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parental knowledge of diarrhea in young children & infants

José Alfonso Gutiérrez-Padilla, Horacio Padilla-Muñoz, Hugo Gutiérrez-González, Juan Carlos Barrera-de León, Oscar Miguel Aguirre-Jáuregui, Ricardo Martínez-Verónica, Iván Gutiérrez-González, Luis Manuel Avalos-Huizar
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in women addicted represents, in itself, a major risk of destruction of physical and mental health of the unborn child; urgent prevention is the same as essential to providing quality care to the mother and child knowledge. OBJECTIVE: Describe the physical and sociodemographic characteristics of neonates in intensive care units, born of mothers with addictions. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Cross-sectional, descriptive study of neonates with addict mothers, analyzing age, gender, clinical symptoms and complications...
July 2014: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Gauri Kakatkar, Ramesh Nagarajappa, Nagesh Bhat, Vikas Prasad, Archana Sharda, Kailash Asawa
Throughout history, teething has been held responsible for a variety of childhood illnesses. The objective of this study was to assess parents' knowledge and beliefs about teething signs and symptoms and to investigate the practices used to alleviate teething troubles. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire distributed to 550 parents in Udaipur, India. The questionnaire contained three sections eliciting demographic characteristics and assessing parents' knowledge, beliefs, and practices regarding teething...
March 2012: Brazilian Oral Research
M J Chisti, T Duke, C F Robertson, T Ahmed, A S G Faruque, P K Bardhan, S La Vincente, M A Salam
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on risk factors for pneumonia and pneumonia-related deaths in children who also have diarrhoea. AIM: To identify risk factors for the above in order to improve strategies for case management and to develop appropriate public health messages. METHODS: All children under 5 years of age admitted to the Special Care Ward, Dhaka Hospital of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research (ICDDR,B) from 1 September to 31 December 2007 were considered for enrollment if they also had diarrhoea...
2011: Annals of Tropical Paediatrics
Lauren S Blum, Rasheda Khan, Adnan A Hyder, Sabina Shahanaj, Shams El Arifeen, Abdullah Baqui
While reductions in infectious disease have resulted in impressive declines in child mortality in Bangladesh, drowning is becoming proportionately more important as a major cause of death, accounting for at least 19% of deaths of children between 1 and 4 years of age in trend analysis since 2000. Little is known about indigenous beliefs and behaviors associated with drowning, which may be critical to preventing child-related drowning deaths. Qualitative research was carried out over 13 months in Matlab, Bangladesh to describe the indigenous explanatory model of drowning and to identify behavioral factors increasing the risk for drowning deaths...
May 2009: Social Science & Medicine
Mirjam Harmsen, Michel Wensing, Johannes C van der Wouden, Richard P T M Grol
OBJECTIVE: To provide insight into parents' awareness of and knowledge about urinary tract infections (UTIs) in young children. METHODS: Twenty interviews with parents who had a child recently diagnosed with a UTI were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, and qualitatively analysed. RESULTS: Most parents knew the typical symptoms related to UTI. But, according to the parents, neither they nor all general practitioners (GPs) thought of a UTI in case of atypical symptoms...
May 2007: Patient Education and Counseling
S A Moawed, A A Saeed
OBJECTIVES: To study the socioeconomic correlates of infants' diarrhea as well as infants' mothers' knowledge and practice concerning diarrheal diseases. METHODS: Study subjects included 300 infants (150 from Sulaimania Pediatrics Hospital and 150 from the Maternal and Childrens Hospital) with diarrheal episodes during the study period selected by systematic random sampling. Data was collected via a structured open ended pilot tested modified questionnaire filled in by trained Arabic speaking research assistants who interviewed mothers about the diarrheal aspects of their infants, assessed their knowledge and practices concerning diarrheal diseases in children as well as collecting the necessary sociodemographic characteristics of the mothers, fathers and infants themselves...
December 2000: Saudi Medical Journal
M Wake, K Hesketh, J Lucas
OBJECTIVE: Many symptoms are attributed to teething in infants. There is little evidence to support these beliefs, despite their implications for clinical management. We investigated relationships between tooth eruption, fever, and teething symptoms. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one children 6 to 24 months old attending 3 suburban long-day care centers >/=3 days/week. Measures. 1) Daily temperature recording and examination of alveolar ridges for tooth eruption (dental therapist)...
December 2000: Pediatrics
Y Hoshino, L J Saif, S Y Kang, M M Sereno, W K Chen, A Z Kapikian
Rotaviruses are the leading cause of severe diarrhea in infants and young children worldwide. Thus, the development of an effective rotavirus vaccine is a major public health goal. This study was performed to identify the gene or genes responsible for rotavirus virulence or host range restriction and attenuation in a natural host. Such knowledge could have an important bearing on the selection of candidate live vaccine strains. We addressed this issue by analyzing the response of gnotobiotic piglets to orally administered porcine x human rotavirus reassortants...
May 10, 1995: Virology
W E Bertrand, B F Walmus
The focus on diarrhoeal disease as a world wide health problem as demonstrated by recent efforts of international agencies has raised the question of the importance of social factors such as maternal knowledge and attitudes in explaining differential prevalence. Using data from an experimental outreach health delivery programme in Cali, Colombia, this article examines 583 randomly selected women with children 0-4 years of age representing a total population of approximately 70 000. With perceived diarrhoea as the outcome question mothers were questioned on 11 attitude indicators of maternal knowledge and practice about diarrhoeal disease, four indicators of individual socioeconomic status, three indicators of crowding, three of housing quality and two of family sanitary conditions...
June 1983: International Journal of Epidemiology
L Gani, H Arif, S K Widjaja, R Adi, H Prasadja, L H Tampubolon, E Lukito, R Jauri
Prescribing practices of physicians who treat acute childhood diarrhoea in Penjaringan, an urban district of Jakarta, were investigated utilising observations of clinical practice and interviews with physicians. One hundred thirty-four physicians registered in Penjaringan district in their practices; 122 physicians (91%) participated in the survey and 73 (55%) were included in the observational study. Reported and observed practices are compared. Results show that 78% of the physicians reported that they frequently prescribe Oralit, a solution for oral rehydration therapy (ORT)...
September 1991: Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research
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