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Medical dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429969/advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-management-of-common-skin-diseases-in-neonates-and-infants
#1
Annalisa Patrizi, Iria Neri, Giampaolo Ricci, Francesca Cipriani, Giulia Maria Ravaioli
neonatal and infantile skin diseases are frequently encountered in the clinical practice and represent worldwide a socioeconomic issue. They encompass a wide range of acquired or congenital conditions, including infections, vascular lesions and inflammatory diseases and can present with different degrees of severity, leading in some cases to dramatic complications. Areas covered: In this paper we report the most recent evidences on the management of some common skin diseases in neonates and infants. Hemangiomas, viral, fungal and bacterial infections, omphalitis, atopic and seborrhoeic dermatitis, napkin disease will be treated and discussed...
April 21, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427793/contribution-of-health-care-factors-to-the-burden-of-skin-disease-in-the-united-states
#2
Henry W Lim, Scott A B Collins, Jack S Resneck, Jean L Bolognia, Julie A Hodge, Thomas A Rohrer, Marta J Van Beek, David J Margolis, Arthur J Sober, Martin A Weinstock, David R Nerenz, Wendy Smith Begolka, Jose V Moyano
The American Academy of Dermatology has developed an up-to-date national Burden of Skin Disease Report on the impact of skin disease on patients and on the US population. In this second of 3 manuscripts, data are presented on specific health care dimensions that contribute to the overall burden of skin disease. Through the use of data derived from medical claims in 2013 for 24 skin disease categories, these results indicate that skin disease health care is delivered most frequently to the aging US population, who are afflicted with more skin diseases than other age groups...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421728/oral-pigmentations-in-physiologic-conditions-post-inflammatory-affections-and-systemic-diseases
#3
Martina Lambertini, Annalisa Patrizi, Giulia M Ravaioli, Emi Dika
Melanocytes are found throughout the oral mucosa but usually go unnoticed because of their relatively low level of pigment production. When focally or generally active in pigment production or proliferation they may be responsible for several affections in the oral mucosae ranging from physiologic pigmentation, systemic diseases to malignant neoplasms. The diagnosis of oral pigmentations (OP) is usually challenging for the physician, but a careful examination of the oral cavity may reveal the first manifestation of underlying systemic diseases...
April 19, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417476/clindamycin-associated-acute-generalized-exanthematous-pustulosis
#4
C Croy, K Buehrle, J Austin Szwak
WHAT IS KNOWN AND THE OBJECTIVE: Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a rare, severe cutaneous reaction that usually occurs following medication exposure. Clindamycin has rarely been linked to dermatologic side effects, including AGEP. CASE SUMMARY: This report details the case of a patient who developed AGEP with vancomycin and clindamycin use. After discontinuing clindamycin, the rash improved significantly. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: Timely management of adverse skin reactions to antibiotics is paramount, and early identification of the culprit agent can allow for an alternative agent to be utilized...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405552/over-the-counter-and-prescription-medications-for-acne-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-a-sample-of-university-students-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Mohja D Alshehri, Abdulsalam T Almutairi, Asma M Alomran, Batool A Alrashed, Feroze Kaliyadan
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND: Acne is a very common dermatological condition found among the adolescent population in Saudi Arabia. Many patients with acne try various forms of self-medication, over the counter medicines (OTC), and prescription medicines for the same. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study among university students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). A validated questionnaire was distributed to a convenience sample of university students to evaluate their knowledge and attitudes towards OTC (mainly) as well as prescription medicine for acne...
March 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403263/microneedling-in-all-skin-types-a-review
#6
Lauren Meshkov Bonati, Gorana Kuka Epstein, Tamara Lazic Strugar
<p>INTRODUCTION: Microneedling procedures are growing in popularity for a wide variety of skin conditions. This paper comprehensively reviews the medical literature regarding skin needling efficacy and safety in all skin types and in multiple dermatologic conditions.</p> <p>METHODS: A PubMed literature search was conducted in all languages without restriction and bibliographies of relevant articles reviewed. Search terms included: "microneedling," "percutaneous collagen induction," "needling," "skin needling," and "dermaroller...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403076/diffuse-melanosis-cutis-related-to-dermal-micrometastases-as-the-first-clinical-symptom-of-distant-metastatic-malignant-melanoma-case-report
#7
Joanna Maj, Alina Jankowska-Konsur, Joanna Gruber, Zdzisław Woźniak, Piotr Nockowski, Anita Hryncewicz-Gwóźdź
RATIONALE: Diffuse melanosis cutis (DMC) is a very rare sign of malignant melanoma progression. The condition usually develops after approximately one year from melanoma diagnosis in a patient with metastatic tumors and after anticancer treatment with cytostatic medications. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 72-year old Caucasian man was admitted to the Department of Dermatology with DMC for 4 months and the history of two melanomas treated surgically 30 years and 9 months before present hospitalization...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400706/hypersensitivity-reactions-due-to-black-henna-tattoos-and-their-components-are-the-clinical-pictures-related-to-the-immune-pathomechanism
#8
REVIEW
Gianfranco Calogiuri, Elisabetta Di Leo, Lavjay Butani, Stefano Pizzimenti, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Luigi Macchia, Eustachio Nettis
Hypersensitivity to para-phenylenediamine (PPD) and related compounds induced by temporary black henna tattoos has become a serious health problem worldwide. Different patterns of sensitization with various clinical aspects are described in literature due to PPD associated to henna tattoo and these manifestations are likely correlated with the immunological and dermatological pathomechanisms involved. Henna is the Persian name of the plant Lawsonia inermis, Fam. Lythraceae. It is a woody shrub that grow in regions of North Africa, South Asia, India and Sri Lanka...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399154/silk-garments-plus-standard-care-compared-with-standard-care-for-treating-eczema-in-children-a-randomised-controlled-observer-blind-pragmatic-trial-clothes-trial
#9
Kim S Thomas, Lucy E Bradshaw, Tracey H Sach, Jonathan M Batchelor, Sandra Lawton, Eleanor F Harrison, Rachel H Haines, Amina Ahmed, Hywel C Williams, Taraneh Dean, Nigel P Burrows, Ian Pollock, Joanne Llewellyn, Clare Crang, Jane D Grundy, Juliet Guiness, Andrew Gribbin, Eleanor J Mitchell, Fiona Cowdell, Sara J Brown, Alan A Montgomery
BACKGROUND: The role of clothing in the management of eczema (also called atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema) is poorly understood. This trial evaluated the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of silk garments (in addition to standard care) for the management of eczema in children with moderate to severe disease. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This was a parallel-group, randomised, controlled, observer-blind trial. Children aged 1 to 15 y with moderate to severe eczema were recruited from secondary care and the community at five UK medical centres...
April 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397947/chronic-diseases-among-vitiligo-patients-a-case-control-study
#10
Abdullah O Al Houssien, Rana O Al Houssien, Waleed Al Ajroush, Hassan S Al Kahtani
To identify the proportion and risk of chronic diseases in vitiligo patients in a tertiary hospital in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Methods: A retrospective case-control study included 61 vitiligo patients and 61 normal non-dermatology controls in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, KSA between January and September 2016. Age, gender and  co-morbid diseases including hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity and hypothyroidism were retrieved from participants' charts and medical records. Proportion and mean were used to describe the variables, and odds ratio (OR) was used to test the data...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397714/effect-of-intravenous-pulse-dexamethasone-versus-daily-oral-prednisolone-on-bone-mineral-density-in-dermatology-patients-is-it-a-site-specific-response
#11
Sanjeev Handa, Gurjeet Singh, Amanjot Kaur Arora, Niranjan Khandelwal, Vivek Gupta
BACKGROUND: The use of glucocorticoids in various forms of administration is complicated by their systemic side effects. Although intravenous pulse therapy is considered to have lesser systemic side effects, there are few studies in literature comparing the effects of intravenous pulse glucocorticoids versus oral daily glucocorticoids on bone mineral density. AIM: To compare the effects of intravenous pulse glucocorticoids and oral daily glucocorticoids on bone mineral density with the aim of finding any site-specific osteopenic side effect...
April 10, 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397660/-dermatologic-laser-surgery
#12
Lene Hedelund, Berit C Carlsen, Hans Bredsted Lomholt, Susanne Vissing, Merete Hædersdal
In this article we give an overview of which skin conditions that are currently treated with laser and explains the basic principles of treatment. In addition, we summarize recommendations of the Danish Dermatological Society for demarcation of medical treatments which can be provided free of charge from cosmetic self-payment treatments.
February 20, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395432/-clinicopathological-features-of-acantholytic-mammary-paget-s-disease-a-report-of-28-cases
#13
Y P Zeng, C Chen, K Fang, Q N Jia, D L Ma
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of acantholytic mammary Paget's disease (AMPD). Methods: From January, 2010 to October, 2016, a total of 28 patients were diagnosed as AMPD in the Department of Dermatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. The clinical and histopathological data of these patients were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The patients were all female. The mean age of onset was (51±15)years (range, 24 to 78 years). The median course of disease was 10.5 months (range, 3 months to 2 years)...
April 11, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393339/-the-status-change-and-health-issues-of-inpatients-sixth-vital-sign-in-a-medical-center
#14
Li-Ying Lin, Ya-Hui Huang, Chung-Lung Hung, Ya-Mei Chen, Ching-Ju Kuo, Yan-Chiou Ku
BACKGROUND: Hospitalized patients generally have elevated levels of emotional distress. Gaining a better under-standing of the problem of emotional distress among hospitalized patients is conducive to providing appropriate emotional care and promoting their recovery. PURPOSE: To analyze the scores for the "sixth vital sign" (i.e., emotional distress), diversification, and the health-related problems of hospitalized patients at a medical center in Taiwan. The results may offer an important reference for providing effective emotional care to hospitalized patients...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392715/positive-predictive-values-of-international-classification-of-diseases-10th-revision-codes-for-dermatologic-events-and-hypersensitivity-leading-to-hospitalization-or-emergency-room-visit-among-women-with-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-in-the-danish-and-swedish
#15
Kasper Adelborg, Lotte Brix Christensen, Troels Munch, Johnny Kahlert, Ylva Trolle Lagerros, Grethe S Tell, Ellen M Apalset, Fei Xue, Vera Ehrenstein
BACKGROUND: Clinical epidemiology research studies, including pharmacoepidemiology and pharmacovigilance studies, use routinely collected health data, such as diagnoses recorded in national health and administrative registries, to assess clinical effectiveness and safety of treatments. We estimated positive predictive values (PPVs) of International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) codes for primary diagnoses of dermatologic events and hypersensitivity recorded at hospitalization or emergency room visit in the national patient registries of Denmark and Sweden among women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO)...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390814/meeting-report-of-the-pathogenesis-of-pemphigus-and-pemphigoid-meeting-in-munich-september-2016
#16
Enno Schmidt, Volker Spindler, Rüdiger Eming, Masayuki Amagai, Frank Antonicelli, John F Baines, Meriem Belheouane, Philippe Bernard, Luca Borradori, Marzia Caproni, Giovanni Di Zenzo, Sergei Grando, Karen Harman, Marcel F Jonkman, Hiroshi Koga, Ralf J Ludwig, Andrew P Kowalczyk, Eliane J Müller, Wataru Nishie, Hendri Pas, Aimee S Payne, Christian D Sadik, Allan Seppänen, Jane Setterfield, Hiroshi Shimizu, Animesh A Sinha, Eli Sprecher, Michael Sticherling, Hideyuki Ujiie, Detlef Zillikens, Michael Hertl, Jens Waschke
Autoimmune blistering diseases are a heterogeneous group of about a dozen complex disorders that are characterized by intraepidermal (pemphigus) and subepidermal blistering (pemphigoid diseases and dermatitis herpetiformis). The Pathogenesis of Pemphigus and Pemphigoid Meeting, organized by the Departments of Dermatology in Lübeck and Marburg and the Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Munich, was held in September 2016 in Munich. The meeting brought together basic scientists and clinicians from all continents dedicating their work to autoimmune blistering diseases...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388720/new-uses-of-abobotulinumtoxina-in-aesthetics
#17
Joel Schlessinger, Erin Gilbert, Joel L Cohen, Joely Kaufman
BotulinumtoxinA (BoNT-A) is now widely established for the main approved indication of reducing glabellar lines, and is also widely used off-label to improve the appearance of wrinkles and lines in other parts of the face. The number of aesthetic procedures continues to increase as the patient population becomes more diverse, in particular with increasing numbers of people of color and men. Further developments in treatment may continue to expand the audience for BoNT-A by making procedures more comfortable and by delivering a more natural, less static appearance...
May 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377030/the-role-of-wide-local-excision-for-the-treatment-of-severe-hidradenitis-suppurativa-hurley-grade-iii-retrospective-analysis-of-74-patients
#18
Christian Posch, Babak Monshi, Tamara Quint, Igor Vujic, Nikolaus Lilgenau, Klemens Rappersberger
BACKGROUND: Effective medical treatment for patients with severe hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is limited. OBJECTIVES: We sought to measure the impact of wide local excision on quality of life in HS Hurley grade III patients and to examine the rate of postoperative complications, disease recurrences, and satisfaction with the cosmetic results. METHODS: Seventy-four patients were enrolled. Outcome measures included Dermatology Life Quality Index responses, disease duration, recurrence, previous therapies, postoperative complications, and satisfaction with cosmetic results...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357830/preparation-and-medical-follow-up-for-a-single-handed-transatlantic-rowing-race
#19
Mathieu Carron, Mathieu Coulange, Christophe Dupuy, Pierre Mastalski, Bruno Barberon, Alexis Roullaud, Agnalys Desplantes, Jean-Pierre Auffray
BACKGROUND: A single-handed transatlantic rowing race was organised between Senegal and French Guyana (2600 nautical miles). During the race, rowers adjust their lifestyle to maintain an optimal level of performance. Nutrition, circadian rhythm disturbance, psychological state, pain and other medical problems impact on physical abilities and increase the occurrence of accidents. We surveyed the prevalence of medical complications during this race and the preparation that we could suggest for this kind of activity...
2017: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352934/book-review-skin-and-psyche
#20
Liljana Mervic
Skin and Psyche by Klas Nordlind, Department of Dermatology Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden and Anna Zalewska-Janowska, Psychodermatology Department, Medical University of Łódź, Poland: Bentham Science Publishers, Sharjah, U.A.E, 2016, 239 pages, ISBN: 978-1-68108-302-5, eISBN 978-1-68108-301-8.
March 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
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