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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101829/autism-spectrum-disorders%C3%A2-diagnosis-and-management
#1
REVIEW
Sharmila Banerjee Mukherjee
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro-developmental disorder commonly seen in children. It is characterized by age inappropriate, impaired social communication and the presence of stereotypic behavior. This disorder is hypothesized to result from cerebral dysfunction arising from a complex interaction between genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. ASD should be suspected in children failing ASD specific screening tests, in the presence of red flags in social, language and/or play domains, in children with developmental or language delay, abnormal behavior, poor school performance or in those who are at high risk...
January 19, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099326/implementation-of-a-needs-based-online-feedback-tool-for-anesthesia-residents-with-subsequent-mapping-of-the-feedback-to-the-acgme-milestones
#2
Pedro Tanaka, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Kim Walker, Jennifer Zocca, Lena Scotto, Alyssa L Bogetz, Alex Macario
BACKGROUND: Optimizing feedback that residents receive from faculty is important for learning. The goals of this study were to (1) conduct focus groups of anesthesia residents to define what constitutes optimal feedback; (2) develop, test, and implement a web-based feedback tool; and (3) then map the contents of the written comments collected on the feedback tool to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) anesthesiology milestones. METHODS: All 72 anesthesia residents in the program were invited to participate in 1 of 5 focus groups scheduled over a 2-month period...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092464/expectations-for-treatment-in-pediatric-weight-management-and-relationship-to-attrition
#3
Erinn T Rhodes, Richard E Boles, Kimberly Chin, Amy Christison, Elizabeth Getzoff Testa, Kimberly Guion, Mary Jane Hawkins, Carter R Petty, Bethany Sallinen Gaffka, Melissa Santos, Laura Shaffer, Jared Tucker, Sarah E Hampl
BACKGROUND: Attrition in pediatric weight management negatively impacts treatment outcomes. A potentially modifiable contributor to attrition is unmet family expectations. This study aimed to evaluate the association between adolescent and parent/guardian treatment expectations and attrition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, uncontrolled, single-arm pilot trial was conducted among 12 pediatric weight management programs in the Children's Hospital Association's FOCUS on a Fitter Future collaborative...
January 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089520/the-association-between-family-caregivers-involvement-in-managing-older-adults-medications-and-caregivers-information-seeking-behavior
#4
Marwa Noureldin, Matthew M Murawski, Holly L Mason, Gerald C Hyner, Kimberly S Plake
OBJECTIVES: 1) To explore the association between family caregivers' involvement in managing care recipients' medications and their information-seeking behavior related to caregiving; and 2) to examine the sources used by caregivers when seeking information. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data from 2 national studies, the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) and its supplement, the National Study of Caregiving (NSOC), was conducted...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086848/using-intervention-mapping-to-develop-the-parents-as-agents-of-change-pac-%C3%A2-intervention-for-managing-pediatric-obesity
#5
Geoff D C Ball, Aislin R Mushquash, Rachel A Keaschuk, Kathryn A Ambler, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity has become increasingly prevalent over recent decades. In view of the psychosocial and physical health risks, and the high likelihood that children with obesity will grow to become adults with obesity, there is a clear need to develop evidence-based interventions that can be delivered in the health care system to optimize the health and well-being of children with obesity and their families. The aim of this paper is to describe the development, implementation, and planned evaluation of a parent-based weight management intervention designed for parents of 8-12 year olds with obesity...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076667/effectiveness-of-antipsychotic-drugs-for-24-month-maintenance-treatment-in-first-episode-schizophrenia-evidence-from-a-community-based-real-world-study
#6
Chen Zhang, Mei-Juan Chen, Guo-Jun Wu, Zuo-Wei Wang, Shun-Zeng Rao, Yi Zhang, Zheng-Hui Yi, Wei-Min Yang, Ke-Ming Gao, Li-Sheng Song
OBJECTIVE: Maintenance treatment of schizophrenia with antipsychotic medications has become a standard for the prevention of psychotic relapse. However, little is known about the effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs for maintenance treatment in "real-world" populations with schizophrenia. We carried out a prospective study to assess the effectiveness of the most frequently prescribed antipsychotic drugs in the maintenance treatment of schizophrenia from 2 community settings. METHODS: This study was conducted from October 2011 to December 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075346/automated-surveillance-of-fruit-flies
#7
Ilyas Potamitis, Iraklis Rigakis, Nicolaos-Alexandros Tatlas
Insects of the Diptera order of the Tephritidae family cause costly, annual crop losses worldwide. Monitoring traps are important components of integrated pest management programs used against fruit flies. Here we report the modification of typical, low-cost plastic traps for fruit flies by adding the necessary optoelectronic sensors to monitor the entrance of the trap in order to detect, time-stamp, GPS tag, and identify the species of incoming insects from the optoacoustic spectrum analysis of their wingbeat...
January 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068149/moderating-factors-influencing-adoption-of-a-mobile-chronic-disease-management-system-in-china
#8
Zhangxiang Zhu, Yongmei Liu, Xiaoling Che, Xiaohong Chen
Mobile chronic disease management systems (MCDMS) have become increasingly important in recent years, but in China, challenges remain for their adoption. Existing empirical studies have not completely explored the adoption behavior of potential MCDMS users. This article presents a study in which we investigated factors that influence chronically ill patients in China and their families to adopt or decline to use MCDMS. We applied a research model based on the technology acceptance model (TAM) as well as four contextual constructs (perceived disease threat, perceived risk, initial trust, and technology anxiety) to a survey of 279 potential MCDMS service participants in China...
January 9, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061521/quality-of-life-after-surgical-treatment-for-esophageal-atresia-long-term-outcome-of-154-patients
#9
Alice Catherine Hölscher, Michael Laschat, Vera Choinitzki, Nadine Zwink, Ekkehart Jenetzky, Oliver Münsterer, Ralf Kurz, Marcus Pauly, Ulrike Brokmeier, Andreas Leutner, Benno Ure, Martin Lacher, Johannes Schumacher, Heiko Reutter, Thomas Michael Boemers
Background The short- and long-term surgical results in patients with esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) have been described in depth from a physician's perspective. Contrarily, the perception and coping strategies of affected patients and their parents have rarely been reported. The aim of this study was to generate data on this matter. Patients and Methods A total of 154 patients who had operative reconstruction for EA between 1971 and 2012 were evaluated for demographic data, surgical technique, affection of daily life, and coping strategies...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060960/proximal-association-of-land-management-preferences-evidence-from-family-forest-owners
#10
Francisco X Aguilar, Zhen Cai, Brett Butler
Individual behavior is influenced by factors intrinsic to the decision-maker but also associated with other individuals and their ownerships with such relationship intensified by geographic proximity. The land management literature is scarce in the spatially integrated analysis of biophysical and socio-economic data. Localized land management decisions are likely driven by spatially-explicit but often unobserved resource conditions, influenced by an individual's own characteristics, proximal lands and fellow owners...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060554/current-molecular-and-genetic-aspects-of-pancreatic-cancer-the-role-of-metastasis-associated-proteins-mta-a-review
#11
Efstathios T Pavlidis, Theodoros E Pavlidis
: Purpose/aim: To focus on current molecular and genetic aspects and MTA proteins, since pancreatic cancer is a lethal malignant with poor prognosis. Early diagnosis is essential step, contributing to potential curative resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed search of relevant articles published up to August 2016 was performed to identify current information about pancreatic cancer regarding molecular biomarkers, with emphasis on carcinogenesis, novel therapeutic targets, and MTA proteins...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056000/adverse-health-effects-associated-with-living-in-a-former-methamphetamine-drug-laboratory-victoria-australia-2015
#12
Jackie Wright, Michaela E Kenneally, John W Edwards, G Stewart Walker
The manufacture of methamphetamine in clandestine drug laboratories occurs in various locations, including residential houses and apartments. Unlike the controlled manufacture of chemicals and drugs, clandestine manufacture results in the uncontrolled storage, use, generation, and disposal of a wide range of chemicals and the deposit of methamphetamine drug residues on indoor surfaces (1). These residues have been found at high levels on porous and nonporous surfaces and have been shown to persist for months to years (1)...
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045288/examining-the-impact-of-differential-cultural-adaptation-with-latina-o-immigrants-exposed-to-adapted-parent-training-interventions
#13
J Rubén Parra-Cardona, Deborah Bybee, Cris M Sullivan, Melanie M Domenech Rodríguez, Brian Dates, Lisa Tams, Guillermo Bernal
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of empirical studies aimed at examining the impact of differential cultural adaptation of evidence-based clinical and prevention interventions. This prevention study consisted of a randomized controlled trial aimed at comparing the impact of 2 differentially culturally adapted versions of the evidence-based parenting intervention known as Parent Management Training, the Oregon Model (PMTOR). METHOD: The sample consisted of 103 Latina/o immigrant families (190 individual parents)...
January 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039559/the-feasibility-of-a-web-intervention-for-military-and-veteran-spouses-concerned-about-their-partner-s-alcohol-misuse
#14
Karen Chan Osilla, Eric R Pedersen, Anagha Tolpadi, Stefanie Stern Howard, Jessica L Phillips, Kristie L Gore
Concerned partners (CPs) of military service members and veterans with alcohol misuse face significant help-seeking barriers. We adapted the Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) intervention into a 4-session web-based intervention (WBI) called Partners Connect. The program aims to help the CP increase their own well-being, teach the CP how to manage his/her behavior (e.g., communication) toward their partner, and identify ways the CP can help their partner reduce drinking and seek treatment. We recruited CPs through social media, and then tested the feasibility and acceptance of the WBI by conducting qualitative interviews and post-WBI session surveys after their WBI sessions...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033662/sociocultural-aspects-of-disorders-of-sex-development
#15
REVIEW
Annastasia Ediati, Nani Maharani, Agustini Utari
Disorders of sex development (DSD) is a congenital condition in which the development of chromosomes, gonads, hormones, and reproductive structures are atypical. DSD brings with it a psychological impact on the affected individual and their families. The consensus statement on management of DSD strongly advised an integrated and multidisciplinary approach in providing care to the affected individuals. Studies have been conducted focusing on medical intervention, and more recently, there is increasing attention paid to psychological aspects of DSD...
December 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part C, Embryo Today: Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028085/diversity-and-resource-use-patterns-of-anthophile-insects-in-cuatro-ci%C3%A3-negas-coahuila-mexico
#16
Omar Ávalos-Hernández, Zenón Cano-Santana, Marysol Trujano-Ortega, Uri Omar García-Vázquez
Bees and flies are the main pollinators responsible for the maintenance of plant diversity and crop production. Studies of pollinator communities have focused on bees; however, community structures may vary among groups of pollinators. We describe and compare the diversity and resource use patterns of six Apoidea and two Diptera anthophile families in Cuatro Ciénegas in the northeast of Mexico. We sampled insects in two distinct geographic units (valley and mountains) and two seasons (rainy and dry). Spatial and temporal patterns in species composition and abundance of these families were identified and the diversity in each family compared...
December 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017516/inappropriate-sexual-behaviors-among-community-dwelling-patients-with-dementia
#17
Marco Canevelli, Flaminia Lucchini, Carlo Garofalo, Giuseppina Talarico, Alessandro Trebbastoni, Fabrizia D'Antonio, Letizia Imbriano, Patrizia Velotti, Carlo de Lena, Marina Gasparini, Giuseppe Bruno
OBJECTIVE: Inappropriate sexual behaviors (ISBs) represent challenging and stressful manifestations of dementia and are highly burdening for patients, families, and healthcare providers. Nevertheless, ISBs have so far attracted limited clinical and scientific interest compared with other neuropsychiatric symptoms occurring in dementing illnesses. The authors aimed to systematically investigate the prevalence and characteristics of ISBs in a population of patients with dementia attending a memory clinic...
December 2, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012680/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-related-to-hypertension-and-hyperlipidemia-self-management-among-african-american-men-living-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#18
Everett Long, Monica Ponder, Stephanie Bernard
OBJECTIVE: Perceptions of illness affect cardiovascular disease (CVD) self-management. This study explores knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding hypertension and hyperlipidemia management among 34 of African-American men with hypertension and/or hyperlipidemia, age 40-65, living in the Southeastern United States. METHODS: In-person focus groups were conducted using semi-structured interview questions informed by the Health Belief Model (HBM). RESULTS: Participants had a high level of knowledge about hypertension self-management, but less about cholesterol self-management...
December 16, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012399/chinese-adolescents-reports-of-covert-parental-monitoring-comparisons-with-overt-monitoring-and-links-with-information-management
#19
Skyler T Hawk
This study compared Chinese adolescents' reports of covert parental monitoring with the overt strategies of solicitation and control. We investigated these behaviors in terms of unique associations with adolescents' perceived privacy invasion and the information management behaviors of disclosure and secrecy. High school students (N = 455, 61.5% female; Mage = 17.39, SD = 0.83) from a predominantly rural province of Mainland China reported a high incidence of covert monitoring (60.40%). Covert monitoring predicted privacy invasion more strongly than solicitation or control...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009723/adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-review-of-outcomes-social-attainment-and-interventions
#20
Kenneth K Poon, Dalvin J K Sidhu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the increasing incidence of individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders, there is a need to develop programs to support them throughout their lifespan but research in adulthood support is still scarce. This article aims to provide an up-to-date review of the research on the core characteristics of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), social attainments, and efforts to improve their outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: The core social communication impairments continue into adulthood among persons with ASD, but the restrictive, repetitive patterns of behavior and activities have received less attention...
December 21, 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
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