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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036866/the-prevalence-of-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-iran-a-meta-analysis-study
#1
Ayub Parno, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Mohsen Parno, Mohammad Khandan, Mohsen Poursadeghiyan, Maryam Maghsoudipour, Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WRMSDs) is crucial as they jeopardize the well-being of the workforce in workplaces and are prevalent in developed and developing countries. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of WRMSDs among Iranian workers. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of WRMSDs in Iran was performed by searching relevant keywords in authentic databases and search engines such as SID, Google Scholar, Medlib and PubMed...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035401/skydiving-and-the-risk-of-cervical-disc-herniation
#2
Ayşe Coşkun Beyan, Yücel Demiral, Banu Dilek, Nur Şafak Alici, Cem Bediz, Arif Çimrin
The skydiving/parachuting sport which has recently gained popularity is also known for its accidents and injuries. However, there are a few studies related to its occupational ergonomic risks and occupational musculoskeletal diseases. It has been reported that the sudden hyperextension of the neck during the parachute opening, so called opening shock results in neck pain. It has been found that the jumpers are subjected to an average deceleration of 3-5 times the earth's gravitational acceleration (3-5 G) during parachute opening shock...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032252/a-comparison-of-industry-leading-energy-devices-for-use-in-gynecologic-laparoscopy-articulating-enseal-versus-ligasure-energy-devices
#3
Linda-Dalal J Shiber, Daniel N Ginn, Ambareen Jan, Jeremy T Gaskins, Shan M Biscette, Resad Pasic
OBJECTIVE: To compare two laparoscopic bipolar electrosurgical devices used in total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH). An articulating advanced bipolar device (ENSEAL® G2, Ethicon) and an electrothermal bipolar vessel sealer (LigasureTM, Covidien) were analyzed for difference in surgeon perception of ease of instrument use and workload using the raw-Task Load Index (RTLX) scale. Secondarily, differences in operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), and perioperative complication rates between the two devices were examined...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026520/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-sustained-by-australian-osteopaths-qualitative-analysis-of-effects-on-practitioner-health-clinical-practice-and-patient-care
#4
Gopi Anne McLeod, Katerina Annels, Jessica Cohen, Samuel Edwards, Daniel Hodgins, Brett Vaughan
BACKGROUND: There is limited literature that explores the experiences of osteopaths injured while engaging in clinical practice. Evidence from other similar health professions has described the numerous effects of work-related musculoskeletal injuries (WRMI). Work-related musculoskeletal injury refers to trauma to joints, ligaments, muscles and tendons resulting from injury sustained while undertaking work duties. This research aimed to gain a contextualised understanding of the experiences of osteopaths who have sustained a work-related musculoskeletal injury while performing clinical practice...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024794/brain-computer-interface-with-the-p300-speller-usability-for-disabled-people-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#5
Violaine Guy, Marie-Hélène Soriani, Mariane Bruno, Théodore Papadopoulo, Claude Desnuelle, Maureen Clerc
OBJECTIVES: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a progressive neurodegenerative disease, restricts patients' communication capacity a few years after onset. A proof-of-concept of brain-computer interface (BCI) has shown promise in ALS and "locked-in" patients, mostly in pre-clinical studies or with only a few patients, but performance was estimated not high enough to support adoption by people with physical limitation of speech. Here, we evaluated a visual BCI device in a clinical study to determine whether disabled people with multiple deficiencies related to ALS would be able to use BCI to communicate in a daily environment...
October 9, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024005/functional-limitations-among-responders-to-the-world-trade-center-attacks-14-years-after-the-disaster-implications-of-chronic-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#6
Sean A P Clouston, Jack M Guralnik, Roman Kotov, Evelyn J Bromet, Benjamin J Luft
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with self-reported difficulties navigating the social and physical world and may also be associated with risk of functional limitations. The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), an objective functional assessment, was administered during monitoring exams between January and December 2015 to a consecutive sample of 1,268 rescue workers, volunteers, and other responders who had aided in response, recovery, and cleanup efforts at the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York after the September 11, 2011 attacks...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022368/the-impact-of-environmental-design-on-teamwork-and-communication-in-healthcare-facilities-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
Arsalan Gharaveis, D Kirk Hamilton, Debajyoti Pati
The purpose of this systematic review is to investigate the current knowledge about the impact of healthcare facility design on teamwork and communication by exploring the relevant literature. Teamwork and communication are behavioral factors that are impacted by physical design. However, the effects of environmental factors on teamwork and communication have not been investigated extensively in healthcare design literature. There are no published systematic reviews on the current topic. Searches were conducted in PubMed and Google Scholar databases in addition to targeted design journals including Health Environmental Research & Design, Environment and Behavior, Environmental Psychology, and Applied Ergonomics...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019350/influenece-of-the-cprmeter-on-angular-position-of-elbows-and-generated-forces-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#8
Karolina Kopacz, Magdalena Fronczek-Wojciechowska, Anna Jaźwińska, Gianluca Padula, Dariusz Nowak, Tomasz Gaszyński
OBJECTIVES: It is commonly known that ergonomics in emergency medical services (EMS) is very important. Emergency medical services workers are exposed to different conditions and they should perform a variety of tasks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of the work has been to analyze the angular position of elbows and forces generated by the upper limbs during cardiopulmonary resuscitation with and without the CPRmeter based on feedback technology. Ten male paramedics and 10 male non-paramedics, in a kneeling position, performed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on an Ambu Megacode manikin placed on the ground...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017780/using-theta-and-alpha-band-power-to-assess-cognitive-workload-in-multitasking-environments
#9
Sébastien Puma, Nadine Matton, Pierre-V Paubel, Éric Raufaste, Radouane El-Yagoubi
Cognitive workload is of central importance in the fields of human factors and ergonomics. A reliable measurement of cognitive workload could allow for improvements in human machine interface designs and increase safety in several domains. At present, numerous studies have used electroencephalography (EEG) to assess cognitive workload, reporting the rise in cognitive workload to be associated with increases in theta band power and decreases in alpha band power. However, results have been inconsistent with some failing to reach the required level of significance...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993571/job-safety-analysis-and-hazard-identification-for-work-accident-prevention-in-para-rubber-wood-sawmills-in-southern-thailand
#10
Phayong Thepaksorn, Supawan Thongjerm, Salee Incharoen, Wattasit Siriwong, Kouji Harada, Akio Koizumi
OBJECTIVE: We utilized job safety analysis (JSA) and hazard identification for work accident prevention in Para rubber wood sawmills, which aimed to investigate occupational health risk exposures and assess the health hazards at sawmills in the Trang Province, located in southern Thailand. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study which included a walk-through survey, JSA, occupational risk assessment, and environmental samplings from March through September 2015 at four Para rubber wood sawmills...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989889/sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitor-use-a-pharmaco-ergonomic-qualification-tool
#11
REVIEW
Sanjay Kalra, A G Unnikrishnan, Manash Baruah, Pallavi Kawatra, Jignesh Ved
Pharmaco-ergonomics implies tailoring the drug therapy to an individual patient's requirement(s). The development of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2-i) agents has impelled multiple clinical considerations, in the management of type-2 diabetes. This paper attempts to summarize the pharmaco-ergonomic considerations for these agents, in the form of an SGLT2-i qualification tool, based on a clinical score. This tool may serve as a simple and inexpensive practical guide, to optimize the risk-benefit considerations for SGLT2-i agents...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983490/review-of-recent-progress-toward-a-fiberless-whole-scalp-diffuse-optical-tomography-system
#12
REVIEW
Hubin Zhao, Robert J Cooper
The development of a whole-scalp, high sampling-density diffuse optical tomography (DOT) system is a critical next step in the evolution of the field of diffuse optics. To achieve this with optical fiber bundles is extremely challenging, simply because of the sheer number of bundles required, and the associated challenges of weight and ergonomics. Dispensing with optical fiber bundles and moving to head-mounted optoelectronics can potentially facilitate the advent of a new generation of wearable, whole-scalp technologies that will open up a range of new experimental and clinical applications for diffuse optical measurements...
January 2018: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980878/operational-leeway-in-the-work-situations-do-ergonomic-risk-assessment-tools-consider-operational-leeway-for-job-analysis
#13
Maxime Norval, Mohsen Zare, René Brunet, Fabien Coutarel, Yves Roquelaure
Our study shows that information on operational leeway is limited in the originator articles of the ergonomic risk assessment tools for prevention of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). The tools' underlying theoretical models do not consider the indicators of operational leeway, and they cannot determine the sufficiency of the situational operational leeway in a work situation. Consequently, regulation of the activity, which ensures the performance goals and the individual's health, has been overlooked. The lack of literature on the indicators of situational operational leeway is one of the reasons for this deficit...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980750/computer-vision-syndrome-and-ergonomic-practices-among-undergraduate-university-students
#14
Lizette Mowatt, Carron Gordon, Arvind Babu Rajendra Santosh, Thaon Jones
AIM: To determine the prevalence of computer vision syndrome (CVS) and ergonomic practices among students in the Faculty of Medical Sciences at The University of the West Indies (UWI), Jamaica. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was done with a self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Four hundred and nine students participated; 78% were females. The mean age was 21.6 years. Neck pain (75.1%), eye strain (67%), shoulder pain (65.5%) and eye burn (61...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980365/technical-rationality-and-the-decentring-of-patients-and-care-delivery-a-critique-of-unavoidable-in-the-context-of-patient-harm
#15
Marie Hutchinson, Debra Jackson, Stacey Wilson
In recent decades, debate on the quality and safety of healthcare has been dominated by a measure and manage administrative rationality. More recently, this rationality has been overlaid by ideas from human factors, ergonomics and systems engineering. Little critical attention has been given in the nursing literature to how risk of harm is understood and actioned, or how patients can be subjectified and marginalised through these discourses. The problem of assuring safety for particular patient groups, and the dominance of technical forms of rationality, has seen the word 'unavoidable' used in connection with intractable forms of patient harm...
October 4, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976885/the-examination-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-discomforts-and-risk-factors-in-veterinarians
#16
Mesut Ergan, Ferdi Başkurt, Zeliha Başkurt
This study aimed to determine the frequency of work-related musculoskeletal discomforts (WMSDs) observed in veterinarians and the risk factors that may bring about these. Two hundred and seven veterinarians working in three provinces in south west Turkey were included in the study. The demographic and occupational information on the participants was recorded. The Modified Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to evaluate the musculoskeletal problems of different body parts, which cause difficulties at work and result in staying away from work...
September 26, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976323/influence-of-size-weight-illusion-on-usability-in-haptic-human-robot-collaboration
#17
Jonas Schmidtler, Klaus Bengler
Collaborative power amplifying robots are accepted as one solution to overcome flexibility and ergonomic issues in future work and life scenarios. Handling of various sized and weighted objects in heterogeneous environments pose a particular challenge to the often applied admittance control. Haptic illusions, especially the Size-Weight Illusion (SWI), where the smaller of two equally weighted objects is perceived to be heavier, can have malicious, disturbing or to some extent useful influence on system stability and usability...
September 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972599/determination-of-pain-in-musculoskeletal-system-reported-by-office-workers-and-the-pain-risk-factors
#18
Sevim Celik, Kadir Celik, Elif Dirimese, Nurten Taşdemir, Tarik Arik, İbrahim Büyükkara
OBJECTIVES: This research was conducted as a cross-sectional descriptive study aimed at determining the existence of pain in the musculoskeletal system among office workers and the reasons for it. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 528 office workers. Collection of data was achieved using a questionnaire prepared by the researchers in line with information from the literature. RESULTS: The male and female office workers most frequently complained of pain in the lower back (55...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971414/musculoskeletal-problems-among-greek-perioperative-nurses-in-regional-hospitals-in-southern-peloponnese-musculoskeletal-problems-in-perioperative-nurses
#19
Helen Bakola, Sofia Zyga, Apostolos Stergioulas, George Kipreos, George Panoutsopoulos
The surgery unit is a particularly labor-intensive environment in the hospital. Studies reflect the correlation of labor risk factors for musculoskeletal injuries among nurses but few have investigated the relationship to perioperative nurses. The purpose of this study is the identification and definition of ergonomic risk factors in the operating room and their connection with musculoskeletal disorders in perioperative nurses in regional hospitals in Greece. Forty four Greek perioperative nurses working in regional hospitals in southern Peloponnese participated...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969262/efficacy-of-task-oriented-exercise-program-based-on-ergonomics-on-cobb-s-angle-and-pulmonary-function-improvement-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-randomized-control-trial
#20
Arvind Kumar, Santosh Kumar, Vineet Sharma, R N Srivastava, Anil Kumar Gupta, Anit Parihar, Vikas Verma, Dileep Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Scoliosis is lateral curvature of the spine greater than 100 accompanied by vertebral rotation. The prime risk factors for curve progression are a large curve magnitude, skeletal immaturity and female gender. The curve progression can be recorded by measuring the curve magnitude using the Cobb's method on radiographs. AIM: To assess the effect of task oriented exercises based on ergonomics on Cobb's angle and pulmonary functions on one year outcome of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis(AIS) (defined as curves < 150 for thoracolumbar region and < 200 for thoracic region)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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