keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Confirmation bias

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636031/attaining-resistive-switching-characteristics-and-selector-properties-by-varying-forming-polarities-in-a-single-hfo2-based-rram-device-with-a-vanadium-electrode
#1
Chih-Yang Lin, Po-Hsun Chen, Ting-Chang Chang, Kuan-Chang Chang, Sheng-Dong Zhang, Tsung-Ming Tsai, Chih-Hung Pan, Min-Chen Chen, Yu-Ting Su, Yi-Ting Tseng, Yao-Feng Chang, Ying-Chen Chen, Hui-Chun Huang, Simon M Sze
This study proposes a method for a HfO2-based device to exhibit both resistive switching (RS) characteristics as resistive random access memory (RRAM) and selector characteristics by introducing vanadium (V) as the top electrode. This simple V/HfO2/TiN structure can demonstrate these two different properties depending on forming polarities. The RS mechanism is activated by a positive forming bias. In contrast, the selector property is induced by a negative forming bias. The material analyses firstly confirm the existence of V in the top electrode...
June 21, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632334/functional-analysis-of-female-biased-odorant-binding-protein-6-for-volatile-and-nonvolatile-host-compounds-in-adelphocoris-lineolatus-goeze
#2
L Sun, Q Wang, S Yang, Q Wang, Z Zhang, A Khashaveh, Y-J Zhang, Y-Y Guo
The polyphagous mirid bug Adelphocoris lineolatus relies heavily on olfactory cues to track suitable host plants. Thus, a better understanding of the molecular basis of its olfactory detection could contribute to the development of effective pest management strategies. In the present study, we report the expression profile of the odorant binding protein gene A. lineolatus odorant binding protein 6 (AlinOBP6). Quantitative real-time PCR experiments suggest that AlinOBP6 is female adult antennae-biased. Cellular immunolocalization analyses show that AlinOBP6 is highly expressed in the lymph of both multiporous sensilla basiconica and uniporous sensilla chaetica...
June 20, 2017: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632251/effects-of-nurse-led-telephone-based-supportive-interventions-for-patients-with-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#3
Soon-Rim Suh, Myung Kyung Lee
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: To evaluate the effects of nurse-led telephone-based supportive interventions (NTSIs) for patients with cancer.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Electronic databases, including EMBASE®, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, 
Cochrane Library CENTRAL, ProQuest Medical Library, and CINAHL®, were searched through February 2016.
. DATA EVALUATION: 239 studies were identified; 16 were suitable for meta-analysis. Cochrane's risk of bias tool and the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software were used...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629510/screening-strategies-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#4
Nicky J Welton, Alexandra McAleenan, Howard Hz Thom, Philippa Davies, Will Hollingworth, Julian Pt Higgins, George Okoli, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Gene Feder, Diane Eaton, Aroon Hingorani, Christopher Fawsitt, Trudie Lobban, Peter Bryden, Alison Richards, Reecha Sofat
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia that increases the risk of thromboembolic events. Anticoagulation therapy to prevent AF-related stroke has been shown to be cost-effective. A national screening programme for AF may prevent AF-related events, but would involve a substantial investment of NHS resources. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of the diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) of screening tests for AF, update a systematic review of comparative studies evaluating screening strategies for AF, develop an economic model to compare the cost-effectiveness of different screening strategies and review observational studies of AF screening to provide inputs to the model...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627970/genome-wide-codon-usage-profiling-of-ocular-infective-chlamydia-trachomatis-serovars-and-drug-target-identification
#5
Anupriya Sadhasivam, Umashankar Vetrivel
Chlamydia trachomatis (C.t) is a gram-negative obligate intracellular bacteria and is a major causative of infectious blindness and sexually transmitted diseases. Among the varied serovars of this organism, A, B & C are reported as prominent ocular pathogens. Genomic studies of these strains shall aid in deciphering potential drug targets and genomic influence on pathogenesis. Hence, in this study we performed deep statistical profiling of codon usage in these serovars. The overall base composition analysis reveals that these serovars are over biased to AU than GC...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627906/evidence-of-a-goal-directed-process-in-human-pavlovian-instrumental-transfer
#6
Tina Seabrooke, Mike E Le Pelley, Lee Hogarth, Chris J Mitchell
Cues that signal rewards can motivate reward-seeking behaviors, even for outcomes that are not currently desired. Three experiments examined this phenomenon, using an outcome-selective Pavlovian-instrumental transfer (PIT) design and an outcome devaluation procedure. In Experiment 1, participants learned to perform one response to earn crisps points and another response to earn popcorn points. One outcome was then devalued by adulterating it to make it taste unpleasant. On test, overall response choice was biased toward the outcome that had not been devalued, indicating goal-directed control...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Learning and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627485/limitations-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-trials-why-observational-studies-will-continue-to-help-determine-the-role-of-vitamin-d-in-health
#7
REVIEW
Robert Scragg
Observational studies have shown that low vitamin D status is associated with an increased risk of a wide range of diseases. The body of observational evidence now is so large, that there have been many calls for randomized controlled trials (RCT) of vitamin D supplementation to confirm once and for all whether increasing body vitamin D levels prevents these diseases. These calls have arisen because of concern that confounding and reverse causation may explain many of the results from observational studies...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624646/instantaneous-voltage-as-an-alternative-to-power-and-phase-based-interpretation-of-oscillatory-brain-activity
#8
Gerwin Schalk, Joshua Marple, Robert T Knight, William G Coon
For decades, oscillatory brain activity has been characterized primarily by measurements of power and phase. While many studies have linked those measurements to cortical excitability, their relationship to each other and to the physiological underpinnings of excitability is unclear. The recently proposed Function-through-Biased-Oscillations (FBO) hypothesis Schalk, addressed these issues by suggesting that the voltage potential at the cortical surface directly reflects the excitability of cortical populations, that this voltage is rhythmically driven away from a low resting potential (associated with depolarized cortical populations) towards positivity (associated with hyperpolarized cortical populations)...
June 14, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622552/fornix-microalterations-associated-with-early-trauma-in-panic-disorder
#9
Seung-Taek Yu, Kang-Soo Lee, Sang-Hyuk Lee
BACKGROUND: It is well accepted that panic disorder (PD) is associated with early trauma, and that the limbic systems are one of the main structures involved in PD pathophysiology. However, previous studies have not addressed the relationship between early trauma and major limbic white-matter (WM) structures in PD. METHODS: Participants enrolled in the study consisted of 53 right-handed patients with PD and 21 healthy controls (HC). The Early Trauma Inventory Self Report-Short Form (ETISR-SF), Anxiety Sensitivity Inventory-Revised (ASI-R), and the Albany Panic and Phobia Questionnaire (APPQ) were applied in the study...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620773/antioxidant-uric-acid-in-treated-and-untreated-subjects-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#10
Francesco Bartoli, Giulia Trotta, Cristina Crocamo, Maria Rosaria Malerba, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
Pathophysiological mechanisms of major depressive disorder (MDD) seem to be associated with oxidative stress pathways and altered purinergic metabolism. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate if subjects with MDD might have reduced levels of antioxidant uric acid, considering also potential influence of antidepressant treatment. We searched the main Electronic Databases, identifying 14 studies that met our inclusion criteria. Meta-analyses were carried out generating pooled Hedges' g and mean differences (MDs), using random-effects models...
June 15, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619682/air-quality-and-acute-deaths-in-california-2000-2012
#11
S Stanley Young, Richard L Smith, Keneth K Lopiano
Many studies have shown an association between air quality and acute deaths, and such associations are widely interpreted as causal. Several factors call causation and even association into question, for example multiple testing and multiple modeling, publication bias and confirmation bias. Many published studies are difficult or impossible to reproduce because of lack of access to confidential data sources. Here we make publically available a dataset containing daily air quality levels, PM2.5 and ozone, daily temperature levels, minimum and maximum and daily maximum relative humidity levels for the eight most populous California air basins, thirteen years, >2M deaths, over 37,000 exposure days...
June 12, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619664/nailfold-capillaroscopic-changes-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-and-systemic-sclerosis-related-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#12
A Corrado, M Correale, N Mansueto, I Monaco, A Carriero, A Mele, R Colia, M Di Biase, F P Cantatore
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) represents one of the main clinical expressions of the vascular changes in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Lung microvascular changes can play a role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic PAH (IPAH) also. The aim of this study is to investigate the presence of capillaroscopic abnormalities in patients with IPAH and to evaluate the differences in capillary nailfold changes between patients with IPAH and patients with SSc with and without PAH. METHODS: 39 SSc patients (19 with PAH - SSc-PAH and 20 without - SSc-noPAH), 21 subjects with IPAH and 20 healthy subjects were recruited...
June 12, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618403/associations-between-two-common-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-rs2241766-and-rs1501299-of-adipoq-gene-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Na Zhao, Ningxia Li, Shengjun Zhang, Qiang Ma, Cong Ma, Xiaolan Yang, Jie Yin, Rui Zhang, Jing Li, Xiaogang Yang, Tao Cui
ADIPOQ gene polymorphisms were indicated to be associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) in diabetic patients, however, published studies reported inconsistent results. We performed this meta-analysis to reach a more accurate estimation of the relationship between two common ADIPOQ genetic polymorphisms (rs2241766 and rs1501299) and CAD risk in diabetic patients. Eligible studies were retrieved by searching PubMed, Embase, Wangfang, VIP database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases. Included and excluded criteria were formulated...
May 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617483/epidemiology-of-chronic-kidney-disease-think-at-least-twice
#14
Pierre Delanaye, Richard J Glassock, Marc E De Broe
The introduction of the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guidelines has substantially contributed to the early detection of different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Several recent studies from different parts of the world mention a CKD prevalence of between 8 and 13%. There are several reasons the CKD prevalence found in a study of a particular population is clearly overestimated. The structure of the population pyramid (young or older age) of the study sample may result in high or low CKD prevalence...
June 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617209/suicide-risk-assessment-and-prevention-a-systematic-review-focusing-on-veterans
#15
Heidi D Nelson, Lauren M Denneson, Allison R Low, Brian W Bauer, Maya O'Neil, Devan Kansagara, Alan R Teo
OBJECTIVE: Suicide rates in veteran and military populations in the United States are high. This article reviews studies of the accuracy of methods to identify individuals at increased risk of suicide and the effectiveness and adverse effects of health care interventions relevant to U.S. veteran and military populations in reducing suicide and suicide attempts. METHODS: Trials, observational studies, and systematic reviews relevant to U.S. veterans and military personnel were identified in searches of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, SocINDEX, and Cochrane databases (January 1, 2008, to September 11, 2015), on Web sites, and in reference lists...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614014/the-foreign-body-that-never-was-the-effects-of-confirmation-bias
#16
Dominic Pang, Anthony Bleetman, David Bleetman, Max Wynne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613893/bias-controlled-spectral-response-in-gan-aln-single-nanowire-ultraviolet-photodetectors
#17
Maria Spies, Martien I den Hertog, Pascal Hille, Jörg Schörmann, Jakub Polaczyński, Bruno Gayral, Martin Eickhoff, Eva Monroy, Jonas Lähnemann
We present a study of GaN single-nanowire ultraviolet photodetectors with an embedded GaN/AlN superlattice. The heterostructure dimensions and doping profile were designed in such a way that the application of positive or negative bias leads to an enhancement of the collection of photogenerated carriers from the GaN/AlN superlattice or from the GaN base, respectively, as confirmed by electron beam-induced current measurements. The devices display enhanced response in the ultraviolet A (≈ 330-360 nm)/B (≈ 280-330 nm) spectral windows under positive/negative bias...
June 16, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613153/precision-in-the-design-of-an-experimental-study-deflects-the-significance-of-proteinase-activated-receptor-2-expression-in-scrapie-inoculated-mice
#18
Zdenka Hanusova, Tibor Mosko, Radoslav Matej, Karel Holada
Proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) is suspected to modulate the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerative conditions. We previously described delayed onset of clinical symptoms and prolonged survival of PAR2-deficient mice after intracerebral inoculation with prions. Here we report the results from a refined blinded study that aimed to investigate the effects of PAR2 deletion on scrapie pathogenesis after peripheral infection. This study failed to confirm that PAR2 deficiency impacts on the length of the incubation period, with PAR2-/- and PAR2+/+ littermates developing scrapie at the same time...
June 14, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613016/number-of-parity-and-the-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-women-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#19
Lei Ren, Peng Guo, Qiao-Mei Sun, Hong Liu, Yu Chen, Ying Huang, Xiao-Jun Cai
AIM: The association between parity and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) risk has been investigated, but results are controversial. Thus, our aim was to systematically analyze the effect of number of parity on the risk of RA in women. METHODS: Relevant published studies were identified using PubMed and embase databases through 1 April 2016. We pooled the relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using random-effects models. RESULTS: In all, 12 studies with a total of 2 497 580 participants and 11 521 RA cases were included...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611452/abrupt-p-n-junction-using-ionic-gating-at-zero-bias-in-bilayer-graphene
#20
Sameer Grover, Anupama Joshi, Ashwin Tulapurkar, Mandar M Deshmukh
Graphene is a promising candidate for optoelectronic applications. In this report, a double gated bilayer graphene FET has been made using a combination of electrostatic and electrolytic gating in order to form an abrupt p-n junction. The presence of two Dirac peaks in the gating curve of the fabricated device confirms the formation of a p-n junction. At low temperatures, when the electrolyte is frozen intentionally, the photovoltage exhibits a six-fold pattern indicative of the hot electron induced photothermoelectric effect that has also been seen in graphene p-n junctions made using metallic gates...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
81201
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"