keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Affective Science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909553/increasing-quality-of-life-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-is-there-a-role-for-nutrition
#1
REVIEW
Paulien Vinke, Suzanne M Jansen, Renger F Witkamp, Klaske van Norren
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease primarily affecting the pulmonary vasculature and heart. PAH patients suffer from exercise intolerance and fatigue, negatively affecting their quality of life. This review summarizes current insights in the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying PAH. It zooms in on the potential involvement of nutritional status and micronutrient deficiencies on PAH exercise intolerance and fatigue, also summarizing the potential benefits of exercise and nutritional interventions...
June 16, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908027/factors-affecting-empathetic-patient-care-behaviour-among-medical-doctors-and-nurses-an-integrative-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Muntaha Elayyan, Janet Rankin, M W Chaarani
Background: Healthcare professionals' empathic behaviour is an important component of quality health care. Patients' reports suggest that empathy is often lacking. Specific factors that may facilitate or inhibit empathetic behaviour have not been extensively examined. In Qatar, empathy may be affected by a completely multicultural, multilinguistic setting where healthcare professionals and patients interact. Aim: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to provide the latest evidence on factors that influence the demonstration of empathetic behaviour of nurses and physicians toward patients and to draw general conclusions that increase understanding...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907916/the-effects-of-melatonin-supplementation-on-inflammatory-markers-among-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-or-related-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Maryam Akbari, Vahidreza Ostadmohammadi, Reza Tabrizi, Kamran B Lankarani, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Elaheh Amirani, Russel J Reiter, Zatollah Asemi
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was carried out to determine the effect of melatonin supplementation on the inflammatory markers among individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and related disorders. METHODS: We searched the following databases up to March 2018: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Three reviewers independently assessed study eligibility, extracted data, and evaluated risk of bias of included primary studies...
June 15, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906710/a-meta-analysis-of-cytokine-concentrations-in-eating-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Bethan Dalton, Savani Bartholdy, Lauren Robinson, Marco Solmi, Mohammad A A Ibrahim, Gerome Breen, Ulrike Schmidt, Hubertus Himmerich
Cytokines are signalling molecules, which play an important role in both immune system function and brain development and function, and subsequently mental states and behaviour. Cytokines have been implicated in eating disorders (EDs) due to their role in psychological health, body weight and appetite regulation. This meta-analysis examined cross-sectional and longitudinal studies measuring concentrations of cytokines in individuals with EDs. Using PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed relevant articles in PubMed, Web of Science, and MEDLINE...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902127/the-influence-of-fatigue-on-decision-making-in-athletes-a-systematic-review
#5
Thomas Gus Almonroeder, Sarah Marie Tighe, Taylor Matthew Miller, Christopher Ray Lanning
A potential challenge associated with sports is that athletes must often perform the cognitive processing associated with decision-making (i.e., movement selection) when fatigued. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarise studies that have analysed the extent to which fatigue influences the effects of decision-making on lower extremity mechanics during execution of common sports manoeuvres. We specifically focused on mechanics associated with ACL injury risk. Reviewers searched the PubMed, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL and Web of Science databases...
June 14, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901611/acupuncture-for-ophthalmoplegia-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#6
Meiqi Ji, Yali Qin, Yingxin Zi, Rui Wang, Huan Meng, Zongchun Yang, Qi Zhao, Ming Jin
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmoplegia is a disease that affects many people every year and is caused by reasons, such as cavernous sinus lesion, intracranial aneurysm, diabetes, and trauma. Acupuncture has been widely used to treat ophthalmological diseases especially ophthalmoplegia in China. Many clinical trials indicate that acupuncture may promote the recovery of extraocular muscles in ophthalmoplegia patients. We aim to conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for ophthalmoplegia...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900457/adsorption-of-organic-ligands-on-low-surface-charge-clay-minerals-the-composition-in-the-aqueous-interface-region
#7
S Jelavić, S L S Stipp, N Bovet
An understanding of the mechanisms that control the adsorption of organic molecules on clay minerals is of interest in several branches of science and industry. Oil production using low salinity injection fluids can increase yields by as much as 40% over standard injection with seawater or formation water. The mechanism responsible for the low salinity response is still debated, but one hypothesis is a change in pore surface wettability. Organic contamination in soil and drinking water aquifers is a challenge for municipal water suppliers and for agriculture...
June 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900143/long-chain-n-3-fatty-acids-improve-depression-syndrome-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Maryam Mazaherioun, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Fariba Koohdani, Mahnaz Zarei, Samaneh Ansari, Fatemeh Khoshkhoo Bazargani, Mahmoud Djalali
Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is commonly associated with depressive symptoms, which affect prognosis and quality of life. We investigated the antidepressant effects of n-3 fatty acids (n-3FAs) monotherapy (without conventional antidepressants) for T2DM patients with mild to moderate depressive symptoms. Methods: A 10-wk, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-group (1:1 ratio) randomized trial of n-3FAs (2700 mg/day EPA: DHA ratio=2) versus placebo in 88 Iranian diabetic patients with mild to moderate depression based on Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II-PERSIAN) was conducted...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899171/novel-approaches-for-the-treatment-of-familial-hypercholesterolemia-current-status-and-future-challenges
#9
Long Jiang, Lu-Ya Wang, Xiao-Shu Cheng
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal-dominant disorder that is characterized by high plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) levels and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Despite the use of high-dose statins and the recent addition of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors as a treatment option, many patients with homozygous FH fail to achieve optimal reductions of LDL-c levels. Gene therapy has become one of the most promising research directions for contemporary life sciences and is a potential treatment option for FH...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898757/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-after-burn-injuries-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Inge Spronk, Catherine M Legemate, Jan Dokter, Nancy E E van Loey, Margriet E van Baar, Suzanne Polinder
BACKGROUND: Identifying predictors of health-related quality of life (HRQL) following burns is essential for optimization of rehabilitation for burn survivors. This study aimed to systematically review predictors of HRQL in burn patients. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane, CINAHL, and Google Scholar were reviewed from inception to October 2016 for studies that investigated at least one predictor of HRQL after burns. The Quality in Prognostic Studies tool was used to assess risk of bias of included studies...
June 14, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898121/science-communication-podcasting-in-brazil-the-potential-and-challenges-depicted-by-two-podcasts
#11
Marcos V Dantas-Queiroz, Lia C P Wentzel, Luciano L Queiroz
Podcasts - online distributed audio files - are easy access and production media, which can be used for Scientific Communication (SC) but few are presented in Portuguese. The objective of this work is to perform a case study with data from a survey for two Brazilian SC podcasts (Dragões de Garagem and Fronteiras da Ciência) to evaluate the increase of science podcast media in Brazil, the involved potential, their advantages, shortcomings, and perspectives. We noted an increase of listeners over the years, probably due to the internet popularization and the massive increase of mobile phones...
April 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896698/behavioral-teratogenesis-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#12
Monalisa Mishra, Bedanta Kumar Barik
Developmental biology is a fascinating branch of science which helps us to understand the mechanism of development, thus the findings are used in various therapeutic approach. Drosophila melanogaster served as a model to find the key molecules that initiate and regulate the mechanism of development. Various genes, transcription factors, and signaling pathways helping in development are identified in Drosophila. Many toxic compounds, which can affect the development, are also recognized using Drosophila model...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896277/-mlh1-promoter-methylation-and-prediction-prognosis-of-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-and-bioinformatic-analysis
#13
Shixuan Shen, Xiaohui Chen, Hao Li, Liping Sun, Yuan Yuan
Background: The promoter methylation of MLH1 gene and gastric cancer (GC)has been investigated previously. To get a more credible conclusion, we performed a systematic review and meta and bioinformatic analysis to clarify the role of MLH1 methylation in the prediction and prognosis of GC. Methods: Eligible studies were targeted after searching the PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, BIOSIS, CNKI and Wanfang Data to collect the information of MLH1 methylation and GC. The link strength between the two was estimated by odds ratio with its 95% confidence interval...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895879/does-trans-spinal-direct-current-stimulation-modulate-the-hoffmann-reflexes-of-healthy-individuals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysisc
#14
REVIEW
Plínio Luna Albuquerque, Thyciane Mendonça, Mayara Campêlo, Lívia Shirahige, Kátia Monte-Silva
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVES: To summarize the available evidence regarding the effects of trans-spinal direct current stimulation (tsDCS) on spinal monosynaptic circuit excitability in healthy individuals. SETTING: Applied Neuroscience Laboratory, Brazil. METHODS: Abstract screening was performed independently by two authors for studies found in the following databases: PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and LILACS...
June 12, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895737/brain-connectivity-networks-and-the-aesthetic-experience-of-music
#15
REVIEW
Mark Reybrouck, Peter Vuust, Elvira Brattico
Listening to music is above all a human experience, which becomes an aesthetic experience when an individual immerses himself/herself in the music, dedicating attention to perceptual-cognitive-affective interpretation and evaluation. The study of these processes where the individual perceives, understands, enjoys and evaluates a set of auditory stimuli has mainly been focused on the effect of music on specific brain structures, as measured with neurophysiology and neuroimaging techniques. The very recent application of network science algorithms to brain research allows an insight into the functional connectivity between brain regions...
June 12, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894508/upper-thermal-limits-differ-among-and-within-component-species-in-a-tritrophic-host-parasitoid-hyperparasitoid-system
#16
Salvatore J Agosta, Kanchan A Joshi, Karen M Kester
Understanding how climate change affects host-parasite systems and predicting the consequences for ecosystems, economies, and human health has emerged as an important task for science and society. Some basic insight into this complex problem can be gained by comparing the thermal physiology of interacting host and parasite species. In this study, we compared upper thermal tolerance among three component species in a natural host-parasitoid-hyperparasitoid system from Virginia, USA. To assess the ecological relevance of our results, we also examined a record of maximum daily air temperatures collected near the study site in the last 124 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889966/dietary-supplements-for-musculoskeletal-pain-science-versus-claims
#17
Cindy Crawford, Leila Saldanha, Rebecca Costello, Patricia A Deuster
Special Operations Forces (SOF) face unique challenges that manifest themselves both mentally and physically. The extremes of training and combat can affect the readiness to perform at peak levels, especially when confronted with musculoskeletal pain. Many SOF Operators turn to dietary supplements in hopes of gaining an edge. Although some supplements are now being marketed for pain, decisions to use these products need to be driven by information that is evidence based. We describe SOF-specific evidence-based recommendations for the use of dietary ingredients for pain that emerged from a rigorous scientific evaluation...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888310/network-based-approaches-to-examining-stress-in-the-adolescent-brain
#18
REVIEW
Tiffany C Ho, Emily L Dennis, Paul M Thompson, Ian H Gotlib
Exposure to stress, particularly in periods of rapid brain maturation such as adolescence, can profoundly influence developmental processes that undergird the organization of structural and functional brain networks and that may mediate the association between stressful experiences and maladaptive outcomes. While studies in translational developmental neuroscience often focus on how specific brain regions or targeted connections are altered by stress and psychiatric disease, the emerging field of network science may be especially valuable for elucidating the impact of stress on the intricate connectomics of the adolescent brain...
February 2018: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886056/grammatical-licensing-and-relative-clause-parsing-in-a-flexible-word-order-language
#19
Matthew W Wagers, Manuel F Borja, Sandra Chung
Evidence from two experiments reveals that in Chamorro, a verb-first language, the comprehension of relative clauses (RCs) is sensitive to the order of the RC with respect to the head. Unlike most other languages, Chamorro allows both postnominal and prenominal RCs, so it is possible to compare how the two types are processed within the same language. Moreover, Chamorro is a small language whose speakers do not fit the typical profile of participants in cognitive science experiments. We found that RC comprehension is affected by the relative order of RC and head, and by other language-specific factors...
June 7, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884549/the-genomic-effects-of-cell-phone-exposure-on-the-reproductive-system
#20
Ahmad Yahyazadeh, Ömür Gülsüm Deniz, Arife Ahsen Kaplan, Gamze Altun, Kıymet Kübra Yurt, Devra Davis
Humans are exposed to increasing levels of electromagnetic fields (EMF) at various frequencies as technology advances. In this context, improving understanding of the biological effects of EMF remains an important, high priority issue. Although a number of studies in this issue and elsewhere have focused on the mechanisms of the oxidative stress caused by EMF, the precise understanding of the processes involved remains to be elucidated. Due to unclear results among the studies, the issue of EMF exposure in the literature should be evaluated at the genomic level on the reproductive system...
May 25, 2018: Environmental Research
keyword
keyword
81228
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"