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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056041/distribution-of-novel-and-well-known-poly-and-perfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass-in-human-serum-plasma-and-whole-blood
#1
Somrutai Poothong, Cathrine Thomsen, Juan Antonio Padilla Sanchez, Eleni Papadopoulou, Line Småstuen Haug
Currently, there is limited knowledge on the distribution of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in different blood matrices, particularly for novel PFASs such as polyfluoroalkyl phosphate esters (PAPs) and perfluoroalkyl phosphonates (PFPAs). To explore this, serum, plasma, and whole blood from 61 adults in Oslo, Norway were collected. The largest number of PFASs were detected in whole blood. For PAPs and PFPAs, the highest frequencies of detection and concentrations were observed in plasma. PAPs contributed to 8% of total PFASs in plasma (median, 0...
October 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047413/itactic-implementing-treatment-algorithms-for-the-correction-of-trauma-induced-coagulopathy-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Kjersti Baksaas-Aasen, Lewis Gall, Simon Eaglestone, Claire Rourke, Nicole P Juffermans, J Carel Goslings, Paal Aksel Naess, Susan van Dieren, Sisse Rye Ostrowski, Jakob Stensballe, Marc Maegele, Simon J Stanworth, Christine Gaarder, Karim Brohi, Per I Johansson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is the fourth leading cause of death globally. Half of all trauma deaths are due to bleeding and most of these will occur within 6 h of injury. Haemorrhagic shock following injury has been shown to induce a clotting dysfunction within minutes, and this early trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) may exacerbate bleeding and is associated with higher mortality and morbidity. In spite of improved resuscitation strategies over the last decade, current transfusion therapy still fails to correct TIC during ongoing haemorrhage and evidence for the optimal management of bleeding trauma patients is lacking...
October 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043517/awards-presented-at-the-47th-annual-meeting-of-the-behavior-genetics-association-thursday-july-1st-oslo-norway
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043516/minutes-of-the-annual-business-meeting-of-the-members-of-the-behavior-genetics-association-wednesday-june-30-2017-12-00-1-30%C3%A2-pm-oslo-norway
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040545/ethnicity-and-place-the-geography-of-diabetes-inequalities-under-a-strong-welfare-state
#5
Elias Nosrati, Anne Karen Jenum, Anh Thi Tran, Sir Michael Marmot, Lawrence Peter King
Background: The Nordic 'health paradox' designates the seemingly puzzling empirical reality in which, despite the presence of strong welfare policies targeting structural inequalities, distinct health disparities persist in Scandinavian societies. In Norway, previous research has shown that inequalities in diabetes prevalence are particularly salient, notably between ethnic groups. These have often been attributed to lifestyle, socioeconomic factors, or genetics. No previous research has sought to investigate the sociospatial mediation of diabetes inequities...
October 10, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038689/making-connections-exploring-the-centrality-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-covariates-after-a-terrorist-attack
#6
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Trond Heir
Background: Posttraumatic stress symptoms are interconnected. Knowledge about which symptoms of posttraumatic stress are more strongly interconnected or central than others may have implications for the targeting of clinical interventions. Exploring whether symptoms of posttraumatic stress may be differentially related to covariates can contribute to our knowledge on how posttraumatic stress symptoms arise and are maintained. Objective: This study aimed to identify the most central symptoms of posttraumatic stress and their interconnections, and to explore how covariates such as exposure, sex, neuroticism, and social support are related to the network of symptoms of posttraumatic stress...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035984/risk-factors-for-lower-extremity-injuries-among-contemporary-dance-students
#7
Christine van Seters, Rogier M van Rijn, Marienke van Middelkoop, Janine H Stubbe
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether student characteristics, lower-extremity kinematics, and strength are risk factors for sustaining lower-extremity injuries in preprofessional contemporary dancers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Codarts University of the Arts. PATIENTS: Forty-five first-year students of Bachelor Dance and Bachelor Dance Teacher. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: At the beginning of the academic year, the injury history (only lower-extremity) and student characteristics (age, sex, educational program) were assessed using a questionnaire...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994293/investigation-of-the-best-approach-for-assessing-human-exposure-to-poly-and-perfluoroalkyl-substances-through-indoor-air
#8
Juan A Padilla-Sánchez, Eleni Papadopoulou, Somrutai Poothong, Line S Haug
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), including fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs), perfluoroalkyl sulfonamidoethanols (FOSEs) and perfluoroalkyl sulfonamides (FOSAs) were assessed in 61 residential indoor air and 15 personal air samples collected in Oslo area, Norway. FTOHs were detected in all samples, and the median concentrations in residential indoor air were 2971, 10363 and 3115 pg m-3 for 6:2, 8:2 and 10:2 FTOH, respectively. This is similar to or higher than previously reported in studies from the same geographical area and worldwide...
October 10, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988180/are-there-any-differences-between-different-testing-sites-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-norwegian-low-threshold-hiv-testing-service-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
Bera Ulstein Moseng, Vegar Bjørnshagen
OBJECTIVE: To describe a Norwegian low-threshold HIV testing service targeting men who have sex with men (MSM). DESIGN AND SETTING: After the HIV testing consultation, all users of the HIV testing service were invited to answer the study questionnaire. The study setting included the sites where testing was performed, that is, the testing service's office in Oslo, cruising areas, bars/clubs and in hotels in other Norwegian cities. PARTICIPANTS: MSM users of the testing service...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982646/the-association-between-commonly-investigated-user-factors-and-various-types-of-ehealth-use-for-self-care-of-type-2-diabetes-case-of-first-generation-immigrants-from-pakistan-in-the-oslo-area-norway
#10
Naoe Tatara, Hugo Lewi Hammer, Hege Kristin Andreassen, Jelena Mirkovic, Marte Karoline Råberg Kjøllesdal
BACKGROUND: Sociodemographic and health-related factors are often investigated for their association with the active use of electronic health (eHealth). The importance of such factors has been found to vary, depending on the purpose or means of eHealth and the target user groups. Pakistanis are one of the biggest immigrant groups in the Oslo area, Norway. Due to an especially high risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) among this population, knowledge about their use of eHealth for T2D self-management and prevention (self-care) will be valuable for both understanding this vulnerable group and for developing effective eHealth services...
October 5, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982608/all-cause-mortality-and-multimorbidity-in-older-adults-the-role-of-social-support-and-loneliness
#11
Beatriz Olaya, Joan Domènech-Abella, Maria Victoria Moneta, Elvira Lara, Francisco Félix Caballero, Laura Alejandra Rico-Uribe, Josep Maria Haro
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the effect of multimorbidity on time to mortality is modified by level of social support and loneliness in a representative sample of 2113 participants aged 60+. METHODS: Vital status was ascertained through national registers or by asking participants' relatives. Baseline variables included number of illnesses, self-perceived social support (Oslo social support scale) and loneliness (UCLA loneliness scale). Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to estimate the time to death by multimorbidity, social support and loneliness...
October 2, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976295/association-between-urban-green-space-and-self-reported-lifestyle-related-disorders-in-oslo-norway
#12
Ihlebæk Camilla, Aamodt Geir, Aradi Renata, Claussen Bjørgulf, Thorén Kine Halvorsen
AIMS: The need for studies from more countries on the relationship between urban green space and health has been emphasized. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between two types of measurement of urban green space and self-reported lifestyle-related disorders in Oslo, Norway. METHODS: Self-reported measures on mental disorders, asthma, type 2 diabetes and musculoskeletal pain of 8638 participants in the Oslo Health Study (HUBRO) were linked to two types of green space variables: the vegetation cover greenness derived from satellite data, which shows the city's vegetation cover regardless of property boundaries, and the land use greenness derived from municipal plans showing information about publicly accessible vegetation-covered areas...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952660/medical-emergencies-on-large-passenger-ships-without-doctors-the-oslo-kiel-oslo-ferry-experience
#13
Thor-Erik Holt, Agnar Tveten, Eilif Dahl
BACKGROUND: The Oslo-Kiel-Oslo route is currently the only direct ferry crossing between Norway and Germany, covered by 2 cruise-and-cars ferries carrying about 2,600 passengers each and sailing every day (20 h at sea, 4 h in port). Unlike most ocean going cruise vessels, they are not required to carry a physician but an on-board paramedic handles medical emergencies. The aim of the study was to provide data on medical emergencies leading to helicopter evacuations (helivacs) or other urgent transfers to facilities ashore from the two ferries during a 3-year period...
2017: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948574/correlation-between-serum-concentrations-of-n-desmethylclozapine-and-granulocyte-levels-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-retrospective-observational-study
#14
Robert L Smith, Tore Haslemo, Ole A Andreassen, Erik Eliasson, Marja-Liisa Dahl, Olav Spigset, Espen Molden
BACKGROUND: Clozapine is restricted to use in patients with treatment-refractory schizophrenia due to the risk of a serious drop in absolute neutrophil granulocyte count (ANC). The formation of reactive, unstable metabolites (adducts) has been suggested as a mechanism of clozapine-induced granulocyte decline. These adducts are not detectable in vivo, but stable clozapine metabolites could potentially be indirect pharmacokinetic measures of adduct formation. OBJECTIVE: The present retrospective observational study investigated the correlation between concentrations of N-desmethylclozapine, the major stable clozapine metabolite, and ANC in a real-life population of clozapine-treated patients...
September 25, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943397/can-standardized-pathology-examination-increase-the-lymph-node-yield-following-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy-for-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#15
Mushegh A Sahakyan, Sven P Haugvik, Bård I Røsok, Airazat M Kazaryan, Dejan Ignjatovic, Trond Buanes, Knut J Labori, Caroline S Verbeke, Bjørn Edwin
BACKGROUND: Lymph node yield (LNY) is an indicator of oncological adequacy of surgery in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Our hypothesis is that standardized pathology examination (SPE) aimed at accurate staging can increase the LNY without changing surgical technique. METHODS: After the introduction of SPE for distal pancreatosplenectomy specimens at Oslo University Hospital, prospective data were collected on patients with PDAC undergoing laparoscopic distal pancreatosplenectomy (LDP)...
September 21, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916919/laparoscopic-liver-resection-for-metastatic-melanoma
#16
Davit L Aghayan, Airazat M Kazaryan, Åsmund Avdem Fretland, Mushegh A Sahakyan, Bård I Røsok, Bjørn Atle Bjørnbeth, Bjørn Edwin
BACKGROUND: Stage IV metastatic melanoma carries a poor prognosis. In the case of melanoma liver metastasis (MLM), surgical resection may improve survival and represents a therapeutic option, with varying levels of success. Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) for metastatic melanoma is poorly studied. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of LLR in patients with MLM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between April 2000 and August 2013, 11 (1 cutaneous, 9 ocular and 1 unknown primary) patients underwent LLR for MLM at Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet and 13 procedures in total were carried out...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913536/isoreticular-expansion-of-polymofs-achieves-high-surface-area-materials
#17
Giulia E M Schukraft, Sergio Ayala, Benjamin L Dick, Seth M Cohen
The concept of isoreticular chemistry has become a core principle in metal-organic framework (MOF) materials. Isoreticular chemistry has shown that organic ligands of different sizes, but with a common geometry/symmetry can be used to generate MOFs of related topologies, but with expanded pore sizes and volumes. In this report, polymer-MOF hybrid materials (polyMOFs) with a UiO (UiO = University of Oslo) architecture are shown to adhere to the principle of isoreticular expansion, generating polyMOFs with large surface areas and enhanced stability...
September 26, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899369/nursing-care-needs-and-services-utilised-by-home-dwelling-elderly-with-complex-health-problems-observational-study
#18
Gro Næss, Marit Kirkevold, Wenche Hammer, Jørund Straand, Torgeir Bruun Wyller
BACKGROUND: In Norway, as in many Western countries, a shift from institutional care to home care is taking place. Our knowledge is limited regarding which needs for nursing interventions patients being cared for in their home have, and how they are met. We aimed at assessing aspects of health and function in a representative sample of the most vulnerable home-dwelling elderly, to identify their needs for nursing interventions and how these needs were met. METHODS: In this observational study we included patients aged 75+ living in their own homes in Oslo, who received daily home care, had three or more chronic diagnoses, received daily medication, and had been hospitalized during the last year...
September 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883800/childhood-trauma-and-minimization-denial-in-people-with-and-without-a-severe-mental-disorder
#19
Chelsea Church, Ole A Andreassen, Steinar Lorentzen, Ingrid Melle, Monica Aas
Background: Childhood trauma has garnered extensive research concerning its role in the psychopathology of mental disorders, including psychosis. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) utilizes a minimization/denial (MD) scale to denote potential under-reporters of trauma, yet MD scores are infrequently reported and validations of the scale are lacking in the literature. STUDY AIM: Elucidate differences in MD between patients with severe mental disorders to healthy individuals, and secondly, investigate if MD influences reports of childhood trauma between the groups...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869878/from-ecstasy-to-mdma-recreational-drug-use-symbolic-boundaries-and-drug-trends
#20
Marit Edland-Gryt, Sveinung Sandberg, Willy Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Ecstasy pills with MDMA as the main ingredient were introduced in many European countries in the 1980s, and were often linked to the rave and club scenes. However, use gradually levelled off, in part as a response to increased concerns about possible mental health consequences and fatalities. Extensive use of MDMA now seems to be re-emerging in many countries. In this study, we investigated the cultural and social meaning associated with MDMA use in Oslo, Norway, with an emphasis on how users distinguish MDMA crystals and powder from "old ecstasy pills"...
September 1, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
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