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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370461/hurricane-sandy-exposure-and-the-mental-health-of-world-trade-center-responders
#1
Evelyn J Bromet, Sean Clouston, Adam Gonzalez, Roman Kotov, Kathryn M Guerrera, Benjamin J Luft
The psychological consequences of a second disaster on populations exposed to an earlier disaster have rarely been studied prospectively. Using a pre- and postdesign, we examined the effects of Hurricane Sandy on possible World Trade Center (WTC) related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist score of ≥ 50) and overall depression (major depressive disorder [MDD]; Patient Health Questionnaire depression score of ≥ 10) among 870 WTC responders with a follow-up monitoring visit at the Long Island WTC Health Program during the 6 months post-Hurricane Sandy...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341697/risk-factors-for-persistence-of-lower-respiratory-symptoms-among-community-members-exposed-to-the-2001-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks
#2
Hannah T Jordan, Stephen M Friedman, Joan Reibman, Roberta M Goldring, Sara A Miller Archie, Felix Ortega, Howard Alper, Yongzhao Shao, Carey B Maslow, James E Cone, Mark R Farfel, Kenneth I Berger
OBJECTIVES: We studied the course of lower respiratory symptoms (LRS; cough, wheeze or dyspnoea) among community members exposed to the 9/11/2001 World Trade Center (WTC) attacks during a period of 12-13 years following the attacks, and evaluated risk factors for LRS persistence, including peripheral airway dysfunction and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Non-smoking adult participants in a case-control study of post-9/11-onset LRS (exam 1, 2008-2010) were recruited for follow-up (exam 2, 2013-2014)...
March 24, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324780/the-longitudinal-relationship-between-control-over-working-hours-and-depressive-symptoms-results-from-slosh-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Sophie C Albrecht, Göran Kecklund, Kristiina Rajaleid, Constanze Leineweber
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial work factors can affect depressive moods, but research is inconclusive if flexibility to self-determine working hours (work-time control, WTC) is associated with depressive symptoms over time. We investigated if either sub-dimension of WTC, control over daily hours and control over time off, was related to depressive symptoms over time and examined causal, reversed-causal, and reciprocal pathways. METHODS: The study was based on four waves of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health which is a follow-up of representative samples of the Swedish working population...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321793/psychological-distress-in-parents-and-school-functioning-of-adolescents-results-from-the-world-trade-center-registry
#4
Lisa M Gargano, Tenzin Dechen, James E Cone, Steven D Stellman, Robert M Brackbill
Poor school-functioning can be indicative of parent and adolescent mental health and adolescent behavior problems. This study examined 472 adolescents enrolled in the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Registry, with a two-step path analysis, using regression-based models, to unravel the relationships between parent and adolescent mental health, adolescent behavior problems, and adolescent unmet healthcare need (UHCN) on the outcome school-functioning. WTC exposure was associated with UHCN and parental mental health was a significant mediator...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277702/pathway-from-ptsd-to-respiratory-health-longitudinal-evidence-from-a-psychosocial-intervention
#5
Monika A Waszczuk, Xiaotong Li, Evelyn J Bromet, Adam Gonzalez, Michael J Zvolensky, Camilo Ruggero, Benjamin J Luft, Roman Kotov
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory illness and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common debilitating conditions that frequently co-occur. Observational studies indicate that PTSD, independently of smoking, is a major risk and maintenance factor for lower respiratory symptoms (LRS). The current study experimentally tested this etiologic pathway by investigating whether LRS can be reduced by treating PTSD symptoms. METHOD: Ninety daily smokers exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster (mean age 50 years, 28% female; 68% White) completed 8-session group-based weekly comprehensive trauma management and smoking cessation treatment that focused on skills to alleviate PTSD symptoms...
May 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238121/leukocyte-inos-is-required-for-inflammation-and-pathological-remodeling-in-ischemic-heart-failure
#6
Justin R Kingery, Tariq Hamid, Robert K Lewis, Mohamed Ameen Ismahil, Shyam S Bansal, Gregg Rokosh, Tim M Townes, Suzanne T Ildstad, Steven P Jones, Sumanth D Prabhu
In the failing heart, iNOS is expressed by both macrophages and cardiomyocytes. We hypothesized that inflammatory cell-localized iNOS exacerbates left ventricular (LV) remodeling. Wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice underwent total body irradiation and reconstitution with bone marrow from iNOS(-/-) mice (iNOS(-/-)c) or WT mice (WTc). Chimeric mice underwent coronary ligation to induce large infarction and ischemic heart failure (HF), or sham surgery. After 28 days, as compared with WTc sham mice, WTc HF mice exhibited significant (p < 0...
March 2017: Basic Research in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229067/the-effect-of-world-trade-center-exposure-on-the-timing-of-diagnoses-of-obstructive-airway-disease-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#7
Xiaoxue Liu, Jennifer Yip, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Jessica Weakley, Mayris P Webber, Theresa M Schwartz, David J Prezant, Michael D Weiden, Charles B Hall
OBJECTIVES: In a cohort of rescue/recovery workers exposed to the dust that resulted from the collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC), we assessed how a diagnosis of obstructive airways disease (OAD) affected the likelihood of a subsequent diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). We also assessed whether OAD acted as a mediator of the association between exposure to the WTC rescue/recovery effort and CRS and GERD diagnoses. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we analyzed Fire Department of the City of New York physician diagnoses of OAD, CRS, and GERD that were first documented between September 11, 2001, and September 10, 2011, among 8,968 WTC-exposed firefighters...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220095/don-t-lose-your-brain-at-work-the-role-of-recurrent-novelty-at-work-in-cognitive-and-brain-aging
#8
Jan Oltmanns, Ben Godde, Axel H Winneke, Götz Richter, Claudia Niemann, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Klaus Schömann, Ursula M Staudinger
Cognitive and brain aging is strongly influenced by everyday settings such as work demands. Long-term exposure to low job complexity, for instance, has detrimental effects on cognitive functioning and regional gray matter (GM) volume. Brain and cognition, however, are also characterized by plasticity. We postulate that the experience of novelty (at work) is one important trigger of plasticity. We investigated the cumulative effect of recurrent exposure to work-task changes (WTC) at low levels of job complexity on GM volume and cognitive functioning of middle-aged production workers across a time window of 17 years...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157767/paresthesias-among-community-members-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster
#9
Michael Marmor, Yongzhao Shao, D Harshad Bhatt, Mark M Stecker, Kenneth I Berger, Roberta M Goldring, Rebecca L Rosen, Caralee Caplan-Shaw, Angeliki Kazeros, Deepak Pradhan, Marc Wilkenfeld, Joan Reibman
OBJECTIVE: Paresthesias can result from metabolic disorders, nerve entrapment following repetitive motions, hyperventilation pursuant to anxiety, or exposure to neurotoxins. We analyzed data from community members exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster of September 11, 2001, to evaluate whether exposure to the disaster was associated with paresthesias. METHODS: Analysis of data from 3141 patients of the WTC Environmental Health Center. RESULTS: Fifty-six percent of patients reported paresthesias at enrollment 7 to 15 years following the WTC disaster...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135632/elevated-c-reactive-protein-and-posttraumatic-stress-pathology-among-survivors-of-the-9-11-world-trade-center-attacks
#10
Rebecca L Rosen, Nomi Levy-Carrick, Joan Reibman, Ning Xu, Yongzhao Shao, Mengling Liu, Lucia Ferri, Angeliki Kazeros, Caralee E Caplan-Shaw, Deepak R Pradhan, Michael Marmor, Isaac R Galatzer-Levy
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation has emerged as a promising marker and potential mechanism underlying post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The relationship between posttraumatic stress pathology and systemic inflammation has not, however, been consistently replicated and is potentially confounded by comorbid illness or injury, common complications of trauma exposure. METHODS: We analyzed a large naturalistic cohort sharing a discrete physical and mental health trauma from the destruction of the World Trade Center (WTC) towers on September 11, 2001 (n = 641)...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104511/serum-perfluoroalkyl-substances-in-children-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster
#11
Leonardo Trasande, Tony T Koshy, Joseph Gilbert, Lauren K Burdine, Teresa M Attina, Akhgar Ghassabian, Masato Honda, Michael Marmor, Dinh Binh Chu, Xiaoxia Han, Yongzhao Shao, Kurunthachalam Kannan
The World Trade Center (WTC) disaster released large amounts of various chemical substances into the environment, including perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). Yet, no studies have examined exposures in children living or attending schools near the disaster site. We measured serum PFASs in WTC Health Registry (WTCHR) respondents who were ≤8 years of age on September 11, 2001 and a sociodemographically-matched comparison group. We also examined the relationship of PFASs levels with dust cloud exposure; home dust exposure, and with traumatic exposure, the latter to take into account differences related to possible mental health consequences and associated behavioral problems...
April 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061835/a-comparative-assessment-of-major-international-disasters-the-need-for-exposure-assessment-systematic-emergency-preparedness-and-lifetime-health-care
#12
Roberto G Lucchini, Dana Hashim, Sushma Acquilla, Angela Basanets, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, Andrey Bushmanov, Michael Crane, Denise J Harrison, William Holden, Philip J Landrigan, Benjamin J Luft, Paolo Mocarelli, Nailya Mazitova, James Melius, Jacqueline M Moline, Koji Mori, David Prezant, Joan Reibman, Dori B Reissman, Alexander Stazharau, Ken Takahashi, Iris G Udasin, Andrew C Todd
BACKGROUND: The disasters at Seveso, Three Mile Island, Bhopal, Chernobyl, the World Trade Center (WTC) and Fukushima had historic health and economic sequelae for large populations of workers, responders and community members. METHODS: Comparative data from these events were collected to derive indications for future preparedness. Information from the primary sources and a literature review addressed: i) exposure assessment; ii) exposed populations; iii) health surveillance; iv) follow-up and research outputs; v) observed physical and mental health effects; vi) treatment and benefits; and vii) outreach activities...
January 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030758/world-trade-center-health-program-amendments-to-definitions-appeals-and-other-requirements-final-rule
#13
(no author information available yet)
In 2011 and 2012, the Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), promulgated regulations designed to govern the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program (Program), including the processes by which eligible responders and survivors may apply for enrollment in the Program, obtain health monitoring and treatment for WTC-related health conditions, and appeal enrollment and treatment decisions, as well as a process to add new conditions to the List of WTC-Related Health Conditions (List). After using the regulations for a number of years, the Administrator of the WTC Health Program identified potential improvements to certain existing provisions, including, but not limited to, appeals of enrollment, certification, and treatment decisions, as well as the procedures for the addition of health conditions for WTC Health Program coverage...
December 15, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013272/trauma-focused-smoking-cessation-for-smokers-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Adam Gonzalez, Fred Friedberg, Xiaotong Li, Michael J Zvolensky, Evelyn J Bromet, Brittain L Mahaffey, Anka A Vujanovic, Benjamin J Luft, Roman Kotov
INTRODUCTION: The main objective was to evaluate the efficacy of an 8-session, group-based comprehensive smoking cessation and trauma management (CSC-T) treatment among daily smokers (≥ 5 cigarettes/day) exposed to the WTC disaster with elevated WTC-related PTSD symptoms. METHODS: Participants (N=90) were randomly assigned to CSC-T (N=44; 63.6% White; 27.3% female; mean age = 51.32±7.87) or comprehensive smoking cessation (CSC) alone (N=46; 71.7% White; 28.3% female; mean age=48...
December 24, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010830/anatomical-features-of-the-interscapular-area-where-wet-cupping-therapy-is-done-and-its-possible-relation-to-acupuncture-meridians
#15
REVIEW
Roshanak Ghods, Nasrin Sayfouri, Mohammad Hossein Ayati
Although wet cupping has been a treatment for centuries, its mechanism of action is not well understood. Because the anatomical features of the wet-cupping area might play a role in its mechanism, we focus on the features of the interscapular area in which a common type of wet-cupping therapy (WCT), called Hijamat-e-Aam in Iranian medicine, is usually applied and discuss the possible relation of those features to the acupuncture meridians. We gathered and analyzed data from reliable textbooks on modern medicine with a focus on the anatomical features of the interscapular area, topics related to WTC in Iranian medicine, and acupuncture sources obtained by searching PubMed, Google-Scholar, and Science Direct...
December 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986442/world-trade-center-wtc-dust-exposure-in-mice-is-associated-with-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-epigenetic-changes-in-the-lung
#16
Vasanthi R Sunil, Kinal N Vayas, Mingzhu Fang, Helmut Zarbl, Christopher Massa, Andrew J Gow, Jessica A Cervelli, Howard Kipen, Robert J Laumbach, Paul J Lioy, Jeffrey D Laskin, Debra L Laskin
Exposure to World Trade Center (WTC) dust has been linked to respiratory disease in humans. In the present studies we developed a rodent model of WTC dust exposure to analyze lung oxidative stress and inflammation, with the goal of elucidating potential epigenetic mechanisms underlying these responses. Exposure of mice to WTC dust (20μg, i.t.) was associated with upregulation of heme oxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 within 3days, a response which persisted for at least 21days. Whereas matrix metalloproteinase was upregulated 7days post-WTC dust exposure, IL-6RA1 was increased at 21days; conversely, expression of mannose receptor, a scavenger receptor important in particle clearance, decreased...
February 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981413/evaluating-the-impact-of-an-anti-stigma-intervention-on-pharmacy-students-willingness-to-counsel-people-living-with-mental-illness
#17
Benita A Bamgbade, Jamie C Barner, Kentya H Ford
Third-year pharmacy students (n = 88) participated in an anti-stigma intervention program consisting of presentations, videos, discussion and active-learning exercises. Willingness to counsel (WTC) people with mental illness (MI) was evaluated using immediate pre and post-tests comparing diabetes, depression and schizophrenia. At pre-test, WTC diabetes was highest (higher = increased WTC) while schizophrenia was the lowest. There were no statistically significant differences between pre/post-test WTC for diabetes and depression, while schizophrenia WTC increased significantly (p < 0...
December 15, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923492/hydrogen-bonding-interactions-and-enthalpy-relaxation-in-sugar-protein-glasses
#18
Bulat Sydykov, Harriëtte Oldenhof, Harald Sieme, Willem F Wolkers
In this study, hydrogen bonding interactions and enthalpy relaxation phenomena of sugar and sugar/protein glasses have been studied using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. The sugar OH band in Fourier transform infrared spectra was used to derive the glass transition temperature, Tg, and the wavenumber-temperature coefficient (WTC) of the OH band. A study on mixtures of sucrose and albumin revealed that the glass transition temperature and strength of hydrogen bonds increased with increasing percentages of albumin...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905829/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-dimensions-and-asthma-morbidity-in-world-trade-center-rescue-and-recovery-workers
#19
I Mindlis, E Morales-Raveendran, E Goodman, K Xu, C Vila-Castelar, K Keller, G Crawford, S James, C L Katz, L E Crowley, R E de la Hoz, S Markowitz, J P Wisnivesky
OBJECTIVE: Using data from a cohort of World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery workers with asthma, we assessed whether meeting criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), sub-threshold PTSD, and for specific PTSD symptom dimensions are associated with increased asthma morbidity. METHODS: Participants underwent a Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual to assess the presence of PTSD following DSM-IV criteria during in-person interviews between December 2013 and April 2015...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898584/prostate-cancer-characteristics-in-the-world-trade-center-cohort-2002-2013
#20
Dana Hashim, Paolo Boffetta, Matthew Galsky, William Oh, Roberto Lucchini, Michael Crane, Benjamin Luft, Jaqueline Moline, Iris Udasin, Denise Harrison, Emanuela Taioli
An increased incidence of prostate cancer was reported in three cohorts of World Trade Center (WTC) respondents. It is uncertain whether this increase is because of WTC-related exposures or enhanced surveillance. Prostate cancer cases (2002-2013) were obtained from the WTC Health Program. Age, race, and Gleason score distribution were compared with New York State Cancer Registry cases from the same time period. Multivariate models were adjusted for age and race. Analyses of clinical characteristics of prostate cancer cases within the cohort were also carried out, adjusting for age, race, and WTC exposure categories...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
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