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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342561/a-strategic-document-as-a-tool-for-implementing-change-lessons-from-the-merger-creating-the-south-east-health-region-in-norway
#1
Tarald Rohde, Hans Torvatn
In 2007, the Norwegian Parliament decided to merge the two largest health regions in the country: the South and East Health Regions became the South-East Health Region (SEHR). In its resolution, the Parliament formulated strong expectations for the merger: these included more effective hospital services in the Oslo metropolitan area, freeing personnel to work in other parts of the country, and making treatment of patients more coherent. The Parliamentary resolution provided no specific instructions regarding how this should be achieved...
March 6, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325133/outcome-for-children-treated-for-medulloblastoma-and-supratentorial-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-cns-pnet-a-retrospective-analysis-spanning-40-years-of-treatment
#2
Einar Stensvold, Bård Kronen Krossnes, Tryggve Lundar, Bernt J Due-Tønnessen, Radek Frič, Paulina Due-Tønnessen, Anne Grete Bechensteen, Tor Åge Myklebust, Tom Børge Johannesen, Petter Brandal
BACKGROUND: Medulloblastoma (MB) and supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the central nervous system (CNS-PNET) are among the most common pediatric brain tumors. The diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of MB/CNS-PNET patients treated during the last four decades at Oslo University Hospital (OUH) are described. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients younger than 20 years of age diagnosed and treated for MB/CNS-PNET at OUH between 1 January 1974 and 31 December 2013 were identified...
March 21, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298059/groin-problems-in-male-soccer-players-are-more-common-than-previously-reported
#3
Joar Harøy, Ben Clarsen, Kristian Thorborg, Per Hölmich, Roald Bahr, Thor Einar Andersen
BACKGROUND: The majority of surveillance studies in soccer have used a time-;loss injury definition, and many groin problems result from overuse, leading to gradually increasing pain and/or reduced performance without necessarily causing an absence from soccer training or match play. Thus, the magnitude of groin problems in soccer has probably been underestimated in previous studies based on traditional injury surveillance methods. PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of groin problems among soccer players of both sexes and among male soccer players at different levels of play through a new surveillance method developed to capture acute and overuse problems...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277057/reasons-for-attending-a-general-emergency-outpatient-clinic-versus-a-regular-general-practitioner-a-survey-among-immigrant-and-native-walk-in-patients-in-oslo-norway
#4
Sven Eirik Ruud, Per Hjortdahl, Bård Natvig
OBJECTIVE: To explore reasons for attending a general emergency outpatient clinic versus a regular general practitioner (RGP). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using a multilingual anonymous questionnaire. SETTING: Native and immigrant walk-in patients attending a general emergency outpatient clinic in Oslo (Monday-Friday, 08:00-23:00) during 2 weeks in September 2009. SUBJECTS: We included 1022 walk-in patients: 565 native Norwegians (55%) and 457 immigrants (45%)...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271919/prosthetic-joint-infection-a-devastating-complication-of-hemiarthroplasty-for-hip-fracture
#5
Ellen Guren, Wender Figved, Frede Frihagen, Leiv Otto Watne, Marianne Westberg
Background and purpose - Hemiarthroplasty is the most common treatment in elderly patients with displaced femoral neck fracture. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a feared complication. The infection rate varies in the literature, and there are limited descriptive data available. We investigated the characteristics and outcome of PJI following hemiarthroplasty over a 15-year period. Patients and methods - Patients with PJI were identified among 519 patients treated with hemiarthroplasty for a femoral neck fracture at Oslo University Hospital between 1998 and 2012...
March 8, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267929/corrigendum
#6
(no author information available yet)
Failla MJ, Logerstedt DS, Grindem H, et al. Does extended pre-operative rehabilitation influence outcomes 2 years after ACL reconstruction? A comparative effectiveness study between MOON and Delaware-Oslo ACL cohorts. Am J Sports Med. 2016;44(10):2608-2614. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0363546516652594 ).
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258420/gender-related-differences-in-the-multi-pathway-effect-of-social-determinants-on-quality-of-life-in-older-age-the-courage-in-europe-project
#7
Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Aleksander Galas, Katarzyna Zawisza, Somnath Chatterji, Josep Maria Haro, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Seppo Koskinen, Matilde Leonardi
PURPOSE: Gender-related differences in life expectancy, prevalence of chronic conditions and level of disability in the process of ageing have been broadly described. Less is known about social determinants, which may have different impacts on quality of life in men and women. The investigation aims to reveal gender-related differences in social determinants on quality of life assessed by a multi-pathway model including health, social, demographic and living place characteristics. METHODS: The study group consisted of 5099 participants aged 50+ representing general populations of three different European regions (Finland, Poland, Spain) who participated in COURAGE in EUROPE Project...
March 3, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253366/fetal-growth-trajectories-in-pregnancies-of-european-and-south-asian-mothers-with-and-without-gestational-diabetes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Line Sletner, Anne Karen Jenum, Chittaranjan S Yajnik, Kjersti Mørkrid, Britt Nakstad, Odd Harald Rognerud-Jensen, Kåre I Birkeland, Siri Vangen
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the impact of gestational diabetes (GDM), from before the GDM-diagnosis is made, on fetal growth trajectories, and to compare it in Europeans and South Asians; two ethnic groups with dissimilar fetal growth patterns. METHODS: We studied European (n = 349) and South Asian (n = 184) pregnant women, from the population-based STORK-Groruddalen cohort in Oslo, Norway. Mothers were enrolled in early pregnancy, screened for GDM in gestational week 28 ±2, and classified as "non-GDM", "mild GDM" or "moderate/severe GDM"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253031/the-relationship-between-training-load-and-injury-in-men-s-professional-basketball-players
#9
Kaitlyn J Weiss, Sian V Allen, Mike R McGuigan, Chris S Whatman
PURPOSE: To establish the relationship between the acute:chronic workload ratio and lower extremity overuse injuries in professional basketball players over the course of a competitive season. METHODS: The acute:chronic workload ratio was determined by calculating the sum of the current week's session rate of perceived exertion (sRPE) training load (acute load) and dividing it by the average weekly training load over the previous four weeks (chronic load). All injuries were recorded weekly using a self-reported injury questionnaire (Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre Injury Questionnaire(20)) Workload ratios were modelled against injury data using a logistic regression model with unique intercepts for each player...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243785/idiopathic-subglottic-stenosis-an-epidemiological-single-center-study
#10
Maria Tyse Aarnæs, Leiv Sandvik, Kjell Brøndbo
A retrospective epidemiological study of patients treated for idiopathic subglottic stenosis (ISS) during 2003-2013 at Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, was undertaken to assess its incidence, management and treatment outcomes. Out of a total of 123 patients with subglottic stenosis (84 female, 39 men), 38 patients were diagnosed with ISS, all of whom were female. Of these, 23 lived in the South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority, representing an incidence of 0.2 per 100,000 (95% CI 0.13-0.3) in this region of 2...
February 27, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240842/characteristics-and-echogenicity-of-clinical-ultrasound-contrast-agents-an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-comparison-study
#11
Jean-Marc Hyvelin, Emmanuel Gaud, Maria Costa, Alexandre Helbert, Philippe Bussat, Thierry Bettinger, Peter Frinking
OBJECTIVES: To compare physicochemical characteristics and in vitro and in vivo contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging performance of 3 commercially available ultrasound contrast agents: SonoVue (Bracco Imaging SpA, Colleretto Giacosa, Italy; also marketed as Lumason in the USA), Definity (Lantheus Medical Imaging, North Billerica, MA) and Optison (GE Healthcare AS, Oslo, Norway). METHODS: Physicochemical characteristics were measured with a Multisizer Coulter Counter (Beckman Coulter, Fullerton, CA)...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225234/-renovascular-disease-in-children-a%C3%A2-rare-diagnosis-with-few-symptoms
#12
Hjørdis Thorsteinsdottir, Eric Dorenberg, Pål-Dag Line, Anna Bjerre
BACKGROUND To estimate the prevalence, symptoms, causes and treatment of renovascular disease in children, and also to assess the degree of secondary organ damage to the heart, kidneys and eyes (end organ damage).MATERIAL AND METHOD Retrospective review of data for all children (0 - 16 years) who were examined for resistant hypertension in the period 1998 - 2013 at Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet.RESULTS A total of 21 children/adolescents (median age 8.5 years, 11 girls) were assessed and treated for resistant hypertension in the study period...
February 2017: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219686/very-high-prevalence-of-frozen-shoulder-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-of-more-than-45-years-duration-the-dialong-shoulder-study
#13
Niels Gunnar Juel, Jens Ivar Brox, Cathrine Brunborg, Kristine Bech Holte, Tore Julsrud Berg
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of shoulder disorders and self-reported shoulder disability in patients with long-term type 1 diabetes mellitus and diabetes-free controls and explore the association between the long-term glycemic burden and shoulder disability in the diabetes group. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of shoulder diagnoses with 30 years' historical data on glycemic burden in the diabetes patients. SETTING: Questionnaires, interviews and medical records were collected at the Norwegian Diabetics Center (NDC)...
February 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216312/bone-marrow-lesions-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-hand-osteoarthritis-are-associated-with-pain-and-interact-with-synovitis
#14
R Liu, W Damman, M Reijnierse, J L Bloem, F R Rosendaal, M Kloppenburg
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between bone marrow lesions (BMLs) and (teno)synovitis as assessed on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in patients with pain in hand osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: In 105 consecutive primary hand OA patients (83% women, mean age 59 years), who were diagnosed by rheumatologists and included in the HOSTAS (Hand OSTeoArthritis in Secondary care) cohort, contrast enhanced MR imaging of right distal and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints were obtained...
February 12, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209606/long-term-experiences-of-norwegian-live-kidney-donors-qualitative-in-depth-interviews
#15
Käthe B Meyer, Ida Torunn Bjørk, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Annette Lennerling, Marit Helen Andersen
OBJECTIVE: Live kidney donation is generally viewed as a welcome treatment option for severe kidney disease. However, there is a disparity in the body of research on donor experiences and postdonation outcome, and lack of knowledge on long-term consequences described by the donors. This study was conducted to provide insight into donors' subjective meanings and interpretation of their experiences ∼10 years after donation. DESIGN: Qualitative explorative in-depth interviews...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209569/injury-rates-in-recreational-tennis-players-do-not-differ-between-different-playing-surfaces
#16
Babette M Pluim, Benjamin Clarsen, Evert Verhagen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in the prevalence of tennis injuries between the four most common court surfaces in the Netherlands, including hard court, clay, sand-fill artificial grass and red-sand-fill artificial grass. Natural grass was not included in this study. METHODS: This was a repeated cross-sectional study over 6 months, involving members of the Royal Netherlands Lawn Tennis Association (KNLTB). A monthly questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 20 000 KNLTB members, stratified by their club's playing surface...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202795/tuberculosis-outbreak-in-an-educational-institution-in-norway
#17
Gunnstein Norheim, Siri Seterelv, Trude M Arnesen, Anne Torunn Mengshoel, Tone Tønjum, Janne O Rønning, Vegard Eldholm
Within one week in April 2013, three cases of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) were reported among students attending training sessions at an educational institution in Oslo, Norway. By the end of October 2013, a total of nine epidemiologically linked cases had been reported. The outbreak encompassed a total of 24 cases in the period 2009-14, among which all of the 22 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates available had identical MIRU-VNTR profile (MtbC15-9 code 10287-189), belonging to the Beijing lineage. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) of the M...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161885/victimization-from-workplace-bullying-after-a-traumatic-event-time-lagged-relationships-with-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress
#18
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Marianne Bang Hansen, Stein Knardahl, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVE: This study examined relationships between victimization from bullying and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS) after exposure to a terror attack at the workplace. It was hypothesized that (1) victims of bullying report higher and more stable levels of PTSS over time compared to their non-bullied colleagues and (2) that PTSS provides an increased risk of subsequent victimization from bullying. METHODS: The hypotheses were tested in a two-wave prospective sample comprising 2337 employees from Norwegian governmental ministries who were exposed to the 2011 Oslo terror attack...
February 4, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145147/smoking-and-alcohol-use-are-associated-with-structural-and-inflammatory-hand-osteoarthritis-features
#19
K Magnusson, A Mathiessen, H B Hammer, T K Kvien, B Slatkowsky-Christensen, B Natvig, K B Hagen, N Østerås, I K Haugen
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether smoking and alcohol use are associated with hand osteoarthritis (OA) features in two different OA cohorts. METHOD: We studied 530 people with radiographic hand OA from the Musculoskeletal pain in Ullensaker STudy (MUST) and 187 people from the Oslo hand OA cohort [mean (sd) age 65 (8.0) and 62 (5.7) years, 71% and 91% women, respectively]. Smoking, alcohol use and hand pain were self-reported. Participants underwent conventional hand radiographs and ultrasound examination of 30 hand joints...
February 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139031/abstracts-from-the-2016-annual-meeting-of-the-scandinavian-physiological-society-university-of-oslo-oslo-norway-26th-28th-august-2016
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Acta Physiologica
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