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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056885/working-conditions-and-public-health-risks-in-slaughterhouses-in-western-kenya
#1
Elizabeth Anne Jessie Cook, William Anson de Glanville, Lian Francesca Thomas, Samuel Kariuki, Barend Mark de Clare Bronsvoort, Eric Maurice Fèvre
BACKGROUND: Inadequate facilities and hygiene at slaughterhouses can result in contamination of meat and occupational hazards to workers. The objectives of this study were to assess current conditions in slaughterhouses in western Kenya and the knowledge, and practices of the slaughterhouse workers toward hygiene and sanitation. METHODS: Between February and October 2012 all consenting slaughterhouses in the study area were recruited. A standardised questionnaire relating to facilities and practices in the slaughterhouse was administered to the foreperson at each site...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050508/factors-affecting-tooth-retention-among-adult-population-of-dharwad-district-india
#2
Salma H Mulla, Nurul Ameen Inamdar, K V V Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Oral health in relation to general health is influen-ced by the retention of teeth. Understanding factors affecting tooth retention will help health and social policy-makers to translate the knowledge on tooth retention into action programs for improving oral health of the people and hence enhance tooth retention. AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the factors affecting tooth retention among adult population of Dharwad district, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027540/state-institution-%C3%A2-national-research-center-for-radiation-medicine-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine%C3%A2-research-activities-and-scientific-advance-in-2015
#3
D Bazyka, V Sushko, A Chumak, V Buzunov, V Talko, L Yanovych
Research activities and scientific advance achieved in 2014 at the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» (NRCRM) concerning medical problems of the Chornobyl disaster, radiation medicine, radiobiology, radiation hygiene and epidemiology in collaboration with the WHO network of medical preparedness and assistance in radiation accidents are outlined in the annual report.The report presents the results of fundamental and applied research works of the study of radiation effects and health effects of the Chornobyl accident; fulfillment of tasks of «State social program for improving safety, occupational health and working environment in 2014-2018 years»...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025598/estimating-access-to-drinking-water-supply-sanitation-and-hygiene-facilities-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia-in-reference-to-national-coverage
#4
Amha Admasie, Ashenafi Debebe
Introduction. The coverage of sanitation and access to safe drinking water in Ethiopia especially in Wolaita Sodo town are not well studied. Therefore, the main objective of this study was estimating access to drinking water supply, sanitation, and hygiene facilities in Wolaita Sodo town, southern Ethiopia, in reference to national coverage. Methods. A community based cross-sectional study design method was employed in the study in 588 households of Wolaita Sodo town inhabitants. Face-to-face interview to household owners, in-depth interview to key informants, reviewing secondary data, and observational check lists were used to collect data...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986863/impact-of-contaminated-household-environment-on-stunting-in-children-aged-12-59%C3%A2-months-in-burkina-faso
#5
Federica Fregonese, Kendra Siekmans, Seni Kouanda, Thomas Druetz, Antarou Ly, Souleymane Diabaté, Slim Haddad
BACKGROUND: Stunting affects 165 million children worldwide, with repercussions on their survival and development. A contaminated environment is likely to contribute to stunting: frequent faecal-oral transmission possibly causes environmental enteropathy, a chronic inflammatory disorder that may contribute to faltering growth in children. This study's objective was to assess the effect of contaminated environment on stunting in Burkina Faso, where stunting prevalence is persistently high...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986296/effects-of-a-mixed-media-education-intervention-program-on-increasing-knowledge-attitude-and-compliance-with-standard-precautions-among-nursing-students-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Peng Xiong, Jun Zhang, Xiaohui Wang, Tat Leong Wu, Brian J Hall
BACKGROUND: Standard precautions (SPs) are considered fundamental protective measures to manage health care-associated infections and to reduce occupational health hazards. This study intended to assess the effectiveness of a mixed media education intervention to enhance nursing students' knowledge, attitude, and compliance with SPs. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial with 84 nursing students was conducted in a teaching hospital in Hubei, China. The intervention group (n = 42) attended 3 biweekly mixed media education sessions, consisting of lectures, videos, role-play, and feedback with 15-20 minutes of individual online supervision and feedback sessions following each class...
December 13, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976667/icoh-international-code-of-ethics-for-occupational-health-professionals-historical-fortune-and-future-perspectives-in-italy
#7
Carlo Petyx, Giovanni Costa, Maurizio Manno, Antonio Valenti, Sergio Iavicoli
The Working Group responsible for the Italian translation of the third edition of the International Code of Ethics, appointed by the President of the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH), Dr. Jukka Takala, completed last April the revision work. The final text, already available on the ICOH website, has been printed and distributed by the Italian National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at Work (INAIL) at the 79th National Congress of the Italian Society of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene (SIMLII), in Rome...
December 13, 2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976666/fatal-silicosis-in-a-funeral-arts-craftsman
#8
Roberto Calisti, Gianfranco Ballatori
BACKGROUND: The current scientific debate on silica and cancer has often led to overlooking the persisting risk of lung fibrosis from crystalline silica. CASE REPORT: During 2000, when 54 years old, a funeral arts' craftsman began to suffer from persistent, hacking cough; radiography and high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) showed thin sub-pleural nodulations of the lungs, mainly in the upper fields. Two years later, increasing dyspnoea appeared and HRCT revealed vast consolidative opacities in both upper fields...
December 13, 2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929279/pet-related-infections
#9
Michael J Day
Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis (ringworm) and sarcoptic mange (scabies), which are both readily treated. Toxoplasmosis can be acquired from exposure to cat feces, but appropriate hygienic measures can minimize the risk to pregnant women. Persons who work with animals are at increased risk of acquiring bartonellosis (e...
November 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927239/the-relationship-between-blood-lead-levels-and-occupational-exposure-in-a-pregnant-population
#10
Osmel La-Llave-León, José Manuel Salas Pacheco, Sergio Estrada Martínez, Eloísa Esquivel Rodríguez, Francisco X Castellanos Juárez, Ada Sandoval Carrillo, Angélica María Lechuga Quiñones, Fernando Vázquez Alanís, Gonzalo García Vargas, Edna Madai Méndez Hernández, Jaime Duarte Sustaita
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women exposed to lead are at risk of suffering reproductive damages, such as miscarriage, preeclampsia, premature delivery and low birth weight. Despite that the workplace offers the greatest potential for lead exposure, there is relatively little information about occupational exposure to lead during pregnancy. This study aims to assess the association between blood lead levels and occupational exposure in pregnant women from Durango, Mexico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a population of 299 pregnant women...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905917/are-distinctive-risk-indicators-associated-with-different-stages-of-caries-in-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Maria Grazia Cagetti, Giovanna Congiu, Fabio Cocco, Gianfranco Meloni, Silvana Sale, Guglielmo Campus
BACKGROUND: Actual caries figures emphasize the need to identify the risk indicators involved in the disease's development. The hypothesis that certain risk indicators might affect the dynamic evolution of the caries process was assessed; to clarify this premise, a cross-sectional survey was performed in school children. METHODS: A total of 390 subjects aged 6-8 years old were randomly selected. Caries was assessed, and the subjects were stratified as follows: i) highest caries score; ii) most prevalent caries score; and iii) number of affected teeth...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904427/prevalence-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-and-enterobacteriaceae-on-hands-of-workers-in-halal-cattle-abattoirs-in-peninsular-malaysia
#12
Bahri Mohd Tamrin Shamsul, Muhammad Tukur Adamu, Mohd Nasir Mohd Desa, Siti Khairani-Bejo
BACKGROUND: Several occupational diseases of multiple origins are encountered among abattoir workers. Presence of indicator microorganisms (coliforms) on hands of workers can be used a gauge for hygienic practices. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to assess the prevalence of E.coli and enterobacteriaceae among Halal abattoir workers in some government halal abattoirs of Malaysia. A total of one hundred and sixty-five hand swab samples were collected from workers of Halal abattoirs in Malaysia...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891435/a-study-of-clinical-profile-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-scabies-at-a-rural-tertiary-care-centre
#13
Pragya Ashok Nair, Rita Vipul Vora, Nidhi B Jivani, Shailee S Gandhi
INTRODUCTION: Scabies is a contagious disease primarily related to poverty and overcrowding, it rapidly spreads from person to person specially in people with poor hygiene. We come across many patients from rural areas with scabies. In India the incidence ranges from 13% to 59% in rural and urban areas. Many people complain of sleep disturbances and affection of work and leisure activities due to itching. Very few studies are done in India about the affection of quality of life in such patients...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883104/-radiation-induced-cataracts
#14
Bjørn Helge Østerås, Kristin Jensen, Hilde Kjernlie Andersen, Anne Catrine T Martinsen
The dose limit for the lens of the eye for occupationally exposed workers that is stipulated in the Norwegian Regulation on radiation protection is based on outdated threshold doses for radiation-induced cataracts. Recent studies have shown that injuries may occur at significantly lower radiation doses than previously assumed. The results from the new studies will impact upon future legislation and recommendations regarding radiation hygiene for personnel in x-ray laboratories and operating theatres who may be exposed to significant radiation doses in the course of their work...
November 2016: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862114/a-bayesian-model-and-stochastic-exposure-dose-estimation-for-relative-exposure-risk-comparison-involving-asbestos-containing-dropped-ceiling-panel-installation-and-maintenance-tasks
#15
Fred W Boelter, Yulin Xia, Jacob D Persky
Assessing exposures to hazards in order to characterize risk is at the core of occupational hygiene. Our study examined dropped ceiling systems commonly used in schools and commercial buildings and lay-in ceiling panels that may have contained asbestos prior to the mid to late 1970s. However, most ceiling panels and tiles do not contain asbestos. Since asbestos risk relates to dose, we estimated the distribution of eight-hour TWA concentrations and one-year exposures (a one-year dose equivalent) to asbestos fibers (asbestos f/cc-years) for five groups of workers who may encounter dropped ceilings: specialists, generalists, maintenance workers, nonprofessional do-it-yourself (DIY) persons, and other tradespersons who are bystanders to ceiling work...
November 10, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819701/-work-experience-and-seniority-in-health-care-vs-medical-students-knowledge-of-selected-hand-hygiene-procedures
#16
Anna Różańska, Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach, Małgorzata Bulanda
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene (HH) is the most important element of infection prevention. The aim of the study was to analyze the level of HH knowledge among medical students of Jagiellonian University Medical College in correlation with their clinical experience and the presence and extent of trainings in hospital hygiene prior to internships, as well as with HH practice among medical staff perceived by students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out in a group of 414 students from October to December, 2014...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816309/-the-seasonal-flu-vaccination-among-caregivers-in-geriatric-units-up-to-date
#17
E Contal, A Putot, M Dipanda, S Perrin, S Asgassou, H Sordet-Guépet, P Manckoundia
BACKGROUND: Flu vaccinations for healthcare professionals seems to be one of the most effective preventive actions in the face of a disease that carries a high risk of a potentially serious nosocomial epidemic in a geriatric environment. The aim of this study was to take stock of the flu vaccination status among caregivers in the geriatric units and to understand the reasons for their reluctance to be vaccinated, in order to put forward proposals to improve vaccination coverage. METHOD: A literature search of articles published since 2000 in the area of geriatrics, infectious diseases or pneumology was mainly conducted on PubMed using the keywords "caregivers", "elderly", "flu", "influenza", "nosocomial" and "vaccination"...
December 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808662/elemental-properties-of-coal-slag-and-measured-airborne-exposures-at-two-coal-slag-processing-facilities
#18
Christopher Mugford, Randy Boylstein, Jenna L Gibbs
In 1974, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommended a ban on the use of silica sand abrasives containing >1% silica due to the risk of silicosis. This gave rise to substitutes including coal slag. An Occupational Safety and Health Administration investigation in 2010 uncovered a case cluster of suspected pneumoconiosis in four former workers at a coal slag processing facility in Illinois, possibly attributable to occupational exposure to coal slag dust. This article presents the results from a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health industrial hygiene survey at the same coal slag processing facility and a second facility...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798529/assessing-the-congregate-disaster-shelter-using-shelter-facility-assessment-data-for-evaluating-potential-hazards-to-occupants-during-disasters
#19
Miguel A Cruz, Stephanie Garcia, Muhammad A B Chowdhury, Josephine Malilay, Nancy Perea, O Dale Williams
Disaster shelter assessments are environmental health assessments conducted during disaster situations to evaluate the living environment of shelters for hygiene, sanitation, and safety conditions. We conducted a secondary data analysis of shelter assessment records available (n = 108) on ice storms, floods, and tornado events from 1 state jurisdiction. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze results of environmental health deficiencies found in the facilities. The greater numbers of environmental health deficiencies were associated with sanitation (26%), facility physical issues (19%), and food areas (17%)...
January 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797628/working-together-using-a-unique-approach-to-evaluate-an-interactive-and-clinic-based-longitudinal-interprofessional-education-experience-with-13-professions
#20
Britta M Thompson, Dale W Bratzler, Mark J Fisher, Amie Torres, Epic Faculty, Rhonda A Sparks
Interprofessional education (IPE) involving an interactive and longitudinal clinic experience at an inner-city charitable clinic from September to May 2013/2014 was evaluated. Pre-, mid-, and post-intervention data were collected from students in 13 different professions including medicine (medical and physician assistant), dentistry (dental and dental hygiene), nursing (undergraduate and clinical nurse specialist), public health, pharmacy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, nutritional sciences, speech and language pathology, and social work...
November 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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