keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Affective Science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471420/ethics-effectiveness-and-population-health-information-interventions-a-canadian-analysis
#1
Devon Greyson, Rod Knight, Jean A Shoveller
Population health information interventions (PHIIs) use information in efforts to promote health. PHIIs may push information to a target audience (communication), pull information from the public (surveillance), or combine both in a bidirectional intervention. Although PHIIs have often been framed as non-invasive and ethically innocuous, in reality they may be intrusive into people's lives, affecting not only their health but their senses of security, respect, and self-determination. Ethical acceptability of PHIIs may have impacts on intervention effectiveness, potentially giving rise to unintended consequences...
February 19, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471177/needs-of-students-seeking-careers-in-communication-sciences-and-disorders-and-barriers-to-their-success
#2
Akiko Fuse
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the needs for and barriers to success of underrepresented students in the Communication Sciences and Disorders field and to determine factors linked to student persistence and academic achievement. METHOD: An online survey was completed by 126 undergraduates pursuing graduate studies in Communication Sciences and Disorders. Data were subjected to Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis H tests. RESULTS: Survey responses indicated that financial matters exerted the most influence on students' preparation for and number of choices for graduate-school applications...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470115/older-adults-social-relationships-and-health-care-utilization-a-systematic-review
#3
Nicole K Valtorta, Danielle Collingridge Moore, Lynn Barron, Daniel Stow, Barbara Hanratty
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies in older people's social relationships (including loneliness, social isolation, and low social support) have been implicated as a cause of premature mortality and increased morbidity. Whether they affect service use is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether social relationships are associated with older adults' use of health services, independently of health-related needs. SEARCH METHODS: We searched 8 electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination) for data published between 1983 and 2016...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469675/lessons-from-the-past-some-histories-of-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency-before-its-discovery
#4
A Perciaccante, P Charlier, C Negri, A Coralli, O Appenzeller, R Bianucci
A1AT deficiency- a genetically inherited autosomal codominant disease with more than 120 identified alleles- was first identified by Laurell and Eriksson in 1963. The most common hereditary disorder in adults, A1AT causes an increased risk of developing pulmonary emphysema and liver disease. In A1AT patients, lung disease generally presents at a younger age than "usual" chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and it may be misdiagnosed as asthma. Because A1AT deficiency patients can show the same clinical features as non-deficient COPD (including increased evidence of bronchiectasis, frequent exacerbations, impaired health status and a degree of reversibility of airflow obstruction), the World Health Organization recommend to test every patient with a diagnosis of COPD or adult-onset asthma for A1AT deficiency...
February 2018: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469094/importance-of-investing-in-adolescence-from-a-developmental-science-perspective
#5
Ronald E Dahl, Nicholas B Allen, Linda Wilbrecht, Ahna Ballonoff Suleiman
This review summarizes the case for investing in adolescence as a period of rapid growth, learning, adaptation, and formational neurobiological development. Adolescence is a dynamic maturational period during which young lives can pivot rapidly-in both negative and positive directions. Scientific progress in understanding adolescent development provides actionable insights into windows of opportunity during which policies can have a positive impact on developmental trajectories relating to health, education, and social and economic success...
February 21, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468440/incidence-and-clinical-relevance-of-cage-subsidence-in-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Iris Noordhoek, Marvyn T Koning, Wilco C H Jacobs, Carmen L A Vleggeert-Lankamp
BACKGROUND: The placement of intervertebral cages in anterior cervical discectomy (ACDF) supposedly maintains foraminal height. The most commonly reported cage-related complication is subsidence, although it is unknown whether a correlation between subsidence and clinical outcome exists. AIM: To assess the incidence and relevance of subsidence. METHODS: Literature searches were performed in PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, COCHRANE, and CENTRAL...
February 21, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467699/when-project-commitment-leads-to-learning-from-failure-the-roles-of-perceived-shame-and-personal-control
#7
Wenzhou Wang, Bin Wang, Ke Yang, Chong Yang, Wenlong Yuan, Shanghao Song
Facing a remarkably changing world, researchers have gradually shifted emphasis from successful experiences to failures. In the current study, we build a model to explore the relationship between project commitment and learning from failure, and test how emotion (i.e., perceived shame after failure) and cognition (i.e., attribution for failure) affect this process. After randomly selecting 400 firms from the list of high-tech firms reported by the Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission, we use a two-wave investigation of the employees, and the final sample consists of 140 teams from 58 companies in the technology industry in mainland China...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467335/apolipoproteins-e-and-ciii-interact-to-regulate-hdl-metabolism-and-coronary-heart-disease-risk
#8
Allyson M Morton, Manja Koch, Carlos O Mendivil, Jeremy D Furtado, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Liyun Wang, Majken K Jensen, Frank M Sacks
BACKGROUND: Subspecies of HDL contain apolipoprotein E (apoE) and/or apoCIII. Both proteins have properties that could affect HDL metabolism. The relation between HDL metabolism and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) is not well understood. METHODS: Eighteen participants were given a bolus infusion of [D3]L-leucine to label endogenous proteins on HDL. HDL was separated into subspecies containing apoE and/or apoCIII and then into 4 sizes. Metabolic rates for apoA-I in HDL subspecies and sizes were determined by interactive modeling...
February 22, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462775/gait-analysis-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Matteo Zago, Chiarella Sforza, Daniela Rita Bonardi, Enrico Eugenio Guffanti, Manuela Galli
BACKGROUND: Gait instability is a major fall-risk factor in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Clinical gait analysis is a reliable tool to predict fall onsets. However, controversy still exists on gait impairments associated with COPD. RESEARCH QUESTION: Thus, the aims of this review were to evaluate the current understanding of spatiotemporal, kinematic and kinetic gait features in patients with COPD. METHODS: In line with PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature search was performed throughout Web of Science, PubMed Medline, Scopus, PEDro and Scielo databases...
February 13, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461435/types-of-faculty-incivility-as-viewed-by-students-in-bachelor-of-science-in-nursing-programs
#10
Heidi Kathleen Holtz, Susan M Rawl, Claire Draucker
BACKGROUND: Faculty incivility can negatively affect student learning outcomes and safe clinical performance, yet little is known about the types of faculty incivility experienced by students. AIM: The aim of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe common types of incidents of faculty incivility as reported by students enrolled in traditional bachelor of science in nursing programs. MEHTOD: Qualitative descriptive methods were used to analyze the narratives of 30 students who had experienced incidents of faculty incivility...
March 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461269/coronary-artery-abnormalities-as-the-cause-of-sudden-cardiac-death-a-20-year-review
#11
Bernard Pawlowicz, John Fernandes, Vidhya Nair
In this case series, we delve into the database of medicolegal cases of the Forensic Pathology Department at Hamilton Health Sciences in Hamilton Ontario from the last 20 years (1996-2017), and review cases of sudden cardiac death due to coronary artery abnormalities. We found 17 cases that fit the criteria, which gave us an incidence of 1.34 per 1000 cases. These cases were further audited for age, sex, type of coronary artery abnormality, symptoms before demise, circumstances of death, presence of significant atherosclerotic disease, and toxicology...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460678/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-cigarette-smoke-exposure-and-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#12
Dallin N Christensen, Zechariah G Franks, Hilary C McCrary, Ahlam A Saleh, And Eugene H Chang
Objectives Cigarette smoking and passive smoke exposure have been associated with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Our goal in this systematic review was to (1) determine if there was a strong correlative effect in large population studies between cigarette smoke exposure and the prevalence of CRS, (2) investigate pathogenic mechanisms of cigarette smoke in the upper airway, and (3) determine if a history of cigarette smoking affects the medical and surgical outcomes of CRS. Data Sources MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane CENTRAL, Web of Science SCI and CPCI-S, and websites...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459160/antimicrobial-activity-cytotoxicity-and-dna-binding-studies-of-carbon-dots
#13
Mariadoss Asha Jhonsi, Devanesan Arul Ananth, Gayathri Nambirajan, Thilagar Sivasudha, Rekha Yamini, Soumen Bera, Arunkumar Kathiravan
In recent years, quantum dots (QDs) are one of the most promising nanomaterials in life sciences community due to their unexploited potential in biomedical applications; particularly in bio-labeling and sensing. In the advanced nanomaterials, carbon dots (CDs) have shown promise in next generation bioimaging and drug delivery studies. Therefore the knowledge of the exact nature of interaction with biomolecules is of great interest to designing better biosensors. In this study, the interaction between CDs derived from tamarind and calf thymus DNA (ct-DNA) has been studied by vital spectroscopic techniques, which revealed that the CDs could interact with DNA via intercalation...
February 8, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457175/tetrabenzo-chichibabin-s-hydrocarbons-substituent-effects-and-unusual-thermochromic-and-thermomagnetic-behaviours
#14
Chuanling Jiang, Yawen Bang, Xinhao Wang, Xuefeng Lu, Zhenglong Lim, Haipeng Wei, Samir El-Hankari, Jishan Wu, Zebing Zeng
Open-shell π-conjugated compounds have recently received intense attention due to their unique properties and promising applications in materials science. However, the experiments on how the substituents affect their chemical bonding and structural motif remain less addressed. In this work, a series of tetrabenzo-Chichibabin's hydrocarbon (TBC) derivatives substituted by different electron-donating or -withdrawing groups at the termini were synthesized. The substituent effect was studied via X-ray crystallographic analysis...
February 19, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453548/-big-data-from-clinical-routine
#15
REVIEW
U Mansmann
BACKGROUND: Over the past 100 years, evidence-based medicine has undergone several fundamental changes. Through the field of physiology, medical doctors were introduced to the natural sciences. Since the late 1940s, randomized and epidemiological studies have come to provide the evidence for medical practice, which led to the emergence of clinical epidemiology as a new field in the medical sciences. Within the past few years, big data has become the driving force behind the vision for having a comprehensive set of health-related data which tracks individual healthcare histories and consequently that of large populations...
February 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453535/toxicity-of-metal-oxide-nanoparticles
#16
Koyeli Girigoswami
In the recent times, nanomaterials are used in many sectors of science, medicine and industry, without revealing its toxic effects. Thus, it is in urgent need for exploring the toxicity along with the application of such useful nanomaterials. Nanomaterials are categorized with a particle size of 1-100 nm. They have gained increasing attention because of their novel properties, including a large specific surface area and high reaction activity. The various fundamental and practical applications of nanomaterials include drug delivery, cell imaging, and cancer therapy...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453009/advances-in-concrete-materials-for-sewer-systems-affected-by-microbial-induced-concrete-corrosion-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Cyrill Grengg, Florian Mittermayr, Neven Ukrainczyk, Günther Koraimann, Sabine Kienesberger, Martin Dietzel
Microbial induced concrete corrosion (MICC) is recognized as one of the main degradation mechanisms of subsurface infrastructure worldwide, raising the demand for sustainable construction materials in corrosive environments. This review aims to summarize the key research progress acquired during the last decade regarding the understanding of MICC reaction mechanisms and the development of durable materials from an interdisciplinary perspective. Special focus was laid on aspects governing concrete - micoorganisms interaction since being the central process steering biogenic acid corrosion...
February 6, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452784/abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-sex-differences
#18
REVIEW
Christina Villard, Rebecka Hultgren
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) predominantly affects an elderly male population. Even so, AAA appears more detrimental in women, who experience a higher risk of aneurysm rupture and a worse outcome after surgery than men. Why women are privileged from yet are worse off once affected has been attributed to an effect of sex hormones. This review summarizes the knowledge of sex differences in AAA and addresses the changes in the aneurysm wall from a gender perspective. METHOD: Standard reporting guidelines set by the PRISMA Group were followed to identify studies examining AAA from a gender perspective...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452353/a-diagnostic-germ-cell-score-for-immature-testicular-tissue-at-risk-of-germ-cell-loss
#19
L Heckmann, D Langenstroth-Röwer, T Pock, J Wistuba, J-B Stukenborg, M Zitzmann, S Kliesch, S Schlatt, N Neuhaus
STUDY QUESTION: Can a systematic scoring procedure provide crucial information on the status of highly heterogeneous immature human testicular tissues in the context of cryopreservation for fertility preservation? SUMMARY ANSWER: We developed a systematic histological score as a novel diagnostic tool which differentiates the patient cohort according to the status of germ cell differentiation and number of spermatogonia (normal, diminished and absent), and which could be relevant in the fertility clinic...
February 14, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452348/non-invasive-screening-for-coronary-artery-disease-in-asymptomatic-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#20
Olivier F Clerc, Tobias A Fuchs, Julia Stehli, Dominik C Benz, Christoph Gräni, Michael Messerli, Andreas A Giannopoulos, Ronny R Buechel, Thomas F Lüscher, Aju P Pazhenkottil, Philipp A Kaufmann, Oliver Gaemperli
It is unclear whether non-invasive screening of asymptomatic diabetic patients for coronary artery disease (CAD) may improve cardiac outcomes. Thus, we performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCT's) on this topic. We searched appropriate RCT's in five online databases (PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science) from January 2000 to November 2017 and in 41 recent reviews. Two investigators independently extracted and assessed study data using standardised forms...
February 14, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
keyword
keyword
81228
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"