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Behavioral Family management

Harshini Manohar, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Preeti Kandasamy, Venkatesh Chandrasekaran, Ravi Philip Rajkumar
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder commonly associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the prevalence ranging from 14-70%. The current study attempted to assess the impact of comorbid ADHD in children with ASD, in terms of challenges in diagnosis, treatment, intervention outcomes and parental stress and coping through a naturalistic design. METHODS: Fifty children aged 2-6 years with ASD were recruited, assessed and followed up for six months...
March 2, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Brenda Si Elias, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Betty Head, Geoffrey G Hicks
Translating to the Community (T2C) is a social bio-repository designed to advance new diagnostic tools and realign community-clinical processes, with the aim to mitigate the short-and-long term impacts of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), prenatal alcohol exposure, and its co-morbidities and behaviors. In this paper, we describe the evolution of this repository as a new translational partnership to advance a precision medicine approach to FASD. Key to its evolution was a partnership between academic researchers, Indigenous communities, families and a regional diagnostic clinic...
March 15, 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
Peng He, Patamarerk Engsontia, Guang-Lei Chen, Qian Yin, Jun Wang, Xu Lu, Ya-Nan Zhang, Zhao-Qun Li, Ming He
BACKGROUND: The white-backed planthopper (WBPH) Sogatella furcifera Horváth, the brown planthopper (BPH) Nilaparvata lugens, and the small brown planthopper (SBPH) Laodelphax striatellus (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) are rice pests that damage rice plants by sap-sucking and by transmitting viruses. Host-seeking behavior involves chemosensory receptor genes, which include odorant receptors (ORs), ionotropic receptors (IRs) and gustatory receptors (GRs). RESULTS: We used genome and transcriptome data to identify 141 ORs, 28 GRs and 25 IRs in BPH, 135 ORs, 18 GRs and 16 IRs in WBPH and 37 ORs, 14 GRs and 6 IRs in SBPH...
March 15, 2018: Pest Management Science
Ana Paula Corrêa de Queiroz Herkrath, Fernando José Herkrath, Maria Augusta Bessa Rebelo, Mario Vianna Vettore
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the structural and intermediary determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among adults with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P). DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with patients enrolled at the referral center for craniofacial anomalies in Manaus, Brazil. Adults aged 18 years or more with nonsyndromic CL/P were selected. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Both HRQoL and OHRQoL were assessed using the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey and the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
David W Morris, Subroto Ghose, Ella Williams, Kevin Brown, Fuad Khan
Introduction: Hospital emergency departments (EDs) around the country are being challenged by an ever-increasing volume of patients seeking psychiatric services. This manuscript describes a study performed to identify internal and external factors contributing to repeated psychiatric patient admissions to the hospital main ED. Methods: Data from ED visits of patients who were admitted to the Parkland Memorial Hospital ED (the community hospital for Dallas County, TX, USA) with a psychiatric complaint more than once within a 30-day period were evaluated (n=202)...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Marisa E Hilliard, Sahar S Eshtehardi, Charles G Minard, Rana Saber, Debbe Thompson, Lefkothea P Karaviti, Yuliana Rojas, Barbara J Anderson
BACKGROUND: Supportive parent involvement for adolescents' type 1 diabetes (T1D) self-management promotes optimal diabetes outcomes. However, family conflict is common and can interfere with collaborative family teamwork. Few interventions have used explicitly strengths-based approaches to help reinforce desired management behaviors and promote positive family interactions around diabetes care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this protocol was to describe the development of a new, strengths-based behavioral intervention for parents of adolescents with T1D delivered via a mobile-friendly Web app called Type 1 Doing Well...
March 13, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Emee Vida Estacio, Lavinia Nathan, Joanne Protheroe
Parents play a vital role in promoting children's health. The parental health literacy skills are important since the decisions they make can have an impact on other family members' health and well-being. Using an assets-based approach, this project aimed to explore the skills parents use to communicate health messages with their children and how they manage their family's health. Six adult parents of children aged 0-16 years old took part in this photovoice study. The thematic analysis suggests that tapping into the creativity of parents through the gamification of health messages and encouraging children's independence are effective ways to promote healthy behaviors...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Savanna M Tierney, Steven Paul Woods, Michael Weinborn, Romola S Bucks
OBJECTIVES: Apathy is common in older adults and has been linked to adverse health outcomes. The current study examined whether apathy contributes to problems managing activities of daily living (ADLs) and lower quality of life (QoL) in older adults. METHOD: Participants included 83 community-dwelling older adults. Apathy was assessed using a composite of the self and family-rating scales from the Frontal Systems Behavioral Scale (FrSBe). A knowledgeable informant completed the Activities of Daily Living Questionnaire (ADLQ), and participants completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQol) scale...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Abdul Waheed, Michael Malone, Samiullah Samiullah
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common among children and cause tremendous distress for patients and families. Family physicians should know how to diagnose and manage some of the more common childhood FGIDs. These include infant regurgitation, infant colic, infant dyschezia, cyclic vomiting syndrome, functional nausea and vomiting, functional diarrhea and constipation, abdominal migraine, and nonspecific functional abdominal pain. Diagnosis requires a thorough history and physical examination to rule out red flag signs and symptoms for structural or organic etiologies...
March 2018: FP Essentials
Deborah A Perlick, Carlos Jackson, Savannah Grier, Brittney Huntington, Andrew Aronson, Xiaodong Luo, David J Miklowitz
OBJECTIVES: Caregivers of people with bipolar disorder often have depression and health problems. This study aimed to evaluate the sustained effects of a 12-15 week psychoeducational intervention on the health and mental health of caregivers of persons with bipolar disorder. We also evaluated the effects of the intervention on patients' mood symptoms over 6 months post-treatment. METHODS: Caregivers of 46 persons with bipolar disorder were randomized to 12-15 weeks of a caregiver-only adaptation of family-focused treatment (FFT), in which caregivers were instructed on self-care strategies and ways to assist the patient in managing the illness, or to 8-12 sessions of standard health education...
March 12, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
Jessica Olson, Suzette Svoboda-Newman, Kristen Gardner-Volle, Mark McNally, Erin Fabian, Cheryl Maurana
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, up to 40% of annual deaths are due to preventable, modifiable risk factors (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2014). Evidence in the literature suggests that increased knowledge and engagement is a critical step in preventing disease and improving health behaviors (Health Promotion International 15(3):259-267, 2000; Risk Manag Healthc Policy 3:61-72, 2010; Urology 61(2):308-313, 2003). Educational seminars, titled Conversations with Scientists, are offered twice per year by the Advancing a Healthier Wisconsin Endowment with the goal of helping community members, patients, and families inform themselves and others about science and health...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Eun Gyeong Kim
Objectives: To examine health behaviors among Korean adolescents with a focus on both individual and school-based factors, specifically in relation to predictors of high-risk groups. Methods: Secondary data analysis was conducted with data from the 8th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey, using descriptive statistics, t tests, χ2 test, and multilevel logistic regression analysis. Health Practice Index was calculated and a range of 0 to 2 was classified as a high-risk group...
January 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Ji Hyoun Kang, Chang Seob Lim, Sung Hwan Park, Sang Woo Seok, Tae Joong Yoon, Badamdorj Bayartogtokh, Yeon Jae Bae
Populations of Gymnopleurus mopsus (family Scarabaeidae), a dung beetle that displays dung-rolling behavior (i.e., a telecoprid), have recently experienced sharp declines, and many populations are now at high risk of local extinction. However, Mongolia, which constitutes a major portion of the species' distribution, still sustains a relatively large population. Here, we used mitochondrial COI sequences to investigate the within-population genetic diversity and both the genetic and phylogeographic structures of 24 G...
March 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Judith G Huis In Het Veld, Renate Verkaik, Berno van Meijel, Paul-Jeroen Verkade, Wendy Werkman, Cees M P M Hertogh, Anneke L Francke
The current article discusses how and by whom family caregivers want to be supported in self-management when managing changes in behavior and mood of relatives with dementia and whether family caregivers consider eHealth a useful tool for self-management support. Four asynchronous online focus groups were held with 32 family caregivers of individuals with dementia. Transcripts of the online focus groups were analyzed using qualitative thematic analysis. Family caregivers need support from professionals or peers in the form of (a) information about dementia and its symptoms, (b) tips and advice on managing changes in behavior and mood, (c) opportunities to discuss experiences and feelings, and (d) appreciation and acknowledgement of caregiving...
March 1, 2018: Research in Gerontological Nursing
Lixin Song, Kaitlyn L Dunlap, Xianming Tan, Ronald C Chen, Matthew E Nielsen, Rebecca L Rabenberg, Josephine K Asafu-Adjei, Bridget F Koontz, Sarah A Birken, Laurel L Northouse, Deborah K Mayer
BACKGROUND: This project explores a new model of care that enhances survivorship care planning and promotes health for men with localized prostate cancer transitioning to posttreatment self-management. Survivorship care planning is important for patients with prostate cancer because of its high incidence rate in the United States, the frequent occurrence of treatment-related side effects, and reduced quality of life (QOL) for both men and their partners. A key component of comprehensive survivorship care planning is survivorship care plans (SCPs), documents that summarize cancer diagnosis, treatment, and plans for follow-up care...
February 26, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Tatiana Andreyeva, Erica L Kenney, Meghan O'Connell, Xiaohan Sun, Kathryn E Henderson
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the dietary quality of lunches and feeding practices (family-style service, teacher role modeling) in Connecticut child care centers and made comparisons by center participation in the federal Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP). DESIGN: Plate waste methods and visual observation of lunches served and consumed. SETTING: A total of 97 randomly selected licensed Connecticut child care centers (53 CACFP and 44 non-CACFP)...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Shervin S Churchill, Michael C Leo, Eileen M Brennan, Claudia Sellmaier, Judy Kendall, Gail M Houck
Objective Evaluate the efficacy of a 12 month nursing case-management intervention over a period of 18 months, 6 months after the end of intervention, for families of children attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods Mother and child dyads were enrolled to participate in a randomized controlled clinical trial. Children were 4-18 years old. Data were collected at baseline, 6, 12, and 18 months or 6 months after the termination of direct intervention. Longitudinal analyses, using generalized estimating equations, were conducted to assess change in study outcomes relating to family function, maternal stress, and child behavior over the 18 month period...
February 23, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
José Anchieta C C Nunes, Yuri Costa, Daniel T Blumstein, Antoine O H C Leduc, Antônio C Dorea, Larissa J Benevides, Cláudio L S Sampaio, Francisco Barros
Escape behaviors have a great potential as an indicator of the efficacy of management. For instance, the degree of fear perceived by fishes targeted by fisheries is frequently higher in unprotected marine areas than in areas where some protection is provided. We systematically reviewed the literature on how fear, which we define as variation in escape behavior, was quantified in reef fishes. In the past 25 years, a total of 33 studies were identified, many of which were published within the last five years and nearly 40% of those (n = 13) focused on Indo-Pacific reefs, showing that there are still many geographical gaps...
February 12, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Kate Magsamen-Conrad, Jeanette M Dillon, China Billotte Verhoff, Sandra L Faulkner
There are myriad technological devices, computer programs, and online information sources available for people to manage their health and the health of others. However, people must be technologically and health literate and capable of accessing, analyzing, and sharing the information they encounter. The authors interviewed middle-aged and older adults about their online health information seeking behavior and discovered that technology and health literacy are influenced by a collective ability to manage the health and technological needs of a family...
February 23, 2018: Health Communication
Elizabeth Radcliff, Elizabeth Crouch, Melissa Strompolis
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are traumatic events that occur in a child's life between birth and 18 years. Exposure to one or more ACE has been linked to participation in risky health behaviors and the experience of chronic health conditions in adulthood. The risk for poor outcomes increases as the number of ACEs experienced increases. This research investigates rural-urban differences in exposure to ACEs using a sample from a representative southern US state, South Carolina...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
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