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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103399/for-whom-does-time-heal-wounds-individual-differences-in-stability-and-change-in-posttraumatic-stress-after-the-2011-oslo-bombing
#1
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Marianne Bang Hansen, Ines Blix, Øivind Solberg, Trond Heir
Prospective studies describing and predicting individual differences in the course of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after disasters are scarce. The present study aimed to describe and predict individual differences in both the level and the rate of change in PTSS after the 2011 Oslo bombing, a terrorist attack directed at the Norwegian government. Survey data from ministerial employees (N = 256) were collected 10, 22, and 34 months after the bombing. We used latent growth modeling to examine the development of PTSS, and to identify the strength of predictor variables...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095723/increased-long-term-mortality-after-survival-of-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-a-population-based-study
#2
Hans Kristian Floeystad, Are Holm, Leiv Sandvik, Didrik Frimann Vestrheim, Bjorn Brandsaeter, Dag Berild
OBJECTIVES: We studied if patients surviving hospitalization for invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) have an increased long-term mortality. METHODS: In this population-based case-control study, we assessed adults discharged from Aker University Hospital in Oslo, Norway, from 1993 to 2008 after surviving IPD. Mortality among the study population was compared to the general Norwegian population using standardized mortality ratios (SMR). Median follow-up time was 7...
January 17, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095097/facilitating-awareness-of-philosophy-of-science-ethics-and-communication-through-manual-skills-training-in-undergraduate-education
#3
Hilde Lund Kordahl, Marit Fougner
BACKGROUND: Professional health science education includes a common theoretical basis concerning the theory of science, ethics and communication. Former evaluations by first-year students of the bachelor physiotherapy program at Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences (HiOA) show that they find it hard to understand the relation between these particular topics and future professional practice. This challenge is the starting point for a pedagogical development project that aims to develop learning contexts that highlight the relevance of these theoretical concepts...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089974/cardiopulmonary-disease-development-in-anti-rna-polymerase-iii-positive-systemic-sclerosis-comparative-analyses-from-an-unselected-prospective-patient-cohort
#4
Anna-Maria Hoffmann-Vold, Øyvind Midtvedt, Anders H Tennøe, Torhild Garen, May Brit Lund, Trond M Aaløkken, Arne K Andreassen, Fadi Elhage, Cathrine Brunborg, Eli Taraldsrud, Øyvind Molberg
OBJECTIVE: Extensive skin disease and renal crisis are hallmarks of anti-RNA polymerase III (RNAP)-positive systemic sclerosis (SSc), while lung and heart involvement data are conflicting. Here, the aims were to perform time-course analyses of interstitial lung disease (ILD) and pulmonary hypertension (PH) in the RNAP subset of a prospective unselected SSc cohort and to use the other autoantibody subsets as comparators. METHODS: The study cohort included 279 patients with SSc from the observational Oslo University Hospital cohort with complete data on (1) SSc-related autoantibodies, (2) paired, serial analyses of lung function and fibrosis by computed tomography, and (3) PH verified by right heart catheterization...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078788/violence-involvement-among-nightlife-patrons-the-relative-role-of-demographics-and-substance-use
#5
Trond Nordfjaern
The nightlife setting is a risk context for violence involvement that ultimately may cause severe injuries and fatalities. Few studies have examined associations between alcohol and illicit substance use with physical violence involvement among nightlife patrons. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relative role of demographics and substance use characteristics for nightlife violence involvement among Norwegian nightlife patrons. A cross-sectional self-completion survey was conducted outside 12 licensed premises in Oslo (n = 1099, response rate = 76%) and each respondent's BAC level was measured by a breathalyzer and registered on the questionnaire...
January 12, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077080/should-patients-older-than-65-years-be-offered-a-second-kidney-transplant
#6
Kristian Heldal, Anders Hartmann, Kjersti Lønning, Torbjørn Leivestad, Anna V Reisæter, Pål-Dag Line, Hallvard Holdaas, Karsten Midtvedt
BACKGROUND: Age and number of recipients in need of kidney re-transplantation are increasing. Re-transplantation practices and outcomes in elderly recipients are not previously explored. We aimed to retrospectively evaluate the outcomes of recipients 65 years and older receiving their second deceased donor allograft. METHODS: The study was designed as a retrospective registry based study. All recipients 65 years or older who received a deceased donor kidney transplant at Oslo University Hospital between 2000 and 2014 were included in the study...
January 11, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074393/45th-escp-nsf-international-symposium-on-clinical-pharmacy-clinical-pharmacy-tackling-inequalities-and-access-to-health-care-oslo-norway-5-7-october-2016
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064031/frequency-of-temporomandibular-osteoarthritis-and-related-symptoms-in-a-hand-osteoarthritis-cohort
#8
A-K Abrahamsson, M Kristensen, L Z Arvidsson, T K Kvien, T A Larheim, I K Haugen
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) in the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) in hand OA patients is largely unknown. Our aims were to explore (1) The frequency of TMJ-related symptoms and clinical findings; (2) The TMJ OA frequency defined by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT); and (3) The relationship between TMJ-related symptoms/clinical findings and CBCT-defined TMJ OA, in a hand OA cohort. METHODS: We calculated the frequencies of TMJ-related symptoms, clinical findings and diagnosis of TMJ OA by CBCT and clinical examination in 54 patients from the Oslo hand OA cohort (88% women, mean (range) age 71 (61-83) years)...
January 5, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058579/prognostic-significance-of-s100a4-expression-and-subcellular-localization-in-early-stage-breast-cancer
#9
Eivind Valen Egeland, Kjetil Boye, Daehoon Park, Marit Synnestvedt, Torill Sauer, Bjørn Naume, Elin Borgen, Gunhild M Mælandsmo
PURPOSE: Prognostic factors are useful in order to identify early-stage breast cancer patients who might benefit from adjuvant treatment. The metastasis-promoting protein S100A4 has previously been associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. The protein is expressed in diverse subcellular compartments, including the cytoplasm, extracellular space, and nucleus. Nuclear expression is an independent predictor of poor outcome in several cancer types, but the significance of subcellular expression has not yet been assessed in breast cancer...
January 5, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043932/changes-in-presentation-of-celiac-disease-in-ireland-from-the-1960s-to-2015
#10
P Dominguez Castro, G Harkin, M Hussey, B Christopher, C Kiat, J Liong Chin, V Trimble, D McNamara, P MacMathuna, B Egan, B Ryan, D Kevans, R Farrell, V Byrnes, N Mahmud, R McManus
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Celiac disease is an immune-mediated enteropathy characterized with high heterogeneity in presentation among genetically predisposed individuals. In recent years, a change in the phenotypic presentation of celiac disease has been reported. We studied clinical presentation, from 1960 through 2015, in Ireland, which has a high incidence of celiac disease. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of medical charts from patients diagnosed with celiac disease at 5 secondary referral centers in Ireland from 1960 through 2015 (n=749; median age, 56 years; age range 18-91 years)...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033312/outbreak-of-salmonella-oslo-infections-linked-to-persian-cucumbers-united-states-2016
#11
Lyndsay Bottichio, Carlota Medus, Alida Sorenson, Danielle Donovan, Reeti Sharma, Natasha Dowell, Ian Williams, Allison Wellman, Alikeh Jackson, Beth Tolar, Taylor Griswold, Colin Basler
In April 2016, PulseNet, the national molecular subtyping network for foodborne disease surveillance, detected a multistate cluster of Salmonella enterica serotype Oslo infections with an indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) pattern (XbaI PFGE pattern OSLX01.0090).* This PFGE pattern was new in the database; no previous infections or outbreaks have been identified. CDC, state and local health and agriculture departments and laboratories, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted epidemiologic, traceback, and laboratory investigations to identify the source of this outbreak...
December 30, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030532/the-application-of-a-simple-surveillance-method-for-detecting-the-prevalence-and-impact-of-overuse-injuries-in-professional-men-s-basketball
#12
K Weiss, M McGuigan, T Besier, C Whatman
The aim of this study was to use the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) overuse injury questionnaire to record overuse injuries over a single season for a men's professional basketball team in order to; (i) assess the prevalence and severity of overuse injuries and (ii) determine the efficacy of this method in identifying overuse injuries in comparison to the team physiotherapist's detection of these injuries. Thirteen athletes from a men's professional basketball team participated in this study. The self-reported, OSTRC injury questionnaire was used to record overuse conditions of the ankle, knee, lower back over an entire 24-week season...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004553/-untreated-syphilis-from-oslo-to-tuskegee
#13
Anniken Sandvik, Anne Kveim Lie
In the period from 1891 - 1910, around 2000 patients with syphilis were admitted to the Department of Dermatology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet. The head of the department, Cæsar Boeck (1845 - 1917), believed in allowing the disease to take its natural course and withheld treatment. He made detailed notes of the diagnosis and the clinical course of the disease for all his patients. Boeck's material is unique, and forms the basis for our current knowledge about the prognosis and course of syphilis infections...
December 2016: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995537/self-reported-outcome-measures-of-the-impact-of-injury-and-illness-on-athlete-performance-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Julie Gallagher, Ian Needleman, Paul Ashley, Ruben Garcia Sanchez, Robbie Lumsden
BACKGROUND: Self-reported outcome measures of athlete health, wellbeing and performance add information to that obtained from clinical measures. However valid, universally accepted outcome measures are required. OBJECTIVE: To determine which athlete-reported outcome measures of performance have been used to measure the impact of injury and illness on performance in sport and assess evidence to support their validity. METHODS: The authors searched Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, SPORTDiscus with Full Text and Cochrane library to January 2016...
December 19, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993293/effect-of-psychological-and-other-factors-on-quality-of-life-amongst-asthma-outpatients-in-lagos-nigeria
#15
Olufunke O Adeyeye, Tomilola A Adewumi, Abiodun O Adewuya
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the effect of psychological and other possible factors associated with poor health related quality of life (HRQOL) in outpatient with asthma in Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: Patients (n  = 201) recruited from the adult asthma outpatient clinic were assessed for sociodemographic and asthma related variables. Levels of social support (with Oslo 3-Item Social Support Scale), disability (with WHO Disability Assessment Scale) were assessed...
January 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989491/reference-intervals-for-c-peptide-and-insulin-derived-from-a-general-adult-danish-population
#16
Pia Bükmann Larsen, Allan Linneberg, Torben Hansen, Lennart Friis-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Despite international efforts to standardize C-peptide and insulin calibrators and immunoassays, platform dependent differences still exist, and platform specific reference intervals are hence needed for correct interpretation. We therefore wanted to establish traceable reference intervals for C-peptide and insulin. METHODS: In 623 consecutively recruited participants, insulin and C-peptide were measured using the Cobas e411 (Roche Diagnostics, Switzerland)...
December 16, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981745/assisted-reproductive-technology-and-severe-postpartum-haemorrhage-a-case-control-study
#17
L T Nyfløt, I Sandven, N B Oldereid, B Stray-Pedersen, S Vangen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between assisted reproductive technology and severe postpartum haemorrhage. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: The study was conducted in Norway; Division of Gynaecology and Obstetrics at Oslo University Hospital and Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Drammen Hospital. POPULATION: A source population including all women admitted for delivery at Oslo University Hospital and Drammen Hospital during the time period 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2011...
December 16, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973359/rapid-start-up-of-one-stage-deammonification-mbbr-without-addition-of-external-inoculum
#18
Linda Kanders, Daniel Ling, Emma Nehrenheim
In recent years, the anammox process has emerged as a useful method for robust and efficient nitrogen removal in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). This paper evaluates a one-stage deammonification (nitritation and anammox) start-up using carrier material without using anammox inoculum. A continuous laboratory-scale process was followed by full-scale operation with reject water from the digesters at Bekkelaget WWTP in Oslo, Norway. A third laboratory reactor was run in operational mode to verify the suitability of reject water from thermophilic digestion for the deammonification process...
December 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942881/predictors-of-early-in-hospital-death-after-decompressive-craniectomy-in-swollen-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction
#19
Jarle Sundseth, Antje Sundseth, Eva Astrid Jacobsen, Are Hugo Pripp, Wilhelm Sorteberg, Marianne Altmann, Karl-Fredrik Lindegaard, Jon Berg-Johnsen, Bente Thommessen
BACKGROUND: Swollen middle cerebral artery infarction is a life-threatening disease and decompressive craniectomy is improving survival significantly. Despite decompressive surgery, however, many patients are not discharged from the hospital alive. We therefore wanted to search for predictors of early in-hospital death after craniectomy in swollen middle cerebral artery infarction. METHODS: All patients operated with decompressive craniectomy due to swollen middle cerebral artery infarction at the Department of Neurosurgery, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway, between May 1998 and October 2010, were included...
February 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941469/periorbital-dermoid-cyst-with-unique-trichilemmal-differentiation
#20
Norman C Charles, Frederick A Jakobiec, Payal Patel
The authors describe a 4-year-old girl presenting with a 2-year history of a superomedial eyelid "bump" that appeared cystic on MRI. The clinical diagnosis was dermoid cyst, possibly of conjunctival origin. Following excision, histology showed a cyst that contained keratin and lanugo hairs in its lumen with sebaceous glands and chronic inflammation in its fibrous wall. An unanticipated finding was the presence of a trichilemmal (pilar) variety of epithelial lining that stained positively for calretinin, an immunostain that identifies trichilemmal epithelium...
December 9, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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