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REM desensitisation

Bjarke Ebert, Neil J Anderson, Thomas I Cremers, Stine Rasmussen, Vanessa Vogel, Jeanne M Fahey, Connie Sánchez
Gaboxadol, a selective extra synaptic GABA(A) receptor agonist, has been in clinical development for the treatment of insomnia. Development of tolerance to therapeutic effects (e.g. hypnotic and anticonvulsant and sedative) and withdrawal symptoms (e.g. REM sleep rebound and reduced seizure threshold) upon treatment discontinuation is reported for GABA(A) receptor allosteric modulators acting via the benzodiazepine binding site, e.g. zolpidem and indiplon. We conducted a head to head comparison in rats of the hypnotic (sleep EEG after 21 daily doses and 24 and 48 h after the last dose) and seizure threshold modifying (bicuculline assay 24 h after 28 daily doses) effects of gaboxadol and benzodiazepine ligands...
July 2008: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
J C Pecknold, L Luthe
The presence of mixed symptoms of anxiety and depression are well known to every clinician. Panic, generalised anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder all have considerable overlap with major depressive illness. Factor analysis of anxiety and depression symptoms has sought to predict response to treatment as well as to establish a diagnosis. Sleep disturbances are important concomitants of both syndromes. The analysis of the architecture and phasing of sleep stages has been proposed as a biological marker to separate anxiety and depression...
1989: Drugs
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