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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225203/stigmatization-in-dermatology-with-a-special-focus-on-psoriatic-patients
#1
Dimitre Dimitrov, Jacek C Szepietowski
A stigma is currently defined as a discrediting mark, biological or social, that sets a person off from others and disrupts interactions with them. People who differ from social norms in some respect are often negatively labeled. A number of medical conditions are recognized at present as stigmatizing their sufferers and certain skin diseases are among them. The article aimed to analyze the current understanding about stigmatization among dermatological patients, especially those with psoriasis. We performed our search on PubMed up to November 2016 and utilized combinations of key phrases containing such words as stigmatization, skin, dermatology, names of various skin conditions (psoriasis, vitiligo, acne, etc...
December 11, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222262/pediatric-leukemia-susceptibility-disorders-manifestations-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Lisa J McReynolds, Sharon A Savage
The clinical manifestations of inherited susceptibility to leukemia encompass a wide phenotypic range, including patients with certain congenital anomalies or early-onset myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and some with no obvious medical problems until they develop leukemia. Leukemia susceptibility syndromes occur as a result of autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or X-linked recessive inheritance, or de novo occurrence, of germline pathogenic variants in DNA repair, ribosome biogenesis, telomere biology, hematopoietic transcription factors, tumor suppressors, and other critical cellular processes...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221652/-acyclovir-resistant-perineal-hsv-infection-revealing-chronic-lymphoid-leukaemia
#3
E A Casassa, P Nicol, R Viraben, C Gaudin, C Bulai Livideanu, C Mengelle, L Lamant, F Fortenfant, C Paul, M P Konstantinou
BACKGROUND: Chronic HSV infection is a cause of chronic perineal ulcerations. We report a case of a chronic and refractory HSV infection revealing chronic lymphoid leukaemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An 85-year-old woman with an 8-month history of chronic perineal ulcerations was referred to our dermatology department. She had no previous medical history of herpes infection. Skin biopsies ruled out carcinoma but were consistent with HSV infection. A local swab was positive for HSV2...
December 5, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221588/eau-thermale-d%C3%A2-av%C3%A3-ne-et-dermatite-atopique-av%C3%A3-ne%C3%A2-s-thermal-water-and-atopic-dermatitis
#4
D Guerrero, E Garrigue
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most frequent disease treated at the Avène hydrotherapy center. Children represent a large part of the population due to the high prevalence of AD in early childhood. Avène thermal spring water (ATSW) has been known for its therapeutic effects since the middle of the 18th century. It has been greatly studied over the last decades, with a comprehensive fundamental, pharmaco-clinical and clinical approach. Cohort studies using the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) clinical score and the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) or the Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index [CDLQI]) quality of life scores, allowed to confirm the clinical results obtained from the previous studies...
January 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216767/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-gluten-sensitivity-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
Berkeley N Limketkai, Rachel Sepulveda, Tressia Hing, Neha D Shah, Monica Choe, David Limsui, Shamita Shah
OBJECTIVES: Gluten sensitivity (GS) arises with celiac disease and has also been found in non-celiac disorders, although its characteristics in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are unclear. This study evaluated the prevalence of GS and factors associated with GS in IBD. METHODS: Adult IBD patients at a tertiary-care medical center completed a survey of their demographics, medical history, family history, social history and symptoms. Data on IBD characteristics were abstracted from the medical records...
December 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215370/opioid-use-after-discharge-in-postoperative-patients-a-systematic-review
#6
Adina E Feinberg, Tyler R Chesney, Sanjho Srikandarajah, Sergio A Acuna, Robin S McLeod
BACKGROUND: Over the past 2 decades, there has been an increase in opioid use and subsequently, opioid deaths. The amount of opioid prescribed to surgical patients has also increased. The aim of this systematic review was to determine postdischarge opioid consumption in surgical patients compared with the amount of opioid prescribed. Secondary outcomes included adequacy of pain control and disposal methods for unused opioids. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to characterize postdischarge opioid consumption and prescription patterns in surgical patients...
December 5, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214284/characteristics-of-medical-liability-claims-against-dermatologists-from-1991-through-2015
#7
Heather Kornmehl, Sanminder Singh, Brandon L Adler, Alexander E Wolf, Dean A Bochner, April W Armstrong
Importance: Recognizing malpractice trends in the field of dermatology is important for establishing safeguards for patient care and minimizing liability. However, there is a lack of published data on malpractice claims against dermatologists. Objective: To determine characteristics of medical professional liability claims in the field of dermatology and to compare these claims with those against all physicians. Design, Setting, and Participants: We examined malpractice liability data collected on dermatologists and other physicians insured by companies that report data to the Physician Insurers Association of America Data Sharing Project (PIAA-DSP), a nationally representative liability claims registry...
December 6, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211323/medical-applications-of-nonthermal-atmospheric-pressure-plasma-in-dermatology
#8
REVIEW
Lu Gan, Song Zhang, Devesh Poorun, Dawei Liu, Xinpei Lu, Mengwen He, Xiaoru Duan, Hongxiang Chen
Plasma is an ionized gas that consists of positively and negatively charged particles, neutral atoms, and photons. Recent developments in plasma sources have made it possible to generate room-temperature plasma in the "open air", thus enabling the application of plasma in vivo. Using nonthermal plasma, active agents can be efficiently delivered to target cells without creating thermal damage. Also known as cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAP), nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasma offers innovative medical applications...
December 6, 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208790/oral-manifestation-in-patients-diagnosed-with-dermatological-diseases
#9
Sanjay G Thete, Meena Kulkarni, Atul P Nikam, Tejashree Mantri, Dhiraj Umbare, Sushant Satdive, Dinraj Kulkarni
AIM: This study aimed to estimate the frequency of oral lesions in dermatological diseased patients attending the outpatient department of Pravara Rural Medical and Dental College and Hospital, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Loni, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India, and the Department of Dermatology at Medical College, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted in Loni from October 2013 to January 2014...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200762/allergen-sensitization-pattern-by-sex-a-cluster-analysis-in-korea
#10
Jungyoon Ohn, Seung Hwan Paik, Eun Jin Doh, Hyun-Sun Park, Hyun-Sun Yoon, Soyun Cho
Background: Allergens tend to sensitize simultaneously. Etiology of this phenomenon has been suggested to be allergen cross-reactivity or concurrent exposure. However, little is known about specific allergen sensitization patterns. Objective: To investigate the allergen sensitization characteristics according to gender. Methods: Multiple allergen simultaneous test (MAST) is widely used as a screening tool for detecting allergen sensitization in dermatologic clinics...
December 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200755/current-and-future-perspectives-of-stem-cell-therapy-in-dermatology
#11
REVIEW
Christine M Prodinger, Julia Reichelt, Johann W Bauer, Martin Laimer
Stem cells are undifferentiated cells capable of generating, sustaining, and replacing terminally differentiated cells and tissues. They can be isolated from embryonic as well as almost all adult tissues including skin, but are also generated through genetic reprogramming of differentiated cells. Preclinical and clinical research has recently tremendously improved stem cell therapy, being a promising treatment option for various diseases in which current medical therapies fail to cure, prevent progression or relieve symptoms...
December 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194786/microneedling-for-the-treatment-of-hair-loss
#12
REVIEW
Raymond M Fertig, A Caresse Gamret, Jessica Cervantes, Antonella Tosti
Microneedling is a minimally invasive dermatological procedure in which fine needles are rolled over the skin to puncture the stratum corneum. This therapy is used to induce collagen formation, neovascularization, and growth factor production of treated areas. It has been used in a wide range of dermatologic conditions, including androgenetic alopecia and alopecia areata, among others. While there are a limited number of studies examining this therapy in the use of hair loss, microneedling has been successfully paired with other hair growth promoting therapies, such as minoxidil, platelet rich plasma, and topical steroids, and shown to stimulate hair follicle growth...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194776/endosymbiosis-and-its-significance-in-dermatology
#13
REVIEW
Katarzyna Kubiak, Hanna Sielawa, Wenchieh Chen, Ewa Dzika
Proposed at the beginning of the 20th to explain the origin of eukaryotic organelles from prokaryotes, endosymbiosis is now medically defined by various interaction patterns between microorganisms and their residing hosts, best exemplified by the bacterial endosymbiont Wolbachia identified in arthropods and filarial nematodes, which can influence normal development, reproduction, survival, and transmission of the hosts. Based on the transmission modes, vertical or horizontal, and the function of the endosymbionts, the host-symbiont dependence can be divided into primary or secondary...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193379/online-education-improves-pediatric-residents-understanding-of-atopic-dermatitis
#14
Megan F Craddock, Heather M Blondin, Molly J Youssef, Megha M Tollefson, Lauren F Hill, Janice L Hanson, Anna L Bruckner
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pediatricians manage skin conditions such as atopic dermatitis (AD) but report that their dermatologic training is inadequate. Online modules may enhance medical education when sufficient didactic or clinical teaching experiences are lacking. We assessed whether an online module about AD improved pediatric residents' knowledge and changed their clinical management of AD. METHODS: Target and control cohorts of pediatric residents from two institutions were recruited...
November 29, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191354/alliances-fair-or-lethal
#15
Mauricio Goihman-Yahr
Alliances are necessary for the development of individuals, institutions, and civilizations. Optimally, alliances provide benefits to their components; nevertheless, gains are not always symmetrical. Some alliances may prove detrimental or even lethal to some or all of the allies. I analyze some types of covenants using examples of history to provide a framework for drawing salient features of the alliance between the legal and the medical professions. This joint effort should be inherently beneficial to both; yet, particularly in the United States, the equilibrium is skewed against the medical profession...
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186257/lymphangioma-secondary-to-irradiation-after-mastectomy
#16
Aline Oliveti, Tatiana Basso Biasi, Gabriella Di Giunta Funchal
Lymphangioma is a rare benign disease of the lymphatic vessels. Typically, they are primary conditions but may be acquired secondarily, such as those caused by irradiation during radiotherapy for the treatment of breast cancer. The local lymphatic obstruction provoked by irradiation causes the appearance of asymptomatic hyaline vesicles on the irradiated skin. The present report describes a 78-year-old female patient, who initially presented hyaline vesicles that progressed into multiple papules with serous exudation of a yellowish and odorless secretion on the area of chronic radiodermitis in right breast...
May 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177140/trichoscopy-of-steroid-induced-atrophy
#17
Rodrigo Pirmez, Leonardo S Abraham, Bruna Duque-Estrada, Patrícia Damasco, Débora Cadore Farias, Yanna Kelly, Isabella Doche
Intralesional corticosteroid (IL-CS) injections have been used to treat a variety of dermatological and nondermatological diseases. Although an important therapeutic tool in dermatology, a number of local side effects, including skin atrophy, have been reported following IL-CS injections. We recently noticed that a subset of patients with steroid-induced atrophy presented with ivory-colored areas under trichoscopy. We performed a retrospective analysis of trichoscopic images and medical records from patients presenting ivory-colored areas associated with atrophic scalp lesions...
October 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171408/melanoma-and-tattoos-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Francesco Ricci, Andrea Paradisi, Stephanie Alissa Maier, Maximilian Kovacs, Maurizio Podda, Ketty Peris, Damiano Abeni
BACKGROUND: Malignant melanoma cases arising in tattoos have been increasingly described, however, there is no clear relationship between this practice and the development of cutaneous malignancies. OBJECTIVES: We report a new case of melanoma in a dark-blue tattoo and we review all cases of melanoma reported in the medical literature from 1938 to date. MATERIALS & METHODS: Pubmed and Google Scholar were searched using the terms "melanoma tattoo", "tattoo skin tumour" and "ink melanoma"...
November 24, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167858/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinomas-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-compared-with-immunocompetent-patients
#19
Joyce Y Cheng, Fang-Yong Li, Christine J Ko, Oscar R Colegio
Importance: Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) have a 100-fold increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and they may develop more aggressive SCCs compared with immunocompetent individuals. Objective: To compare outcomes associated with aggressive behavior of SCC in SOTRs and high-risk immunocompetent patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study of 58 SOTRs and 40 immunocompetent patients evaluated at the Yale Transplant Dermatology Clinic in New Haven, Connecticut, who had at least 1 SCC confirmed histopathologically between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2015...
November 22, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161888/multiple-physiological-benefits-of-bird-s-nest-fern-asplenium-australasicum-frond-extract-for-dermatological-applications
#20
Wen-Wen Zeng, Lih-Shiuh Lai
p-coumaric acid and fucose-rich polysaccharide have been studied for many bio-functions in skin including cutaneous protection from oxidative damage and antiageing, respectively, as well as wound healing. The physiological activities of various bird's nest fern extracts (BNFE), containing considerable fucose-rich mucilage and p-coumaric acid, on fibroblast and human skin were first investigated. BNFE with higher polysaccharide content generally contributed to a better moisture holding capability. Furthermore, BNFE showed pronouncedly enhancing effect on collagen production and growth of fibroblast (NIH-3T3), clinical trial results revealed that the emulsions with 1% BNFE showed good moisturising effect and improved the elasticity of human skins effectively...
November 22, 2017: Natural Product Research
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