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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530512/deaflympians-satisfaction-with-athletic-training-services-at-the-2013-deaflympic-summer-games
#1
Matthew Paul Brancaleone, René Revis Shingles, Nailya DeLellis
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers have the opportunity to treat unique populations. Determining athletes' satisfaction with the athletic training services supplied can offer insights into how to improve the health care provided to athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To explore Deaflympians' satisfaction with athletic training services at the 2013 Deaflympic Summer Games. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional survey. SETTING:   The 2013 Deaflympic Summer Games in Sofia, Bulgaria...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529463/nutrition-practices-and-knowledge-among-ncaa-division-iii-football-players
#2
Elizabeth Lea Abbey, Cynthia Joy Wright, Christina M Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: Participation in collegiate American football is physically demanding and may have long-term health implications, particularly in relation to cardiovascular and neurological health. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division III (DIII) football players are a relatively unstudied population, particularly in terms of their dietary habits and knowledge. The aim of the present study was to descriptively evaluate the dietary intake of DIII football players including a subset of linemen and assess the nutritional knowledge and sources of information of these athletes...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523437/using-participatory-action-research-to-develop-a-working-model-that-enhances-psychiatric-nurses-professionalism-the-architecture-of-stability
#3
Martin Salzmann-Erikson
Ward rules in psychiatric care aim to promote safety for both patients and staff. Simultaneously, ward rules are associated with increased patient violence, leading to neither a safe work environment nor a safe caring environment. Although ward rules are routinely used, few studies have explicitly accounted for their impact. To describe the process of a team development project considering ward rule issues, and to develop a working model to empower staff in their daily in-patient psychiatric nursing practices...
May 18, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516831/an-exploration-of-the-mediators-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-intimate-partner-violence
#4
Elizabeth J Smyth, Frank L Gardner, Donald R Marks, Zella E Moore
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with numerous long-term consequences and warrants significant clinical attention. Recent theoretical models and empirical research have suggested that several factors play a role in the development of IPV perpetration, including childhood maltreatment, early maladaptive schemas, anger, and difficulties in emotion regulation. This study investigated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and IPV, specifically examining the mediation of this relationship by several variables thought to be related to this pernicious problem, including early maladaptive schemas, the experience of anger, and emotion regulation difficulties...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515972/determination-of-clinically-relevant-differences-in-frontal-plane-hop-tests-in-women-s-collegiate-basketball-and-soccer-players
#5
Kelly Hardesty, Eric J Hegedus, Kevin R Ford, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Jeffrey B Taylor
BACKGROUND: ACL injury prevention programs are less successful in female basketball players than in soccer players. Previous authors have identified anthropometric and biomechanical differences between the athletes and different sport-specific demands, including a higher frequency of frontal plane activities in basketball. Current injury risk screening and preventive training practices do not place a strong emphasis on frontal plane activities. The medial and lateral triple hop for distance tests may be beneficial for use in the basketball population...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515835/the-effect-of-acute-hyperglycemia-on-muscular-strength-power-and-endurance
#6
Franklin Lime-Ma, Joshua A Cotter, Evan E Schick
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the impact of acute hyperglycemia on skeletal muscle strength, power, and endurance. Ten male collegiate athletes (age 21.5 ± 1.5 years, height 186 ± 2.03 cm, body mass 108.8 ± 7.6 kg) participated in 2 testing sessions, separated by 7 days and randomized for either high glucose (HG) or control (C) treatment conditions. HG consumed a high glucose drink (2 g glucose/kg body weight) while controls consumed an isocaloric nutrition bar (40% protein, 30% fat, and 30% carbohydrate)...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515832/a-low-dose-caffeine-and-carbohydrate-supplement-does-not-improve-athletic-performance-during-volleyball-competition
#7
David R Pfeifer, Kelsey M Arvin, Courtney N Herschberger, Nicholas J Haynes, Matthew S Renfrow
Dietary supplements are widely used to enhance sport performance and the combination of carbohydrate and caffeine (CHO+CAF) has yielded particularly high performance gains. Though the effects of a CHO+CAF supplement have been studied in a laboratory environment, little research exists on the effects of supplementation during competition. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a CHO+CAF supplement on athletic performance in competition. Eight female collegiate volleyball players completed three testing sessions under three different conditions separated by approximately one week each: CHO+CAF supplement, placebo (PBO), and control (CTL) using a randomized, cross-over design...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509764/environmental-and-physiological-factors-affect-football-head-impact-biomechanics
#8
Jason P Mihalik, Adam Z Sumrall, Susan W Yeargin, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Kevin B King, Scott C Trulock, Edgar W Shields
PURPOSE: Recent anecdotal trends suggest a disproportionate number of head injuries in collegiate football players occur during preseason football camp. In warmer climates, this season also represents the highest risk for heat-related illness among collegiate football players. Since concussion and heat illnesses share many common symptoms, we need 1) to understand if environmental conditions, body temperature, and hydration status affect head impact biomechanics; and 2) to determine if an in-helmet thermistor could provide a valid measure of gastrointestinal temperature...
May 15, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506616/outcomes-of-hip-arthroscopy-in-competitive-athletes
#9
Itay Perets, David E Hartigan, Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, Lyall Ashberg, Victor Ortiz-Declet, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: To evaluate the minimum 2-year postoperative clinical outcomes and the rate of return to sports in athletes who underwent capsular plication for the treatment of ligamentous laxity and/or borderline dysplasia during hip arthroscopy for the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement and labral pathology. METHODS: Since 2008, data were prospectively collected on patients who underwent hip arthroscopy for the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement and/or labral tears...
May 12, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504073/exploring-the-relationship-between-mentoring-and-doctors-health-and-wellbeing-a-narrative-review
#10
Gemma Wilson, Valerie Larkin, Nancy Redfern, Jane Stewart, Alison Steven
The health and wellbeing of doctors are crucial, both for the individuals themselves and their ability to deliver optimum patient care. With increased pressures on healthcare, support mechanisms that attend to doctors' health and wellbeing may require greater emphasis to safeguard those working in frontline services. To inform future developments, this systematic narrative review aimed to identify, explore and map empirical and anecdotal evidence indicating the relationships between mentoring activities and the health and wellbeing of doctors...
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502817/concussion
#11
REVIEW
William J Mullally
Concussion has been recognized as a clinical entity for more than 1000 years. Throughout the 20(th) century it was studied extensively in boxers(1,2,3) but did not pique the interest of the general population as it is the accepted goal of the boxer to inflict such an injury on their opponent. In 2002, however, the possibility that repetitive concussions could result in chronic brain damage and a progressive neurologic disorder was raised by a postmortem evaluation of a retired player in the most popular sports institution in the United States, the National Football League(4,5)...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498737/improved-postpartum-care-after-a-participatory-facilitation-intervention-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-a-mixed-method-evaluation
#12
Eunice Pallangyo, Columba Mbekenga, Pia Olsson, Christine Rubertsson, Carina Källestål
BACKGROUND: In order to improve the health and survival of mothers/newborns, the quality and attendance rates of postpartum care (PPC) must be increased, particularly in low-resource settings. OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes of a collegial facilitation intervention to improve PPC in government-owned health institutions in a low-resource suburb in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. METHODS: A before-and-after evaluation of an intervention and comparison group was conducted using mixed methods (focus group discussions, questionnaires, observations, interviews, and field-notes) at health institutions...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491886/the-effect-of-the-number-of-carries-among-college-running-backs-on-future-injury-risk-and-performance-in-the-national-football-league
#13
Matthew J Kraeutler, John W Belk, Eric C McCarty
BACKGROUND: There has been speculation that running backs with an excessive number of carries in college are less likely to be successful in the National Football League (NFL). PURPOSE: To determine whether there is a correlation between number of carries by college running backs and future performance and injury risk in the NFL. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Using the ESPN archives of National Collegiate Athletic Association and NFL running backs, the following inclusion criteria were used: running backs who played their last college season from 1999 through 2012 and who were drafted in the first 4 rounds of the NFL draft following their college career...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491885/effects-of-sex-and-event-type-on-head-impact-in-collegiate-soccer
#14
Bryson B Reynolds, James Patrie, Erich J Henry, Howard P Goodkin, Donna K Broshek, Max Wintermark, T Jason Druzgal
BACKGROUND: The effects of head impact in sports are of growing interest for clinicians, scientists, and athletes. Soccer is the most popular sport worldwide, but the burden of head impact in collegiate soccer is still unknown. PURPOSE: To quantify head impact associated with practicing and playing collegiate soccer using wearable accelerometers. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. METHODS: Mastoid patch accelerometers were used to quantify head impact in soccer, examining differences in head impact as a function of sex and event type (practice vs game)...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488913/relationship-between-pre-training-subjective-wellness-measures-player-load-and-rating-of-perceived-exertion-training-load-in-american-college-football
#15
Andrew D Govus, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Andrew Murray, Hugh Fullagar
PURPOSE: The relationship between pre-training subjective wellness, external and internal training load in American College football is unclear. This study examined the relationship between pre-training subjective wellness (sleep quality, muscle soreness, energy, wellness Z score) on 1) player load and 2) session rating of perceived exertion (s-RPE-TL) in American College footballers. METHODS: Subjective wellness (measured using 5-point, Likert scale questionnaires); external load (derived from global position systems [GPS] and accelerometry) and s-RPE-TL were collected during three typical training sessions per week for the second half of an American collegiate football season (eight weeks)...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486336/seasonal-variations-of-bone-metabolism-and-bone-mineral-density-in-collegiate-alpine-skiers
#16
Teruyuki Sato, Keishoku Sakuraba, Yosuke Tsuchiya, Shinya Maruyama, Eisuke Ochi
This study investigated the seasonal variations in bone metabolism, mineral density, and physical characteristics in collegiate alpine skiers. Twelve male subjects (20.6 ± 1.5 years) were evaluated for body composition, body mineral density (BMD), serum levels of osteocalcin (OC), bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b), parathormone, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). We also measured the knee extensor and flexor strength, maximal power, and vertical jump. Measurements were conducted in the pre-season period (T1), competitive period (T2), end-of-season period (T3), and resting period (T4)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480575/comprehensive-headache-experience-in-collegiate-student-athletes-an-initial-report-from-the-ncaa-headache-task-force
#17
Tad Seifert, Alicia Sufrinko, Robert Cowan, W Scott Black, Dave Watson, Bill Edwards, Scott Livingston, Keith Webster, David Akers, Mathew Lively, Anthony P Kontos
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of primary headache disorders in the general population provides a unique challenge in the evaluation of headache occurring in the context of sport. Despite a wealth of studies exploring the epidemiology of headache in the layperson, little is known about the prevalence and nature of headaches in collegiate student-athletes. These scenarios are challenging in the return to play context, as it is often unclear whether an athlete has an exacerbation of a primary headache disorder, new onset headache unrelated to trauma, or has suffered a concussive injury...
May 7, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475420/the-impact-of-previous-athletic-experience-on-current-physical-fitness-in-former-collegiate-athletes-and-noncollegiate-athletes
#18
Janet E Simon, Carrie L Docherty
BACKGROUND: Physical activity performed at moderate intensity is associated with reduced risk of mortality, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and some types of cancers. However, vigorous physical activity during participation in college athletics may increase the risk of injury, which might limit future physical activity levels. PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in current physical fitness levels between former Division I athletes and noncollegiate athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
May 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473995/concussion-management-plan-compliance-a-study-of-ncaa-power-5-conference-schools
#19
Thomas A Buckley, Christine M Baugh, William P Meehan, Melissa S DiFabio
BACKGROUND: In response to concerns over concussions and repeated head impacts that occur during sports, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) mandated that all member institutions enact a concussion management plan (CMP). Although institutional and health care provider self-reports have been investigated, compliance with NCAA protocol recommendations has not been examined. PURPOSE: To examine the CMPs from the 65 institutions within the NCAA Power 5 conferences for compliance with the NCAA 2015 concussion guidelines...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470114/collegiate-women-s-definitions-of-responsible-sexual-behavior
#20
Nicole Loew, Melissa Lehan Mackin, Lioness Ayres
Promoting responsible sexual behavior (RSB) is a public health strategy to decrease unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Current definitions of RSB in the literature have been developed by providers and policy makers; little is known about adult women's perspectives. Interventions inconsistent with women's definitions of RSB may be less effective; therefore, the purpose of this study was to understand how a sample of college women defined RSB. Data was collected from interviews as part of a mixed methods study of college women and unintended pregnancy...
May 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
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