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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718273/3d-quantitative-evaluation-of-spine-proprioceptive-perception-motor-control-through-instinctive-self-correction-manoeuvre-in-healthy-young-subjects-posture-an-observational-study
#1
Moreno D'Amico, Edyta Kinel, Piero Roncoletta
BACKGROUND: Conservative treatment in spine deformities and spine related disorders is mainly based on proper individual proprioceptive and motor control training. For these reasons, conservative treatment involves the stimulation of individual capability of perceiving/reducing deformities, blocks and/or improper spine posture by voluntary control. The literature describes that habitually adopted relaxed postures often exacerbate low back pain. Typically, youths can be referred to therapeutic programs aimed at improving the quality of body posture along with fostering the awareness of the importance of correct posture...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716675/what-we-imagine-is-what-we-do-a-critical-overview-about-mental-imagery-as-a-strategy-to-study-human-defensive-responses
#2
REVIEW
Rosana Shuhama, D Caroline Blanchard, Frederico Guilherme Graeff, Cristina Marta Del-Ben
There is not a single and perfect instinctive behavior to react to threatening situations. However, the study of particular features of these situations suggests the existence of prototypical emotional reactions and associated defensive behaviors. Since all living beings are subjected to common evolutionary pressures, such as predation and conspecific competition, it is plausible that there is conservation of some basic defensive responses in their behavioral repertoire. The choice for approaching or withdrawing from a given situation depends, among others things, on environmental features, including the threat intensity and the distance from the source of the threat...
July 14, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706415/role-of-new-endoscopic-techniques-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-management-has-the-change-come
#3
EDITORIAL
Loredana Goran, Lucian Negreanu, Ana Maria Negreanu
Despite significant therapeutic progress in recent years, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, remains a challenge regarding its pathogenesis and long-term complications. New concepts have emerged in the management of this disease, such as the "treat-to-target" concept, in which mucosal healing plays a key role in the evolution of IBD, the risk of recurrence and the need for surgery. Endoscopy is essential for the assessment of mucosal inflammation and plays a pivotal role in the analysis of mucosal healing in patients with IBD...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692647/the-effects-of-kisspeptin-10-on-serum-metabolism-and-myocardium-in-rats
#4
Ying Zhang, Yuanlong Hou, Xiaoyan Wang, Jihui Ping, Zhiyu Ma, Chuan Suo, Zhihai Lei, Xiang Li, Zheng Zhang, Cuicui Jia, Juan Su
Kisspeptin is a peptide encoded by the Kiss 1 gene and is also called metastin. Previous studies have generally focused on several functions of this peptide, including metastasis, puberty, vasoconstriction and reproduction. However, few studies have focused on the cardiac functions of kisspeptin. In the present study, cardiac histomorphology was observed via TEM (transmission electron microscope) and HE and Masson staining to observe instinctive changes. Serum metabolites levels were also measured and analyzed using GC/TOF-MS after injection with kisspeptin-10...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680262/-as-a-parent-you-become-a-tiger-parents-talking-about-bullying-at-school
#5
Rebecca Hale, Claire L Fox, Michael Murray
Bullying at school can be a distressing experience for children. It is also likely to be distressing for their parents. In spite of this, research in the field of school bullying and peer victimisation has tended to overlook the experience of parents when their child is bullied. This study explored school bullying from the parent's perspective. Twenty-one parents took part in semi-structured focus groups and interviews to share their experiences. Thematic analysis of the interview transcripts identified two main themes: 'perceived institutional factors' and 'being a good parent'...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655574/cisplatin-along-with-herbal-drug-treatment-reduces-the-percentage-of-regulatory-t-cells-and-decreased-the-severity-of-experimental-visceral-leishmaniasis
#6
Heena Sachdeva, Sukhbir Kaur
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis is the most alarming and devastating amongst the various forms of leishmaniases. It is caused by Leishmania donovani, an obligate intracellular parasite of macrophages that survives through immunosuppression. Absence of T regulatory cells provides complete clearance of the parasite. A few immunoprophylactics have been sought to battle instinctive leishmaniasis, with fluctuating achievement. Our previous studies have shown that treatment of L. donovani infected mice with cisplatin along with herbal drugs resulted in decreased parasite load with heightened delayed type hypersensitivity responses (DTH), increased levels of IgG2a, IFN-γ, IL-2, CD4+ cells, NK 1...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653167/why-frankenstein-is-a-stigma-among-scientists
#7
Peter Nagy, Ruth Wylie, Joey Eschrich, Ed Finn
As one of the best known science narratives about the consequences of creating life, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818) is an enduring tale that people know and understand with an almost instinctive familiarity. It has become a myth reflecting people's ambivalent feelings about emerging science: they are curious about science, but they are also afraid of what science can do to them. In this essay, we argue that the Frankenstein myth has evolved into a stigma attached to scientists that focalizes the public's as well as the scientific community's negative reactions towards certain sciences and scientific practices...
June 26, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648498/a-labeled-line-neural-circuit-for-pheromone-mediated-sexual-behaviors-in-mice
#8
Kentaro K Ishii, Takuya Osakada, Hiromi Mori, Nobuhiko Miyasaka, Yoshihiro Yoshihara, Kazunari Miyamichi, Kazushige Touhara
In mice, various instinctive behaviors can be triggered by olfactory input. Despite growing knowledge of the brain regions involved in such behaviors, the organization of the neural circuits that convert olfactory input into stereotyped behavioral output remains poorly understood. Here, we mapped the neural circuit responsible for enhancing sexual receptivity of female mice by a male pheromone, exocrine gland-secreting peptide 1 (ESP1). We revealed specific neural types and pathways by which ESP1 information is conveyed from the peripheral receptive organ to the motor-regulating midbrain via the amygdala-hypothalamus axis...
July 5, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624072/violent-events-on-the-road-risk-perception-of-traffic-related-and-non-traffic-related-situations
#9
Lilian de Oliveira Vilela da Silva, Marilita Gnecco de Camargo Braga
This study aimed at identifying and comparing subjective risk perception regarding two different violent situations in urban roads: traffic accidents (i.e. crashes) and robberies. A robbery consists of subtracting something from someone, while seriously threatening the victim, or using violence. Robberies can be perpetrated either with or without the use of a weapon. This study was carried out in the city of Uberlândia, a medium size city in the state of Minas Gerais, south-east Brazil. A total of 383 people was interviewed at home in two boroughs of Uberlândia, using a questionnaire divided in five parts: a) personal information; b) description of crash involvement; c) description of robbery involvement; d) the chance of being involved in a crash and in a robbery within the next three years; e) willingness to pay for more safety in traffic or for more security against robberies; f) what causes more damage or harm to society, crashes or robberies...
June 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614671/gestalt-breastfeeding-helping-mothers-and-infants-optimize-positional-stability-and-intraoral-breast-tissue-volume-for-effective-pain-free-milk-transfer
#10
Pamela Douglas, Renee Keogh
In the past decade, biological nurturing and activation of maternal and infant instincts after birth have constituted a major advance in clinical breastfeeding support. Yet, physiologic breastfeeding initiation is not enough to ensure ongoing pain-free and effective breastfeeding for many pairs. Current interventions, including "hands-off" mammalian approaches, do not improve breastfeeding outcomes, including in randomized controlled trials. Back-arching, difficulty latching or staying on the breast, and fussing at the breast are common signs of infant positional instability during breastfeeding...
August 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577501/advances-in-developing-rapid-reliable-and-portable-detection-systems-for-alcohol
#11
REVIEW
Phurpa Dema Thungon, Ankana Kakoti, Lightson Ngashangva, Pranab Goswami
Development of portable, reliable, sensitive, simple, and inexpensive detection system for alcohol has been an instinctive demand not only in traditional brewing, pharmaceutical, food and clinical industries but also in rapidly growing alcohol based fuel industries. Highly sensitive, selective, and reliable alcohol detections are currently amenable typically through the sophisticated instrument based analyses confined mostly to the state-of-art analytical laboratory facilities. With the growing demand of rapid and reliable alcohol detection systems, an all-round attempt has been made over the past decade encompassing various disciplines from basic and engineering sciences...
May 25, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558623/is-trypophobia-a-phobia
#12
Wang Can, Zhao Zhuoran, Jin Zheng
In the past 10 years, thousands of people have claimed to be affected by trypophobia, which is the fear of objects with small holes. Recent research suggests that people do not fear the holes; rather, images of clustered holes, which share basic visual characteristics with venomous organisms, lead to nonconscious fear. In the present study, both self-reported measures and the Preschool Single Category Implicit Association Test were adapted for use with preschoolers to investigate whether discomfort related to trypophobic stimuli was grounded in their visual features or based on a nonconsciously associated fear of venomous animals...
April 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555302/respecting-the-dignity-of-children-with-disabilities-in-clinical-practice
#13
Adam Cureton, Anita Silvers
Prevailing philosophies about parental and other caregiver responsibilities toward children tend to be protectionist, grounded in informed benevolence in a way that countenances rather than circumvents intrusive paternalism. And among the kinds of children an adult might be called upon to parent or otherwise care for, children with disabilities figure among those for whom the strongest and snuggest shielding is supposed be deployed. In this article, we examine whether this equation of securing well-being with sheltering by protective parents and other care-givers should unreflectively be adopted for disabled children...
May 29, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545823/novel-molecular-subgroups-for-clinical-classification-and-outcome-prediction-in-childhood-medulloblastoma-a-cohort-study
#14
Edward C Schwalbe, Janet C Lindsey, Sirintra Nakjang, Stephen Crosier, Amanda J Smith, Debbie Hicks, Gholamreza Rafiee, Rebecca M Hill, Alice Iliasova, Thomas Stone, Barry Pizer, Antony Michalski, Abhijit Joshi, Stephen B Wharton, Thomas S Jacques, Simon Bailey, Daniel Williamson, Steven C Clifford
BACKGROUND: International consensus recognises four medulloblastoma molecular subgroups: WNT (MBWNT), SHH (MBSHH), group 3 (MBGrp3), and group 4 (MBGrp4), each defined by their characteristic genome-wide transcriptomic and DNA methylomic profiles. These subgroups have distinct clinicopathological and molecular features, and underpin current disease subclassification and initial subgroup-directed therapies that are underway in clinical trials. However, substantial biological heterogeneity and differences in survival are apparent within each subgroup, which remain to be resolved...
July 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533660/genes-emotions-and-gut-microbiota-the-next-frontier-for-the-gastroenterologist
#15
REVIEW
Arturo Panduro, Ingrid Rivera-Iñiguez, Maricruz Sepulveda-Villegas, Sonia Roman
Most medical specialties including the field of gastroenterology are mainly aimed at treating diseases rather than preventing them. Genomic medicine studies the health/disease process based on the interaction of the human genes with the environment. The gastrointestinal (GI) system is an ideal model to analyze the interaction between our genes, emotions and the gut microbiota. Based on the current knowledge, this mini-review aims to provide an integrated synopsis of this interaction to achieve a better understanding of the GI disorders related to bad eating habits and stress-related disease...
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533363/collective-action-and-the-evolution-of-social-norm-internalization
#16
Sergey Gavrilets, Peter J Richerson
Human behavior is strongly affected by culturally transmitted norms and values. Certain norms are internalized (i.e., acting according to a norm becomes an end in itself rather than merely a tool in achieving certain goals or avoiding social sanctions). Humans' capacity to internalize norms likely evolved in our ancestors to simplify solving certain challenges-including social ones. Here we study theoretically the evolutionary origins of the capacity to internalize norms. In our models, individuals can choose to participate in collective actions as well as punish free riders...
June 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532306/from-instinct-to-evidence-the-role-of-data-in-country-decision-making-in-chile
#17
Ximena Paz Aguilera, Consuelo Espinosa-Marty, Carla Castillo-Laborde, Claudia Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: The Chilean health system has undergone profound reforms since 1990, while going through political upheaval and facing demographic, health, and economic transformations. The full information requirements to develop an evidence-informed process implied the best possible use of the available data, as well as efforts to improve information systems. OBJECTIVE: To examine, from a historical perspective, the use of evidence during the health sector reforms undertaken in Chile from 1990 to date, and to identify the factors that have both determined improvements in the data and facilitated their use...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527508/social-media-and-web-presence-for-patients-and-professionals-evolving-trends-and-implications-for-practice
#18
REVIEW
Jose E Barreto, Curtis L Whitehair
The use of social media has become very instinctive to many. It has become part of a daily routine. Enhanced communication, liberated expressions of self, becoming updated with all the trends and news, and marketing promotion are only some of the reasons why most people use social media. Health care providers including physicians should take advantage of these platforms for professional purposes. Social media extends far beyond the famous platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and Instagram, used mostly for social connections...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490170/fertility-preservation-for-social-and-oncofertility-indications
#19
Paul R Brezina
The desire to reproduce is a base human instinct. However, for many individuals, the chances of being able to have a genetic child are compromised by a number of factors. For some, therapies aimed at treating serious medical illness, such as cancer; result in a deleterious impact on the function of eggs and sperm in the future thus compromising future fertility. In women, a predictable decrease in egg quality and quantity occurs with advancing maternal age. Therefore, women who choose to delay childbearing until their late 30s or early 40s may experience fertility difficulties that would not have been present earlier in life...
May 8, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468023/islamic-civilization-in-spain-a-magnificient-example-of-interaction-and-unity-of-religion-and-science
#20
Safvet Halilović
Islam and its followers had created a civilization that played very important role on the world stage for more than a thousand years. One of the most important specific qualities of the Islamic civilization is that it is a well-balanced civilization that brought together science and faith, struck a balance between spirit and matter and did not separate this world from the Hereafter. This is what distinguishes the Islamic civilization from other civilizations which attach primary importance to the material aspect of life, physical needs and human instincts, and attach greater attention to this world by striving to instantly satisfy desires of the flesh, without finding a proper place for God and the Hereafter in their philosophies and education systems...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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