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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663766/kirurgisk-behandling-av-pylorusstenose
#1
Kaja Mørk, Hans Skari, Ole Schistad, Pål Aksel Næss
BACKGROUND: Pyloric stenosis is one of the most common surgical conditions in infants. This study aims to investigate diagnostics and results of surgical treatment for pyloric stenosis at Oslo University Hospital Ullevål. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective review of patient records for those undergoing surgery for pyloric stenosis in the period 2004-2016 was conducted. Preoperative symptoms and findings, diagnostics, treatment and postoperative results were recorded...
April 17, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663763/catheter-based-left-atrial-appendage-closure
#2
Ketil Lunde, Ahmed Al-Ani, Reidar Bjørnerheim, Anders Hervold, Anders Opdahl, Jan Otto Beitnes
BAKGRUNN: Atrieflimmer er en vanlig tilstand i befolkningen og gir økt risiko for hjerneslag. Antikoagulasjonsbehandling er effektivt for å forebygge tromboembolisme ved atrieflimmer, men av ulike grunner blir mange atrieflimmerpasienter med indikasjon for antikoagulasjonsbehandling ikke behandlet. Kateterbasert lukking av venstre atriums aurikkel er en ny metode for å forebygge hjerneslag ved atrieflimmer. MATERIALE OG METODE: I perioden september 2014-april 2016 gjennomgikk 27 pasienter med atrieflimmer og høy risiko for hjerneslag forsøk på kateterbasert lukking av venstre atriums aurikkel ved Oslo universitetssykehus...
April 17, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649093/comparison-of-cyp3a4-inducing-capacity-of-enzyme-inducing-antiepileptic-drugs-using-4%C3%AE-hydroxycholesterol-as-biomarker
#3
Kristine Hole, Birgit M Wollmann, Camilla Nguyen, Tore Haslemo, Espen Molden
BACKGROUND: Enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAEDs) are among the clinically most important inducers of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4, but there is limited evidence regarding the comparative potency of each EIAED in raising CYP3A4 activity. The aim of this study was to estimate CYP3A4-inductive potency of EIAEDs by comparing CYP3A4 activity in patients treated with carbamazepine, phenobarbital, or phenytoin. METHODS: Residual serum samples from patients treated with EIAEDs or levetiracetam were collected from a therapeutic drug monitoring service for analysis of 4β-hydroxycholesterol (4βOHC), which is an indicator of CYP3A4 activity...
April 11, 2018: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621715/comparison-of-phosphodiesterase-type-v-inhibitors-use-in-eight-european-cities-through-analysis-of-urban-wastewater
#4
Ana Causanilles, Daniela Rojas Cantillano, Erik Emke, Richard Bade, Jose Antonio Baz-Lomba, Sara Castiglioni, Erika Castrignanò, Emma Gracia-Lor, Félix Hernández, Barbara Kasprzyk-Hordern, Juliet Kinyua, Ann-Kathrin McCall, Alexander L N van Nuijs, Benedek G Plósz, Pedram Ramin, Nikolaos I Rousis, Yeonsuk Ryu, Kevin V Thomas, Pim de Voogt
In this work a step forward in investigating the use of prescription drugs, namely erectile dysfunction products, at European level was taken by applying the wastewater-based epidemiology approach. 24-h composite samples of untreated wastewater were collected at the entrance of eight wastewater treatment plants serving the catchment within the cities of Bristol, Brussels, Castellón, Copenhagen, Milan, Oslo, Utrecht and Zurich. A validated analytical procedure with direct injection of filtered aliquots by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was applied...
April 2, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572969/the-prevalence-of-achilles-and-patellar-tendon-injuries-in-australian-football-players-beyond-a-time-loss-definition
#5
Sean Iain Docking, Ebonie Rio, Jill Cook, John Orchard, Lauren V Fortington
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence and associated of morbidity of tendon problems. With only severe cases of tendon problems missing games, players that have their training and performance impacted are not captured by traditional injury surveillance. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of Achilles and patellar tendon problems in elite male Australian football players using the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) overuse questionnaire, compared to a time-loss definition...
March 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564544/incidence-and-management-of-arterial-injuries-during-pancreatectomy
#6
Dyre Kleive, Mushegh A Sahakyan, Ammar Khan, Bjarte Fosby, Pål-Dag Line, Knut Jørgen Labori
PURPOSE: The incidence of intraoperative arterial injury during pancreatectomy is not well described. This study aims to evaluate the incidence, management, and outcome of arterial injuries during pancreatectomy. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 1535 consecutive patients undergoing pancreatectomy between 2006 and 2016 at Oslo University Hospital. The type of arterial injury and potential contributing factors were analyzed. Short-term outcomes were compared between patients with arterial injury and patients undergoing a planned arterial resection due to tumor involvement...
March 21, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550746/promote-health-not-nuclear-weapons-ethical-duty-of-medical-professionals
#7
Arun Mitra
Despite ongoing tensions in various parts of the world, the year 2017 ended on a positive note. The Treaty Prohibiting Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) was passed by the UN General Assembly on July 7, 2017, which will always be a red-letter day in history. It has raised many hopes for a future world without nuclear weapons and staved off the impending humanitarian catastrophe. Good health is a basic need of every individual. Therefore, each person yearns for a life free of violence and free of man-made catastrophes like the ones at Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, which killed over two hundred thousand people and resulted in genetic mutations affecting generations thereafter...
March 7, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550503/nursing-students-contribution-to-rehabilitation-for-home-dwelling-patients
#8
Birgit Brunborg Pay, Liv Wergeland Sørbye
Home-dwelling rehabilitation has expanded in the last years in Norway. The goal is to strengthen self-care for those who have suffered acute impairment or has due to chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore whether nursing students in home-based nursing care (HBNC) can contribute to patients' rehabilitation and mastery work during clinical placement. The study considered 121 undergraduate nursing students' HBNC clinical placements where they, in collaboration with patients, have designed and applied a rehabilitation plan...
March 6, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541540/evaluation-of-memorial-sloan-kettering-cancer-center-and-international-extranodal-lymphoma-study-group-prognostic-scoring-systems-to-predict-overall-survival-in-intracranial-primary-cns-lymphoma
#9
Guro Jahr, Michele Da Broi, Harald Holte, Klaus Beiske, Torstein R Meling
Objectives: To evaluate the validity of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and International Extranodal Lymphoma Study Group (IELSG) prognostic scoring systems for Overall Survival (OS) in intracranial Primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) of all patients diagnosed at a single center. Material and Methods: Pretreatment clinical factors including tumor characteristics and histology, treatment, and survival of PCNSL patients with diagnostic biopsies over a 12-year period (2003-2014) were retrieved from a prospective database at Oslo University Hospital...
March 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520204/laparoscopic-parenchyma-sparing-liver-resection-for-colorectal-metastases
#10
Davit L Aghayan, Egidijus Pelanis, Åsmund Avdem Fretland, Airazat M Kazaryan, Mushegh A Sahakyan, Bård I Røsok, Leonid Barkhatov, Bjørn Atle Bjørnbeth, Ole Jakob Elle, Bjørn Edwin
Background: Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) of colorectal liver metastases (CLM) is increasingly performed in specialized centers. While there is a trend towards a parenchyma-sparing strategy in multimodal treatment for CLM, its role is yet unclear. In this study we present short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic parenchyma-sparing liver resection (LPSLR) at a single center. Patients and methods: LLR were performed in 951 procedures between August 1998 and March 2017 at Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway...
March 2018: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510997/endocarditis-in-children-and-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-defects-a-norwegian-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#11
Jarle Jortveit, Jakob Klcovansky, Leif Eskedal, Sigurd Birkeland, Gaute Døhlen, Henrik Holmstrøm
OBJECTIVES: Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most common birth defects worldwide and are an important cause of morbidity and early death. A significant number of deaths occur among patients with infections. CHDs predispose to the development of infective endocarditis (IE) and represent a risk factor for increased mortality due to IE. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and outcomes of IE in children and adolescents with CHDs. METHODS: Data on all children with CHD and IE born in Norway between 1994 and 2016 were retrieved from the Oslo University Hospital's Clinical Registry for Congenital Heart Defects...
March 6, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510554/iodine-status-among-somali-immigrants-in-norway
#12
Ahmed A Madar, Helle M Meltzer, Espen Heen, Haakon E Meyer
We lack knowledge about iodine status in the Norwegian population in general, and particularly among immigrants. We aimed to estimate the iodine status and potentially associated factors in a Somali population in Norway. Somali men and women aged 20-73, who were living in one district in Oslo, were recruited between December 2015 and October 2016. Twenty-four-hour urine was collected from 169 participants (91 females and 78 males). Iodine was analysed using the Sandell-Kolthoff reaction on microplates and colorimetric measurement...
March 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503476/a-synopsis-of-the-saddle-fungi-helvella-ascomycota-in-europe-species-delimitation-taxonomy-and-typification
#13
I Skrede, T Carlsen, T Schumacher
Helvella is a widespread, speciose genus of large apothecial ascomycetes ( Pezizomycete : Pezizales ) that are found in terrestrial biomes of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. This study represents a beginning on assessing species limits and applying correct names for Helvella species based on type material and specimens in the university herbaria (fungaria) of Copenhagen (C), Harvard (FH) and Oslo (O). We use morphology and phylogenetic evidence from four loci - heat shock protein 90 ( hsp ), translation elongation factor alpha ( tef ), RNA polymerase II ( rpb2 ) and the nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA (LSU) - to assess species boundaries in an expanded sample of Helvella specimens from Europe...
December 2017: Persoonia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500213/comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adults-with-adhd-and-associations-with-education-work-and-social-characteristics-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Espen Anker, Bothild Bendiksen, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVES: Adults with attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) report high rates of comorbid disorders, educational and occupational failure, and family instability. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders in a clinical population of adults with ADHD and to examine associations between educational level, work participation, social characteristics and the rates of psychiatric comorbidity. METHODS: Out of 796 patients diagnosed with ADHD in a specialised outpatient clinic in Oslo, Norway, 548 (68%) agreed to participate in this cross-sectional study: 277 women and 271 men...
March 2, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495606/suboptimal-iodine-status-among-pregnant-women-in-the-oslo-area-norway
#15
Sigrun Henjum, Inger Aakre, Anne Marie Lilleengen, Lisa Garnweidner-Holme, Sandra Borthne, Zada Pajalic, Ellen Blix, Elin Lovise Folven Gjengedal, Anne Lise Brantsæter
Norway has been considered iodine replete for decades; however, recent studies indicate reemergence of inadequate iodine status in different population groups. We assessed iodine status in pregnant women based on urinary iodine concentration (UIC), urinary iodine excretion (UIE), and iodine intake from food and supplements. In 804 pregnant women, 24-h iodine intakes from iodine-rich foods and iodine-containing supplements were calculated. In 777 women, iodine concentration was measured in spot urine samples by inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)...
February 28, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488975/removal-of-antibiotic-resistant-e-coli-in-two-norwegian-wastewater-treatment-plants-and-by-nano-and-ultra-filtration-processes
#16
Carsten Ulrich Schwermer, Pawel Krzeminski, Aina Charlotte Wennberg, Christian Vogelsang, Wolfgang Uhl
The effectivity of different treatment stages at two large wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) located in Oslo, Norway, to remove antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli from municipal wastewater was investigated. The WWTPs were effective in reducing the total cultivable E. coli. The E. coli in WWTP samples were mainly resistant to ampicillin (6-27%) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (5-24%), and, to a lesser extent, tetracycline (3-14%) and ciprofloxacin (0-7%). In the first WWTP, a clear decrease in the percentage of E...
February 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487917/a-dinitro-functionalized-metal-organic-framework-featuring-visual-and-fluorogenic-sensing-of-h-2-s-in-living-cells-human-blood-plasma-and-environmental-samples
#17
Soutick Nandi, Sooram Banesh, Vishal Trivedi, Shyam Biswas
Here, we describe a new dinitro-functionalized Zr(iv) MOF (MOF = metal-organic framework) having a UiO-66 (UiO = University of Oslo) framework topology called UiO-66-(NO2 )2 (1). It shows fluorescence turn-on behavior towards H2 S in simulated biological medium (HEPES buffer, pH = 7.4). By employing solvothermal conditions, 1 was successfully synthesized by reacting ZrCl4 , H2 BDC-(NO2 )2 [H2 BDC-(NO2 )2 = 2,5-dinitro-1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid] ligand and benzoic acid with a molar ratio of 1 : 1 : 10 in DMF (DMF = N,N-dimethylformamide) at 130 °C for 24 h...
February 28, 2018: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481590/quality-of-life-after-breast-enlargement-with-implants-versus-augmentation-mastopexy-a-comparative-study
#18
Amin Kalaaji, Stine Dreyer, Jannika Brinkmann, Ivana Maric, Cathrine Nordahl, Kjell Olafsen
Background: Research regarding quality of life (QoL) among women who underwent breast aesthetic surgery is expanding. A comparative, anonymous study between two main breast aesthetic procedures is needed. Objective: The authors compared patient characteristics and aspects of QoL among women who underwent breast enlargement with implants (BI group) and those who underwent augmentation mastopexy (AM group). Methods: Patients at the Oslo Plastic Surgery Clinic were given a 47-question survey to measure QoL...
February 22, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480207/age-at-death-and-causes-of-death-in-patients-with-huntington-disease-in-norway-in-1986-2015
#19
Olga Karin Solberg, Petra Filkuková, Jan C Frich, Kristin J Billaud Feragen
BACKGROUND: The literature offers discrepant findings regarding age at death in individuals with Huntington disease (HD). OBJECTIVE: To study the age at death and causes of death in males and females with a diagnosis of HD in Norway. METHODS: Registry study of deaths in 1986-2015 using data from two national registries: the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry (NCDR) and the registry of the Centre for Rare Disorders (CRD), Oslo University Hospital...
2018: Journal of Huntington's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463227/evaluating-different-breast-tumor-progression-models-using-screening-data
#20
Åsbjørn Schumacher Westvik, Harald Weedon-Fekjær, Jan Mæhlen, Knut Liestøl
BACKGROUND: Mammography screening is used to detect breast cancer at an early treatable stage, reducing breast cancer mortality. Traditionally, breast cancer has been seen as a disease with only progressive lesions, and here we examine the validity of this assumption by testing if incidence levels after introducing mammography screening can be reproduced assuming only progressive tumors. METHODS: Breast cancer incidence data 1990-2009 obtained from the initially screened Norwegian counties (Akershus, Oslo, Rogaland and Hordaland) was included, covering the time-period before, during and after the introduction of mammography screening...
February 20, 2018: BMC Cancer
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