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Vivek Verma, Shifeng Chen, Sumin Zhou, Charles A Enke, Andrew O Wahl
PURPOSE: Using high-quality CT-on-rails imaging, the daily motion of the prostate bed clinical target volume (PB-CTV) based on consensus Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) definitions (instead of surgical clips/fiducials) was studied. It was assessed whether PB motion in the superior portion of PB-CTV (SUP-CTV) differed from the inferior PB-CTV (INF-CTV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight pT2-3bN0-1M0 patients underwent postprostatectomy intensity-modulated radiotherapy, totaling 300 fractions...
December 1, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Rachel Cunningham, Jean Kemp, Leonard Sperling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
K J Ahn, B J Kim, S B Cho
BACKGROUND: Laser therapy is the treatment of choice in tattoo removal. However, the precise mechanisms of laser-tattoo pigment interactions remain to be evaluated. METHODS: We evaluated the geometric patterns of laser-tattoo pigment particle interactions using a tattoo pigment-embedded tissue-mimicking (TM) phantom. RESULTS: A Q-switched (QS) neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser was used at settings of 532-, 660-, and 1064-nm wavelengths, single-pulse and quick pulse-to-pulse treatment modes, and spot sizes of 4 and 7 mm...
November 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
Kathryn Houhoulis, Kevin Lewis, Rachel Fasone, Brian E Benham
The review question is what is the impact of tattoos on the administration of regional anesthesia?The quantitative objective is to identify and quantify the risks to a patient when advancing a needle through tattooed skin for the purpose of administering a regional anesthetic.The qualitative objective is to investigate anesthesia providers' perceptions and experiences when presented with a patient and/or a surgeon requests for a regional anesthetic that would require needle trespass through tattooed skin. An additional qualitative objective is to identify the thoughts, opinions and biases related to the administration of a regional anesthetic through tattooed skin from the perspective of the patient, anesthesia provider, surgeon or other affected parties (e...
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
E Hope Weissler, Julie B Schnur, Andreas M Lamelas, Marisa Cornejo, Elan Horesh, Peter J Taub
INTRODUCTION: Satisfaction with breast reconstruction is thought to be greatest among patients who complete nipple and areolar complex (NAC) reconstruction. Anecdotally, many patients are known to decline NAC reconstruction. The authors aimed to characterize the epidemiology of and factors associated with incomplete breast reconstruction. METHODS: Breast reconstruction patients with follow-up in a single institution's electronic medical record system were reviewed...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Kristiane Barington, Jens Frederik Gramstrup Agger, Søren Saxmose Nielsen, Kristine Dich-Jørgensen, Henrik Elvang Jensen
BACKGROUND: Human inflicted bruises in slaughter pigs are hampering animal welfare, are an infringement of the animal protection act, and are a focus of public attention. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the gross appearance of human inflicted bruises in slaughter pigs and to compare the inflammatory changes in two lesions as a basis for estimating the age of lesions in the same pig. Pigs with human inflicted bruises slaughtered at two major slaughterhouses in Denmark from November 2013 to May 2014 were evaluated...
November 8, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Tahereh Khairkhah, Ayat Shamsa, Azam Roohi, Jalal Khoshnoodi, Vand Fatemeh Rajabpour, Mina Tabrizi, Saeed Zarei, Forough Golsaz-Shirazi, Fazel Shokri
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are major health problem in the world. Hairdressers (barbers) are in continuous contact with scissors and blades, and are considered a high-risk group for these infections. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of hepatitis B and C infections in barbers in Tehran and to evaluate their attitudes and knowledge about the occupational risk of these infections. METHODS: Six hundred eleven barbers were included in this study...
September 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
Teresa Ingenito
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical therapists (PTs) frequently provide neuromusculoskeletal treatment for patients who incidentally may have one or more tattoos. Low level light therapy (LLLT) is one of the modalities commonly used by physical therapists to decrease pain and facilitate healing. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case report describes a 22 year old man who was given LLLT to address his complaints of musculoskeletal pain. OUTCOMES: Blistering of the skin was documented over the LLLT application site, a black tattoo...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Krystal Marie Howard
I'm a nursing auxiliary, soon to be degree student, and I have a different hair colour pretty much every week. Like Mary Walls Penney, the nursing home nurse who was confronted about her appearance (Nursing Standard online), I also have tattoos on show. However, I work in a day surgery unit and have never received negative comments about my appearance. Actually, patients often comment on my hair or tattoos; it's usually a nice ice breaker. What matters is being professional and caring.
October 19, 2016: Nursing Standard
Mahesh Kumar Goenka, Vijay Kumar Rai, Usha Goenka, Indrajit Kumar Tiwary
Background/Aims: The over-the-scope clip (OTSC) is a device used for endoscopic closure of perforations, leaks and fistulas, and for endoscopic hemostasis. To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of OTSC. Methods: Between October 2013 and November 2015, 12 patients underwent OTSC placement by an experienced endoscopist. OTSC was used for the closure of gastrointestinal (GI) leaks and fistula in six patients, three of which were iatrogenic (esophageal, gastric, and duodenal) and three of which were inflammatory...
October 31, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
Yuma Wada, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Masayuki Ohue, Masayoshi Yasui, Shiki Fujino, Akira Tomokuni, Keijirou Sugimura, Hirofumi Akita, Jeong Ho Moon, Hidenori Takahashi, Shogo Kobayashi, Takeshi Omori, Hiroshi Miyata, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara, Masahiko Yano, Masato Sakon
BACKGROUND: Conventional tattooing using India ink for preoperative marking during colonoscopy has been widely used. However, the ink used in this method can spread into the abdominal cavity and induce peritonitis. Therefore, we developed a new marking method using an endoscopic clip with an integrated circuit (IC) tag to accurately identify an objective location. We applied the novel method in laparoscopic surgery using a porcine model and also evaluated it with resected human gastrointestinal tissue...
October 31, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Hyun-Hee Lim, Ho-Sang Shin
As the popularity of body art including tattoo ink has increased, the safety associated with it has become an important interest. In this study, twenty volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and two aldehydes in tattoo inks were identified and quantified. Headspace and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS GC-MS) for the VOCs and HS GC-MS based on derivatization with 2,2,2-trifluoroethylhydrazine (TFEH) for aldehydes was developed. Benzene, chloroform, toluene, ethylbenzene, m-xylene, p-xylene, o-xylene, propylbenzene, chlorobenzene, tert-butylbenzene, 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene, styrene, 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, 2-chlorotoluene, 4-chlorotoluene, 1,3-dichlorobenzene, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, 1,2-dichlorobenzene, 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene and isopropyl alcohol were detected with the concentration range of 0...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Charissa Kim, Jianjun Gao, Vickie R Shannon, Arlene Siefker-Radtke
The use of immune checkpoint inhibitors is revolutionising the treatment of cancer. However, their unique toxicity profile is substantially different from what has been observed with traditional chemotherapy, resulting in a novel learning curve for medical oncologists. Early recognition of these toxicities can make a substantial impact in ameliorating these side effects in the oncological and medical-surgical fields. Here, we present a case of Lofgren syndrome sarcoidosis, which first manifested in a tattoo in a patient with metastatic urothelial cancer on therapy with anti-CTLA-4 (ipilimumab) and anti-PD1 (nivolumab)...
October 26, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Yoshiaki Ozawa, Masahiko Murakami, Makoto Watanabe, Sota Yoshizawa, Satoru Goto, Koji Otsuka, Takeshi Aoki
INTRODUCTION: To identify a colorectal cancer tumor site for surgery, preoperative endoscopic marking methods, such as India ink tattooing or clipping, are generally performed. However, India ink tattooing causes problems such as impaired surgical view because of adverse events, ink leakage into the peritoneal cavity, and peritonitis or adhesion ileus as a result of leakage. The clipping method requires checking by palpation, which is unsuitable for laparoscopic surgery. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUES: We devised a preoperative marking method for colorectal cancer surgery (laparotomy) by applying the fluorescent dye indocyanine green...
November 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Sven Jungmann, Peter Laux, Torsten T Bauer, Harald Jungnickel, Nicolas Schönfeld, Andreas Luch
BACKGROUND: While subepidermal skin inking as a fashion trend has rapidly gained popularity in Western societies, systemic anaphylaxis as a complication of tattooing has only been described once in refereed literature. Furthermore the previously reported case was from a patient who already suffered from severe allergies and no attempt to pinpoint the actual causes was made. CASE SUMMARY: We present the case of a 59-year-old man, who developed a progressive swelling and redness five hours after receiving a tattoo...
October 7, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Ralf Dieckmann, Ides Boone, Stefan O Brockmann, Jens A Hammerl, Annette Kolb-Mäurer, Matthias Goebeler, Andreas Luch, Sascha Al Dahouk
BACKGROUND: Tattooing is a globally growing trend. Overall prevalence among adults in industrialized countries is around 10-20%. Given the high and increasing numbers of tattooed people worldwide, medical and public health implications emerging from tattooing trends require greater attention not only by the public, but also by medical professionals and health policy makers. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature on tattooassociated bacterial infections and bacterial contamination of tattoo inks...
October 7, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Wolfgang Bäumler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Binod Kumar Thakur, Shikha Verma
BACKGROUND: Tattooing has become increasingly popular, particularly among young people. However, little is known about the tattoo practices in North-East India. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to know the reasons and motivations of tattoo application and tattoo removal in individuals asking for tattoo removal. The secondary objective was to identify the demography, methods and safety of tattoo practices in these tattooed individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was carried out in 212 consecutive individuals seeking tattoo removal...
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Ayca Aktas Sukuroglu, Dilek Battal, Sema Burgaz
BACKGROUND: Henna has a very low allergic potential, and severe allergic contact dermatitis is mainly caused by p-phenylenediamine (PPD), which is added to temporary black 'henna tattoos', and potentially also by some heavy metals. OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence of, and quantify, Lawsone, PPD and heavy metal contaminants (cobalt, nickel, lead, and chromium) in commercial temporary black henna tattoo mixtures (n = 25) sold in Turkey. METHODS: Lawsone and PPD concentrations were analysed with high-performance liquid chromatography, and heavy metal quantification was performed with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
October 19, 2016: Contact Dermatitis
Kun Hwang, Seong Kyung Yoo
The aim of this study was to analyze eyebrow shapes as represented in the British edition of "Vogue" over the last century (1916-2015). Photographs containing distinguishable eyebrows were selected from a book entitled "Vogue 100: A Century of Style." A total of 120 frontal pictures in which the eye and eyebrows were identifiable were included and analyzed. The relative width of the eyebrow (REW), as well as relative medial (RMH), midpupillary (RPH), and lateral (RLH) eyebrow height were measured in reference to the length of the palpebral fissure...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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