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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441037/preseason-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-prospective-injury-risk-in-collegiate-athletes
#1
Hongmei Li, Jennifer J Moreland, Corinne Peek-Asa, Jingzhen Yang
BACKGROUND: Psychological risk factors are increasingly recognized as important in sport-related injury prevention. Understanding how these psychological factors may affect the risk of injuries could help design effective prevention programs. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of reported preseason anxiety and depressive symptoms on the risk of injuries during a prospective season in a cohort of collegiate athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439376/-back-to-bedside-residents-and-fellows-perspectives-on-finding-meaning-in-work
#2
Dustin M Hipp, Kristy L Rialon, Kathryn Nevel, Anai N Kothari, Lcdr Dinchen A Jardine
BACKGROUND: Physician burnout is common and associated with significant consequences for physicians and patients. One mechanism to combat burnout is to enhance meaning in work. OBJECTIVE: To provide a trainee perspective on how meaning in work can be enhanced in the clinical learning environment through individual, program, and institutional efforts. METHODS: "Back to Bedside" resulted from an appreciative inquiry exercise by 37 resident and fellow members of the ACGME's Council of Review Committee Residents (CRCR), which was guided by the memoir When Breath Becomes Air by Paul Kalanithi...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432552/subchronic-nandrolone-administration-reduces-cardiac-oxidative-markers-during-restraint-stress-by-modulating-protein-expression-patterns
#3
Barbara Pergolizzi, Vitina Carriero, Giuliana Abbadessa, Claudia Penna, Paola Berchialla, Silvia De Francia, Enrico Bracco, Silvia Racca
Nandrolone decanoate (ND), an anabolic-androgenic steroid prohibited in collegiate and professional sports, is associated with detrimental cardiovascular effects through redox-dependent mechanisms. We previously observed that high-dose short-term ND administration (15 mg/kg for 2 weeks) did not induce left heart ventricular hypertrophy and, paradoxically, improved postischemic response, whereas chronic ND treatment (5 mg/kg twice a week for 10 weeks) significantly reduced the cardioprotective effect of postconditioning, with an increase in infarct size and a decrease in cardiac performance...
April 21, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426513/evaluation-of-the-functional-movement-screen-and-a-novel-basketball-mobility-test-as-an-injury-prediction-tool-for-collegiate-basketball-players
#4
Colin W Bond, Jason C Dorman, Tryg O Odney, Scott J Roggenbuck, Steven W Young, Thayne A Munce
Identifying injury risk and implementing preventive measures can assist in reducing injury occurrence and may ultimately improve athletic performance. Improper movement patterns often contribute to musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries. The validity of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) as an injury prediction tool for athletes remains unclear. We designed the Basketball-Specific Mobility Test (BMT) to represent the neuromuscular demands of basketball and identify deficiencies that may be indicative of greater MSK injury risk while playing this sport...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426511/an-evaluation-of-time-trial-based-predictions-of-v-combining-dot-above-o2max-and-recommended-training-paces-for-collegiate-and-recreational-runners
#5
E M Scudamore, V W Barry, J M Coons
The purpose of the current study was to determine the accuracy of Jack Daniels' VDOT Running Calculator for the prediction of V[Combining Dot Above]O2max, and recommendations of interval and training paces (pIN & pTH) in samples of NCAA Division 1 track athletes (ATH, n = 11) and recreational runners (REC; n = 9). Predicted variable data were obtained using results from indoor 5km time-trials. Data from the VDOT calculator was compared to laboratory tested V[Combining Dot Above]O2max, pace at V[Combining Dot Above]O2max (V[Combining Dot Above]O2maxpace), and lactate threshold pace (LTpace)...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423285/the-epidemiology-of-high-ankle-sprains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports
#6
Timothy C Mauntel, Erik A Wikstrom, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries experienced by collegiate athletes. The type of ankle sprain is rarely differentiated in epidemiological studies. This differentiation is necessary, as each ankle sprain type has a unique injury mechanism and recovery period. High ankle sprains commonly result in long recovery periods. Thus, a further examination of the epidemiology of high ankle sprains is warranted. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of high ankle sprains in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416353/eating-disorders-and-weight-control-behaviors-change-over-a-collegiate-sport-season
#7
Alexandra Thompson, Trent Petrie, Carlin Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Determine whether the prevalence of eating disorder classifications (i.e., clinical eating disorder, subclinical eating disorder, and asymptomatic) and pathogenic weight control behaviors (e.g., bingeing, vomiting) change over a five-month sport season. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. METHODS: Female collegiate gymnasts and swimmers (N=325) completed the Questionnaire for Eating Disorder Diagnoses as well as six items from the Bulimia Test-Revised at Time 1 (two weeks into the beginning of their athletic season) and Time 2 (final two weeks of the athletic season); data collections were separated by five months...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414917/epidemiology-of-knee-sprains-in-youth-high-school-and-collegiate-american-football-players
#8
Daniel R Clifton, James A Onate, Eric Schussler, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Variations in knee-sprain incidence among competition levels are unclear but may help inform prevention strategies in American football players. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of knee sprains in youth, high school, and collegiate football players. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Injury and athlete-exposure (AE) data were collected from 3 injury-surveillance programs at the youth, high school, and collegiate competition levels...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413452/ankle-and-toe-muscle-strength-characteristics-in-runners-with-a-history-of-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome
#9
Junya Saeki, Masatoshi Nakamura, Sayaka Nakao, Kosuke Fujita, Ko Yanase, Katsuyuki Morishita, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: A high proportion of flexor digitorum longus attachment is found at the posteromedial border of the tibia, which is the most common location of medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). Therefore, plantar flexion strength of the lesser toes could be related to MTSS; however, the relationship between MTSS and muscle strength of the hallux and lesser toes is not yet evaluated due to the lack of quantitative methods. This study investigated the muscle strength characteristics in runners with a history of MTSS by using a newly developed device to measure the muscle strength of the hallux, lesser toes, and ankle...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409512/immediate-effects-of-different-types-of-stretching-exercises-on-badminton-jump-smash
#10
Hwi S Jang, Daeho Kim, Jihong Park
BACKGOUND: Since different types of stretching exercises may alter athletic performance, we compared the effects of three types of stretching exercises on badminton jump smash. METHODS: Sixteen male collegiate badminton players performed one of three different stretching exercises in a counterbalanced order on different days. Static stretching had seven typical stretches, while dynamic stretching involved nine dynamic movements, and resistance dynamic stretching was performed with weighted vests and dumbbells...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408860/is-imperfection-becoming-easier-to-live-with-for-doctors
#11
Reidun Førde, Olaf G Aasland
OBJECTIVE: Being involved in serious patient injury is devastating for most doctors. During the last two decades, several efforts have been launched to improve Norwegian doctors' coping with adverse events and complaints. METHODS: The method involved survey to a representative sample of 1792 Norwegian doctors in 2012. The questions on adverse events and its effects were previously asked in 2000. RESULTS: Response rate was 71%. More doctors reported to have been involved in episodes with serious patient harm in 2012 (35%) than in 2000 (28%), and more of the episodes were reported as required by law...
March 2017: Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394834/changes-in-creatine-kinase-and-hormones-over-the-course-of-an-american-football-season
#12
J D Stone, A Kreutzer, J D Mata, M G Nystrom, A R Jagim, M T Jones, J M Oliver
The purpose of this study was to examine changes in creatine kinase and hormones over the course of an entire season of American football. A secondary purpose was to determine differences between starters and non-starters. Fasting blood samples were obtained from nineteen National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I (n = 19; 20 ± 1 years) football athletes over the course of a season beginning prior to the start of summer off-season conditioning (T1), before (T2) and after pre-season (T3) football camp, with remaining samples taken throughout the competitive season (T4-T8)...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393012/the-effect-of-repetitive-subconcussive-collisions-on-brain-integrity-in-collegiate-football-players-over-a-single-football-season-a-multi-modal-neuroimaging-study
#13
Semyon M Slobounov, Alexa Walter, Hans C Breiter, David C Zhu, Xiaoxiao Bai, Tim Bream, Peter Seidenberg, Xianglun Mao, Brian Johnson, Thomas M Talavage
The cumulative effect of repetitive subconcussive collisions on the structural and functional integrity of the brain remains largely unknown. Athletes in collision sports, like football, experience a large number of impacts across a single season of play. The majority of these impacts, however, are generally overlooked, and their long-term consequences remain poorly understood. This study sought to examine the effects of repetitive collisions across a single competitive season in NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision athletes using advanced neuroimaging approaches...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389864/does-the-fifa-11-%C3%A2-injury-prevention-program-reduce-the-incidence-of-acl-injury-in-male-soccer-players
#14
Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Mario Bizzini, Amelia Arundale, Bert R Mandelbaum, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: The FIFA 11+ injury prevention program has been shown to decrease the risk of soccer injuries in men and women. The program has also been shown to decrease time loss resulting from injury. However, previous studies have not specifically investigated how the program might impact the rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in male soccer players. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to examine if the FIFA 11+ injury prevention program can (1) reduce the overall number of ACL injuries in men who play competitive college soccer and whether any potential reduction in rate of ACL injuries differed based on (2) game versus practice setting; (3) player position; (4) level of play (Division I or II); or (5) field type...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387552/predicting-recovery-patterns-after-sport-related-concussion
#15
Elizabeth F Teel, Stephen W Marshall, Viswanathan Shankar, Michael McCrea, Kevin M Guskiewicz
CONTEXT: Clinicians sometimes treat concussed individuals who have amnesia, loss of consciousness (LOC), a concussion history, or certain symptom types more conservatively, but it is unclear whether recovery patterns differ in individuals with these characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether (1) amnesia, LOC, and concussion history influence the acute recovery of symptoms, cognition, and balance; and (2) cognition and balance are influenced by acute symptom type...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387551/evaluation-of-nintendo-wii-balance-board-as-a-tool-for-measuring-postural-stability-after-sport-related-concussion
#16
Kian Merchant-Borna, Courtney Marie Cora Jones, Mattia Janigro, Erin B Wasserman, Ross A Clark, Jeffrey J Bazarian
CONTEXT: Recent changes to postconcussion guidelines indicate that postural-stability assessment may augment traditional neurocognitive testing when making return-to-participation decisions. The Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) has been proposed as 1 measure of balance assessment. A new, freely available software program to accompany the Nintendo Wii Balance Board (WBB) system has recently been developed but has not been tested in concussed patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of using the WBB to assess postural stability across 3 time points (baseline and postconcussion days 3 and 7) and to assess concurrent and convergent validity of the WBB with other traditional measures (BESS and Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test [ImPACT] battery) of assessing concussion recovery...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387536/case-study-hydration-intervention-improves-pre-game-hydration-status-in-female-collegiate-soccer-players
#17
Neele R Hoerner, Kirsten Domnik, Karsten Koehler, Wilhelm Schaenzer, Hans Braun
Little is known about whether athletes follow hydration guidelines. The objective of the present study was to assess fluid status in female soccer players in a hot and humid environment, and to assess the effect of an intervention aimed at preventing players from exercising in a dehydrated state. We hypothesized that following the intervention, players would exhibit improved hydration status, as indicated by greater voluntary fluid intake and improved hydration markers. Ten female collegiate soccer players (20±1yrs...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385562/shoe-cushioning-reduces-impact-and-muscle-activation-during-landings-from-unexpected-but-not-self-initiated-drops
#18
Weijie Fu, Ying Fang, Yaodong Gu, Lingyan Huang, Li Li, Yu Liu
OBJECTIVES: To date, few rigorous scientific studies have been conducted to understand the impact mechanics and muscle activation characteristics of different landing tasks and the influence of shoe properties. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of shoe cushioning on impact biomechanics and muscular responses during drop landings. DESIGN: A single-blinded and randomized design. METHODS: Twelve male collegiate basketball players performed bipedal landings from self-initiated and unexpected drops (SIDL and UDL) from a 60-cm height wearing highly-cushioned basketball shoes (Bball) and less cushioned control shoes (CC)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383282/epidemiology-of-quadriceps-strains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-athletes-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#19
Timothy G Eckard, Zachary Y Kerr, Darin A Padua, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT:   Few researchers have examined the rates and patterns of quadriceps strains in student-athletes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of quadriceps strains in 25 NCAA sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Convenience sample of NCAA programs from 25 sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372537/a-biomechanical-comparison-of-successful-and-unsuccessful-power-clean-attempts
#20
Kristof Kipp, Carolyn Meinerz
Although the power clean is an almost ubiquitous exercise in the strength and conditioning setting, relatively little is known about the biomechanics of successful and unsuccessful power clean lift attempts. The purpose of this study was to determine biomechanical differences between successful and unsuccessful power clean lift attempts in male collegiate athletes. Fifteen male lacrosse players (Age: 20.1 ± 1.2; Height: 1.78 ± 0.07 m; Body mass: 80.4 ± 8.1 kg; Relative one-repetition maximum power clean: 1...
June 2017: Sports Biomechanics
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