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Behavioral Family management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928702/workplace-ostracism-seen-through-the-lens-of-power
#1
John Fiset, Raghid Al Hajj, John G Vongas
Drawing on approach/inhibition theory of power, we investigated two factors that influence the manner by which victims react to workplace ostracism: the hierarchical status of the ostracizer and the level of an ostracizee's external social support including family, friends, and significant others. Across an experimental vignette study (Study 1) and a field study (Study 2), we found support for a three-way interaction with felt ostracism, ostracizee external social support, and ostracizer status influencing victims' organizational citizenship behavior and deviance directed toward other individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928043/treating-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-primary-care-pediatrics
#2
Polina Umylny, Miguelina German, Alexa Lantiere
Postpartum psychiatric disorders represent a significant public health problem that has not been readily addressed, particularly in the primary care setting. As maternal mood and anxiety difficulties are associated with a number of adverse outcomes for the mother, her offspring and the family system, addressing these concerns during the perinatal period is of critical importance. Although researchers and clinicians have become increasingly aware of the problem, postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) remain widely unrecognized and poorly understood by both patients and providers...
September 16, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926617/hidden-biodiversity-in-entomological-collections-the-overlooked-co-occurrence-of-dipteran-and-hymenopteran-ant-parasitoids-in-stored-biological-material
#3
Gabriela Pérez-Lachaud, Jean-Paul Lachaud
Biological collections around the world are the repository of biodiversity on Earth; they also hold a large quantity of unsorted, unidentified, or misidentified material and can house behavioral information on species that are difficult to access or no longer available to science. Among the unsorted, alcohol-preserved material stored in the Formicidae Collection of the 'El Colegio de la Frontera Sur' Research Center (Chetumal, Mexico), we found nine colonies of the ponerine ant Neoponera villosa, that had been collected in bromeliads at Calakmul (Campeche, Mexico) in 1999...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925418/mhealth-application-areas-and-technology-combinations-a-comparison-of-literature-from-high-and-low-middle-income-countries
#4
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: With the continuous and enormous spread of mobile technologies, mHealth has evolved as a new subfield of eHealth. While eHealth is broadly focused on information and communication technologies, mHealth seeks to explore more into mobile devices and wireless communication. Since mobile phone penetration has exceeded other infrastructure in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), mHealth is seen as a promising component to provide pervasive and patient-centered care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research work for this paper is to examine the mHealth literature to identify application areas, target diseases, and mHealth service and technology types that are most appropriate for LMICs...
August 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914815/a-systematic-review-family-support-integrated-with-diabetes-self-management-among-uncontrolled-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#5
REVIEW
Rian Adi Pamungkas, Kanittha Chamroonsawasdi, Paranee Vatanasomboon
The rate of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is dramatically increasing worldwide. Continuing diabetes mellitus (DM) care needs effective self-management education and support for both patients and family members. This study aimed to review and describe the impacts of diabetes mellitus self-management education (DSME) that involve family members on patient outcomes related to patient health behaviors and perceived self-efficacy on self-management such as medication adherence, blood glucose monitoring, diet and exercise changes, health outcomes including psychological well-being and self-efficacy, and physiological markers including body mass index, level of blood pressure, cholesterol level and glycemic control...
September 15, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912114/understanding-the-natural-progression-of-spina-bifida-prospective-study
#6
Judy Thibadeau, Matthew R Reeder, Jennifer Andrews, Katherine Ong, Marcia L Feldkamp, Sydney Rice, Ann Alriksson-Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida (SB) is monitored through birth defects surveillance across the United States and in most developed countries. Although much is known about the management of SB and its many comorbid conditions in affected individuals, there are few systematic, longitudinal studies on population-based cohorts of children or adults. The natural history of SB across the life course of persons with this condition is not well documented. Earlier identification of comorbidities and secondary conditions could allow for earlier intervention that might enhance the developmental trajectory for children with SB...
September 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910584/problematic-gaming-behavior-among-finnish-junior-high-school-students-relation-to-socio-demographics-and-gaming-behavior-characteristics
#7
Niko Männikkö, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Zsolt Demetrovics, Olatz Lopez-Fernandez, Laura Myllymäki, Jouko Miettunen, Maria Kääriäinen
Multi-platform digital media use and gaming have been increased in recent years. The aim of this study was to examine associations between socio-demographics and digital gaming behavior characteristics (i.e., gaming time, medium, and genres) with problematic gaming behavior in adolescents. A convenience sample of Finnish junior high school students (n = 560; mean age 14 years, ranging from 12 to 16 years) participated in the cross-sectional survey, of which, 83% (n = 465) reported having played digital games regularly...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905651/interdisciplinary-management-of-pediatric-obesity-lessons-learned-in-the-midsouth
#8
E Thomaseo Burton, Webb A Smith, Idia B Thurston, Emily Gray, Virginia Perry, Sachin Jogal, Joan C Han
The Healthy Lifestyle Clinic (HLC) is an interdisciplinary weight management clinic conceived to address alarming rates of pediatric obesity and related comorbidities in the midsouth region of the United States. The clinical cohort presented is a subset of the 609 patients evaluated during the first 2 years of the HLC and comprises 380 patients with a minimum of 6 months of follow-up. The primarily non-Hispanic black (67.1%) cohort presented with severe obesity ( MzBMI = 2.52 ± 0.41) and particularly high rates of insulin resistance, among other comorbidities...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894232/antennal-transcriptome-and-expression-analyses-of-olfactory-genes-in-the-sweetpotato-weevil-cylas-formicarius
#9
Shu-Ying Bin, Meng-Qiu Qu, Xin-Hua Pu, Zhong-Zhen Wu, Jin-Tian Lin
The sweetpotato weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius), is a serious pest of sweetpotato. Olfaction-based approaches, such as use of synthetic sex pheromones to monitor populations and the bait-and-kill method to eliminate males, have been applied successfully for population management of C. formicarius. However, the molecular basis of olfaction in C. formicarius remains unknown. In this study, we produced antennal transcriptomes from males and females of C. formicarius using high-throughput sequencing to identify gene families associated with odorant detection...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887069/better-respiratory-education-and-treatment-help-empower-breathe-study-methodology-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-a-transitional-care-program-to-improve-patient-centered-care-delivery-among-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary
#10
H Aboumatar, M Naqibuddin, S Chung, H Adebowale, L Bone, T Brown, L A Cooper, A P Gurses, A Knowlton, D Kurtz, L Piet, N Putcha, C Rand, D Roter, E Shattuck, C Sylvester, A Urteaga-Fuentes, R Wise, J L Wolff, T Yang, J Hibbard, E Howell, M Myers, K Shea, J Sullivan, L Syron, Wang Nae-Yuh, P Pronovost
BACKGROUND: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a leading cause of hospitalizations. Interventional studies focusing on the hospital-to-home transition for COPD patients are few. In the BREATHE (Better Respiratory Education and Treatment Help Empower) study, we developed and tested a patient and family-centered transitional care program that helps prepare hospitalized COPD patients and their family caregivers to manage COPD at home. METHODS: In the study's initial phase, we co-developed the BREATHE transitional care program with COPD patients, family-caregivers, and stakeholders...
September 5, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880484/health-checkup-behavior-and-individual-health-beliefs-in-older-adults
#11
Mika Okura, Mihoko Ogita, Miki Yamamoto, Toshimi Nakai, Tomoko Numata, Hidenori Arai
AIM: Despite Japan being a developed nation, half of its older population does not attend regular health checkups. The aim of the present study was to examine the individual health beliefs and personal recommendations that strongly influence health checkup attendance among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: In 2013, questionnaires were sent to 5401 community-dwelling older adults who were not receiving long-term institutionalized care. The response rate was 94...
September 7, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880106/close-relationships-and-the-management-of-chronic-illness-associations-and-interventions
#12
Lynn M Martire, Vicki S Helgeson
Self-management of a chronic illness involves not only monitoring symptoms, adhering to medication regimens, and keeping medical appointments but also making and maintaining difficult lifestyle changes. This article highlights correlational and intervention research suggesting family members are influential in children's and adults' illness management. The argument is made that a dyadic approach to chronic illness management that targets the influence of close relationships may yield more sustainable effects on patient behavior than has been achieved in the past...
September 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879243/development-and-testing-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-resource-for-children-s-dental-anxiety
#13
J Porritt, H Rodd, A Morgan, C Williams, E Gupta, J Kirby, C Creswell, T Newton, K Stevens, S Baker, S Prasad, Z Marshman
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment for dental anxiety; however, access to therapy is limited. The current study aimed to develop a self-help CBT resource for reducing dental anxiety in children, and to assess the feasibility of conducting a trial to evaluate the treatment efficacy and cost-effectiveness of such an intervention. A mixed methods design was employed. Within phase 1, a qualitative "person-based" approach informed the development of the self-help CBT resource. This also employed guidelines for the development and evaluation of complex interventions...
January 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877119/the-lifestyle-change-experiences-of-cancer-survivors
#14
Shiow-Luan Tsay, Wang-Sheng Ko, Kuan-Pin Lin
BACKGROUND: Leading a healthy lifestyle not only alleviates the physical problems but also improves the quality of life of cancer survivors. Healthcare professionals should understand the benefits of altering lifestyle behaviors to provide effective intervention programs to assist cancer survivors to improve their health. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of cancer survivors in changing their lifestyle after a cancer diagnosis. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted on 13 cancer survivors who were sampled purposively from a regional teaching hospital in central Taiwan...
October 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869923/infant-maternal-and-familial-predictors-and-correlates-of-regulatory-problems-in-early-infancy-the-differential-role-of-infant-temperament-and-maternal-anxiety-and-depression
#15
Julia Martini, Johanna Petzoldt, Susanne Knappe, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Eva Asselmann, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
BACKGROUND: Excessive infant crying, feeding and sleeping problems are likely to emerge from the complex interplay of various factors. AIMS: To investigate the role of infant (e.g., temperament), maternal (e.g., anxiety and depressive disorders), and familial (e.g., social support) factors as potential precursors of infant regulatory problems. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective-longitudinal study. SUBJECTS: 286 mother-infant dyads were investigated from early pregnancy until 16 months postpartum via questionnaires and interviews...
September 1, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867039/-long-term-outcome-of-perinatal-stroke
#16
C Vuillerot, S Marret, M Dinomais
Neonatal Arterial Ischemic Stroke (NAIS) affects 6-17 newborns on 100 000-birth term neonates, most of these children keeping long-term motor and cognitive impairments. Based on a literature review, the objectives of this paper are to describe motor and cognitive outcomes after a NAIS and to propose a consensual monitoring of these children to improve their management. About 30 % of children after a NAIS will develop a unilateral cerebral palsy requiring a management by a team with expertise in physical medicine and rehabilitation...
September 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865661/methods-to-assess-adverse-childhood-experiences-of-children-and-families-toward-approaches-to-promote-child-well-being-in-policy-and-practice
#17
Christina D Bethell, Adam Carle, James Hudziak, Narangerel Gombojav, Kathleen Powers, Roy Wade, Paula Braveman
BACKGROUND: Advances in human development sciences point to tremendous possibilities to promote healthy child development and well-being across life by proactively supporting safe, stable and nurturing family relationships (SSNRs), teaching resilience, and intervening early to promote healing the trauma and stress associated with disruptions in SSNRs. Assessing potential disruptions in SSNRs, such as adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), can contribute to assessing risk for trauma and chronic and toxic stress by asking about ACEs can help with efforts to prevent and attenuate negative impacts on child development and both child and family well-being...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863353/predicting-3-year-mortality-and-admission-to-acute-care-hospitals-skilled-nursing-facilities-and-long-term-care-facilities-in-medicare-beneficiaries
#18
Jibby E Kurichi, Hillary R Bogner, Joel E Streim, Dawei Xie, Pui L Kwong, Debra Saliba, Sean Hennessy
PURPOSE: The ability to predict mortality and admission to acute care hospitals, skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), and long-term care (LTC) facilities in the elderly and how it varies by activity of daily living (ADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL) status could be useful in measuring the success or failure of economic, social, or health policies aimed at disability prevention and management. We sought to derive and assess the predictive performance of rules to predict 3-year mortality and admission to acute care hospitals, SNFs, and LTC facilities among Medicare beneficiaries with differing ADL and IADL functioning levels...
August 24, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860232/self-care-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-stroke-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#19
Barbara Riegel, Debra K Moser, Harleah G Buck, Victoria Vaughan Dickson, Sandra B Dunbar, Christopher S Lee, Terry A Lennie, JoAnn Lindenfeld, Judith E Mitchell, Diane J Treat-Jacobson, David E Webber
Self-care is defined as a naturalistic decision-making process addressing both the prevention and management of chronic illness, with core elements of self-care maintenance, self-care monitoring, and self-care management. In this scientific statement, we describe the importance of self-care in the American Heart Association mission and vision of building healthier lives, free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke. The evidence supporting specific self-care behaviors such as diet and exercise, barriers to self-care, and the effectiveness of self-care in improving outcomes is reviewed, as is the evidence supporting various individual, family-based, and community-based approaches to improving self-care...
August 31, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854903/companion-of-choice-at-birth-factors-affecting-implementation
#20
Tamar Kabakian-Khasholian, Anayda Portela
BACKGROUND: Two recent recommendations made by the World Health Organization confirm the benefits of companion of choice at birth on labour outcomes; however institutional practices and policies do not always support its implementation in different settings around the world. We conducted a review to determine factors that affect implementation of this intervention considering the perspectives and experiences of different stakeholders and other institutional, systemic barriers and facilitators...
August 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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