Read by QxMD icon Read

Coronary artery cardiac computed tomography MRI

Mark Doyle, Gerald M Pohost, C Noel Bairey Merz, Leslee J Shaw, George Sopko, William J Rogers, Barry L Sharaf, Carl J Pepine, Diane V Thompson, Geetha Rayarao, Lindsey Tauxe, Sheryl F Kelsey, Robert W W Biederman
BACKGROUND: We introduce an algorithmic approach to optimize diagnostic and prognostic value of gated cardiac single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and magnetic resonance (MR) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) modalities in women with suspected myocardial ischemia. The novel approach: bio-informatics assessment schema (BIAS) forms a mathematical model utilizing MPI data and cardiac metrics generated by one modality to predict the MPI status of another modality. The model identifies cardiac features that either enhance or mask the image-based evidence of ischemia...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Luca Presotto, Elena Busnardo, Luigi Gianolli, Valentino Bettinardi
Positron emission tomography (PET) is indicated for a large number of cardiac diseases: perfusion and viability studies are commonly used to evaluate coronary artery disease; PET can also be used to assess sarcoidosis and endocarditis, as well as to investigate amyloidosis. Furthermore, a hot topic for research is plaque characterization. Most of these studies are technically very challenging. High count rates and short acquisition times characterize perfusion scans while very small targets have to be imaged in inflammation/infection and plaques examinations...
December 2016: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Won Woo Lee
Nuclear cardiology is one of the major fields of nuclear medicine practice. Myocardial perfusion studies using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) have played a crucial role in the management of coronary artery diseases. Positron emission tomography (PET) has also been considered an important tool for the assessment of myocardial viability and perfusion. However, the recent development of computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technologies and growing concerns about the radiation exposure of patients remain serious challenges for nuclear cardiology...
September 2016: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Nickalaus L Gramze, Dipan J Shah
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiac MRI is unique amongst the cardiac imaging modalities in its ability to directly image myocardial fibrosis using late gadolinium enhancement techniques. The ability to identify not only the presence of fibrosis but also its pattern of distribution within the myocardium can aid in distinguishing between ischemic and nonischemic causes of left ventricular dysfunction, as well as provide valuable prognostic information for patients with various etiologies of heart failure...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Cardiology
Kwang Nam Jin, Carlo N De Cecco, Damiano Caruso, Christian Tesche, Adam Spandorfer, Akos Varga-Szemes, U Joseph Schoepf
Dual-energy CT (DECT) enables simultaneous use of two different tube voltages, thus different x-ray absorption characteristics are acquired in the same anatomic location with two different X-ray spectra. The various DECT techniques allow material decomposition and mapping of the iodine distribution within the myocardium. Static dual-energy myocardial perfusion imaging (sCTMPI) using pharmacological stress agents demonstrate myocardial ischemia by single snapshot images of myocardial iodine distribution. sCTMPI gives incremental values to coronary artery stenosis detected on coronary CT angiography (CCTA) by showing consequent reversible or fixed myocardial perfusion defects...
October 2016: European Journal of Radiology
P Ong, U Sechtem
Just as in epicardial coronary stenosis, coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) also leads to an imbalance of myocardial oxygen supply and demand. The dysfunction is located at the level of the coronary microcirculation with vessel diameters < 500 µm and structural as well as functional alterations have been described. The underlying mechanisms are diverse, frequently overlap and are still incompletely understood. Among others, conditions such as chronic inflammation, estrogen deficiency and a genetic familial predisposition have been reported...
June 2016: Herz
Simon Lee, Santosh C Uppu, Irene D Lytrivi, Javier Sanz, Justin Weigand, Miwa K Geiger, Rajesh U Shenoy, Kanwal Farooqi, Khanh H Nguyen, Ira A Parness, Shubhika Srivastava
BACKGROUND: Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery from the wrong Sinus of Valsalva (AAOCA) is a rare congenital anomaly and is associated with sudden cardiac death. Morphologic features considered to be "high risk" are significant luminal narrowing, acute coronary angulation at its origin, intramural course, and long interarterial course. A consistent approach for characterization of these features is lacking. METHODS: A retrospective single-center review of all patients diagnosed with AAOCA using echocardiogram and computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies was performed...
May 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Ibrahim Danad, Jackie Szymonifka, Jos W R Twisk, Bjarne L Norgaard, Christopher K Zarins, Paul Knaapen, James K Min
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), stress echocardiography (SE), invasive coronary angiography (ICA), coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA), fractional flow reserve (FFR) derived from CCTA (FFRCT), and cardiac magnetic resonance (MRI) imaging when directly compared with an FFR reference standard. METHOD AND RESULTS: PubMed and Web of Knowledge were searched for investigations published between 1 January 2002 and 28 February 2015...
May 2, 2016: European Heart Journal
G J Pelgrim, A Handayani, H Dijkstra, N H J Prakken, R H J A Slart, M Oudkerk, P M A Van Ooijen, R Vliegenthart, P E Sijens
Technological advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT), including higher spatial and temporal resolution, have made the prospect of performing absolute myocardial perfusion quantification possible, previously only achievable with positron emission tomography (PET). This could facilitate integration of myocardial perfusion biomarkers into the current workup for coronary artery disease (CAD), as MRI and CT systems are more widely available than PET scanners. Cardiac PET scanning remains expensive and is restricted by the requirement of a nearby cyclotron...
2016: BioMed Research International
Eduardo G Bertoldi, Steffan F Stella, Luis E Rohde, Carisi A Polanczyk
Several tests exist for diagnosing coronary artery disease, with varying accuracy and cost. We sought to provide cost-effectiveness information to aid physicians and decision-makers in selecting the most appropriate testing strategy. We used the state-transitions (Markov) model from the Brazilian public health system perspective with a lifetime horizon. Diagnostic strategies were based on exercise electrocardiography (Ex-ECG), stress echocardiography (ECHO), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), computed tomography coronary angiography (CTA), or stress cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (C-MRI) as the initial test...
May 2016: Clinical Cardiology
Florian Blaschke, Florian Krackhardt, Bherous Kherad, Burkert Pieske, Wilhelm Haverkamp, Matthias Rief
CONTEXT: Congenital coronary anomalies, including anomalous origin, distribution, intercoronary communications, and coronary fistulae occur at a rate of approximately 1% in the general population and are the most incidental findings. CASE REPORT: A 49-year-old male patient presented to the emergency department with exercise-induced dyspnea and atypical angina pectoris. Coronary angiography (CAG) and contrast-enhanced 320-slice multidetector cardiac computed tomography with subsequent three-dimensional reconstructions revealed a single coronary artery (SCA) arising from the right sinus of Valsalva with a proximal branch giving rise to the left anterior descending coronary artery...
February 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
Bedia Kara, Alaaddin Nayman, Ibrahim Guler, Enes Elvin Gul, Mustafa Koplay, Yahya Paksoy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the left ventricular parameters obtained from multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) studies with two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is accepted as the gold standard in the evaluation of left ventricular functions. The study also aimed to evaluate whether or not there is a relationship between the MR-Argus and CMR tools software programs which are used in post-process calculations of data obtained by MRI...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
C Sorensen, P Gach, H Pico, N Hugues, A Dabadie, C Desvignes, B Bourlière, A Aschero, N Colavolpe, P Petit, G Gorincour
The different factors involved in the choice of the best cardiovascular imaging examination for pediatric patients are justification, radiation protection, sedation, resolutions (spatial and contrast), morphology or function, intervention and contrast enhancement. Computed tomography is preferable for all coronary artery conditions, any arterial or venous abnormalities in newborns and infants and in the preoperative assessment for tetralogy of Fallot. Magnetic resonance imaging is used for any tumoral or functional assessment, cardiomyopathy or arrhythmia or if the child's participation and/or size of the structures being examined allows using this technique...
May 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Matthew C Henn, Brian P Cupps, Julia Kar, Kevin Kulshrestha, Danielle Koerner, Alan C Braverman, Michael K Pasque
OBJECTIVE: When significant coronary lesions are identified by angiography, regional left ventricular (LV) contractile function often plays a role in determining candidacy for revascularization. To improve on current subjective and nonquantitative metrics of regional LV function, we tested a z-score "normalization" of regional strain information quantified from clinically acquired high-resolution LV geometric datasets. METHODS: Test subjects (n = 120) underwent cardiac MRI with multiple 3-dimensional strain parameters calculated from tissue tag-plane displacement data...
July 2015: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Xiang Zhou, Dawei Liu, Longxiang Su, Yun Long, Wei Du, Qi Miao, Fang Li, Zhengyu Jin, Zhengpei Zeng, Ailun Luo, Yuguang Huang
Cardiac pheochromocytoma is relatively rare. Few reports describe the intraoperative and postoperative progression of patients experiencing a life-threatening pheochromocytoma crisis treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).A 35-year-old man was referred to our facility for paroxysmal hypertension with a 10-year history of sweating, headaches, cardiac palpitations, and postexercise dyspnea. The patient initially underwent urine catecholamine measurement and an isotope scan, somatostatin receptor scintigraphy, and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computer tomography (CT), which indicated a multiple, cardiac pheochromocytoma...
May 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
S Feger, M Rief, E Zimmermann, F Richter, R Roehle, M Dewey, E Schönenberger
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patient acceptance of noninvasive imaging tests for detection of coronary artery disease (CAD), including single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI), stress perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), coronary CT angiography (CTA) in combination with CT myocardial stress perfusion (CTP), and conventional coronary angiography (CCA). METHODS: Intraindividual comparison of perception of 48 patients from the CORE320 multicentre multinational study who underwent rest and stress SPECT-MPI with a technetium-based tracer, combined CTA and CTP (both with contrast agent, CTP with adenosine), MRI, and CCA...
July 2015: European Radiology
Miia Lehtinen, Jukka Schildt, Aapo Ahonen, Päivi Nikkinen, Kirsi Lauerma, Juha Sinisalo, Esko Kankuri, Antti Vento, Tommi Pätilä, Ari Harjula
AIMS: Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) are suggested to improve clinical decision-making in ischaemic cardiomyopathy. Here, we present a unique cohort of patients who underwent nuclear medicine studies and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) both before and 1 year after coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery to assess benefit from surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Before CABG, we applied three quantitative techniques using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-PET and (99m)technetium-tetrofosmin-SPECT with a software tool to measure defects with hypoperfused but viable and non-viable myocardium in 15 patients...
September 2015: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Benjamin M White, Sabina Vennarini, Lilie Lin, Gary Freedman, Anand Santhanam, Daniel A Low, Stefan Both
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of radiation therapy treatment planning 4-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deep-inspiration breath-hold (DIBH) CT to accurately contour the left anterior descending artery (LAD), a primary indicator of radiation-induced cardiac toxicity for patients undergoing radiation therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ten subjects were prospectively imaged with a cardiac-gated MRI protocol to determine cardiac motion effects, including the displacement of a region of interest comprising the LAD...
March 15, 2015: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Hyun Woo Goo
Coronary artery problems in children usually have a significant impact on both short-term and long-term outcomes. Early and accurate diagnosis, therefore, is crucial but technically challenging due to the small size of the coronary artery, high heart rates, and limited cooperation of children. Coronary artery visibility on CT and MRI in children is considerably improved with recent technical advancements. Consequently, CT and MRI are increasingly used for evaluating various congenital and acquired coronary artery abnormalities in children, such as coronary artery anomalies, aberrant coronary artery anatomy specific to congenital heart disease, Kawasaki disease, Williams syndrome, and cardiac allograft vasculopathy...
March 2015: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
A A Qayyum, J Kastrup
Recently, focus has changed from anatomical assessment of coronary arteries towards functional testing to evaluate the effect of stenosis on the myocardium before intervention. Besides positron-emission tomography (PET), cardiac MRI (CMR), and cardiac CT are able to measure myocardial perfusion. Myocardial perfusion abnormalities are the first sign of the ischaemic cascade in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). PET is considered the non-invasive clinical reference standard for absolute quantification of myocardial perfusion...
June 2015: Clinical Radiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"