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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141146/the-effect-of-pressure-and-temperature-on-mid-infrared-sensing-of-dissolved-hydrocarbons-in-water
#1
Charles Heath, Matthew B Myers, Bobby Pejcic
Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy using a polymer coated internal reflection element/waveguide is an established sensor platform for the detection of a range of organic and hydrocarbon molecules dissolved in water. The polymer coating serves two purposes: to concentrate hydrocarbons from the aqueous phase and to exclude water along with other interfering molecules from the surface of the internal reflection element. Crucial to reliable quantification and analytical performance is the calibration of the ATR-FTIR sensor which is commonly performed in water under mild ambient conditions (i...
November 15, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123345/effect-of-supportive-psychotherapy-on-mental-health-status-and-quality-of-life-of-female-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-for-recurrent-disease
#2
Anindita Mukherjee, Koustav Mazumder, Vikrant Kaushal, Sushmita Ghoshal
Context: Cancer patients receiving chemotherapy for their recurrent disease often report the presence of anxiety and depression. Aims: In the study, we intended to find out the mental health status and overall quality of life (QOL) of such patients and to identify the effect of supportive psychotherapy. Subjects and Methods: Forty cancer patients undergoing second or subsequent line chemotherapy(CCT) were selected for psychotherapy session...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107609/the-utility-of-twins-in-developmental-cognitive-neuroscience-research-how-twins-strengthen-the-abcd-research-design
#3
REVIEW
William G Iacono, Andrew C Heath, John K Hewitt, Michael C Neale, Marie T Banich, Monica M Luciana, Pamela A Madden, Deanna M Barch, James M Bjork
The ABCD twin study will elucidate the genetic and environmental contributions to a wide range of mental and physical health outcomes in children, including substance use, brain and behavioral development, and their interrelationship. Comparisons within and between monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs, further powered by multiple assessments, provide information about genetic and environmental contributions to developmental associations, and enable stronger tests of causal hypotheses, than do comparisons involving unrelated children...
September 12, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096309/evaluation-of-acute-and-chronic-ecotoxicity-of-cyclophosphamide-ifosfamide-their-metabolites-transformation-products-and-uv-treated-samples
#4
Chiara Russo, Margherita Lavorgna, Marjeta Česen, Tina Kosjek, Ester Heath, Marina Isidori
Cyclophosphamide (CP) and Ifosfamide (IF) are two nitrogen mustard drugs widely prescribed in cancer therapy. They are continuously released via excreta into hospital and urban wastewaters reaching wastewater treatment plants. Although CP and IF, their metabolites and transformation products (TPs) residues have been found in the aquatic environment from few ng L(-1) to tens of μg L(-1), their environmental toxic effects are still not well known. The present study aimed to investigate the acute and chronic ecotoxicity of CP and IF and their commercially available human metabolites/TPs, i...
October 27, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058937/inhibitory-control-in-siblings-discordant-for-exposure-to-maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy
#5
Lauren Micalizzi, Kristine Marceau, Leslie A Brick, Rohan H Palmer, Alexandre A Todorov, Andrew C Heath, Allison Evans, Valerie S Knopik
Maternal smoking during pregnancy (SDP) has been linked to poorer offspring executive function across development, but SDP does not occur independent of other familial risk factors. As such, poor and inconsistent control for potential confounds, notably shared familial (i.e., genetic and environmental) confounds, preclude concluding causal effects of SDP on child outcomes. We examined the within-family association between SDP and one component of executive function, inhibitory control, in a sample of families (N = 173) specifically selected for sibling pairs discordant for exposure to SDP...
October 23, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054635/emissions-of-volatile-organic-compounds-vocs-from-cooking-and-their-speciation-a-case-study-for-shanghai-with-implications-for-china
#6
Hongli Wang, Zhiyuan Xiang, Lina Wang, Shengao Jing, Shengrong Lou, Shikang Tao, Jing Liu, Mingzhou Yu, Li Li, Li Lin, Ying Chen, Alfred Wiedensohler, Changhong Chen
Cooking emission is one of sources for ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which is deleterious to air quality, climate and human health. These emissions are especially of great interest in large cities of East and Southeast Asia. We conducted a case study in which VOC emissions from kitchen extraction stacks have been sampled in total 57 times in the Megacity Shanghai. To obtain representative data, we sampled VOC emissions from kitchens, including restaurants of seven common cuisine types, canteens, and family kitchens...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037411/thermal-adaptation-in-north-american-cicadas-hemiptera-cicadidae
#7
Allen F Sanborn, James E Heath, Maxine S Heath, Polly K Phillips
We determine and summarize the thermal responses for 118 species and subspecies of North American cicadas representing more than 50 years of fieldwork and experimentation. We investigate the role that habitat and behavior have on the thermal adaptation of the North American cicadas. There are general patterns of increasing thermal responses in warmer floristic provinces and increasing maximum potential temperature within a habitat. Altitude shows an inverse relationship with thermal responses. Comparison of thermal responses of species emerging early or late in the season within the same habitat show increases in the thermal responses along with the increasing environmental temperatures late in the summer...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921465/emerging-roles-for-epigenetic-programming-in-the-control-of-inflammatory-signaling-integration-in-heath-and-disease
#8
Yiqun Hu, Feng Yan, Le Ying, Dakang Xu
Macrophages and dendritic cells initiate the innate immune response to infection and injury and contribute to inflammatory signaling to maintain the homeostasis of various tissues, which includes resident macrophages for the elimination of invading microorganisms and tissue damage. Inappropriate inflammatory signaling can lead to persistent inflammation and further develop into autoimmune and inflammation-associated diseases. Inflammatory signaling pathways have been well characterized, but how these signaling pathways are converted into sustained and diverse patterns of expression of cytokines, chemokines, and other genes in response to environmental challenges is unclear...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879355/rare-earth-elements-in-freshwater-marine-and-terrestrial-ecosystems-in-the-eastern-canadian-arctic
#9
Gwyneth Anne MacMillan, John Chételat, Joel P Heath, Raymond Mickpegak, Marc Amyot
Few ecotoxicological studies exist for rare earth elements (REEs), particularly field-based studies on their bioaccumulation and food web dynamics. REE mining has led to significant environmental impacts in several countries (China, Brazil, U.S.), yet little is known about the fate and transport of these contaminants of emerging concern. Northern ecosystems are potentially vulnerable to REE enrichment from prospective mining projects at high latitudes. To understand how REEs behave in remote northern food webs, we measured REE concentrations and carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios (∂(15)N, ∂(13)C) in biota from marine, freshwater, and terrestrial ecosystems of the eastern Canadian Arctic (N = 339)...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875252/childhood-trauma-and-two-stages-of-alcohol-use-in-african-american-and-european-american-women-findings-from-a-female-twin-sample
#10
Carolyn E Sartor, Julia D Grant, Lauren R Few, Kimberly B Werner, Vivia V McCutcheon, Alexis E Duncan, Elliot C Nelson, Pamela A F Madden, Kathleen K Bucholz, Andrew C Heath, Arpana Agrawal
The current investigation assessed for moderating effects of childhood trauma on genetic and environmental contributions to timing of alcohol use initiation and alcohol use disorder in African American (AA) and European American (EA) women. Data were drawn from diagnostic telephone interviews conducted with 3786 participants (14.6% AA) in a longitudinal female twin study. Childhood trauma was defined alternately as child maltreatment and more broadly to include other events (e.g., witnessing violence). Phenotypic associations between childhood trauma and alcohol outcomes were estimated using logistic regression analyses...
September 5, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807298/using-a-rule-based-envelope-model-to-predict-the-expansion-of-habitat-suitability-within-new-zealand-for-the-tick-haemaphysalis-longicornis-with-future-projections-based-on-two-climate-change-scenarios
#11
K E Lawrence, S R Summers, A C G Heath, A M J McFadden, D J Pulford, A B Tait, W E Pomroy
Haemaphysalis longicornis is the only species of tick present in New Zealand which infests livestock and is also the only competent vector for Theileria orientalis. Since 2012, New Zealand has suffered from an epidemic of infectious bovine anaemia associated with T. orientalis, an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite of cattle and buffaloes. The aim of this study was to predict the spatial distribution of habitat suitability of New Zealand for the tick H. longicornis using a simple rule-based climate envelope model, to validate the model against published data and use the validated model to project an expansion in habitat suitability for H...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743462/bacteriophages-in-the-human-gut-our-fellow-travelers-throughout-life-and-potential-biomarkers-of-heath-or-disease
#12
REVIEW
Babak Bakhshinejad, Saeedeh Ghiasvand
The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is populated by a huge variety of viruses. Bacterial viruses (bacteriophages) constitute the largest and the most unrecognized part of virome. The total bacteriophage community of the human gut is called phageome. Phages colonize the gut from the earliest moments of life and become our fellow travelers throughout life. Phageome seems to be unique to each individual and shows a high degree of interpersonal variation. In the healthy gut, a vast majority of phages have a lysogenic lifestyle...
July 22, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664999/abrupt-changes-in-the-composition-and-function-of-fungal-communities-along-an-environmental-gradient-in-the-high-arctic
#13
Oriol Grau, József Geml, Aaron Pérez-Haase, Josep M Ninot, Tatiana A Semenova-Nelsen, Josep Peñuelas
Fungi play a key role in soil-plant interactions, nutrient cycling and carbon flow and are essential for the functioning of arctic terrestrial ecosystems. Some studies have shown that the composition of fungal communities is highly sensitive to variations in environmental conditions, but little is known about how the conditions control the role of fungal communities (i.e., their ecosystem function). We used DNA metabarcoding to compare taxonomic and functional composition of fungal communities along a gradient of environmental severity in Northeast Greenland...
June 30, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616889/risk-communication-emergency-response-preparedness-contextual-assessment-of-the-protective-action-decision-model
#14
Robert L Heath, Jaesub Lee, Michael J Palenchar, Laura L Lemon
Studies are continuously performed to improve risk communication campaign designs to better prepare residents to act in the safest manner during an emergency. To that end, this article investigates the predictive ability of the protective action decision model (PADM), which links environmental and social cues, predecision processes (attention, exposure, and comprehension), and risk decision perceptions (threat, alternative protective actions, and stakeholder norms) with protective action decision making. This current quasi-longitudinal study of residents (N = 400 for each year) in a high-risk (chemical release) petrochemical manufacturing community investigated whether PADM core risk perceptions predict protective action decision making...
June 14, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616064/plasticity-in-gene-transcription-explains-the-differential-performance-of-two-invasive-fish-species
#15
Kyle W Wellband, Daniel D Heath
Phenotypic plasticity buffers organisms from environmental change and is hypothesized to aid the initial establishment of nonindigenous species in novel environments and postestablishment range expansion. The genetic mechanisms that underpin phenotypically plastic traits are generally poorly characterized; however, there is strong evidence that modulation of gene transcription is an important component of these responses. Here, we use RNA sequencing to examine the transcriptional basis of temperature tolerance for round and tubenose goby, two nonindigenous fish species that differ dramatically in the extent of their Great Lakes invasions despite similar invasion dates...
July 2017: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558420/understanding-the-drivers-of-extensive-plant-damage-in-boreal-and-arctic-ecosystems-insights-from-field-surveys-in-the-aftermath-of-damage
#16
Jarle W Bjerke, Rachael Treharne, Dagrun Vikhamar-Schuler, Stein R Karlsen, Virve Ravolainen, Stef Bokhorst, Gareth K Phoenix, Zbigniew Bochenek, Hans Tømmervik
The exact cause of population dieback in nature is often challenging to identify retrospectively. Plant research in northern regions has in recent decades been largely focussed on the opposite trend, namely increasing populations and higher productivity. However, a recent unexpected decline in remotely-sensed estimates of terrestrial Arctic primary productivity suggests that warmer northern lands do not necessarily result in higher productivity. As large-scale plant dieback may become more frequent at high northern latitudes with increasing frequency of extreme events, understanding the drivers of plant dieback is especially urgent...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558277/cytotoxicity-and-genotoxicity-of-anticancer-drug-residues-and-their-mixtures-in-experimental-model-with-zebrafish-liver-cells
#17
Matjaž Novak, Bojana Žegura, Barbara Modic, Ester Heath, Metka Filipič
Anticancer drugs enter aquatic environment predominantly via hospital and municipal wastewater effluents where they may, due to their genotoxic potential, cause adverse environmental effects even at very low doses. In this study we evaluated cytotoxic and genotoxic potential of two widely used anticancer drugs, cyclophosphamide (CP) and ifosfamide (IF) as individual compounds and in a complex mixture together with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin (CDDP) because these four drugs have been frequently detected in an oncological ward effluents...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554116/riparian-vegetation-in-the-alpine-connectome-terrestrial-aquatic-and-terrestrial-terrestrial-interactions
#18
Dragos G Zaharescu, Antonio Palanca-Soler, Peter S Hooda, Catalin Tanase, Carmen I Burghelea, Richard N Lester
Alpine regions are under increased attention worldwide for their critical role in early biogeochemical cycles, their high sensitivity to environmental change, and as repositories of natural resources of high quality. Their riparian ecosystems, at the interface between aquatic and terrestrial environments, play important geochemical functions in the watershed and are biodiversity hotspots, despite a harsh climate and topographic setting. With climate change rapidly affecting the alpine biome, we still lack a comprehensive understanding of the extent of interactions between riparian surface, lake and catchment environments...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443625/genome-wide-meta-analysis-of-241-258-adults-accounting-for-smoking-behaviour-identifies-novel-loci-for-obesity-traits
#19
Anne E Justice, Thomas W Winkler, Mary F Feitosa, Misa Graff, Virginia A Fisher, Kristin Young, Llilda Barata, Xuan Deng, Jacek Czajkowski, David Hadley, Julius S Ngwa, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Audrey Y Chu, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Elise Lim, Jeremiah Perez, John D Eicher, Zoltán Kutalik, Luting Xue, Anubha Mahajan, Frida Renström, Joseph Wu, Qibin Qi, Shafqat Ahmad, Tamuno Alfred, Najaf Amin, Lawrence F Bielak, Amelie Bonnefond, Jennifer Bragg, Gemma Cadby, Martina Chittani, Scott Coggeshall, Tanguy Corre, Nese Direk, Joel Eriksson, Krista Fischer, Mathias Gorski, Marie Neergaard Harder, Momoko Horikoshi, Tao Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, Anne U Jackson, Johanne Marie Justesen, Stavroula Kanoni, Leena Kinnunen, Marcus E Kleber, Pirjo Komulainen, Meena Kumari, Unhee Lim, Jian'an Luan, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Massimo Mangino, Ani Manichaikul, Jonathan Marten, Rita P S Middelberg, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Pau Navarro, Louis Pérusse, Natalia Pervjakova, Cinzia Sarti, Albert Vernon Smith, Jennifer A Smith, Alena Stančáková, Rona J Strawbridge, Heather M Stringham, Yun Ju Sung, Toshiko Tanaka, Alexander Teumer, Stella Trompet, Sander W van der Laan, Peter J van der Most, Jana V Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Sailaja L Vedantam, Niek Verweij, Jacqueline M Vink, Veronique Vitart, Ying Wu, Loic Yengo, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Martina E Zimmermann, Niha Zubair, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Linda S Adair, Saima Afaq, Uzma Afzal, Stephan J L Bakker, Traci M Bartz, John Beilby, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Reiner Biffar, John Blangero, Eric Boerwinkle, Lori L Bonnycastle, Erwin Bottinger, Daniele Braga, Brendan M Buckley, Steve Buyske, Harry Campbell, John C Chambers, Francis S Collins, Joanne E Curran, Gert J de Borst, Anton J M de Craen, Eco J C de Geus, George Dedoussis, Graciela E Delgado, Hester M den Ruijter, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Anna L Eriksson, Tõnu Esko, Jessica D Faul, Ian Ford, Terrence Forrester, Karl Gertow, Bruna Gigante, Nicola Glorioso, Jian Gong, Harald Grallert, Tanja B Grammer, Niels Grarup, Saskia Haitjema, Göran Hallmans, Anders Hamsten, Torben Hansen, Tamara B Harris, Catharina A Hartman, Maija Hassinen, Nicholas D Hastie, Andrew C Heath, Dena Hernandez, Lucia Hindorff, Lynne J Hocking, Mette Hollensted, Oddgeir L Holmen, Georg Homuth, Jouke Jan Hottenga, Jie Huang, Joseph Hung, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Erik Ingelsson, Alan L James, John-Olov Jansson, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Min A Jhun, Marit E Jørgensen, Markus Juonala, Mika Kähönen, Magnus Karlsson, Heikki A Koistinen, Ivana Kolcic, Genovefa Kolovou, Charles Kooperberg, Bernhard K Krämer, Johanna Kuusisto, Kirsti Kvaløy, Timo A Lakka, Claudia Langenberg, Lenore J Launer, Karin Leander, Nanette R Lee, Lars Lind, Cecilia M Lindgren, Allan Linneberg, Stephane Lobbens, Marie Loh, Mattias Lorentzon, Robert Luben, Gitta Lubke, Anja Ludolph-Donislawski, Sara Lupoli, Pamela A F Madden, Reija Männikkö, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Nicholas G Martin, Colin A McKenzie, Barbara McKnight, Dan Mellström, Cristina Menni, Grant W Montgomery, Aw Bill Musk, Narisu Narisu, Matthias Nauck, Ilja M Nolte, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Matthias Olden, Ken K Ong, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Patricia A Peyser, Charlotta Pisinger, David J Porteous, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, D C Rao, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Rajesh Rawal, Treva Rice, Paul M Ridker, Lynda M Rose, Stephanie A Bien, Igor Rudan, Serena Sanna, Mark A Sarzynski, Naveed Sattar, Kai Savonen, David Schlessinger, Salome Scholtens, Claudia Schurmann, Robert A Scott, Bengt Sennblad, Marten A Siemelink, Günther Silbernagel, P Eline Slagboom, Harold Snieder, Jan A Staessen, David J Stott, Morris A Swertz, Amy J Swift, Kent D Taylor, Bamidele O Tayo, Barbara Thorand, Dorothee Thuillier, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Andre G Uitterlinden, Liesbeth Vandenput, Marie-Claude Vohl, Henry Völzke, Judith M Vonk, Gérard Waeber, Melanie Waldenberger, R G J Westendorp, Sarah Wild, Gonneke Willemsen, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Andrew Wong, Alan F Wright, Wei Zhao, M Carola Zillikens, Damiano Baldassarre, Beverley Balkau, Stefania Bandinelli, Carsten A Böger, Dorret I Boomsma, Claude Bouchard, Marcel Bruinenberg, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-DerIda Chen, Peter S Chines, Richard S Cooper, Francesco Cucca, Daniele Cusi, Ulf de Faire, Luigi Ferrucci, Paul W Franks, Philippe Froguel, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Vilmundur Gudnason, Christopher A Haiman, Caroline Hayward, Kristian Hveem, Andrew D Johnson, J Wouter Jukema, Sharon L R Kardia, Mika Kivimaki, Jaspal S Kooner, Diana Kuh, Markku Laakso, Terho Lehtimäki, Loic Le Marchand, Winfried März, Mark I McCarthy, Andres Metspalu, Andrew P Morris, Claes Ohlsson, Lyle J Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Oluf Pedersen, Annette Peters, Ulrike Peters, Ozren Polasek, Bruce M Psaty, Lu Qi, Rainer Rauramaa, Blair H Smith, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Konstantin Strauch, Henning Tiemeier, Elena Tremoli, Pim van der Harst, Henrik Vestergaard, Peter Vollenweider, Nicholas J Wareham, David R Weir, John B Whitfield, James F Wilson, Jessica Tyrrell, Timothy M Frayling, Inês Barroso, Michael Boehnke, Panagiotis Deloukas, Caroline S Fox, Joel N Hirschhorn, David J Hunter, Tim D Spector, David P Strachan, Cornelia M van Duijn, Iris M Heid, Karen L Mohlke, Jonathan Marchini, Ruth J F Loos, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Ching-Ti Liu, Ingrid B Borecki, Kari E North, L Adrienne Cupples
Few genome-wide association studies (GWAS) account for environmental exposures, like smoking, potentially impacting the overall trait variance when investigating the genetic contribution to obesity-related traits. Here, we use GWAS data from 51,080 current smokers and 190,178 nonsmokers (87% European descent) to identify loci influencing BMI and central adiposity, measured as waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio both adjusted for BMI. We identify 23 novel genetic loci, and 9 loci with convincing evidence of gene-smoking interaction (GxSMK) on obesity-related traits...
April 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414723/prevalence-and-determinants-of-stereotypic-behaviours-and-physiological-stress-among-tigers-and-leopards-in-indian-zoos
#20
Janice Vaz, Edward J Narayan, R Dileep Kumar, K Thenmozhi, Krishnamoorthy Thiyagesan, Nagarajan Baskaran
India's charismatic wildlife species are facing immense pressure from anthropogenic-induced environmental perturbations. Zoos play a major role in the conservation of threatened species, but their adaptation in captivity is posing a major challenge globally. Stress from inadequate adaptation could lead to suppression of cognitive functioning and increased display of stereotypic behaviour. It is thus necessary to measure biological traits like behaviour, stress physiology, and contextual factors driving the animals maintained at zoos...
2017: PloS One
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