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Behavioral Family management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440662/step-tracking-with-goals-increases-children-s-weight-loss-in-behavioral-intervention
#1
Amanda E Staiano, Robbie A Beyl, Daniel S Hsia, Amber R Jarrell, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Savarra Mantzor, Robert L Newton, Patrice Tyson
BACKGROUND: This study examined the influence of step goals with pedometers to improve children's weight loss, physical activity, and psychosocial health during obesity treatment. METHODS: Overweight and obese children ages 8-17 years (n = 105) participated in a 10-week family-based weight management intervention, including physical activity, nutrition, and behavioral modification. A quasi-experimental design was used to group eight cohorts into three conditions: no pedometer (n = 24), pedometer only (n = 25), and pedometer with step goals (i...
April 25, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435337/treatment-strategies-for-the-female-athlete-triad-in-the-adolescent-athlete-current-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum, Erin Hammer
Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, female sports participation has dramatically increased. The benefits of physical activity, including decreased risk for heart disease and diabetes as well as improved body image and self-esteem, far outweigh the risks. However, a select population of adolescent and young adult females may experience symptoms related to the female athlete triad (Triad), which refers to the interrelatedness of energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density (BMD). These conditions often manifest clinically as disordered eating behaviors, menstrual irregularity, and stress fractures; an individual may suffer from 1 or all of the Triad components simultaneously...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428158/mobile-application-to-promote-adherence-to-oral-chemotherapy-and-symptom-management-a-protocol-for-design-and-development
#3
Joel Nathan Fishbein, Lauren Ellen Nisotel, James John MacDonald, Nicole Amoyal Pensak, Jamie Michele Jacobs, Clare Flanagan, Kamal Jethwani, Joseph Andrew Greer
BACKGROUND: Oral chemotherapy is increasingly used in place of traditional intravenous chemotherapy to treat patients with cancer. While oral chemotherapy includes benefits such as ease of administration, convenience, and minimization of invasive infusions, patients receive less oversight, support, and symptom monitoring from clinicians. Additionally, adherence is a well-documented challenge for patients with cancer prescribed oral chemotherapy regimens. With the ever-growing presence of smartphones and potential for efficacious behavioral intervention technology, we created a mobile health intervention for medication and symptom management...
April 20, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423861/a-digital-framework-to-support-providers-and-patients-in-diabetes-related-behavior-modification
#4
Samina Abidi, Michael Vallis, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Syed Ali Imran, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
We present Diabetes Web-Centric Information and Support Environment (D-WISE) that features: (a) Decision support tool to assist family physicians to administer Behavior Modification (BM) strategies to patients; and (b) Patient BM application that offers BM strategies and motivational interventions to engage patients. We take a knowledge management approach, using semantic web technologies, to model the social cognition theory constructs, Canadian diabetes guidelines and BM protocols used locally, in terms of a BM ontology that drives the BM decision support to physicians and BM strategy adherence monitoring and messaging to patients...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408435/neurturin-and-a-glp-1-analogue-act-synergistically-to-alleviate-diabetes-in-zucker-diabetic-fatty-rats
#5
James L Trevaskis, Chester Bittencourt Sacramento, Hani Jouihan, Safina Ali, John Le Lay, Stephanie Oldham, Nicholas Bhagroo, Brandon B Boland, Jennifer Cann, Yuan Chang, Terrence O'Day, Victor Howard, Christina Reers, Maria Sorhede Winzell, David M Smith, Michael Feigh, Pernille Barkholt, Kay Schreiter, Matthias Austen, Uwe Andag, Simon Thompson, Lutz Jermutus, Matthew P Coghlan, Joseph Grimsby, Cord Dohrmann, Christopher J Rhodes, Cristina M Rondinone, Arun Sharma
Neurturin (NRTN), a member of the glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family, was identified from an embryonic chicken pancreatic cDNA library in a screen for secreted factors. Here, we assessed the potential antidiabetic activities of NRTN relative to liraglutide, a GLP-1 receptor agonist, in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats. Subcutaneous administration of NRTN to 8-week-old male ZDF rats prevented the development of hyperglycemia and improved metabolic parameters similar to liraglutide. NRTN treatment increased pancreatic insulin content and β-cell mass, and prevented deterioration of islet organization...
April 13, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408361/design-of-a-mobile-app-for-nutrition-education-trec-lifestyle-and-formative-evaluation-with-families-of-overweight-children
#6
Silvia Gabrielli, Marco Dianti, Rosa Maimone, Marta Betta, Lorena Filippi, Monica Ghezzi, Stefano Forti
BACKGROUND: Nutrition and diet apps represent today a popular area of mobile health (mHealth), offering the possibility of delivering behavior change (BC) interventions for healthy eating and weight management in a scalable and cost-effective way. However, if commercial apps for pediatric weight management fail to retain users because of a lack of theoretical background and evidence-based content, mHealth apps that are more evidence-based are found less engaging and popular among consumers...
April 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402533/caregiver-perspectives-about-using-antipsychotics-and-other-medications-for-symptoms-of-dementia
#7
John William Kerns, Jonathan D Winter, Katherine M Winter, Christine C Kerns, Rebecca S Etz
Background and Objectives: To avoid "chemical restraints," policies and guidelines have been implemented to curb the use of medications for behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Antipsychotics have been particularly targeted because of their rare severe side effects. Consequently, caregiver directed non-pharmacologic therapies have increased while medication use for BPSD has diminished. Despite such initiatives, however, antipsychotics continue to be prescribed "off-label" for roughly 20% of nursing home patients...
April 11, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399973/barriers-to-tuberculosis-care-delivery-among-miners-and-their-families-in-south-africa-an-ethnographic-study
#8
L V Adams, D Basu, S W Grande, S R Craig, M T Patridge, N Panth, V Trump Redd, M Phalaste, A Singo, P Osewe, A G Mulley
SETTING: South African miners suffer the highest tuberculosis (TB) rates in the world. Current efforts to stem the epidemic are insufficient. Historical legacies and persistent disease burden demand innovative approaches to reshape health care delivery to better serve this population. OBJECTIVE: To characterize social and behavioral health determinants for successful TB care delivery and treatment from the perspective of miners/ex-miners, health care workers and policy makers/managers...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398852/two-pilot-randomized-trials-to-examine-feasibility-and-impact-of-treated-parents-as-peer-interventionists-in-family-based-pediatric-weight-management
#9
Brian E Saelens, Kelley Scholz, Kelly Walters, Jane M Simoni, Davene R Wright
BACKGROUND: To examine feasibility and initial efficacy of having previously treated parents serve as peer interventionists in family-based behavioral weight management treatment (FBT). METHODS: Children aged 7-11 years with overweight/obesity and parents (n = 59 families) were enrolled in one of two pilot trials, the EPICH (Engaging Parents in Child Health) randomized trial comparing professional versus peer FBT delivery or the Parent Partnership trial, which provided professionally delivered FBT to families (first generation) and then randomly assigned first generation parents to either be or not be peer interventionists for subsequent families (second generation)...
March 1, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392040/the-effect-of-guided-reflection-on-heart-failure-self-care-maintenance-and-management-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Kristen A Sethares, Marilyn E Asselin
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of structured, guided reflection on patient descriptions of self-care maintenance and management. BACKGROUND: Inadequate HF self-care behaviors are linked to hospitalizations. Symptom monitoring and recognition are precursors to adequate HF self-care. Reflection on actions taken during HF exacerbations may lead to insights and future changes in HF self-care maintenance and management. METHODS: One-group mixed method pre-test/post-test design...
April 6, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391881/transitioning-from-pediatric-to-adult-health-care-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia-listening-to-young-adult-and-parent-voices
#11
Samantha K Sliwinski, Holly Gooding, Sarah de Ferranti, Thomas I Mackie, Supriya Shah, Tully Saunders, Laurel K Leslie
BACKGROUND: Young adults with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) are at a critical period for establishing behaviors to promote future cardiovascular health. OBJECTIVE: To examine challenges transitioning to adult care for young adults with FH and parents of FH-affected young adults in the context of 2 developmental tasks, transitioning from childhood to early adulthood and assuming responsibility for self-management of a chronic disorder. METHODS: Semistructured, qualitative interviews were conducted with 12 young adults with FH and 12 parents of affected young adults from a pediatric subspecialty preventive cardiology program in a northeastern academic medical center...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390421/organizational-supports-used-by-private-child-and-family-serving-agencies-to-facilitate-evidence-use-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#12
Emmeline Chuang, Crystal Collins-Camargo, Bowen McBeath
BACKGROUND: Challenges to evidence use are well documented. Less well understood are the formal supports-e.g., technical infrastructure, inter-organizational relationships-organizations may put in place to help overcome these challenges. This study will identify supports for evidence use currently used by private child and family serving agencies delivering publicly funded behavioral health and/or human services; examine contextual, organizational, and managerial factors associated with use of such supports; and determine how identified supports affect evidence use by staff at multiple levels of the organization...
April 8, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385682/ethics-and-privacy-implications-of-using-the-internet-and-social-media-to-recruit-participants-for-health-research-a-privacy-by-design-framework-for-online-recruitment
#13
Jacqueline Lorene Bender, Alaina B Cyr, Luk Arbuckle, Lorraine E Ferris
BACKGROUND: The Internet and social media offer promising ways to improve the reach, efficiency, and effectiveness of recruitment efforts at a reasonable cost, but raise unique ethical dilemmas. We describe how we used social media to recruit cancer patients and family caregivers for a research study, the ethical issues we encountered, and the strategies we developed to address them. OBJECTIVE: Drawing on the principles of Privacy by Design (PbD), a globally recognized standard for privacy protection, we aimed to develop a PbD framework for online health research recruitment...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379816/improving-family-medicine-with-thoughtful-research
#14
EDITORIAL
Anne Victoria Neale, Marjorie A Bowman, Dean A Seehusen
This issue is about improving primary health care outcomes, from behavioral health to opioid issues to diagnosing hypertension to providing hope for childhood obesity. It includes hints for integrating behavioral health and care managers into family medicine practices. Opiate prescribing practices vary considerably between Japan and the United States, with helpful insights for our opiate abuse epidemic. Suicidality is high among patients taking opiates. Diagnosing hypertension the recommended way is not easily accomplished...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368271/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-evaluation-and-management-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Samir Dalwai, Jeeson Unni, Veena Kalra, Pratibha Singhi, Leena Shrivastava, M K C Nair
JUSTIFICATION: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent in children worldwide. Management of ADHD requires a systematic, multidisciplinary approach and thereby, evidence-based, standardized national guidelines are essential. PROCESS: A meeting for formulation of national consensus guidelines on neurodevelopmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai, on 18th and 19th December, 2015. The invited experts included Pediatricians, Developmental Pediatricians, Pediatric Neurologists, Psychiatrists, Remedial Educators and Clinical Psychologists...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366738/the-heartbreak-of-depression-psycho-cardiac-coupling-in-myocardial-infarction
#16
REVIEW
John P Headrick, Jason N Peart, Boris P Budiono, David H K Shum, David L Neumann, Nicolas J C Stapelberg
Ample evidence identifies strong links between major depressive disorder (MDD) and both risk of ischemic or coronary heart disease (CHD) and resultant morbidity and mortality. The molecular mechanistic bases of these linkages are poorly defined. Systemic factors linked to MDD, including vascular dysfunction, atherosclerosis, obesity and diabetes, together with associated behavioral changes, all elevate CHD risk. Nonetheless, experimental evidence indicates the myocardium is also directly modified in depression, independently of these factors, impairing infarct tolerance and cardioprotection...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366081/-the-role-of-primary-care-professionals-in-preventive-activitites-during-epidemics-focus-group-assessment-of-the-management-of-flu-pandemic-in-2009-2010
#17
Ferenc Hajnal, Csilla Busa, Renáta Papp, Sándor Balogh
INTRODUCTION: The experiences gained during the H1N1 flu pandemic in 2009/2010 could serve for a better planning and management of later outbreaks. AIM: The EU-sponsored TELL ME project aimed to provide evidence and develop models for improved risk communication during infectious disease crisis. Among its objectives was to develop original communication strategies regarding appropriate messages related to preventative behavior and advice based on uncertainties also addressing vaccine-resistant groups...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362676/behavioral-interventions-to-improve-asthma-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-recent-publications
#18
Giselle S Mosnaim, Esra Akkoyun, Joshua Eng, Madeleine U Shalowitz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma outcomes are influenced by factors at multiple ecological levels: the individual and his/her family, home, medical care, and community. This systematic review describes recently published single-level and multilevel behavioral interventions to improve asthma outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Of the 23 total title/abstracts reviewed in the original systematic search of PubMed, Ovid, Scopus, PsychINFO, and CIHAHL reference review databases, six met inclusion criteria...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353368/explicating-the-appraisal-dimension-of-the-communal-coping-model
#19
Erin D Basinger
The communal coping model argues that people cope with stress in the context of their relationships and that coping responses are both cognitive and behavioral in nature. However, the cognitive dimension of the model (appraisal) has not been explicated in extant research. The purpose of this study is to fill that gap by conceptualizing the appraisal dimension of communal coping in the context of families managing one member's type 2 diabetes. Analysis of interviews with individuals with type 2 diabetes and their family members (N = 28) revealed that appraisal consists of problem ownership and perceived problem influence and that appraisals are influenced by knowledge of the disease and changing health status...
March 29, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351293/the-synergy-of-the-refugee-crisis-and-the-financial-crisis-in-greece-impact-on-mental-health
#20
Dimitris C Anagnostopoulos, George Giannakopoulos, Nikos G Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: The current global financial crisis that started in 2008 resulted in a significant decline in global trade, slowing/reversing economic growth worldwide, and a dramatic increase in public sector debt. At the same time, the global migrant/refugee crisis has reached extreme rates, with millions of people being forced to abandon their homes and communities because of war, political violence or related threats. There is a broad consensus about the deleterious consequences of these crises on psychological well-being, depression, anxiety disorders, insomnia, alcohol abuse and suicidal behavior...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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