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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230925/not-all-athletes-are-equal-but-don-t-call-me-an-exerciser-response-to-araujo-and-scharhag-2016
#1
Clare MacMahon, Lucy Parrington
Many Olympians and Paralympians would not be called athletes if what dictates this classification is fulfilling the criteria of Araujo and Scharhag (2016). Shelley Watts, Australian amateur boxer and Commonwealth gold medallist undertakes a double degree in law and sports science, something which undoubtedly takes up a considerable number of hours throughout her week (Australian Olympic Committie [AOC], 2016). There are many other athletes in similar positions - College athletes in the United States who are part of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), for example...
February 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229390/the-reproducibility-of-blood-acid-base-responses-in-male-collegiate-athletes-following-individualised-doses-of-sodium-bicarbonate-a-randomised-controlled-crossover-study
#2
Lewis A Gough, Sanjoy K Deb, Andy S Sparks, Lars R McNaughton
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) should be ingested based upon the individualised alkalotic peak of either blood pH or bicarbonate (HCO3(-)) because of large inter-individual variations (10-180 min). If such a strategy is to be practical, the blood analyte response needs to be reproducible. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the degree of reproducibility of both time to peak (TTP) and absolute change in blood pH, HCO3(-) and sodium (Na(+)) following acute NaHCO3 ingestion...
February 22, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225709/the-relationship-between-trunk-rotation-upper-quarter-dynamic-stability-and-pitch-velocity
#3
Garrett S Bullock, Abigail C Schmitt, Patrick Chasse, Barrett A Little, Lee H Diehl, Robert J Butler
Understanding the relationship between upper quarter mobility, dynamic stability and pitching velocity may be beneficial in elucidating underlying factors that affect pitching performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate upper trunk rotation mobility and upper quarter dynamic stability and their correlation to pitch velocity in NCAA Division I collegiate pitchers. We hypothesized that collegiate pitchers with greater upper trunk rotation mobility and upper extremity dynamic stability would exhibit higher pitching velocity...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218939/assessment-of-factors-for-recruiting-and-retaining-medical-students-to-rural-communities-using-the-community-apgar-questionnaire
#4
Alex J Reed, David Schmitz, Edward Baker, James Girvan, Theodore McDonald
BACKGROUND: Rural communities throughout the United States are eager to recruit and retain family physicians. This study examined factors that may contribute to a medical student's decision to consider rural family medicine practice using the Community Apgar Questionnaire (CAQ). METHODS: Third- and fourth-year medical students from 10 medical schools responded to a survey of 62 identified factors deemed to be present when assessing the strengths and challenges of recruiting family physicians to rural communities...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218393/the-relative-position-of-the-human-fibula-to-the-tibia-influences-cross-sectional-properties-of-the-tibia
#5
Benjamin M Auerbach, Alice F Gooding, Colin N Shaw, Adam D Sylvester
OBJECTIVES: The fibula transmits loads within the lower limb of hominids. The few studies of variation in the cross-sectional geometric (CSG) properties of the fibula have established differences in its rigidity among groups engaged in distinct habitual loading activities. This study adds to this research by considering the relationship between CSG properties and the anatomical position of the fibula relative to the tibia among groups with differences in documented activity patterns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used pQCT scans taken at 50% of the length of the lower leg in 83 healthy young adult collegiate-aged individuals divided into five activity groups: runners, swimmers, cricketers, field hockey players, and non-athletes...
February 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217414/dance-balance-and-core-muscle-performance-measures-are-improved-following-a-9-week-core-stabilization-training-program-among-competitive-collegiate-dancers
#6
Todd Watson, Jessica Graning, Sue McPherson, Elizabeth Carter, Joshuah Edwards, Isaac Melcher, Taylor Burgess
BACKGROUND: Dance performance requires not only lower extremity muscle strength and endurance, but also sufficient core stabilization during dynamic dance movements. While previous studies have identified a link between core muscle performance and lower extremity injury risk, what has not been determined is if an extended core stabilization training program will improve specific measures of dance performance. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: This study examined the impact of a nine-week core stabilization program on indices of dance performance, balance measures, and core muscle performance in competitive collegiate dancers...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216249/position-statement-of-the-brazilian-academy-of-rhinology-on-the-use-of-antihistamines-antileukotrienes-and-oral-corticosteroids-in-the-treatment-of-inflammatory-sinonasal-diseases
#7
Olavo de Godoy Mion, João Ferreira de Mello, Daniel Lorena Dutra, Nilvano Alves de Andrade, Washington Luiz de Cerqueira Almeida, Wilma Teresinha Anselmo-Lima, Leonardo Lopes Balsalobre Filho, Jair de Carvalho E Castro, Roberto Eustáquio Dos Santos Guimarães, Marcus Miranda Lessa, Sérgio Fabrício Maniglia, Roberto Campos Meireles, Márcio Nakanishi, Shirley Shizue Nagata Pignatari, Renato Roithmann, Fabrizio Ricci Romano, Rodrigo de Paula Santos, Marco César Jorge Dos Santos, Edwin Tamashiro
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory conditions of the nose and paranasal sinuses are very prevalent in the general population, resulting in marked loss of quality of life in affected patients, as well as significant work, leisure, and social activity losses. These patients require specific and specialized treatment. A wide range of oral medications are available. OBJECTIVE: The present document is aimed to clarify, for professionals treating patients with inflammatory sinonasal diseases, both specialists and general practitioners, specific oral therapies in noninfectious nasal inflammatory conditions...
January 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214618/deep-neck-flexor-endurance-in-the-adolescent-and-young-adult-normative-data-and-associated-attributes
#8
Nathan F Jarman, Toby Brooks, C Roger James, Troy Hooper, Mark Wilhelm, Jean-Michel Brismée, Manuel A Domenech, Stanley J Kotara, Phillip S Sizer
BACKGROUND: Deep neck flexor (DNF) muscles stabilize the neck and contribute to head acceleration control. The function of DNF in cervical spine dynamic stabilization has not been examined in athletes of any age group, including adolescents. This investigation was necessary prior to studying the DNF muscles' role in cervical spine injury patterns. OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine average Deep Neck Flexor Endurance Test (DNFET) time scores in high school and university-aged subjects (ages 14-22); and (2) To establish the relationship between gender and age for adolescent DNFET time scores...
February 15, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210652/prevention-of-hamstring-injuries-in-collegiate-sprinters
#9
Yusaku Sugiura, Kazuhiko Sakuma, Keishoku Sakuraba, Yamato Sato
BACKGROUND: No studies have been reported on how strength, agility, and flexibility training reduce the occurrence of hamstring injuries in sprinters. Therefore, a program for preventing hamstring injury in these athletes has not been established. PURPOSE: To document the incidence of hamstring injuries during times when different prevention strategies were employed to see whether a particular prevention program reduced their occurrence. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209570/head-accelerations-across-collegiate-high-school-and-youth-female-and-male-soccer-players
#10
Jaclyn B Caccese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207961/muscle-stiffness-of-posterior-lower-leg-in-runners-with-a-history-of-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome
#11
Junya Saeki, Masatoshi Nakamura, Sayaka Nakao, Kosuke Fujita, Ko Yanase, Noriaki Ichihashi
Previous history of medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a risk factor for MTSS relapse, which suggests that there might be some physical factors that are related to MTSS development in runners with a history of MTSS. The relationship between MTSS and muscle stiffness can be assessed in a cross-sectional study that measures muscle stiffness in subjects with a history of MTSS, who do not have pain at the time of measurement, and in those without a history of MTSS. The purpose of this study was to compare the shear elastic modulus, which is an index of muscle stiffness, of all posterior lower leg muscles of subjects with a history of MTSS and those with no history and investigate which muscles could be related to MTSS...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206847/vocation-belongingness-and-balance-a-qualitative-study-of-veterinary-student-well-being
#12
Jacqueline M Cardwell, Elisa G Lewis
An elevated risk for suicide among veterinarians has stimulated research into the mental health of the veterinary profession, and more recently attention has turned to the veterinary student population. This qualitative study sought to explore UK veterinary students' perceptions and experiences of university life, and to consider how these may affect well-being. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 students from a single UK school who were purposively selected to include perspectives from male, female, graduate-entry, standard-entry (straight from high school), and widening participation students across all 5 years of the program...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190632/effects-of-a-paraspinal-lumbar-tape-application-during-7-days-on-the-perceived-area-of-tape-contact
#13
Stefan Funk, Roy Finke, Stefan Zeh, Tobias Siebert, Christian Puta
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the changes of the perceived area of tape contact during a lumbar tape application that lasted 7 days. DESIGN: Single group, repeated measures study. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three healthy collegiate students in sports science. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Perceived area of tape contact was collected by preparing a drawing of their individual perceived tape outline into a printed body image...
November 2, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188127/the-association-of-physical-performance-tests-with-injury-in-collegiate-athletes
#14
Eric J Hegedus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182969/experience-level-influences-the-effect-of-attentional-focus-on-sprint-performance
#15
Nicklaas C Winkelman, Kenneth P Clark, Larry J Ryan
Two experiments evaluated the influence of attentional focus on 10-meter sprint time and start kinetics in a group of collegiate soccer players and highly experienced sprinters. In Experiment 1, the collegiate soccer players were asked to perform 10-meter sprints under an external focus condition, an internal focus condition and a control condition. For the 10-meter sprint time, the results showed that both the external focus and control conditions resulted in significantly faster sprint times than the internal focus condition...
February 6, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181857/subconcussive-impact-dependent-increase-in-plasma-s100%C3%AE-levels-in-collegiate-football-players
#16
Keisuke Kawata, Leah H Rubin, Masahiro Takahagi, Jong Lee, Thomas Sim, Victor Szwanki, Al Bellamy, Ryan Tierney, Dianne Langford
The current study investigates whether repetitive subconcussive impacts cause changes in plasma S100β levels, and further to test the associations between S100β changes and frequency/magnitude of impacts sustained. This prospective study of 22 Division-I collegiate football players included baseline and pre-season practices [1 helmet-only and 4 full-gear]. Blood samples were obtained and assessed for S100β levels at baseline and pre-post practices; symptom scores were assessed at each time point. An accelerometer-embedded mouthguard was employed to measure number of impacts (hits), peak linear acceleration (PLA), and peak rotational acceleration (PRA)...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179717/identification-and-development-of-items-comprising-organizational-citizenship-behaviors-among-pharmacy-faculty
#17
Shane P Desselle, Gretchen R Semsick
Objective. Identify behaviors that can compose a measure of organizational citizenship by pharmacy faculty. Methods. A four-round, modified Delphi procedure using open-ended questions (Round 1) was conducted with 13 panelists from pharmacy academia. The items generated were evaluated and refined for inclusion in subsequent rounds. A consensus was reached after completing four rounds. Results. The panel produced a set of 26 items indicative of extra-role behaviors by faculty colleagues considered to compose a measure of citizenship, which is an expressed manifestation of collegiality...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178579/comparison-of-head-impact-location-during-games-and-practices-in-division-iii-men-s-lacrosse-players
#18
Kathleen M O'Day, Elizabeth M Koehling, Lydia R Vollavanh, Debbie Bradney, James M May, Katherine M Breedlove, Evan L Breedlove, Price Blair, Eric A Nauman, Thomas G Bowman
BACKGROUND: Head impacts have been studied extensively in football, but little similar research has been conducted in men's lacrosse. It is important to understand the location and magnitude of head impacts during men's lacrosse to recognize the risk of head injury. METHODS: Descriptive epidemiology study set on collegiate lacrosse fields. Eleven men's lacrosse players (age=20.9±1.13years, mass=83.91±9.04kg, height=179.88±5.99cm) volunteered to participate. We applied X2 sensors behind the right ear of participants for games and practices...
January 27, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171736/epidemiological-patterns-of-initial-and-subsequent-injuries-in-collegiate-football-athletes
#19
Jacob Z Williams, Bhavna Singichetti, Hongmei Li, Henry Xiang, Kevin E Klingele, Jingzhen Yang
BACKGROUND: A body of epidemiological studies has examined football injuries and associated risk factors among collegiate athletes. However, few existing studies specifically analyzed injury risk in terms of initial or subsequent injuries. PURPOSE: To determine athlete-exposures (AEs) and rates of initial and subsequent injury among collegiate football athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. METHODS: Injury and exposure data collected from collegiate football players from two Division I universities (2007-2011) were analyzed...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169571/a-preliminary-exploration-of-the-application-of-self-compassion-within-the-context-of-sport-injury
#20
Zenzi Huysmans, Damien Clement
In a prospective study of collegiate athletes (N=117), the application of self-compassion within the context of sport injury was explored. Previous literature indicated that self-compassion enhances adaptive coping and well-being, and reduces anxiety in stress-provoking situations. This research suggested that it could potentially reduce the stress response and subsequent injury risk. Findings indicated that self-compassion may buffer the experience of somatic anxiety (rs=-.436,p<.01) and worry (rs=-.351,p<...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
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