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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667736/commentary-advancing-an-implementation-science-agenda-on-mental-health-and-psychosocial-responses-in-war-affected-settings-comment-on-trials-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-youth-affected-by-the-syrian-crisis-by-panter-brick-et-al-2018
#1
Theresa S Betancourt, Mina Fazel
Syria's civil conflict has created the largest humanitarian disaster of our time, causing massive population displacement, tremendous exposure to trauma, and loss. Advancing the mental health and psychosocial responses of war-affected populations both during acute humanitarian emergencies and in post-conflict transition is imperative in forging a constructive implementation agenda. This study makes an important contribution in building evidence toward effective interventions to advance the mental health and well-being of those affected by the Syrian crisis...
May 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666343/interleukin-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-hiv-1-infection-a-meta-analysis
#2
Chrissa G Tsiara, Georgios K Nikolopoulos, Niki L Dimou, Katerina G Pantavou, Pantelis G Bagos, Benedicta Mensah, Michael Talias, Georgia G Braliou, Dimitra Paraskeva, Stefanos Bonovas, Angelos Hatzakis
Some subjects are repeatedly exposed to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), yet they remain uninfected. This suggests the existence of host-resistance mechanisms. The current study synthesizes the evidence regarding the association between interleukin (IL) gene polymorphisms and HIV susceptibility. Medline, Scopus and the Web of Science databases were systematically searched, and a meta-analysis of case-control studies was conducted. Univariate and bivariate methods were used. The literature search identified 42 eligible studies involving 15,727 subjects...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666134/adoption-of-a-novel-surgical-innovation-into-clinical-practice-protocol-for-a-qualitative-systematic-review-examining-surgeon-views
#3
Thomas L Lewis, Hugh N Furness, George W Miller, Nicholas Parsons, Kate Seers, Martin Underwood, Andrew J Metcalfe
INTRODUCTION: Efficient adoption of clinically effective novel surgical innovations has great potential benefits for patients. Factors affecting the adoption of surgical innovation are not well understood and proposed models of adoption do not accurately correlate with historical evidence. This protocol is for a systematic review that aims to identify the qualitative evidence relating to surgeon views regarding the adoption of novel surgical innovation into clinical practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidance will be performed...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665525/effects-of-pcr-inhibitors-on-mrna-expression-for-human-blood-identification
#4
Shusaku Matsumura, Aya Matsusue, Brian Waters, Masayuki Kashiwagi, Kenji Hara, Shin-Ichi Kubo
Detection of body fluid-specific mRNAs, such as those specific for blood, using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become a useful tool in forensic science. Blood stains often contain PCR inhibitors that may be co-extracted with RNA and adversely affect PCR. The effects of inhibitors on the detection of mRNA markers for blood identification, namely, hemoglobin beta (HBB) and actin beta, were examined herein. Inhibitors were added to a real-time PCR mix, reverse transcription mix, and blood samples before RNA extraction, and the following parameters: Ct, delta Ct (dCt), and melting temperature (Tm) values, were monitored...
April 9, 2018: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665147/detrimental-effects-of-a-novel-flow-regime-on-the-functional-trajectory-of-an-aquatic-invertebrate-metacommunity
#5
Albert Ruhi, Xiaoli Dong, Courtney H McDaniel, Darold P Batzer, John L Sabo
Novel flow regimes resulting from dam operations and overallocation of freshwater resources are an emerging consequence of global change. Yet, anticipating how freshwater biodiversity will respond to surging flow regime alteration requires overcoming two challenges in environmental flow science: shifting from local to riverscape-level understanding of biodiversity dynamics, and from static to time-varying characterizations of the flow regime. Here, we used time-series methods (wavelets and multivariate autoregressive models) to quantify flow-regime alteration and to link time-varying flow regimes to the dynamics of multiple local communities potentially connected by dispersal (i...
April 17, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664885/the-effect-of-hip-positioning-on-the-projected-femoral-neck-shaft-angle-a-modeling-study
#6
Abhiram R Bhashyam, Edward K Rodriguez, Paul Appleton, John J Wixted
OBJECTIVES: The femoral neck-shaft angle (NSA) is used to restore normal hip geometry during hip fracture repair. Femoral rotation is known to affect NSA measurement, but the effect of hip flexion-extension is unknown. The goals of this study were to determine and test mathematical models of the relationship between hip flexion-extension, femoral rotation and NSA. We hypothesized that hip flexion-extension and femoral rotation would result in NSA measurement error. METHODS: Two mathematical models were developed to predict NSA in varying degrees of hip flexion-extension and femoral rotation...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663902/causal-beliefs-affect-treatment-practices-and-preferences-for-neonatal-danger-signs-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#7
Tariku Nigatu Bogale, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Alemayehu Yalew, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Zemene Tigabu Kebede
This study was conducted to explore the experiences of community members, particularly mothers, concerning their beliefs about the causes, treatment practices, and preferences for WHO-defined neonatal danger signs in northwest Ethiopia. A phenomenological qualitative study was conducted in three districts of north Gondar Zone, Amhara region, Ethiopia, from March 10 to 28, 2016. Twelve focus group discussions were conducted involving 98 individuals. In-depth interviews were conducted with six health extension workers and 30 women who were either pregnant or who delivered in the past 6 months...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659690/perspective-challenges-and-controversial-issues-in-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-1980-2015
#8
Marion Nestle
Since 1980, every edition of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) has recommended increased consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, but reduced consumption of saturated fat, sugars, and sodium and, therefore, their primary food sources. Every edition has generated controversy, mainly from producers of foods affected by "eat less" recommendations, particularly meat. Objections to the 2015 DGAs focused on environmental as well as scientific issues, but also on purported conflicts of interest among members of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659107/knowledge-and-practice-of-healthcare-professionals-relating-to-oral-medicine-use-in-swallowing-impaired-patients-a-scoping-review
#9
REVIEW
Mehrusha Masilamoney, Ros Dowse
OBJECTIVES: Swallowing impairment is a growing problem that affects 16% of the overall population and can significantly affect medicine-taking. However, little is known about the knowledge and practice of healthcare professionals (HCPs) relating to swallowing-impaired (SI) patients. The aim of this scoping review was to investigate the knowledge and practice of HCPs in supporting SI patients with their medicine-taking, to identify their reference sources, and to describe their training and information needs...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658438/a-systematic-review-of-first-trimester-biochemical-and-molecular-predictive-tests-for-preeclampsia
#10
Fatemeh Abdi, Zohreh Aghaie, Fatemeh Sadat Rahnemaie, Zainab Alimoradi
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder affecting 5%-8% of pregnant women. Considering the ongoing debate over the predicting value of some commercial first trimester tests, the aim of this study was to compare the existing first trimester screening tests for preeclampsia. METHODS: In this systematic review, relevant articles published during 2000-2017 were extracted from PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Science, and ProQuest databases...
April 16, 2018: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656563/factors-affecting-publication-in-peer-reviewed-journals-of-abstracts-presented-from-2008-to-2012-acvo-meetings
#11
Ellison Bentley, Megan Koester, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Nadav Yair, Ron Ofri
PURPOSE: To examine variables that affect publication of ACVO meeting abstracts in peer-reviewed journals and compare results to ECVO publication rate (PR). METHODS: Published papers were identified via online searches for abstracts from 2008 to 2012 ACVO/ECVO meetings. Variables analyzed (via Pearson's chi-Squared test) included the following: oral presentation/poster, type of abstract (clinical/basic science/case report), species, ocular tissue, nationality, funding, first/last/any author a diplomate, resident as first author, and author affiliation (private practice/university)...
April 14, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656283/economic-and-political-innovation-for-nutritional-improvement
#12
Joachim von Braun
Large shares of the world population are still affected by nutrition deficiencies and undernutrition. However, the current global agriculture and food system and its international governance shows signs of serious malfunctioning, and is not equipped to cope with the current and future challenges it is facing. In view of the complex and multi-dimensional nature of nutrition problems, a framework is put forward here to improve the understanding of underlying causalities, and to identify priorities for action...
April 13, 2018: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652936/does-scale-matter-a-systematic-review-of-incorporating-biological-realism-when-predicting-changes-in-species-distributions
#13
Sydne Record, Angela Strecker, Mao-Ning Tuanmu, Lydia Beaudrot, Phoebe Zarnetske, Jonathan Belmaker, Beth Gerstner
BACKGROUND: There is ample evidence that biotic factors, such as biotic interactions and dispersal capacity, can affect species distributions and influence species' responses to climate change. However, little is known about how these factors affect predictions from species distribution models (SDMs) with respect to spatial grain and extent of the models. OBJECTIVES: Understanding how spatial scale influences the effects of biological processes in SDMs is important because SDMs are one of the primary tools used by conservation biologists to assess biodiversity impacts of climate change...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649506/clinical-performance-of-glass-ionomer-cement-and-composite-resin-in-class-ii-restorations-in-primary-teeth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Ana Giselle Aguiar Dias, Marcela Bara├║na Magno, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem, Robson Frederico Cunha, Lucianne Cople Maia, Juliano Pelim Pessan
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the clinical performance of glass ionomer cement (GIC) compared to composite resin (CR) in Class II restorations in primary teeth. DATA: Literature search according to PRISMA guidelines including randomized controlled trials comparing Class II restorations performed with GIC, compared to CR, in primary teeth. SOURCES: PubMeb, Scopus, Web of Science, VHL, Cochrane Library, Clinical Trials and OpenGrey, regardless of date or language...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648651/is-lean-sustainable-in-today-s-nhs-hospitals-a-systematic-literature-review-using-the-meta-narrative-and-integrative-methods
#15
Samuel Woodnutt
Purpose: Methodological variance and quality, heterogeneity of value and divergent approaches are reasons for the varied results of Lean interventions in healthcare despite ongoing global popularity. However, there is piecemeal evidence addressing the sustainability of initiatives-the aim of this review is to use an integrative approach to consider Lean's sustainability and the quality of available evidence in today's National Health Service (NHS). Data sources: A literature review of AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane, JBI, SCOPUS, DelphiS, MEDLINE, EMBASE, MIDIRS, Web of Science and PsycINFO electronic databases was conducted...
April 10, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644330/pregnancy-complications-in-infertile-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-updated-evidences
#16
Stefano Palomba, Angela Falbo, Jessica Daolio, Francesco A Battaglia, Giovanni B LA Sala
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common female disorder with a pathogenesis still today not completely known. To the present, PCOS is considered more than just a reproductive disorder since several metabolic consequences that could affect women's health during different stages of reproductive and post-reproductive life were reported. The aim of the current review was to evaluate present evidence-based data regarding the pregnancy complications in infertile patients with PCOS. An extensive literature search until February 2018 was performed in PubMed, Medline, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science...
April 11, 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629392/empowerment-of-women-and-mental-health-improvement-with-a-preventive-approach
#17
Shahin Shooshtari, M R Abedi, M Bahrami, Rahele Samouei
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Mental health and empowerment are two of the women's essential needs. These two related concepts play an important role in women's lives. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate empowerment of women and its relation with mental health problem prevention during difficult situations. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted through semi-structured interviews with 33 experts in the fields of psychology, social sciences, women studies, medicine and crisis management specialists using snowball sampling in cities of Tehran, Isfahan, Tabriz, and Mashhad during the year 1395 (March 2016-March 2017)...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629383/barriers-to-participation-in-medical-research-from-the-perspective-of-researchers
#18
Reza Safdari, Hamideh Ehtesham, Mehri Robiaty, Narges Ziaee
BACKGROUND: The first step toward organizing research activities is to obtain a correct perception of available capabilities. This study was conducted to investigate the researchers' views about barriers affecting research activities. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted using the census method. The population consisted of the faculty members of Birjand University of Medical Sciences in 2014. The research tool was a questionnaire in six areas of financial, facility, professional, scientific, personal, and organizational- managerial barriers...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629329/relationship-between-physicochemical-properties-of-saliva-and-dental-caries-and-periodontal-status-among-female-teachers-living-in-central-iran
#19
Amene Hosseini-Yekani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Mehrdad Vossoughi, Javad Zavvar Reza, Ali Golkari
Objectives: There are inconsistent data about the association between saliva properties, dental caries, and periodontal status. In this study, we tried to examine the association between dental caries and periodontal status with salivary viscosity, flow rate, pH, and buffering capacity in adults. Methods: In the present cross-sectional study, 450 female teachers were randomly selected from schools located in Yazd, Iran. Oral examinations were conducted, and unstimulated saliva samples were collected...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628960/relationship-of-social-cognitive-theory-concepts-to-dietary-habits-of-pregnant-women
#20
Nasrin Torkan, Ashraf Kazemi, Zamzam Paknahad, Parvin Bahadoran
Background: Nutrition during pregnancy is undoubtedly one of the most important factors affecting maternal health. In this regard, considering the cognitive-behavioral factors associated with feeding, behaviors will play an important role in the effectiveness of interventions. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the correlation between food habits and structures of social cognitive theory in pregnant women. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 192 pregnant women were randomly selected...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
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