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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729900/unravelling-functional-neurology-a-scoping-review-of-theories-and-clinical-applications-in-a-context-of-chiropractic-manual-therapy
#1
REVIEW
Anne-Laure Meyer, Amanda Meyer, Sarah Etherington, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Functional Neurology (FN), a seemingly attractive treatment approach used by some chiropractors, proposes to have an effect on a multitude of conditions but some of its concepts are controversial. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: A scoping review was performed to describe, in the context of chiropractic manual therapy, 1) the FN theories, and 2) its clinical applications (i.e. its indications, examination procedures, treatment modalities, treatment plans, and clinical outcomes) using four sources: i) one key textbook, ii) the scientific peer-reviewed literature, iii) websites from chiropractors using FN, and iv) semi-structured interviews of chiropractors using FN...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728715/robotic-lobectomy-and-segmentectomy-technical-details-and-results
#2
REVIEW
Benjamin Wei, Robert J Cerfolio
Robotic-assisted pulmonary lobectomy can be considered for patients fit for conventional lobectomy. Contraindications include prohibitive lung function or medical comorbidities, multistation N2, gross N2 disease, or evidence of N3 disease. Team training, familiarity with equipment, troubleshooting, and preparation are critical for successful robotic lobectomy. Similar to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy, robotic lobectomy is associated with decreased blood loss, blood transfusion, air leak, chest tube duration, duration of stay, and mortality compared with thoracotomy...
August 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727627/associations-of-organizational-safety-practices-and-culture-with-physical-workload-perceptions-about-work-and-work-related-injury-and-symptoms-among-hospital-nurses
#3
Soo-Jeong Lee, Joung Hee Lee
OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to examine the relationships of organizational safety practices with nurses' perceptions about job and risk and experiences of work-related injury and symptoms. BACKGROUND: Nursing professions report high rates of work-related injuries. Organizational safety practices have been linked to workers' safety outcomes and perceptions about work. METHODS: This study analyzed data from a random sample of 280 California RNs in a cross-sectional statewide survey...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725172/an-original-and-effective-technique-to-improve-exposure-in-open-surgery
#4
E Nohuz, G Chêne
BACKGROUND: Exposure, especially when the organs are enlarged, remains one of the most important issue in open surgery. Considering this constraint appears critical in the progress of the surgical procedure. We highlight our technique which affords optimal exposure and improves manipulation and extraction of enlarged organs. RESULTS: This original and effective technique is derived from an obstetrical device used to perform an assisted vaginal delivery. It improves exposure, reduces tissue manipulation, and enhances removal of the surgical specimen during hysterectomies and myomectomies...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720184/human-performance-time-model-of-spacecraft-control-panel-operation-in-simulated-microgravity
#5
Shi Cao, Yijing Zhang, Yunhuan Guo, Shanguang Chen
BACKGROUND: Human performance modeling plays an important role in the design and management of human spaceflight missions. Previous studies reported that manual control task time increased in microgravity conditions. The current study aimed to find a modeling method that can quantify and predict the task time of spacecraft control panel operation in the simulated microgravity condition. METHODS: We proposed the application of a predetermined elemental task method together with an information processing time model to quantify both physical motion time and cognitive time...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713718/ergonomics-and-biogeometry-of-perforator-propeller-flaps-in-the-lower-limb-reconstruction
#6
Mir Yasir, Adil Hafeez Wani, Haroon Rashid Zargar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705690/color-weight-photometry
#7
Jan Koenderink, Andrea Van Doorn, Karl Gegenfurtner
We study the "color weight" for a number of rather different paradigms. In well researched heterochromatic photometry methods we find that the "weights" determined by settings of naive observers are closely determined by the CIE luminance functional. This is very different for tasks that involve mid- and high-level aspects of perception. In several cases we find equipollence for the display red, green and blue channels. Moreover, in such cases the very nonlinear maximum-rule fits the data rather better than a linear functional...
July 10, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705042/musculoskeletal-injuries-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopists-a-systematic-review
#8
Diana E Yung, Tommaso Banfi, Gastone Ciuti, Alberto Arezzo, Paolo Dario, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal(GI) endoscopy forms a significant proportion of clinicians' workloads. However, little attention is given to the ergonomic aspects of endoscopy. This systematic review of musculoskeletal pain and/or injuries in GI endoscopists aims to better understand the types of occupational injuries resulting from endoscopic procedures and associated risk factors. Areas covered: Systematic literature search conducted for articles evaluating prevalence, risk factors and mechanism of musculoskeletal pain and/or injuries related to GI endoscopy...
July 14, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702699/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-amongst-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-trainees-in-east-midland-region-of-the-uk
#9
Kubra Arslan Okuyucu, Yadava Jeve, Angie Doshani
PURPOSE: Work-related musculoskeletal injuries (WRMSI) have been well known amongst obstetrics and gynaecology (O&G) practitioners, but limited data have been reported. Our aim is to determine the prevalence, severity and characteristics of WRMSI amongst O&G trainees. METHODS: A musculoskeletal ergonomic survey was conducted amongst the O&G trainees in the East-Midlands region of United Kingdom (UK). The survey comprised of demographic details, year of training, previous manual handling training, any work-related orthopaedic injury, the type of injury, any treatment received in addition to any sick leave incurred after the injury were also documented...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697704/radio-gaga-intra-team-communication-of-australian-rules-football-umpires-effect-of-radio-communication-on-content-structure-and-frequency
#10
Timothy J Neville, Paul M Salmon, Gemma J M Read
Intra-team communication plays an important role in team effectiveness in various domains including sport. As such, it is a key consideration when introducing new tools within systems that utilise teams. The difference in intra-team communication of Australian Rules Football (AFL) umpiring teams was studied when umpiring with or without radio communications technology. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted to analyse the verbal communication of seven umpiring teams (20 participants) grouped according to their experience with radio communication...
July 12, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697645/biomechanical-investigation-of-prolonged-driving-in-an-ergonomically-designed-truck-seat-prototype
#11
Michelle Cardoso, Colin McKinnon, Dan Viggiani, Michel J Johnson, Jack P Callaghan, Wayne J Albert
A postural evaluation during a prolonged driving task was conducted to determine the ergonomic validity of a new freely adjustable truck seat prototype. Twenty participants were recruited to perform two 2-hour simulated driving sessions. Postures were assessed using motion capture, accelerometers and pressure pads. Subjective discomfort was also monitored in 15-minute increments using ratings of perceived discomfort (RPD) and the automotive seating discomfort questionnaire (ASDQ). Participants had a more neutral spine posture during the first hour of the drive and reported lower RPDs while sitting in the prototype...
July 11, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695479/initial-experience-using-a-robotic-driven-laparoscopic-needle-holder-with-ergonomic-handle-assessment-of-surgeons-task-performance-and-ergonomics
#12
Juan A Sánchez-Margallo, Francisco M Sánchez-Margallo
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to assess the surgeons' performance and ergonomics during the use of a robotic-driven needle holder in laparoscopic suturing tasks. METHODS: Six right-handed laparoscopic surgeons with different levels of experience took part in this study. Participants performed a set of three different intracorporeal suturing tasks organized in ten trials during a period of five weeks. Surgeons used both conventional (Conv) and robotic (Rob) laparoscopic needle holders...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691592/reduction-of-sleep-deprivation-and-fatigue-in-mass-transit-rail-operators
#13
Ajeenah L Haynes
Sleep and work schedules differ considerably between rail workers and the broader U.S. workforce. Due to extended work hours and night shift schedules, train and engine service workers who operate passenger trains or move freight are most vulnerable to fatigue. This article addresses the need for comprehensive fatigue risk management systems (FRMS) for rail operators. Using a transactional ergonomic perspective, FRMS are discussed with a focus on fatigue education and administrative controls to reduce feelings of tiredness, low motivation, poor concentration, and low physical activity among mass transit rail operators...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686750/magnification-for-the-dermatologic-surgeon
#14
Hubert M Chodkiewicz, Aaron K Joseph
Ergonomic practice increases the productivity, quality, and longevity of the dermatologic surgeon. When used properly, magnification devices can be ergonomic and beneficial additions to the dermatologic surgeon's practice. Herein, we review the available magnification options for the dermatologic surgeon and evaluate the options based on cost, design, and functional advantages and disadvantages. Magnification for the dermatologic surgeon may be a useful tool for a healthier, more efficient, and higher-quality practice...
June 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682155/community-health-integration-through-pharmacy-process-and-ergonomics-redesign-chipper
#15
Michelle A Jahn, Barrett S Caldwell
As the expansion and utilization of community pharmacy systems increases, so does the risk for an adverse drug event to occur. In attempts to mitigate this risk, many community pharmacies implement health information technology (IT); however, there are challenges in integrating the wider systems components necessary for a successful implementation with minimal unintended consequences. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a Community Health Integration through Pharmacy Process and Ergonomics Redesign (CHIPPER) framework, which explores the multiple angles of health IT integration to support medication delivery processes in community pharmacy systems...
July 6, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679450/constrained-posture-in-dentistry-a-kinematic-analysis-of-dentists
#16
Daniela Ohlendorf, Christina Erbe, Jennifer Nowak, Imke Hauck, Ingo Hermanns, Dirk Ditchen, Rolf Ellegast, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: How a dentist works, such as the patterns of movements performed daily, is also largely affected by the workstation Dental tasks are often executed in awkward body positions, thereby causing a very high degree of strain on the corresponding muscles. The objective of this study is to detect those dental tasks, during which awkward postures occur most frequently. The isolated analysis of static postures will examine the duration for which these postures are maintained during the corresponding dental, respectively non-dental, activities...
July 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675233/integrated-sudomotor-axon-reflex-sweat-stimulation-for-continuous-sweat-analyte-analysis-with-individuals-at-rest
#17
Zachary Sonner, Eliza Wilder, Trudy Gaillard, Gerald Kasting, Jason Heikenfeld
Eccrine sweat has rapidly emerged as a non-invasive, ergonomic, and rich source of chemical analytes with numerous technological demonstrations now showing the ability for continuous electrochemical sensing. However, beyond active perspirers (athletes, workers, etc.), continuous sweat access in individuals at rest has hindered the advancement of both sweat sensing science and technology. Reported here is integration of sudomotor axon reflex sweat stimulation for continuous wearable sweat analyte analysis, including the ability for side-by-side integration of chemical stimulants & sensors without cross-contamination...
July 4, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672056/surgical-complications-of-laparoendoscopic-single-site-donor-nephrectomy-a-retrospective-study
#18
John C LaMattina, Jessica M Powell, Nadiesda A Costa, David B Leeser, Silke V Niederhaus, Jonathan S Bromberg, Josue Alvarez-Casas, Michael S Phelan, Rolf N Barth
The single port approach has been associated with an unacceptably high rate of umbilical port hernias in large series of patients undergoing single port cholecystectomy and colectomy and with additional surgical risks thought secondary to technical and ergonomic limitations. A retrospective review of 378 consecutive laparoendoscopic single site donor nephrectomies performed between 04/15/2009 and 04/09/2014 was conducted. 12 patients (3%) developed an umbilical hernia. 11 (92%) were female and 8 (73%) of these patients had a prior pregnancy...
July 3, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670457/hazards-and-health-problems-in-occupations-dominated-by-aged-workers-in-south-korea
#19
Jungsun Park, Soo Geun Kim, Jong-Shik Park, Boyoung Han, Kab Bae Kim, Yangho Kim
BACKGROUND: South Korea's population is aging more rapidly than any other country. Aging of the productive population will lead to shortage of labor and the decreasing quality of the labor force in South Korea. South Korea needs health care strategies to support the establishment of work environments that are appropriate for elderly workers who have reduced physical capacity. This paper aims to identify occupations that are dominated by aged workers and assess the exposure to hazards and work-related health problems of aged workers in these occupations...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670410/a-multidisciplinary-workplace-intervention-for-chronic-low-back-pain-among-nursing-assistants-in-iran
#20
Sarallah Shojaei, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi, Joan Wagner
STUDY DESIGN: Interventional research with a 6-month follow-up period. PURPOSE: We aimed to establish the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary workplace intervention on reduction of work-related low back pain (WRLBP), using ergonomic posture training coupled with an educational program based on social cognitive theory. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: WRLBP is a major occupational problem among healthcare workers, who are often required to lift heavy loads...
June 2017: Asian Spine Journal
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