Read by QxMD icon Read


Luenda E Charles, Claudia C Ma, Cecil M Burchfiel, Renguang G Dong
Background: According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) accounted for 32% of all nonfatal injury and illness cases in 2014 among full-time workers. Our objective was to review and summarize the evidence linking occupational exposures to vibration and awkward posture with MSDs of the shoulder and neck. Methods: A literature search was conducted using the terms musculoskeletal disorders, vibration, and awkward posture. All types of observational epidemiologic studies, with the exception of case reports, published during 1998-2015 were included...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
F Azizoğlu, A Köse, H Gül
AIM: This study investigated the occupational health risk factors among nurses who work in public hospital surgical units. BACKGROUND: Nursing has a significant place in healthcare systems around the world. Surgical units are environments with certain risks, especially because of the possibility of exposure to various chemical, biologic or physical hazards. METHODS: This study was conducted with 229 nurses who were working in the 11 surgery units of a big university hospital...
June 21, 2018: International Nursing Review
Torur Dalsgaard, Morten D Jensen, Dorthe Hartwell, Berit J Mosgaard, Annemette Jørgensen, Bente R Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To study musculoskeletal workload in experienced surgeons during laparoscopic surgery (LS) compared with robotic assisted laparoscopy (RALS). BACKGROUND: 70-90% of surgeons who regularly perform LS report musculoskeletal symptoms, mainly in neck and shoulders. Data regarding the potential ergonomic benefits of RALS in a clinical setting is very limited. METHODS: Twelve surgeons with advanced experience in both LS and RALS each performed 2 hysterectomies on the same day...
June 19, 2018: Annals of Surgery
Leena Rantala, Eeva Sala, Elina Kankare
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between voice and working postures used during teaching. METHODS: A researcher assessed 30 teachers' typical working postures of the torso, head, shoulders, upper back, and arms by observing and/or asking questions about them. Teachers' options to rest and to adjust furniture according to their needs were also elicited. Voice symptoms were evaluated through 2 self-assessment forms. Fundamental frequency, sound pressure level (SPL), and alpha ratio were calculated from voice samples recorded before, during, and after teaching...
June 19, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Serkan Pekçetin, Sevgi Özdinç, Hilal Ata, Hilal Başak Can, Koray Elter
This study investigated the effect of telephone-supported ergonomic education on pregnancy-related low back pain. This study was performed at Trakya University Hospital in Edirne, Turkey between December 15, 2016 and April 4, 2017. One hundred ten pregnant women were included in the study and randomly assigned to one of two groups. Sixty pregnant women received one face-to-face session of ergonomic education followed by three weekly sessions of telephone-supported ergonomic education (intervention group). Fifty pregnant women received only one session of standard face-to-face ergonomic education...
June 19, 2018: Women & Health
Manish Singla, Ryan M Kwok, Gjorgi Deriban, Patrick E Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Klaus Felix Stein, Adriana Miclescu
Background In recent years, multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR) became an alternative treatment option for chronic non-cancer pain. MDR is mostly available in specialized pain units, usually at rehabilitation centers where the level of knowledge and therapeutically options to treat pain conditions are considered to be high. There is strong evidence that MDR in specialized pain units is affecting pain and improves the quality of life in a sustainable manner. There are few studies about MDR outcome in primary health care, especially in those units situated in rural areas and with a different population than that encountered in specialized hospitals...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Kazuyuki Iwakiri, Midori Sotoyama, Masaya Takahashi, Xinxin Liu, Shigeki Koda, Kiyoshi Ichikawa
Many care workers at elderly care facilities in Japan suffer occupational low back pain (LBP) despite the utilization of welfare equipment. When introducing welfare equipment such as hoists and sliding boards, education on appropriate care methods using welfare equipment is usually conducted, but the effect of education diminishes with time. This intervention study aimed to examine the effect of re-education on appropriate care methods using welfare equipment on the prevention of care workers' LBP at an elderly care facility...
June 15, 2018: Industrial Health
Tarcisio F de Campos, Chris G Maher, Daniel Steffens, Joel T Fuller, Mark J Hancock
QUESTION: What is the effectiveness of interventions that aim to prevent a new episode of neck pain? DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised, controlled trials. PARTICIPANTS: People without neck pain at study entry. INTERVENTION: Any intervention aiming to prevent a future episode of neck pain. OUTCOME MEASURES: New episode of neck pain. RESULTS: Five trials including a total of 3852 individuals met the inclusion criteria...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
Michael A Chang, Jeffrey Mitchell, Syed M Abbas Fehmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: VideoGIE: an official video journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Michael A Chang, Jeffrey Mitchell, Syed M Abbas Fehmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: VideoGIE: an official video journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Michael A Chang, Jeffrey Mitchell, Syed M Abbas Fehmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: VideoGIE: an official video journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Camille Roussel, Sylvain Monnier, Michael Dussiot, Elisabeth Farcy, Olivier Hermine, Caroline Le Van Kim, Yves Colin, Matthieu Piel, Pascal Amireault, Pierre A Buffet
Red blood cells (RBC) ability to circulate is closely related to their surface area-to-volume ratio. A decrease in this ratio induces a decrease in RBC deformability that can lead to their retention and elimination in the spleen. We recently showed that a subpopulation of "small RBC" with reduced projected surface area accumulated upon storage in blood bank concentrates, but data on the volume of these altered RBC are lacking. So far, single cell measurement of RBC volume has remained a challenging task achieved by a few sophisticated methods some being subject to potential artifacts...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Pravin Salunke
The C1-2 joint is unique and is responsible for more than 50% of the neck rotation. The joints have an ergonomic design that allows maximum motion without getting dislocated. It provides six degrees of freedom, the maximum being axial rotation, and is a marvel of nature's engineering. The morphometry of lateral masses of C1 and C2 joints was analyzed to explain the possible movements despite minor variations. The normal morphometry was compared with the joints of individuals with congenital atlantoaxial dislocation...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health. Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Judd H Fastenberg, Christina H Fang, Nadeem A Akbar, Waleed M Abuzeid, Howard S Moskowitz
INTRODUCTION: The development of portable, high resolution video displays such as video glasses allows clinicians the opportunity to offer patients an increased ability to visualize aspects of their physical examination in an ergonomic and cost-effective manner. The objective of this pilot study is to trial the use of video glasses for patients undergoing binocular microscopy as well as to better understand some of the potential benefits of the enhanced display option. METHODS: This study was comprised of a single treatment group...
June 6, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Ivan Dolezal, Lubos Hes, Kausik Bal
Measurement of the thermal resistance of polymer sheets and fibrous layers is important in various applications including those within the engineering, ergonomics, clothing design and personal protective equipment fields. Standard methods of measurement of the thermal resistance of plain materials are generally time consuming, expensive and often require the sample to be cut. Moreover, the temperature difference between the surfaces of both plates surrounding the sample must be known, as well as the sample thickness...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Chelsea D'Silva, Pierre Côté, Bernadette Murphy, Caroline Barakat-Haddad
BACKGROUND: Laptop computer use may lead to the development of health problems. However, few methods exist to measure laptop use in undergraduate students. OBJECTIVES: To develop a web-based questionnaire to measure ergonomic exposures to laptop use and to test the feasibility of administration in university students. METHODS: We pilot tested the administration of the Student Laptop Use and Musculoskeletal Posture (SLUMP) questionnaire to 44 second year undergraduate students...
June 5, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Krishnakumar Thankappan, Subramania Iyer
Robotic surgery has been successfully used for many surgical indications in head and neck surgery. Robotic thyroidectomy is getting accepted worldwide, but the majority of the literature is from South Korea. The purpose of the paper is to review and give a personal perspective on how a robotic thyroidectomy program was initiated in a tertiary care academic medical institution in India. Advantages of robotic approaches are the three-dimensional visualization, precision, dexterity, and surgeon ergonomics. Cost is an important concern...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Xueke Wang, Steven Bigelow, Kelly E Seagren, Alaina K Preddie, Zimei Wang, Ardiyanto Ardiyanto, W Gary Allread, Steven A Lavender
Floor mats are commonplace in commercial buildings, particularly in entry ways. These mats are routinely handled by delivery personnel as the mats are picked up for cleaning and clean mats are deployed. A new two-part mat design, which eliminates the need to move the rubber base during mat change operations, was hypothesized to reduce the physical demands on delivery personnel. Electromyographic data from back and shoulder muscles and spinal kinematics were obtained as 12 volunteers simulated mat selection, mat deployment, and mat pick-up tasks...
October 2018: Applied Ergonomics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"