keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

off pump surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109568/one-or-two-internal-thoracic-grafts-long-term-follow-up-of-957-off-pump-coronary-bypass-surgeries
#1
Dmitry Pevni, Yanai Ben-Gal, Rephael Mohr, Amir Ganiel, Yosef Paz, Amir Kramer, Nahum Nesher
BACKGROUND: The potential survival benefit of bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCABG) is controversial owing to the technical complexity of these operations. Our objective was to compare the outcome of patients undergoing OPCABG with BITA to the outcome of patients undergoing OPCABG with a single internal thoracic artery (SITA) and saphenous vein grafts or radial artery. METHODS: Five hundred and thirty-five consecutive patients who underwent OPCABG BITA at our institute between 2000 and 2008 were compared with 422 patients who underwent OPCABG with SITA...
January 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077531/sodium-bicarbonate-does-not-prevent-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-after-off-pump-coronary-revascularization-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
S Soh, J W Song, J K Shim, J H Kim, Y L Kwak
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common morbidity after off-pump coronary revascularization. We investigated whether perioperative administration of sodium bicarbonate, which might reduce renal injury by alleviating oxidative stress in renal tubules, prevents postoperative AKI in off-pump coronary revascularization patients having renal risk factors. METHODS: Patients (n=162) having at least one of the following AKI risk factors were enrolled: (i) age >70 yr; (ii) diabetes mellitus; (iii) chronic renal disease; (iv) congestive heart failure or left ventricular ejection fraction <35%; and (v) reoperation or emergency...
October 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074802/goal-directed-therapy-improves-the-outcome-of-high-risk-cardiac-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass
#3
Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Rohan Magoon, Rajinder Singh Rawat, Yatin Mehta, Sameer Taneja, R Ravi, Milind P Hote
BACKGROUND: There has been a constant emphasis on developing management strategies to improve the outcome of high-risk cardiac patients undergoing surgical revascularization. The performance of coronary artery bypass surgery on an off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) avoids the risks associated with extra-corporeal circulation. The preliminary results of goal-directed therapy (GDT) for hemodynamic management of high-risk cardiac surgical patients are encouraging. The present study was conducted to study the outcome benefits with the combined use of GDT with OPCAB as compared to the conventional hemodynamic management...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074788/comparison-of-two-doses-of-heparin-on-outcome-in-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-patients-a-prospective-randomized-control-study
#4
Murali Chakravarthy, Dattatreya Prabhakumar, Patil Thimmannagowda, Jayaprakash Krishnamoorthy, Antony George, Vivek Jawali
INTRODUCTION: While off pump coronary artery bypass surgery is practiced with an intention to reduce the morbidity associated with cardiopulmonary bypass, the resultant 'hypercoagulability' needs to be addressed. Complications such as cavitary thrombus possibly due to the hyper coagulability after off pump coronary artery bypass surgery have been described. Many clinicians use higher doses of heparin - up to 5 mg/kg in order to thwart this fear. Overall, there appears to be no consensus on the dose of heparin in off pump coronary artery bypass surgeries...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054177/factors-associated-with-a-low-initial-cerebral-oxygen-saturation-value-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#5
Kensuke Kobayashi, Tadashi Kitamura, Satoshi Kohira, Shinzo Torii, Tetsuya Horai, Mitsuhiro Hirata, Toshiaki Mishima, Koichi Sughimoto, Hirotoki Ohkubo, Yusuke Irisawa, Takuya Matsushiro, Hidenori Hayashi, Yurie Miyata, Yuta Tsuchida, Naoki Ohtomo, Kagami Miyaji
Regional cerebral oximetry using near-infrared spectroscopy device, an INVOS 5100 C (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA), during cardiac surgery aims to avoid perioperative neurological impairment, especially during cardiopulmonary bypass. However, it is not uncommon to encounter critically low initial cerebral regional oxygen saturation or a low value unresponsive to intervention. Therefore, it is important to identify factors associated with low saturation value other than true cerebral hypoxia. We investigated the relationship between preoperative regional cerebral oxygen saturation and clinical variables during cardiac surgery...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043851/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#6
REVIEW
N Robert
Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) consists in applying subatmospheric pressure to a wound that is sealed off by a specially designed dressing and connected by a tube to a suction pump and drainage collection system. Skin defects are extremely common in orthopaedic and trauma surgery. NPWT is valuable across a range of indications. Proven effects include an increase in blood flow, stimulation of angiogenesis, and a decrease in wound surface area. NPWT can be used to treat post-traumatic and surgical wounds, burns, and chronic wounds such as pressure sores and ulcers...
December 30, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038718/preoperative-values-of-inflammatory-markers-predict-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-after-cabg-regardless-of-the-use-of-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#7
Dariusz Plicner, Jarosław Stoliński, Marcin Wąsowicz, Bugusław Gawęda, Hubert Hymczak, Bogusław Kapelak, Rafał Drwiła, Anetta Undas
OBJECTIVE: The impact of systemic inflammation on clinical outcomes after CABG surgery is still controversial. In this study, we evaluated the impact of the markers of inflammation, endothelial damage and platelet activation on clinical outcomes after on- and off-pump CABG. METHODS: A group of 191 consecutive on- and off-pump CABG patients were prospectively studied. Blood samples were drawn before surgery, 18-36h after the procedure and 5-7 days postoperatively and analyzed for 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α), asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and β-thromboglobulin (β-TG)...
December 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990115/urgent-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-a-patient-with-postinfarction-angina-and-active-myelomonocytic-leukaemia
#8
Samuel Anthony Galea, Joseph Galea
Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) is a myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm affecting the production and differentiation of the monocyte cell lineage. Cardiac surgery in the context of CMML poses challenges that are not routinely encountered. This is the first reported case in the literature of a patient with active CMML undergoing urgent on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. A 68-year-old Caucasian man with a history of hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, hypothyroidism, and hypercholesterolaemia, who had been diagnosed by the haematologists with CMML a few months earlier but had remained untreated, underwent urgent surgical coronary revascularisation because of postinfarction angina following a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction associated with troponin I rise...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982345/comparison-of-early-outcomes-with-three-approaches-for-combined-coronary-revascularization-and-carotid-endarterectomy
#9
Arzu Antal Dönmez, Taylan Adademir, Hakan Sacli, Cengiz Koksal, Mete Alp
Objective: This study aims to compare three different surgical approaches for combined coronary and carotid artery stenosis as a single stage procedure and to assess effect of operative strategy on mortality and neurological complications. Methods: This retrospective study involves 136 patients who had synchronous coronary artery revascularization and carotid endarterectomy in our institution, between January 2002 and December 2012. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the surgical technique used...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965919/results-of-protocol-based-perioperative-management-in-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-for-patients-with-non-dialysis-dependent-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
Jeong-Won Kim, Hyung Tae Sim, Jae Suk Yoo, Dong Jin Kim, Kwang Ree Cho
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated the benefits of off-pump coronary bypass grafting over the on-pump technique in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). To further reduce the risk of acute kidney injury and the need for renal replacement therapy, even in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, we adopted protocol-based perioperative management for patients with CKD. METHODS: From December 2012 to March 2015, 265 patients underwent isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955911/impact-of-multiple-arterial-grafts-in-off-pump-and-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#11
Umberto Benedetto, Massimo Caputo, Giovanni Mariscalco, Mario Gaudino, Pierpaolo Chivasso, Alan Bryan, Gianni D Angelini
OBJECTIVES: There is growing concern that off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) is associated with reduced long-term survival compared with traditional on-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB); however, most of available comparisons between OPCAB and ONCAB focus on single-artery (SA) revascularization. We sought to investigate the impact of using multiple arterial (MA) conduits in the comparison between OPCAB versus ONCAB by performing a single-center, long-term propensity score base analysis...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942485/a-systematic-review-on-robotic-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Christopher Cao, Praveen Indraratna, Mathew Doyle, David H Tian, Kevin Liou, Stine Munkholm-Larsen, Ciska Uys, Sohaib Virk
BACKGROUND: Robotic-assisted coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) has been performed over the past decade. Despite encouraging results from selected centres, there is a paucity of robust clinical data to establish its clinical safety and efficacy. The present systematic review aimed to identify all relevant clinical data on robotic CABG. The primary endpoint was perioperative mortality, and secondary endpoints included perioperative morbidities, anastomotic complications, and long-term survival...
November 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942402/off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-opcabg-a-personal-european-perspective
#13
David P Taggart
Although popularised over two decades ago off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) has seen a decrease in utilisation especially over the last decade. This has been due to publication of a number of trials which suggested inferior outcomes with OPCABG. However, the validity of the findings in these trials has been questioned on the basis of doubts over operator experience as witnessed by large numbers of cross-overs. Two more recent large randomised trials have shown very similar outcomes between on and off-pump surgery up to 1- and 5-year outcomes are imminently due...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942401/two-decades-of-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-harefield-experience
#14
REVIEW
Shahzad G Raja
The morbidity and mortality associated with conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) attributed to invasiveness of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been well documented. Recognition of this invasiveness with a focus centered on abolishing, or at least reducing the CPB associated morbidity and mortality led to the resurgence of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery nearly two decades ago. At about the same time, OPCAB was adopted at Harefield hospital partly as an institutional drive to promote innovation and partly as a strategy to improve outcomes...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942398/off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-octogenarians
#15
REVIEW
Shahzad G Raja
Enhanced life expectancy has confronted cardiac surgery with a rapidly growing population of octogenarians needing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Octogenarians are deemed a high-risk patient population with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality following conventional CABG using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). In such patients reducing the invasiveness of the surgical procedure by avoiding CPB may be tried in an attempt to improve outcomes. The increasing performance of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting within certain centers reflects surgeon preference to avoid the inherent risks of CPB and cardioplegic arrest including hemodilution, nonpulsatile arterial flow, global myocardial ischemia, atherosclerotic embolization from aortic manipulation, and systemic inflammatory response...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942397/off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-high-risk-patients-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Gustavo A Guida, Pierpaolo Chivasso, Daniel Fudulu, Filippo Rapetto, Christo Sedmakov, Roberto Marsico, Mustafa Zakkar, Alan J Bryan, Gianni D Angelini
The role of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting in high risk patients remains controversial. While there have been studies showing the potential benefits of it, there is still a lot to be learned from the application of this technique in this sub-group of patients. The results of the different trials and papers that we reviewed seem to indicate a benefit in the OPCAB group. Despite of the fact that trials were significantly different in methodology, especially when choosing the risk score stratification tool or the cut-off to define high risk the literature seems to suggest a benefit from the use of OPCAB surgery...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942396/off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-left-main-stem-stenosis-outcomes-concerns-and-controversies
#17
REVIEW
Leonidas V Athanasopoulos, Thanos Athanasiou
Left main stem (LMS) disease is known to be a poor prognostic factor in terms of morbidity or mortality. Traditionally, it has been treated with constitution of bypass to provide required haemodynamic stability. We searched the literature for evidence on off-pump (OFP) surgery for treating this high-risk group of patients focusing in our review on postoperative outcomes, concerns and controversies. The majority of the studies identified showed favourable or equal outcomes of OFP when compared to conventional approach...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942394/current-outcomes-of-off-pump-versus-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-evidence-from-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Daniel Fudulu, Umberto Benedetto, Gustavo Guida Pecchinenda, Pierpaolo Chivasso, Vito Domenico Bruno, Filippo Rapetto, Alan Bryan, Gianni Davide Angelini
Coronary artery bypass grafting remains the standard treatment for patients with extensive coronary artery disease. Coronary surgery without use of cardiopulmonary bypass avoids the deleterious systemic inflammatory effects of the extracorporeal circuit. However there is an ongoing debate surrounding the clinical outcomes after on-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB versus OPCAB) surgery. The current review is based on evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses of randomized studies...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939574/effect-of-perioperative-pregabalin-on-postoperative-quality-of-recovery-in-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-opcabg-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-trial
#19
Deepak Prakash Borde, Savani Sameer Futane, Balaji Asegaonkar, Pramod Apsingekar, Sujeet Khade, Bapu Khodve, Manish Puranik, Antony George, Shreedhar Joshi
OBJECTIVES: Use of pregabalin is increasing in cardiac surgical patients. However, studies using comprehensive scoring systems are lacking on the drug's impact on postoperative recovery. The authors tested the hypothesis that perioperative oral pregabalin improves the postoperative quality of recovery as assessed using the Quality of Recovery (QoR-40) questionnaire in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG). DESIGN: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939502/magnetic-resonance-imaging-assessment-of-cardiac-function-in-a-swine-model-of-hibernating-myocardium-3%C3%A2-months-following-bypass-surgery
#20
Laura L Hocum Stone, Cory Swingen, Christopher Holley, Christin Wright, Erin Chappuis, Herbert B Ward, Edward O McFalls, Rosemary F Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies demonstrate delayed recovery of hibernating myocardium (HM) following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is effective in identifying HM in clinical settings. Our animal model of HM shows partial but incomplete functional recovery 1 month following CABG using echocardiography. This study uses CMR imaging to determine completeness of recovery 3 months post-CABG. METHODS: Swine (N = 12) underwent left anterior descending artery (LAD) 1...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
keyword
keyword
81153
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"