: 59 years) with physician-diagnosed asthma and asthma medication use in the past year, we examined asthma control, as defined by the Asthma Control Test (ACT)...
May 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453631/occupational-animal-allergy
#20
REVIEW
Gregg M Stave
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review explores animal allergen exposure in research laboratories and other work settings, focusing on causes and prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: (1) Consistent with the hygiene hypothesis, there is new evidence that early childhood exposure to pets produces changes in the gut microbiome that likely lead to a lower risk of allergy. (2) Anaphylaxis from laboratory animal bites occurs more frequently than suggested by prior literature. (3) Animal allergens represent an occupational hazard in a wide variety of work settings ranging from fields that work with animals to public settings like schools and public transportation where allergens are brought into or are present in the workplace...
February 16, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
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