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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323685/ipsilateral-tremor-like-grasp-reaction-in-a-patient-with-ischemic-stroke
#1
Yuichiro Inatomi, Makoto Nakajima, Toshiro Yonehara, Yukio Ando
Reports of involuntary ipsilateral movements after a stroke are rare, and none have described a patient with both an instinctive grasp reaction and tremor-like movement ipsilateral to the acute stroke lesion. We here report such a patient. A 76-year-old right-handed woman with a past history of left thalamic hemorrhage developed left hemiparesis, an instinctive grasp reaction, and a peculiar involuntary movement of her right arm. This involuntary movement was stereotyped and sometimes rhythmical, with a groping or picking-like action...
March 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322887/staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-data-from-the-prospective-instinct-cohort
#2
Insa Joost, Achim Kaasch, Christine Pausch, Gabriele Peyerl-Hoffmann, Christian Schneider, Reinhard E Voll, Harald Seifert, Winfried V Kern, Siegbert Rieg
OBJECTIVES: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are considered to be at increased risk of severe infections. We here describe the clinical characteristics, course and outcome of RA patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB). METHODS: We conducted a post hoc analysis of data from a German bi-centre prospective SAB cohort study (period 2006-2014). Patients were followed-up for one year. Primary and secondary outcomes were survival time and osteoarticular infection (OAI)...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281328/implementation-of-evidence-based-practice-from-a-learning-perspective
#3
Per Nilsen, Margit Neher, Per-Erik Ellström, Benjamin Gardner
INTRODUCTION: For many nurses and other health care practitioners, implementing evidence-based practice (EBP) presents two interlinked challenges: acquisition of EBP skills and adoption of evidence-based interventions and abandonment of ingrained non-evidence-based practices. AIMS: The purpose of this study to describe two modes of learning and use these as lenses for analyzing the challenges of implementing EBP in health care. METHODS: The article is theoretical, drawing on learning and habit theory...
March 9, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279494/sustaining-immunity-during-starvation-in-bivalve-mollusc-a-costly-affair
#4
Elizabeth Mahapatra, Dishari Dasgupta, Navodipa Bhattacharya, Suvrotoa Mitra, Debakana Banerjee, Soumita Goswami, Nabanita Ghosh, Avijit Dey, Sudipta Chakraborty
Complete or partial depletion of resource in a freshwater habitat is a common phenomenon. As a consequence, aquatic fauna including bivalve molluscs may be exposed to dietary stress on a seasonal basis. Haemocyte based innate immune profile of the freshwater mollusc Lamellidens marginalis (Bivalvia: Eulamellibranchiata) was evaluated under starvation induced stress for a maximum period of 32 days in a controlled laboratory condition. During starvation, the bivalve haemocytes maintained a homeostasis in phagocytic efficacy and nitric oxide generation ability with respect to the control...
February 21, 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271383/global-protein-expression-profile-response-of-planktonic-aeromonas-hydrophila-exposed-to-chlortetracycline
#5
Wanxin Li, Zujie Yao, Xiangyu Zhang, Fang Huang, Wenxiong Lin, Xiangmin Lin
The antibiotics resistance phenomena of Aeromonas hydrophila has become serious economic and public health problems for the world aquaculture industry and human health care. In this study, to investigate the instinct antibiotics adaptive mechanism of this pathogen, iTRAQ (Isobaric Tags for Relative and Absolute Quantitation) based quantitative proteomics technologies were performed to compare the differential expression of A. hydrophila in planktonic status in response to chlortetracycline (CTC) stress and then identified total 1552 proteins including 285 altered proteins with 90 increasing and 195 decreasing abundance proteins...
April 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266021/gingival-spheroids-possess-multilineage-differentiation-potential
#6
Rajasekaran Subbarayan, Dinesh Murugan Girija, Suresh Ranga Rao
Recently studies have demonstrated HGMSCs as ideal candidates for regenerative study. Interestingly we found that HGMSCs derived spheroids are more potent and maintain the properties of stemness convincingly compared to conventional culture methods. During the culture, GMSCs instinctively accumulated into spheroids and display multipotent STRO-1 and Vimentin-positive cells. Reduced phenotypic expression of CD73, CD105 and, elevated expression STRO-1 and CD-34. Pluripotent nature of S-GMSCs putatively shown the expression of OCT4A, NANOG, SOX-2, SSEA4, TRA-1-60, and TRA-181...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247936/uses-of-guilt-in-the-treatment-of-dehumanization
#7
Harvey Peskin
It is likely that under the impact of impending Nazism, aggression theory in late Freud, as presented in Civilization and its Discontents (1930), left the entirety of guilt to self-punishment, thus retracting his view that love functions in the superego as remorse and restitution. This change however, essentially withdraws provision for treating victims of abuse, violence and terror. This paper proposes a paradigm shift that reframes Freud's late instinct theory into a theory of dehumanization by recovering reparative and relational components of guilt...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228378/professionals-should-act-on-instincts-if-they-suspect-child-abuse-nice-says
#8
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183015/synergistic-degradation-of-phenols-using-peroxymonosulfate-activated-by-cuo-co3o4-mno2-nanocatalyst
#9
Aimal Khan, Zhuwei Liao, Yong Liu, Ali Jawad, Jerosha Ifthikar, Zhuqi Chen
The development of transition metal based heterogeneous catalysts with efficient reactivity and intensive stability is of great demand in peroxymonosulfate based AOPs in water treatment. Herein, we present a novel approach of creating stable and effective nano-rod catalyst of CuCo@MnO2 with tetragonal structure. A remarkable synergetic effect was found between bi-metallic oxides of Cu and Co: 0.5%Cu-2%Co-MnO2 can efficiently degrade 100% of 30ppm phenol, while 0.5%Cu@MnO2 or 2%Co@MnO2 alone is apparently sluggish for the degradation of organic contaminants...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177062/critical-neuropsychobiological-analysis-of-panic-attack-and-anticipatory-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-rodents-confronted-with-snakes-in-polygonal-arenas-and-complex-labyrinths-a-comparison-to-the-elevated-plus-and-t-maze-behavioral-tests
#10
Norberto C Coimbra, Tatiana Paschoalin-Maurin, Gabriel S Bassi, Alexandre Kanashiro, Audrey F Biagioni, Tatiana T Felippotti, Daoud H Elias-Filho, Joyce Mendes-Gomes, Jade P Cysne-Coimbra, Rafael C Almada, Bruno Lobão-Soares
Objective: To compare prey and snake paradigms performed in complex environments to the elevated plus-maze (EPM) and T-maze (ETM) tests for the study of panic attack- and anticipatory anxiety-like behaviors in rodents. Methods: PubMed was reviewed in search of articles focusing on the plus maze test, EPM, and ETM, as well as on defensive behaviors displayed by threatened rodents. In addition, the authors' research with polygonal arenas and complex labyrinth (designed by the first author for confrontation between snakes and small rodents) was examined...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168697/the-death-instinct-and-the-mental-dimension-beyond-the-pleasure-principle-in-the-works-of-spielrein-and-freud
#11
Fátima Caropreso
In 'Destruction as Cause of Come-into-being', Spielrein argues for the need of postulating the existence of a death instinct in mental functioning. The idea that she thus anticipated the concept of death instinct Freud introduced in 1920 is often found in psychoanalytic literature. But the specific meaning of Spielrein's hypothesis is seldom discussed, as well as the extent to which she anticipated Freud's concept. In fact, there are important differences between their views. Besides, a closer analysis of Spielrein's text reveals other ideas that come close to fundamental aspects of Freud's theories from 1920 onwards, particularly the assumption of a more primordial mental functioning than the one regulated by the pleasure principle...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152997/factor-structure-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-connor-davidson-resilience-scale-in-a-new-employee-population-of-china
#12
Lei Wu, Yan Tan, Yan Liu
BACKGROUND: In order to find a suitable instrument to evaluate psychological resilience in Chinese new employee population, we intended to propose a possible factorial structure of Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Furthermore, we administered to explore its reliability and validity in the present population. METHODS: Participants were derived from the male new employees who had started working in the last 2-3 months from 12 machinery factories across 8 different provinces of China...
February 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132396/expert-knowledge-influences-decision-making-for-couples-receiving-positive-prenatal-chromosomal-microarray-testing-results
#13
M A Rubel, A Werner-Lin, F K Barg, B A Bernhardt
To assess how participants receiving abnormal prenatal genetic testing results seek information and understand the implications of results, 27 US female patients and 12 of their male partners receiving positive prenatal microarray testing results completed semi-structured phone interviews. These interviews documented participant experiences with chromosomal microarray testing, understanding of and emotional response to receiving results, factors affecting decision-making about testing and pregnancy termination, and psychosocial needs throughout the testing process...
January 28, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113592/visuomotor-entrainment-and-the-frequency-dependent-response-of-walking-balance-to-perturbations
#14
Jason R Franz, Carrie Francis, Matt Allen, Darryl G Thelen
Visuomotor entrainment, or the synchronization of motor responses to visual stimuli, is a naturally emergent phenomenon in human standing. Our purpose was to investigate the prevalence and resolution of visuomotor entrainment in walking and the frequency-dependent response of walking balance to perturbations. We used a virtual reality environment to manipulate optical flow in ten healthy young adults during treadmill walking. A motion capture system recorded trunk, sacrum, and heel marker trajectories during a series of 3-min conditions in which we perturbed a virtual hallway mediolaterally with systematic changes in the driving frequencies of perceived motion...
August 26, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110727/a-new-approach-to-early-diagnosis-of-congestive-heart-failure-disease-by-using-hilbert-huang-transform
#15
Gokhan Altan, Yakup Kutlu, Novruz Allahverdi
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a degree of cardiac disease occurring as a result of the heart's inability to pump enough blood for the human body. In recent studies, coronary artery disease (CAD) is accepted as the most important cause of CHF. This study focuses on the diagnosis of both the CHF and the CAD. The Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT), which is effective on non-linear and non-stationary signals, is used to extract the features from R-R intervals obtained from the raw electrocardiogram data. The statistical features are extracted from instinct mode functions that are obtained applying the HHT to R-R intervals...
December 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102260/neuroscience-how-to-turn-on-killer-instinct
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094611/-always-go-with-your-instincts
#17
(no author information available yet)
After qualifying as a registered nurse and sick children's nurse in the 1990s, Tracey Budding worked in variety of specialties, including orthopaedics, oncology and hospice care for adults and children, before specialising in neonatal care. She has been a modern matron on the neonatal unit at Birmingham Women's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust for 15 years. Ms Budding received the RCN Award of Merit for outstanding contribution and service to RCN members.
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093053/examiner-s-experience-and-the-outcome-interpretation-of-icdas-and-nyvad-s-system-a-prospective-in-vitro-study
#18
Vinicius Krieger Costa Nogueira, Diego Girotto Bussaneli, Elaine Pereira Da Silva Tagliaferro, Rubens Spin-Neto, Alfonso Escobar, Rita De Cássia Loiola Cordeiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, prospectively, the influence of examiner's experience in interpreting and applying the caries detection systems ICDAS (IC) and Nyvad (NY). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve second-year undergraduate dental students (UG) and 12 postgraduates (PG) MSc level analysed and codified 77 clinical dental caries photographs at three different moments: initially, without any training; after one week of receiving training through a theoretical class; and after two years...
January 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028126/susan-lindquist-visionary-scientist-and-peerless-mentor
#19
Brooke J Bevis
The science universe is dimmer after one of our brightest stars, Susan Lee Lindquist, was taken by cancer on October 27, 2016. Sue was an innovative, creative, out-of-the-box scientific thinker. She had unique biological intuition-an instinct for both the way things worked and the right questions to ask to uncover new research insights. Her wide-ranging career began with the study of protein folding and molecular chaperones, and she went on to show that protein folding can have profound and unexpected biological effects on such diverse processes as cancer, evolution, and neurodegenerative disease...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017826/determining-vancomycin-etest-mics-in-patients-with-mrsa-bloodstream-infection-does-not-support-switching-antimicrobials
#20
Nina J Hos, Nathalie Jazmati, Danuta Stefanik, Martin Hellmich, Halil AlSael, Winfried V Kern, Siegbert Rieg, Hilmar Wisplinghoff, Harald Seifert, Achim J Kaasch
OBJECTIVES: Elevated vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) have been reported to adversely affect clinical outcome in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bloodstream infection (BSI). We therefore examined the association between vancomycin MIC and outcome considering various potential confounders. METHODS: Clinical data and bacterial isolates were prospectively collected from patients with MRSA BSI from 2006 to 2012 as part of the Invasive Staphylococcus aureus Infection Cohort (INSTINCT) study...
March 2017: Journal of Infection
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