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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301042/positive-association-between-sugar-consumption-and-dental-decay-prevalence-independent-of-oral-hygiene-in-pre-school-children-a-longitudinal-prospective-study
#1
V Skafida, S Chambers
Background: Few studies explore how the longitudinal cumulative and combined effects of dietary habits and oral hygiene habits relate to dental decay in very young children. Methods: Using longitudinal survey data, logistic regression models were specified to predict dental decay by age 5. Predictor variables included questions on diet and oral hygiene from ages 2 to 5. Results: Compared to mainly eating meals, children who snacked all day but had no real meals had a higher chance of dental decay (odds ratios (OR) = 2...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288720/applicability-of-surface-sampling-and-calculation-of-surface-limits-for-pharmaceutical-drug-substances-for-occupational-health-purposes
#2
Camille Jandard, Helena Hemming, Maarten Prause, Claudia Sehner, Markus Schwind, Marc Abromovitz, Ester Lovsin Barle
Within the context of Occupational Hygiene (OH), surface sampling has been employed as a method to assess surface levels of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs). There are potentially a number of reasons surface samples are collected including assessing potential health risks, housekeeping and cleaning effectiveness. There are no internationally accepted standards relating to collecting or interpreting surface samples for OH purposes. In the past, surface sampling results have been applied not only for estimating risks due to dermal contact, but also for other routes of exposure (e...
December 27, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286494/state-institution-%C3%A2-national-research-center-for-radiation-medicine-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine%C3%A2-research-activities-and-scientific-advance-in-2016
#3
D Bazyka, V Sushko, A Chumak, V Buzunov, V Talko, L Yanovych
Research activities and scientific advance achieved in 2016 at the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» (NRCRM) concerning medical problems of the Chornobyl disaster, radiation medicine, radiobiology, radiation hygiene and epidemiology in collaboration with the WHO network of medical preparedness and assistance in radiation accidents are outlined in the annual report. The report presents the results of fundamental and applied research works of the study of radiation effects and health effects of the Chornobyl accident; fulfillment of tasks of «State social program for improving safety, occupational health and working environment in 2014-2018 years»...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280718/relationship-between-sensory-processing-and-sleep-in-typically-developing-children
#4
Kristie Foitzik, Ted Brown
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between sensory processing factors and the sleep habits and patterns of typically developing children ages 8-12 yr was investigated. METHOD: Forty-five typically developing children and their parents or caregivers took part. Parents completed the Sensory Processing Measure-Home Form, Children's Sleep Hygiene Scale, and Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire, and the children completed the Children's Report of Sleep Patterns. Spearman ρ correlation and linear regression analyses were completed with the children's sleep habits and patterns as the dependent variables and the sensory processing factors as the independent variables...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238652/handling-of-laundry-in-nursing-homes-in-frankfurt-am-main-germany-2016-laundry-and-professional-clothing-as-potential-pathways-of-bacterial-transfer
#5
Ursel Heudorf, Stefanie Gasteyer, Maria Müller, Nicole Serra, Tim Westphal, Claudia Reinheimer, Volkhard Kempf
Background: In accordance with the German Infection Protection Act, the treatment and handling of laundry was checked by the Public Health Department in 2016 in all Frankfurt nursing homes with special focus on the staff's clothing. Methods: On-site visits and surveys were conducted in all 44 nursing homes in Frankfurt/Main, Germany, and random microbiological examinations of 58 reprocessed and 58 already worn protective gowns were performed to determine the numbers of the colony forming units (cfu) and microbiological differentiation of the pathogen species...
2017: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231284/the-science-behind-skin-care-cleansers
#6
REVIEW
Zoe Diana Draelos
Two of the most important skin care categories with profound dermatologic implications are cleansers and moisturizers. Cleansers are composed of alkaline soaps or the less barrier-damaging synthetic detergents, known as syndets. The lower skin irritation and dryness found with syndets are related to their reduced tendency to cause protein denaturation due to the charge density of protein-bound micelle-like surfactant aggregates. Many cleansing formulations are available for purchase to meet hygiene needs varying by sex, age, ethnicity, occupation, environment, personal preferences, and the presence or absence of skin disease...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213012/guidelines-for-personal-exposure-monitoring-of-chemicals-part-iii
#7
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health. Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211168/burden-of-caregivers-of-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#8
Alina Lúcia Oliveira Barros, Amanda Oliveira Barros, Geni Leda de Medeiros Barros, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the profile and burden of caregivers of children/adolescents with and without Down syndrome. The evaluations were performed through questionnaires about the profile and burden of the caregivers (Zarit Burden Interview) and the profile of the children/adolescents. These questionnaires were applied to 168 caregivers. The chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and analysis of variance were used with a significance level set at a = 5%. Both groups were composed of 84 participants, and the caregivers of the disabled group had a significantly higher percentage of females (p = 0...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206638/work-related-asthma-in-a-sample-of-subjects-with-established-asthma
#9
Donatella Talini, Alessandro Ciberti, Dusca Bartoli, Paolo Del Guerra, Tonina Enza Iaia, Maria Lemmi, Andrea Innocenti, Francesco Di Pede, Manuela Latorre, Laura Carrozzi, Pierluigi Paggiaro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of occupational exposure to irritants or sensitizers on the occurrence, recrudescence and worsening of asthma and to identify unrecognized cases of work related asthma (WRA) including Work-Exacerbated Asthma (WEA) and Occupational Asthma (OA), in a general asthma clinic population sample. SETTING, DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was a population-based cross sectional survey. 1289 asthmatic subjects (from 15 to 46 yrs old) living in a vast district of Tuscany (Italy) were identified from the Medical Reimbursement Register of the National Health System...
September 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200133/toluene-diisocyanate-exposure-exposure-assessment-and-development-of-cross-facility-similar-exposure-groups-among-toluene-diisocyanate-production-plants
#10
Paul J Middendorf, William Miller, Tim Feeley, Brent Doney
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize workplace toluene diisocyanate (TDI) exposures using standardized industrial hygiene exposure assessment procedures for use in a prospective epidemiologic study of occupational asthma. METHODS: Over 2300 representative routine full shift time-weighted average (TWA) and short-term high potential exposure tasks (HPETs) air samples in groups across three TDI plants were collected over a nearly 7-year period...
December 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175184/assessment-of-workers-exposure-to-microorganisms-when-using-biological-degreasing-stations
#11
Carol-Anne Villeneuve, Geneviève Marchand, Marie Gardette, Jacques Lavoie, Eve Neesham-Grenon, Denis Bégin, Maximilien Debia
Biological degreasing stations (BDSs) are used by mechanics. These BDSs use a water-based solution with a microbial degradation process. Occupational exposure during the use of BDSs has not been reported and few studies have identified the bacteria present. The objectives were to measure the concentration of microorganisms during BDSs' use and monitor the bacterial community in the liquid over time. Five mechanical workshops were studied. Six 30-min samples were taken at each workshop over one year. Bioaerosols in the ambient air samples were collected with Andersen impactors near the BDS Bioaerosols in the workers' breathing zone (WBZ) were collected on filters...
November 21, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136412/combining-lead-exposure-measurements-and-experts-judgment-through-a-bayesian-framework
#12
Dong-Hee Koh, Ju-Hyun Park, Sang-Gil Lee, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Sangjun Choi, Hyejung Jung, Dong-Uk Park
Objectives: CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX) is a carcinogen-surveillance system employed in many countries. To develop Korean CAREX, the intensity of exposure to lead, as an example, was estimated across industries. Methods: Airborne-lead measurement records were extracted from the work-environment measurement database (WEMD), which is a nationwide workplace-monitoring database. Lead measurements were log-transformed; then, the log-transformed geometric means (LGMs) and log-transformed geometric standard deviations (LGSDs) were calculated for each industry...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125982/disability-in-activities-of-daily-living-among-adults-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Josephine Neo, Lucy Fettes, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Matthew Maddocks
INTRODUCTION: People with cancer frequently report limitation in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs); essential activities required to live independently within society. Although several studies have assessed ADL related disability, variability in assessment, setting, and population means evidence is difficult to interpret. We aimed to determine the prevalence of ADL related disability, overall and by setting, and the most commonly affected ADLs in people living with cancer. METHODS: We searched twelve databases to June 2016 for observational studies assessing ADL disability in adults with cancer...
December 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118166/laboratory-focus-on-improving-the-culture-of-biosafety-statewide-risk-assessment-of-clinical-laboratories-that-process-specimens-for-microbiologic-analysis
#14
Erik Munson, Erin J Bowles, Richard Dern, Eric Beck, Raymond P Podzorski, Allen C Bateman, Timothy K Block, Joshua L Kropp, Tyler Radke, Karen Siebers, Brian Simmons, Mary A Smith, Frances Spray-Larson, David M Warshauer
The Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene challenged Wisconsin laboratories to examine their biosafety practices and improve their culture of biosafety. 103 clinical and public health laboratories completed a questionnaire-based, microbiology-focused biosafety risk assessment. Greater than 96% of respondents performed activities related to specimen processing, direct microscopic examination, and rapid non-molecular testing, while approximately 60% performed culture interpretation. Although important to assessing risk, data specific to patient occupation, symptoms, and travel history were often unavailable to the laboratory and, therefore, less contributory to microbiology biosafety risk assessment than information relative to specimen source and test requisition...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093579/-hygiene-and-legal-aspects-of-occupational-exposure-assessment-to-cytostatics
#15
REVIEW
Małgorzata Kupczewska-Dobecka, Anna Pałaszewska-Tkacz, Sławomir Czerczak, Katarzyna Konieczko
The employers responsibilities for the assessment of occupational exposure to cytostatics in the workplace were analyzed in the light of existing legal regulations. Cytostatics may pose a threat to health and life of workers taking care of patients treated oncologically, i.e., pharmacists, physicians, nurses and other personnel. The significant scale of occupational exposure to cytostatics in Poland is confirmed by the data collected in the Central Register of Data on Exposure to Carcinogenic or Mutagenic Substances, Mixtures, Agents or Technological Processes, maintained by the Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland...
October 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075519/evaluation-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-physicians-performing-ultrasound
#16
Paweł Wareluk, Wiesław Jakubowski
AIM OF THE STUDY: Owing to its wide availability, relatively low cost and lack of negative effect on the patient, ultrasound has become the most commonly and readily used imaging modality. However, scanning for increasingly long periods of time on a given day and in a given week tends to negatively affect sonographers' health, primarily resulting with the overuse of the musculoskeletal system, as multiple muscles and joints are engaged during scanning. This research has been aimed at evaluating the prevalence and type of musculoskeletal symptoms among diagnostic medical sonographers, as well as identifying their professional profile...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069694/-glove-disinfection-knowledge-experiences-and-attitudes-of-hygiene-team-members-and-company-physicians
#17
Sebastian Schulz-Stübner, Friedrich Hofmann, Martina Michalis
Background Chemical-resistant single-use gloves allow the practice of glove disinfection. However, there are different recommendations for their use. Material and Methods We conducted a standardized survey during an infection control meeting and an occupational health symposium in order to gain data on knowledge, experiences and attitudes of hygiene team members and occupational health physicians in hospitals with regard to glove disinfection by group comparison. Results 558 out of 1000 questionnaires were returned, among them 246 (44...
October 25, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058297/does-hospital-ownership-influence-hand-hygiene-compliance
#18
Li-Ping Ye, Xin-Ping Zhang, Xiao-Quan Lai
The issue as to whether hospital ownership has an impact on the quality of care has long been a serious concern. Hand hygiene (HH) compliance is regarded as an important indicator of the quality of care in the control of hospital-acquired infections. However, little information is available on whether hospital ownership influences HH compliance. In this study, of 229 hospitals selected from Hubei province in China, 152 were public and 77 were private hospitals. A total of 23 652 healthcare workers (HCWs) were surveyed, using a convenience sampling...
October 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051771/prevalence-predictors-and-economic-burden-of-morbidities-among-waste-pickers-of-mumbai-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Praveen Chokhandre, Shrikant Singh, Gyan Chandra Kashyap
BACKGROUND: The occupation of waste-picking characterised as 3Ds - dangerous, drudgery and demanding. In this context, the study aimed to assess occupational morbidities among the waste-pickers and attempts to identify potential individual level risk factors enhancing health risks. Additionally, economic burden of morbidities has been assessed. METHODS: The burden of the morbidities was assessed and compared with a comparison group through a cross-sectional survey...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046512/guidelines-for-personal-exposure-monitoring-of-chemicals-part-ii
#20
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health. Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
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