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Behavioral Family management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339996/fathers-perceptions-of-change-following-parenting-intervention-randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-for-parents-of-children-with-asthma-or-eczema1
#1
Alina Morawska, Amy E Mitchell, Scott Burgess, Jennifer Fraser
 To test whether families' participation in an evidence-based parenting program can improve health-related outcomes reported by fathers of 2- to 10-year-old children with asthma and/or eczema.  A 2 (Triple P-Positive Parenting Program vs. care as usual) by 3 (baseline, postintervention, 6-month follow-up) design was used, with random group assignment. Of 107 families, 51.4% ( N  = 55) had a father participate alongside the child's mother, who was the primary intervention target. Fathers completed questionnaires assessing illness-related child behavior problems; self-efficacy with illness management and illness-related child behavior problems; and health-related quality of life...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333531/randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-for-parents-of-children-with-asthma-or-eczema-effects-on-parenting-and-child-behavior
#2
Alina Morawska, Amy Mitchell, Scott Burgess, Jennifer Fraser
OBJECTIVE: Parents play an important role in children's illness management, in promoting child adjustment and reducing behavior problems. Little research has focused on the evaluation of parenting interventions in the context of childhood chronic illness. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of a brief, group parenting intervention (Healthy Living Triple P) in improving parenting skills and parent adjustment, and reducing child behavioral and emotional difficulties in the context of childhood asthma and eczema...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331454/family-based-behavioral-treatment-for-childhood-obesity-caretaker-reported-barriers-and-facilitators
#3
Amanda E Staiano, Arwen M Marker, James Comeaux, Johannah M Frelier, Daniel S Hsia, Stephanie T Broyles
BACKGROUND: Family-based behavioral treatments are effective ways to promote children's weight management through healthy eating and exercise. However, programs typically have high attrition and low attendance. The aim of this study was to obtain in-depth caregiver input on barriers and facilitators to participate in a family-based, behavioral childhood obesity treatment program. METHODS: Three focus groups were facilitated among 21 parents/guardians at 2 school-based health centers and 1 federally qualified health center...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322650/parental-feeding-behaviors-and-weight-related-concerns-in-children-with-special-needs
#4
Michele Polfuss, Pippa Simpson, Rachel Neff Greenley, Liyun Zhang, Kathleen J Sawin
Parental feeding behaviors and concern about child weight are associated with obesity among youth who are typically developing. Little is known about this relationship among parents of youth with special needs, despite these children having higher obesity risk. This study used an online survey to explore associations among parental feeding behaviors, parent weight concerns, demographics, and child weight status in a sample of 356 parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, spina bifida, and Down syndrome...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320340/incorporating-nonlinearity-into-mediation-analyses
#5
George J Knafl, Kathleen A Knafl, Margaret Grey, Jane Dixon, Janet A Deatrick, Agatha M Gallo
BACKGROUND: Mediation is an important issue considered in the behavioral, medical, and social sciences. It addresses situations where the effect of a predictor variable X on an outcome variable Y is explained to some extent by an intervening, mediator variable M. Methods for addressing mediation have been available for some time. While these methods continue to undergo refinement, the relationships underlying mediation are commonly treated as linear in the outcome Y, the predictor X, and the mediator M...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299300/the-health-seeking-behaviors-and-perceptions-of-iranian-patient-with-osteoarthritis-about-pain-management-a-qualitative-study
#6
Vahid Zamanzadeh, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Marjaneh Foolady, Mozhgan Behshid, Alireza Irajpoor
Introduction: Pain is the main reason for patients with osteoarthritis (OA) to visit health clinics. Health seeking behaviors indicate unmet patient needs and lack of understanding of OA pain patterns. This study aimed to describe the experiences of Iranian patients with OA and explore their health seeking behaviors and perceptions on pain management related to osteoarthritis. Methods: Using a qualitative approach, data was collected by interviewing 19 patients, 2 family members, and 5 health care providers from the in-patient and out-patient clinics, and physicians' offices...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293145/nursing-home-nurses-and-community-dwelling-older-adults-reported-knowledge-attitudes-and-behavior-toward-antibiotic-use
#7
Christine E Kistler, Anna Beeber, Sylvia Becker-Dreps, Kimberly Ward, Megan Meade, Brittany Ross, Philip D Sloane
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic overuse causes antibiotic resistance, one of the most important threats to human health. Older adults, particularly those in nursing homes, often receive antibiotics when they are not indicated. METHODS: To understand knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of nursing home (NH) nurses and community-dwelling older adults towards antibiotic use, especially in clinical situations consistent with antibiotic overuse, we conducted a mixed-method survey in two NHs and one Family Medicine clinic in North Carolina, among English-speaking nurses and community-dwelling, cognitively intact adults aged 65 years or older...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292985/binding-of-candida-albicans-to-human-ceacam1-and-ceacam6-modulates-the-inflammatory-response-of-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#8
Esther Klaile, Mario M Müller, Miriam R Schäfer, Ann-Katrin Clauder, Sabina Feer, Kerstin A Heyl, Magdalena Stock, Tilman E Klassert, Peter F Zipfel, Bernhard B Singer, Hortense Slevogt
Candida albicans colonizes human mucosa, including the gastrointestinal tract, as a commensal. In immunocompromised patients, C. albicans can breach the intestinal epithelial barrier and cause fatal invasive infections. Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1; CD66a), CEACAM5 (CEA), and CEACAM6 (CD66c) are immunomodulatory receptors expressed on human mucosa and are recruited by bacterial and viral pathogens. Here we show for the first time that a fungal pathogen (i.e., C. albicans) also binds directly to the extracellular domain of human CEACAM1, CEACAM3, CEACAM5, and CEACAM6...
March 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292304/design-and-implementation-of-electronic-health-record-integrated-clinical-prediction-rules-icpr-a-randomized-trial-in-diverse-primary-care-settings
#9
David A Feldstein, Rachel Hess, Thomas McGinn, Rebecca G Mishuris, Lauren McCullagh, Paul D Smith, Michael Flynn, Joseph Palmisano, Gheorghe Doros, Devin Mann
BACKGROUND: Clinical prediction rules (CPRs) represent a method of determining individual patient risk to help providers make more accurate decisions at the point of care. Well-validated CPRs are underutilized but may decrease antibiotic overuse for acute respiratory infections. The integrated clinical prediction rules (iCPR) study builds on a previous single clinic study to integrate two CPRs into the electronic health record and assess their impact on practice. This article discusses study design and implementation of a multicenter cluster randomized control trial of the iCPR clinical decision support system, including the tool adaptation, usability testing, staff training, and implementation study to disseminate iCPR at multiple clinical sites across two health care systems...
March 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291525/gradual-weaning-and-oral-care-management-of-prolonged-breast-feeding%C3%A2-based-on-family-preferences
#10
Purnima Hernandez, April N Kisamore
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: There are no guidelines about when breast-feeding (BF) should be discontinued. In addition, investigators have not examined patient-provider communication regarding weaning strategies based on function and oral care management during prolonged BF. CASE DESCRIPTION: Suggestions to wean do not include strategies about how to achieve discontinuance. The authors conducted this case study to assist care providers in facilitation of such discussions with parents to minimize the risk of developing dental caries in older children who are breast-fed...
March 10, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284019/perspectives-on-hypertension-in-the-new-england-cape-verdean-community
#11
Samantha DeAndrade, Fadya El Rayess, Roberta Goldman
This study characterizes patient understanding of hypertension and its management in a Cape Verdean immigrant community. We conducted 20 semi-structured interviews with Cape Verdean Creole-speaking adults about their beliefs and behaviors regarding hypertension. Fourteen women and six men ages 35-87 were interviewed. The majority of the participants believed hypertension is symptomatic, with headache being the most common symptom. Many reported taking anti-hypertensive medication, though some took medication only when they felt symptoms...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277114/interdisciplinary-consensus-on-management-of-premenstrual-disorders-in-switzerland
#12
Petra Stute, Christine Bodmer, Ulrike Ehlert, Roger Eltbogen, Ankica Ging, Isabelle Streuli, Michael von Wolff
Premenstrual disorders (PMD) can affect women throughout their entire reproductive years. In 2016, an interdisciplinary expert meeting of general gynecologists, gynecological endocrinologists, psychiatrists and psychologists from Switzerland was held to provide an interdisciplinary algorithm on PMD management taking reproductive stages into account. The Swiss PMD algorithm differentiates between primary and secondary PMD care providers incorporating different levels of diagnostic and treatment. Treatment options include cognitive behavioral therapy, alternative therapy, antidepressants, ovulation suppression and diuretics...
March 2, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274132/outcomes-of-music-therapy-interventions-on-symptom-management-in-palliative-medicine-patients
#13
Lisa M Gallagher, Ruth Lagman, Lisa Rybicki
PURPOSE: Evidence has demonstrated the positive effects of music therapy on symptom management for palliative medicine patients. Previous studies have addressed patient needs, with limited discussion involving the relationship between interventions utilized to improve symptoms. The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of music therapy sessions; identify common music therapy goals and interventions and assess their effect; and investigate the effects of gender, age, and type of cancer on symptoms in patients who experienced music therapy...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266338/vocally-disruptive-behaviors-management-in-older-people-with-dementia
#14
Caroline Berastegui, Emmanuel Monfort, Bertrand Boudin
Although shouting is a common psycho-behavioral symptom in geriatric institutions, the question of its assessment and treatment remains seldom studied and has rarely been the subject of specific recommendations. The combination of the focus group method and brainstorming has emerged as a methodology both relevant and feasible in geriatric facility to identify the coping strategies used by professionals and generalize guidelines for clinical observation and vocally disruptive behaviors management (shouting)...
March 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264988/maltreatment-risk-among-children-with-disabilities
#15
Miriam J Maclean, Scott Sims, Carol Bower, Helen Leonard, Fiona J Stanley, Melissa O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: Children with disabilities are at increased risk of child maltreatment; however, there is a gap in the evidence about whether all disabilities are at equal risk and whether risk factors vary according to the type of disability. METHODS: A population-based record-linkage study of all children born in Western Australia between 1990 and 2010. Children with disabilities were identified by using population-based registers and risk of maltreatment determined by allegations reported to the Department for Child Protection and Family Support...
March 6, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262973/trouble-in-transit-organizational-barriers-to-workers-health
#16
Nicole P Bowles, Bruce S McEwen, Carla Boutin-Foster
BACKGROUND: Valuable insights on the health and behavior of transit workers can be obtained from qualitative research that considers the social environment, which affects job performance and determines levels of perceived stress. METHODS: Using a grounded theory approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted with American transit workers (n = 32). Recorded interviews were transcribed and analyzed using a constant comparative method. RESULTS: Participants described categories related to entrenched organizational practices, particularly managements' leadership style, which created an atmosphere of distrust...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261120/the-desire-of-parenthood-intuitive-co-parental-behaviors-and-quality-of-couple-relationship-among-italian-and-belgian-same-sex-and-opposite-sex-couples
#17
Marina Miscioscia, Adelaide Blavier, Paolo R Pagone, Alessandra Simonelli
Studies that focused on family issues have allowed a great understanding of the aspects related to its subsystems, such as parenting desire and its expectations, couples' satisfaction and quality of child's outcomes. All these aspects are greatly interconnected and contribute to the creation of specific family dynamics, such as the quality of family interactions. The present study focuses on intuitive co-parental behaviors and the quality of couple relationship observed during the decision process (intention and desire) to be (or become) parents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260539/background-characteristics-and-treatment-related-factors-associated-with-treatment-success-or-failure-in-a-non-pharmacological-intervention-for-dementia-caregivers
#18
Karen C Rose, Laura N Gitlin
BACKGROUND: Non-pharmacological interventions for persons with dementia often rely on family caregivers for implementation. However, caregivers differ in their readiness to use strategies. This study examines dyadic characteristics and treatment-related mechanisms associated with treatment success (high readiness to use strategies) and failure (low readiness to use strategies) at the conclusion of the Advancing Caregiver Training (ACT) intervention. METHODS: Caregiver and person with dementia characteristics and treatment-related variables (treatment participation, number and type of strategies introduced and enacted) were examined in 110 caregivers in intervention...
March 6, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250997/oral-health-characteristics-and-dental-rehabilitation-of-children-with-global-developmental-delay
#19
Saurabh Kumar, Deepika Pai, Runki Saran
Global developmental delay (GDD) is a chronic neurological disturbance which includes defects in one or more developmental domains. The developmental domain can be motor, cognitive, daily activities, speech or language, and social or personal development. The etiology for GDD can be prenatal, perinatal, or postnatal. It can be diagnosed early in childhood as the delay or absence of one or more developmental milestones. Hence the role of pedodontist and pediatricians becomes more crucial in identifying this condition...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249862/show-your-stuff-and-watch-your-tone-nurses-caring-behaviors
#20
Ruth A Weyant, Lory Clukey, Melanie Roberts, Ann Henderson
BACKGROUND: Although it is perceived as essential, documentation of caring behaviors executed by nurses is rarely done. To facilitate what is important to patients and their family members, we need to understand what behaviors are perceived as caring or not caring. OBJECTIVE: To explore perceptions of nurses' caring behaviors among intubated patients and their family members. METHODS: A phenomenological study of 14 patients who were intubated, restrained, sedated, and received pain medication in an acute cardiovascular intensive care unit...
March 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
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