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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527508/social-media-and-web-presence-for-patients-and-professionals-evolving-trends-and-implications-for-practice
#1
REVIEW
Jose E Barreto, Curtis L Whitehair
The use of social media has become very instinctive to many. It has become part of a daily routine. Enhanced communication, liberated expressions of self, becoming updated with all the trends and news, and marketing promotion are only some of the reasons why most people use social media. Health care providers including physicians should take advantage of these platforms for professional purposes. Social media extends far beyond the famous platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and Instagram, used mostly for social connections...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490170/fertility-preservation-for-social-and-oncofertility-indications
#2
Paul R Brezina
The desire to reproduce is a base human instinct. However, for many individuals, the chances of being able to have a genetic child are compromised by a number of factors. For some, therapies aimed at treating serious medical illness, such as cancer; result in a deleterious impact on the function of eggs and sperm in the future thus compromising future fertility. In women, a predictable decrease in egg quality and quantity occurs with advancing maternal age. Therefore, women who choose to delay childbearing until their late 30s or early 40s may experience fertility difficulties that would not have been present earlier in life...
May 8, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468023/islamic-civilization-in-spain-a-magnificient-example-of-interaction-and-unity-of-religion-and-science
#3
Safvet Halilović
Islam and its followers had created a civilization that played very important role on the world stage for more than a thousand years. One of the most important specific qualities of the Islamic civilization is that it is a well-balanced civilization that brought together science and faith, struck a balance between spirit and matter and did not separate this world from the Hereafter. This is what distinguishes the Islamic civilization from other civilizations which attach primary importance to the material aspect of life, physical needs and human instincts, and attach greater attention to this world by striving to instantly satisfy desires of the flesh, without finding a proper place for God and the Hereafter in their philosophies and education systems...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427008/lateral-hypothalamic-circuits-for-sleep-wake-control
#4
REVIEW
Takayuki Yamashita, Akihiro Yamanaka
The lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) of the diencephalon is crucially involved in controlling instinctive behavior such as sleep-wake cycle and feeding behavior. LHA is a heterogeneous structure that contains spatially intermingled, genetically distinct cell populations. Among LHA neurons, orexin/hypocretin (OX) neuron is the key cell type that promotes waking, and specific loss of OX neurons results in narcolepsy. Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) containing neurons are known to be active during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and stimulation of these neurons promotes REM sleep...
April 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421246/immunoglobulin-g-for-patients-with-necrotising-soft-tissue-infection-instinct-a-randomised-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Martin B Madsen, Peter B Hjortrup, Marco B Hansen, Theis Lange, Anna Norrby-Teglund, Ole Hyldegaard, Anders Perner
PURPOSE: The aim of the INSTINCT trial was to assess the effect of intravenous polyspecific immunoglobulin G (IVIG) compared with placebo on self-reported physical function in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with necrotising soft tissue infection (NSTI). METHODS: We randomised 100 patients with NSTI 1:1 to masked infusion of 25 g of IVIG (Privigen, CSL Behring) or an equal volume of 0.9% saline once daily for the first 3 days of ICU admission. The primary outcome was the physical component summary (PCS) score of the 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) 6 months after randomisation; patients who had died were given the lowest possible score (zero)...
April 18, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416117/rapid-spatial-learning-controls-instinctive-defensive-behavior-in-mice
#6
Ruben Vale, Dominic A Evans, Tiago Branco
Instinctive defensive behaviors are essential for animal survival. Across the animal kingdom, there are sensory stimuli that innately represent threat and trigger stereotyped behaviors such as escape or freezing [1-4]. While innate behaviors are considered to be hard-wired stimulus-responses [5], they act within dynamic environments, and factors such as the properties of the threat [6-9] and its perceived intensity [1, 10, 11], access to food sources [12-14], and expectations from past experience [15, 16] have been shown to influence defensive behaviors, suggesting that their expression can be modulated...
May 8, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385995/from-learning-to-instinct
#7
EDITORIAL
Julia Fahrenkamp-Uppenbrink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385970/epigenetics-and-the-evolution-of-instincts
#8
Gene E Robinson, Andrew B Barron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372547/open-questions-tackling-darwin-s-instincts-the-genetic-basis-of-behavioral-evolution
#9
J Roman Arguello, Richard Benton
All of us have marveled at the remarkable diversity of animal behaviors in nature.None of us has much idea of how these have evolved.
April 3, 2017: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323685/ipsilateral-tremor-like-grasp-reaction-in-a-patient-with-ischemic-stroke
#10
Yuichiro Inatomi, Makoto Nakajima, Toshiro Yonehara, Yukio Ando
Reports of involuntary ipsilateral movements after a stroke are rare, and none have described a patient with both an instinctive grasp reaction and tremor-like movement ipsilateral to the acute stroke lesion. We here report such a patient. A 76-year-old right-handed woman with a past history of left thalamic hemorrhage developed left hemiparesis, an instinctive grasp reaction, and a peculiar involuntary movement of her right arm. This involuntary movement was stereotyped and sometimes rhythmical, with a groping or picking-like action...
March 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322887/staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-data-from-the-prospective-instinct-cohort
#11
Insa Joost, Achim Kaasch, Christine Pausch, Gabriele Peyerl-Hoffmann, Christian Schneider, Reinhard E Voll, Harald Seifert, Winfried V Kern, Siegbert Rieg
OBJECTIVES: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are considered to be at increased risk of severe infections. We here describe the clinical characteristics, course and outcome of RA patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB). METHODS: We conducted a post hoc analysis of data from a German bi-center prospective SAB cohort study (period 2006-2014). Patients were followed-up for one year. Primary and secondary outcomes were survival time and osteoarticular infection (OAI)...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281328/implementation-of-evidence-based-practice-from-a-learning-perspective
#12
Per Nilsen, Margit Neher, Per-Erik Ellström, Benjamin Gardner
INTRODUCTION: For many nurses and other health care practitioners, implementing evidence-based practice (EBP) presents two interlinked challenges: acquisition of EBP skills and adoption of evidence-based interventions and abandonment of ingrained non-evidence-based practices. AIMS: The purpose of this study to describe two modes of learning and use these as lenses for analyzing the challenges of implementing EBP in health care. METHODS: The article is theoretical, drawing on learning and habit theory...
March 9, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279494/sustaining-immunity-during-starvation-in-bivalve-mollusc-a-costly-affair
#13
Elizabeth Mahapatra, Dishari Dasgupta, Navodipa Bhattacharya, Suvrotoa Mitra, Debakana Banerjee, Soumita Goswami, Nabanita Ghosh, Avijit Dey, Sudipta Chakraborty
Complete or partial depletion of resource in a freshwater habitat is a common phenomenon. As a consequence, aquatic fauna including bivalve molluscs may be exposed to dietary stress on a seasonal basis. Haemocyte based innate immune profile of the freshwater mollusc Lamellidens marginalis (Bivalvia: Eulamellibranchiata) was evaluated under starvation induced stress for a maximum period of 32 days in a controlled laboratory condition. During starvation, the bivalve haemocytes maintained a homeostasis in phagocytic efficacy and nitric oxide generation ability with respect to the control...
April 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271383/global-protein-expression-profile-response-of-planktonic-aeromonas-hydrophila-exposed-to-chlortetracycline
#14
Wanxin Li, Zujie Yao, Xiangyu Zhang, Fang Huang, Wenxiong Lin, Xiangmin Lin
The antibiotics resistance phenomena of Aeromonas hydrophila has become serious economic and public health problems for the world aquaculture industry and human health care. In this study, to investigate the instinct antibiotics adaptive mechanism of this pathogen, iTRAQ (Isobaric Tags for Relative and Absolute Quantitation) based quantitative proteomics technologies were performed to compare the differential expression of A. hydrophila in planktonic status in response to chlortetracycline (CTC) stress and then identified total 1552 proteins including 285 altered proteins with 90 increasing and 195 decreasing abundance proteins...
April 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266021/gingival-spheroids-possess-multilineage-differentiation-potential
#15
Rajasekaran Subbarayan, Dinesh Murugan Girija, Suresh Ranga Rao
Recently studies have demonstrated HGMSCs as ideal candidates for regenerative study. Interestingly we found that HGMSCs derived spheroids are more potent and maintain the properties of stemness convincingly compared to conventional culture methods. During the culture, GMSCs instinctively accumulated into spheroids and display multipotent STRO-1 and Vimentin-positive cells. Reduced phenotypic expression of CD73, CD105 and, elevated expression STRO-1 and CD-34. Pluripotent nature of S-GMSCs putatively shown the expression of OCT4A, NANOG, SOX-2, SSEA4, TRA-1-60, and TRA-181...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247936/uses-of-guilt-in-the-treatment-of-dehumanization
#16
Harvey Peskin
It is likely that under the impact of impending Nazism, aggression theory in late Freud, as presented in Civilization and its Discontents (1930), left the entirety of guilt to self-punishment, thus retracting his view that love functions in the superego as remorse and restitution. This change however, essentially withdraws provision for treating victims of abuse, violence and terror. This paper proposes a paradigm shift that reframes Freud's late instinct theory into a theory of dehumanization by recovering reparative and relational components of guilt...
April 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228378/professionals-should-act-on-instincts-if-they-suspect-child-abuse-nice-says
#17
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183015/synergistic-degradation-of-phenols-using-peroxymonosulfate-activated-by-cuo-co3o4-mno2-nanocatalyst
#18
Aimal Khan, Zhuwei Liao, Yong Liu, Ali Jawad, Jerosha Ifthikar, Zhuqi Chen
The development of transition metal based heterogeneous catalysts with efficient reactivity and intensive stability is of great demand in peroxymonosulfate based AOPs in water treatment. Herein, we present a novel approach of creating stable and effective nano-rod catalyst of CuCo@MnO2 with tetragonal structure. A remarkable synergetic effect was found between bi-metallic oxides of Cu and Co: 0.5%Cu-2%Co-MnO2 can efficiently degrade 100% of 30ppm phenol, while 0.5%Cu@MnO2 or 2%Co@MnO2 alone is apparently sluggish for the degradation of organic contaminants...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177062/critical-neuropsychobiological-analysis-of-panic-attack-and-anticipatory-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-rodents-confronted-with-snakes-in-polygonal-arenas-and-complex-labyrinths-a-comparison-to-the-elevated-plus-and-t-maze-behavioral-tests
#19
Norberto C Coimbra, Tatiana Paschoalin-Maurin, Gabriel S Bassi, Alexandre Kanashiro, Audrey F Biagioni, Tatiana T Felippotti, Daoud H Elias-Filho, Joyce Mendes-Gomes, Jade P Cysne-Coimbra, Rafael C Almada, Bruno Lobão-Soares
Objective: To compare prey and snake paradigms performed in complex environments to the elevated plus-maze (EPM) and T-maze (ETM) tests for the study of panic attack- and anticipatory anxiety-like behaviors in rodents. Methods: PubMed was reviewed in search of articles focusing on the plus maze test, EPM, and ETM, as well as on defensive behaviors displayed by threatened rodents. In addition, the authors' research with polygonal arenas and complex labyrinth (designed by the first author for confrontation between snakes and small rodents) was examined...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168697/the-death-instinct-and-the-mental-dimension-beyond-the-pleasure-principle-in-the-works-of-spielrein-and-freud
#20
Fátima Caropreso
In 'Destruction as Cause of Come-into-being', Spielrein argues for the need of postulating the existence of a death instinct in mental functioning. The idea that she thus anticipated the concept of death instinct Freud introduced in 1920 is often found in psychoanalytic literature. But the specific meaning of Spielrein's hypothesis is seldom discussed, as well as the extent to which she anticipated Freud's concept. In fact, there are important differences between their views. Besides, a closer analysis of Spielrein's text reveals other ideas that come close to fundamental aspects of Freud's theories from 1920 onwards, particularly the assumption of a more primordial mental functioning than the one regulated by the pleasure principle...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
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