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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640217/suboptimal-iodine-concentration-in-breastmilk-and-inadequate-iodine-intake-among-lactating-women-in-norway
#1
Sigrun Henjum, Anne Marie Lilleengen, Inger Aakre, Anna Dudareva, Elin Lovise Folven Gjengedal, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Anne Lise Brantsæter
Breastfed infants depend on sufficient maternal iodine intake for optimal growth and neurological development. Despite this, few studies have assessed iodine concentrations in human milk and there is currently no published data on iodine status among lactating women in Norway. The aim of this study was to assess iodine concentrations in breast milk (BMIC) in lactating women and estimate iodine intake. Five Mother and Child Health Centres in Oslo were randomly selected during 2016, and 175 lactating women between 2nd and 28th weeks postpartum participated...
June 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598991/change-in-potato-consumption-among-norwegian-women-1998-2005-the-norwegian-women-and-cancer-study-nowac
#2
Ambrose Ojodale Attah, Tonje Braaten, Guri Skeie
Studies have shown that potato consumption in Norway have been on the decline in recent years. Increase in income and the association of potato consumption with weight gain and chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes have been identified as some of the factors responsible for the change. The aim of this study was to describe the change in potato consumption within persons and how non-dietary variables influenced that change among participants in the Norwegian Women and Cancer study (NOWAC). A prospective analysis was performed in the NOWAC cohort using linear regression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594935/a-nested-case-control-study-of-277-prediagnostic-serum-cytokines-and-glioma
#3
Judith Schwartzbaum, Min Wang, Elisabeth Root, Maciej Pietrzak, Grzegorz A Rempala, Ruo-Pan Huang, Tom Borge Johannesen, Tom K Grimsrud
Recent research shows bidirectional communication between the normal brain and the peripheral immune system. Glioma is a primary brain tumor characterized by systemic immunosuppression. To better understand gliomagenesis, we evaluated associations between 277 prediagnostic serum cytokines and glioma. We used glioma (n = 487) and matched control (n = 487) specimens from the Janus Serum Bank Cohort in Oslo, Norway. Conditional logistic regression allowed us to identify those cytokines that were individually associated with glioma...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589007/are-national-policies-on-global-health-in-fact-national-policies-on-global-health-governance-a-comparison-of-policy-designs-from-norway-and-switzerland
#4
Catherine M Jones, Carole Clavier, Louise Potvin
BACKGROUND: Since the signing of the Oslo Ministerial Declaration in 2007, the idea that foreign policy formulation should include health considerations has gained traction on the United Nations agenda as evidenced by annual General Assembly resolutions on global health and foreign policy. The adoption of national policies on global health (NPGH) is one way that some member states integrate health and foreign policymaking. This paper explores what these policies intend to do and how countries plan to do it...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564647/64th-orca-congress-july-5-8-2017-oslo-norway-abstracts
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557540/prediction-of-long-term-survival-in-patients-with-metastatic-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-analysis-of-a-large-single-institution-cohort
#6
Ivar Hompland, Øyvind Sverre Bruland, Toto Hølmebakk, Jan Peter Poulsen, Stephan Stoldt, Kirsten Sundby Hall, Kjetil Boye
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with metastatic GIST become long-term survivors, and a more precise prediction of outcome could improve clinical decision-making. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-hundred and thirty-three patients diagnosed with metastatic GIST from 1995 to 2013 were identified from the sarcoma database at Oslo University Hospital. Clinical data prospectively registered in the database were supplemented with retrospective review of medical records. Factors associated with survival were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier curves, log-rank test, univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses...
May 30, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554112/wastewater-based-epidemiology-to-assess-pan-european-pesticide-exposure
#7
Nikolaos I Rousis, Emma Gracia-Lor, Ettore Zuccato, Richard Bade, Jose Antonio Baz-Lomba, Erika Castrignanò, Ana Causanilles, Adrian Covaci, Pim de Voogt, Félix Hernàndez, Barbara Kasprzyk-Hordern, Juliet Kinyua, Ann-Kathrin McCall, Benedek Gy Plósz, Pedram Ramin, Yeonsuk Ryu, Kevin V Thomas, Alexander van Nuijs, Zhugen Yang, Sara Castiglioni
Human biomonitoring, i.e. the determination of chemicals and/or their metabolites in human specimens, is the most common and potent tool for assessing human exposure to pesticides, but it suffers from limitations such as high costs and biases in sampling. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) is an innovative approach based on the chemical analysis of specific human metabolic excretion products (biomarkers) in wastewater, and provides objective and real-time information on xenobiotics directly or indirectly ingested by a population...
May 21, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549262/passive-sampling-of-wastewater-as-a-tool-for-the-long-term-monitoring-of-community-exposure-illicit-and-prescription-drug-trends-as-a-proof-of-concept
#8
J A Baz-Lomba, Christopher Harman, Malcolm Reid, Kevin V Thomas
A passive sampling device, the Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler (POCIS), was calibrated in-situ over a 4-week period in Oslo (Norway) for 10 illicit drugs and pharmaceuticals with the goal of developing an approach for monitoring long-term wastewater drug loads. The calibrations were performed in triplicate using three different overlapping calibration sets under changing environmental conditions that allowed the uncertainty of the sampling rates to be evaluated. All 10 compounds exhibited linear uptake kinetics and provided sampling rates of between 0...
May 20, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540633/olfactory-neuroblastoma-a-single-center-experience
#9
Marton König, Terje Osnes, Peter Jebsen, Jan Folkvard Evensen, Torstein R Meling
Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a potentially curable disease, despite being an aggressive malignancy with a poor natural history. Our goal was to evaluate management outcomes for patients with ONB treated at our institution. Our prospective database for brain tumors and the pathology registry of head and neck cancers at Oslo University Hospital were searched to identify all patients treated for ONB between 1998 and 2016. Variables extracted from these databases, supplemented by retrospective chart reviews, underwent thorough analysis...
May 25, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532937/collagen-crosslinking-with-conventional-and-accelerated-ultraviolet-a-irradiation-using-riboflavin-with-hydroxypropyl-methylcellulose
#10
Anne Marie Hagem, Andreas Thorsrud, Gunhild Falleth Sandvik, Marianne Råen, Liv Drolsum
PURPOSE: To evaluate corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) with conventional and accelerated ultraviolet-A (UVA) irradiation using riboflavin with methylcellulose. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. DESIGN: Prospective randomized case series. METHODS: Patients with keratoconus were randomized to have CXL using conventional 3 mW/cm(2) UVA irradiation for 30 minutes (CXL30) or accelerated 9 mW/cm(2) UVA irradiation for 10 minutes (CXL10)...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506268/ethnic-differences-in-folic-acid-supplement-use-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-pregnant-women-in-norway
#11
Tarja I Kinnunen, Line Sletner, Christine Sommer, Martine C Post, Anne Karen Jenum
BACKGROUND: Peri-conceptional use of folic acid supplements is recommended to prevent neural tube defects. Correct supplement use seems to be less common among ethnic minorities. We examined ethnic differences in folic acid supplement use before and during pregnancy and possible effect modification by education or planning of pregnancy. METHODS: The participants were 811 healthy pregnant women from a population-based cohort study in Oslo, Norway in 2008-2010. Ethnicity was categorized to five groups (European, Middle Eastern, South Asian, East Asian, African)...
May 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505075/knowledge-about-iodine-in-pregnant-and-lactating-women-in-the-oslo-area-norway
#12
Lisa Garnweidner-Holme, Inger Aakre, Anne Marie Lilleengen, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Sigrun Henjum
BACKGROUND: Lack of knowledge about iodine may be a risk factor for iodine deficiency in pregnant and lactating women. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge about iodine and predictors of iodine knowledge scores among pregnant and lactating women. The study also examined whether iodine knowledge scores were associated with iodine status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on 804 pregnant women and 175 lactating women from 18 to 44 years of age in 2016 in the Oslo area, Norway...
May 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496253/survey-on-the-use-of-cad-cam-technology-by-uk-and-irish-dental-technicians
#13
E Blackwell, M Nesbit, H Petridis
Statement of the problem Digital workflows (CAD/CAM) have been introduced in dentistry during recent years. No published information exists on dental technicians' use and reporting of this technology.Purpose The aim of this cross sectional survey was to identify the extent digital technology has infiltrated the workplace and to investigate the factors affecting the use of CAD-CAM technology by dental laboratory technicians within Ireland and the UK.Materials and methods A web-based questionnaire was composed (Opinio, Object Planet Inc...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481249/nocturnal-road-traffic-noise-exposure-and-children-s-sleep-duration-and-sleep-problems
#14
Kjell Vegard Weyde, Norun Hjertager Krog, Bente Oftedal, Jorunn Evandt, Per Magnus, Simon Øverland, Charlotte Clark, Stephen Stansfeld, Gunn Marit Aasvang
Almost half of the European Union (EU)'s population is exposed to road traffic noise above levels that constitute a health risk. Associations between road traffic noise and impaired sleep in adults have consistently been reported. Less is known about effects of noise on children's sleep. The aim of this study was to examine the association between nocturnal road traffic noise exposure and children's parental-reported sleep duration and sleep problems. The present cross-sectional study used data from The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471864/mycoplasma-pneumoniae-a-cross-sectional-population-based-comparison-of-disease-severity-in-pre-school-and-school-age-children
#15
Christopher Stephen Inchley, Are Stuwitz Berg, Afsaneh Vahdani Benam, Anne Katrine Kvissel, Truls Michael Leegaard, Britt Nakstad
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) causes epidemics of upper respiratory disease and pneumonia. It is thought that MP usually causes milder upper respiratory disease in pre-school children, with a greater chance of pneumonia in school-age children. In this population-based cross-sectional study, we present evidence that severe MP infection is more common in pre-school children than previously thought. METHODS: During an MP epidemic in our area widespread health service and public awareness lead to extensive testing for MP...
May 3, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468694/vitamin-d-levels-during-pregnancy-and-associations-with-birth-weight-and-body-composition-of-the-newborn-a-longitudinal-multiethnic-population-based-study
#16
Åse R Eggemoen, Anne K Jenum, Ibrahimu Mdala, Kirsten V Knutsen, Per Lagerløv, Line Sletner
We investigated associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in pregnancy and birth weight and other neonatal anthropometric measures. The present study was a population-based, multiethnic cohort study of 719 pregnant women (59 % ethnic minorities) in Oslo, Norway, delivering a singleton neonate at term and with birth weight measurements. In a representative sample, anthropometric measurements were taken. Maternal 25(OH)D was measured at gestational weeks 15 and 28. Women with 25(OH)D <37 nmol/l were recommended vitamin D3 supplementation...
May 4, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464743/monte-carlo-simulations-of-a-low-energy-proton-beamline-for-radiobiological-experiments
#17
Tordis J Dahle, Anne Marit Rykkelid, Camilla H Stokkevåg, Andrea Mairani, Andreas Görgen, Nina J Edin, Eivind Rørvik, Lars Fredrik Fjæra, Eirik Malinen, Kristian S Ytre-Hauge
BACKGROUND: In order to determine the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of protons with high accuracy, radiobiological experiments with detailed knowledge of the linear energy transfer (LET) are needed. Cell survival data from high LET protons are sparse and experiments with low energy protons to achieve high LET values are therefore required. The aim of this study was to quantify LET distributions from a low energy proton beam by using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations, and to further compare to a proton beam representing a typical minimum energy available at clinical facilities...
June 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451070/like-a-bridge-over-troubled-water-a-longitudinal-study-of-general-social-support-colleague-support-and-leader-support-as-recovery-factors-after-a-traumatic-event
#18
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Marianne Bang Hansen, Stein Knardahl, Trond Heir
Background: Whereas the association between social support and psychological distress has been well-established through both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, less is known about whether social support influences rate of change in psychological distress over time. Nor is it clear whether social support predicts baseline psychological distress, or, more importantly, whether social support may contribute to more rapid recovery following trauma exposure. Objective: This study aimed to determine the extent to which social support contributed to the recovery process among individuals with psychological distress after being exposed to trauma...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441973/treatment-limiting-decisions-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-norwegian-regional-trauma-center
#19
Annette Robertsen, Reidun Førde, Nils Oddvar Skaga, Eirik Helseth
BACKGROUND: Treatment-limiting decisions (TLD) for severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) have been sparsely studied. This study determine prevalence, main reason for, categories and timing of TLDs in a Norwegian regional trauma setting. METHODS: A retrospective study of a 2-year cohort of 579 sTBI patients admitted to Oslo University Hospital (OUH). Prospectively collected data in the OUH Trauma Registry were combined with retrospective data from a chart review regarding TLDs...
April 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441952/management-of-suspected-primary-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-pregnant-women-in-norway-twenty-years-of-experience-of-amniocentesis-in-a-low-prevalence-population
#20
Gry Findal, Anne Helbig, Guttorm Haugen, Pål A Jenum, Babill Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Primary infection with Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy may pose a threat to the fetus. Women infected prior to conception are unlikely to transmit the parasite to the fetus. If maternal serology indicates a possible primary infection, amniocentesis for toxoplasma PCR analysis is performed and antiparasitic treatment given. However, discriminating between primary and latent infection is challenging and unnecessary amniocenteses may occur. Procedure-related fetal loss after amniocentesis is of concern...
April 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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