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A L Bondarenko, V N Ustiuzhaninov, N P Vozhegova, G A Strazhnikova
The investigation has revealed that mixed hepatitis A + B is a genetically determined disease. HLA-A10, B21, Cw2, Cw5, A10-A19, B8-B13, B21-B35, A3-B21, and A9-B21 are immunogenetic markers of this disease. The carriers of HLA-B21, Cw5, A3-B21, and A9-B21 and those of HLA-A10, A10-A19, and A10-B14 are at high risk for this infection among men and women, respectively. The findings of the distribution of HLA antigens and their combinations in mixed infection with hepatitis A and B viruses allow prediction of its occurrence (including the consideration of examinees' gender) which will assist in solving the matter of timely prophylaxis of this pathology...
April 2009: Klinicheskaia Laboratornaia Diagnostika
Mohammad Taghi Haghi Ashtiani, Ali Rabbani, Fereidoun Mostafavi, Maryam Monajemzadeh, Fahimeh Ranjbar Kermani, Jila Soltaninia
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of potentially life-threatening disorders, most often caused by deficiency of steroid 21-hydroxylase. Children with ambiguous genitalia, hermaphroditism, or signs and symptoms of CAH admitted to Children's Medical Center were enrolled in the survey, and 101 patients were found. Karyotyping, clinical examination, and paraclinical tests were done. HLA typing was done in patients with proven classical CAH and their parents. HLA antigens were typed in children with CAH-type 21-hydroxylase deficiency...
December 2008: Biochemical Genetics
Marion Subklewe, René Marquis, Sylvain Choquet, Veronique Leblond, Jeanne-Luce Garnier, Roland Hetzer, Lode J Swinnen, Stephan Oertel, Matthias Papp-Vary, Eva Gonzalez-Barca, Bouke G Hepkema, Constanze Schoenemann, Juergen May, Antonio Pezzutto, Hanno Riess
BACKGROUND: Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) after solid organ transplantation (SOT) is commonly characterized by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-driven proliferation of recipient B cells due to impaired immune surveillance in the context of immunosuppression. Because EBV-specific T-cell responses are focused on the level of EBV antigen and epitope choice depending on the individual human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles, we hypothesized that certain HLA alleles or a distinct HLA haplotype may influence the risk of development of PTLD after SOT...
October 27, 2006: Transplantation
F Mrazek, I Fae, Z Ambruzova, L Raida, E Kriegova, K Indrak, G F Fischer, M Petrek
A novel HLA-B (human leukocyte antigen-B) allele, HLA-B*4442, was identified both in a Czech patient with leukaemia and in his mother. The presence of a novel allele was initially suspected because conflicting results were obtained by serological and DNA typing techniques. The HLA typing using the polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) at the two-digit level indicated an allele belonging to the HLA-B*44 group, whereas serological typing indicated HLA-B21. Typing with PCR-sequence-specific oligonucleotides (PCR-SSO) resulted in a unique reaction pattern that could not be assigned to a known allele, PCR-SSP typing at the four-digit level did not match any known B*44 allele, either...
June 2006: International Journal of Immunogenetics
Marlies K A Dankers, Dave L Roelen, Nelleke Korfage, Peter de Lange, Marian Witvliet, Lodewijk Sandkuijl, Ilias I N Doxiadis, Frans H J Claas
More insight into the differential immunogenicity of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) mismatches will be beneficial for donor selection in clinical transplantation. In this study the immunogenicity of HLA antigens was analyzed by examining the antibody profiles in women who have been pregnant. In total 888 women, who had pregnancy induced HLA alloantibodies, were included in this study, while 413 women who had not been immunized by their pregnancy, served as controls. First it was analyzed whether women expressing particular HLA antigens are more likely to produce HLA alloantibodies...
June 2003: Human Immunology
Arti Nanda, Qasem A Alsaleh, Fowzia Al-Hasawi, Ibrahim Al-Muzairai
A total of 80 Kuwaiti children with alopecia areata (AA), without clinical evidence of thyroid disease, were screened for the presence of thyroid abnormalities, and 50 unrelated children with AA were tissue typed for human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I and class II antigens. Thyroid abnormalities were detected in 14 children (17.5%). Among these, 11 children (14%) had thyroid autoantibodies. These observations highlight the significance of screening for thyroid abnormalities in children with chronic, recurrent, and/or extensive disease...
November 2002: Pediatric Dermatology
P Selvaraj, U Sriram, S Mathan Kurian, A M Reetha, P R Narayanan
SETTING: A study of tumour necrosis factor alpha and beta (TNFalpha and beta) gene polymorphism and haplotype analysis with HLA in pulmonary tuberculosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether TNFalpha (-238 and -308) and TNFbeta (Nco I polymorphism in intron 2) genes either alone or in combination with human leucocyte antigens (HLA) as haplotypes afford susceptibility or resistance to pulmonary tuberculosis as well as bacteriological relapse of the disease. DESIGN: Tumour necrosis factor alpha -238, -308 (TNFalpha -238, -308) and TNFbeta (Nco I) gene polymorphisms were carried out in HLA-A,B and DR typed pulmonary tuberculosis patients (n=210) and 120 normal healthy control subjects...
2001: Tuberculosis
Z Grubić, V Kerhin-Brkljacić, E Cecuk-Jelicić, A Kastelan
In this study the immunogenetic relationships among 141 unrelated HLA-B27+ patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and 792 members of their families were studied. Two control groups, with at least one B27+ parent were used (families undergoing transplantation program and triplet families undergoing paternity testing). All subjects were typed for HLA-A and -B antigens by microlyphocytotoxity test (MLCT) on local typing trays. The frequency of HLA-A and -B alleles was equal in the all tested groups. The segregation of all tested genes was regular regarding to the total number of positive and negative siblings, while regarding to the sex of sibs was irregular for HLA-B27 and -B5 gene...
2000: Reumatizam
A A Harcombe, L Sharples, S R Large, J Wallwork, P L Weissberg, V Joysey
We investigated the distribution of HLA antigens among 413 patients with ischaemic heart disease or dilated cardiomyopathy referred for cardiac transplantation to determine if possession of certain HLA antigens predisposed to end-stage heart failure. Of the patients studied, 234 had ischaemic heart disease (218 males), mean age 49 years (SD 7.1) and 179 patients had dilated cardiomyopathy (150 males), mean age 39 years (12.8). The control group comprised 2041 kidney donors reported to the United Kingdom Transplant Service between July and August 1985...
January 1999: International Journal of Cardiology
B Maharaj, S M Khedun, M G Hammond
To determine whether genetically determined immune response factors could be involved in the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma, we performed HLA-A and HLA-B typing in 55 black patients with histologically-proven hepatocellular carcinoma, and HLA-DR and HLA-DQ typing in 47 of these patients. The HLA typing was also carried out in a control group of normal black patients. The HLA typing was done by a standard microlymphocytotoxicity method. No difference in HLA-A, HLA-DR and HLA-DQ frequencies between patients and controls were noted...
November 1997: East African Medical Journal
A C Cervino, R N Curnow
Several statistical methods have been used to search familial data sets for marker alleles associated with the occurrence of a disease. In the present paper, a recently developed method is used to re-analyze published data on leprosy and candidate genes at the HLA loci. This new method of analysis, the randomization transmission disequilibrium test (TDT), confirmed previous conclusions that there was no significant evidence against random transmission at the HLA-A locus but significant positive association with the HLA-DR2 allele...
December 1997: International Journal of Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases
M Aricò, G Janka, A Fischer, J I Henter, S Blanche, G Elinder, M Martinetti, M P Rusca
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare, often fatal, disease of early infancy. The diagnosis of HLH is frequently delayed or made at autopsy because no genetic or biologic marker has been identified. To improve the classification and treatment of HLH, the Histiocyte Society has established an 'International Registry for HLH'. Data collected included family history, clinical and laboratory features at the onset of illness, and treatment outcome. Stringent diagnostic criteria (ie fever, splenomegaly, cytopenia, hypertriglyceridemia, and/or hypofibrinogenemia, and hemophagocytosis without evidence of malignancy) were used for patient selection...
February 1996: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
A al-Fouzan, M al-Arbash, F Fouad, S A Kaaba, M A Mousa, S A al-Harbi
HLA polymorphisms of class I and class II MHC were investigated in 40 Kuwaiti vitiligo patients and in 40 controls using microcytotoxicity assay. HLA-B21, Cw6 and DR53 were increased significantly in patients compared to controls (P = 0.00001, 0.00001 and P = 0.0053 respectively) while HLA-A19, DR52, were significantly decreased (P = 0.00236, 0.05, respectively). Total T-cells, T4 and T8 were measured as CD2, CD4 and CD8 respectively by flow cytometry. Vitiligo patients showed significant increase in CD4 compared to controls (P = 0...
April 1995: European Journal of Immunogenetics
Iu I Afanas'ev, R T Kadyrova, V V Iazdovskiĭ
The examination of 95 Uzbeks with rheumatic myocardium and 60 healthy subjects of the same nationality has found accumulation in the patients' phenotypes of antigens HLA-B17, HLA-B21 and HLA-Cw4. A high PHA-induced response of T-lymphocytes occurred in HLA-Cw4- and especially in HLA-B21-positive patients. The findings suggest participation of HLA-associated genes in the mechanisms of rheumatic process. These are thought responsible for rheumatism-specific cell immune reactions.
1995: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
M Sideri, M Rognoni, L Rizzolo, L Micheletti, M Barbero, M Origoni, S Garsia
The cause of vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is unknown. An autoimmune origin has been suggested. The HLA system is responsible for the synthesis of major histocompatibility antigens and is considered a genetic marker of the risk of or resistance to some diseases. Recently, the association between some antigens of the HLA system and diseases of proven autoimmune origin has been reported. A possible association between antigens of the HLA system and VLS has been investigated by others, with contradictory results...
June 1988: Journal of Reproductive Medicine
R J Anderson, P A Dyer, D Donnai, P T Klouda, R Jennison, J M Braganza
HLA-A and B antigens were studied in 88 Caucasoids with chronic pancreatitis resident in the Manchester area. In the subgroup of 52 patients with alcohol-related chronic pancreatitis HLA-B21 was significantly increased in frequency compared with 344 local controls (Pc = 0.0128). In the non-alcoholic sub-group of 36 patients, the incidence of HLA-A1 was significantly higher than in controls (Pc = 0.0021); whilst HLA-B8 was present in 38.8% of patients and 27.9% of controls. When these data are amalgamated with data from Lyon (France), the antigen HLA-A1 is significantly associated with non-alcoholic chronic pancreatitis...
January 1988: International Journal of Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology
F Martinova, A M Borisova, M Minev, D Koev, P Genkova
In 79 diabetic patients, 37 patients with diabetes mellitus type I and 42 patients with diabetes mellitus type II, the HLA-A, B and DR antigens were examined. An association of diabetes mellitus type I with HLA-B8, DR3 and DR4 was found. For the first time a relation between diabetes mellitus type I and HLA-B21 antigen was established. The early onset of the disease and the exhaustion of the endogenic insulin secretion are linked with B8 and DR3 carrier state while the late manifestations of diabetes mellitus and the preservation of one's own insulin production correlate with antigen B21...
1989: Vŭtreshni Bolesti
G Metzner, B Enke, C Diener, L Jäger
Agammaglobulinemia is a rare disease. The concentration of these patients provides efficacy of diagnosis and treatment. Within this group the "acquired" type in adulthood (CVID, n = 31) can be separated from the X-linked agammaglobulinemia of infants (n = 6). The former is characterized by variable clinical and immunological pictures. Common to both are sinubronchial infections and extremely low levels of all classes of immunoglobulins. IgG-levels below 4 g/l are usually accompanied by a more severe disease...
November 15, 1989: Zeitschrift Für die Gesamte Innere Medizin und Ihre Grenzgebiete
S Rose, N K Mehra, R Kumar, M C Vaidya
The distribution of class I HLA antigens (HLA-A, B) were determined in 50 patients of Aortoarteritis in an Indian population. This included 29 females and 21 males. The difference in antigen frequency was observed between patients and controls with reference to HLA-A19, B5 and B21 antigens. A decreased frequency of HLA-A19 was observed in the patients as compared to controls (14% vs 33.25%, X2 = 6.81, P less than 0.025). Of the B locus antigens, an increased frequency of HLA B5 was observed in the patients as compared to controls (48% vs 29...
January 1991: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
P Gregor, E Ivasková, H Sajdlová, L Kupková, P Widimský, V Cervenka
Research of the relevant international literature on HLA studies in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy yielded controversial results. There are no studies, conducted in sufficiently large groups of patients, that would consider the different functional and morphological forms of the disease. Therefore, the authors carried out detailed typing of 60 Class I and II antigens in 117 patients known to suffer from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Values of the relative risk and chi-square test showed a number of possible associations...
1991: Cor et Vasa
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