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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806486/farmworker-vulnerability-to-heat-hazards-a-conceptual-framework
#1
Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Linda A McCauley
PURPOSE: To review factors that impact the effect of hot environments on the human body in order to develop a conceptual model of human biological response. METHODS: The organizing concept for the model development was the multilevel integration of three major factors, exposure to heat, sensitivity and adaptive capacity, and the heat stress response. Exposure of a vulnerable occupational group was used to illustrate the components of the model. FINDINGS: Components of this framework include the hazard (environmental heat stress), vulnerability factors (workplace exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity), and the heat stress response...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#2
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791982/health-education-effect-on-knowledge-and-practice-of-workplace-personal-hygiene-and-protective-measures-among-woodworkers-in-enugu-nigeria
#3
L Ezeugwu, E N Aguwa, S U Arinze-Onyia, T A Okeke
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing incidence of occupational diseases among woodworkers due to exposure to preventable hazards in the workplace. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of health education on the knowledge and practice of workplace hygiene and protective measures among woodworkers in Enugu timber market. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a before and after study conducted among 290 woodworkers using interviewer administered semi-structured questionnaire and manual on workplace hazards prevention...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771158/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-practice-and-associated-factors-among-hiv-infected-people-in-arba-minch-town-southern-ethiopia
#4
Desta Haftu, Gebrekiros Gebremichael, Desalegn Ajema, Genet Gedamu, Eskezyiaw Agedew
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected people have substantially greater need for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). Many opportunistic infections cause high morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV (PLHIV) than in immune competent populations. The objective of the study was to assess WASH practices and associated factors among PLHIV. A cross-sectional study design was conducted. Bivariate and multivariate logistic model was employed. According to this study, 97 (23.5%) of the households have unimproved water status, 221 (53...
August 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731072/-evaluation-of-the-results-of-the-prevention-program-protect-your-voice-implemented-by-the-greater-poland-center-of-occupational-medicine-of-poznan
#5
Magdalena Jałowska, Grażyna Wośkowiak, Bożena Wiskirska-Woźnica
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the rationale for training in voice emission and voice prophylaxis among teachers and to assess the effects of voice disorders rehabilitation in the selected group of teachers participating in the program "Protect your voice." MATERIAL AND METHODS: An anonymous survey was conducted among 463 teachers participating in the training part of the program. The effectivness of rehabilitation of teachers with occupational voice disorders was evaluated among 51 subjects (average age: 43 years) taking part in diagnostic and rehabilitation part of the program...
July 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722122/wet-work-exposure-and-hand-eczema-among-healthcare-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
N Hamnerius, C Svedman, O Bergendorff, J Björk, M Bruze, A Pontén
BACKGROUND: Hand eczema is more common in healthcare workers compared to the general population. The hands are subject to changing occupational exposures due to mandatory hygiene regulations for health care workers. OBJECTIVES: To describe the exposure due to hygiene procedures and investigate the associations between occupational hand washing, use of non-sterile gloves, and hand disinfectant and self-reported hand eczema. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with an electronic questionnaire distributed to 28 762 hospital employees in southern Sweden...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721691/occupational-therapy-for-adults-with-problems-in-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke
#7
REVIEW
Lynn A Legg, Sharon R Lewis, Oliver J Schofield-Robinson, Avril Drummond, Peter Langhorne
BACKGROUND: A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Activities of daily living (ADL) are daily home-based activities that people carry out to maintain health and well-being. ADLs include the ability to: eat and drink unassisted, move, go to the toilet, carry out personal hygiene tasks, dress unassisted, and groom. Stroke causes impairment-related functional limitations that may result in difficulties participating in ADLs independent of supervision, direction, or physical assistance...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716513/update-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-within-pediatric-patients
#8
Jeffrey Rabin, Mackenzie Brown, Sean Alexander
Pediatric chronic pain is a challenging entity to evaluate and treat as it encompasses a wide variety of presentations often with overlapping psychosocial implications. Chronic pain may have significant effects upon a child's involvement in academic, athletic, and social participation. If unrecognized, it may have deleterious effects upon family interactions and stability. The treatment of pediatric chronic pain is focused on not only providing analgesia, but also on assisting the child and family with reintegrating into a more functional lifestyle...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715044/carmine-melino-and-the-institute-of-hygiene
#9
G Melino
Throughout his 94 years of life, Carmine Melino brilliantly pursued different professional paths, his life being a constant stimulus for students, colleagues, friends and the family. Following the early formative years of study, here, we briefly list his scientific achievements in Occupational Medicine and Hygiene as well as his broad literary interests. Carmine was an inspiration to his generation not only because of his professional achievements, but also for his warm personality, exemplary hard-playing life and unbounded enthusiasm...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704227/mortality-among-hardmetal-production-workers-occupational-exposures
#10
Kathleen J Kennedy, Nurtan A Esmen, Jeanine M Buchanich, Sarah Zimmerman, Anne J Sleeuwenhoek, Gary M Marsh
OBJECTIVE: To generate quantitative exposure estimates for use in retrospective occupational cohort mortality studies of the hardmetal industry. METHODS: Job-exposure matrices (JEMs) were constructed for cobalt, tungsten, and nickel over the time period 1952 to 2014. The JEMs consisted of job class categories, based on job titles and processes performed, and exposure estimates calculated from available company industrial hygiene measurements. RESULTS: Exposure intervals of one-half order magnitude were established for all three agents...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681657/fatal-poisoning-by-terbufos-following-occupational-exposure
#11
Yue Liang, Fang Tong, Lin Zhang, Wenhe Li, Weisheng Huang, Yiwu Zhou
CONTEXT: Terbufos (TBF) is a class Ia (extremely hazardous) organophosphate pesticide (OP) and its distribution in industrialized countries has been severely restricted. Thus, acute occupational poisoning is rather uncommon. However, it still occurs in rural areas of some developing countries, where the sale of TBF is not controlled and its use is thus not properly regulated. We report a case of a 43-year-old female farmer who died after applying TBF granules. CASE: The patient died within 3 h after applying 20 bags of 5% TBF granules (900 g per bag)...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650137/how-to-manage-the-biological-risk-in-a-dental-clinic-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#12
Matteo Saccucci, Gaetano Ierardo, Carmela Protano, Matteo Vitali, Antonella Polimeni
Dental Personnel (DP) may be exposed to pathogens during dental treatment, either through contact contaminated equipment, or with blood and respiratory secretion. On the other hand, health care professionals are constantly exposed to pathogens and opportunists in their work environment. Consequently, the dental healthcare environment is connected with the risk of exposure to biological agents both for patients and dental workers, and involves a wide number of microorganisms that can be present in biological matrices (gingival fluids, saliva, blood), contaminated and/or non-sanitized surfaces, water used in the dental unit, or emitted by patients suffering or carrier of a transmissible disease...
June 23, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641054/behavioural-interventions-to-reduce-nickel-exposure-in-a-nickel-processing-plant
#13
Krassi Rumchev, Helen Brown, Amanda Wheeler, Gavin Pereira, Jeff Spickett
Nickel is a widely used material in many industries. Although, there is enough evidence that occupational exposure to nickel may cause respiratory illnesses, allergies and even cancer, it is not possible to stop the use of nickel in occupational settings. Nickel exposure, however, can be controlled and reduced significantly in workplaces. The main objective of this study was to assess if educational intervention of hygiene behaviour could reduce nickel exposure among Indonesian nickel smelter workers. Participants were randomly assigned to three intervention groups (n = 99)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638424/application-of-fuzzy-delphi-in-the-selection-of-copd-risk-factors-among-steel-industry-workers
#14
Rahmat Dapari, Halim Ismail, Rosnah Ismail, Noor Hassim Ismail
BACKGROUND: The Delphi method has been widely applied in many study areas to systematically gather experts' input on particular topic. Recently, it has become increasingly well known in health related research. This paper applied the Fuzzy Delphi method to enhance the validation of a questionnaire pertaining chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) risk factors among metal industry workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A detailed, predefined list of possible risk factors for COPD among metal industry workers was created through a comprehensive and exhaustive review of literature from 1995 to 2015...
2017: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631452/the-impact-of-the-anaesthetic-conserving-device-on-occupational-exposure-to-isoflurane-among-intensive-care-healthcare-professionals
#15
Jennifer Herzog-Niescery, Heike Vogelsang, Philipp Gude, Hans-Martin Seipp, Horst Bartz, Waldemar Uhl, Thomas P Weber, Martin Bellgardt
BACKGROUND: Use of Anesthetic Conserving Devices (ACD) for inhalational isoflurane sedation in intensive care units (ICU) has grown in recent years, and healthcare professionals are concerned about isoflurane pollution and exposure-related health risks. Real-time measurements to determine isoflurane exposure in ICU personnel during short-term patient care procedures and ACD handling have not yet been performed. METHODS: Isoflurane concentrations in the breathing zones of ICU staff (25 cm around the nose and mouth) were measured, by photoacoustic gas monitoring, during daily practice including tracheal suctioning, oral hygiene, body care, and patient positioning...
June 14, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626294/optical-molecular-fluorescence-determination-of-ultra-trace-beryllium-in-occupational-and-environmental-samples-using-highly-alkaline-conditions
#16
Lori Adams, Anoop Agrawal, John P Cronin, Kevin Ashley
Exposures to beryllium (Be), even at extremely low levels, can cause severe health effects in a percentage of those exposed; consequently, occupational exposure limits (OELs) promulgated for this element are the lowest established for any element. This work describes the advantages of using highly alkaline dye solutions for determination of Be in occupational hygiene and environmental samples by means of an optical molecular fluorescence technique after sample extraction in 1-3% (w˖w(-1)) aqueous ammonium bifluoride (NH4HF2)...
2017: International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626126/conduct-of-occupational-health-during-major-disasters-a-comparison-of-literature-on-occupational-health-issues-in-the-world-trade-center-terrorist-attack-and-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#17
Hiroyuki Toyoda, Koji Mori
Workers who respond to large-scale disasters can be exposed to health hazards that do not exist in routine work. It is assumed that learning from past cases is effective for preparing for and responding to such problems, but published information is still insufficient. Accordingly, we conducted a literature review about the health issues and occupational health activities at the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attack and at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident to investigate how occupational health activities during disasters should be conducted...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609192/evaluation-of-the-well-mixed-room-and-near-field-far-field-models-in-occupational-settings
#18
Susan F Arnold, Yuan Shao, Gurumurthy Ramachandran
Drawing appropriate conclusions about a scenario for which the exposure is truly unacceptable drives appropriate exposure and risk management, and protects the health and safety of those individuals. To ensure the vast majority of these decisions are accurate, these decisions must be based upon proven approaches and tools. When these decisions are based solely on professional judgment guided by subjective inputs however, they are more than likely wrong, and biased, underestimating the true exposure. Models have been shown anecdotally to be useful in accurately predicting exposure but their use in occupational hygiene has been limited...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609175/center-for-the-polyurethanes-industry-summary-of-unpublished-industrial-hygiene-studies-related-to-the-evaluation-of-emissions-of-spray-polyurethane-foam-insulation
#19
Richard D Wood
Spray polyurethane foam (SPF) insulation is used as thermal insulation for residential and commercial buildings. It has many advantages over other forms insulation; however, concerns have been raised related to chemical emissions during and after application. The American Chemistry Council's (ACC's) Center for the Polyurethanes Industry (CPI) has gathered previously unpublished industrial hygiene air sampling studies submitted by member companies that were completed during an eight year period from 2007 to 2014...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571172/disparities-in-oral-health-behaviour-among-young-adults-in-mangalore-india-a-psychosocial-perspective
#20
G Rajesh, Simi Seemanthini, Dilip Naik, Keshava Pai, Ashwini Rao
INTRODUCTION: Oral health inequalities imply unequal distribution of health and disease across socioeconomic gradients. Oral health related behaviour and its psychosocial antecedents can have a major impact on oral disease pathways in communities. AIM: To ascertain disparities in oral health behaviour and its psychosocial antecedents among young adults in Mangalore, Karnataka, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Present study was carried out among 341 degree students at three randomly chosen institutions belonging to government, aided and private colleges in Mangalore...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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