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nerve conduction velocity alpha lipoic acid

D A Seyit, E Degirmenci, A Oguzhanoglu
INTRODUCTION: Neuropathy is a common complication of diabetes mellitus and is closely related to quality of life. There are many studies in which biological ingredients, such as alpha lipoic acid (ALA), that may inhibit or reduce the generation of diabetic neuropathy were investigated. Another biological agent that may reduce the generation of diabetic neuropathy is melatonin and there are a few studies that investigate the effects of melatonin on diabetic neuropathy. In this study we aimed to examine the effect of melatonin on experimentally induced diabetic neuropathy by comparing it with both ALA and control groups...
May 2016: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Vesna Grbovic, Aleksandra Jurisic-Skevin, Svetlana Djukic, Srdjan Stefanović, Jasmin Nurkovic
[Purpose] Painful diabetic polyneuropathy occurs as a complication in 16% of all patients with diabetes mellitus. [Subjects and Methods] A clinical, prospective open-label randomized intervention study was conducted of 60 adult patients, with distal sensorimotor diabetic neuropathy two groups of 30 patients, with diabetes mellitus type 2 with distal sensorimotor diabetic neuropathy. Patients in group A were treated with combined physical procedures, and patients in group B were treated with alpha lipoic acid...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Saeed Azizi, Behnam Heshmatian, Keyvan Amini, Abbas Raisi, Mohammad Azimzadeh
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of topical administration of alpha-lipoic acid into chitosan conduit on peripheral nerve regeneration using a rat sciatic nerve transection model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty five Wistar rats were divided into three experimental groups randomly. A 10-mm gap of sciatic nerve was bridged with a chitosan conduit following surgical preparation and anesthesia. In treatment group, the conduit was filled with 30 µl alpha-lipoic acid (10 mg/kg/bw)...
March 2015: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Niral Patel, Vishal Mishra, Prakruti Patel, Ram K Dikshit
BACKGROUND: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a common, symptomatic, long-term complication of diabetes mellitus. Many of the agents used to treat DN have not been compared with each other. This study was, therefore, undertaken to compare the efficacy and safety of carbamazepine, pregabalin and alpha-lipoic acid in diabetic neuropathy patients. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study. The patients were categorized into three groups, Group I included those patients who were prescribed carbamazepine while group II included those on pregabalin and group III patients received alpha-lipoic acid...
2014: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
D Vasudevan, Manoj M Naik, Qayum I Mukaddam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To assess whether methylcobalamin and alpha lipoic acid (ALA) added to pregabalin provide additional benefit compared to pregabalin alone in type 2 diabetes mellitus associated peripheral neuropathy. SETTING AND DESIGN: An open label, randomized, controlled parallel-group pilot study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with symptoms of peripheral neuropathy for ≥6 months were randomized to receive pregabalin 75 mg, methylcobalamin 750 μg, and ALA 100 mg (PMA, n = 15); or pregabalin 75 mg (PG, n = 15) for 12 weeks...
January 2014: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
Seckin Tuncer, Nizamettin Dalkilic, Mehmet Akif Dunbar, Bahar Keles
Cisplatin is a carcinogenic agent having important cytotoxic effects. Cisplatin treatment increases the levels of free oxygen radicals in neurologic tissues. We investigated the effects of alpha lipoic acid (ALA) and melatonin (MEL) on the electrophysiological parameters and on activities of nerve fibers having different conduction properties on cisplatin neurotoxicity. Neurotoxicity was induced by a single injection of 10 mg/kg intraperitoneal (ip) cisplatin. Supplementation was started 1 day before cisplatin injection with either 100 mg/kg/day ip ALA or 4 mg/kg/day ip MEL for 7 days...
October 2010: International Journal of Neuroscience
Silvia Skalská, Pavol Kucera, Zoltán Goldenberg, Milan Stefek, Zuzana Kyselová, Pavol Jariabka, Alena Gajdosíková, Katarína Klobucníková, Pavel Traubner, Svorad Stolc
Hyperglycaemia-induced oxidative stress makes an important contribution to the aetiology of diabetic neuropathy. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of the antioxidant stobadine (STB) in comparison with a treatment by a high-dose of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), on the neurological consequences of chronic hyperglycaemia in an animal model of diabetes in Wistar rats (16 weeks old), made diabetic by streptozotocin (STZ 3 x 20 mg i.v.). Neuropathy was evaluated electrophysiologically by measuring motor nerve conduction velocity (NCV) in the 4th and 8th week in vivo and motor NCV and resistance to ischaemic conduction failure (RICF) of the sciatic nerve in the 10th week of the experiment in vitro...
March 2010: General Physiology and Biophysics
Murat Ayaz, Seckin Tuncer, Nilsel Okudan, Hakki Gokbel
Diabetic neuropathies are a family of nerve disorders caused by diabetes. Patients with diabetes can develop nerve problems at any time, but the longer a person has diabetes the greater the risk. This study aims to investigate diabetes- and coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) or alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) supplementation-induced changes in the conduction velocity (CV) distributions of rat sciatic nerve fibers. Sciatic nerve compound action potentials (CAPs) were recorded by suction electrode and CV distributions by the collision technique...
June 2008: Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology
C L Oltman, E P Davidson, L J Coppey, T L Kleinschmidt, D D Lund, E T Adebara, M A Yorek
AIM: We had previously demonstrated that vascular and neural dysfunction in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats is progressive. In this study, we sought to determine whether monotherapy of ZDF rats can reverse the vascular and nerve defects. METHODS: ZDF rats at 16 weeks of age were treated for 12 weeks with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril, the antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid, the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor rosuvastatin or the PPARgamma agonist rosiglitazone...
January 2008: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
G Negrişanu, M Roşu, B Bolte, D Lefter, D Dabelea
Alpha lipoic acid is a natural antioxidant that has been suggested to improve symptoms of diabetic neuropathy. To assess these potential benefits, a cohort of 26 type 2 diabetic patients with symptomatic peripheral neuropathy (stage 2) received a daily dose of 600 mg alpha-lipoic acid, and were followed for a 3 month-period. No dropout was noted. At the end of the follow-up period, in 20 subjects (76.9%) there was a 1-stage regression of somatic neuropathy (from symptomatic to asymptomatic neuropathy, and in 5 patients (19...
July 1999: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
M A Yorek, L J Coppey, J S Gellett, E P Davidson, D D Lund
In the present study, the authors examined whether treating streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats with the combination of alpha-lipoic acid and fidarestat, an aldose reductase inhibitor, can promote the formation of dihydrolipoic acid in diabetic animals and thereby enhance the efficacy of alpha-lipoic acid as monotherapy toward preventing diabetic vascular and neural dysfunction. Treating diabetic rats with the combination of 0.25% alpha-lipoic acid (in the diet) and fidarestat (3 mg/kg body weight) prevented the diabetes-induced slowing of motor nerve conduction velocity and endoneurial blood flow...
April 2004: Experimental Diabesity Research
Norman E Cameron, Mary A Cotter
BACKGROUND: Elevated protein kinase C (PKC) activity is thought to play a substantial role in the aetiology of diabetic microvascular complications, the PKCbeta isoform being identified as particularly important. Neuropathy has a vascular component; therefore, one aim was to assess whether the PKCbeta inhibitor, LY333531, could correct nerve conduction velocity (NCV) and perfusion deficits in diabetic rats. Neurovascular dysfunction also depends on oxidant stress and impaired omega-6 essential fatty acid metabolism; correctable by antioxidant and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) treatments, respectively...
July 2002: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
P Sytze van Dam
Increased oxidative stress is a mechanism that probably plays a major role in the development of diabetic complications, including peripheral neuropathy. This review summarises recent data from in vitro and in vivo studies that have been performed both to understand this aspect of the pathophysiology of diabetic neuropathy and to develop therapeutic modalities for its prevention or treatment. Extensive animal studies have demonstrated that oxidative stress may be a final common pathway in the development of diabetic neuropathy, and that antioxidants can prevent or reverse hyperglycaemia-induced nerve dysfunction...
May 2002: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
I Ford, M A Cotter, N E Cameron, M Greaves
Oxidative stress and defective fatty acid metabolism in diabetes may lead to impaired nerve perfusion and contribute to the development of peripheral neuropathy. We studied the effects of 2-week treatments with evening primrose oil (EPO; n = 16) or the antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid (ALA; n = 16) on endoneurial blood flow, nerve conduction parameters, lipids, coagulation, and endothelial factors, in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Compared with their nondiabetic littermates, untreated diabetic rats had impaired sciatic motor and saphenous sensory nerve-conduction velocity (NCV; P <...
August 2001: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
L J Coppey, J S Gellett, E P Davidson, J A Dunlap, D D Lund, M A Yorek
We have shown that diabetes-induced reduction in endoneurial blood flow (EBF) and impaired endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation precede slowing of motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) and decreased sciatic nerve Na(+)/K(+) ATPase activity. Furthermore, vascular dysfunction was accompanied by an accumulation of superoxide in arterioles that provide circulation to the sciatic nerve. In the present study, we examined the effect that treatment of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats with antioxidants has on vascular and neural function...
August 2001: Diabetes
P S van Dam, B S van Asbeck, J F Van Oirschot, G J Biessels, F P Hamers, J J Marx
BACKGROUND: Increased oxidative stress is considered to be a causal factor in the development of diabetic complications, among which peripheral neuropathy. The pathophysiology of nerve dysfunction in diabetes has been explained both by reduced endoneurial microcirculation and alterations in endoneurial metabolism. It is unclear whether antioxidants primarily improve nerve blood flow or normalise systemic or endoneurial oxidative metabolism. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of the antioxidants glutathione and alpha-lipoic acid on both nerve microcirculation and the antioxidative capacity and lipid peroxidation in experimentally diabetic rats...
May 2001: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
L Hounsom, R Corder, J Patel, D R Tomlinson
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: This study compared the effects of streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats with those of two pro-oxidant interventions; a diet deficient in vitamin E and treatment with primaquine. METHODS: Measurements were made by the classic motor and sensory conduction velocity deficits and by indicators of the breakdown of small fibre phenotype i.e., sciatic nerve content of nerve growth factor and the neuropeptides, substance P and neuropeptide Y. RESULTS: As with diabetes, the pro-oxidant interventions decreased conduction velocities (though the effect of vitamin E deficiency was not significant), the sciatic nerve content of nerve growth factor and the neuropeptides (all percentages refer to the mean value for the appropriate control groups)...
April 2001: Diabetologia
G J Biessels, S Smale, S E Duis, A Kamal, W H Gispen
Diabetes mellitus can lead to functional and structural deficits in both the peripheral and central nervous system. The pathogenesis of these deficits is multifactorial, probably involving, among others, microvascular dysfunction and oxidative stress. The present study examined the effects of 12 weeks of treatment with a conjugate of the essential fatty acid gamma-linolenic acid and the anti-oxidant alpha-lipoic acid (GLA-LA) on functional deficits in the peripheral and central nervous system in streptozotocin-diabetic rats...
January 1, 2001: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
M J Hilz, H Marthol, B Neundörfer
Diabetic polyneuropathy is the most frequent neuropathy in western countries. In Germany, there are 3.5 to 4 million diabetic patients. Diagnosis should rule out other polyneuropathies and assess two out of the five diagnostic criteria: neuropathic symptoms, neuropathic deficits, pathological nerve conduction studies, pathological quantitative sensory testing and pathological quantitative autonomic testing. So far, the pathophysiology of diabetic neuropathy remains to be fully understood. Among the various pathophysiological concepts are the Sorbitol-Myo-Inositol hypothesis attributing Myo-Inositol depletion to the accumulation of Sorbitol and Fructose, the concept of deficiency of essential fatty acids with reduced availability of gamma-linolenic-acid and prostanoids, the pseudohypoxia- and hypoxia-hypothesis attributing endothelial and axonal dysfunction and structural lesions to increased oxidative stress and free radical production...
June 2000: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
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