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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240544/expected-time-to-return-to-athletic-participation-after-stress-fracture-in-division-i-collegiate-athletes
#1
Timothy L Miller, Marissa Jamieson, Sonsecharae Everson, Courtney Siegel
BACKGROUND: Few studies have documented expected time to return to athletic participation after stress fractures in elite athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Time to return to athletic participation after stress fractures would vary by site and severity of stress fracture. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: All stress fractures diagnosed in a single Division I collegiate men's and women's track and field/cross-country team were recorded over a 3-year period...
December 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240056/-hybrid-intervention-for-a-multilevel-aneurysmatic-lesion-of-the-aorta-in-a-patient-with-multifocal-atherosclerosis
#2
K V Kochkina, A V Sidorenko, A V Myznikov, G A Usik, A A Shtark, T A Kochkina, A V Pustovoĭtov, A V Protopopov
A multilevel aneurysmatic lesion of the aorta is a rare pathology. The authors describe herein a clinical case report regarding stage-wise treatment of a patient presenting with aneurysms of the thoracic and abdominal portions of the aorta and a haemodynamically significant lesion of coronary and carotid arteries. Strategy of surgical management was decided upon collegially. Successful endoprosthetic repair of the aneurysm of the thoracic portion of the aorta required closure of the left carotid artery with a graft, which, taking into consideration an existing occlusion of the right internal carotid artery, demanded preliminary carotid-subclavian bypass grafting...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239997/predisposing-risk-factors-and-stress-fractures-in-division-i-cross-country-runners
#3
Kaci L Giffin, Kathy B Knight, Martha A Bass, Melinda W Valliant
The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with increased stress fractures in collegiate cross country runners. Participants in this study were 42 male and female cross country runners at a Division I university. Each athlete completed a questionnaire regarding smoking status, vitamin/mineral intake, previous stress fracture history, birth control usage, menstrual status, and demographic information. Nutritional assessment via a 3-day food record and measurements of whole body, lumbar spine, and hip bone mineral densities (BMD) were also conducted on each athlete...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239984/profiling-inflammatory-markers-during-the-competitive-season-and-post-season-in-collegiate-wrestlers
#4
Joe Roth, Taylor Szczygiel, Mary Moore, Paul O'Connor, Jeffrey Edwards, Naveen Sharma, Ryan Pettit-Mee, Micah Zuhl
The purpose of this study was to determine if biological markers of muscle damage and inflammation coincide with subjective measures of muscle fatigue and sleep quality among Division I collegiate wrestlers. The goal was to provide practitioners with noninvasive techniques to evaluate a wrestlers inflammatory state. METHODS: Subjects from the Central Michigan University Division I collegiate wrestling team (n=6) were analyzed on six separate occasions throughout the course of the competitive season and post season...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238250/influence-of-tennis-racquet-kinematics-on-ball-topspin-angular-velocity-and-accuracy-during-the-forehand-groundstroke
#5
Sunku Kwon, Robin Pfister, Ronald L Hager, Iain Hunter, Matthew K Seeley
Forehand groundstroke effectiveness is important for tennis success. Ball topspin angular velocity (TAV) and accuracy are important for forehand groundstroke effectiveness, and have been extensively studied, previously; despite previous, quality studies, it was unclear whether certain racquet kinematics relate to ball TAV and shot accuracy during the forehand groundstroke. This study evaluated potential relationships between (1) ball TAV and (2) forehand accuracy, and five measures of racquet kinematics: racquet head impact angle (i...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234560/collegiate-male-soccer-players-exhibit-between-limb-symmetry-in-body-composition-muscle-strength-and-range-of-motion
#6
Matthew D DeLang, Melodie Kondratek, Lorenzo J DiPace, Tamara Hew-Butler
Background: Functional and structural asymmetries attributed to limb dominance are equivocal in soccer players. Previous authors hypothesize the existence of between-limb asymmetry secondary to the repetitive unilateral nature of kicking. However, symmetry is often present, particularly in measures of muscle strength. Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to determine if lateral dominance is accompanied by corresponding between-limb asymmetries in a comprehensive assessment of body composition, muscle strength, and range of motion in healthy soccer players...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226551/premenstrual-symptoms-interference-and-equol-production-status-in-japanese-collegiate-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Takashi Takeda, Tomomi Ueno, Shigeto Uchiyama, Masami Shiina
AIM: Consumption of soy isoflavones reduces the risk of estrogen-related diseases, such as menopausal symptoms, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease. Equol is metabolized from the isoflavone daidzein by intestinal bacteria and has higher bioavailability than other isoflavones. Equol producers are believed to benefit from soybean consumption to a greater extent than non-producers. Recently, we showed that equol non-producers were at significant risk of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Previously, we reported that PMS is a common menstrual problem in female athletes, and almost half of the studied athletes felt a negative effect of premenstrual symptoms on their athletic performance...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212413/a-lower-extremity-strength-based-profile-of-ncaa-division-i-women-s-basketball-and-gymnastics-athletes-implications-for-knee-joint-injury-risk-assessment
#8
Brennan J Thompson, Curtis S Cazier, Eadric Bressel, Dennis G Dolny
This study aimed to provide a comprehensive strength-based physiological profile of women's NCAA Division I basketball and gymnastic athletes; and to make sport-specific comparisons for various strength characteristics of the knee flexor and extensor muscles. A focus on antagonist muscle balance (hamstrings-to-quadriceps ratios, H:Q) was used to elucidate vulnerabilities in these at-risk female athletes. Fourteen NCAA Division I women's basketball and 13 gymnastics athletes performed strength testing of the knee extensors and flexors...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210954/examining-the-influence-of-exercise-intensity-and-hydration-on-gastrointestinal-temperature-in-collegiate-football-players
#9
Julie K DeMartini-Nolan, Jessica L Martschinske, Douglas J Casa, Rebecca M Lopez, Rebecca L Stearns, Matthew S Ganio, Eric Coris
Debate exists regarding the influence of intensity and hydration on body temperature during American football. The purpose of this study was to observe body core temperature responses with changes in intensity and hydration. Twenty-nine male football players (age=21±1y, height=187±9 cm, mass=110.1±23.5 kg, body mass index (BMI)=31.3±5.0, and body surface area (BSA)=2.34±0.27m2) participated in eight days of practice in a warm environment (WBGT:29.6±1.6°C). Participants were identified as Starters (S;n=12) or Non-Starters (NS;n=17) and Linemen (L;n=14) or Non-Linemen (NL;n=15)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207819/effect-of-rocker-soled-shoe-design-on-walking-economy-in-females-with-pes-planus
#10
Manvi Dhyani, Deepika Singla, Irshad Ahmad, M Ejaz Hussain, Kamran Ali, Shalini Verma
Introduction: The energy cost is increased during walking in pes planus condition whereas, energy cost during walking using rocker bottom shoes is debatable. Aim: To determine the walking economy with rocker soled shoes, when compared with bare feet walking in females with pes planus over treadmill. Materials and Methods: Seventeen collegiate flat footed females aged 18-25 years were recruited in accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204342/sex-differences-in-white-matter-alterations-following-repetitive-subconcussive-head-impacts-in-collegiate-ice-hockey-players
#11
Nico Sollmann, Paul S Echlin, Vivian Schultz, Petra V Viher, Amanda E Lyall, Yorghos Tripodis, David Kaufmann, Elisabeth Hartl, Philipp Kinzel, Lorie A Forwell, Andrew M Johnson, Elaine N Skopelja, Christian Lepage, Sylvain Bouix, Ofer Pasternak, Alexander P Lin, Martha E Shenton, Inga K Koerte
Objective: Repetitive subconcussive head impacts (RSHI) may lead to structural, functional, and metabolic alterations of the brain. While differences between males and females have already been suggested following a concussion, whether there are sex differences following exposure to RSHI remains unknown. The aim of this study was to identify and to characterize sex differences following exposure to RSHI. Methods: Twenty-five collegiate ice hockey players (14 males and 11 females, 20...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201363/development-and-validation-of-makeup-and-sexualized-clothing-questionnaires
#12
Haylie Smith, Marisol Perez, Michael R Sladek, Carolyn Black Becker, Tara K Ohrt, Amanda B Bruening
Background: Body acceptance programs on college campuses indicated that collegiate women often report feeling pressure to dress in a sexualized manner, and use makeup to enhance beauty. Currently, no quantitative measures exist to assess attitudes and daily behaviors that may arise in response to perceived pressure to wear makeup or dress in a provocative manner. The goal of the current studies was to develop brief self-report questionnaires aimed at assessing makeup and sexualized clothing use and attitudes in young women...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194300/nursing-living-learning-communities-and-student-retention-a-qualitative-study
#13
Renee N Bauer, Susan Kiger
BACKGROUND: Living-learning communities have been known to promote student performance and a sense of collegiality. Most studies on this topic have utilized quantitative methods. AIM: This qualitative comparison case study examined personal experiences associated with residing in a living-learning community. The study was conducted to explore findings associated with promoting student retention. A secondary goal was to explore student experiences with mentoring...
March 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189580/comparison-of-body-composition-variables-across-a-large-sample-of-ncaa-women-athletes-from-six-competitive-sports
#14
Jennifer B Fields, Casey J Metoyer, Jason C Casey, Michael R Esco, Andrew R Jagim, Margaret T Jones
Body composition (BC) plays a critical role in sport performance and athlete health. Body size and BC have been widely studied in men's sports, with reported changes observed over time. However, a paucity of current data exists in women athletes. The purpose of the current descriptive study was to measure and compare BC data for collegiate women athletes from six competitive sports. A total of 524 athletes from two NCAA institutions participated: basketball (BB; n = 95), gymnastics (GYM; n = 42), lacrosse (LAX; n = 81), rowing (ROW; n = 57), soccer (SOC; n = 188), and volleyball (VB; n = 61)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189435/investigating-physicians-views-on-soft-signals-in-the-context-of-their-peers-performance
#15
Myra van den Goor, Milou Silkens, Maas Jan Heineman, Kiki Lombarts
BACKGROUND: Physicians are responsible for delivering high quality of care. In cases of underperformance, hindsight knowledge indicates forewarning being potentially available in terms of concerns, signs, or signals. It is not known how the physicians involved perceive such signals. PURPOSE: To openly explore how physicians perceive soft signals and react on them. METHODS: In-depth interviews with 12 hospital-based physicians from various specialties and institutions following the interpretative phenomenological analysis approach...
November 14, 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189341/normative-data-set-of-sway-balance-mobile-assessment-in-pediatric-athletes
#16
Stevi L Anderson, Dustin Gatens, Colette Glatts, Stephen A Russo
OBJECTIVE: To examine and describe normative values for an objective, mobile measure of postural stability commonly used in concussion assessments, SWAY Balance (SWAY Medical, Tulsa, Oklahoma). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of baseline balance assessments in a healthy pediatric population. SETTING: Baseline assessments completed by certified athletic trainers at an outpatient concussion center or sports medicine offices in Philadelphia, PA and surrounding suburban Pennsylvania and New Jersey or during an athletic trainer's baseline assessment of collegiate athletes at a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division-II University in Fort Lauderdale, FL...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189340/influence-of-postconcussion-sleep-duration-on-concussion-recovery-in-collegiate-athletes
#17
Nicole L Hoffman, Michelle L Weber, Steven P Broglio, Michael McCrea, Thomas W McAllister, Julianne D Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether decreased sleep duration postconcussion influences days to asymptomatic and assessment of performance throughout recovery. DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: Institutional Clinical Research Laboratory. PATIENTS: Four hundred twenty-three collegiate athletes were diagnosed with concussion. INTERVENTIONS: Multidimensional concussion assessment battery was conducted at baseline, within 24 to 48 hours, daily [2-4 days postinjury (PI); symptoms only], once asymptomatic, and after return-to-play...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182376/perceptions-of-work-life-balance-practices-offered-in-the-collegiate-practice-setting
#18
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Lindsey E Eberman
CONTEXT:   Organizational factors have been identified as barriers to finding work-life balance (WLB) in athletic training. Despite the existence of organizational policies to address WLB, little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') awareness of these policies that could assist them. OBJECTIVE:   To better understand the perceptions of ATs regarding the workplace practices available to them, which may help them achieve WLB. DESIGN:   Phenomenologic design...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182375/multilevel-examination-of-job-satisfaction-and-career-intentions-of-collegiate-athletic-trainers-a-quantitative-approach
#19
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Craig R Denegar, William A Pitney, Jennifer McGarry
CONTEXT:   Recent employment data from collegiate athletic training settings have demonstrated departure trends among men and women. These trends have been hypothesized to be related to work-life balance. However, work-life balance is only 1 aspect of a myriad of factors. Due to the complex nature of the work-life interface, a multilevel examination is needed to better understand the precipitators of departure. OBJECTIVE:   To quantitatively examine factors that may influence collegiate athletic trainers' (ATs') job satisfaction and career intentions via a multilevel examination of the work-life interface...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179631/bulimic-symptomatology-among-male-collegiate-athletes-a-test-of-an-etiological-model
#20
Justine Chatterton, Trent A Petrie, Keke L Schuler, Camilo Ruggero
We tested Petrie and Greenleaf's psychosocial model in relation to male athletes' bulimic symptomatology. Through structural equation modeling, we cross-sectionally examined the direct and indirect effects of general and sport-specific appearance pressures, internalization, body satisfaction, drive for muscularity, negative affect, and dietary restraint on bulimic symptomatology. Participants were U.S. male collegiate athletes (N = 698; Mage = 19.87 years) representing 17 sports. With minor respecifications, the model had acceptable fit, and the psychosocial variables explained 48% of the bulimic symptomatology variance...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
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