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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053976/longitudinal-association-between-mental-disorders-in-childhood-and-subsequent-depression-a-nationwide-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Louise Krarup Gundel, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Søren Dalsgaard
BACKGROUND: Depression ranges among the most impairing mental disorders worldwide, and early detection is a global health priority. Little is known about the association between non-affective mental disorders in childhood/adolescence and later depression. METHODS: Nationwide register-based prospective cohort study, estimating cumulative incidences and incidence rate ratios (IRR) for later depression in individuals with and without non-affective mental disorders in early life...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053832/reward-deficits-in-behavioural-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-include-insensitivity-to-negative-stimuli
#2
David C Perry, Samir Datta, Virginia E Sturm, Kristie A Wood, Jessica Zakrzewski, William W Seeley, Bruce L Miller, Joel H Kramer, Howard J Rosen
During reward processing individuals weigh positive and negative features of a stimulus to determine whether they will pursue or avoid it. Though patients with behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia display changes in their pursuit of rewards, such as food, alcohol, money, and sex, the basis for these shifts is not clearly established. In particular, it is unknown whether patients' behaviour results from excessive focus on rewards, insensitivity to punishment, or to dysfunction in a particular stage of reward processing, such as anticipation, consumption, or action selection...
October 7, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053654/retrospective-analysis-of-jaw-biopsies-in-young-adults-a-study-of-1599-cases-in-southern-brazil
#3
K Silva, A Alves, M Correa, A Etges, A-C Vasconcelos, A-P Gomes, S Tarquinio
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prevalence and the characteristics of jaw lesions diagnosed in young adults aged 20 to 30 years in a southern Brazil reference center, over a period of 25 years. And to analyze the concordance between clinical and histological diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional retrospective study, the biopsies files from this center were retrieved and data regarding sex, age, bone localization, clinical and histological diagnosis were collected...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053544/the-correlation-between-the-ota-ao-classification-system-and-compartment-syndrome-in-both-bone-forearm-fractures
#4
Thomas S Auld, John S Hwang, Nicholas Stekas, Peter D Gibson, Michael S Sirkin, Mark C Reilly, Mark R Adams
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of using the Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA/AO) classification for both bone forearm fractures in predicting compartment syndrome. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Level 1 Academic Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fifty-one patients 18 years of age and older, with both bone forearm fractures diagnosed from 2001 to 2016 were categorized based on the OTA/AO classification...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052772/imaging-of-thoracic-tuberculosis-in-children-current-and-future-directions
#5
REVIEW
Kushaljit Singh Sodhi, Ashu S Bhalla, Nasreen Mahomed, Bernard F Laya
Tuberculosis continues to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is the leading cause of infection-related deaths worldwide. Children are amongst the high-risk groups for developing tuberculosis and often pose a challenge to the clinicians in making a definitive diagnosis. The newly released global tuberculosis report from World Health Organization reveals a 50% increase in fatality from tuberculosis in children. Significantly, diagnostic and treatment algorithms of tuberculosis for children differ from those of adults...
September 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052655/psychological-distress-health-behaviors-and-benefit-finding-in-survivors-of-multiple-primary-cancers-results-from-the-2010-livestrong-survey
#6
Sarah M Belcher, Carissa A Low, Donna M Posluszny, Rebekkah Schear, Raegan E Kramer, Heidi S Donovan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether survivorship of multiple primary cancers (MPCs) is associated with psychological distress, positive health behaviors, and benefit finding.
. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the 2010 Livestrong cross-sectional survey.
. SETTING: Online survey.
. SAMPLE: 238 MPC survivors and 3,295 single cancer survivors.
. METHODS: Chi-square and t tests for group comparisons were used...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052564/reference-intervals-of-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-in-peripheral-blood-for-chinese-minors-and-adults
#7
Chang-Yu Xia, Yu Liu, Hui-Rong Yang, Hong-Yun Yang, Jing-Xia Liu, Yi-Nan Ma, Yu Qi
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content measured by different techniques cannot be compared between studies, and age- and tissue-related control values are hardly available. In the present study, we aimed to establish the normal reference range of mtDNA copy number in the Chinese population. METHODS: Two healthy cohorts of 200 Chinese minors (0.1-18.0 years) and 200 adults (18.0-88.0 years) were recruited. Then, they were further categorized into eight age groups...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052216/polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-prevalence-and-impact%C3%A2-on-the-wellbeing-of-australian-women-aged-16-29%C3%A2-years
#8
L Chitra Varanasi, Asvini Subasinghe, Yasmin L Jayasinghe, Emma T Callegari, Suzanne M Garland, Alexandra Gorelik, John D Wark
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common condition among reproductive-aged women. However, its exact prevalence is unknown. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of PCOS in Australian women aged 16-29 years using the National Institutes of Health (NIH) criteria compared to self-reported PCOS, to compare co-morbidities between the groups and to determine the most distressing aspect of a diagnosis of PCOS for these young women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited from the Young Female Health Initiative (YFHI) and Safe-D studies...
October 19, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052102/changes-in-cerebellar-functional-connectivity-and-autonomic-regulation-in-cancer-patients-treated-with-the-neuro-emotional-technique-for-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#9
Daniel A Monti, Anna Tobia, Marie Stoner, Nancy Wintering, Michael Matthews, Chris J Conklin, Feroze B Mohamed, Inna Chervoneva, Andrew B Newberg
PURPOSE: A growing number of research studies have implicated the cerebellum in emotional processing and regulation, especially with regard to negative emotional memories. However, there currently are no studies showing functional changes in the cerebellum as a result of treatment for traumatic stress symptoms. The Neuro Emotional Technique (NET) is an intervention designed to help improve symptoms related to traumatic stress using an integrative approach that combines emotional, cognitive, and motor processing, with a particular focus on autonomic nervous system regulation...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052096/life-paths-of-patients-with-transthyretin-related-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy-val30met-a-descriptive-study
#10
Alice Lopes, Alexandra Sousa, Isabel Fonseca, Margarida Branco, Carla Rodrigues, Teresa Coelho, Jorge Sequeiros, Paula Freitas
Transthyretin-related familial amyloid polyneuropathy Val30Met is a fatal progressive disease. It is a rare hereditary amyloidosis, manifesting as a sensorimotor neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction. It begins during adulthood and is a disabling disease, posing a great psychological burden to patients and their families. Our aim was to describe and characterize life events related to the disease and discuss its psychosocial implications. Social and demographic data and a questionnaire on history of family and personal disease, and biographic events, were applied to 209 subjects attending an outpatient specialized clinic...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052086/tissue-and-urinary-kim-1-relate-to-tumor-characteristics-in-patients-with-clear-renal-cell-carcinoma
#11
Mirjana Mijuskovic, Ivan Stanojevic, Novak Milovic, Snezana Cerovic, Dejan Petrovic, Djoko Maksic, Bozidar Kovacevic, Tamara Andjelic, Predrag Aleksic, Brankica Terzic, Mirjana Djukic, Danilo Vojvodic
The objective of this prospective follow-up trial was to ascertain whether the urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (uKIM-1) associates with tumor tissue (tKIM-1) expression and with the pathological characteristics of clear renal cell carcinoma (cRCC) in radically nephrectomized (RN) and/or in partially nephrectomized (PN) patients with cRCC, pre- and postoperatively. This clinical study included 40 patients subjected to RN/PN (cRCC group) and 30 healthy volunteers (control group). Urinary KIM-1 was determined by ELISA TIM-1/KIM-1 kit and normalized by urinary creatinine...
October 19, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051732/age-related-frontal-periventricular-white-matter-hyperintensities-and-mir-92a-3p-are-associated-with-early-onset-post-stroke-depression
#12
Ji-Rong He, Yu Zhang, Wen-Jing Lu, Huai-Bin Liang, Xuan-Qiang Tu, Fei-Yue Ma, Guo-Yuan Yang, Li-Li Zeng
Objective: To explore the correlationship among white matter hyperintensities (WMHs), miR-92a-3p and early-onset post-stroke depression (PSD). Methods: We recruited consecutively 238 patients with acute cerebral infarction and MRI examination in the Department of neurology, Ruijin hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine. The diagnosis of early-onset PSD was made in accordance with DSM-IV criteria for depression in 2 weeks after stroke. Clinical information and assessments of stroke severity were recorded on admission...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051476/independent-factors-predicting-postoperative-30-day-mortality-in-101-infants-following-liver-transplantation
#13
Chan Woo Cho, Sanghoon Lee, Jong Man Kim, Gyu-Seong Choi, Choon Hyuck David Kwon, Jae-Won Joh, Suk-Koo Lee
BACKGROUND Liver transplantation (LT) in infants is a challenging procedure. This study was designed to identify risk factors of 30-day mortality of infant LT recipients. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 101 infants treated between May 1997 and March 2015 were assigned to one of two groups, a deceased infant group (n=9) or a live infant group (n=92), according to their mortality status at 30 days after LT. RESULTS Patient characteristics of height, weight, preoperative total bilirubin, creatinine clearance, primary diagnosis, and graft-to-recipient weight ratio (GRWR) were significantly different between the two groups...
October 20, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050463/clinical-outcomes-and-pathological-characteristics-of-immunoglobulin-g4-related-ophthalmic-disease-versus-orbital-inflammatory-pseudotumor
#14
Hong Ki Min, Youn Soo Lee, Suk-Woo Yang, Jennifer Lee, Seung-Ki Kwok, Ji Hyeon Ju, Wan-Uk Kim, Sung-Hwan Park
Background/Aims: This study investigated the clinical and pathological features of immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related ophthalmic disease. To clarify the features, we compared IgG4-related ophthalmic disease and orbital inflammatory pseudotumor. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 103 patients who were initially diagnosed with orbital inflammatory pseudotumor, and identified 16 cases in which the diagnosis was based on surgical biopsy and for which data in medical records were sufficient for analysis...
October 19, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050381/space-based-bias-of-covert-visual-attention-in-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#15
Janet H Bultitude, Ian Walker, Charles Spence
See Legrain (doi:10.1093/awx188) for a scientific commentary on this article. Some patients with complex regional pain syndrome report that movements of the affected limb are slow, more effortful, and lack automaticity. These symptoms have been likened to the syndrome that sometimes follows brain injury called hemispatial neglect, in which patients exhibit attentional impairments and problems with movements affecting the contralesional side of the body and space. Psychophysical testing of patients with complex regional pain syndrome has found evidence for spatial biases when judging visual targets distanced at 2 m, but not in directions that indicate reduced attention to the affected side...
September 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050112/-clinical-pathologic-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-of-19-relapsed-pediatric-b-cell-lymphoma
#16
S Huang, L Jin, J Yang, Y L Duan, M Zhang, C J Zhou, X L Ma, Y H Zhang
Objective: To review the clinical-pathology characteristics of 19 relapsed pediatric mature B cell lymphoma and to find the risk factors for recurrence and the feasible treatment after relapse. Method: Data of 212 pediatric B cell lymphomas cases in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2006 to June 2015 were collected retrospectively. All the patients were treated according to the B cell lymphoma regimen of Beijing Children's Hospital. During the study period, 19 of 212 cases were relapsed; the clinio-pathological characteristics of relapsed patients before treatment and after relapse were analyzed retrospectively, the treatment outcomes after relapse were summarized and the patients were followed-up...
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050068/-diagnostic-and-prognostic-roles-of-loss-of-cic-protein-expression-in-oligodendroglial-tumors
#17
C C Liu, L Y Zhang, L M Wang, D D Wang, Y J Fu, Y N Cai, D H Lu, Y S Piao
Objective: To investigate the usefulness of loss of CIC expression as the prescreening detection of 1p/19q co-deletion in the diagnosis of oligodendroglial tumors and its prognostic implication. Methods: The retrospective study included 113 oligodendroglial tumors diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University. Expression of CIC protein was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the 1p/19q co-deletion by fluorescence in situ hybridization in all the tumors; and the correlation of the loss of protein and 1p/19q co-deletion with prognosis was assessed...
October 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049725/cd11b-and-cd200-on-circulating-monocytes-differentiate-two-angiographic-subtypes-of-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy
#18
Yousif Subhi, Marie Krogh Nielsen, Christopher Rue Molbech, Akio Oishi, Amardeep Singh, Mogens Holst Nissen, Torben Lykke Sørensen
Purpose: To investigate surface expression of CD11b and CD200 on circulating monocytes in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). Methods: This was a prospective case-control study of patients with PCV (n = 27), age-matched healthy controls (n = 27), and patients with neovascular AMD (n = 49). All participants underwent a comprehensive ocular examination. Fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography were performed in patients suspected of neovascular AMD or PCV...
October 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049634/internet-based-self-help-for-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-details-and-outcome-of-a-single-group-open-trial
#19
Ilmari Pyykko, Vinaya Manchaiah, Erna Kentala, Hilla Levo, Martti Juhola
Purpose: In this article, we present the details and the pilot outcome of an Internet-based self-help program for Ménière's disease (MD). Method: The Norton-Kaplan model is applied to construct a strategic, person-focused approach in the enablement process. The program assesses the disorder profile and diagnosis. In the therapeutic component of the program, the participant defines vision and time frame, inspects confounding factors, determines goals, establishes a strategy, and starts to work on the important problems caused by the disorder...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049611/association-of-a-prophylactic-surgical-approach-to-stage-iv-small-intestinal-neuroendocrine-tumors-with-survival
#20
Kosmas Daskalakis, Andreas Karakatsanis, Ola Hessman, Heather C Stuart, Staffan Welin, Eva Tiensuu Janson, Kjell Öberg, Per Hellman, Olov Norlén, Peter Stålberg
Importance: Primary tumor resection and mesenteric lymph node dissection in asymptomatic patients with stage IV small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) are controversial. Objective: To determine the association of locoregional surgery (LRS) performed at diagnosis with outcomes in patients with asymptomatic SI-NETs and distant metastases. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included asymptomatic patients with stage IV SI-NETs diagnosed from January 1, 1985, through December 31, 2015, and identified using the prospective database of SI-NETs from Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden...
October 19, 2017: JAMA Oncology
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