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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225234/-renovascular-disease-in-children-a%C3%A2-rare-diagnosis-with-few-symptoms
#1
Hjørdis Thorsteinsdottir, Eric Dorenberg, Pål-Dag Line, Anna Bjerre
BACKGROUND To estimate the prevalence, symptoms, causes and treatment of renovascular disease in children, and also to assess the degree of secondary organ damage to the heart, kidneys and eyes (end organ damage).MATERIAL AND METHOD Retrospective review of data for all children (0 - 16 years) who were examined for resistant hypertension in the period 1998 - 2013 at Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet.RESULTS A total of 21 children/adolescents (median age 8.5 years, 11 girls) were assessed and treated for resistant hypertension in the study period...
February 2017: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219686/very-high-prevalence-of-frozen-shoulder-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-of-more-than-45-years-duration-the-dialong-shoulder-study
#2
Niels Gunnar Juel, Jens Ivar Brox, Cathrine Brunborg, Kristine Bech Holte, Tore Julsrud Berg
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of shoulder disorders and self-reported shoulder disability in patients with long-term type 1 diabetes mellitus and diabetes-free controls and explore the association between the long-term glycemic burden and shoulder disability in the diabetes group. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of shoulder diagnoses with 30 years' historical data on glycemic burden in the diabetes patients. SETTING: Questionnaires, interviews and medical records were collected at the Norwegian Diabetics Center (NDC)...
February 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216312/bone-marrow-lesions-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-hand-osteoarthritis-are-associated-with-pain-and-interact-with-synovitis
#3
R Liu, W Damman, M Reijnierse, J L Bloem, F R Rosendaal, M Kloppenburg
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between bone marrow lesions (BMLs) and (teno)synovitis as assessed on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in patients with pain in hand osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: In 105 consecutive primary hand OA patients (83% women, mean age 59 years), who were diagnosed by rheumatologists and included in the HOSTAS (Hand OSTeoArthritis in Secondary care) cohort, contrast enhanced MR imaging of right distal and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints were obtained...
February 12, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209606/long-term-experiences-of-norwegian-live-kidney-donors-qualitative-in-depth-interviews
#4
Käthe B Meyer, Ida Torunn Bjørk, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Annette Lennerling, Marit Helen Andersen
OBJECTIVE: Live kidney donation is generally viewed as a welcome treatment option for severe kidney disease. However, there is a disparity in the body of research on donor experiences and postdonation outcome, and lack of knowledge on long-term consequences described by the donors. This study was conducted to provide insight into donors' subjective meanings and interpretation of their experiences ∼10 years after donation. DESIGN: Qualitative explorative in-depth interviews...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209569/injury-rates-in-recreational-tennis-players-do-not-differ-between-different-playing-surfaces
#5
Babette M Pluim, Benjamin Clarsen, Evert Verhagen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in the prevalence of tennis injuries between the four most common court surfaces in the Netherlands, including hard court, clay, sand-fill artificial grass and red-sand-fill artificial grass. Natural grass was not included in this study. METHODS: This was a repeated cross-sectional study over 6 months, involving members of the Royal Netherlands Lawn Tennis Association (KNLTB). A monthly questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 20 000 KNLTB members, stratified by their club's playing surface...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202795/tuberculosis-outbreak-in-an-educational-institution-in-norway
#6
Gunnstein Norheim, Siri Seterelv, Trude M Arnesen, Anne Torunn Mengshoel, Tone Tønjum, Janne O Rønning, Vegard Eldholm
Within one week in April 2013, three cases of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) were reported among students attending training sessions at an educational institution in Oslo, Norway. By the end of October 2013, a total of nine epidemiologically linked cases had been reported. The outbreak encompassed a total of 24 cases in the period 2009-14, among which all of the 22 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates available had identical MIRU-VNTR profile (MtbC15-9 code 10287-189), belonging to the Beijing lineage. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) of the M...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161885/victimization-from-workplace-bullying-after-a-traumatic-event-time-lagged-relationships-with-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress
#7
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Marianne Bang Hansen, Stein Knardahl, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVE: This study examined relationships between victimization from bullying and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS) after exposure to a terror attack at the workplace. It was hypothesized that (1) victims of bullying report higher and more stable levels of PTSS over time compared to their non-bullied colleagues and (2) that PTSS provides an increased risk of subsequent victimization from bullying. METHODS: The hypotheses were tested in a two-wave prospective sample comprising 2337 employees from Norwegian governmental ministries who were exposed to the 2011 Oslo terror attack...
February 4, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145147/smoking-and-alcohol-use-are-associated-with-structural-and-inflammatory-hand-osteoarthritis-features
#8
K Magnusson, A Mathiessen, H B Hammer, T K Kvien, B Slatkowsky-Christensen, B Natvig, K B Hagen, N Østerås, I K Haugen
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether smoking and alcohol use are associated with hand osteoarthritis (OA) features in two different OA cohorts. METHOD: We studied 530 people with radiographic hand OA from the Musculoskeletal pain in Ullensaker STudy (MUST) and 187 people from the Oslo hand OA cohort [mean (sd) age 65 (8.0) and 62 (5.7) years, 71% and 91% women, respectively]. Smoking, alcohol use and hand pain were self-reported. Participants underwent conventional hand radiographs and ultrasound examination of 30 hand joints...
February 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139031/abstracts-from-the-2016-annual-meeting-of-the-scandinavian-physiological-society-university-of-oslo-oslo-norway-26th-28th-august-2016
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137255/the-norwegian-dietary-guidelines-and-colorectal-cancer-survival-crc-nordiet-study-a-food-based-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Hege Berg Henriksen, Hanna Ræder, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn, Ingvild Paur, Ane Sørlie Kværner, Siv Åshild Billington, Morten Tandberg Eriksen, Gro Wiedsvang, Iris Erlund, Arne Færden, Marit Bragelien Veierød, Manuela Zucknick, Sigbjørn Smeland, Rune Blomhoff
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer survivors are not only at risk for recurrent disease but also at increased risk of comorbidities such as other cancers, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension and functional decline. In this trial, we aim at investigating whether a diet in accordance with the Norwegian food-based dietary guidelines and focusing at dampening inflammation and oxidative stress will improve long-term disease outcomes and survival in colorectal cancer patients. METHODS/DESIGN: This paper presents the study protocol of the Norwegian Dietary Guidelines and Colorectal Cancer Survival study...
January 30, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132033/integration-of-ethnic-minorities-during-group-work-for-vocational-teachers-in-training-in-health-studies
#11
Ursula Småland Goth, Oddhild Bergsli, Else Marie Johanesen
Objectives: To determine how to enhance integration of minority students in health education, and thereby improve intercultural communication skills and cultural sensitivity in a sample of health teacher students in Norway. Methods: After a group-work intervention and for a period of six months afterwards we followed an "action research" approach and observed 47 health teachers-in-training in their first year at the Oslo and Akershus University College during classroom interactions...
January 28, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128589/simultaneous-microscopic-description-of-nuclear-level-density-and-radiative-strength-function
#12
N Quang Hung, N Dinh Dang, L T Quynh Huong
The nuclear level density (NLD) and radiative strength function (RSF) are simultaneously described within a microscopic approach, which takes into account the thermal effects of the exact pairing as well as the giant resonances within the phonon-damping model. The good agreement between the results of calculations and experimental data extracted by the Oslo group for ^{170,171,172}Yb isotopes shows the importance of exact thermal pairing in the description of NLD at low and intermediate excitation energies...
January 13, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125978/expectations-of-pain-and-functioning-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Sigrid Skatteboe, Cecilie Røe, Morten Wang Fagerland, Lars-Petter Granan
BACKGROUND: Research has suggested that patient expectations are associated with treatment outcome and evolve along with patient communication within the musculoskeletal field. However, few studies have investigated if or how physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMR) consultations affect the attending patients' expectations regarding pain and functional improvement. Hence, the aims of the present study were to compare patient expectations regarding pain and functional improvement before and after a PMR consultation and to assess patient characteristics, including diagnosis, that could perhaps predict changes in expectations...
January 26, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121418/ruthenium-ii-complex-incorporated-uio-67-metal-organic-framework-nanoparticles-for-enhanced-two-photon-fluorescence-imaging-and-photodynamic-cancer-therapy
#14
Rui Chen, Jinfeng Zhang, Jipsa Chelora, Yuan Xiong, Stephen V Kershaw, King Fai Li, Pik-Kwan Lo, Kok Wai Cheah, Andrey L Rogach, Juan Antonio Zapien, Chun-Sing Lee
Ruthenium(II) tris(bipyridyl) cationic complex (Ru(bpy)3(2+)) incorporated UiO-67 (Universitetet i Oslo) nanoscale metal-organic frameworks (NMOFs) with an average diameter of ∼92 nm were developed as theranostic nanoplatform for in vitro two-photon fluorescence imaging and photodynamic therapy. After incorporation into porous UiO-67 nanoparticles, the quantum yield, luminescence lifetime, and two-photon fluorescence intensity of Ru(bpy)3(2+) guest molecules were much improved owing to the steric confinement effect of MOF pores...
February 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103399/for-whom-does-time-heal-wounds-individual-differences-in-stability-and-change-in-posttraumatic-stress-after-the-2011-oslo-bombing
#15
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Marianne Bang Hansen, Ines Blix, Øivind Solberg, Trond Heir
Prospective studies describing and predicting individual differences in the course of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after disasters are scarce. The present study aimed to describe and predict individual differences in both the level and the rate of change in PTSS after the 2011 Oslo bombing, a terrorist attack directed at the Norwegian government. Survey data from ministerial employees (N = 256) were collected 10, 22, and 34 months after the bombing. We used latent growth modeling to examine the development of PTSS, and to identify the strength of predictor variables...
February 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095723/increased-long-term-mortality-after-survival-of-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-a-population-based-study
#16
Hans Kristian Floeystad, Are Holm, Leiv Sandvik, Didrik Frimann Vestrheim, Bjorn Brandsaeter, Dag Berild
OBJECTIVES: We studied if patients surviving hospitalization for invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) have an increased long-term mortality. METHODS: In this population-based case-control study, we assessed adults discharged from Aker University Hospital in Oslo, Norway, from 1993 to 2008 after surviving IPD. Mortality among the study population was compared to the general Norwegian population using standardized mortality ratios (SMR). Median follow-up time was 7...
January 17, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095097/facilitating-awareness-of-philosophy-of-science-ethics-and-communication-through-manual-skills-training-in-undergraduate-education
#17
Hilde Lund Kordahl, Marit Fougner
BACKGROUND: Professional health science education includes a common theoretical basis concerning the theory of science, ethics and communication. Former evaluations by first-year students of the bachelor physiotherapy program at Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences (HiOA) show that they find it hard to understand the relation between these particular topics and future professional practice. This challenge is the starting point for a pedagogical development project that aims to develop learning contexts that highlight the relevance of these theoretical concepts...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089974/cardiopulmonary-disease-development-in-anti-rna-polymerase-iii-positive-systemic-sclerosis-comparative-analyses-from-an-unselected-prospective-patient-cohort
#18
Anna-Maria Hoffmann-Vold, Øyvind Midtvedt, Anders H Tennøe, Torhild Garen, May Brit Lund, Trond M Aaløkken, Arne K Andreassen, Fadi Elhage, Cathrine Brunborg, Eli Taraldsrud, Øyvind Molberg
OBJECTIVE: Extensive skin disease and renal crisis are hallmarks of anti-RNA polymerase III (RNAP)-positive systemic sclerosis (SSc), while lung and heart involvement data are conflicting. Here, the aims were to perform time-course analyses of interstitial lung disease (ILD) and pulmonary hypertension (PH) in the RNAP subset of a prospective unselected SSc cohort and to use the other autoantibody subsets as comparators. METHODS: The study cohort included 279 patients with SSc from the observational Oslo University Hospital cohort with complete data on (1) SSc-related autoantibodies, (2) paired, serial analyses of lung function and fibrosis by computed tomography, and (3) PH verified by right heart catheterization...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078788/violence-involvement-among-nightlife-patrons-the-relative-role-of-demographics-and-substance-use
#19
Trond Nordfjaern
The nightlife setting is a risk context for violence involvement that ultimately may cause severe injuries and fatalities. Few studies have examined associations between alcohol and illicit substance use with physical violence involvement among nightlife patrons. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relative role of demographics and substance use characteristics for nightlife violence involvement among Norwegian nightlife patrons. A cross-sectional self-completion survey was conducted outside 12 licensed premises in Oslo (n = 1099, response rate = 76%) and each respondent's BAC level was measured by a breathalyzer and registered on the questionnaire...
January 12, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077080/should-patients-older-than-65-years-be-offered-a-second-kidney-transplant
#20
Kristian Heldal, Anders Hartmann, Kjersti Lønning, Torbjørn Leivestad, Anna V Reisæter, Pål-Dag Line, Hallvard Holdaas, Karsten Midtvedt
BACKGROUND: Age and number of recipients in need of kidney re-transplantation are increasing. Re-transplantation practices and outcomes in elderly recipients are not previously explored. We aimed to retrospectively evaluate the outcomes of recipients 65 years and older receiving their second deceased donor allograft. METHODS: The study was designed as a retrospective registry based study. All recipients 65 years or older who received a deceased donor kidney transplant at Oslo University Hospital between 2000 and 2014 were included in the study...
January 11, 2017: BMC Nephrology
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