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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457945/factors-that-influence-nurses-assessment-of-patient-acuity-and-response-to-acute-deterioration
#1
Mark Dalton, John Harrison, Anitra Malin, Conan Leavey
BACKGROUND: nurses play a crucial role in the early recognition and management of the deteriorating patient. They are responsible for the care they provide to their patients, part of which is the monitoring of vital signs (blood pressure, pulse, respiratory rate and temperature), which are fundamental in the surveillance of deterioration. The aim of this study was to discover what factors influence how nurses assess patient acuity and their response to acute deterioration. METHODS: a generic qualitative approach was used...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455716/how-collegiate-fraternity-and-sorority-involvement-relates-to-substance-use-during-young-adulthood-and-substance-use-disorders-in-early-midlife-a-national-longitudinal-study
#2
Sean Esteban McCabe, Philip Veliz, John E Schulenberg
PURPOSE: To assess how social fraternity involvement (i.e., membership and residence) in college relates to substance use behaviors and substance use disorder symptoms during young adulthood and early midlife in a national sample. METHODS: National multi-cohort probability samples of US high school seniors from the Monitoring the Future study were assessed at baseline (age 18) and followed longitudinally via self-administered surveys across seven follow-up waves to age 35...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452409/recruitment-and-retention-of-trainee-physicians-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-motivations-and-influences-on-career-choice-of-trainee-physicians
#3
C Ryan, E Ward, M Jones
Background: Across the UK there are vacant physician posts at every level. This increases workload and stress for those who remain, in turn making substantive jobs less attractive. Aim: To understand the influences on career choice and retention in training of current trainee physicians. Methods: An online survey, with a combination of closed and free text questions, was developed to assess factors that affected career choices. This was sent to all core and higher specialty trainees in Scotland and Associate or Collegiate members of the Royal College of Physicians Edinburgh not training in Scotland...
February 14, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450249/towards-an-understanding-of-self-directed-language-as-a-mechanism-of-behavior-change-a-novel-strategy-for-eliciting-client-language-under-laboratory-conditions
#4
Benjamin O Ladd, Tracey A Garcia, Kristen G Anderson
Introduction: Change talk (CT) and sustain talk (ST) are thought to reflect underlying motivation and be important mechanisms of behavior change (MOBCs). However, greater specificity and experimental rigor is needed to establish CT and ST as MOBCs. Testing the effects of self-directed language under laboratory conditions is one promising avenue. The current study presents a replication and extension of research examining the feasibility for using simulation tasks to elicit self-directed language...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449760/pediatric-psychologists-career-satisfaction-2015-society-of-pediatric-psychology-workforce-survey-results
#5
Marisa E Hilliard, Cheryl Brosig, Andre A A Williams, Jessica Valenzuela, Astrida Kaugars, Paul M Robins, Peggy Christidis, Karen E Stamm, Tim Wysocki
Little is known about the career satisfaction of pediatric psychologists, who specialize in psychological research, teaching, and clinical service in the context of pediatric healthcare. As part of the larger Society of Pediatric Psychology Workforce Survey and in collaboration with the American Psychological Association Center for Workforce Studies, this study aimed to: (1) describe the career domains which pediatric psychologists perceive to be important and their satisfaction in each domain, and (2) compare satisfaction of pediatric psychologists across work settings, number of positions, appointment duration, professional roles, career stage, academic rank, and gender...
December 2017: Professional Psychology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438116/analysis-of-football-injuries-by-position-group-in-division-i-college-football-a-5-year-program-review
#6
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Matthew L Krill, Timothy E Hewett
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate injury characteristics by position groups. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: A single, major Division I collegiate football program. PARTICIPANTS: All players on a collegiate football program each fall regular season. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Exposure to Division I collegiate football and position groups. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Injury rates (IRs) per 1000 athlete exposures (AEs) and injury rate ratios (IRRs) were calculated and analyzed for all monitored injury variables, which included time in the season, body part, type of injury, game and practice injuries, mechanism of injury, and type of exposure...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435691/common-data-elements-collected-among-universities-for-sport-related-concussion-studies
#7
Jingzhen Yang, Corinne Peek-Asa, James M Noble, James Torner, Paul Schmidt, Martha L Cooper
BACKGROUND: Universities are increasingly implementing programs to effectively respond to and manage sport-related concussions (SRCs). One such effort is to develop common data elements (CDEs) and standardize data collection methods. The objectives of this study were to describe CDEs currently collected by Big Ten and Ivy League universities for SRC studies, and to compare the data collected with the core CDEs recommended by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)...
February 12, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433647/the-success-of-return-to-sport-after-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injury-in-baseball-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Scott D Peters, Garrett S Bullock, Adam P Goode, Grant E Garrigues, David S Ruch, Michael P Reiman
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament injury (UCLI) has significantly increased in overhead sports during the past 2 decades. Differences in return to sport (RTS) and RTS at previous level (RTSP) after UCLI have not been differentiated. METHODS: A computer-assisted literature search of PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and SportDiscus databases using keywords related to RTS for UCLI was implemented. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were used for study methodology...
March 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431544/monitoring-training-load-and-well-being-during-the-in-season-phase-in-ncaa-division-i-men-s-basketball
#9
Daniele Conte, Nicholas Kolb, Aaron T Scanlan, Fabrizio Santolamazza
PURPOSE: this study aimed to characterize the weekly training load (TL) and well-being in college basketball players during the in-season phase. METHODS: Ten (6 guards and 4 forwards) male basketball players (age: 20.9 ± 0.9 years; stature: 195.0 ± 8.2 cm; body mass: 91.3 ± 11.3 kg) from the same Division I National Collegiate Athletic Association team were recruited to participate in this study. Individualized training and game loads were assessed using the session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) at the end of each training and game session, while well-being status was collected before each session...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420058/athletic-training-student-core-competency-implementation-during-patient-encounters
#10
Julie M Cavallario, Bonnie L Van Lunen, Johanna M Hoch, Matthew Hoch, Sarah A Manspeaker, Shana L Pribesh
CONTEXT: Health care research evidence suggests that early patient encounters (PEs), as well as the purposeful implementation of professional core competencies (CCs), for athletic training students (ATSs) may be beneficial to their ability to provide care. However, no investigators have related facets of the clinical education experience with CC implementation as a form of summative assessment of the clinical experience. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between the frequency and length of PEs, as well as the student's role and clinical site during PEs, and the students' perceived CC implementation during these encounters...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415213/risk-of-exertional-heat-illnesses-associated-with-sickle-cell-trait-in-u-s-military
#11
Darrell E Singer, Celia Byrne, Ligong Chen, Stephanie Shao, Jonathan Goldsmith, David W Niebuhr
Introduction: A number of studies have found an association between sickle cell trait (SCT) and exertional heat illnesses (EHIs) including heat stroke, a potentially fatal condition. The strength of this association varied across studies, limiting the ability to quantify potential benefits of SCT-screening policies for competitive athletics and military service members. We determined the relative rate and attributable risk of developing EHI associated with being SCT positive and the EHI health care utilization...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410567/side-to-side-difference-in-dynamic-unilateral-balance-ability-and-pitching-performance-in-japanese-collegiate-baseball-pitchers
#12
Osamu Yanagisawa, Genki Futatsubashi, Hidenori Taniguchi
[Purpose] To evaluate the side-to-side difference in dynamic unilateral balance ability and to determine the correlation of the balance ability with pitching performance in collegiate baseball pitchers. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-five Japanese collegiate baseball pitchers participated in this study. Dynamic balance ability during a unilateral stance was bilaterally evaluated using the star excursion balance test (SEBT). The pitchers threw 20 fastballs at an official pitching distance; the maximal ball velocity and pitching accuracy (the number of strike/20 pitches × 100) were assessed...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406788/defining-the-term-overuse-an-evidence-based-review-of-sport-epidemiology-literature
#13
Elizabeth R Neil, Zachary K Winkelmann, Jessica R Edler
Reference:  Roos KG, Marshall SW. Definition and usage of the term "overuse injury" in the US high school and collegiate sport epidemiology literature: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2014;44(3):405-421. CLINICAL QUESTION:   What is the current context of the term overuse in the epidemiologic sports injury literature? DATA SOURCES:   The authors performed a database search of PubMed and SPORTDiscus. The Boolean phrases athletics AND injury and overuse OR epidemiology were searched...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405798/the-effect-of-core-stability-training-on-functional-movement-patterns-in-collegiate-athletes
#14
Sajad Bagherian, Khodayar Ghasempoor, Nader Rahnama, Erik A Wikstrom
CONTEXT: Pre-participation examinations are the standard approach for assessing poor movement quality that would increase musculoskeletal injury risk. However, little is known about how core stability influences functional movement patterns. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week core stability program on functional movement patterns in collegiate athletes. The secondary purpose was to determine if the core stability training program would be more effective in those with worse movement quality (i...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400421/effects-of-adverse-events-in-health-care-on-acute-care-nurses-in-an-australian-context-a-qualitative-study
#15
Ashley Kable, Brian Kelly, Jon Adams
Adverse events in health care significantly impact health professionals who become the second victims of medical error. The aim of the present study was to understand the effects of adverse events in health care on nurses in acute health-care settings in an Australian context. In this qualitative, descriptive study, we used purposeful sampling and recruited 10 acute care nurses. Interviews were conducted from 2011 to 2012 and were recorded, transcribed, and returned to participants to verify their accuracy...
February 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396916/coping-with-interruptions-in-clinical-nursing-a-qualitative-study
#16
Sussie Laustsen, Liselotte Brahe
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To gain knowledge on how nurses' cope with interruptions in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Interruptions may delay work routines and result in wasted time, disorganised planning and ineffective working procedures, affecting nurses' focus and overview in different ways. Research has identified a growing problem linking errors or adverse events with interruptions. It may affect patient safety if nurses are not paying attention to interruptions...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393715/inter-rater-and-intra-rater-reliability-of-a-clinical-protocol-for-measuring-turnout-in-collegiate-dancers
#17
Amanda Greene, Andrea Lasner, Rajwinder Deu, Seth Oliphant, Kenneth Johnson
Reliable methods of measuring turnout in dancers and comparing active turnout (used in class) with functional (uncompensated) turnout are needed. Authors have suggested measurement techniques but there is no clinically useful, easily reproducible technique with established inter-rater and intra-rater reliability. We adapted a technique based on previous research, which is easily reproducible. We hypothesized excellent inter-rater and intra-rater reliability between experienced physical therapists (PTs) and a briefly trained faculty member from a university's department of dance...
February 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389695/anthropometric-and-athletic-performance-combine-test-results-among-positions-within-grade-levels-of-high-school-aged-american-football-players
#18
Todd J Leutzinger, Zachary M Gillen, Amelia M Miramonti, Brianna D McKay, Alegra I Mendez, Joel T Cramer
The purpose of the present study was to investigate differences among player positions at three grade levels in elite, collegiate-prospective American football players. Participants' data (n = 7,160) were analyzed for this study [mean height (Ht) ± standard deviation (SD) = 178 ± 7 cm, weight (Wt) = 86 ± 19 kg]. Data were obtained from 12 different high school American football recruiting combines hosted by Zybek Sports (Boulder, Colorado). Eight two-way (9x3) mixed factorial ANOVAs [position (defensive back (DB), defensive end (DE), defensive lineman (DL), linebacker (LB), offensive lineman (OL), quarterback (QB), running back (RB), tight end (TE), and wide receiver (WR) x grade (freshmen, sophomores, and juniors)] were used to test for differences among the mean test scores for each combine measure [Ht, Wt, 40-yard (40yd) dash, pro-agility drill (PA), L-cone drill (LC), vertical jump (VJ), and broad jump (BJ)]...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389467/the-effect-of-massage-on-acceleration-and-sprint-performance-in-track-field-athletes
#19
Ryan N Moran, John M Hauth, Robert Rabena
PURPOSE: To examine the acute effects of pre-competition massage on acceleration and sprint performance in collegiate track and field athletes. METHODS: Seventeen collegiate male (n = 9) and female (N = 8) track and field athletes participated in the study. Athletes were assigned to a counterbalanced, repeated measures designed experiment testing four treatment conditions of a pre-competition massage, dynamic warm-up, combination of a massage and warm-up, and a placebo ultrasound...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385006/wingate-anaerobic-test-reliability-on-the-velotron-with-ice-hockey-players
#20
Ryan F Bringhurst, Dale R Wagner, Sarah Schwartz
This study evaluated the test-retest reliability of the Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) performed on a Velotron electromagnetically-braked cycle ergometer (EE) for power-trained athletes and assessed whether a familiarization trial was necessary to achieve high test-retest reliability. Twenty-one male ice hockey players (age 23.5 ± 4.7 yrs, mass 86.3 ± 16.6 kg, height 180.9 ± 7.4 cm) from a collegiate club team (Club = 10) and a recreational league (Rec = 11) performed three, 30-sec WAnTs within 2 weeks, and with at least 24 hours between visits...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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