keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Epigenetic Regulation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098901/effect-of-evodiamine-and-berberine-on-the-interaction-between-dnmts-and-target-micrornas-during-malignant-transformation-of-the-colon-by-tgf-%C3%AE-1
#1
Chao Huang, Hong Liu, Xiu-Li Gong, Li-Yun Wu, Bin Wen
The tissue microenvironment functions as a crucial player in carcinogenesis, and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) within the microenvironment stimulates the formation of neoplasms. Using an in vitro model of malignancy induced by TGF-β1, we assessed the effect of evodiamine and berberine on the interaction between DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and target microRNAs (miRNAs) in the model. Colon tissues from neonatal rats 7 days of age were cultured and malignancy was induced by TGF-β1 in vitro for 48 h, and then the tissues were respectively treated with evodiamine and berberine for 24 h...
January 17, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098894/17%C3%AE-%C3%A2-estradiol-treatment-drives-sp1-to-upregulate-malat%C3%A2-1-expression-and-epigenetically-affects-physiological-processes-in-u2os-cells
#2
Qiongying Hu, Shuiqin Li, Changjin Chen, Menglin Zhu, Yiming Chen, Ziyi Zhao
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone tumor characterized by high risk of metastasis, thus presents with an overall survival rate of 60%, despite the use of chemotherapy and surgery. Metastasis‑associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT‑1) has been reported to upregulated and epigenetically regulate the metastasis in osteosarcoma; however, the regulatory mechanisms of MALAT‑1 expression remain unclear. In the current study, significant upregulation of MALAT‑1 was observed subsequent to exposure to low concentrations of 17β‑estradiol (E2) in U2OS cells...
January 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098854/lsd1-sustains-estrogen-driven-endometrial-carcinoma-cell-proliferation-through-the-pi3k-akt-pathway-via-di-demethylating-h3k9-of-cyclin%C3%A2-d1
#3
Chunqin Chen, Yanan Wang, Shiyu Wang, Yuan Liu, Jiawen Zhang, Yuyao Xu, Zhenbo Zhang, Wei Bao, Sufang Wu
A recent study reported that histone lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1, KDM1A) is overexpressed in endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC) and associated with tumor progression as well as poor prognosis. However, the physiological function and mechanism of LSD1 in endometrial cancer (EC) remains largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that β-estradiol (E2) treatment increased LSD1 expression via the GPR30/PI3K/AKT pathway in endometrial cancer cells. Both siGPR30 and the PI3K inhibitor LY294002 block this effect...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098215/epigenetic-modifications-at-dmrs-of-placental-genes-are-subjected-to-variations-in-normal-gestation-pathological-conditions-and-folate-supplementation
#4
Beenish Rahat, Aatish Mahajan, Rashmi Bagga, Abid Hamid, Jyotdeep Kaur
Invasive placentation and cancer development shares many similar molecular and epigenetic pathways. Paternally expressed, growth promoting genes (SNRPN, PEG10 and MEST) which are known to play crucial role in tumorogenesis, are not well studied during placentation. This study reports for the first time of the impact of gestational-age, pathological conditions and folic acid supplementation on dynamic nature of DNA and histone methylation present at their differentially methylated regions (DMRs). Here, we reported the association between low DNA methylation/H3K27me3 and higher expression of SNRPN, PEG10 and MEST in highly proliferating normal early gestational placenta...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097530/virus-induced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-special-emphasis-on-hbv
#5
REVIEW
Ming Wang, Dong Xi, Qin Ning
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor with high lethality, and the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a chief cause. HBV can accelerate HCC via multiple mechanisms. First, HBV induces immune reactions that lead to repeated hepatic inflammation, fibrosis and a deficient immune microenvironment. Subsequently, HBV can modify host genes near the insertion point through DNA integration to cause host cell genome instability and to generate carcinogenic fusion proteins. Additionally, HBV expresses diverse active proteins, especially HBx and HBs, which have a range of transactivation functions such as regulation of apoptosis, interference with intracellular signaling pathways, and alteration of epigenetics...
January 17, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096468/o-glcnac-expression-levels-epigenetically-regulate-colon-cancer-tumorigenesis-by-affecting-the-cancer-stem-cell-compartment-via-modulating-expression-of-transcriptional-factor-mybl1
#6
Huabei Guo, Bing Zhang, Alison V Nairn, Tamas Nagy, Kelley W Moremen, Phillip Buckhaults, Michael Pierce
To study the regulation of colorectal adenocarcinoma progression by O-GlcNAc, we have focused on the O-GlcNAc-mediated epigenetic regulation of human colon cancer stem cells (CCSC). Xenograft tumors from colon tumor cells with OGT knockdown grew significantly slower than those formed from control cells, indicating a reduced proliferation of tumor cells due to inhibition of OGT expression. Significant reduction of CCSC population was observed in the tumor cells after OGT knockdown, while tumor cells treated with O-GlcNAcase inhibitor showed an increased CCSC population, indicating that O-GlcNAc levels regulated the CCSC compartment...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096419/stromal-cues-regulate-the-pancreatic-cancer-epigenome-and-metabolome
#7
Mara H Sherman, Ruth T Yu, Tiffany W Tseng, Cristovao M Sousa, Sihao Liu, Morgan L Truitt, Nanhai He, Ning Ding, Christopher Liddle, Annette R Atkins, Mathias Leblanc, Eric A Collisson, John M Asara, Alec C Kimmelman, Michael Downes, Ronald M Evans
A fibroinflammatory stromal reaction cooperates with oncogenic signaling to influence pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) initiation, progression, and therapeutic outcome, yet the mechanistic underpinning of this crosstalk remains poorly understood. Here we show that stromal cues elicit an adaptive response in the cancer cell including the rapid mobilization of a transcriptional network implicated in accelerated growth, along with anabolic changes of an altered metabolome. The close overlap of stroma-induced changes in vitro with those previously shown to be regulated by oncogenic Kras in vivo suggests that oncogenic Kras signaling-a hallmark and key driver of PDAC-is contingent on stromal inputs...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096407/development-of-chronic-allergic-responses-by-dampening-bcl6-mediated-suppressor-activity-in-memory-t-helper-2-cells
#8
Takashi Ogasawara, Masahiko Hatano, Hisae Satake, Jun Ikari, Toshibumi Taniguchi, Nobuhide Tsuruoka, Haruko Watanabe-Takano, Lisa Fujimura, Akemi Sakamoto, Hirokuni Hirata, Kumiya Sugiyama, Yasutsugu Fukushima, Susumu Nakae, Kenji Matsumoto, Hirohisa Saito, Takeshi Fukuda, Kazuhiro Kurasawa, Koichiro Tatsumi, Takeshi Tokuhisa, Masafumi Arima
Mice deficient in the transcriptional repressor B-cell CLL/lymphoma 6 (Bcl6) exhibit similar T helper 2 (TH2) immune responses as patients with allergic diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying Bcl6-directed regulation of TH2 cytokine genes remain unclear. We identified multiple Bcl6/STAT binding sites (BSs) in TH2 cytokine gene loci. We found that Bcl6 is modestly associated with the BSs, and it had no significant effect on cytokine production in newly differentiated TH2 cells. Contrarily, in memory TH2 (mTH2) cells derived from adaptively transferred TH2 effectors, Bcl6 outcompeted STAT5 for binding to TH2 cytokine gene loci, particularly Interleukin4 (Il4) loci, and attenuated GATA binding protein 3 (GATA3) binding to highly conserved intron enhancer regions in mTH2 cells...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096241/the-chromodomain-helicase-dna-binding-chromatin-remodelers-family-traits-that-protect-from-and-promote-cancer
#9
Alea A Mills
A plethora of mutations in chromatin regulators in diverse human cancers is emerging, attesting to the pivotal role of chromatin dynamics in tumorigenesis. A recurrent theme is inactivation of the chromodomain helicase DNA-binding (CHD) family of proteins-ATP-dependent chromatin remodelers that govern the cellular machinery's access to DNA, thereby controlling fundamental processes, including transcription, proliferation, and DNA damage repair. This review highlights what is currently known about how genetic and epigenetic perturbation of CHD proteins and the pathways that they regulate set the stage for cancer, providing new insight for designing more effective anti-cancer therapies...
January 17, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095495/dna-methylation-analysis-of-brd1-promoter-regions-and-the-schizophrenia-rs138880-risk-allele
#10
Mads Dyrvig, Per Qvist, Jacek Lichota, Knud Larsen, Mette Nyegaard, Anders D Børglum, Jane H Christensen
The bromodomain containing 1 gene, BRD1 is essential for embryogenesis and CNS development. It encodes a protein that participates in histone modifying complexes and thereby regulates the expression of a large number of genes. Genetic variants in the BRD1 locus show association with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and risk alleles in the promoter region correlate with reduced BRD1 expression. Insights into the transcriptional regulation of BRD1 and the pathogenic mechanisms associated with BRD1 risk variants, however, remain sparse...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094813/a-methylome-wide-mqtl-analysis-reveals-associations-of-methylation-sites-with-gad1-and-hdac3-snps-and-a-general-psychiatric-risk-score
#11
D M Ciuculete, A E Boström, S Voisin, H Philipps, O E Titova, M Bandstein, L Nikontovic, M J Williams, J Mwinyi, H B Schiöth
Genome-wide association studies have identified a number of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with psychiatric diseases. Increasing body of evidence suggests a complex connection of SNPs and the transcriptional and epigenetic regulation of gene expression, which is poorly understood. In the current study, we investigated the interplay between genetic risk variants, shifts in methylation and mRNA levels in whole blood from 223 adolescents distinguished by a risk for developing psychiatric disorders...
January 17, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094282/evidence-of-neofunctionalization-after-the-duplication-of-the-highly-conserved-polycomb-group-gene-caf1-55-in-the-obscura-group-of-drosophila
#12
Juan M Calvo-Martín, Montserrat Papaceit, Carmen Segarra
Drosophila CAF1-55 protein is a subunit of the Polycomb repressive complex PRC2 and other protein complexes. It is a multifunctional and evolutionarily conserved protein that participates in nucleosome assembly and remodelling, as well as in the epigenetic regulation of a large set of target genes. Here, we describe and analyze the duplication of Caf1-55 in the obscura group of Drosophila. Paralogs exhibited a strong asymmetry in evolutionary rates, which suggests that they have evolved according to a neofunctionalization process...
January 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094059/alteration-of-methylation-status-in-the-atxn3-gene-promoter-region-is-linked-to-the-sca3-mjd
#13
Chunrong Wang, Huirong Peng, Jiada Li, Dongxue Ding, Zhao Chen, Zhe Long, Yun Peng, Xin Zhou, Wei Ye, Kai Li, Qian Xu, Sanxi Ai, Chengyuan Song, Ling Weng, Rong Qiu, Kun Xia, Beisha Tang, Hong Jiang
DNA methylation has been acknowledged as one of the key epigenetic mechanisms involved in the regulation of gene expression and genomic functions. Alteration of the DNA methylation level has been linked to modification of the disease progression and instability regulation of certain disease-causing repeats in neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, blood samples collected from spinocerebellar ataxia type 3/Machado-Joseph disease (SCA3/MJD) patients versus control were used to explore the potential link of DNA methylation levels at ATXN3 gene promoter to the pathogenesis of SCA3/MJD...
December 24, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094005/imprinted-genes-and-the-regulation-of-placental-endocrine-function-pregnancy-and-beyond
#14
Rosalind M John
Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic process responsible for the monoallelic expression of a subset of genes in mammals. Imprinted genes have been demonstrated to play important functions prenatally regulating fetal growth and placental development with some functions persisting beyond pregnancy to influence both metabolism and behaviour in adults. This review focuses on the function of imprinted genes in regulating placental hormones, and the probability that these functions manifest their impact beyond pregnancy...
January 10, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093418/cell-specific-epigenome-wide-dna-methylation-profile-in-long-term-cultured-minor-salivary-gland-epithelial-cells-from-patients-with-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#15
Amandine Charras, Orsia D Konsta, Christelle Le Dantec, Cristina Bagacean, Efstathia K Kapsogeorgou, Athanasios G Tzioufas, Jacques-Olivier Pers, Anne Bordron, Yves Renaudineau
OBJECTIVES: The aetiology of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), also referred to as autoimmune epithelitis, is incompletely understood but includes an epigenetic contribution. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to investigate DNA methylation in salivary gland epithelial cells (SGEC), and to compare results with those publicly available from pSS B and T cells. METHODS: Long-term cultured SGEC were selected to conduct an epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) in patients with pSS with comparison to controls using the HumanMethylation 450 K array from Illumina...
January 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093237/transgenerational-epigenetics-integrating-soma-to-germline-communication-with-gametic-inheritance
#16
REVIEW
Abhay Sharma
Evidence supporting germline mediated epigenetic inheritance of environmentally induced traits has increasingly emerged over the past several years. Although the mechanisms underlying this inheritance remain unclear, recent findings suggest that parental gamete-borne epigenetic factors, particularly RNAs, affect post-fertilization and developmental gene regulation, ultimately leading to phenotypic appearance in the offspring. Complex processes involving gene expression and epigenetic regulation are considered to perpetuate across generations...
January 13, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093228/ndrg2-suppressed-expression-associates-with-poor-prognosis-in-pancreatic-cancer-is-hypermethylated-in-the-second-promoter-in-human-gastrointestinal-cancers
#17
Akihiro Yamamura, Koh Miura, Hideaki Karasawa, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Yasuhiko Mizuguchi, Yuriko Saiki, Shinichi Fukushige, Makoto Sunamura, Chikashi Shibata, Michiaki Unno, Akira Horii
Although N-myc downstream regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) is frequently downregulated in various cancers and is considered to be a candidate tumor suppressor gene, molecular mechanisms of the expressional suppression that lead to cancers are largely unknown. Recent studies indicated that epigenetic suppression of NDRG2 involved carcinogenesis and progression in several tumor types, and we demonstrated positive association with NDRG2 suppression and poor prognosis in pancreatic cancer. In this study, we analyzed mRNA and protein expressions of NDRG2 in 26 cancer cell lines (20 colorectal and 6 gastric cancers) and found that many cell lines showed variously reduced NDRG2 expressions...
January 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093106/genetic-and-epigenetic-aberrations-of-p16-in-feline-primary-neoplastic-diseases-and-tumor-cell-lines-of-lymphoid-and-non-lymphoid-origins
#18
H Mochizuki, A Fujiwara-Igarashi, M Sato, Y Goto-Koshino, K Ohno, H Tsujimoto
The p16 gene acts as a tumor suppressor by regulating the cell cycle and is frequently inactivated in human and canine cancers. The aim of this study was to characterize genetic and epigenetic alterations of the p16 in feline lymphoid and non-lymphoid malignancies, using 74 primary tumors and 11 tumor cell lines. Cloning of feline p16 and subsequent sequence analysis revealed 11 germline sequence polymorphisms in control cats. Bisulfite sequencing analysis of the p16 promoter region in a feline lymphoma cell line revealed that promoter methylation was associated with decreased mRNA expression...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093071/spag6-and-l1td1-are-transcriptionally-regulated-by-dna-methylation-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancers
#19
Corinna Altenberger, Gerwin Heller, Barbara Ziegler, Erwin Tomasich, Maximilian Marhold, Thais Topakian, Leonhard Müllauer, Petra Heffeter, György Lang, Adelheid End-Pfützenreuter, Balazs Döme, Britt-Madeleine Arns, Walter Klepetko, Christoph C Zielinski, Sabine Zöchbauer-Müller
BACKGROUND: DNA methylation regulates together with other epigenetic mechanisms the transcriptional activity of genes and is involved in the pathogenesis of malignant diseases including lung cancer. In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) various tumor suppressor genes are already known to be tumor-specifically methylated. However, from the vast majority of a large number of genes which were identified to be tumor-specifically methylated, tumor-specific methylation was unknown so far. Thus, the major aim of this study was to investigate in detail the mechanism(s) responsible for transcriptional regulation of the genes SPAG6 and L1TD1 in NSCLCs...
January 5, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092669/interplay-between-epigenetics-and-metabolism-in-oncogenesis-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-approaches
#20
REVIEW
C C Wong, Y Qian, J Yu
Epigenetic and metabolic alterations in cancer cells are highly intertwined. Oncogene-driven metabolic rewiring modifies the epigenetic landscape via modulating the activities of DNA and histone modification enzymes at the metabolite level. Conversely, epigenetic mechanisms regulate the expression of metabolic genes, thereby altering the metabolome. Epigenetic-metabolomic interplay has a critical role in tumourigenesis by coordinately sustaining cell proliferation, metastasis and pluripotency. Understanding the link between epigenetics and metabolism could unravel novel molecular targets, whose intervention may lead to improvements in cancer treatment...
January 16, 2017: Oncogene
keyword
keyword
81160
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"