keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CS protein

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330058/haptoglobin-and-serum-amyloid-a-as-putative-biomarker-candidates-of-naturally-occurring-bovine-respiratory-disease-in-dairy-calves
#1
Vivek Joshi, V K Gupta, A G Bhanuprakash, R S K Mandal, U Dimri, Y Ajith
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in dairy calves. Identification of reliable biomarkers of naturally occurring BRD is essential for ensuring early diagnosis and treatment of calves and monitoring treatment efficacy. This need is punctuated, especially in mild to moderate cases that would greatly help to decrease recurrence and the overall prevalence of BRD. The present study was conducted to investigate the changes in serum concentrations of haptoglobin (Hpt) and serum amyloid A (SAA) and association between oxidative stress and acute phase proteins (APPs) in BRD...
January 9, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329834/heterospectral-two-dimensional-correlation-analysis-with-near-infrared-hyperspectral-imaging-for-monitoring-oxidative-damage-of-pork-myofibrils-during-frozen-storage
#2
Weiwei Cheng, Da-Wen Sun, Hongbin Pu, Qingyi Wei
Near-infrared (NIR) spectra contain abundant data, heterospectral two-dimensional correlation (H2D-CS) analysis offers a good way to interpret these data. For the first time, H2D-CS was used to correlate the NIR hyperspectral imaging (HSI) data with mid-infrared spectra and to identify feature-related wavebands for developing models for monitoring the oxidative damage of pork myofibrils during frozen storage. The HSI images were acquired at frozen state without thawing and the oxidative damage of myofibrils was assessed by carbonyl content...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313523/controlled-release-of-fgf-2-and-bmp-2-in-tissue-engineered-periosteum-promotes-bone-repair-in-rats
#3
Jie Yin, Sujun Qiu, Benchao Shi, Xiaolong Xu, Yunfei Zhao, Junhuai Gao, Shengli Zhao, Shaoxiong Min
The aim of this study was to prepare chitosan-collagen (CS/COL) scaffolds that could release fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), and to study the effect of this scaffold on bone repair. By improving the double emulsion/solvent evaporation technique, BMP-2 was encapsulated in poly(lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic acid) (PELA) microcapsules, to the surface of which FGF-2 was attached. The CS/COL scaffold carrying the microcapsules was prepared by freeze-drying...
January 9, 2018: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310785/isolation-and-functional-analysis-of-syndecans
#4
Pyong Woo Park
Syndecans comprise a major family of cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs). Syndecans are composed of sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), heparan sulfate (HS) or both HS and chondroitin sulfate (CS), attached covalently to core proteins. Syndecans regulate many cellular processes, such as adhesion, proliferation, and migration. Syndecans bind and regulate molecules primarily through their HS chains, but do not bind to all HS/heparin-binding molecules. Furthermore, mice ablated for the syndecan-1 or -4 gene do not show major developmental abnormalities, but they do show striking pathological phenotypes when challenged with infectious or inflammatory stimuli and conditions, suggesting that certain functions of syndecans are specific and cannot be compensated for by other syndecans or other HSPGs...
2018: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305302/actual-state-of-knowledge-in-the-field-of-diseases-related-with-defective-nucleotide-excision-repair
#5
REVIEW
Barbara Bukowska, Bolesław T Karwowski
Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), trichothiodystrophy (TTD) and Cockayne syndrome (CS) are rare genetic diseases characterized by a large range of clinical symptoms. However, they are all associated with defects in nucleotide excision repair (NER), the system responsible for removing bulky DNA lesions such as those generated by UV light: cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) and pyrimidine-pyrimidone photoproducts (6-4 PPs). Over the past years, detailed structural and biochemical information on NER-associated proteins has emerged...
January 2, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302209/histone-deacetylase-inhibition-attenuates-hepatic-steatosis-in-rats-with-experimental-cushing-s-syndrome
#6
Mina Kim, Hae-Ahm Lee, Hyun-Min Cho, Seol-Hee Kang, Eunjo Lee, In Kyeom Kim
Cushing's syndrome (CS) is a collection of symptoms caused by prolonged exposure to excess cortisol. Chronically elevated glucocorticoid (GC) levels contribute to hepatic steatosis. We hypothesized that histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) could attenuate hepatic steatosis through glucocorticoid receptor (GR) acetylation in experimental CS. To induce CS, we administered adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH; 40 ng/kg/day) to Sprague-Dawley rats by subcutaneous infusion with osmotic mini-pumps. We administered the HDACi, sodium valproate (VPA; 0...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301259/sphingolipids-in-ventilator-induced-lung-injury-role-of-sphingosine-1-phosphate-lyase
#7
Vidyani Suryadevara, Panfeng Fu, David Lenin Ebenezer, Evgeny Berdyshev, Irina A Bronova, Long Shuang Huang, Anantha Harijith, Viswanathan Natarajan
Mechanical ventilation (MV) performed in respiratory failure patients to maintain lung function leads to ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). This study investigates the role of sphingolipids and sphingolipid metabolizing enzymes in VILI using a rodent model of VILI and alveolar epithelial cells subjected to cyclic stretch (CS). MV (0 PEEP (Positive End Expiratory Pressure), 30 mL/kg, 4 h) in mice enhanced sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase (S1PL) expression, and ceramide levels, and decreased S1P levels in lung tissue, thereby leading to lung inflammation, injury and apoptosis...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297283/r3d-blast2-an-improved-search-tool-for-similar-rna-3d-substructures
#8
Ching-Yu Yen, Jian-Cheng Lin, Kun-Tze Chen, Chin Lung Lu
BACKGROUND: RNA molecules have been known to play a variety of significant roles in cells. In principle, the functions of RNAs are largely determined by their three-dimensional (3D) structures. As more and more RNA 3D structures are available in the Protein Data Bank (PDB), a bioinformatics tool, which is able to rapidly and accurately search the PDB database for similar RNA 3D structures or substructures, is helpful to understand the structural and functional relationships of RNAs. RESULTS: Since its first release in 2011, R3D-BLAST has become a useful tool for searching the PDB database for similar RNA 3D structures and substructures...
December 28, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296215/cell-surface-grp78-promotes-tumor-cell-histone-acetylation-through-metabolic-reprogramming-a-mechanism-which-modulates-the-warburg-effect
#9
Udhayakumar Gopal, Salvatore V Pizzo
Acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) is essential for histone acetylation, to promote cell proliferation by regulating gene expression. However, the underlying mechanism(s) governing acetylation remains poorly understood. Activated α2-Macroglobulin (α2M*) signals through tumor Cell Surface GRP78 (CS-GRP78) to regulate tumor cell proliferation through multiple signaling pathway. Here, we demonstrate that the α2M*/CS-GRP78 axis regulates acetyl-CoA synthesis and thus functions as an epigenetic modulator by enhancing histone acetylation in cancer cells...
December 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295714/fdetect-webserver-fast-predictor-of-propensity-for-protein-production-purification-and-crystallization
#10
Fanchi Meng, Chen Wang, Lukasz Kurgan
BACKGROUND: Development of predictors of propensity of protein sequences for successful crystallization has been actively pursued for over a decade. A few novel methods that expanded the scope of these predictions to address additional steps of protein production and structure determination pipelines were released in recent years. The predictive performance of the current methods is modest. This is because the only input that they use is the protein sequence and since the experimental annotations of these data might be inconsistent given that they were collected across many laboratories and centers...
January 3, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289575/glycopyrronium-bromide-inhibits-lung-inflammation-and-small-airway-remodeling-induced-by-subchronic-cigarette-smoke-exposure-in-mice
#11
Yi-Han Hsiao, Ching-Min Tseng, Kang-Cheng Su, Wen-Chian Chen, Mo-Tzu Wu, Yu-Chung Wu, Shi-Chuan Chang, Yu-Chin Lee, Yu Ru Kou, Diahn-Warng Perng
The effects of long-acting muscarinic receptor antagonists (LAMAs) have not been evaluated in a model with simultaneous lung inflammation and small airway remodeling induced by cigarette smoke (CS). We exposed the mice to CS for four weeks with daily treatment with a LAMA (glycopyrronium bromide, NVA237) or its vehicle. Human bronchial epithelial cells (PBECs) and lung fibroblasts were exposed to CS extract (CSE) or acetylcholine with or without NVA237 treatment. We found that NVA237, but not its vehicle, suppressed elevations in inflammatory score, epithelial thickness, and peribronchial collagen deposition in CS-exposed mice...
December 28, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282550/bioactive-calcium-silicate-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-composite-scaffolds-3d-printed-under-mild-conditions-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#12
Yen-Hong Lin, Yung-Cheng Chiu, Yu-Fang Shen, Yuan-Haw Andrew Wu, Ming-You Shie
The present study provides a solvent-free processing method for establishing the ideal porous 3-dimension (3D) scaffold filled with different ratios of calcium silicate-based (CS) powder and polycaprolactone (PCL) for 3D bone substitute application. Characterization of hybrid scaffolds developed underwent assessments for physicochemical properties and biodegradation. Adhesion and growth of human Wharton's Jelly mesenchymal stem cells (WJMSCs) on the CS/PCL blended scaffold were investigated in vitro. Cell attachment and morphology were examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and confocal microscope observations...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282361/influence-of-bcl2l11-polymorphism-on-osteonecrosis-during-treatment-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#13
Maria Plesa, Vincent Gagné, Sanja Glisovic, Melissa Younan, Bahram Sharif-Askari, Caroline Laverdière, Nathalie Alos, Jean-Marie Leclerc, Stephen E Sallan, Donna Neuberg, Jeffery L Kutok, Lewis B Silverman, Daniel Sinnett, Maja Krajinovic
Osteonecrosis (ON) is corticosteroid-related complication, reported in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We have previously found that polymorphisms in BCL2L11 gene coding for pro-apoptotic Bim protein influence reduction of overall survival (OS) in a corticosteroid (CS) dose-dependent manner in childhood ALL patients. The same set of SNPs was here investigated for an association with CS-related ON assessed retrospectively in 304 children with ALL from Quebec (QcALL cohort) who received Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) ALL treatment protocols...
December 27, 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281622/high-resolution-global-peptide-protein-docking-using-fragments-based-piper-flexpepdock
#14
Nawsad Alam, Oriel Goldstein, Bing Xia, Kathryn A Porter, Dima Kozakov, Ora Schueler-Furman
Peptide-protein interactions contribute a significant fraction of the protein-protein interactome. Accurate modeling of these interactions is challenging due to the vast conformational space associated with interactions of highly flexible peptides with large receptor surfaces. To address this challenge we developed a fragment based high-resolution peptide-protein docking protocol. By streamlining the Rosetta fragment picker for accurate peptide fragment ensemble generation, the PIPER docking algorithm for exhaustive fragment-receptor rigid-body docking and Rosetta FlexPepDock for flexible full-atom refinement of PIPER docked models, we successfully addressed the challenge of accurate and efficient global peptide-protein docking at high-resolution with remarkable accuracy, as validated on a small but representative set of peptide-protein complex structures well resolved by X-ray crystallography...
December 27, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280079/photobiomodulation-increases-mitochondrial-citrate-synthase-activity-in-rats-submitted-to-aerobic-training
#15
Wouber Hérickson de Brito Vieira, Cleber Ferraresi, Maria Luiza Barcellos Schwantes, Sérgio Eduardo de Andrade Perez, Vilmar Baldissera, Mikhail Santos Cerqueira, Nivaldo Antonio Parizotto
This study investigated the effects of photobiomodulation by low-laser laser therapy (LLLT) on the activities of citrate synthase (CS) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and the anaerobic threshold (AT) in rats submitted to treadmill exercise. Fifty-four rats were allocated into four groups: rest control (RCG), rest laser (RLG), exercise control (ECG), and exercise laser (ELG). The infrared LLLT was applied daily on the quadriceps, gluteus maximum, soleus, and tibialis anterior muscles. Muscle samples (soleus, tibialis anterior, and cardiac muscles) were removed 48 h after the last exercise session for spectrophotometric analysis of the CS and LDH...
December 26, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279118/in-situ-controlled-release-of-stromal-cell-derived-factor-1%C3%AE-and-antimir-138-for-on-demand-cranial-bone-regeneration
#16
Guangsheng Wu, Chao Feng, Jingjing Quan, Zhongshan Wang, Wei Wei, Shengqi Zang, Shuai Kang, Guangyan Hui, Xiguang Chen, Qintao Wang
Bone regeneration involves complex physiological processes, which is generally regulated and controlled by multiple bioactive molecules. In situ controlled release of combined bioactive factors in a spatiotemporal sequence for adapting the demand of bone regeneration is a desired strategy. In this study, nanoparticle/hydrogel composite system was constructed by incorporating stromal cell derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) and chitosan/tripolyphosphate/hyaluronic acid/antimiRNA-138 nanoparticles (CTH/antimiR-138 NPs) in chitosan/β-sodium glycerol phosphate (CS/GP) hydrogel for rat critical-size calvarial bone regeneration...
February 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274431/trajectory-of-inflammatory-and-microglial-activation-markers-in-the-postnatal-rabbit-brain-following-intrauterine-endotoxin-exposure
#17
Zhi Zhang, Amar Jyoti, Bindu Balakrishnan, Monica Williams, Sarabdeep Singh, Diane C Chugani, Sujatha Kannan
BACKGROUND: Maternal infection is a risk factor for periventricular leukomalacia and cerebral palsy (CP) in neonates. We have previously demonstrated hypomyelination and motor deficits in newborn rabbits, as seen in patients with cerebral palsy, following maternal intrauterine endotoxin administration. This was associated with increased microglial activation, primarily involving the periventricular region (PVR). In this study we hypothesized that maternal intrauterine inflammation leads to a pro-inflammatory environment in the PVR that is associated with microglial activation in the first 2 postnatal weeks...
December 20, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251441/monitoring-of-the-conformational-space-of-dipeptides-by-generative-topographic-mapping
#18
Dragos Horvath, Gilles Marcou, Alexandre Varnek
This work describes a procedure to build generative topographic maps (GTM) as 2D representation of the conformational space (CS) of dipeptides. GTMs with excellent propensities to support highly predictive landscapes of various conformational properties were reported for three dipeptides (AA, KE and KR). CS monitoring via GTMproceeds through the projection of conformer ensembles on the map, producing cumulated responsibility (CR) vectors characteristic of the CS areas covered by the ensemble. Overlap of the CS areas visited by two distinct simulations can be expressed by the Tanimoto coefficient Tc of the associated CRs...
December 18, 2017: Molecular Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249946/moderate-partially-reduplicated-conditioned-stimuli-as-retrieval-cue-can-increase-effect-on-preventing-relapse-of-fear-to-compound-stimuli
#19
Junjiao Li, Wei Chen, Jingwen Caoyang, Wenli Wu, Jing Jie, Liang Xu, Xifu Zheng
The theory of memory reconsolidation argues that consolidated memory is not unchangeable. Once a memory is reactivated it may go back into an unstable state and need new protein synthesis to be consolidated again, which is called "memory reconsolidation". Boundary studies have shown that interfering with reconsolidation through pharmacologic or behavioral intervention can lead to the updating of the initial memory, for example, erasing undesired memories. Behavioral procedures based on memory reconsolidation interference have been shown to be an effective way to inhibit fear memory relapse after extinction...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248164/deficiency-of-receptor-interacting-protein-kinase-3-ripk3-attenuates-inflammation-and-organ-injury-in-neonatal-sepsis
#20
Laura W Hansen, Asha Jacob, Weng Lang Yang, Alexandra C Bolognese, Jose Prince, Jeffrey M Nicastro, Gene F Coppa, Ping Wang
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is the third leading cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates. Sepsis in neonates is characterized as the systemic inflammation owing to infection within the first 28days after birth. The molecular mechanism causing the exaggerated inflammation phenotype in neonates has not been completely elucidated. Receptor interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3) is a protein identified as a mediator in programmed necrosis or necroptosis. We hypothesize that RIPK3 could be responsible for the inflammatory response in neonates and that deficiency in the RIPK3 protein attenuates inflammation and organ injury in neonatal sepsis...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
keyword
keyword
81225
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"