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V Gómez-Dos Santos, V Díez-Nicolás, L Martínez-Arcos, J J Fabuel-Alcañiz, I Laso-García, S Álvarez-Rodríguez, F de Asís Donis-Canet, V Hevia-Palacios, M Ruiz-Hernández, F J Burgos-Revilla
Mayor urological complications, fistulae and stenosis, mainly affect the vesicoureteral anastomosis and present in the early post-transplant period. The systematic use of ureteral catheters keeps selecbeing controversial with many groups using them only selectively depending on the existence of pretransplant or intraoperative risk factors. METHODS: We performed a bibliographic review through automatized search in the Medline bibliographic database, as the main bibliographic source, and also in Clinical Key...
October 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Silvana Cidral, Waldirene Fernandes Silva, Angelita Visentin, Angela Cristina da Silva Borghi, Maria de Fátima Mantovani, Ana Paula Hey
OBJECTIVE: to assess the risk of pressure ulcer development among hospitalized HIV/Aids. Metod: study quantitative descriptive with 35 patients admitted to an infectious diseases hospital in Curitiba-PR-BR. Characterized clinical and epidemiological of patients using a data collection instrument and the Braden Scale. Data was compiled using Excel® and a simple descriptive analysis. RESULTS: two patients were found to have pressure ulcers and the most common comorbidities associated with HIV/Aids were pneumocystis pneumonia, caused by pneumocisti cariini (16), and pulmonary tuberculosis (13)...
January 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Christine Miranda, Diana M Fernandez, Raul O Ramon, Miriam Velázquez, Angel M Mayor, Robert F Hunter-Mellado
OBJECTIVES: We describe the changes in the socio demographic, risk behavior, immunological and clinical trends profiles of a cohort HIV patients followed at the Retrovirus Research Center, at baseline and study periods interval by periods intervals: 1992-1997, 1998-2003, and 2004-2008. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of a longitudinal cohort comprised of 4016 HIV/AIDS patients admitted to the RRC since January 1992. Data collected include socio-demographic variables; risk related variables; psychological variables; and clinical variable by periods of study...
July 2010: Boletín de la Asociación Médica de Puerto Rico
Jacek Puzio, Ewa Kucewicz, Mirosława Sioła, Anna Dworniczak, Jacek Wojarski, Sławomir Zegleń, Waldemar Pakosiewicz, Tomasz Maciejewski, Marian Zembala
BACKGROUND: New diseases and therapies that lead to marked immunocompromise, have brought to medicine so-called opportunistic infections, caused by pathogens that usually do not cause disease in the presence of a healthy immune system. First diagnosed in AIDS patients, opportunistic infections have appeared in many other situations, including transplant recipients, other immunosuppressed patients, and even in otherwise healthy patients undergoing major elective surgery. Among the most common pathogens causing atypical infections are: Pneumocistis jiroveci, Chlamydia, Mycoplasma and Legionella...
January 2009: Anestezjologia Intensywna Terapia
Federico Sackmann Massa, Juliana Martinez Rolón, Santiago Pavlovsky
Second malignancies after autologous haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (AHSCT) are well-known long-term complications. We present a case of a 24-year-old male with relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) with no involvement of his bone marrow who underwent AHSCT. Four years later he developed mild anaemia and a computed tomography showed an enlarged spleen. As his anaemia worsened, a bone marrow was performed. There was no evidence of HL but intense reticular and collagen fibrosis with hypocellularity was detected...
December 2007: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Lilian M Mederos Cuervo, Francisco Rodríguez Delgado, Francles Blanco Guillot, Joel Cabrera García, Miguel Echemendía Font, Ernesto Montoro Cardoso
Different types of samples from a 27-year-old female patient who was diagnosed AIDS after presenting an acute respiratory picture caused by Pneumocistis carinii, in 1997, were studied. From that moment on, the patient continued having respiratory pictures repeatedly, until she was admitted at "Pedro Kouri" Institute of Tropical Medicine with a chronic diarrheical picture, significant loss of weight and extreme anorexia, together with a constant wet cough, fever, etc. The necessary complementary tests were made and a hyperergic Mantoux and very low levels of CD4 cells (under 200 cells/m3) outstood...
May 2003: Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical
Andrea Straatmann, Fabianna Bahia, Diana Pedral-Sampaio, Carlos Brites
UNLABELLED: Sulfonamides are drugs extensively used in the management of AIDS patients. However, the use of sulfonamides is often associated with the development of allergic reactions, provoking the substitution of the drug (by another that may be less effective); alternatively attempts are made to desensitize the patient. OBJECTIVE: Compare two drug regimens (full vs. escalating doses) for the oral desensitization of AIDS patients allergic to sulfonamides. MATERIAL AND METHODS: AIDS patients with previous allergic reactions to sulfonamides and requiring prophylaxis against Pneumocistis carinii, central nervous system toxoplasmosis and diarrhea caused by Isospora belli were randomly assigned to a group receiving a routine dose of cothrimoxazole, or another that received escalating doses of an oral suspension of the same drug, initiating with 75 mg/day of sulfamethoxazole that was doubled every 48 hours till the full dose was reached, if no allergic reaction occurred...
December 2002: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
S Garg, L E Achenie
A concept from optimization theory, specifically, mathematical programming, is proposed for designing drugs with desired properties. The mathematical programming formulation is solved to obtain the optimal descriptor values, which are employed in the Cerius(2) modeling environment to infer the optimal lead candidates, in the sense that they exhibit both high selectivity and activity while ensuring low toxicity. It has been observed that unique substituent groups and their molecular conformations are responsible for attaining the goal of simultaneous high selectivity and activity...
May 2001: Biotechnology Progress
A R Grinberg, P G Heller, G Correa, J F Sarano, F C Molinas, M A Nicastro, C L Alvarez
Antiphospholipid syndrome is characterized by recurrent fetal loss, arterial and venous thromboses, thrombocytopenia and circulating antiphospholipid antibodies. Few patients have a rapidly progressive, fatal outcome. We report two young patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid antibodies who died after a short course of disease. Although clinical and laboratory findings differed in both patients--small vessel thromboses and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia mimicking thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura predominated in one of the patients while small and medium size vessel thromboses without hemolysis were present in the other case--autopsy revealed widespread visceral thromboses in both of them, features consistent with a diagnosis of catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome...
1999: Medicina
M R Baena Luna, J Muñoz García, L Grancha Bertolín, M Sanz García
Pneumocistis carinii is a ubiquitous protozoan present in mammals which frequently causes pulmonary problems in immunodeficient patients, especially those infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Given its particular affinity with the lung area, it is rarely present in other tissues. It has on occasions been detected in the liver, spleen and lymphatic ganglia, external auditory canal, skin and to a lesser extent, other organs. It is extremely rare that the pathogen in question produces extra-pulmonary clinical conditions...
May 1998: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
A Rodríguez French, M Suárez, M X Cornejo, M T de Iglesias, T Roldán
The authors examined material from the respiratory tract obtained from 55 patients, with silver Methenamine and Giemsa stains to detect Pneumocystis carinii. Twenty five patients were positive. All had fever and fatigue, 80% had dyspnea, 72% had productive cough, and significant weight loss occurred in 48%. None of the patients had signs of pulmonary consolidation. Chest X-Ray showed diffuse infiltrates in 55.2%. Nodular lesions in both lung fields were present in 6.9%. A local infiltrate was seen in 13.6% and no infiltrates were seen in 10...
January 1996: Revista Médica de Panamá
A Rivero, T López, J Santos, M Márquez, N Avisbal, P González-Santos
METHODS: From January 1986 to 31 November 1993, 354 cases of AIDS (CDC criteria 1987) were diagnosed. The possible existence of spontaneous pneumothorax at any time during the evolution and its presumed cause were evaluated. RESULTS: During the period studied, 7 (1.9%) of AIDS patients presented pneumothorax. The existence of a pulmonary infection was proven in 6: 3 pneumonia by Pneumocystis carinii, 2 bacterial pneumonia (Streptococcus pneumoniae and Pseudomonas sp...
November 1994: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
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