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Kun Hwang, Seong Kyung Yoo
The aim of this study was to analyze eyebrow shapes in portraits of Chinese empresses of Ming and Qing dynasties.The frontal portraits of 20 Ming empresses and 24 of Qing in which the eye and eyebrows were identifiable were measured and analyzed. The arch shape did not differ significantly (P > 0.05) between Ming and Qing. The head-up type (66.6%) was significantly more common (P < 0.001), than tail-up (13.6%), horizontal (13.6%), and arched (6.8%). The brow arches of Ming and Qing empresses were classified as 5 arch types: L (Lamas), A (Anastasia), H (Hwang), M (Empress Ma), and D (Empress Du)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Emanuele Rondonotti, Cristiano Spada, Samuel Adler, Andrea May, Edward J Despott, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Simon Panter, Dirk Domagk, Ignacio Fernandez-Urien, Gabriel Rahmi, Maria Elena Riccioni, Jeanin E van Hooft, Cesare Hassan, Marco Pennazio
SMALL-BOWEL CAPSULE ENDOSCOPY (SBCE): 1: ESGE recommends that prior to SBCE patients ingest a purgative (2 L of polyethylene glycol [PEG]) for better visualization.Strong recommendation, high quality evidence.However, the optimal timing for taking purgatives is yet to be established. 2: ESGE recommends that SBCE should be performed as an outpatient procedure if possible, since completion rates are higher in outpatients than in inpatients.Strong recommendation, moderate quality evidence...
March 14, 2018: Endoscopy
Jirka Grosse, Karin Menhart, Benedikt Schmidbauer, Dirk Hellwig
Sarcoidosis, a granulomatous T-cell-mediated multisystem disease with a yearly incidence of 10.9 to 35.5 cases per 100,000 in the United States, affects a variety of organ systems. Although the characteristic radiological finding of a bihilar lymphadenopathy still plays a diagnostic key role, FDG PET/CT is more sensitive in detecting and monitoring various manifestations. We present a rare case of a 37-year-old woman with bihilar, mediastinal, and abdominal lymphadenopathy in conjunction with a histologically proven cutaneous manifestation of sarcoidosis in a tattoo of the lower back exhibiting an increased uptake of FDG...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Michael R Kolber, Shelley Ross
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In Canada, few family physicians (FPs) perform endoscopy. Conflicting evidence exists on the quality of endoscopy performed by Canadian FPs, which may be explained by differing skillsets of these endoscopists. The objective of this study was to perform the first exploration of the practice, skills, and knowledge of Canadian FP endoscopists. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey, including direct knowledge test, was used. RESULTS: Twenty Canadian FP endoscopists completed the survey...
March 2018: Family Medicine
Yul W Yang, Ronald C Hansen, David L Swanson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Craig L Sikora, Maria F Alfaro, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan, Valentim A Barao, Cortino Sukotjo, Mathew T Mathew
PURPOSE: Dental implants have been shown to have predictable success, but esthetic complications often arise. To reduce tissue shadowing from titanium, zirconia abutments may be used; however, the literature suggests that the use of zirconia leads to greater destruction of the implant interface that may result in biological complications such as titanium tattoos and heavy metal toxicity. Previous studies have examined the mechanical aspects of this implant/abutment relationship, but they have not accounted for the corrosive degradation that also takes place in the dynamic environment of the oral cavity...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Anna Baranska, Alaa Shawket, Mabel Jouve, Myriam Baratin, Camille Malosse, Odessa Voluzan, Thien-Phong Vu Manh, Frédéric Fiore, Marc Bajénoff, Philippe Benaroch, Marc Dalod, Marie Malissen, Sandrine Henri, Bernard Malissen
Here we describe a new mouse model that exploits the pattern of expression of the high-affinity IgG receptor (CD64) and allows diphtheria toxin (DT)-mediated ablation of tissue-resident macrophages and monocyte-derived cells. We found that the myeloid cells of the ear skin dermis are dominated by DT-sensitive, melanin-laden cells that have been missed in previous studies and correspond to macrophages that have ingested melanosomes from neighboring melanocytes. Those cells have been referred to as melanophages in humans...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Gonzalo Duarte, Rashel Cheja, Diana Pachón, Carolina Ramírez, Lourdes Arellanes
Purpose: To report two cases of eyeball tattoos with short-term post procedural complications. Observations: Case 1 is a 26-year-old Mexican man that developed orbital cellulitis and posterior scleritis 2 h after an eyeball tattoo. Patient responded satisfactorily to systemic antibiotic and corticosteroid treatment. Case 2 is a 17-year-old Mexican man that developed two sub-episcleral nodules in the ink injection sites immediately after the procedure. Conclusions and importance: Eyeball tattoos are performed by non-ophthalmic trained personnel...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Kathryn R Search, Susan L Tolle, Gayle B McCombs, Aaron Arndt
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to survey entry-level dental hygiene program directors in the United States (U.S.) to assess their perceptions of dental hygienists with visible tattoos as well as to determine current policies related to dress codes in U.S. dental hygiene programs. Methods: Data was collected with an online survey emailed to 340 dental hygiene program directors yielding a 43% (n=141) response rate. Participants indicated their opinions of visible tattoos on the basis of professionalism and school policy satisfaction...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Sarah N Powell, Megan M Wallen, Shweta Bansal, Janet Mann
Bottlenose dolphins are excellent bioindicators of ocean ecosystem health for three reasons: (a) as long-lived apex predators they accumulate biotoxins and contaminants; (b) they are visible, routinely appearing at the water's surface in coastal areas, often coming into close contact with humans; and, (c) they exhibit a range of pathogenic lesions attributable to environmental degradation. In this study, we analyzed tattoo-like skin lesions in a population of Tursiops aduncus studied for 30+years in Shark Bay, Australia, a UNESCO World Heritage Site...
February 27, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
B Encabo Durán, D Romero-Pérez, J F Silvestre Salvador
Paraphenylenediamine (PPD) is an amine that is mainly used as an ingredient in hair dyes and henna tattoos. The incidence of allergic contact dermatitis to PPD is increasing, particularly in younger patients. In this article, we review the main sources of PPD and the substances with which it can interact and present a practical algorithm for diagnosing and treating suspected cases of PPD allergy.
February 26, 2018: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
Gregory E Holt, Daniel Kett, Kenneth W Goodman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
Mengli Zhang, Yuqing Huang, Tong Lin, Qiuju Wu
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate the efficacy of an Alexandrite picosecond laser versus Nd:YAG nanosecond laser for removing blue-black eyeliner tattoos which have existed more than 10 years. METHODS: A total of 40 patients were treated with an Alexandrite picosecond laser in our department from August 2015 to July 2017, with a fluence of 1.96-6.37J/cm2 , spot size of 2.0-3.6 mm, and pulse width of 750 ps. Another 32 patients were treated with an Nd:YAG nanosecond laser, with a fluence of 2...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Georgi Tchernev, Torello Lotti, Uwe Wollina, José Carlos Cardoso, Lyubomira Viktor Popova, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Ilia Lozev, Ivan Terziev
The pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy of sarcoidosis as an autonomous disease are subjects of spirited discussions, which haven't found definitive conclusion yet. Distinguishing between sarcoidosis and sarcoid-like reactions (sarcoid - type granulomas) is not currently a medical "gold standard" and is not implemented in clinical practice. This leads to 1) misinterpretation of numerous available data; 2) difficulty in the interpretation of other unverified data, which is often followed by 3) inappropriate or inadequate therapeutic approach...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Kun Hwang, Hun Kim
This study aims to determine which brow thickness levels were considered ideal, healthy-looking, young-looking, and sexy-looking by Koreans.The 163 women and 38 men who visited a brow bar were asked to view illustrations of 4 brow thickness levels defined in terms of the percentage of the eye width at the lateral canthus: very thin (VTn-1/6) (16% of eye width), thin (Tn-1/5) (20%), medium (Med-1/4) (25%), and thick (Tk-1/3) (33%) and to choose which they thought were ideal, young-looking, healthy-looking, and sexy-looking...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Alexander J Gougoutas, Hakim K Said, Grace Um, Anne Chapin, David W Mathes
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand how to determine nipple-areola complex positioning on the reconstructed breast. 2. Understand the multitude of local flap and distant graft options for nipple-areola complex reconstruction. 3. Draw at least three fundamental nipple-areola complex reconstruction patterns. 4. Understand the forces that are responsible for flattening of the reconstructed papule. 5. Understand the current techniques used in secondary nipple-areola complex reconstructions...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Maren Bernau, Bernd Große Liesner, Sebastian Schwanitz, Ann-Sophie Kraus, Almuth Falkenau, Miriam Leipig-Rudolph, Walter Hermanns, Armin Manfred Scholz
Safety testing is one major part of the licensing procedure for veterinary vaccines and demands a large number of animals. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was tested as an alternative, which may lead to a reduction in numbers of animals required for safety testing, and, correspondingly to a detailed description of the three-dimensional extent of the local tissue reaction repetitively in live pigs. In previous pig studies the following questions arose:To answer these questions the following study was performed by comparing two vaccine groups of suckling piglets (8 animals per group; A and B) with two control groups (4 animals per group; C and D)...
February 19, 2018: Vaccine
Judy A Beal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Giorgio E Bonacchini, Caterina Bossio, Francesco Greco, Virgilio Mattoli, Yun-Hi Kim, Guglielmo Lanzani, Mario Caironi
The use of natural or bioinspired materials to develop edible electronic devices is a potentially disruptive technology that can boost point-of-care testing. The technology exploits devices that can be safely ingested, along with pills or even food, and operated from within the gastrointestinal tract. Ingestible electronics can potentially target a significant number of biomedical applications, both as therapeutic and diagnostic tool, and this technology may also impact the food industry, by providing ingestible or food-compatible electronic tags that can "smart" track goods and monitor their quality along the distribution chain...
February 20, 2018: Advanced Materials
Yuxin Wang, Huan Han, Yiqi Du
A 27-year-old man referred to our department with a 1-month history of intermittent melena and dizziness. Gastroscopy and colonoscopy did not identify the site of bleeding. Laboratory data showed hemoglobin 6.6g/dL. Video capsule endoscopy (CE, Anhon,China) and antegrade double-ballon enteroscopy (DBE, EN450P5, Fujinon, Japan) were carried out and a space occupying lesion in the proximal jejunum was identified (Fig.1). Ink tattooing via DBE was performed to mark the site of the tumor.Then the patient underwent jejunectomy...
February 17, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
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