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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447871/the-effects-of-specialization-and-sex-on-anterior-y-balance-performance-in-high-school-athletes
#1
Madeline M Miller, Jessica L Trapp, Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Timothy A McGuine, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell
BACKGROUND: Sport specialization and movement asymmetry have been separately discussed as potential risk factors for lower extremity injury. Early specialization may lead to the development of movement asymmetries that can predispose an athlete to injury, but this has not been thoroughly examined. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes rated as specialized would exhibit greater between-limb anterior reach asymmetry and decreased anterior reach distance on the Y-balance test (YBT) as compared with nonspecialized high school athletes, and these differences would not be dependent on sex...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447331/understanding-action-and-adventure-sports-participation-an-ecological-dynamics-perspective
#2
Tuomas Immonen, Eric Brymer, Dominic Orth, Keith Davids, Francesco Feletti, Jarmo Liukkonen, Timo Jaakkola
Previous research has considered action and adventure sports using a variety of associated terms and definitions which has led to confusing discourse and contradictory research findings. Traditional narratives have typically considered participation exclusively as the pastime of young people with abnormal characteristics or personalities having unhealthy and pathological tendencies to take risks because of the need for thrill, excitement or an adrenaline 'rush'. Conversely, recent research has linked even the most extreme forms of action and adventure sports to positive physical and psychological health and well-being outcomes...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446454/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-judo-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-severe-injuries-based-on-time-loss-and-reduction-in-sporting-level
#3
Ralph Akoto, Christophe Lambert, Maurice Balke, Bertil Bouillon, Karl-Heinz Frosch, Jürgen Höher
BACKGROUND: Sport injury severity can be detected by duration of time loss and reduction of sporting performance. AIM: To detect injury type-specific time loss duration and sporting performance reduction in judo. METHODS: An online survey of active and former judo athletes was conducted (exclusion criterion: incomplete questionnaire). Only injuries causing more than 3 weeks' time loss were recorded. Athletes classified themselves into performance classes...
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430016/the-use-of-intravenous-lidocaine-for-the-management-of-acute-pain-secondary-to-traumatic-ankle-injury
#4
Billy Sin, Diana Gritsenko, Grace Tam, Kimberly Koop, Eva Mok
Sports-related injuries are a frequent cause of visits to the emergency department (ED) across the United States. A majority of these injuries affect the lower extremities with the ankle as the most frequently reported site. Most sports-related injuries are not severe enough to require inpatient hospitalization; however, they often lead to acute distress and pain which require prompt treatment with analgesics. Approximately 22% of patients who presented to the ED required pharmacotherapy for acute pain management...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426515/can-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-improve-muscle-power-in-individuals-with-advanced-resistance-training-experience
#5
Eduardo Lattari, Carlos Campos, Murilo Khede Lamego, Sandro Legey Passos de Souza, Geraldo M Neto, Nuno B Rocha, Aldair José de Oliveira, Sandro Carpenter, Sérgio Machado
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on countermovement jump performance (CMJ) in men with advanced strength training experience. Ten healthy male subjects, with advanced strength training and squatting exercise experience, were included. Participants took part in an initial visit to the laboratory to complete anthropometric measurements and CMJ kinematic test-retest reliability. Participants then completed three experimental conditions, 48-72 hours apart, in a randomized, double-blinded crossover design: anodal, cathodal and sham tDCS (2 mA for 20 minutes targeting the motor cortex bilaterally)...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423974/competitive-bass-anglers-a-new-concern-in-sports-medicine
#6
Connor R Read, Shawna L Watson, Jorge L Perez, A Reed Estes
OBJECTIVE: Competitive bass angling involves sport fishing against other anglers while targeting a species of fish known as the black basses. Due to the rapidly growing popularity of high school competitive bass angling in Alabama and the nature of the casting motion similar to that of overhead athletes, we sought to examine the prevalence of sports type injuries in this population. METHODS: In spring 2016, an anonymous survey was distributed across two large scale competitive high school fishing tournaments, allowing for a broad sampling of anglers throughout the state of Alabama...
April 19, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421117/chronic-pain-in-children-a-look-at-the-referral-process-to-a-pediatric-pain-clinic
#7
Giovanni Cucchiaro, Jennifer Schwartz, Alec Hutchason, Beatriz Ornelas
We reviewed the referral pattern of children with chronic pain to a specialized pediatric pain clinic. Data were obtained from referring physicians and medical records and during an interview with patients and their parents by physicians and a psychologist. We analyzed the following: referral diagnosis, demographics, duration of symptoms, number of physicians previously consulted, school attendance, sports activities, presence of psychological disorders, final team diagnosis, and outcomes. Children had been experiencing pain for 34 ± 55 months...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420431/injuries-in-extreme-sports
#8
REVIEW
Lior Laver, Ioannis P Pengas, Omer Mei-Dan
Extreme sports (ES) are usually pursued in remote locations with little or no access to medical care with the athlete competing against oneself or the forces of nature. They involve high speed, height, real or perceived danger, a high level of physical exertion, spectacular stunts, and heightened risk element or death.Popularity for such sports has increased exponentially over the past two decades with dedicated TV channels, Internet sites, high-rating competitions, and high-profile sponsors drawing more participants...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411937/preparing-for-international-travel-and-global-medical-care
#9
REVIEW
Swaminatha V Mahadevan, Matthew C Strehlow
Thorough pretravel preparation and medical consultation can mitigate avoidable health and safety risks. A comprehensive pretravel medical consultation should include an individualized risk assessment, immunization review, and discussion of arthropod protective measures, malaria prophylaxis, traveler's diarrhea, and injury prevention. Travel with children and jet lag reduction require additional planning and prevention strategies; travel and evacuation insurance may prove essential when traveling to less resourced countries...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404557/exercise-prescription-for-overhead-athletes-with-shoulder-pathology-a-systematic-review-with-best-evidence-synthesis
#10
REVIEW
Alexis A Wright, Eric J Hegedus, Daniel T Tarara, Samantha C Ray, Steven L Dischiavi
OBJECTIVE: To produce a best evidence synthesis of exercise prescription used when treating shoulder pathology in the overhead athlete. DESIGN: A systematic review of exercises used in overhead athletes including case studies and clinical commentaries. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PubMed, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL from database inception through July 8, 2016. METHODS: We examined data from randomised controlled trials and prospective cohort (level I-IV evidence) studies that addressed exercise intervention in the rehabilitation of the overhead athlete with shoulder pathology...
April 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394742/side-to-side-differences-in-lower-extremity-biomechanics-during-multi-directional-jump-landing-in-volleyball-athletes
#11
Komsak Sinsurin, Sarun Srisangboriboon, Roongtiwa Vachalathiti
Side-to-side differences of lower extremities may influence the likelihood of injury. Moreover, adding the complexity of jump-landing direction would help to explain lower extremity control during sport activities. The aim was to determine the effects of limb dominance and jump-landing direction on lower extremity biomechanics. Nineteen female volleyball athletes participated. Both dominant limbs (DLs) and non-dominant limbs (NLs) were examined in single-leg jump-landing tests in four directions, including forward (0°), diagonal (30° and 60°), and lateral (90°) directions...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387575/nutritional-considerations-for-bouldering
#12
Edward J Smith, Ryan Storey, Mayur K Ranchordas
Bouldering competitions are held up to International level and governed by the International Federation of Sport Climbing. Bouldering has been selected to feature at the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo, however, physiological qualities and nutritional requirements to optimise performance remain inadequately defined due to large gaps in the literature. The primary goals of training include optimising the capacity of the anaerobic energy systems and developing sport-specific strength, with emphasis on the isometric function of the forearm flexors responsible for grip...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355980/star-excursion-balance-test-anterior-asymmetry-is-associated-with-injury-status-in-division-i-collegiate-athletes
#13
Mikel R Stiffler, David R Bell, Jennifer L Sanfilippo, Scott J Hetzel, Kristen A Pickett, Bryan C Heiderscheit
Study Design Retrospective cohort. Background Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) performance differs by sport in healthy collegiate athletes and lower extremity injury rates also vary among sports, sex, and athletic exposure. The relationship between SEBT performance and injury risk has not been evaluated with consideration of these additional variables which may be necessary to fully describe the relationship between SEBT performance and injury risk. Objectives To assess the association between pre-season SEBT performance and non-contact injury occurrence to the knee or ankle in Division I collegiate athletes when controlling for sport, sex, and athletic exposure...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355977/three-patients-with-lower-extremity-tumors-referred-through-medical-channels-to-physical-therapists-a-description-of-clinical-reasoning-screening-and-collaborative-practice
#14
Seth Peterson, Thomas Denninger, Scott Porter
Study Design Resident's case problem. Background Although rare in the general population, bone and soft tissue tumors may be more frequently encountered in patients seeking physical therapy because of the propensity to mimic commonly treated musculoskeletal disorders. Screening for tumors requires the physical therapist be attentive to unexpected findings. The purpose of this paper was to describe the clinical reasoning and screening processes of physical therapists that facilitated the timely recognition of bone and soft tumors in 3 patients referred through medical channels...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353415/casting-and-splinting-management-for-hand-injuries-in-the-in-season-contact-sport-athlete
#15
Katherine H Carruthers, Olivia O'Reilly, Martin Skie, John Walters, Patrick Siparsky
CONTEXT: Upper extremity injuries are extremely common in contact sports such as football, soccer, and lacrosse. The culture of competitive athletics provides an environment where hand injuries are frequently downplayed in an effort to prevent loss of game time. However, studies have shown that many sport-induced hand injuries do not actually require immediate surgical attention and can be safely treated through immobilization so that the athlete may complete the athletic season. In these cases, appropriate casting and splinting measures should be taken to ensure protection of the injured player and the other competitors without causing loss of game time...
March 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350716/movement-strategies-among-groups-of-chronic-ankle-instability-coper-and-control
#16
S Jun Son, Hyunsoo Kim, Mattew K Seeley, J Ty Hopkins
INTRODUCTION: Comprehensive evaluation of movement strategies during functional movement is a difficult undertaking. Because of this challenge, studied movements have been over simplified. Furthermore, evaluating movement strategies at only a discrete time point(s) provide limited insight into how movement strategies may change or adapt in chronic ankle instability (CAI) patients. This study aimed to identify abnormal movement strategies in individuals with a history of ankle sprain injury during a sports maneuver compared to healthy controls...
March 27, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349035/characteristics-of-upper-extremity-s-muscle-strength-in-turkish-national-wheelchair-basketball-players-team
#17
Bihter Akınoğlu, Tuğba Kocahan
The objective of this study was to reveal characteristics of muscle strength of upper extremities of wheelchair (WC) basketball players and to ensure more-specific training program preparation. Isokinetic muscle strength of 12 WC basketball players were assessed by ISOMED 2000 device. The assessment protocol was evaluated at 60°/sec velocity with 5 times repeated force and at 240°/sec with 15 times repeated force. This protocol was carried out individually for shoulder flexion-extension and wrist flexion-extension movements at the right and left extremities...
February 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345409/osteoarthritis-in-football
#18
Gian M Salzmann, Stefan Preiss, Marcy Zenobi-Wong, Laurent P Harder, Dirk Maier, Jirí Dvorák
Football is currently the most popular sporting activity in the world. Multiple reports have shown that a high incidence of osteoarthritis is found in football players. Evidence clearly shows that traumatic injury significantly predisposes players for such pathophysiology. Injuries are frequent in amateur as well as professional football players, with knee and ankle accounting for the most severe injuries. Many professional athletes lose playing time due to injuries and many are forced into early retirement...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344459/applied-sports-nutrition-support-dietary-intake-and-body-composition-changes-of-a-female-athlete-completing-26-marathons-in-26-days-a-case-study
#19
Chris J McManus, Kelly A Murray, David A Parry
The aim of this case study is to describe the nutrition practices of a female recreational runner (VO2max 48.9 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)) who completed 26 marathons (42.195 km) in 26 consecutive days. Information relating to the nutritional intake of female runners during multi-day endurance events is extremely limited, yet the number of people participating year-on-year continues to increase. This case study reports the nutrition intervention, dietary intake, body composition changes and performance in the lead-up and during the 26 days...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327163/injuries-in-male-and-female-semi-professional-football-soccer-players-in-nigeria-prospective-study-of-a-national-tournament
#20
Oluwatoyosi Babatunde Alex Owoeye, Ayoola Ibifubara Aiyegbusi, Oluwaseun Akinleye Fapojuwo, Oluwaseun Abdulganiyu Badru, Anike Rasheedat Babalola
BACKGROUND: Research on the epidemiology of football injuries in Africa is very sparse despite its importance for injury prevention planning in a continent with limited sports medicine resources. The vast majority of studies available in literature were conducted in Europe and only a very few studies have prospectively reported the pattern of football injury in Africa. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and pattern of injuries in a cohort of male and female semi-professional football players in Nigeria...
March 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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