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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643814/impact-of-short-term-training-camp-on-aortic-blood-pressure-in-collegiate-endurance-runners
#1
Tsubasa Tomoto, Jun Sugawara, Ai Hirasawa, Tomoko Imai, Seiji Maeda, Shigehiko Ogoh
To investigate the influence of short-term vigorous endurance training on aortic blood pressure (BP), pulse wave analysis was performed in 36 highly trained elite collegiate endurance runners before and after a 7-day intense training camp. Subjects participated three training sessions per day, which mainly consisted of long distance running and sprint training to reach the daily target distance of 26 km. After the camp, they were divided into two groups based on whether the target training was achieved. Aortic systolic BP, pulse pressure, and tension-time index (TTI, a surrogate index of the myocardial oxygen demand) were significantly elevated after the camp in the accomplished group but not in the unaccomplished group, whereas the brachial BP remained unchanged in both groups...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629969/collegiate-esport-where-do-we-fit-in
#2
Joanne DiFrancisco-Donoghue, Jerry R Balentine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629563/changes-in-collegiate-ice-hockey-player-anthropometrics-and-aerobic-fitness-over-three-decades
#3
Ashley N Triplett, Amy C Ebbing, Matthew R Green, Christopher P Connolly, David P Carrier, James M Pivarnik
Over the past several decades, an increased emphasis on fitness training has emerged among collegiate ice hockey teams, with the objective to improve on-ice performance. However, it is unknown if this increase in training has translated over time to changes in anthropometric and fitness profiles of collegiate ice hockey players. The purposes of this study were to describe anthropometric (height, weight, BMI, %fat) and aerobic fitness (VO<sub>2peak</sub>) characteristics of collegiate ice hockey players over 36 years, and to evaluate whether these characteristics differ between player positions...
April 9, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629182/psychosocial-stress-factors-including-the-relationship-with-the-coach-and-their-influence-on-acute-and-overuse-injury-risk-in-elite-female-football-players
#4
Anne Marte Pensgaard, Andreas Ivarsson, Agnethe Nilstad, Bård Erlend Solstad, Kathrin Steffen
Background: The relationship between specific types of stressors (eg, teammates, coach) and acute versus overuse injuries is not well understood. Objective: To examine the roles of different types of stressors as well as the effect of motivational climate on the occurrence of acute and overuse injuries. Methods: Players in the Norwegian elite female football league (n=193 players from 12 teams) participated in baseline screening tests prior to the 2009 competitive football season...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625433/a-preliminary-examination-of-concussion-knowledge-by-collegiate-athletes-and-non-athletes
#5
Kelly Knollman-Porter, Jessica Brown, Madelaine Flynn
Purpose: Concussions affect various populations, including collegiate athletes and non-athletes. The purpose of this study was to compare collegiate varsity athletes, recreational athletes, and non-athletes' knowledge of concussion definition, symptoms, and support services available following injury. Preferred method of concussion education delivery was also examined. Method: We surveyed 306 current college students using an online survey system. The survey included free recall and forced-choice question formats...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623281/effect-of-head-impact-exposures-on-changes-in-cognitive-testing
#6
Eleni Diakogeorgiou, Theresa L Miyashita
Background: Gaining a better understanding of head impact exposures may lead to better comprehension of the possible effects of repeated impact exposures not associated with clinical concussion. Purpose: To assess the correlation between head impacts and any differences associated with cognitive testing measurements pre- and postseason. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 34 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I men's lacrosse players wore lacrosse helmets instrumented with an accelerometer during the 2014 competitive season and were tested pre- and postseason with the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT 3) and Concussion Vital Signs (CVS) computer-based neurocognitive tests...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622261/editorial-commentary-is-vitamin-d-the-new-wheaties-preventing-muscle-fatigue-could-keep-athletes-in-the-game
#7
EDITORIAL
Shane J Nho, William H Neal
Vitamin D deficiency is an oft overlooked and underevaluated condition that is widespread in patient-athletes, including the elite and professional. Although the symptomatology of this deficiency is well known in the general population (osteoporosis and increased risk of fracture), the symptom of muscle fatigue is not. It is only recently that the association between vitamin D deficiency and muscle fatigue in professional athletes has been placed in the spotlight. However, vitamin D deficiency should be of increasing concern for orthopaedists in regard to all athletes...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620911/association-between-history-of-multiple-concussions-and-health-outcomes-among-former-college-football-players-15-year-follow-up-from-the-ncaa-concussion-study-1999-2001
#8
Zachary Y Kerr, Leah C Thomas, Janet E Simon, Michael McCrea, Kevin M Guskiewicz
BACKGROUND: Previous research has examined associations between concussion history and adverse health outcomes among former professional football players. Less is known about the potential effects of concussion among former college football players without additional exposure at the professional level. PURPOSE: To examine the association between concussion and adverse health outcomes in a cohort of former college football players without exposure to professional football, 15 years after their playing careers ended...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618228/shoulder-and-elbow-injuries-in-soccer-goalkeepers-versus-field-players-in-the-national-collegiate-athletic-association-2009-2010-through-2013-2014
#9
Avi D Goodman, Christine Etzel, Jeremy E Raducha, Brett D Owens
OBJECTIVES: Examination of the incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries in the collegiate soccer player population is limited, as is comparison between goalkeepers and field players. We hypothesized that goalkeepers would have a higher incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries than field players. Furthermore, we sought to determine the incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries among National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) soccer players, and to determine injury risk factors. METHODS: The NCAA Injury Surveillance Program database was analyzed for injuries to NCAA men's and women's soccer players during the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years...
April 4, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614918/does-variability-within-natural-turfgrass-sports-fields-influence-ground-derived-injuries
#10
Chase M Straw, Christine O Samson, Gerald M Henry, Cathleen N Brown
Natural turfgrass sports fields exhibit within-field variations due to climatic conditions, field construction, field management, and foot traffic patterns from field usage. Variations within a field could influence the playing surface predictability and require athletes to make abrupt or frequent adjustments that lead to increased ground-derived injury occurrence. This study introduces a new methodology aimed at evaluating the potential relationship between within-field variations of turfgrass sports field properties and ground-derived athlete injuries...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605797/self-reported-sleep-duration-affects-tandem-gait-but-not-steady-state-gait-outcomes-among-healthy-collegiate-athletes
#11
David R Howell, Brant Berkstresser, Francis Wang, Thomas A Buckley, Rebekah Mannix, Alexandra Stillman, William P Meehan
BACKGROUND: Sleep deficits are associated with motor and cognitive function deficits, even in the absence of a recent concussion. RESEARCH QUESTION: Does the amount of self-reported sleep prior to pre-season concussion testing affect single-task and dual-task instrumented steady-state gait and timed tandem gait test performance? METHODS: One hundred and fourteen healthy collegiate athletes (mean age 18.8 ± 0.7 years; 60% female) reported the amount of sleep they received during the prior night and completed a timed tandem gait test and an instrumented assessment of steady-state gait in both single-task and dual-task conditions...
March 26, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599874/validation-and-reliability-of-the-korean-version-of-the-sport-anxiety-scale-2
#12
Seongkwan Cho, Hunhyuk Choi, Robert C Eklund, Insu Paek
The main purpose of the present study was to examine the validation and reliability of the Korean version of the Sport Anxiety Scale (SAS-2Kr) by evaluating its factorial invariance across gender. A total of 303 Korean collegiate athletes (198 males and 105 females) from 9 sports participated in the study, and they completed the demographic questionnaire and the SAS-2Kr containing 15 items to measure multidimensional trait anxiety and individual differences in the cognitive and somatic anxiety experienced by athletes...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584536/examining-practice-and-learning-effects-with-serial-administration-of-the-clinical-reaction-time-test-in-healthy-young-athletes
#13
Cindy N Nguyen, Reuben N Clements, Lucas A Porter, Nicole E Clements, Matthew D Gray, Russell T Baker
CONTEXT: The Clinical Reaction Time (RTclin ) test has been recommended as a valid test for assessing concussion and determining recovery of reaction time function following concussion. However, it is unknown whether repeat assessment, as is used in post-concussion testing, is affected by learning or practice phenomena. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a practice or learning effect is present with serial administration of the RTclin test. DESIGN: Randomized control trial...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581986/negative-mood-states-correlate-with-laterobasal-amygdala-in-collegiate-football-players
#14
Han Byul Cho, Charles Elliott Bueler, Jennifer DiMuzio, Charlie Hicks-Little, Erin McGlade, In Kyoon Lyoo, Deborah Yurgelun-Todd
A number of studies have suggested that sports-related concussion (SRC) may place individuals at increased risk for depression and negative outcomes including suicide. However, the mechanisms underlying a potential relationship between brain integrity and mood remain unclear. The current study is aimed at examining the association between amygdala shape, mood state, and postconcussion symptoms in collegiate football players. Thirty members of 1 football team completed the Profile of Mood States (POMS), the postconcussion symptom scale (PCSS), and an MRI protocol during preseason camp...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581142/femoroacetabular-impingement-surgery-allows-74-of-athletes-to-return-to-the-same-competitive-level-of-sports-participation-but-their-level-of-performance-remains-unreported-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Michael P Reiman, Scott Peters, Jonathan Sylvain, Seth Hagymasi, Richard C Mather, Adam P Goode
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome is one source of hip pain that can limit sport participation among athletes. OBJECTIVE: To summarise the return to sport (RTS) rate for athletes after surgery for FAI syndrome. METHODS: A computer-assisted search of MEDLINE, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and EMBASE databases was performed using keywords related to RTS and RTS at preinjury level (RTSPRE ) of competition for FAI syndrome...
March 26, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578381/stride-length-the-impact-on-propulsion-and-bracing-ground-reaction-force-in-overhand-throwing
#16
Dan K Ramsey, Ryan L Crotin
Propulsion and bracing ground reaction force (GRF) in overhand throwing are integral in propagating joint reaction kinetics and ball velocity, yet how stride length effects drive (hind) and stride (lead) leg GRF profiles remain unknown. Using a randomised crossover design, 19 pitchers (15 collegiate and 4 high school) were assigned to throw 2 simulated 80-pitch games at ±25% of their desired stride length. An integrated motion capture system with two force plates and radar gun tracked each throw. Vertical and anterior-posterior GRF was normalised then impulse was derived...
March 26, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571863/the-new-mobile-universal-lexicon-evaluation-system-mules-a-test-of-rapid-picture-naming-for-concussion-sized-for-the-sidelines
#17
Omar Akhand, Matthew S Galetta, Lucy Cobbs, Lisena Hasanaj, Nikki Webb, Julia Drattell, Prin Amorapanth, John-Ross Rizzo, Rachel Nolan, Liliana Serrano, Janet C Rucker, Dennis Cardone, Barry D Jordan, Arlene Silverio, Steven L Galetta, Laura J Balcer
OBJECTIVE: Measures of rapid automatized naming (RAN) have been used for over 50 years to capture vision-based aspects of cognition. The Mobile Universal Lexicon Evaluation System (MULES) is a test of rapid picture naming under investigation for detection of concussion and other neurological disorders. MULES was designed as a series of 54 grouped color photographs (fruits, random objects, animals) that integrates saccades, color perception and contextual object identification. Recent changes to the MULES test have been made to improve ease of use on the athletic sidelines...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570599/increased-leg-bone-mineral-density-and-content-during-the-initial-years-of-college-sport
#18
John J Scerpella, Bjoern Buehring, Scott J Hetzel, Bryan C Heiderscheit
Scerpella, JJ, Buehring, B, Hetzel, SJ, and Heiderscheit, BC. Increased leg bone mineral density and content during the initial years of college sport. J Strength Cond Res 32(4): 1123-1130, 2018-Bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) data are useful parameters for evaluating how training practices promote bone health. We used dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to longitudinally assess sport-specific growth in leg and total body BMD/BMC over the initial 2 years of collegiate training. Eighty-five Division 1 collegiate basketball, hockey, and soccer athletes (50 males and 35 females; age 19...
April 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570578/evaluation-of-seasonal-changes-in-fitness-anthropometrics-and-body-composition-in-collegiate-division-ii-female-soccer-players
#19
Ashley N Peart, Clayton R Nicks, Michael Mangum, Brian M Tyo
The purpose of this study was to investigate anthropometrics, body composition, aerobic and anaerobic fitness of collegiate Division II female soccer players throughout a calendar year. Eighteen (20 ± 0.9y) NCAA division II female soccer players from the same team participated in the study. Anthropometrics and body composition variables were assessed in addition to the Counter Movement Jump (CMJ), Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAT), and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak). Data were collected over five time points: end of competitive seasons (ECS1 and ECS2), beginning of off-season (BOS), end of off-season (EOS), and pre-season (PS)...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570577/lower-extremity-horizontal-single-leg-hop-distance-but-not-vertical-power-predicts-lower-extremity-injury-in-female-collegiate-dancers
#20
Jatin P Ambegaonkar, Catherine Schock, Shane V Caswell, Nelson Cortes, Jena Hansen-Honeycutt, Matthew A Wyon
Dancers often perform powerful and explosive movements that require adequate lower extremity(LE) activity in horizontal and vertical directions. We examined if these measures were interrelated and whether they predicted LE injury status in dancers using binary logistic regressions and Receiver Operator Characteristic(ROC) curve analyses. Forty-three collegiate female dancers(18+0.7yrs; 162.6+5.9cm; 59.4+7.1kg) performed Single Leg Hop(SLH,m), and Vertical Jump(VJ,cm) tests. SLH and VJ distances were used to calculate SLH_norm (as a % of body height) and Vertical Power(vPower,watts)...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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