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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929279/pet-related-infections
#1
Michael J Day
Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis (ringworm) and sarcoptic mange (scabies), which are both readily treated. Toxoplasmosis can be acquired from exposure to cat feces, but appropriate hygienic measures can minimize the risk to pregnant women. Persons who work with animals are at increased risk of acquiring bartonellosis (e...
November 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927239/the-relationship-between-blood-lead-levels-and-occupational-exposure-in-a-pregnant-population
#2
Osmel La-Llave-León, José Manuel Salas Pacheco, Sergio Estrada Martínez, Eloísa Esquivel Rodríguez, Francisco X Castellanos Juárez, Ada Sandoval Carrillo, Angélica María Lechuga Quiñones, Fernando Vázquez Alanís, Gonzalo García Vargas, Edna Madai Méndez Hernández, Jaime Duarte Sustaita
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women exposed to lead are at risk of suffering reproductive damages, such as miscarriage, preeclampsia, premature delivery and low birth weight. Despite that the workplace offers the greatest potential for lead exposure, there is relatively little information about occupational exposure to lead during pregnancy. This study aims to assess the association between blood lead levels and occupational exposure in pregnant women from Durango, Mexico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a population of 299 pregnant women...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905917/are-distinctive-risk-indicators-associated-with-different-stages-of-caries-in-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Maria Grazia Cagetti, Giovanna Congiu, Fabio Cocco, Gianfranco Meloni, Silvana Sale, Guglielmo Campus
BACKGROUND: Actual caries figures emphasize the need to identify the risk indicators involved in the disease's development. The hypothesis that certain risk indicators might affect the dynamic evolution of the caries process was assessed; to clarify this premise, a cross-sectional survey was performed in school children. METHODS: A total of 390 subjects aged 6-8 years old were randomly selected. Caries was assessed, and the subjects were stratified as follows: i) highest caries score; ii) most prevalent caries score; and iii) number of affected teeth...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904427/prevalence-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-and-enterobacteriaceae-on-hands-of-workers-in-halal-cattle-abattoirs-in-peninsular-malaysia
#4
Bahri Mohd Tamrin Shamsul, Muhammad Tukur Adamu, Mohd Nasir Mohd Desa, Siti Khairani-Bejo
BACKGROUND: Several occupational diseases of multiple origins are encountered among abattoir workers. Presence of indicator microorganisms (coliforms) on hands of workers can be used a gauge for hygienic practices. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to assess the prevalence of E.coli and enterobacteriaceae among Halal abattoir workers in some government halal abattoirs of Malaysia. A total of one hundred and sixty-five hand swab samples were collected from workers of Halal abattoirs in Malaysia...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891435/a-study-of-clinical-profile-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-scabies-at-a-rural-tertiary-care-centre
#5
Pragya Ashok Nair, Rita Vipul Vora, Nidhi B Jivani, Shailee S Gandhi
INTRODUCTION: Scabies is a contagious disease primarily related to poverty and overcrowding, it rapidly spreads from person to person specially in people with poor hygiene. We come across many patients from rural areas with scabies. In India the incidence ranges from 13% to 59% in rural and urban areas. Many people complain of sleep disturbances and affection of work and leisure activities due to itching. Very few studies are done in India about the affection of quality of life in such patients...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883104/-radiation-induced-cataracts
#6
Bjørn Helge Østerås, Kristin Jensen, Hilde Kjernlie Andersen, Anne Catrine T Martinsen
The dose limit for the lens of the eye for occupationally exposed workers that is stipulated in the Norwegian Regulation on radiation protection is based on outdated threshold doses for radiation-induced cataracts. Recent studies have shown that injuries may occur at significantly lower radiation doses than previously assumed. The results from the new studies will impact upon future legislation and recommendations regarding radiation hygiene for personnel in x-ray laboratories and operating theatres who may be exposed to significant radiation doses in the course of their work...
November 2016: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862114/a-bayesian-model-and-stochastic-exposure-dose-estimation-for-relative-exposure-risk-comparison-involving-asbestos-containing-dropped-ceiling-panel-installation-and-maintenance-tasks
#7
Fred W Boelter, Yulin Xia, Jacob D Persky
Assessing exposures to hazards in order to characterize risk is at the core of occupational hygiene. Our study examined dropped ceiling systems commonly used in schools and commercial buildings and lay-in ceiling panels that may have contained asbestos prior to the mid to late 1970s. However, most ceiling panels and tiles do not contain asbestos. Since asbestos risk relates to dose, we estimated the distribution of eight-hour TWA concentrations and one-year exposures (a one-year dose equivalent) to asbestos fibers (asbestos f/cc-years) for five groups of workers who may encounter dropped ceilings: specialists, generalists, maintenance workers, nonprofessional do-it-yourself (DIY) persons, and other tradespersons who are bystanders to ceiling work...
November 10, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819701/-work-experience-and-seniority-in-health-care-vs-medical-students-knowledge-of-selected-hand-hygiene-procedures
#8
Anna Różańska, Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach, Małgorzata Bulanda
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene (HH) is the most important element of infection prevention. The aim of the study was to analyze the level of HH knowledge among medical students of Jagiellonian University Medical College in correlation with their clinical experience and the presence and extent of trainings in hospital hygiene prior to internships, as well as with HH practice among medical staff perceived by students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out in a group of 414 students from October to December, 2014...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816309/-the-seasonal-flu-vaccination-among-caregivers-in-geriatric-units-up-to-date
#9
E Contal, A Putot, M Dipanda, S Perrin, S Asgassou, H Sordet-Guépet, P Manckoundia
BACKGROUND: Flu vaccinations for healthcare professionals seems to be one of the most effective preventive actions in the face of a disease that carries a high risk of a potentially serious nosocomial epidemic in a geriatric environment. The aim of this study was to take stock of the flu vaccination status among caregivers in the geriatric units and to understand the reasons for their reluctance to be vaccinated, in order to put forward proposals to improve vaccination coverage. METHOD: A literature search of articles published since 2000 in the area of geriatrics, infectious diseases or pneumology was mainly conducted on PubMed using the keywords "caregivers", "elderly", "flu", "influenza", "nosocomial" and "vaccination"...
December 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808662/elemental-properties-of-coal-slag-and-measured-airborne-exposures-at-two-coal-slag-processing-facilities
#10
Christopher Mugford, Randy Boylstein, Jenna L Gibbs
In 1974, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommended a ban on the use of silica sand abrasives containing >1% silica due to the risk of silicosis. This gave rise to substitutes including coal slag. An Occupational Safety and Health Administration investigation in 2010 uncovered a case cluster of suspected pneumoconiosis in four former workers at a coal slag processing facility in Illinois, possibly attributable to occupational exposure to coal slag dust. This article presents the results from a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health industrial hygiene survey at the same coal slag processing facility and a second facility...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798529/assessing-the-congregate-disaster-shelter-using-shelter-facility-assessment-data-for-evaluating-potential-hazards-to-occupants-during-disasters
#11
Miguel A Cruz, Stephanie Garcia, Muhammad A B Chowdhury, Josephine Malilay, Nancy Perea, O Dale Williams
Disaster shelter assessments are environmental health assessments conducted during disaster situations to evaluate the living environment of shelters for hygiene, sanitation, and safety conditions. We conducted a secondary data analysis of shelter assessment records available (n = 108) on ice storms, floods, and tornado events from 1 state jurisdiction. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze results of environmental health deficiencies found in the facilities. The greater numbers of environmental health deficiencies were associated with sanitation (26%), facility physical issues (19%), and food areas (17%)...
January 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797628/working-together-using-a-unique-approach-to-evaluate-an-interactive-and-clinic-based-longitudinal-interprofessional-education-experience-with-13-professions
#12
Britta M Thompson, Dale W Bratzler, Mark J Fisher, Amie Torres, Epic Faculty, Rhonda A Sparks
Interprofessional education (IPE) involving an interactive and longitudinal clinic experience at an inner-city charitable clinic from September to May 2013/2014 was evaluated. Pre-, mid-, and post-intervention data were collected from students in 13 different professions including medicine (medical and physician assistant), dentistry (dental and dental hygiene), nursing (undergraduate and clinical nurse specialist), public health, pharmacy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, nutritional sciences, speech and language pathology, and social work...
November 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792033/assessment-of-dust-exposure-in-a-steel-plant-in-the-eastern-coast-of-peninsular-malaysia
#13
A H Nurul, B M T Shamsul, I Noor Hassim
BACKGROUND: Steel manufacturing produces dust, fumes, and pollutant gases that may give adverse health effects to the respiratory function of workers. Improper occupational hygiene practice in the workplace will affect both workers wellbeing and productivity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of particulate matter [(PM2.5, PM10, and Total Particulate Matter (TPM)], and trace metal dust concentrations in different sections of a steel plant and compare with the occupational exposure values...
October 28, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760887/comparative-effectiveness-of-three-occupational-therapy-sleep-interventions-a-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Sharon A Gutman, Kristin A Gregory, Megan M Sadlier-Brown, Marcy A Schlissel, Allison M Schubert, Lee Ann Westover, Richard C Miller
Although sleep intervention is within the domain of occupational therapy, few studies exist supporting practice. Effectiveness of three sleep interventions was compared: Dreampad Pillow®, iRest® meditation, and sleep hygiene. Twenty-nine participants were randomly assigned to the Dreampad Pillow® (n = 10), iRest® meditation (n = 9), and sleep hygiene (n = 10) groups. In Phase 1, all participants used a 7-day sleep hygiene regimen to reduce poor sleep habits. In Phase 2 (14 days), 10 participants used the Dreampad Pillow® and sleep hygiene, nine used the iRest meditation and sleep hygiene, and 10 continued sleep hygiene only...
October 18, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756122/a-call-for-action-from-workers-local-residents-and-consumers-a-safe-society-from-toxic-chemicals
#15
Shinbum Kim, Sanghyuk Im, Youngeun Choi, Soomi Park, Jaesoon Hyun, Kyung Seok Lee, Sunimm Lee, Sung-Nan Lee, Jeongri Seo, Ju Hee Kim, Hyunsun Na, Minsun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754795/seroprevalence-of-brucella-spp-in-cattle-molecular-characterization-in-milk-and-the-analysis-of-associated-risk-factors-with-seroprevalence-in-humans-egypt
#16
Mohamed M El-Diasty, Heba A Ahmed, Ashraf E Sayour, Fatma I El Hofy, Asmaa B M B Tahoun, Saleh M Shafik
The objective of the present study was to estimate the seroprevalence of Brucella spp. in humans and cattle at Sharkia Governorate, Egypt. In addition, identification of Brucella spp. in milk samples by PCR and culture with the evaluation of the risk factors associated with Brucella spp. seroprevalence in humans were carried out. Overall, the seroprevalence of Brucella antibodies in the examined cattle was 23.8%, while in human participants it was 21%. The examination of 205 milk samples using PCR revealed that 6...
December 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730028/prevalence-of-cmv-infection-among-staff-in-a-metropolitan-children-s-hospital-occupational-health-screening-findings
#17
Johanna Stranzinger, Jutta Kindel, Melanie Henning, Dana Wendeler, Albert Nienhaus
Background: Staff in children's hospitals may run an increased risk of cytomegalovirus (CMV) contact infection leading to a congenital CMV fetopathy during pregnancy. The main risk factor is close contact with inapparent carriers of CMV among infants (<3 years). We therefore examined CMV seroprevalence (SP) and possible risk factors for CMV infection among staff at a children's hospital. Method: In 2014, staff at a metropolitan children's hospital were offered a CMV antibody test in the context of occupational health screening...
2016: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725599/evaluation-of-performance-loss-of-paraffin-oil-loaded-filtering-facepieces
#18
Francesca Tombolini, Stefano Listrani, Antonella Campopiano, Carmela Plebani
Penetration measurements through commercially available filtering facepieces were performed with monodisperse DEHS aerosols ranging from 0.03 μm to 0.40 μm (either singly charged or neutralized), before and after 500 mg of paraffin oil loading. The distinct behavior of Coulomb and polarization capture efficiency is studied: as in the case of non loading also in the case of loading 500 mg of paraffin oil, the electrostatic capture mechanisms are mainly due to the Coulomb contribution up to aerosol particle diameter of about 0...
2016: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703538/knowledge-of-health-principles-among-professionals-in-slovenian-kindergartens
#19
Damjan Slabe, Rok Fink, Eva Dolenc, Andreja Kvas
OBJECTIVES: Preschool children have significant health issues. From the relevant legislation and regulations, it can be seen that kindergarten teachers (KTs) and kindergarten teacher assistants (KTAs) are expected to be familiarwith the basic hygienic measures and steps for preventing injuries and illnesses, to recognize infectious diseases, and to know how to give the first aid. To gain these skills, a continuous life-long learning is necessary, because the characteristics of diseases are changing...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694787/oral-health-and-quality-of-life-in-the-municipal-senior-citizen-s-social-clubs-for-people-over-65-of-valencia-spain
#20
B Sáez-Prado, M-C Haya-Fernández, M-T Sanz-García
BACKGROUND: The world population is aging considerably. The state of elderly's dentition is poor. Many authors agree that the oral health status influence the elderly's quality of life.The objective of our study was to analyze the relation between the oral health status and the general health status through the quality of life of elderly people aged 65 years or more in Valencia, Spain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional oral health survey and an oral examination have been designed to study an elderly population...
November 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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