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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646844/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-hiv-infection-among-male-prisoners-in-tehran-iran
#1
SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Behnam Farhoudi, Minoo Mohraz, Fatemeh Golsoorat Pahlaviani, Mostafa Hosseini, Marzieh Farnia, Mohammad Shahbazi, Ramin Alasvand, Mehrzad Tashakoriyan
BACKGROUND: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted on 6900 male prisoners in Great Tehran Prison from October 2013 to May 2014. METHODS: In order to find HIV positive prisoners in the prison's quarantine and two housing units, we used HIV active case finding (ACF) strategy by rapid screening test. In ACF, healthcare staff and trained prisoners asked inmates to answer relevant questions about history of risky behaviors related to HIV as well as to be tested voluntarily by HIV rapid test...
June 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639497/tattoo-or-no-tattoo-a-contemporary-ethical-issue-in-nursing-education
#2
Sílvia Caldeira, Margarida Lourenço, Teresa Vidal, Amélia Simões Figueiredo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639451/-tattoo-associated-uveitis
#3
A Klímová, J Heissigerová, E Říhová, P Holan, M Brichová, P Svozílková
The clinical case of tattoo-associated uveitis was first described by Lubeck and Epstein in 1952. Uveitis is accompanied by induration and hyperemia of tattoo skin, which can precede, follow or manifest simultaneously with uveitis. The diagnosis is determined on clinical grounds after exclusion of other causes. Uveitis is usually bilateral, chronic and vision impairment is variable. Tattoo-associated uveitis should be remembered in differential diagnosis due to the growing interest in tattoo.Key words: uveitis, tattoo, masquerade syndrome...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638429/adalimumab-responsive-refractory-sarcoidosis-following-multiple-eyebrow-tattoos-a-case-report
#4
Alireza Mirzaei, Mohamad Mehdi Joharimoghadam, Mozhdeh Zabihiyeganeh
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease that can involve multiple organs including the lungs, eyes, nerves, and skin. Cosmetic tattooing can be a predisposing factor for sarcoidosis, and its incidence is likely to increase along with its popularity. A 47-year-old woman with symptoms of fever and polyarthritis along with erythema nodosum lesions on the legs, swollen eyebrows, and a history of multiple eyebrow tattooing was referred to our center. Since the signs and symptoms were positive for Löfgren's syndrome triad including erythema nodosum, bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, and polyarthritis, a diagnosis of acute sarcoidosis was made, and treatment was started accordingly...
2017: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636868/deadly-liver-mob-opening-the-door-improving-sexual-health-pathways-for-aboriginal-people-in-western-sydney
#5
Karen Biggs, Jennifer Walsh, Catriona Ooi
BACKGROUND: The Deadly Liver Mob project (DLM) is an incentive-based, peer-driven health promotion intervention for Aboriginal people, focusing on hepatitis C and offering education and screening for sexually transmissible infections (STI) and blood-borne viruses (BBV). This study aims to assess the DLM effect on attendance and STI/BBV screening, describe BBV risk factors and report infection rates among Aboriginal people attending Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre (WSSHC). METHODS: A retrospective review of Aboriginal clients during the first year of the DLM project was compared with Aboriginal clients who attended during the 5...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632882/tattooing-and-psoriasis-demographics-motivations-and-attitudes-complications-and-impact-on-body-image-in-a-series-of-90-finnish-patients
#6
Nicolas Kluger
INTRODUCTION: Koebner phenomenon (KP) affects up to a third of patients with psoriasis and can occur on tattoos. Little is known about the extent of tattooing and its consequences among psoriatic patients. A survey was conducted to determine the demographics, motivations and attitudes towards tattoos, and complications among tattooed patients with psoriasis, and the impact on their body image. METHODS: Ninety Finnish patients completed an internet self-reported questionnaire in June 2016...
June 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629837/-one-stop-shop-tumor-tattooing-and-sentinel-lymph-node-mapping-a-new-paradigm-for-lung-cancer-therapy
#7
EDITORIAL
Dao M Nguyen, Nestor Villamizar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614152/superficial-automated-keratopigmentation-for-iris-and-pupil-simulation-using-micronized-mineral-pigments-and-a-new-puncturing-device-experimental-study
#8
Alejandra E Rodriguez, Maria A Amesty, Mohammed El Bahrawy, Severino Rey, Jorge Alio Del Barrio, Jorge L Alio
PURPOSE: To study the outcomes and tolerance of micronized mineral pigments for corneal tattooing, using a superficial automated keratopigmentation (SAK) technique in an experimental animal model and a new puncture device to inject the pigments into the corneal stroma. METHODS: Forty eyes of 40 New Zealand rabbits were included in this study. The animals were divided into groups A and B. Both groups underwent SAK using a new automated keratopigmentation device. Micronized mineral pigments were injected through the epithelium into the corneal stroma to replicate the iris color in 25 eyes (group A), and black color was used to replicate the pupil in 15 eyes (group B)...
June 13, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596984/use-of-a-novel-shorter-minimum-caliber-needle-for-creating-endoscopic-tattoos-for-preoperative-localization-a-comparative-ex-vivo-study
#9
Kenichiro Imai, Kinichi Hotta, Sayo Ito, Yuichiro Yamaguchi, Takeshi Kawakami, Takuya Wada, Kimihiro Igarashi, Yoshihiro Kishida, Yusuke Kinugasa, Noboru Kawata, Masaki Tanaka, Naomi Kakushima, Kohei Takizawa, Hirotoshi Ishiwatari, Hiroyuki Matsubayashi, Hiroyuki Ono
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : In colorectal cancer surgery, inadvertent deep injections during endoscopic tattooing can cause India ink leakage into the peritoneum, leading to complications or to poor visualization of the surgical plane. This ex vivo animal study compared the use of novel shorter, minimum caliber needles versus conventional injection needles for endoscopic tattooing. ANIMALS AND METHODS : Four endoscopists used the novel needles and conventional needles to make ten endoscopic tattoos (five tattoos/needle type/endoscopist) in harvested porcine rectum using a saline test-injection method...
June 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584372/hypersensitive-reaction-to-tattoos-a-growing-menace-in-rural-india
#10
B M Shashikumar, M R Harish, B Shwetha, M Kavya, K Deepadarshan, H N Phani
BACKGROUND: Increased enthusiasm toward newer fashion trends among rural India along with the lack of government regulation has led to increased tattoo reactions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to describe various clinical manifestations of hypersensitive reactions to tattoo ink reported at a tertiary care hospital in Mandya district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational study was carried out over a period of 1 year from June 2014 to May 2015 at Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581540/self-injury-placement-in-mental-disorders-classifications-risk-factors-and-primary-mechanisms-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Kamila Lenkiewicz, Ewa Racicka, Anita Bryńska
Self-injury is a common phenomenon among adolescents and young adults, however its prevalence in clinical population is estimated at 40-80%, especially in regard to patients during puberty. Symptoms usually appear between 12th and 14th year of age, and their average duration is approx. 2 years. According to accepted sociocultural norms self-injury can be regarded as a normal behavior. Nevertheless, the prevalence of body art phenomenon in Western culture including professional tattooing, piercing, scarification, burning tattoos and other body modification typical for tribal cultures, has forced the need to redefine the boundaries for normative behavior...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579816/tattoo-removal-with-ingenol-mebutate
#12
Sarah-Jane Cozzi, Thuy T Le, Steven M Ogbourne, Cini James, Andreas Suhrbier
An increasing number of people are getting tattoos; however, many regret the decision and seek their removal. Lasers are currently the most commonly used method for tattoo removal; however, treatment can be lengthy, costly, and sometimes ineffective, especially for certain colors. Ingenol mebutate is a licensed topical treatment for actinic keratoses. Here, we demonstrate that two applications of 0.1% ingenol mebutate can efficiently and consistently remove 2-week-old tattoos from SKH/hr hairless mice. Treatment was associated with relocation of tattoo microspheres from the dermis into the posttreatment eschar...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570463/does-the-sequence-of-tattooing-and-nipple-reconstruction-affect-nipple-projection
#13
Hyung Chul Lee, Jin Sup Eom, Eun Key Kim, Taik Jong Lee
BACKGROUND: In nipple reconstruction, the maintenance of adequate projection is one of the most important and challenging aspects. However, no reports have evaluated whether tattooing after nipple reconstruction affects nipple projection. This study aimed to test our hypothesis that tattooing after reconstruction adversely affects nipple projection. METHOD: Between September 2001 and July 2009, 384 nipples were reconstructed using the modified top hat technique after breast reconstruction with a transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567616/chagas-disease-knowledge-and-risk-behaviors-of-the-homeless-population-in-houston-tx
#14
Alexandra Ingber, Melissa N Garcia, Juan Leon, Kristy O Murray
Chagas disease is a parasitic infection, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, endemic in Latin America. Sylvatic T. cruzi-infected triatomine vectors are present in rural and urban areas in the southern USA and may transmit T. cruzi infection to at-risk populations, such as homeless individuals. Our study aimed to evaluate Chagas disease knowledge and behaviors potentially associated with transmission risk of Chagas disease among Houston, Texas' homeless population by performing interviews with 212 homeless individuals...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551603/vibrio-vulnificus-septic-shock-due-to-a-contaminated-tattoo
#15
Nicholas Hendren, Senthil Sukumar, Craig S Glazer
We present a case of Vibrio vulnificus septic shock and cellulitis in a patient with chronic liver disease that occurred after obtaining a leg tattoo with subsequent seawater exposure in the Gulf of Mexico. Initial suspicion for V. vulnificus was high and he was started on empiric doxycycline and ceftriaxone at admission. Blood and wound cultures grew oxidase positive and comma-shaped Gram-negative rods ultimately confirmed to be V. vulnificus. Despite aggressive initial treatment, the patient developed septic shock and died...
May 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549547/a-systematic-review-on-ricochet-gunshot-injuries
#16
REVIEW
Yuw-Er Yong
Ricocheted bullets may still retain sufficient kinetic energy to cause gunshot injuries. Accordingly, this paper reviews the literature surrounding gunshot injuries caused by ricocheted bullets. In doing so, it discusses the characteristics of ricochet entrance wounds and wound tracks, noting several important considerations for assessment of a possible ricochet incident. The shapes of ricochet entrance wounds vary, ranging from round holes to elliptical, large and irregular shapes. Pseudo-stippling or pseudo-gunpowder tattooing, pseudo-soot blackening and tumbling abrasions seen on the skin surrounding the bullet hole are particularly associated with ricochet incidents...
May 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541225/stability-of-enzymatic-biosensors-for-wearable-applications
#17
Apurva Sonawane, Pandiaraj Manickam, Shekhar Bhansali
Technological evolution in wearable sensors is accounting for major growth and transformation in multitude of industries ranging from healthcare to computing & informatics to communication and biomedical sciences. The major driver for this transformation is the new-found ability to continuously monitor and analyze the patients' physiology in patients' natural setting. Numerous wearable sensors are already on the market and are summarized. Most of the current technologies have focused on electro-physiological, electro-mechanical or acoustic measurements...
May 19, 2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540220/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-africa
#18
REVIEW
Akin-Tunde A Odukogbe, Bosede B Afolabi, Oluwasomidoyin O Bello, Ayodeji S Adeyanju
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a traditional practice in which the external female genitalia is partially or totally incised or excised for a non-therapeutic reason, usually without the consent of the individual. FGM/C is common in Africa with varying prevalence in different countries, though the incidence is reducing because it is considered a human rights issue with tremendous advocacy for its elimination by mainly nongovernmental organizations. It is mainly underreported in many countries in Africa especially where it has been declared illegal...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537192/beauty-and-the-burn-tanning-and-other-appearance-altering-attitudes-and-behaviors
#19
Meghan M Gillen, Charlotte H Markey
Tanning is often prompted by appearance concerns, yet little is known about associations between tanning and other appearance-altering behaviors. In the current study, we examined potential correlates of indoor and outdoor tanning that, like tanning, may enhance appearance but present health risks. College students (N = 284; Mage = 20.14, SD = 3.39) completed a survey. The main outcome measures were indoor tanning and outdoor sunbathing. Participants also answered questions pertaining to piercings and tattoos, healthy and unhealthy dieting behaviors, cigarette smoking, and interest in cosmetic surgery and enhancements...
May 24, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537104/endoscopic-tattoo-the-importance-and-need-for-standardised-guidelines-and-protocol
#20
Mei Yang, Daniel Pepe, Christopher M Schlachta, Nawar A Alkhamesi
Preoperative endoscopic tattoo is becoming more important with the advent of minimally invasive surgery. Current practices are variable and are operator-dependent. There are no evidence-based guidelines to aid endoscopists in clinical practice. Furthermore, there are still a number of issues with endoscopic tattoo including poor intraoperative visualisation, complications from tattooing and inaccurate documentation leading to the need for intraoperative endoscopy, prolonged operative time and reoperation due to lack of oncologic resection...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
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