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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918673/predictive-indicators-of-overuse-injuries-in-adolescent-endurance-athletes
#1
Daniel Martínez-Silván, Jaime Díaz-Ocejo, Andrew Murray
PURPOSE: To analyse the influence of training exposure and the utility of self-report questionnaires on predicting overuse injuries in adolescent endurance athletes. METHODS: 5 adolescent male endurance athletes (15.7 ± 1.4 yr) from a full-time sports academy answered 2 questionnaires (Recovery Cue; RC-q & Oslo Sports Trauma Research questionnaire; OSTRC-q) on a weekly basis for one season (37 wks) in order to detect (1) signs of overtraining and under-recovery (RC-q) and (2) early symptoms of lower limb injuries (OSTRC-q)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914839/late-in-the-bag-intraocular-lens-dislocation-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-lens-repositioning-and-lens-exchange
#2
Olav Kristianslund, Marianne Råen, Atle E Østern, Liv Drolsum
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of 2 operation methods for late in-the-bag intraocular lens (IOL) dislocation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, parallel-group surgical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Patients referred to Oslo University Hospital (tertiary referral center). METHODS: We randomly assigned 104 patients (104 eyes) either to IOL repositioning by scleral suturing (n = 54) or to IOL exchange with retropupillary fixation of an iris-claw IOL (n = 50)...
November 30, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899118/surgical-intervention-for-paediatric-liver-injuries-is-almost-history-a-12-year-cohort-from-a-major-scandinavian-trauma-centre
#3
Tomohide Koyama, Jorunn Skattum, Peder Engelsen, Torsten Eken, Christine Gaarder, Pål Aksel Naess
BACKGROUND: Although nonoperative management (NOM) has become standard care, optimal treatment of liver injuries in children is still challenging since many of these patients have multiple injuries. Moreover, the role of angiography remains poorly defined, and a high index of suspicion of complications is warranted. This study reviews treatment and outcomes in children with liver injuries at a major Scandinavian trauma centre over a 12-year period. METHODS: Patients <17 years old with liver injury admitted to Oslo University Hospital Ullevaal during the period 2002-2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 29, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894337/intestinal-dysbiosis-is-common-in-systemic-sclerosis-and-associated-with-gastrointestinal-and-extraintestinal-features-of-disease
#4
Kristofer Andréasson, Zaid Alrawi, Anita Persson, Göran Jönsson, Jan Marsal
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests a link between autoimmunity and the intestinal microbial composition in several rheumatic diseases including systemic sclerosis (SSc). The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of intestinal dysbiosis in SSc and to characterise patients suffering from this potentially immunomodulatory deviation. METHODS: This study consisted of 98 consecutive patients subject to in-hospital care. Stool samples were analysed for intestinal microbiota composition using a validated genome-based microbiota test (GA-map™ Dysbiosis Test, Genetic Analysis, Oslo, Norway)...
November 29, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862608/assessing-prescription-drug-abuse-using-functional-principal-component-analysis-fpca-of-wastewater-data
#5
Stefania Salvatore, Jo Røislien, Jose A Baz-Lomba, Jørgen G Bramness
BACKGROUND: Wastewater-based epidemiology is an alternative method for estimating the collective drug use in a community. We applied functional data analysis, a statistical framework developed for analysing curve data, to investigate weekly temporal patterns in wastewater measurements of three prescription drugs with known abuse potential: methadone, oxazepam and methylphenidate, comparing them to positive and negative control drugs. METHODS: Sewage samples were collected in February 2014 from a wastewater treatment plant in Oslo, Norway...
November 11, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862341/cost-and-clinical-outcome-of-islet-transplantation-in-norway-2010-2015
#6
Simen W Schive, Aksel Foss, Afaf Sahraoui, Kristine Kloster-Jensen, Geir Hafsahl, Gunnar Kvalheim, Torbjørn Lundgren, Bengt von Zur-Mühlen, Marie Felldin, Ehab Rafael, Marko Lempinen, Olle Korsgren, Trond G Jenssen, Vinod Mishra, Hanne Scholz
Islet transplantation is a minimally invasive β-cell replacement strategy. Islet transplantation is a reimbursed treatment in Norway. Here we summarize the cost and clinical outcome of 31 islet transplantations performed at Oslo University Hospital (OUS) from Januray 2010 - June 2015. Patients were retrospectively divided into 3 groups. 13 patients received either one or two islet transplantation alone (ITA), while 5 patients received islet transplantation after previous solid organ transplantation. For the group receiving 2 ITA, Kaplan-Meier estimates show an insulin independence of 20% more than 4 years after their last transplantation...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860442/primary-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-surgical-methods-and-anatomical-outcome
#7
Marta Haugstad, Stefan Moosmayer, Ragnheiður Bragadόttir
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the anatomical success of surgical management of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and to compare the anatomical outcomes from different surgical techniques. METHODS: During 2012, 517 consecutive eyes (514 patients) were operated by 11 surgeons at the Department of Ophthalmology, Oslo University Hospital. Patient records were retrospectively analysed with no exclusions. Main outcome measures were primary and final anatomical success...
November 18, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859889/anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-family-caregivers-of-palliative-cancer-patients-during-home-care-and-after-the-patient-s-death
#8
H Götze, E Brähler, L Gansera, A Schnabel, A Gottschalk-Fleischer, N Köhler
We examined psychological parameters in family caregivers of palliative cancer patients before and after the death of the patients. Caregivers' data about depression and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), quality-of-life (Short Form-8 Health Survey), and social support (Oslo Social Support Scale) were collected at the beginning of home care (t1) and 2 months after the patient had died (t2). Regression models were employed to examine factors related to depression and anxiety in the bereaved caregivers...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858303/multimodal-treatment-of-craniofacial-osteosarcoma-with-high-grade-histology-a-single-center-experience-over-35%C3%A2-years
#9
Marton König, Terje A Osnes, Ingvild Lobmaier, Bodil Bjerkehagen, Øyvind S Bruland, Kirsten Sundby Hall, Torstein R Meling
High-grade craniofacial osteosarcoma (CFOS) is an aggressive malignancy with a poor prognosis. Our goals were to evaluate treatment outcomes in those treated at a single referral institution over 35 years and to compare our results to the available literature. A retrospective analysis of all 42 patients treated between 1980 and 2015 at Oslo University Hospital, Norway, identified in a prospectively collected database, was conducted. Mean follow-up was 79.6 months. Overall survival at 2 and 5 years was 70...
November 17, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855756/a-population-based-study-on-nighttime-road-traffic-noiseand-insomnia
#10
Jorunn Evandt, Bente Oftedal, Norun Hjertager Krog, Per Nafstad, Per Schwarze, Gunn Marit Aasvang
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to investigate how nighttime road traffic noise relates to self-reported symptoms of insomnia and sleep medication use. METHODS: We used questionnaire data from the population-based study Health and Environment in Oslo (HELMILO) (2009-10) (N=13,019). The insomnia symptoms difficulties falling asleep, awakenings during the night and waking up too early in the morning, as well as self-reported sleep medication use were included as outcomes...
November 14, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855223/particulate-matter-2-5-exposure-and-self-reported-use-of-wood-stoves-and-other-indoor-combustion-sources-in-urban-nonsmoking-homes-in-norway
#11
Annah B Wyss, Anna Ciesielski Jones, Anette K Bølling, Grace E Kissling, Ryan Chartier, Hans Jørgen Dahlman, Charles E Rodes, Janet Archer, Jonathan Thornburg, Per E Schwarze, Stephanie J London
Few studies have examined particulate matter (PM) exposure from self-reported use of wood stoves and other indoor combustion sources in urban settings in developed countries. We measured concentrations of indoor PM < 2.5 microns (PM2.5) for one week with the MicroPEM™ nephelometer in 36 households in the greater Oslo, Norway metropolitan area. We examined indoor PM2.5 levels in relation to use of wood stoves and other combustion sources during a 7 day monitoring period using mixed effects linear models with adjustment for ambient PM2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845800/electrocatalytic-water-oxidation-by-a-molecular-catalyst-incorporated-into-a-metal-organic-framework-thin-film
#12
Ben A Johnson, Asamanjoy Bhunia, Sascha Ott
A molecular water oxidation catalyst, [Ru(tpy)(dcbpy)(OH2)](ClO4)2 (tpy = 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine, dcbpy = 2,2'-bipyridine-5,5'-dicarboxylic acid) [1], has been incorporated into FTO-grown thin films of UiO-67 (UiO = University of Oslo), by post-synthetic ligand exchange. Cyclic voltammograms (0.1 M borate buffer at pH = 8.4) of the resulting UiO67-[RuOH2]@FTO show a reversible wave associated with the Ru(III/II) couple in the anodic scan, followed by a large current response that arises from electrocatalytic water oxidation beyond 1...
November 15, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830911/research-ethics-on-the-agenda-the-debates-preceding-the-establishment-of-the-ethics-committees
#13
Nadia Shad Paulsen, Anne Kveim Lie
BACKGROUND This article examines two factors that helped to trigger and drive forward the debate about research ethics committees (now the Regional Committees for Medical and Health Research Ethics) in Norway in the 1970s: the revision of the Declaration of Helsinki by a Scandinavian working group, and the unfolding of the so-called Gro case in the Norwegian national media.METHOD We have used existing literature in the form of books and articles on the history of research ethics from the University Library of the University of Oslo, the National Library of Norway, the History of Science, Technology and Medicine database, and Retriever...
November 2016: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830905/-drug-safety-associated-with-the-change-of-digitalis-drug-in-norway
#14
Christian Haga, Mimi Stokke Opdal, Silja Skogstad Tuv, Per Henrik Zahl, Hanne Stenberg-Nilsen
BACKGROUND In 2011, following a period with delivery problems, the only registered digitoxin drug in Norway was replaced with digoxin. As a result, approximately 21 000 patients had to replace digitoxin with digoxin. There are important pharmacokinetic differences between digitoxin and digoxin (the general term for both drugs is digitalis), which must be taken into account when changing therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate compliance of drug security, during the transition from digitoxin to digoxin in Norway...
November 2016: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813289/takayasu-arteritis-and-pregnancy-a-population-based-study-on-outcome-and-mother-child-related-concerns
#15
Birgir Gudbrandsson, Marianne Wallenius, Torhild Garen, Tore Henriksen, Øyvind Molberg, Øyvind Palm
OBJECTIVES: To assess pregnancy outcome in an unselected Takayasu arteritis (TAK) cohort, and identify pregnancy related concerns. METHODS: Consenting, female patients with TAK were predominantly recruited from a population based South-east Norway TAK cohort. Additional cases (n=8) were recruited at Oslo University Hospital. Data on the number of pregnancies, births and pregnancy outcome before and after disease onset were retrieved from medical charts, patient questionnaires and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN)...
November 3, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810655/if-it-works-there-will-it-work-here-the-effect-of-a-multi-component-responsible-beverage-service-rbs-programme-on-violence-in-oslo
#16
Torbjørn Skardhamar, Silje Bringsrud Fekjær, Willy Pedersen
BACKGROUND: The Stockholm Prevents Alcohol and Drug Problems (STAD) programme has been regarded as one of the most successful programmes to date, in reducing alcohol-related violence. This multi-component Responsible Beverage Service (RBS) programme was implemented in Stockholm, Sweden, and has been documented to be extremely effective in reducing alcohol-related nightlife violence. The SALUTT programme in Oslo, Norway was carefully modelled on the STAD project. AIM: We investigate whether the results from STAD were replicated in the SALUTT intervention...
December 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809815/health-literacy-the-missing-link-in-improving-the-health-of-somali-immigrant-women-in-oslo
#17
Abdi A Gele, Kjell Sverre Pettersen, Liv Elin Torheim, Bernadette Kumar
BACKGROUND: Existing studies report a positive association between inadequate health literacy and immigrant's adverse health outcomes. Despite substantial research on this topic among immigrants, little is known about the level of health literacy among Somali women in Europe, and particularly in Norway. METHODS: A cross sectional study using respondent driven sampling was conducted in Oslo, Norway. A sample of 302 Somali women, 25 years and older, was interviewed using the short version of the European Health Literacy Questionnaire...
November 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797733/german-translation-and-content-validation-of-the-ostrc-questionnaire-on-overuse-injuries-and-health-problems
#18
A Hirschmüller, K Steffen, K Fassbender, B Clarsen, R Leonhard, L Konstantinidis, N P Südkamp, E J Kubosch
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate, culturally adapt and validate the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) Questionnaire on Health Problems into the German context. METHODS: A slightly modified back-translation method was used to translate the questionnaire. Validation was done in 24 high-level Paralympic athletes followed over 20 consecutive weeks. RESULTS: The translated version of the questionnaire showed a very high internal consistency and good test-retest reliability (Cronbach's α 0...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794204/perioperative-outcomes-and-survival-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy
#19
Mushegh A Sahakyan, Bjørn Edwin, Airazat M Kazaryan, Leonid Barkhatov, Trond Buanes, Dejan Ignjatovic, Knut Jørgen Labori, Bård Ingvald Røsok
BACKGROUND: The outcomes following laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) in elderly have not been widely reported to date. This study aimed to analyze perioperative and oncologic outcomes in patients aged ≥70 years (elderly group) and those < 70 years (non-elderly group). METHODS: From April 1997 to September 2015, 402 consecutive patients with lesions in the body and tail of the pancreas underwent LDP at Rikshospitalet, Oslo University Hospital...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779958/aeromedical-evaluation-for-an-f-16-candidate-with-incomplete-paraplegia
#20
Monica Chahal-Kummen, Trond-Eirik Strand, Jan Ove Owe, Eigil Gulliksen, Anthony S Wagstaff
BACKGROUND: A candidate with paraplegia contacted the Institute of Aviation Medicine, Oslo, requesting a medical examination and medical certification for flying back seat on an F-16 Fighting Falcon. Thorough aeromedical examinations, including specialist evaluations, were initiated for the final decision to be made. CASE REPORT: Almost 13 yr earlier the candidate had acquired spinal cord damage at neurological level L1 after falling 4 m (13 ft) from out of a window...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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