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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228378/professionals-should-act-on-instincts-if-they-suspect-child-abuse-nice-says
#1
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183015/synergistic-degradation-of-phenols-using-peroxymonosulfate-activated-by-cuo-co3o4-mno2-nanocatalyst
#2
Aimal Khan, Zhuwei Liao, Yong Liu, Ali Jawad, Jerosha Ifthikar, Zhuqi Chen
The development of transition metal based heterogeneous catalysts with efficient reactivity and intensive stability is of great demand in peroxymonosulfate based AOPs in water treatment. Herein, we present a novel approach of creating stable and effective nano-rod catalyst of CuCo@MnO2 with tetragonal structure. A remarkable synergetic effect was found between bi-metallic oxides of Cu and Co: 0.5%Cu-2%Co-MnO2 can efficiently degrade 100% of 30ppm phenol, while 0.5%Cu@MnO2 or 2%Co@MnO2 alone is apparently sluggish for the degradation of organic contaminants...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177062/critical-neuropsychobiological-analysis-of-panic-attack-and-anticipatory-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-rodents-confronted-with-snakes-in-polygonal-arenas-and-complex-labyrinths-a-comparison-to-the-elevated-plus-and-t-maze-behavioral-tests
#3
Norberto C Coimbra, Tatiana Paschoalin-Maurin, Gabriel S Bassi, Alexandre Kanashiro, Audrey F Biagioni, Tatiana T Felippotti, Daoud H Elias-Filho, Joyce Mendes-Gomes, Jade P Cysne-Coimbra, Rafael C Almada, Bruno Lobão-Soares
Objective: To compare prey and snake paradigms performed in complex environments to the elevated plus-maze (EPM) and T-maze (ETM) tests for the study of panic attack- and anticipatory anxiety-like behaviors in rodents. Methods: PubMed was reviewed in search of articles focusing on the plus maze test, EPM, and ETM, as well as on defensive behaviors displayed by threatened rodents. In addition, the authors' research with polygonal arenas and complex labyrinth (designed by the first author for confrontation between snakes and small rodents) was examined...
February 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168697/the-death-instinct-and-the-mental-dimension-beyond-the-pleasure-principle-in-the-works-of-spielrein-and-freud
#4
Fátima Caropreso
In 'Destruction as Cause of Come-into-being', Spielrein argues for the need of postulating the existence of a death instinct in mental functioning. The idea that she thus anticipated the concept of death instinct Freud introduced in 1920 is often found in psychoanalytic literature. But the specific meaning of Spielrein's hypothesis is seldom discussed, as well as the extent to which she anticipated Freud's concept. In fact, there are important differences between their views. Besides, a closer analysis of Spielrein's text reveals other ideas that come close to fundamental aspects of Freud's theories from 1920 onwards, particularly the assumption of a more primordial mental functioning than the one regulated by the pleasure principle...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152997/factor-structure-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-connor-davidson-resilience-scale-in-a-new-employee-population-of-china
#5
Lei Wu, Yan Tan, Yan Liu
BACKGROUND: In order to find a suitable instrument to evaluate psychological resilience in Chinese new employee population, we intended to propose a possible factorial structure of Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Furthermore, we administered to explore its reliability and validity in the present population. METHODS: Participants were derived from the male new employees who had started working in the last 2-3 months from 12 machinery factories across 8 different provinces of China...
February 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132396/expert-knowledge-influences-decision-making-for-couples-receiving-positive-prenatal-chromosomal-microarray-testing-results
#6
M A Rubel, A Werner-Lin, F K Barg, B A Bernhardt
To assess how participants receiving abnormal prenatal genetic testing results seek information and understand the implications of results, 27 US female patients and 12 of their male partners receiving positive prenatal microarray testing results completed semi-structured phone interviews. These interviews documented participant experiences with chromosomal microarray testing, understanding of and emotional response to receiving results, factors affecting decision-making about testing and pregnancy termination, and psychosocial needs throughout the testing process...
January 28, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113592/visuomotor-entrainment-and-the-frequency-dependent-response-of-walking-balance-to-perturbations
#7
Jason R Franz, Carrie Francis, Matt Allen, Darryl G Thelen
Visuomotor entrainment, or the synchronization of motor responses to visual stimuli, is a naturally emergent phenomenon in human standing. Our purpose was to investigate the prevalence and resolution of visuomotor entrainment in walking and the frequency-dependent response of walking balance to perturbations. We used a virtual reality environment to manipulate optical flow in ten healthy young adults during treadmill walking. A motion capture system recorded trunk, sacrum, and heel marker trajectories during a series of 3-min conditions in which we perturbed a virtual hallway mediolaterally with systematic changes in the driving frequencies of perceived motion...
August 26, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110727/a-new-approach-to-early-diagnosis-of-congestive-heart-failure-disease-by-using-hilbert-huang-transform
#8
Gokhan Altan, Yakup Kutlu, Novruz Allahverdi
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a degree of cardiac disease occurring as a result of the heart's inability to pump enough blood for the human body. In recent studies, coronary artery disease (CAD) is accepted as the most important cause of CHF. This study focuses on the diagnosis of both the CHF and the CAD. The Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT), which is effective on non-linear and non-stationary signals, is used to extract the features from R-R intervals obtained from the raw electrocardiogram data. The statistical features are extracted from instinct mode functions that are obtained applying the HHT to R-R intervals...
December 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102260/neuroscience-how-to-turn-on-killer-instinct
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094611/-always-go-with-your-instincts
#10
(no author information available yet)
After qualifying as a registered nurse and sick children's nurse in the 1990s, Tracey Budding worked in variety of specialties, including orthopaedics, oncology and hospice care for adults and children, before specialising in neonatal care. She has been a modern matron on the neonatal unit at Birmingham Women's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust for 15 years. Ms Budding received the RCN Award of Merit for outstanding contribution and service to RCN members.
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093053/examiner-s-experience-and-the-outcome-interpretation-of-icdas-and-nyvad-s-system-a-prospective-in-vitro-study
#11
Vinicius Krieger Costa Nogueira, Diego Girotto Bussaneli, Elaine Pereira Da Silva Tagliaferro, Rubens Spin-Neto, Alfonso Escobar, Rita De Cássia Loiola Cordeiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, prospectively, the influence of examiner's experience in interpreting and applying the caries detection systems ICDAS (IC) and Nyvad (NY). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve second-year undergraduate dental students (UG) and 12 postgraduates (PG) MSc level analysed and codified 77 clinical dental caries photographs at three different moments: initially, without any training; after one week of receiving training through a theoretical class; and after two years...
January 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028126/susan-lindquist-visionary-scientist-and-peerless-mentor
#12
Brooke J Bevis
The science universe is dimmer after one of our brightest stars, Susan Lee Lindquist, was taken by cancer on October 27, 2016. Sue was an innovative, creative, out-of-the-box scientific thinker. She had unique biological intuition-an instinct for both the way things worked and the right questions to ask to uncover new research insights. Her wide-ranging career began with the study of protein folding and molecular chaperones, and she went on to show that protein folding can have profound and unexpected biological effects on such diverse processes as cancer, evolution, and neurodegenerative disease...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017826/determining-vancomycin-etest-mics-in-patients-with-mrsa-bloodstream-infection-does-not-support-switching-antimicrobials
#13
Nina J Hos, Nathalie Jazmati, Danuta Stefanik, Martin Hellmich, Halil AlSael, Winfried V Kern, Siegbert Rieg, Hilmar Wisplinghoff, Harald Seifert, Achim J Kaasch
OBJECTIVES: Elevated vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) have been reported to adversely affect clinical outcome in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bloodstream infection (BSI). We therefore examined the association between vancomycin MIC and outcome considering various potential confounders. METHODS: Clinical data and bacterial isolates were prospectively collected from patients with MRSA BSI from 2006 to 2012 as part of the Invasive Staphylococcus aureus Infection Cohort (INSTINCT) study...
March 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000582/seasonality-of-tuberculosis-in-israel-2001-2011
#14
I Margalit, C Block, Z Mor
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) varies with the seasons. OBJECTIVE: To determine the seasonality of TB in Israel and to explore possible associations with climatic variables. METHODS: Laboratory-confirmed TB cases reported between 2001 and 2011 in individuals resident in Israel for at least 1 year before diagnosis were included in the study. Climatic variables included average temperature and average ultraviolet radiation...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996189/-canaries-in-the-mine-parents-of-adult-children-with-schizophrenia-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Debra Klages, Kim Usher, Debra Jackson
The purpose of this integrative review was to evaluate the current state of knowledge of parents who have adult children diagnosed with schizophrenia and their relationship with mental health professionals. Findings indicated that parents (primarily mothers) believed they intuitively knew when their adult children were becoming unwell and that they doggedly pursued connections with mental health care providers. Five themes were evident in the literature: trusting your instincts, feeling dismissed and devalued, making connections and making concessions, living with distress and sorrow, and becoming your own health-care provider...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989078/intravenous-recombinant-tissue-plasminogen-activator-therapy-for-acute-basilar-artery-ischemic-stroke-following-transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#16
Nicholas J Montarello, Adam J Nelson, Samuel L Sidharta, Stephen G Worthley
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) can now be considered a standard of care for inoperable and high-risk surgical patients with severe aortic stenosis, and its uptake worldwide is rapidly increasing. Indeed, many centers performing the procedure have now moved towards treating intermediate-risk patients with TAVI rather than referring them for surgical aortic valve replacement. Although the incidence of peri-procedural acute and subacute stroke following TAVI has fallen to 2-5%, its occurrence can be life-threatening and life-changing, and every effort must be made to improve patient outcome should stroke occur...
January 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931332/seasonality-of-tuberculosis-in-israel-20012011
#17
I Margalit, C Block, Z Mor
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) varies with the seasons. OBJECTIVE: To determine the seasonality of TB in Israel and to explore possible associations with climatic variables. METHODS: Laboratory-confirmed TB cases reported between 2001 and 2011 in individuals resident in Israel for at least 1 year before diagnosis were included in the study. Climatic variables included average temperature and average ultraviolet radiation...
December 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906515/development-evolving-the-origins-and-meanings-of-instinct
#18
REVIEW
Mark S Blumberg
How do migratory birds, herding dogs, and navigating sea turtles do the amazing things that they do? For hundreds of years, scientists and philosophers have struggled over possible explanations. In time, one word came to dominate the discussion: instinct. It became the catch-all explanation for those adaptive and complex abilities that do not obviously result from learning or experience. Today, various animals are said to possess a survival instinct, migratory instinct, herding instinct, maternal instinct, or language instinct...
January 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903725/hippocampal-damage-increases-deontological-responses-during-moral-decision-making
#19
Cornelia McCormick, Clive R Rosenthal, Thomas D Miller, Eleanor A Maguire
: Complex moral decision making is associated with the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) in humans, and damage to this region significantly increases the frequency of utilitarian judgments. Since the vmPFC has strong anatomical and functional links with the hippocampus, here we asked how patients with selective bilateral hippocampal damage would derive moral decisions on a classic moral dilemmas paradigm. We found that the patients approved of the utilitarian options significantly less often than control participants, favoring instead deontological responses-rejecting actions that harm even one person...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895558/physics-of-the-mind
#20
Leonid I Perlovsky
Is it possible to turn psychology into "hard science"? Physics of the mind follows the fundamental methodology of physics in all areas where physics have been developed. What is common among Newtonian mechanics, statistical physics, quantum physics, thermodynamics, theory of relativity, astrophysics… and a theory of superstrings? The common among all areas of physics is a methodology of physics discussed in the first few lines of the paper. Is physics of the mind possible? Is it possible to describe the mind based on the few first principles as physics does? The mind with its variabilities and uncertainties, the mind from perception and elementary cognition to emotions and abstract ideas, to high cognition...
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
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